Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saskatoon [Population centre], Saskatchewan and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatoon
Saskatchewan
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Saskatoon [Population centre], Saskatchewan  Map : Saskatoon [Population centre], Saskatchewan
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 245,181 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 220,546 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 106,637 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 98,155 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,953.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 125.50 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 245,180 119,990 125,190 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 44,135 22,660 21,475 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 15,560 7,945 7,615 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 14,915 7,680 7,235 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 13,655 7,030 6,630 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 167,835 83,325 84,505 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 14,360 7,245 7,110 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 19,415 9,635 9,780 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 21,635 10,910 10,730 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 20,085 9,965 10,125 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 17,240 8,660 8,580 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 15,220 7,585 7,635 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 14,660 7,350 7,310 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 16,205 8,000 8,210 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 15,630 7,575 8,055 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 13,375 6,405 6,970 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 33,215 14,005 19,210 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 10,080 4,720 5,355 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 6,940 3,170 3,770 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 5,760 2,370 3,390 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,800 1,920 2,880 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 5,640 1,820 3,820 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,385 1,215 2,170 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,655 485 1,170 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 515 105 405 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 85 15 75 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.9 17.2 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.4 67.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.5 11.7 15.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.5 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 38.2 37.0 39.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 35.8 34.8 36.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 98,155 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 55,060 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,270 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 38,460 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,860 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 6,555 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,395 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,605 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 40 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 370 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 98,155 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 28,405 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 33,040 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 14,915 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 13,135 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,660 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 240,340 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 201,045 97,330 103,715 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 111,070 55,655 55,410 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 93,250 46,725 46,525 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 17,820 8,935 8,890 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 89,980 41,680 48,300 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 62,955 33,305 29,650 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 4,390 1,880 2,510 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 11,865 4,555 7,310 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 10,770 1,945 8,830 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 64,990 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 32,445 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 13,685 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 12,505 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,350 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 64,990 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 53,990 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 45,080 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,905 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,995 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 8,760 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 2,240 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 53,990 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 25,950 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 28,045 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 10,675 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 11,515 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 5,850 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 11,000 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 6,495 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 3,010 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,490 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 50,260 24,490 25,770 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 98,155 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 61,495 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 24,770 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 36,725 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,695 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 34,960 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 28,405 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,560 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 241,715 118,585 123,130 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 222,115 109,815 112,305 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 135 60 70 1,110 530 580
English and French 16,010 7,150 8,860 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 3,455 1,560 1,900 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 241,715 118,585 123,125 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 234,555 115,275 119,275 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,000 1,405 1,600 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 815 400 415 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 3,345 1,505 1,845 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,405 1,605 1,805 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 241,715 118,585 123,130 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 236,250 116,005 120,250 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 190,460 93,730 96,735 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 187,230 92,215 95,015 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,235 1,515 1,725 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 45,790 22,275 23,510 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 1,265 525 740 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 1,015 415 600 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 855 345 510 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 250 105 145 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 30 15 10 5
Woods Cree 70 30 35 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 485 190 300 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 155 75 85 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 155 70 85 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 190 80 110 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 190 80 110 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 190 80 110 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 5 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 25 10 15 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 5 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 20 10 10 25 10 10
Dakota 15 5 5 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 5 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 44,525 21,755 22,770 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,360 1,730 1,630 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 385 180 200 1,355 675 680
Bilen 25 10 10 5 0 0
Oromo 140 75 70 165 95 75
Somali 205 85 115 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,955 1,530 1,430 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 140 60 80 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,940 1,025 915 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 145 135 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 440 240 195
Harari 0 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 25 15 15 1,770 960 805
Maltese 10 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 290 140 150 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,115 545 575 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 40 30 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,045 510 540 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 7,815 3,680 4,135 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 30 15 20 310 140 170
Cebuano 505 225 285 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 70 35 35 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 240 115 125 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 55 25 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 30 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,735 3,185 3,550 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 25 15 15 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 830 360 470
Creole languages 65 30 35 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 30 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 510 275 235 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 30 15 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 230 125 105 1,750 905 845
