Census Profile, 2016 Census
Smithers [Population centre], British Columbia and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Smithers
British Columbia
[Population centre]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Smithers [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : Smithers [Population centre], British Columbia Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,098,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,400 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,033,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,582  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 514.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 10.39  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 588,243.54  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,350 2,605 2,745 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 965 475 490 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 295 135 165 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 335 175 160 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 330 170 170 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 3,535 1,765 1,770 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 365 190 175 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 355 195 155 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 340 175 165 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 350 160 190 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 350 165 180 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 365 185 185 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 345 170 175 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 380 185 200 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 375 190 185 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 310 150 160 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 845 365 480 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 230 110 120 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 215 85 130 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 145 65 75 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 115 50 65 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 140 50 90 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 90 30 55 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 45 15 25 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 10 5 5 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 5 0 0 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 18.2 17.9 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 66.1 67.8 64.5 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 15.8 14.0 17.5 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 2.6 1.9 3.3 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 39.8 38.8 40.8 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 39.3 38.4 40.2 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 1,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 5,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,070,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,385 2,130 2,255 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 2,455 1,225 1,230 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 1,980 990 995 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 470 235 240 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 1,930 905 1,020 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 1,185 680 510 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 145 60 85 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 305 120 185 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 290 55 240 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 1,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 252,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,075 515 560 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 285,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,265 2,575 2,695 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 4,890 2,400 2,490 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 5 0 5 535 255 280
English and French 360 165 190 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 15 0 10 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,265 2,570 2,690 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 5,185 2,530 2,650 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 65 35 25 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 5 0 5 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 15 5 10 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 65 35 30 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,265 2,575 2,695 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 5,205 2,540 2,660 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 4,670 2,320 2,350 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 4,605 2,285 2,315 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 70 35 30 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 535 220 315 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 20 10 15 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 15 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 250 115 135
Woods Cree 0 0 0 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 935 445 490
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 10 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 5 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 235 110 125
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 230 110 120
Dakota 0 0 0 195 85 105
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 510 215 300 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 10 20 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,050 505 545
Bilen 0 0 0 55 25 30
Oromo 0 0 0 195 100 90
Somali 0 0 0 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Semitic languages 25 10 15 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 0 0 5 290 140 155
Arabic 20 10 15 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 75 75
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 75 45 30
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 10 20 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 135 70 70
Vietnamese 25 10 20 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 55 25 35 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 0 0 0 85 40 40
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,545 685 855
Fijian 0 0 0 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 255 120 140
Ilocano 0 0 5 790 370 415
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 175 80 95
Pangasinan 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 20 25 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 125 140
Creole languages 0 0 0 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 5 0 0 1,560 865 700
Kannada 0 0 0 60 35 30
Malayalam 0 0 0 850 455 395
Tamil 0 0 0 350 200 150
Telugu 5 5 0 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 340 140 200 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 0 0 0 380 190 190
Armenian 0 0 0 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 35 15 20 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 0 0 0 175 85 90
Latvian 0 0 0 100 45 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 75 40 35
Slavic languages 35 15 20 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 225 110 120
Bulgarian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Croatian 5 0 5 455 240 220
Czech 5 0 0 235 115 125
Macedonian 0 0 0 55 30 30
Polish 10 0 5 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 0 0 5 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 0 0 0 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 120 60 65
Slovak 0 0 0 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 80 40 45
Ukrainian 5 5 5 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 145 145
Celtic languages 0 0 0 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 10 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 5
Germanic languages 230 95 135 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 5 5 5 880 450 430
Danish 5 0 0 255 145 110
Dutch 100 40 55 1,385 685 700
Frisian 5 0 0 30 20 10
German 105 45 65 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 0 0 0 55 20 25
Norwegian 5 0 0 310 140 165
Swedish 10 5 0 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 60 25 35
Yiddish 0 0 0 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 5 0 0 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 10 5 5 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 15 5 5 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 0 0 0 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 0 0 0 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 5 5 0 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 10 10
Konkani 0 0 0 35 15 10
Marathi 0 0 0 140 80 55
Nepali 0 0 0 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 5 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 0 0 0 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 270 130 135
Urdu 0 0 0 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 0 0 0 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 0 0 0 145 80 65
Pashto 0 0 0 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 65 25 40 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 30 15 20 705 365 340
Portuguese 15 5 10 615 265 350
Romanian 0 0 0 850 425 430
Spanish 15 5 5 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 10 5 5 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Korean 5 0 0 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 40 20 25
Mongolian 0 0 0 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 5 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 190 115 75
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Edo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 25 15 5
Ga 0 0 0 20 15 5
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 215 125 90
Lingala 15 5 10 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 115 55 60
Shona 0 0 0 90 55 40
Swahili 0 0 0 425 220 205
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 335 195 140
Dinka 0 0 0 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 220 120 100
Sign languages 5 0 0 200 100 100
