Census Profile, 2016 Census
Red Deer [Population centre], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Red Deer
Alberta
[Population centre]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Red Deer [Population centre], Alberta  Map : Red Deer [Population centre], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 99,718 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 89,715 r ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.1 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,989 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,704 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,585.2 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 62.91 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 99,720 49,345 50,370 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 18,565 9,540 9,030 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 6,320 3,270 3,055 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 6,515 3,345 3,175 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 5,730 2,925 2,805 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 69,270 34,610 34,660 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 5,990 3,095 2,895 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 7,000 3,480 3,525 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 8,185 4,185 4,000 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 8,435 4,270 4,160 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 7,590 3,815 3,775 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 6,820 3,530 3,290 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 6,215 3,065 3,150 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 6,680 3,220 3,460 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 6,845 3,295 3,550 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 5,510 2,660 2,855 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 11,880 5,190 6,685 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 3,985 1,895 2,100 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 2,660 1,230 1,430 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 2,020 845 1,175 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 1,545 660 885 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 1,665 565 1,105 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 1,105 440 670 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 445 100 340 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 95 20 75 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 20 5 20 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.6 19.3 17.9 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 69.5 70.1 68.8 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 11.9 10.5 13.3 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.7 1.1 2.2 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 37.6 36.6 38.6 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.1 35.1 37.0 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 39,705 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,860 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 585 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,180 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,210 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 4,010 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,515 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,415 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,080 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 39,705 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 10,605 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 13,955 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 6,265 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 5,530 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,355 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,775 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 81,145 39,800 41,340 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 45,630 22,840 22,795 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 37,020 18,540 18,485 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 8,610 4,300 4,310 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 35,520 16,965 18,550 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 23,220 12,885 10,340 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 2,305 965 1,340 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 6,155 2,355 3,805 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 3,835 760 3,070 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,965 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 13,775 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 5,700 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 5,135 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,355 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,965 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 22,270 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 17,965 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,305 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,695 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 3,755 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 935 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,270 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 10,915 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 11,355 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 4,350 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 4,765 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 2,245 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,695 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 2,860 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 1,345 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 490 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 20,090 10,350 9,745 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 39,705 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 25,590 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,410 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 15,180 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 675 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,435 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 10,605 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,835 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 98,340 48,740 49,600 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 92,085 45,885 46,200 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 75 35 40 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 5,405 2,470 2,940 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 770 350 420 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 98,335 48,740 49,595 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 96,155 47,680 48,475 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 1,225 630 600 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 205 90 110 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 755 340 415 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,330 670 655 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.3 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 98,340 48,740 49,600 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 96,600 47,890 48,705 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 83,335 41,435 41,905 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 82,030 40,775 41,260 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 1,305 660 650 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 13,260 6,460 6,805 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 90 35 60 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 75 25 45 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 15 40 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 50 15 35
Plains Cree 10 5 10 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 5 0 5 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 35 10 20 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 15 10 10 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 5 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 5 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 10 5 5 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 5 0 5 350 165 185
Stoney 5 0 5 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,175 6,425 6,745 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 710 395 315 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 5 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 75 40 30 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 15 5 5 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 65 35 25 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 635 350 285 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 25 5 15 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 550 310 240 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 10 5 5 960 505 460
Maltese 0 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 50 25 30 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 300 145 155 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 25 35 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 235 115 120 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 4,245 1,925 2,320 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 25 10 10 425 205 225
Cebuano 125 45 70 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 0 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 40 10 25 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 235 105 130 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 15 10 5 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 25 15 765 370 390
Pangasinan 15 5 5 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,720 1,685 2,035 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 980 430 550
Creole languages 25 10 10 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 135 70 60 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 5 5 5 535 270 265