Tamil 150 85 65 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 90 45 50 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 22,445 10,935 11,515 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 80 45 40 1,090 560 530
Armenian 45 25 20 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 5,550 2,455 3,100 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 55 30 25 645 280 370
Latvian 40 20 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 5,495 2,420 3,075 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 115 55 60 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 25 15 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 135 70 60 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 55 25 30 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 45 20 20 250 120 135
Polish 585 255 325 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,020 470 550 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 170 95 75 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 70 30 35 1,145 545 600
Slovak 30 15 20 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 3,155 1,325 1,830 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 10 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 3,645 1,605 2,040 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 150 70 80 1,435 730 705
Danish 65 30 30 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 320 155 165 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 0 80 30 50
German 2,965 1,295 1,670 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 15 5 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 75 25 50 835 410 430
Swedish 35 15 20 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 205 110 100 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 10,215 5,375 4,845 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 8,960 4,700 4,260 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,660 900 765 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 735 395 340 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 540 300 235 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 5 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 55 35 25 535 280 255
Nepali 325 165 160 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,955 1,065 895 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 95 50 45 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 215 105 105 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,340 1,670 1,670 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,110 595 510 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 55 35 20 1,650 875 780
Pashto 280 155 130 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 770 410 360 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,690 1,325 1,365 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 200 100 95 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 340 135 205 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 355 185 170 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,795 900 895 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 150 50 95 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 445 200 245 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 30 10 20 340 145 200
Mongolian 35 15 25 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 855 455 400 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 75 50 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 20 10 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 10 10 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 60 40 25 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 25 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 20 30 105 45 55
Shona 45 20 25 150 70 85
Swahili 160 90 75 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 210 105 105 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 80 80 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 60 265 135 135
Dinka 40 20 20 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 190 85 100
Sign languages 85 40 40 620 330 295
American Sign Language 35 20 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 25 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,700 3,345 3,360 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 6,375 3,170 3,205 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,840 905 925 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 15 10 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 4,070 2,035 2,035 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 325 155 170 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 325 170 155 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 95 60 30 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 215 105 115 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 5 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 200 80 110 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 130 65 70 800 405 400
Thai 65 20 40 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 175 95 85 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 25 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 130 75 55 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 395 185 205 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 10 5 10 455 195 260
Finnish 35 10 20 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 350 170 180 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 365 200 170
Multiple responses 5,460 2,585 2,880 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 570 255 315 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 4,675 2,225 2,455 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 80 40 45 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 125 65 60 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 241,715 118,585 123,125 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 229,995 112,865 117,125 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 205,880 100,825 105,055 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 204,970 100,380 104,585 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 915 440 470 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 24,115 12,045 12,070 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 345 165 185 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 265 120 140 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 235 105 135 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 65 25 40 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 145 65 80 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 20 15 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 75 40 35 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 35 35 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 75 40 40 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,765 11,875 11,890 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,295 1,155 1,145 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 250 120 130 695 315 380
Bilen 10 5 10 0 0 0
Oromo 110 60 60 80 40 35
Somali 115 50 65 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 2,040 1,035 1,010 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 65 35 35 535 250 290
Arabic 1,400 720 680 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 210 100 110 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 60 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 10 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 170 80 90 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 755 360 395 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 620 290 330
Vietnamese 730 350 380 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 4,170 2,025 2,140 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 190 95 100 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 40 25 15 355 150 205
Ilocano 65 35 35 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 20 5 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,790 1,835 1,960 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 260 130 130
Creole languages 30 15 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 255 135 125 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 145 80 70 885 450 435
Tamil 60 35 25 1,935 965 965
Telugu 35 15 20 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 10,310 5,245 5,065 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 40 25 20 530 255 270
Armenian 35 20 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,875 925 950 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 35 10 20 160 75 90
Latvian 25 10 15 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,840 915 930 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 60 30 30 540 270 270
Bulgarian 15 5 10 925 425 495
Croatian 40 20 20 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 5 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 20 20 120 60 60
Polish 200 90 105 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 590 300 290 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 130 70 60 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 435 205 235
Slovak 15 10 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 680 335 350 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 320 165 155 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 75 40 35 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 20 10 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 215 105 110 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 100 40 55 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 6,655 3,425 3,225 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 5,870 3,030 2,845 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,180 610 565 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 515 265 245 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 295 155 135 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 30 15 15 245 125 120
Nepali 215 110 105 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,320 715 605 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 45 20 25 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 50 595 290 305
Urdu 2,170 1,075 1,095 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 705 355 345 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 35 20 15 1,025 515 505
