Census Profile, 2016 Census
Sarnia [Population centre], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sarnia
Ontario
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Sarnia [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Sarnia [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 72,125 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 73,044 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 33,599 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 32,156 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,376.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 52.40 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 72,130 34,935 37,195 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 10,785 5,415 5,370 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 3,450 1,730 1,725 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 3,805 1,890 1,915 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 3,530 1,800 1,730 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 45,955 22,630 23,325 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 3,905 1,980 1,920 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 4,565 2,375 2,185 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 4,455 2,270 2,185 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 4,225 2,135 2,090 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 3,845 1,825 2,025 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 3,990 1,975 2,015 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 4,200 2,055 2,145 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 5,255 2,500 2,755 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 5,900 2,825 3,075 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 5,610 2,690 2,925 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 15,390 6,885 8,505 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 4,845 2,345 2,500 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,585 1,700 1,885 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,630 1,160 1,470 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,120 895 1,215 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,205 775 1,430 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,405 555 855 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 635 185 450 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 145 30 115 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 5 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.5 14.4 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.7 64.8 62.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.3 19.7 22.9 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.1 2.2 3.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.7 42.6 44.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.4 43.8 47.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 32,155 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,415 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,905 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,795 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,325 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,755 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 825 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,825 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 40 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 32,155 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 10,650 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 11,875 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 4,305 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 3,625 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,700 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 70,925 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 61,345 29,515 31,830 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 34,440 17,205 17,225 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 28,670 14,330 14,340 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 5,765 2,880 2,885 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 26,910 12,305 14,600 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 15,685 8,610 7,070 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,235 950 1,285 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,390 1,790 2,595 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,595 945 3,645 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 20,755 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 11,895 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 4,140 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 3,360 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,365 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 20,760 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 16,920 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 14,035 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,880 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,835 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,040 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 795 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 16,920 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 9,595 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 7,330 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 3,030 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 3,035 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,260 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,835 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,300 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,105 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 425 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,100 6,750 7,350 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 32,155 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 20,170 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,385 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,785 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 290 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,695 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 10,650 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,045 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 71,260 34,620 36,640 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 65,595 32,145 33,450 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 40 25 20 1,810 820 985
English and French 5,395 2,360 3,035 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 235 90 145 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 71,260 34,620 36,640 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 69,330 33,760 35,580 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,585 725 865 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 110 50 60 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 230 85 140 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,645 750 895 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.3 2.2 2.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 71,260 34,620 36,640 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 70,465 34,240 36,225 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 64,815 31,470 33,340 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 63,105 30,705 32,400 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,705 770 940 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 5,655 2,765 2,885 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 10 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 15 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,635 2,760 2,875 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 245 130 115 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 5 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 240 125 115 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 5 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 205 105 100 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 10 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 30 40 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 70 30 35 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 205 70 135 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 10 5 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 10 5 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 5 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 55 115 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 5 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 130 85 45 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 50 35 15 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 35 20 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 40 25 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 4,305 2,115 2,190 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 10 10 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 15 10 10 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 680 300 375 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 20 10 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 5 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 660 295 365 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 5 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 0 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 55 25 25 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 45 15 30 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 10 5 325 160 165
Polish 280 125 155 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 55 20 35 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 20 10 15 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 75 35 40 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 10 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 80 30 45 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,045 490 555 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 10 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 30 15 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 570 260 305 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 30 15 15 295 145 145
German 380 185 195 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 5 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 190 105 80 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 735 400 335 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 650 360 295 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 30 15 10 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 265 140 125 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 110 65 45 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 10 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 25 15 5 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 65 50 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 105 50 55 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 80 45 40 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 10 5 10 1,765 945 825
Pashto 10 5 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 60 30 25 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,620 790 830 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 840 440 400 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 355 165 195 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 40 10 25 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 380 170 210 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 20 10 10 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 75 30 40 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 45 30 15 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 5 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 0 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 20 15 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 360 170 190 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 340 165 180 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 135 70 65 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 5 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 175 75 100 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 25 10 10 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 5 5 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 25 15 10 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 530 290 235
Turkish 15 5 5 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 120 60 60 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 5 5 705 295 410
Finnish 30 15 15 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 90 45 40 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 795 385 410 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 260 110 150 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 490 250 240 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 15 10 5 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 25 10 15 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 71,260 34,620 36,640 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 70,165 34,100 36,065 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 68,265 33,195 35,070 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 67,810 32,995 34,810 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 455 200 260 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 1,900 905 995 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,900 900 990 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 110 50 60 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 110 50 60 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 90 40 50 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 5 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 20 20 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 40 20 15 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 70 30 35 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 30 25 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 80 50 30 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 45 30 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 25 10 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,260 580 680 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 5 5 0 695 335 360
