Census Profile, 2016 Census
Quesnel [Population centre], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Quesnel
British Columbia
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Quesnel [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : Quesnel [Population centre], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 12,064  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,216 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 493.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 24.47  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 12,070 5,955 6,120 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 1,990 1,005 990 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 595 305 295 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 745 365 380 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 650 340 310 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 7,745 3,855 3,890 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 720 370 355 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 705 380 325 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 710 360 350 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 655 310 345 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 650 320 330 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 690 325 360 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 830 415 410 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 900 450 445 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 1,015 500 515 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 875 425 450 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 2,330 1,090 1,240 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 785 375 410 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 515 270 250 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 415 195 220 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 300 130 175 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 315 125 190 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 195 80 110 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 95 35 55 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 20 5 15 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 5 0 5 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.5 16.9 16.2 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.2 64.7 63.6 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 19.3 18.3 20.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.6 2.1 3.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.5 41.8 43.2 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 44.4 43.5 45.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 11,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 10,080 4,945 5,130 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 5,600 2,800 2,800 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 4,335 2,170 2,165 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 1,270 630 635 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 4,475 2,145 2,330 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 2,585 1,460 1,130 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 360 145 220 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 815 375 440 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 710 170 540 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 2,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 2,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 1,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 1,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,560 1,295 1,265 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 2,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 11,915 5,900 6,020 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 11,465 5,710 5,750 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 5 0 5 1,810 820 985
English and French 410 175 235 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 40 15 25 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 11,915 5,900 6,015 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 11,765 5,825 5,940 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 105 60 45 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 5 0 5 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 35 10 25 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 110 60 50 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 11,915 5,900 6,015 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 11,800 5,850 5,950 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 10,905 5,435 5,470 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 10,765 5,365 5,405 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 135 70 65 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 900 415 480 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 55 20 35 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 20 10 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 5 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 5 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 35 5 30 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 5 25 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 25 5 20 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 0 5 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 5 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 840 395 445 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 5 5 5 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 5 0 5 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 0 0 0 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 95 25 65 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 5 0 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 15 55 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 0 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 0 5 0 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 5 5 0 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 0 0 0 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 645 325 320 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 65 30 35 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 5 0 0 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 0 0 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 65 25 40 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 5 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 10 5 5 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 5 0 0 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 10 0 10 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 5 5 5 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 5 5 0 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 5 5 5 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 15 10 10 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 185 80 105 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 10 5 0 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 10 0 5 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 25 10 15 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 125 50 75 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 5 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 0 0 0 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 290 170 120 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 285 165 125 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 0 0 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 5 0 0 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 15 10 5 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 270 150 115 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 0 0 0 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 0 0 0 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 105 50 55 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 50 25 25 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 35 20 15 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 5 0 0 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 15 5 15 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 10 5 5 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 10 10 5 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 0 0 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 0 0 0 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 0 0 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 50 25 25 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 50 25 25 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 30 15 15 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 15 5 10 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 0 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 0 0 0 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 5 0 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 0 5 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 15 0 15 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 0 0 0 705 295 410
Finnish 10 0 5 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 10 5 5 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 115 50 65 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 25 10 15 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 90 40 50 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 0 5 0 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 11,915 5,900 6,015 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 11,755 5,825 5,930 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 11,430 5,660 5,780 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 11,415 5,650 5,770 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 20 10 10 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 320 170 155 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 5 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 5 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 310 160 150 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 5 0 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 0 5 0 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 5 0 5 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 0 0 0 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 40 10 30 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 25 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5 0 0 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 5 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 215 120 95 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5 0 0 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5 0 0 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 0 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 0 0 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 0 0 0 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 0 0 0 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 0 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 0 0 0 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 15 10 5 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 0 0 0 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 15 10 5 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 180 100 85 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 180 100 80 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 0 0 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 5 5 5 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 180 95 80 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 0 0 0 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 0 0 0 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 20 5 5 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 10 5 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 0 0 5 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 0 0 0 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 5 5 0 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 10 0 5 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 10 5 0 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 5 0 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 0 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 25 15 15 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 30 15 15 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 10 5 10 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 10 10 5 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 0 0 0 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 0 0 0 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 160 75 85 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 5 0 0 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 150 70 80 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 11,920 5,900 6,015 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 11,410 5,670 5,740 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 130 75 55 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 60 20 40 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 305 130 175 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 45 15 30 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 260 110 145 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 0 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 10 5 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 5 0 0 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,880 4,870 5,015 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,505 4,715 4,795 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,130 44,915 23,756 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,520 4,720 4,800 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,499 39,261 22,802 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 8,180 4,235 3,940 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,284 44,855 20,832 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,900 3,035 3,870 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,527 9,677 7,914 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,800 3,625 3,170 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,891 50,790 21,943 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 9,815 4,885 4,930 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,420 4,700 4,725 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,627 53,387 29,919 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,425 4,700 4,720 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,316 43,869 26,797 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 8,105 4,220 3,885 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,607 52,536 27,655 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,885 3,070 3,810 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,172 9,550 8,868 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,800 3,635 3,165 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,981 53,955 28,228 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 9,815 4,885 4,925 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 2,805 1,690 1,115 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,028 74,310 43,411 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,615 74,987 46,337 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.2 88.4 76.