Pashto 175 85 85 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 495 245 245 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,285 645 635 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 40 25 20 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 115 55 60 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 185 95 85 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 945 475 470 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 55 20 30 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 275 125 150 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 20 10 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 225 110 115 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 15 5 10 40 15 20
Swahili 60 30 30 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 25 25 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 25 35 105 50 55
Dinka 20 10 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 95 55 45 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 15 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 35 25 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,925 2,450 2,475 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 4,675 2,325 2,345 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,200 570 630 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 3,215 1,635 1,585 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 95 110 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 130 1,630 820 810
Burmese 55 30 25 685 350 335
Karenic languages 185 90 100 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 45 1,015 435 580
Lao 50 25 25 335 160 175
Thai 30 10 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 90 45 45 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 75 40 30 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 110 60 55 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 105 60 45 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 11,720 5,720 6,000 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 405 190 215 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 11,055 5,405 5,650 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 45 25 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 215 100 120 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 241,715 118,585 123,130 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 214,735 105,555 109,175 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 10,900 5,475 5,430 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,635 1,110 1,530 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 12,880 6,185 6,695 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 1,110 480 630 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 11,770 5,700 6,075 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 65 30 30 965 435 530
English and non-official language 325 165 165 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 170 70 100 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 196,320 95,590 100,735 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 188,755 92,135 96,620 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,694 47,342 33,736 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 188,780 92,135 96,640 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,570 41,263 30,906 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 174,280 86,445 87,835 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,346 46,713 31,067 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 125,345 52,970 72,375 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,613 1,847 4,430 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 148,890 76,135 72,760 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,295 45,938 31,525 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 196,375 95,605 100,775 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 188,740 92,195 96,550 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,746 61,712 42,229 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 188,760 92,200 96,565 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,566 49,487 35,958 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 174,310 86,465 87,855 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,036 61,901 40,343 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 125,600 53,350 72,250 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,930 6,325 7,377 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 148,970 76,170 72,805 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,163 58,637 39,251 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 196,375 95,600 100,775 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 69,535 38,795 30,745 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,068 64,894 50,723 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,289 78,233 58,002 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.1 94.1 86.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.0 78.6 70.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.9 5.9 13.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 196,320 95,590 100,735 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 7,565 3,455 4,110 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 188,755 92,135 96,620 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.4 95.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 22,675 9,925 12,750 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 25,965 9,935 16,030 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 24,275 9,420 14,860 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 22,200 9,590 12,615 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 20,720 9,585 11,140 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 16,635 8,650 7,985 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 12,680 7,045 5,635 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 9,895 5,740 4,150 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 8,155 4,750 3,405 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 6,120 3,635 2,490 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 19,440 13,870 5,570 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 13,275 9,145 4,135 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 6,165 4,730 1,435 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 196,320 95,590 100,735 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 7,540 3,450 4,095 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 188,780 92,140 96,640 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 23,280 10,080 13,200 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 27,180 10,450 16,735 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 28,365 11,370 16,995 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 28,050 12,570 15,480 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 24,060 12,165 11,895 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 17,095 9,360 7,735 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 12,775 7,470 5,305 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 9,125 5,340 3,790 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 18,850 13,335 5,520 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 5,765 3,740 2,030 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 3,870 2,675 1,190 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 9,215 6,920 2,295 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 196,320 95,590 100,730 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 47,425 19,455 27,975 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 148,895 76,135 72,760 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 75.8 79.6 72.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 16,270 7,190 9,080 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 10,850 4,515 6,340 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 18,250 7,765 10,485 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 15,765 6,850 8,920 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 15,920 7,340 8,580 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 14,910 7,180 7,730 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 12,370 6,635 5,735 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 9,630 5,420 4,210 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 7,765 4,615 3,145 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 27,155 18,625 8,530 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 6,780 4,025 2,755 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 5,105 3,110 1,995 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 15,270 11,495 3,775 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 98,155 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,859 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,359 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 28,405 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,652 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,730 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 69,755 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,435 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,554 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 98,165 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,495 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,853 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 28,415 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,772 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,491 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 69,745 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 118,938 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,889 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 98,155 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,505 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 945 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,575 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,345 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,885 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,095 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,520 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,880 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,955 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,710 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,345 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,740 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,255 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,880 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,365 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 37,160 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,165 