Census Profile, 2016 Census
Québec [Population centre], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec
Quebec
[Population centre]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Québec [Population centre], Quebec  Map : Québec [Population centre], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 705,103 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 681,804 r ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.4 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 341,184 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 324,430 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,648.8 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 427.66 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 705,105 341,815 363,285 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 104,580 53,230 51,350 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 35,290 18,070 17,225 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 36,890 18,755 18,135 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 32,400 16,405 15,990 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 459,915 228,530 231,390 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 33,820 17,130 16,685 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 46,810 23,155 23,660 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 46,645 23,525 23,120 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 45,620 23,405 22,210 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 47,855 24,295 23,565 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 41,610 21,025 20,590 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 41,485 20,645 20,835 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 51,330 25,290 26,035 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 54,610 26,415 28,190 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 50,135 23,640 26,495 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 140,605 60,060 80,545 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 45,465 21,215 24,250 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 35,820 16,240 19,580 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 23,665 10,240 13,430 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 17,320 6,805 10,515 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 18,340 5,565 12,770 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 11,460 3,855 7,605 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 5,340 1,435 3,905 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 1,360 255 1,105 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 180 20 160 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8 15.6 14.1 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.2 66.9 63.7 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 19.9 17.6 22.2 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.6 1.6 3.5 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 42.9 41.5 44.2 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 43.2 41.4 45.1 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 324,430 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 119,150 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 22,095 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 181,245 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 18,675 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 8,390 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 21,060 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 131,825 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,285 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,940 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 324,430 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 119,135 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 116,420 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 40,665 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 34,655 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,560 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 685,040 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 600,520 288,585 311,935 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 335,145 167,715 167,430 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 178,660 89,255 89,410 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 156,480 78,465 78,015 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 265,375 120,870 144,510 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 181,940 95,170 86,770 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 7,970 3,485 4,485 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 41,615 15,230 26,380 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 33,855 6,985 26,870 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 193,265 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 109,980 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 37,830 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 33,530 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,925 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 193,270 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 164,055 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 85,885 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 78,170 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 29,220 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 21,240 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 7,970 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 164,050 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 91,490 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 72,565 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 29,235 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 31,780 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 11,545 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 29,215 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 18,495 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 8,595 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 2,130 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 154,545 71,820 82,730 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 324,430 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 190,970 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 90,455 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 100,510 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,140 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 132,320 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 119,140 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,185 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 694,380 337,840 356,535 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 1,530 815 710 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 415,730 185,870 229,860 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 275,160 150,290 124,875 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,955 870 1,085 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 694,375 337,840 356,535 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 10,740 5,505 5,240 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 675,785 328,275 347,515 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 5,985 3,250 2,735 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,865 810 1,050 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 13,735 7,130 6,605 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.1 1.9 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 694,375 337,845 356,535 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 687,545 334,300 353,250 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 658,495 319,855 338,635 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 9,125 4,680 4,445 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 649,370 315,175 334,195 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 29,050 14,440 14,610 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 590 230 360 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 580 225 350 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 565 225 340 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 40 20 25 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 510 205 310 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 5 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 10 0 5 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,460 14,210 14,250 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,955 3,325 2,630 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 745 415 330 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 390 215 175 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 355 205 150 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 45 20 25 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 45 20 20 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 5,135 2,870 2,265 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 0 5 745 340 405
Arabic 5,110 2,860 2,250 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 10 5 5 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,255 595 660 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 400 180 215 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 855 415 440 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 375 145 230 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 25 0 20 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 5 0 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 210 95 115 1,250 590 660
Malay 20 10 15 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 25 60 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 320 140 180
Creole languages 565 265 300 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 515 240 275 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 30 20 10 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 10 5 0 440 235 205
Tamil 15 10 5 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 10 5 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 15,345 7,430 7,915 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 210 105 105 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 60 30 30 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 2,540 1,195 1,345 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 25 15 10 850 335 515