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 5 15 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 20 5 15 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 5 0 0 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 0 0 0 35 20 15
Mandarin 10 5 5 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 0 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,040 530 505
Burmese 0 0 0 180 115 65
Karenic languages 0 0 0 810 395 415
Tibetan 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 525 235 290
Lao 0 0 0 345 175 170
Thai 0 0 0 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 25 10 10
Turkish 0 0 0 290 155 130
Uyghur 0 0 0 5 0 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Uralic languages 5 0 0 1,555 735 820
Estonian 0 5 0 20 10 10
Finnish 5 5 5 205 85 120
Hungarian 0 0 0 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 55 45
Multiple responses 60 30 30 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 15 10 5 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 45 20 20 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 0 0 0 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,265 2,575 2,695 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 5,160 2,535 2,625 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 5,015 2,475 2,545 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 4,985 2,455 2,535 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 30 15 10 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 140 60 80 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 95 40 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 5 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 45 20 25
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 50 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 35 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 140 60 80 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 15 15 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 720 335 380
Bilen 0 0 0 30 15 15
Oromo 0 0 0 140 75 70
Somali 0 0 0 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 30 10 15 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 5 0 0 150 75 70
Arabic 25 15 10 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 115 60 55
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 25 10 15
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 5 15 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 40 20 25
Vietnamese 20 5 10 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 25 15 10 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 5 0 0 580 280 295
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 110 60 50
Ilocano 0 0 0 240 115 120
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 10 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Creole languages 0 0 0 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 5 0 0 845 440 410
Kannada 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 525 265 260
Tamil 0 0 0 155 90 65
Telugu 0 5 0 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 55 25 35 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 0 0 0 205 100 100
Armenian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 5 0 5 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 0 0 0 80 35 45
Latvian 0 0 0 40 20 20
Lithuanian 0 0 0 40 15 25
Slavic languages 5 0 5 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 85 45 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 35 20 15
Croatian 0 5 0 170 85 85
Czech 0 0 0 30 20 15
Macedonian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Polish 5 0 0 480 220 255
Russian 5 0 0 1,725 875 840
Serbian 0 0 0 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 45 20 25
Slovak 0 0 0 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 90
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 20 15 10 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 5 5 0 530 275 250
Danish 0 0 0 10 5 0
Dutch 0 0 5 200 110 95
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 15 5 10 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Greek 0 0 0 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 5 5 0 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 0 5 0 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 0 0 0 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 0 0 0 1,585 865 720
Hindi 5 0 0 880 490 390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 55 30 30
Nepali 0 0 0 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 0 0 0 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 140 70 70
Urdu 0 0 0 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 0 0 0 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 0 0 0 65 40 30
Pashto 0 0 0 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 25 10 15 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 15 5 5 155 80 75
Portuguese 5 0 5 220 100 115
Romanian 0 0 0 315 165 150
Spanish 5 0 0 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Japanese 0 0 0 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 55 30 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 5
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 15 20
Lingala 0 0 0 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Shona 0 0 0 35 25 15
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wolof 0 0 0 0 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 65 70
Dinka 0 0 0 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 40
Sign languages 5 0 5 285 175 105
American Sign Language 0 0 0 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 10 5 10 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 15 5 10 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 0 0 0 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 5 5 0 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 775 380 395
Burmese 0 0 0 115 65 55
Karenic languages 0 0 0 640 310 335
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 190 85 105
Lao 0 0 0 125 60 60
Thai 0 0 0 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 0 0 0 170 90 85
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Uralic languages 0 0 0 240 125 120
Estonian 0 0 0 10 0 5
Finnish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hungarian 0 0 0 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Multiple responses 105 40 70 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 10 0 5 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 95 35 65 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 0 0 0 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,270 2,575 2,690 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 4,955 2,440 2,520 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 70 40 30 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 60 30 30 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 180 70 110 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 15 5 5 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 165 65 100 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 0 0 0 170 85 85
English and non-official language 0 0 0 860 440 420
French and non-official language 5 0 0 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,280 2,085 2,190 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,160 2,040 2,120 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,216 50,926 30,135 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,165 2,040 2,120 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,317 43,211 27,547 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,910 1,945 1,965 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,664 47,488 25,008 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,750 1,130 1,620 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,432 6,566 6,293 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,455 1,765 1,695 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,439 46,880 24,427 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,315 2,065 2,250 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,190 2,025 2,165 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,825 55,581 36,712 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,195 2,025 2,170 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,738 45,757 32,192 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,930 1,900 2,035 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,130 54,415 32,586 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,720 1,120 1,605 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,218 8,110 8,294 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,490 1,750 1,745 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,273 51,748 30,800 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,315 2,065 2,250 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,400 835 565 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,771 67,735 43,687 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,159 71,799 52,862 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 92.2 83.0 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.4 80.0 68.4 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 8.0 17.1 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,280 2,085 2,185 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 115 50 70 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 4,160 2,040 2,120 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 97.2 97.8 97.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 480 205 275 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 625 230 395 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 580 190 385 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 530 200 330 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 420 180 245 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 360 195 165 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 320 210 110 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 260 185 80 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 185 130 55 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 110 80 30 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 290 230 60 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 235 185 50 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 55 50 10 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,275 2,090 2,185 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 110 45 70 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 4,160 2,040 2,125 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 97.3 97.6 97.