Malayalam 50 30 25 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 55 25 25 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 20 15 5 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 6,135 3,100 3,040 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 0 0 5 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 40 20 20 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 1,535 755 780 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 25 15 10 1,010 475 535
Latvian 15 10 5 415 195 220
Lithuanian 15 5 5 600 285 315
Slavic languages 1,510 745 765 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 75 35 40 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 25 5 20 1,545 790 755
Croatian 40 15 25 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 40 20 25 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 0 0 5 360 185 175
Polish 180 100 80 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 365 170 195 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 55 35 25 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 970 480 485
Slovak 25 5 10 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 695 320 370
Ukrainian 675 350 330 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 215 120 100
Celtic languages 20 10 10 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 135 70 65
Welsh 10 5 5 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,170 565 605 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 90 40 45 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 55 30 30 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 360 170 190 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 10 5 0 360 200 160
German 615 295 320 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 15 5 10 815 370 445
Swedish 20 10 5 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 55 30 25
Greek 35 15 25 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 1,310 690 625 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 935 495 440 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 50 25 25 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 80 40 40 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 225 125 105 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 0 0 0 370 190 185
Marathi 0 0 0 1,510 775 730
Nepali 20 10 15 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 110 105 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 15 5 5 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 30 25 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 265 145 120 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 365 185 175 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,550 845 705
Pashto 90 45 50 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 270 145 130 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 2,025 1,040 985 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 75 35 40 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 70 40 30 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 130 65 65 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 1,745 900 850 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 35 5 25 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 255 135 120 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 0 0 0 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 235 125 115 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 10 5 0 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 30 15 20 1,165 625 540
Lingala 10 5 5 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 10 0 805 405 400
Shona 10 5 5 1,100 545 555
Swahili 40 20 15 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 5 0 5 280 165 110
Yoruba 15 10 10 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 10 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 25 15 10 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 20 10 10 830 440 390
American Sign Language 5 0 5 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 805 375 430 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 795 370 430 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 460 220 235 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 0 0 5 990 465 530
Mandarin 265 115 150 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 20 30 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 0 0 5 430 230 200
Karenic languages 5 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 85 30 50 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 45 20 25 1,020 485 535
Thai 40 5 30 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 25 15 10 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 10 5 0 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 60
Uzbek 10 5 5 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 120 60 55 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 5 0 5 190 90 105
Finnish 20 10 15 810 330 480
Hungarian 90 50 40 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 690 415 280
Multiple responses 1,740 850 885 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 240 120 120 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 1,445 695 750 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 25 15 5 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 30 15 10 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 98,335 48,740 49,595 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 94,510 46,890 47,620 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 87,795 43,495 44,300 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 87,400 43,300 44,100 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 395 200 195 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 6,715 3,395 3,315 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 5 0 5 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 5 5 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,705 3,390 3,310 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 520 280 240 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 50 30 20 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 10 5 5 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 35 25 15 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 465 250 220 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 10 0 5 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 410 225 185 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 0 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 45 20 25 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 180 90 95 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 20 15 960 460 500
Vietnamese 150 70 80 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 2,110 1,025 1,085 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 5 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 40 20 20 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 470 215 255
Ilocano 95 45 50 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 5 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,940 945 1,000 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 280 120 155
Creole languages 15 10 5 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 85 35 40 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 5 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 40 25 20 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 30 15 15 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 5 0 5 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 2,885 1,495 1,390 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 0 0 0 1,060 570 485
Armenian 20 15 10 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 795 415 375 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 10 5 5 410 210 200
Latvian 5 5 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 5 5 5 250 125 120
Slavic languages 785 410 370 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 30 15 15 785 400 385
Bulgarian 10 5 10 825 415 405
Croatian 15 5 5 1,800 905 895
Czech 10 5 5 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 5 175 90 85
Polish 50 30 20 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 230 110 120 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 15 10 10 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 5 0 0 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 150 70 75
Ukrainian 405 225 175 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 5 5 5 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 5 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 115 55 60 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 45 20 25 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 15 10 10 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 45 25 25 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 10 5 5 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 780 405 375 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 535 285 250 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 35 20 20 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 50 25 25 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 105 60 40 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 0 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 5 0 5 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 140 70 65 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 20 1,480 750 730
Urdu 165 85 80 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 240 120 120 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 0 0 0 850 440 410
Pashto 45 20 25 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 195 95 100 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 1,155 590 565 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 15 5 10 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 35 15 15 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 60 30 30 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 1,055 540 510 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 0 0 0 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 200 105 95 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 80 40 40 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 5 5 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 15 5 10 265 125 145