Latvian 15 5 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 10 5 5 555 215 340
Slavic languages 2,515 1,180 1,335 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 625 315 310 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 230 110 125 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 95 50 50 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 40 15 20 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 10 5 0 205 105 95
Polish 285 130 155 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 640 265 370 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 160 80 75 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 275 130 145 1,805 865 940
Slovak 25 10 10 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 120 55 65 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 0 5 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 655 290 365 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 10 5 5 125 60 65
Danish 10 5 5 395 190 200
Dutch 115 60 55 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 460 185 275 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 0 5 200 100 100
Swedish 35 15 15 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 100 75
Greek 95 55 40 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,655 815 835 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,030 525 510 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 70 40 30 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 15 10 5 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 40 25 15 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 5 110 60 55
Marathi 5 5 5 255 145 110
Nepali 845 420 425 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 5 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 5 0 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 645 310 330
Urdu 30 15 15 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 525 260 265 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 50 30 15 985 550 430
Pashto 0 0 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 480 230 245 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 10,130 4,935 5,195 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 15 10 5 320 170 150
Italian 595 335 260 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 1,615 800 815 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 825 395 430 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 7,070 3,390 3,680 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 125 75 50
Japanese 155 45 110 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 170 80 85
Georgian 5 0 5 170 80 90
Korean 40 10 30 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 2,780 1,435 1,345 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 75 40 30 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 45 25 25 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 160 95 60 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 5 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 115 55 55 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 480 235 240 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 135 170 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 505 245 260 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 305 165 135 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 10 10 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 785 420 355 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 335 170 165
Sign languages 110 55 60 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 65 25 35 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 25 20 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,335 635 705 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,235 575 655 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 265 135 125 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 0 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 835 380 460 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 10 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 45 40 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 50 45 345 175 170
Burmese 10 5 10 80 30 50
Karenic languages 70 35 30 70 40 30
Tibetan 5 5 5 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 190 70 115 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 120 55 60 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 70 15 55 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 90 55 35 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 290 160 130
Turkish 65 45 20 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 135 75 65 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 10 5 5 360 125 240
Hungarian 125 70 60 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 40 20 685 385 300
Multiple responses 6,835 3,545 3,285 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 3,270 1,720 1,550 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 220 120 105 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 3,060 1,560 1,505 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 275 150 130 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 694,380 337,840 356,535 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 683,910 332,580 351,330 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 669,250 325,450 343,800 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 6,780 3,480 3,300 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 662,470 321,970 340,500 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 14,660 7,130 7,525 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 280 120 170 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 275 115 155 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 270 110 155 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 10 5 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 260 110 150 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 5 0 5 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,375 7,015 7,360 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,225 1,145 1,080 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 235 120 115 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 165 80 80 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 10 5 5 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,965 1,015 950 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 1,955 1,010 945 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 675 300 375 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 185 75 105 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 485 220 265 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 95 50 50 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 65 30 35 360 185 170
Malay 5 5 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 10 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 75 35 35
Creole languages 145 60 80 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 135 60 75 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 5 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 5 5 5 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 5 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 9,080 4,405 4,675 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 105 50 50 1,615 795 820
Armenian 35 20 15 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 1,390 675 720 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 10 5 5 190 80 105
Latvian 5 0 5 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 1,380 670 710 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 370 180 190 965 475 495
Bulgarian 135 70 70 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 55 25 25 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 5 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 5 5 0 130 65 65
Polish 100 45 55 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 390 185 205 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 100 55 45 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 960 470 490
Slovak 0 0 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 70 35 35 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 100 45 55 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 20 10 10 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 75 30 40 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 5 5 5 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 20 10 10 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 1,380 670 710 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 910 450 465 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 45 25 25 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 15 10 10 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 15 10 5 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 815 400 415 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 15 10 5 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 380 185 195 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 20 10 10 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 360 175 185 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 6,055 2,940 3,115 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 5 0 5 110 50 60
Italian 115 50 65 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 1,075 535 540 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 455 230 230 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 4,400 2,120 2,275 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 35 20 15
Japanese 60 25 40 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 15 5 15 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 765 360 405 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 15 5 10 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 10 5 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 30 15 10 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 80 95 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 20 30 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 170 85 90 1,100 535 565
Wolof 105 55 50 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 130 65 65