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 77.5 62.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.8 11.5 23.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 9,885 4,870 5,015 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 375 155 220 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 9,505 4,715 4,795 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.8 95.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,280 445 835 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 1,830 645 1,185 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 1,500 610 890 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 1,130 480 650 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 745 335 415 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 605 350 255 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 570 375 195 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 495 345 145 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 380 290 90 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 325 265 60 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 655 575 80 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 535 470 65 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 125 105 15 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 9,880 4,870 5,010 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 365 150 215 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 9,520 4,720 4,795 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.9 95.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,315 465 850 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 1,925 710 1,220 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 1,765 720 1,040 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 1,175 510 665 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 875 455 415 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 770 515 255 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 560 415 150 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 505 395 110 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 630 545 85 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 290 255 35 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 130 110 20 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 210 180 25 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 9,880 4,870 5,010 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 3,085 1,240 1,840 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 6,795 3,625 3,170 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.8 74.4 63.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,125 505 625 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 495 220 275 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 940 360 580 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 765 280 485 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 595 235 365 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 440 195 245 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 390 210 180 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 475 330 140 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 430 310 115 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 1,140 985 160 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 350 270 75 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 255 220 35 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 540 490 55 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,651  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,349  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,689  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,809  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,642  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,342  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,676  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,998  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,016  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,248  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 38,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,223  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,581  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,117  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,042  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,023  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,646  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,305 1,180 1,130 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,528 33,126 24,213 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,496 29,269 23,437 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 2,395 1,250 1,145 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,821 43,367 31,744 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,662 36,467 28,494 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 11,870 5,875 5,995 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,515 3,020 3,495 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 1,480 670 810 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 1,550 660 890 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 1,235 585 655 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 1,075 525 555 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 1,175 580 595 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 5,355 2,850 2,500 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 1,055 555 495 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 1,225 630 595 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 1,170 635 535 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 1,180 635 545 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 725 395 330 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 11,870 5,870 6,000 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 2,420 1,225 1,195 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 720 365 360 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 7,270 3,610 3,660 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 2,180 1,035 1,145 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,270 995 1,280 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 595 290 305 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 190 95 100 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 1,225 540 685 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 450 160 290 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.1 17.0 21.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 24.6 23.7 25.5 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 26.4 26.0 27.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.9 15.0 18.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 20.6 15.5 25.3 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 945 430 515 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 220 95 125 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 70 30 40 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 675 320 360 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 50 20 30 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.0 7.3 8.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.1 7.8 10.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.7 8.2 11.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 8.9 9.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.3 1.9 2.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 11,695 5,850 5,840 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 11,630 5,825 5,810 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 11,625 5,825 5,800 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 510 215 290 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 1,220 600 620 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 105 45 55 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 30 25 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 25 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 15 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 20 50 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 70 20 50 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 60 10 45 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 15 10 10 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,120 555 565 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 10 0 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 10 0 0 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 0 0 0 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 0 0 0 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 60 20 45 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 0 0 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 10 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 15 45 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 0 0 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 0 0 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 890 465 425 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 75 30 45 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 70 30 45 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 0 0 0 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 15 0 10 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 0 0 0 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 25 10 15 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 10 10 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 0 0 0 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 25 10 15 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 205 100 105 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 10 15 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 0 0 0 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 30 20 15 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 160 60 95 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 0 0 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 0 10 0 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 475 280 195 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 475 280 195 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 10 0 10 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 95 55 40 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 460 275 180 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 0 0 0 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 0 0 0 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 145 50 95 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 35 10 30 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 40 15 25 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 0 0 0 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 75 30 45 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 35 15 20 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 0 0 0 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 0 0 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 20 0 15 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 0 0 0 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 100 55 50 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 100 55 45 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 50 30 25 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 45 25 20 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 10 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 0 0 0 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 0 0 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 15 10 15 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 15 0 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 10 0 0 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 11,695 5,855 5,840 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 11,490 5,755 5,735 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,300 1,160 1,140 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,190 4,595 4,600 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 200 100 105 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 11,695 5,855 5,840 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 10,755 5,450 5,305 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 890 380 510 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 535 225 315 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 90 40 50 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 105 45 60 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 95 30 60 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 40 10 35 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 55 25 25 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 65 30 30 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 45 25 20 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 890 380 515 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 90 30 55 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 195 85 110 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 250 105 145 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 295 120 170 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 65 35 35 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 890 380 515 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 110 40 80 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 10 0 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 10 0 0 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 0 0 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 0 0 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 0 0 0 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 10 0 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 80 25 55 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 345 125 220 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 0 0 0 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 10 0 10 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 50 20 35 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 0 0 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 10 10 0 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 20 10 15 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 35 15 15 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 10 0 0 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 20 10 10 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 0 0 0 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 0 0 0 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 0 0 0 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 140 35 100 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 55 25 30 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 15 15 0 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 0 0 0 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 15 10 0 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 0 10 0 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 405 195 210 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 50 25 25 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 10 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 280 150 125 162,650 79,395 83,245
Iran