Census Profile, 2016 Census
Peterborough [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peterborough
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Peterborough [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Peterborough [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 82,094 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 79,863 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,201 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,131 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,525.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 53.81 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 82,095 38,705 43,390 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 11,935 6,085 5,850 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,125 2,105 2,015 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,080 2,025 2,055 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 3,735 1,960 1,775 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 51,815 24,930 26,890 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,545 2,255 2,285 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,220 3,020 3,200 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 5,595 2,750 2,840 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 5,080 2,515 2,565 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 4,490 2,180 2,310 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 4,320 2,160 2,160 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 4,585 2,130 2,455 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 5,550 2,620 2,930 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 5,890 2,700 3,190 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 5,540 2,595 2,945 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 18,345 7,690 10,650 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,300 2,405 2,895 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,965 1,740 2,220 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,085 1,330 1,755 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,675 1,120 1,560 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,315 1,090 2,220 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,030 760 1,270 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 990 270 720 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 255 55 200 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 35 0 30 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.7 13.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.1 64.4 62.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 22.3 19.9 24.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 4.0 2.8 5.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.5 41.9 45.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.6 41.2 46.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,550 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,520 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,060 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 765 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,805 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,590 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,855 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 10,995 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 12,905 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,100 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 4,075 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,055 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 79,595 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 70,160 32,620 37,540 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 36,595 18,235 18,360 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 29,160 14,550 14,610 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 7,430 3,685 3,745 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 33,565 14,385 19,185 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 20,060 10,415 9,640 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,525 985 1,540 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,360 1,910 3,455 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,625 1,080 4,545 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 22,435 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 12,780 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 4,605 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 3,680 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,370 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 22,435 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 17,875 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 14,160 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,715 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,560 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,715 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 845 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 17,875 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 9,880 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 7,990 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,380 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 3,335 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,280 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,560 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,900 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,225 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 435 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,225 8,015 10,200 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 21,475 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,510 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 11,965 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 475 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,180 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 10,995 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,185 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 80,300 38,095 42,205 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 73,790 35,380 38,410 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 20 10 5 1,110 530 580
English and French 6,255 2,610 3,645 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 235 95 140 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 80,300 38,095 42,205 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 79,125 37,625 41,495 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 855 345 510 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 100 40 60 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 225 85 140 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 905 365 540 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 80,300 38,095 42,205 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 79,645 37,785 41,855 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 74,620 35,415 39,205 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 73,720 35,060 38,660 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 900 355 545 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 5,025 2,375 2,650 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 40 20 20 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 40 20 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 5 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 5 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,985 2,350 2,630 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 290 160 135 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 25 10 10 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 25 10 15 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 265 145 120 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 5 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 235 135 105 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 15 0 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 180 85 95 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 30 35 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 120 60 65 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 195 75 120 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 35 15 15 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 15 5 10 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 5 0 0 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 50 90 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 0 5 5 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 150 80 70 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 40 20 20 1,750 905 845
Tamil 65 35 35 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 30 20 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 3,175 1,495 1,685 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 70 35 35 1,090 560 530
Armenian 0 5 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 640 285 355 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 25 10 15 645 280 370
Latvian 10 5 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 615 280 340 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 20 5 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 20 15 5 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 50 25 25 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 5 5 0 250 120 135
Polish 330 140 190 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 85 45 40 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 20 10 10 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 15 5 10 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 55 25 25 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 895 385 515 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 330 135 200 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 10 10 5 80 30 50
German 485 215 270 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 20 10 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 85 45 40 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 775 415 355 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 630 345 280 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 60 35 25 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 185 105 80 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 90 60 35 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 10 10 225 110 110
Marathi 5 0 5 535 280 255
Nepali 10 0 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 130 70 60 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 10 5 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 115 65 45 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 145 70 75 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 25 15 15 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 110 55 55 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 700 325 375 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 255 130 125 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 85 35 50 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 50 25 25 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 305 135 175 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 25 10 20 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 160 70 90 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 55 30 25 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 10 5 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 30 20 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 10 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 535 255 280 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 510 245 265 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 160 80 80 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 290 140 150 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 25 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 5 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 20 10 15 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 5 800 405 400
Thai 15 0 5 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 15 10 10 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 5 10 0 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 135 55 80 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 15 5 10 455 195 260
Finnish 35 10 25 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 80 40 45 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 655 310 345 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 215 90 130 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 410 210 200 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 15 5 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 80,300 38,095 42,200 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 79,235 37,565 41,675 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 77,390 36,665 40,725 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 77,130 36,550 40,575 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 260 115 150 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,850 900 950 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,840 895 945 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 160 80 85 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 10 5 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 155 75 75 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 5 5 535 250 290
Arabic 145 75 75 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 55 60 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 620 290 330
Vietnamese 85 40 45 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 80 35 45 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 10 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 25 40 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 55 25 30 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 15 10 5 885 450 435
Tamil 30 15 15 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 5 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 920 450 470 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 25 15 15 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 180 85 90 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 180 85 95 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 10 0 5 925 425 495