Sign languages 145 75 70 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 75 40 35 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 30 30 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,000 510 490 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 905 460 445 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 165 85 80 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 650 330 320 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 10 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 50 45 215 115 100
Burmese 15 5 5 35 15 20
Karenic languages 65 35 30 65 40 30
Tibetan 5 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 40 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 40 20 25 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 25 10 15 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 20 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 25 10 10 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 30 10 15 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 5 5 50 20 30
Hungarian 30 10 15 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 10,465 5,260 5,205 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 3,220 1,710 1,510 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 240 120 125 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 6,340 3,095 3,245 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 675 345 335 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 694,375 337,840 356,535 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 640,535 309,505 331,035 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 30,420 16,775 13,640 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 10,530 5,190 5,335 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 10,820 5,325 5,490 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 225 85 135 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 10,595 5,245 5,355 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 555 295 260 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 1,215 605 610 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 270 120 150 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 35 25 10 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 580,635 281,715 298,920 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 568,810 276,155 292,650 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,803 42,567 33,513 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 568,910 276,170 292,740 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,997 36,487 29,752 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 524,590 259,240 265,350 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,117 39,450 29,074 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 428,965 193,515 235,460 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,039 5,527 7,949 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 420,490 216,165 204,325 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,063 38,768 31,545 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 580,810 281,770 299,040 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 569,160 276,310 292,850 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,592 52,074 39,476 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 569,220 276,315 292,905 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,323 41,823 33,077 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 524,845 259,885 264,960 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,682 49,786 35,713 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 428,785 193,345 235,440 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,274 7,499 8,911 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 420,610 216,875 203,740 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,975 46,621 37,029 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 580,810 281,770 299,040 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 195,850 104,630 91,220 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,687 53,907 45,639 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,242 62,492 51,220 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.3 89.9 81.8 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.1 70.4 65.2 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.7 10.1 18.2 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 580,635 281,715 298,920 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 11,825 5,560 6,265 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 568,810 276,150 292,655 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 98.0 98.0 97.9 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 54,610 23,910 30,695 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 91,970 36,060 55,915 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 77,965 32,840 45,125 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 77,455 35,580 41,870 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 73,405 35,080 38,320 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 56,990 29,820 27,170 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 40,485 22,870 17,615 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 30,745 17,595 13,150 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 20,275 11,915 8,360 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 11,780 7,535 4,240 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 33,140 22,940 10,200 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 22,825 15,325 7,500 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 10,310 7,615 2,700 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 580,640 281,715 298,920 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 11,720 5,545 6,175 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 568,915 276,170 292,740 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 98.0 98.0 97.9 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 58,580 24,465 34,115 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 95,855 38,310 57,545 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 98,935 42,800 56,135 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 103,370 49,435 53,930 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 81,335 42,265 39,075 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 53,360 30,175 23,185 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 32,730 18,715 14,010 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 16,485 10,335 6,155 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 28,265 19,660 8,605 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 9,305 6,140 3,165 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 5,620 3,865 1,750 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 13,350 9,655 3,690 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 580,635 281,715 298,925 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 160,145 65,550 94,595 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 420,490 216,165 204,325 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 72.4 76.7 68.4 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 49,395 25,890 23,505 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 31,130 13,735 17,390 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 56,280 25,265 31,020 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 48,445 22,110 26,335 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 51,405 24,205 27,205 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 47,860 23,155 24,705 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 36,660 19,885 16,770 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 28,565 16,440 12,125 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 23,550 13,585 9,965 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 47,210 31,895 15,310 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 14,505 9,070 5,435 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 8,675 5,765 2,910 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 24,030 17,065 6,970 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 324,430 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,447 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,395 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 119,135 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,650 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,418 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 205,295 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,649 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,255 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 324,515 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,962 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,466 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 119,150 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,931 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,924 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 205,365 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,027 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,186 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 324,430 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,680 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,965 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,975 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,535 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 15,005 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,880 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 15,805 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,885 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,700 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,700 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 29,000 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,430 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,845 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,795 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,670 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 86,555 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,690 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,945 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 19,730 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,185 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 324,430 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,925 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,050 