Armenian 5 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 130 60 75 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 130 60 70 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 15 5 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 10 0 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 60 30 30 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 15 5 5 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 5 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 15 10 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 5 5 0 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 55 25 30 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 5 0 10 5 5
German 35 15 20 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 85 45 40 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 395 210 190 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 360 190 165 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 5 0 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 175 90 85 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 50 30 20 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 0 40 25 25
Marathi 15 10 5 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 35 25 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 45 25 20 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 40 20 20 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 30 15 15 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 585 245 340 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 230 90 140 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 150 60 90 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 10 5 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 195 90 105 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 10 5 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 45 25 25 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 5 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 140 60 75
Dinka 5 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 15 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 220 105 115 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 205 100 105 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 75 35 40 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 115 60 60 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 5 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 20 10 10 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 15 5 10 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,095 520 575 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 115 40 75 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 950 460 485 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 10 10 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 71,260 34,620 36,640 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 66,860 32,575 34,290 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,070 510 560 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,230 505 725 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,025 995 1,030 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 50 20 35 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,970 970 995 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 5 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 25 10 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 50 25 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 60,155 29,085 31,065 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,970 28,175 29,795 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,038 46,298 26,510 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 58,015 28,175 29,840 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,916 40,853 24,518 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 51,470 25,600 25,870 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,684 43,876 22,837 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 43,855 19,945 23,905 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,946 8,046 7,871 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 40,350 21,585 18,760 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,863 38,394 24,036 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 60,215 29,165 31,055 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,875 28,205 29,670 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,865 62,451 35,948 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,945 28,210 29,740 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,995 49,800 30,695 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 51,405 25,660 25,745 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,517 61,995 33,088 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 43,745 19,940 23,805 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,810 8,565 9,015 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 40,400 21,675 18,725 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,037 56,819 33,553 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 60,220 29,160 31,055 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 17,380 9,910 7,470 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,443 71,743 43,741 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,824 85,822 53,246 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.4 90.4 79.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.6 69.8 58.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.6 9.6 20.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 60,150 29,090 31,065 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,180 915 1,265 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 57,970 28,175 29,795 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.9 95.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,175 3,320 4,855 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 9,800 3,475 6,320 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 8,260 2,930 5,330 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 6,490 2,730 3,760 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 5,550 2,600 2,950 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 4,225 2,365 1,860 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 3,280 1,990 1,290 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 2,550 1,660 890 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,045 1,345 700 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 1,100 640 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,855 4,660 1,200 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,720 2,890 830 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,130 1,770 365 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 60,155 29,090 31,065 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,140 910 1,220 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 58,020 28,180 29,840 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.9 96.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,585 3,360 5,225 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 10,250 3,655 6,600 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 9,465 3,500 5,960 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 7,540 3,300 4,240 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 6,040 3,175 2,870 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 4,420 2,680 1,740 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,190 2,135 1,060 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,655 1,770 895 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,860 4,605 1,260 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,700 1,225 475 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,170 900 275 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,990 2,475 515 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 60,155 29,090 31,065 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 19,805 7,500 12,300 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 40,350 21,585 18,760 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.1 74.2 60.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,670 4,380 3,290 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 3,225 1,355 1,875 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 4,970 1,920 3,050 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 4,365 1,725 2,640 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 3,870 1,655 2,220 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 3,060 1,480 1,580 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 2,340 1,285 1,045 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,845 1,115 730 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,510 970 535 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 7,495 5,700 1,795 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,435 935 495 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,395 870 525 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,675 3,900 775 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 32,160 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,635 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,647 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,650 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,024 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,828 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 21,505 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,603 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,492 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 32,165 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,923 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,055 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,650 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,581 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,974 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 21,510 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,400 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,439 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 32,155 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 360 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 585 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,145 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,375 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,585 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,355 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,485 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,445 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,390 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,335 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,495 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,285 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,100 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,850 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,635 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,735 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,115 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,095 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,375 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,145 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 32,155 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 385 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 595 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,160 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,430 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,800 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,560 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,675 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,640 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,705 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,540 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,980 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,605 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,430 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,960 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,650 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,045 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,960 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,705 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,385 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 20,715 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,387 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,023 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,230 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,725 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,185 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 7,410 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,728 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,609 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,645 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,912 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,665 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 20,710 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,593 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,214 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,230 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,363 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,002 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 7,375 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,651 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,212 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,670 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,368 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,307 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,960 6,255 6,705 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,145 34,964 29,894 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,241 31,543 27,668 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,960 6,325 6,640 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,098 47,627 38,785 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,276 39,161 33,528 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 70,925 34,500 36,420 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 34,180 15,790 18,390 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,575 3,600 3,975 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 7,040 2,955 4,090 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 6,655 3,045 3,610 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 6,315 2,970 3,345 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 6,590 3,220 3,370 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 36,750 18,715 18,035 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 6,580 3,285 3,295 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 7,370 3,655 3,710 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 7,415 3,810 3,610 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 7,600 3,925 3,675 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 7,780 4,035 3,740 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 70,925 34,500 36,425 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 13,035 6,590 6,450 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 4,150 2,080 2,065 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 43,480 21,330 22,145 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 14,410 6,585 7,830 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,030 4,930 6,095 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,775 1,370 1,400 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,050 520 530 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 6,810 3,120 3,690 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,450 435 1,010 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 14.3 16.