Croatian 0 0 0 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 0 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 130 55 70 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 20 15 10 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 5 0 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 0 5 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 5 5 0 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 60 25 35 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 15 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 45 20 25 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 20 10 10 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 435 225 210 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 350 185 165 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 40 25 20 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 110 65 45 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 50 20 30 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 10 0 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 40 30 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 595 290 305
Urdu 55 30 30 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 85 40 40 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 5 5 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 70 35 35 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 205 95 110 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 50 25 30 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 20 10 15 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 25 15 10 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 105 45 60 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 5 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 120 60 60 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 5 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 35 25 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 10 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 0 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 315 155 160 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 295 145 145 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 80 40 45 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 195 100 90 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 5 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 5 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 25 5 15 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 10 5 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,065 530 530 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 70 40 30 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 960 480 480 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 0 0 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 80,300 38,095 42,205 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 76,485 36,335 40,140 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 975 480 490 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,030 415 610 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 1,735 810 925 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 60 30 30 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 1,675 780 895 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 10 5 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 30 20 5 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 45 25 15 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 67,705 31,755 35,945 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,355 30,590 34,760 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,108 34,466 26,886 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,370 30,600 34,775 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,754 31,360 25,241 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,140 27,055 30,085 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,485 32,866 23,006 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 51,360 22,680 28,680 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,560 6,563 8,081 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,920 22,480 22,440 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,177 29,440 25,376 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 67,835 31,880 35,960 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,525 30,720 34,805 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,691 45,872 34,235 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,550 30,720 34,825 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,952 38,580 29,869 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,145 27,225 29,920 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,855 45,201 31,172 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 51,400 22,735 28,670 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,513 7,862 9,030 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,050 22,570 22,480 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,799 41,537 32,043 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 67,835 31,880 35,960 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 19,495 10,340 9,160 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,298 53,340 45,387 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,892 63,505 51,557 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.1 87.0 78.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.8 66.5 60.8 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.9 13.0 21.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 67,705 31,755 35,945 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,350 1,160 1,185 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 65,355 30,595 34,760 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.3 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,810 4,090 4,720 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 13,310 5,340 7,975 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,450 4,170 6,280 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 8,355 3,735 4,620 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,415 3,070 3,345 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 4,840 2,505 2,335 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 3,555 1,945 1,615 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 2,480 1,395 1,090 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,895 1,120 775 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,705 915 790 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 3,525 2,310 1,215 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 2,555 1,595 965 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 970 720 250 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 67,700 31,755 35,945 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,330 1,160 1,175 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 65,370 30,595 34,775 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.3 96.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,095 4,145 4,950 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 13,810 5,555 8,255 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 12,210 4,970 7,235 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,405 4,370 5,035 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 7,035 3,520 3,510 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 4,690 2,505 2,190 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 3,090 1,825 1,265 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,355 1,315 1,040 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 3,680 2,385 1,295 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,430 815 615 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 725 470 260 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,530 1,105 425 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 67,700 31,760 35,945 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 22,780 9,275 13,500 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 44,920 22,480 22,445 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 66.4 70.8 62.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,965 4,320 3,645 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,080 1,780 2,300 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 6,535 2,915 3,620 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 5,290 2,365 2,925 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 4,930 2,255 2,670 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 3,710 1,770 1,940 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 3,025 1,550 1,475 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,275 1,250 1,025 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 1,665 910 755 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 5,445 3,365 2,080 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,435 845 590 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,475 745 730 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 2,530 1,775 755 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,135 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 58,381 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,448 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,990 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,696 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,444 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 24,140 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,934 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,106 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,180 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,930 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,261 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,035 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,228 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,606 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 24,140 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,334 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,358 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,130 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 465 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 490 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,375 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,800 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,020 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,775 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,820 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,820 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,820 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,610 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,030 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,685 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,380 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,990 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,715 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,345 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,075 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,990 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,950 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,330 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,130 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 490 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 490 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,390 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,875 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,260 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,985 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,080 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,075 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,030 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,955 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,435 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,005 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,455 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,075 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,590 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,955 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,780 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,455 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,725 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 22,390 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,160 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,741 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,325 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,431 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,923 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,110 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,149 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,583 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,290 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,402 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,424 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 22,435 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,835 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,354 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,275 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,845 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,836 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,230 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,249 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,798 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,220 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,854 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,907 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,455 7,290 9,165 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,181 24,443 25,646 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,968 23,111 24,410 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,320 7,405 8,910 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,508 34,811 34,255 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,040 29,782 30,255 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 79,595 37,815 41,785 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 45,495 21,045 24,450 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 10,905 5,250 5,655 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 9,835 4,205 5,635 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 8,550 3,915 4,635 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,260 3,910 4,350 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,945 3,770 4,175 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 34,100 16,770 17,330 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 7,615 3,645 3,970 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 7,545 3,680 3,860 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 6,955 3,430 3,520 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 6,815 3,395 3,420 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 5,175 2,610 2,560 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 79,595 37,810 41,785 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 14,295 7,270 7,030 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 4,905 2,515 2,390 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 48,895 23,385 25,510 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,405 7,155 9,250 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,725 6,595 8,130 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,390 1,735 1,655 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,335 690 650 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 9,375 4,270 5,105 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,960 590 1,370 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.5 17.4 19.