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,105 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,320 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 17,225 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,825 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,180 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 21,180 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,885 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,525 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,105 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 28,410 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,070 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,985 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,570 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 55,075 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 27,325 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,290 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 14,460 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 194,975 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,099 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,232 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 89,465 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,657 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,883 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 72,795 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,438 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,846 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 28,670 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,726 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,145 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 195,000 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,718 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,318 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 89,475 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,774 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,962 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 72,815 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,656 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,295 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 28,615 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,394 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,415 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 145,180 67,635 77,545 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,249 34,978 31,881 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,685 30,689 28,803 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 145,065 67,340 77,725 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,458 41,708 37,509 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,107 34,405 31,982 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 685,040 334,855 350,180 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 340,695 160,680 180,010 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 48,100 23,630 24,475 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 60,295 26,150 34,150 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 69,980 32,740 37,240 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 80,005 38,205 41,800 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 82,310 39,960 42,350 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 344,345 174,175 170,170 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 84,270 41,880 42,395 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 83,600 42,375 41,225 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 73,450 37,180 36,270 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 58,615 29,870 28,745 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 44,415 22,875 21,540 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 682,920 333,805 349,115 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 123,050 62,660 60,390 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 42,595 21,780 20,815 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 436,240 216,020 220,220 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 123,630 55,125 68,505 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 74,180 33,435 40,745 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 11,150 5,680 5,470 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 3,770 1,945 1,830 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 45,185 22,150 23,035 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 17,855 5,610 12,245 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.9 10.0 11.7 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.9 8.9 8.8 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 10.3 10.5 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 14.4 10.2 17.9 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 61,915 28,945 32,970 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 7,885 4,015 3,875 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,675 1,370 1,305 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 41,905 21,315 20,585 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 12,125 3,615 8,510 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.1 8.7 9.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.4 6.4 6.4 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 6.3 6.3 6.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.6 9.9 9.3 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 9.8 6.6 12.4 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 685,330 334,995 350,335 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 683,360 334,110 349,250 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 274,875 150,170 124,710 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 681,925 333,385 348,545 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 63,695 29,965 33,730 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 760 335 425 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 655 295 355 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 625 285 345 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 50 10 40 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 555 250 300 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 30 15 20 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 15 10 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 20 10 10 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 10 0 10 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 10 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 10 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 45 15 30 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 15 30 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 35 15 25 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 62,960 29,640 33,315 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,640 4,705 3,935 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 975 520 460 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 500 260 240 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 480 265 215 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 55 20 35 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 55 20 35 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 8,110 4,445 3,665 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 10 0 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 8,050 4,405 3,650 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 40 15 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 10 0 10 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,600 755 835 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 570 285 290 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 1,050 480 565 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 395 165 230 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 30 0 20 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 540 195 350
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 190 80 105 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 65 30 30 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 35 75 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 540 270 275
Creole languages 1,300 630 670 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 120 65 55 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 1,055 495 560 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 130 70 55 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 15 0 10 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 0 0 0 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 15 10 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 43,890 19,835 24,055 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 290 165 125 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 25 20 10 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 3,235 1,595 1,630 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 10 15 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 10 10 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 10 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 3,220 1,590 1,630 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 10 10 10 365 150 215
Bosnian 645 350 295 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 150 70 75 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 165 75 85 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 65 40 25 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 15 15 0 285 140 145
Polish 445 215 240 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 1,250 595 655 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 180 100 85 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 375 160 210 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 60 40 25 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 970 490 480
Ukrainian 200 95 105 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 10 10 10 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 3,830 1,990 1,835 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 25 20 0 415 260 150
Danish 45 20 25 835 410 420
Dutch 280 170 115 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 3,375 1,735 1,640 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 10 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 20 10 0 510 255 255