Lingala 0 5 5 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 15 10 5 1,090 530 565
Wolof 5 5 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 0 0 5 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 1,525 765 755
Dinka 5 5 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 725 350 375
Sign languages 20 15 5 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 0 5 0 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 5 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 495 235 260 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 485 230 255 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 280 135 140 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 170 80 95 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 5 5 5 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 50 20 30 1,130 505 625
Lao 30 15 15 465 215 245
Thai 20 5 10 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 20 15 10 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 10 5 5 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 10 10 5 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 30 20 10 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 5 0 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 30 20 10 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 140 95
Multiple responses 3,830 1,845 1,980 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 140 60 80 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 3,610 1,755 1,855 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 10 0 5 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 60 30 35 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 98,335 48,740 49,595 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 90,235 44,770 45,465 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 3,185 1,625 1,560 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 885 435 450 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 3,910 1,845 2,065 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 90 35 50 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 3,820 1,810 2,010 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 15 5 5 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 70 35 40 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 35 20 15 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 79,240 39,060 40,180 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,095 37,525 38,565 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,028 53,491 32,369 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,110 37,535 38,575 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,600 45,827 29,725 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,900 35,805 35,100 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,089 52,724 30,549 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 45,710 17,845 27,855 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,678 4,997 4,553 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,895 31,925 29,965 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,041 52,597 31,088 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 79,190 39,025 40,165 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,125 37,400 38,725 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,397 73,226 42,108 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,135 37,410 38,735 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,963 58,292 36,022 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,915 35,705 35,210 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,846 72,817 40,650 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 45,925 18,005 27,920 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,369 7,724 7,141 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,915 31,865 30,045 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,047 67,216 38,017 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 79,190 39,025 40,165 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,245 15,300 11,945 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,449 70,379 48,325 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,719 84,449 55,411 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.1 94.9 87.4 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.9 77.6 70.5 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.9 5.1 12.6 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 79,240 39,060 40,180 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 3,145 1,530 1,615 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 76,095 37,530 38,565 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 96.0 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,785 3,190 5,600 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 9,720 3,550 6,175 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 9,885 3,640 6,245 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 8,790 3,645 5,145 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 7,735 3,555 4,180 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 6,455 3,235 3,220 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 5,115 2,870 2,245 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 4,080 2,590 1,490 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 3,235 2,045 1,185 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 2,795 1,790 1,005 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 9,495 7,420 2,075 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 6,270 4,730 1,540 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 3,225 2,690 535 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 79,240 39,060 40,180 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 3,130 1,525 1,600 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 76,115 37,535 38,575 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.0 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,015 3,250 5,765 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 10,180 3,730 6,455 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 11,645 4,390 7,250 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 10,700 4,715 5,985 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 9,100 4,485 4,615 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 6,960 3,890 3,070 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 5,065 3,215 1,845 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 3,855 2,525 1,335 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 9,595 7,335 2,260 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 2,940 1,995 945 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 1,800 1,390 415 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 4,855 3,950 905 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 79,240 39,060 40,180 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 17,345 7,135 10,210 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 61,895 31,925 29,965 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 78.1 81.7 74.6 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,420 2,665 3,755 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 4,150 1,645 2,505 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 7,065 2,715 4,345 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 6,460 2,560 3,895 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 6,825 2,865 3,960 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 6,010 2,825 3,180 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 5,040 2,590 2,450 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 3,985 2,330 1,655 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 3,300 2,170 1,135 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 12,640 9,565 3,075 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 2,685 1,770 910 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 2,415 1,575 835 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 7,545 6,215 1,330 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 39,705 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,616 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,754 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,600 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,461 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,077 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,100 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,013 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,956 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 39,695 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 110,075 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 90,081 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,590 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,966 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,685 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,105 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 129,034 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,506 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 39,705 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 470 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 380 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 435 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,115 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,600 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,195 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,270 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,375 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,420 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,365 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,725 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,590 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,570 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,365 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,250 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,570 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,880 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,630 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,325 