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 23.7 23.9 23.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 27.2 27.4 27.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.3 20.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.9 8.2 14.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,715 4,305 4,410 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,590 830 760 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 655 340 320 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 6,790 3,355 3,435 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 335 115 220 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.9 11.4 10.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.1 11.4 10.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.4 13.5 13.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 14.3 13.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.6 2.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 79,720 37,925 41,795 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 79,460 37,805 41,655 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 79,450 37,795 41,650 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 6,345 2,720 3,615 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 6,830 3,175 3,650 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 110 60 45 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 100 50 45 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 95 55 40 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 95 50 40 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,720 3,115 3,605 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 455 275 180 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 15 10 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 440 270 170 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 20 15 10 1,755 905 855
Arabic 345 205 140 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 40 25 15 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 35 30 10 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 220 100 120 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 40 35 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 145 60 80 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 280 115 170 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 35 10 20 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 10 0 15 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 10 0 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 95 165 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 0 0 0 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 200 115 90 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 10 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 55 15 35 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 115 75 45 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 45 30 15 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 4,245 1,905 2,335 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 80 45 35 1,135 580 555
Armenian 10 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 770 315 455 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 30 0 30 635 310 325
Latvian 20 0 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 740 310 425 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 30 10 20 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 40 10 25 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 55 10 40 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 25 15 0 345 180 160
Polish 350 145 205 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 150 75 80 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 35 15 25 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 20 10 10 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 70 30 40 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 10 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,155 525 625 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 35 10 25 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 30 15 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 375 135 235 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 710 370 340 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 25 10 15 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 80 40 35 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 890 455 435 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 825 425 395 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 125 70 60 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 255 140 120 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 380 205 180 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 10 10 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 45 15 30 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 70 60 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 170 90 80 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 75 30 45 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10 10 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 70 25 40 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 1,405 615 795 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 365 180 185 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 145 65 75 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 35 15 20 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 920 400 520 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 90 60 40 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 160 60 95 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 145 65 85 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 10 0 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 10 265 125 140
Swahili 55 30 20 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 45 20 25 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 0 30 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 300 150 150
Dinka 20 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 250 105 140 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 170 65 105 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 675 330 345 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 655 325 330 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 255 135 115 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 380 180 200 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 20 40 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 15 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 20 0 15 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 10 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 15 0 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 25 10 15 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 20 10 15 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 170 65 100 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 15 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 45 15 30 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 110 50 60 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 79,720 37,925 41,795 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 77,720 36,920 40,800 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,130 7,135 6,990 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 63,590 29,780 33,810 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,000 1,010 990 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 79,725 37,925 41,790 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 71,855 34,280 37,570 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,175 3,265 3,910 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 3,715 1,670 2,045 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 770 355 410 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 865 370 495 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,175 560 625 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 625 305 320 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 555 255 300 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 650 315 340 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 690 380 315 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,175 3,265 3,910 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,065 535 525 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,440 650 790 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 1,770 780 995 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 2,535 1,145 1,390 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 375 160 205 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,175 3,265 3,915 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,085 450 630 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 25 10 15 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 0 10 0 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 0 0 0 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 75 25 50 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 80 35 45 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 60 30 35 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 10 0 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 35 10 20 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 615 250 360 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 180 90 95 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 3,765 1,740 2,020 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 25 15 15 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 35 20 15 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 360 160 200 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 20 0 15 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 90 40 50 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 35 35 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 145 70 75 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 305 140 170 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 200 75 125 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 40 15 25 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 45 15 25 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 35 15 20 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 10 30 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 40 20 15 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,925 935 990 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 380 170 210 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 335 190 145 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 70 45 20 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 10 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 20 0 20 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 10 0 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 25 20 10 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 40 20 15 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 160 85 75 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,935 845 1,090 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 30 10 25 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 60 40 20 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 360 115 240 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 55 30 30 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 360 175 185 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 0 10 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 30 20 10 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 20 10 15 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 110 50 65 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 65 30 30 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 105 50 55 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 265 110 150 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 45 20 25 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 90 40 50 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 10 0 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 100 40 60 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 210 95 115 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 60 40 20 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 655 315 340 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 75 40 40 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 0 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30 15 15 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 20 15 0 1,855 875 975
Europe 80 40 40 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545