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 21.3 20.8 21.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 25.3 25.0 25.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.7 14.6 16.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.1 6.6 12.9 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,105 2,970 3,135 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,335 640 695 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 510 240 270 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 4,495 2,225 2,270 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 275 105 175 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 9.7 10.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 11.5 13.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.3 10.4 10.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 70,985 34,545 36,445 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 70,735 34,425 36,310 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 70,710 34,415 36,295 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 5,510 2,440 3,070 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 7,320 3,550 3,770 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 95 25 70 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 100 25 70 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 25 70 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 95 30 70 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,220 3,525 3,700 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 470 275 195 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 10 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 10 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 460 265 195 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 0 10 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 405 225 180 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 10 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 10 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 15 0 15 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 30 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 25 20 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 35 20 15 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 290 110 180 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 15 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 15 10 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 20 15 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 270 95 175 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 10 15 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 0 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 175 135 35 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 10 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 80 65 20 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 40 30 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 70 55 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 5,480 2,640 2,840 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 25 15 10 1,640 840 795
Armenian 15 10 10 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 775 345 430 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 20 10 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 10 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 755 340 415 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 15 10 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 40 25 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 40 15 30 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 40 20 20 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 20 15 0 400 220 185
Polish 330 165 170 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 125 45 80 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 25 10 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 85 30 55 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 15 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 90 35 55 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 25 20 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 15 0 660 395 265
Welsh 15 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,325 635 690 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 10 0 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 10 10 10 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 670 315 360 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 50 30 20 465 230 240
German 605 295 310 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 15 15 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 245 145 100 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 995 550 445 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 895 500 395 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 45 30 20 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 345 200 145 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 500 295 210 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 15 0 10 415 215 200
Marathi 10 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165 75 90 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 170 85 85 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 110 55 55 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 30 10 15 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 35 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,175 990 1,185 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,015 490 520 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 365 145 220 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 45 15 30 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 795 360 440 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 90 70 20 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 65 30 30 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 165 85 85 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 15 10 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 10 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 115 50 70 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 15 15 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 80 35 45 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 20 0 20 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 410 180 230 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 370 160 205 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 145 75 70 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 210 80 130 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 15 20 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 35 15 20 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 10 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 15 0 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 20 10 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 15 0 10 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 110 60 50 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 10 10 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 100 50 50 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 70,985 34,545 36,445 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 68,720 33,480 35,245 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,875 6,455 6,420 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 55,840 27,020 28,820 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,265 1,065 1,200 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 70,985 34,540 36,445 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 61,715 30,135 31,575 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,725 4,050 4,675 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 5,315 2,560 2,760 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 940 355 585 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 875 400 470 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,110 515 600 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 515 245 275 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 595 270 325 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 480 220 260 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 545 360 190 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,720 4,050 4,680 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,195 545 645 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,655 880 775 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,280 980 1,305 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,125 1,425 1,695 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 475 220 250 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,725 4,050 4,675 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,595 600 995 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 0 10 0 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 40 15 25 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 90 45 45 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 0 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 115 60 50 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 60 30 30 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 10 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 65 30 40 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 970 295 675 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 220 110 110 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 5,000 2,420 2,580 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 0 15 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 20 10 15 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 45 25 20 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 320 135 185 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 145 80 65 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 80 50 35 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 105 55 50 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 610 315 290 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 565 300 265 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 200 90 110 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 210 85 130 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 45 15 30 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 25 10 10 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 20 0 15 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 15 0 15 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,270 1,105 1,165 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 305 145 165 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 315 165 150 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 30 15 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 15 10 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 10 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 15 20 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 10 10 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 25 15 10 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 210 105 110 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,775 835 945 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 15 10 10 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 200 55 145 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 45 25 15 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 460 230 225 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 75 45 30 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 155 85 65 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 15 0 0 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 60 30 35 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 45 20 25 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 115 50 60 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 270 105 165 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 40 20 15 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 10 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 65 25 45 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 210 105 105 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 35 30 0 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 480 220 260 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 110 60 55 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 10 0 625 355 265
Mexico 10 10 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 80 30 50 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 15 10 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 75 20 55 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 0 10 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation 10 10 0 1,735 620