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,135 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 9,855 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,000 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 98,155 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,590 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 960 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,615 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,490 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,190 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,665 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,320 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,840 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,655 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,530 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,600 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,915 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,350 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,575 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,865 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 28,000 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,085 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,200 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 9,710 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 65,125 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,113 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,081 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 24,405 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,124 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,931 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 28,090 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,120 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,431 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,170 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,532 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,786 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 65,070 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,189 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,770 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 24,415 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,191 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,232 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 28,020 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,041 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,725 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,280 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,570 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,007 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 43,415 21,145 22,270 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,962 39,899 34,487 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,354 35,314 31,511 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 43,560 21,275 22,285 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,177 49,927 42,596 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,414 40,954 35,989 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 240,340 118,175 122,165 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 107,505 50,645 56,860 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 22,275 10,855 11,420 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 21,905 9,520 12,385 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 20,360 9,480 10,880 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 20,945 10,065 10,885 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 22,025 10,730 11,295 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 132,835 67,535 65,300 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 23,055 11,580 11,470 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 24,730 12,355 12,370 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 26,550 13,490 13,065 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 29,150 14,880 14,270 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 29,350 15,225 14,125 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 240,340 118,180 122,165 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 52,175 26,745 25,430 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 18,565 9,525 9,040 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 158,315 78,425 79,890 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 29,850 13,005 16,845 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 30,915 14,135 16,775 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 10,095 5,145 4,945 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 3,855 1,970 1,885 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 17,470 7,990 9,485 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,345 1,000 2,350 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.0 13.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.3 19.2 19.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.8 20.7 20.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.2 11.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.2 7.7 14.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 18,650 9,210 9,435 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,305 2,725 2,575 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,095 1,065 1,030 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 12,725 6,250 6,475 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 620 235 390 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.8 7.7 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.2 11.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0 8.0 8.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.8 2.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 240,410 118,195 122,220 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 236,855 116,615 120,240 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 236,730 116,555 120,170 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 16,025 7,280 8,745 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 57,465 27,575 29,890 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 2,550 1,040 1,515 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 2,165 915 1,245 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,985 855 1,135 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 10 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 570 225 345 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 115 45 70 20 10 20
Woods Cree 165 80 80 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 1,130 500 630 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 185 70 120 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 190 70 115 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 320 100 220 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 315 100 215 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 320 100 215 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 70 20 50 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 15 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 20 10 15 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 54,970 26,550 28,415 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,065 2,055 2,005 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 15 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 430 175 255 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 45 25 25 15 0 15
Oromo 105 40 70 190 110 80
Somali 295 115 180 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,720 1,915 1,810 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 275 120 155 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,680 1,440 1,240 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 445 210 240 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 200 95 105 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 95 45 50 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 375 165 210 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,465 725 740 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 45 35 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,395 685 710 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 9,960 4,645 5,320 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 60 25 30 495 205 285
Cebuano 690 295 400 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 85 40 50 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 255 120 135 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 100 50 60 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 30 40 775 350 430
Pangasinan 25 15 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,560 4,460 5,105 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 30 20 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 50 80 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 160 75 85 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 90 30 60 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 800 445 355 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 45 20 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 355 195 155 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 305 175 125 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 175 95 85 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 28,545 13,925 14,625 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 140 75 65 1,135 580 555
Armenian 80 50 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 6,410 2,980 3,430 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 75 30 45 635 310 325
Latvian 40 15 25 310 175 140
Lithuanian 35 15 20 325 135 185
Slavic languages 6,360 2,960 3,400 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 135 65 65 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 30 20 10 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 205 115 95 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 80 45 40 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 50 25 30 345 180 160
Polish 780 385 395 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,825 895 935 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 310 165 145 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 70 20 45 1,240 595 645
Slovak 25 20 10 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 15 725 330 400
Ukrainian 3,860 1,700 2,160 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 110 65 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 55 35 15 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 350 225 120