Swedish 110 65 50 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 270 125 140
Greek 250 135 115 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,945 935 1,010 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 1,100 560 545 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 105 60 45 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 25 10 15 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 205 120 85 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 10 475 240 230
Nepali 810 390 425 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 0 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,335 625 710
Urdu 55 35 20 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 675 320 355 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 60 30 30 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 635 300 330 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 80 125 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 36,280 15,945 20,330 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 75 40 35 890 525 365
Italian 2,990 1,345 1,650 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 2,795 1,395 1,400 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 1,030 480 560 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 30,970 13,395 17,580 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 490 345 145
Japanese 540 305 240 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 220 110 110
Georgian 10 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 45 15 30 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 4,685 2,535 2,155 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 170 95 75 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 10 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 75 50 25 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 250 145 105 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 10 10 0 90 40 55
Igbo 10 10 0 275 190 90
Lingala 495 275 225 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 670 345 325 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 405 200 205 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 1,020 570 450 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 640 395 250 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 20 10 10 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,700 885 815 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 165 60 95 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 160 65 95 695 345 350
Sign languages 650 215 435 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 20 0 15 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 420 140 280 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 250 75 170 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,905 910 1,000 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 1,750 825 925 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 445 220 220 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,245 585 665 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 25 30 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 60 70 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 85 70 430 235 195
Burmese 60 35 20 140 75 60
Karenic languages 105 55 50 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 10 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 260 115 140 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 120 60 60 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 160 75 90 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 125 65 65 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 25 10 15 510 275 235
Turkish 100 55 45 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 235 115 120
Uralic languages 220 105 115 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 40 10 30 500 195 305
Hungarian 175 95 80 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 255 110 145 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 685,330 334,995 350,335 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 663,555 324,195 339,355 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 119,375 60,910 58,460 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 544,180 263,285 280,900 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 21,775 10,800 10,980 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 685,335 334,995 350,335 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 637,685 311,015 326,675 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 42,365 21,310 21,050 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 5,030 2,795 2,235 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 3,155 1,630 1,530 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 6,065 2,840 3,230 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 15,055 7,580 7,475 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 5,920 3,030 2,885 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 9,135 4,545 4,590 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,055 6,470 6,590 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,285 2,670 2,610 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 42,365 21,310 21,055 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 5,855 2,540 3,320 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 6,075 3,105 2,970 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 6,625 3,280 3,340 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 21,680 11,315 10,365 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 2,130 1,065 1,060 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 42,365 21,310 21,050 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 9,475 4,460 5,015 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 890 425 465 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 2,735 1,295 1,440 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 385 180 205 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 10 0 10 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 1,105 510 590 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 20 15 0 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 860 440 420 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 445 185 260 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 20 0 20 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,065 480 585 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,955 930 1,025 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 13,780 7,305 6,470 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 880 440 445 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 65 15 50 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 7,255 4,035 3,215 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 660 260 395 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 75 45 30 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 70 40 25 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 820 485 330
Italy 420 265 155 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 45 25 25 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 275 115 155 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 475 245 235 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 680 340 340 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 250 120 130 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 40 20 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 240 115 125 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 240 150 90 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 2,085 1,060 1,025 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 12,750 6,935 5,810 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,915 1,065 850 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 260 130 130 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10 0 10 995 495 495
Kenya 40 10 25 785 355 430
Morocco 2,140 1,190 955 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 35 25 15 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 10 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 35 15 20 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 8,310 4,500 3,810 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 6,310 2,570 3,740 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 95 55 40 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 120 55 65 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,705 430 1,270 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 55 10 45 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 70 35 35 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 340 175 170 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 120 45 80 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 110 10 100 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 140 75 60 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 285 180 105 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 35 20 15 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 135 50 90 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 340 175 170 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 55 30 20 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 765 340 430 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 1,935 885 1,050 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 50 40 15 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,060 6,465 6,590 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 2,740 1,310 1,430 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 550 260 290 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 910 430 480 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 195 105 90 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 330 145 190 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 10 0 190 140 55
Mexico 255 130 125 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 95 55 40 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 100 55 50 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 300 130 170 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 3,000 1,605 1,400 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 2,155 1,165 995 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 45 25 20 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 110 45 70 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 60 25 30 2,945 1,260 1,685