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,730 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 39,705 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 500 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 390 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 465 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,170 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,745 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,370 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,500 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,655 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,795 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,630 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,285 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,195 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,015 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,920 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,475 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,605 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,900 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,075 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,630 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,915 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,512 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,593 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,205 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,624 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,384 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,395 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,793 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,606 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,380 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,026 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,072 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,985 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,306 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,566 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,160 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 118,932 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,388 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,410 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 159,253 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,794 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,410 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,938 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,098 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,660 9,165 8,495 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,066 44,668 34,217 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,728 38,803 31,072 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 17,525 8,960 8,565 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 51,757 59,312 43,851 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,023 48,406 37,390 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 97,780 48,580 49,200 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 40,915 19,240 21,675 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 7,350 3,445 3,905 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 7,890 3,530 4,365 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 8,005 3,720 4,290 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 8,480 4,065 4,410 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 9,190 4,480 4,710 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 56,865 29,345 27,520 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 9,810 4,920 4,895 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 10,130 5,125 5,005 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 11,055 5,690 5,365 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 12,300 6,365 5,930 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 13,575 7,245 6,330 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 97,780 48,585 49,200 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 22,045 11,305 10,735 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 7,545 3,900 3,645 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 65,175 32,475 32,705 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 10,555 4,805 5,755 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,865 4,495 5,365 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 3,205 1,695 1,510 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 1,165 610 550 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 5,795 2,525 3,270 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 865 280 585 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.1 9.3 10.9 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 15.0 14.1 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 15.4 15.6 15.1 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 7.8 10.0 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 8.2 5.8 10.2 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,035 2,870 3,170 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 1,845 1,000 845 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 660 340 320 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 4,010 1,790 2,215 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 185 70 105 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2 5.9 6.4 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 8.4 8.8 7.9 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 8.7 8.7 8.8 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 5.5 6.8 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.5 1.8 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 97,730 48,550 49,180 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 96,975 48,240 48,730 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 96,910 48,220 48,690 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 5,465 2,430 3,035 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 17,135 8,360 8,775 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 190 75 115 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 150 50 100 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 15 10 10 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 45 80 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 30 0 30 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 10 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 85 40 50 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 15 10 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 15 10 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 10 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 10 0 10 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 15 15 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 10 10 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 10 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,945 8,285 8,655 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 950 505 445 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 20 10 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 10 10 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 110 50 60 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 10 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 105 50 55 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 825 450 380 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 35 15 20 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 755 410 345 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 25 15 10 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 0 0 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 60 35 25 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 320 130 190 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 50 95 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 185 85 105 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 5,760 2,670 3,095 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 15 0 10 330 150 180
Cebuano 190 65 125 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 0 0 10 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 285 105 180 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 35 25 10 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 90 45 45 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 10 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,590 2,580 3,015 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 30 20 10 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 0 10 0 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 185 95 90 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 10 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 95 45 45 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 80 35 45 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 35 15 15 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 7,675 3,895 3,780 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 0 0 0 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 10 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 1,660 850 815 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 40 20 25 1,360 660 705
Latvian 25 15 10 590 300 290
Lithuanian 10 10 10 775 360 415
Slavic languages 1,630 835 795 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 70 35 40 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 15 15 0 1,795 945 850
Croatian 115 50 70 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 25 0 15 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 210 105 105 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 680 380 305 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 125 55 65 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 30 10 20 1,095 550 540
Slovak 10 0 10 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 735 360 375
Ukrainian 725 395 330 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 250 120 130
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 440 215 225