Welsh 15 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 4,375 1,970 2,410 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 305 160 145 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 100 65 35 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 325 160 165 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 10 0 120 55 65
German 3,505 1,510 1,995 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 10 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 100 50 50 1,405 730 680
Swedish 85 40 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 15 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 365 160 205 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 12,570 6,585 5,985 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 11,500 6,020 5,480 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 2,045 1,135 910 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,120 540 580 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,885 1,540 1,340 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 15 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 60 40 25 1,275 650 625
Nepali 325 165 160 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,420 1,880 1,540 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 110 65 50 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 160 105 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 5,115 2,560 2,555 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,135 605 535 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 70 50 15 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 225 120 105 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 880 450 425 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 5,265 2,455 2,805 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 495 235 260 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 440 195 255 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 580 305 275 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,875 1,780 2,095 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 540 240 295 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 605 270 335 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 50 20 25 320 155 170
Mongolian 50 20 30 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,275 700 575 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 105 50 55 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 50 25 25 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 20 0 45 10 35
Ga 30 15 15 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 205 125 80 240 140 95
Lingala 35 20 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 40 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 210 95 115
Shona 45 30 15 265 125 140
Swahili 275 160 115 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 325 155 165 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 145 120 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 80 100 300 150 150
Dinka 55 30 25 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 50 75 250 120 135
Sign languages 640 195 445 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 340 100 240 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 300 90 205 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,175 3,495 3,690 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 6,905 3,360 3,545 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,210 1,065 1,150 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 5,020 2,430 2,590 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 55 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 15 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 315 160 160 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 270 130 145 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 95 45 50 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 165 75 90 905 455 450
Tibetan 15 10 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 195 70 125 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 125 55 75 1,125 505 620
Thai 80 25 60 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 360 180 180 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 295 155 140 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 445 215 235 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 75 25 50 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 365 185 180 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 240,410 118,190 122,215 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 213,800 104,875 108,925 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 46,240 23,680 22,560 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 167,560 81,195 86,370 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 26,610 13,315 13,295 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 240,410 118,190 122,220 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 193,510 94,745 98,765 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 42,530 21,125 21,405 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,190 2,565 2,625 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 2,120 1,070 1,045 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 3,960 2,045 1,920 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 13,320 6,570 6,755 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,820 1,825 1,990 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 9,505 4,740 4,760 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 17,935 8,875 9,055 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,365 2,320 2,050 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 42,530 21,130 21,405 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 4,280 2,095 2,180 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 8,000 4,205 3,800 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 6,930 3,175 3,755 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 19,700 9,740 9,955 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,615 1,900 1,710 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 42,530 21,125 21,405 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,285 1,590 1,700 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 75 20 55 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 315 150 165 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 335 155 185 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 50 20 30 920 415 500
Haiti 20 10 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 260 150 110 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 215 115 100 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 90 35 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 50 25 25 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,145 545 600 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 725 360 360 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 7,450 3,825 3,620 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 90 125 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 130 85 45 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 50 20 35 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 660 315 345 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 165 90 75 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 125 70 55 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 320 205 115 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 200 105 100 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 270 115 155 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 540 280 260 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 140 65 70 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 330 165 165 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 225 95 130 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 210 115 95 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,125 570 555 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,030 1,075 960 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 705 360 345 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 3,660 1,830 1,830 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 170 90 85 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 270 105 165 1,665 835 825
Kenya 195 100 90 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 95 45 50 730 385 340
Nigeria 570 280 295 1,205 630 575
Somalia 140 55 85 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 445 230 215 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,765 925 840 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 27,910 13,775 14,135 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 190 60 130 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,570 835 730 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,765 1,765 2,000 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 355 180 175 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,365 1,775 1,590 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 525 310 215 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 910 465 455 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 130 35 100 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 320 140 180 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 70 40 35 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,720 1,905 1,810 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 9,090 4,265 4,830 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 290 160 130 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 620 340 275 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 85 35 55 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,245 640 600 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,640 820 825 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 230 110 120 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,935 8,875 9,060 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 845 410 440 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 30 0 25 960 445 520
Colombia 45 30 20 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 185 110 80 160 115 45
Mexico 140 80 55 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 165 75 90 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 0 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 245 100 150 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,600 810 790 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 20 0 20 790 415 370
Germany 35 25 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 220 145 80 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 55 30 30 200 110 90
Romania 45