Welsh 15 10 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 1,360 670 690 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 130 65 65 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 40 10 30 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 285 115 170 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 10 10 10 475 275 205
German 885 480 405 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 10 0 10 1,450 635 810
Swedish 30 15 15 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 10 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 25 10 15 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 1,570 845 720 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 1,190 640 545 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 110 55 60 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 80 40 45 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 500 280 220 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 10 0 10 625 300 320
Marathi 10 0 10 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 10 10 10 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 370 205 165 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 20 15 10 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 60 50 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 255 145 105 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 385 210 175 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 65 35 35 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 335 185 150 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 3,200 1,595 1,610 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 155 75 80 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 140 50 90 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 205 105 100 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 2,765 1,390 1,380 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 250 130 125
Japanese 105 50 55 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 250 125 130 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 465 225 240 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 70 20 50 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 0 0 0 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 10 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 140 65 75 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 15 10 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 0 0 0 1,810 850 960
Swahili 85 50 30 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 55 25 30 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 50 45 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 35 30 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 65 35 30 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 200 100 105 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 100 50 45 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 45 60 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 950 470 480 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 940 460 475 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 595 300 295 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 10 10 0 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 365 165 205 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 10 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 20 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 10 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 10 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 105 35 65 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 60 30 30 1,520 730 795
Thai 40 10 35 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 25 15 10 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 630 325 300
Turkish 0 0 10 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 20 10 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 150 80 70 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 10 0 0 185 85 105
Finnish 35 20 20 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 110 60 50 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 97,730 48,550 49,180 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 89,515 44,555 44,965 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,390 10,445 9,950 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 69,130 34,115 35,020 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 8,215 3,995 4,210 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 97,730 48,550 49,175 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 81,770 40,740 41,035 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 14,560 7,145 7,415 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 2,210 1,075 1,130 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 1,105 550 565 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 1,555 735 815 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 4,455 2,190 2,270 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 1,545 790 750 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 2,915 1,400 1,515 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,230 2,595 2,635 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,400 665 730 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 14,560 7,150 7,415 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 1,225 625 595 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 2,950 1,575 1,370 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 2,655 1,275 1,375 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 6,665 3,140 3,525 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 1,075 525 550 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,560 7,145 7,415 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 2,290 1,115 1,180 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 30 0 25 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 310 155 155 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 605 325 285 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 45 20 25 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 0 0 0 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 15 10 10 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 135 55 80 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 20 0 15 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 40 10 30 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 640 270 365 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 440 260 180 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 3,235 1,610 1,625 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 85 25 60 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 60 20 35 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 15 0 10 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 325 180 145 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 15 0 10 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 50 25 20 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 45 20 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 60 30 30 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 265 125 140 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 145 70 75 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 45 20 20 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 175 90 85 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 125 55 75 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 25 25 0 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 410 240 175 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,070 505 570 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 300 140 155 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 1,125 610 515 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 30 10 10 1,340 715 625
Egypt 55 40 15 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 40 15 20 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 25 15 10 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 20 15 10 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 190 100 85 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 65 40 25 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 130 55 75 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 575 305 270 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 7,770 3,755 4,015 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 170 100 65 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 55 30 25 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 410 200 215 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 130 65 65 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 605 345 260 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 65 30 35 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 15 10 10 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 20 0 20 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 165 80 85 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 75 35 35 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 230 125 105 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 4,825 2,260 2,560 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 100 60 45 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 190 90 100 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 10 0 0 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 250 115 130 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 460 205 255 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 145 55 85 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,230 2,595 2,635 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 460 235 225 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 10 0 10 860 370 490
Colombia 45 20 25 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 10 10 0 465 215 255
Haiti 0 0 0 385 240 150
Jamaica 10 0 10 1,660 765 895
Mexico 80 35 45 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 90 55 35 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 215 115 100 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 570 335 235 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 0 0 0 425 240 180
Germany 20 15 10 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 10 15 715 365 350
Romania 50 20 30 1,100 545 555
Russian Federation 30 10 15