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 495 215 285 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 685 250 430 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 700 255 440 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 570 215 355 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 510 255 255 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 435 295 140 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 300 200 105 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 185 135 50 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 290 225 70 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 115 75 35 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 55 40 10 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 120 105 20 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,275 2,085 2,190 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 820 325 495 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 3,460 1,765 1,695 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 80.9 84.7 77.4 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 560 260 305 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 245 95 145 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 445 155 290 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 385 155 235 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 345 140 210 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 300 130 170 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 235 130 100 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 255 175 85 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 215 165 50 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 475 375 105 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 145 105 40 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 100 75 25 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 230 195 40 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,984  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,412  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,408  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,408  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,942  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 50,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,166  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,998  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,506  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 432,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,133  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,749  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,872  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 299,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,229  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,031  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,537  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,718  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,867  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,649  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 985 485 500 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,464 45,632 30,464 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,125 39,136 27,904 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 980 545 440 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,248 47,125 45,160 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,215 39,564 38,782 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,245 2,565 2,680 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,510 1,125 1,385 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 390 190 200 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 500 175 325 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 460 215 245 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 535 235 300 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 620 305 315 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 2,735 1,435 1,295 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 570 285 280 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 630 340 295 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 620 325 300 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 550 295 250 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 365 195 170 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,240 2,560 2,680 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 1,185 580 600 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 365 175 190 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 3,285 1,645 1,640 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 775 335 440 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 635 260 375 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 170 80 90 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 50 20 30 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 345 135 205 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 115 40 80 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.1 10.2 14.0 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 14.3 13.8 15.0 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 13.7 11.4 15.8 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 8.2 12.5 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 14.8 11.9 18.2 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 250 125 125 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 60 30 30 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 15 10 10 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 180 95 85 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 10 5 5 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.8 4.9 4.7 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 5.1 5.2 5.0 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 4.1 5.7 5.3 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.5 5.8 5.2 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.5 1.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,310 2,580 2,735 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 5,295 2,575 2,720 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 5,290 2,575 2,715 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 350 170 185 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 605 290 320 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 45 25 20 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 470 185 285
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 35 20 15 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 35 20 15 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 20 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 505 240 260
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 510 255 250
Dakota 0 0 0 415 205 210
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 10 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 565 265 300 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 10 10 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 35 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,305 620 690
Bilen 0 0 0 85 40 45
Oromo 0 0 0 160 70 90
Somali 0 0 0 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10 10 10 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 0 0 0 545 255 290
Arabic 10 0 0 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 100
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 0 470 245 230
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 10 0 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 210 105 105
Vietnamese 10 0 0 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 80 45 30 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 0 0 0 90 30 55
Cebuano 0 0 0 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 285 130 150
Ilocano 10 0 0 785 365 415
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 10 0 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 265 130 135
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 40 25 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 145 155
Creole languages 0 0 0 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 0 0 0 115 65 55
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,170 625 540
Tamil 0 0 0 635 345 290
Telugu 0 0 0 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 415 180 230 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 0 0 0 560 275 285
Armenian 0 0 0 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 50 30 25 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 0 0 0 225 120 110
Latvian 0 0 0 135 60 70
Lithuanian 0 0 0 95 60 35
Slavic languages 50 25 20 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 0 0 0 20 0 15
Bosnian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Bulgarian 0 0 0 75 40 35
Croatian 10 10 0 605 355 250
Czech 0 10 0 300 155 150
Macedonian 0 0 0 65 35 35
Polish 20 10 10 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 0 0 0 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 0 0 0 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Slovak 0 0 0 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 105 50 50
Ukrainian 10 10 10 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 205 140
Celtic languages 0 0 0 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 55 35 25
Welsh 0 0 0 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 45 20
Germanic languages 235 105 135 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,455 750 705
Danish 0 0 0 320 195 125
Dutch 100 40 55 1,510 720 790
Frisian 10 0 10 25 15 15
German 120 55 65 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 0 0 0 70 40 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 415 180 235
Swedish 10 10 10 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Yiddish 0 0 0 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 135 125
Greek 0 0 0 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 10 0 10 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 10 0 10 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 0 0 0 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 0 0 0 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 10 0 10 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 40 30 15
Marathi 0 0 0 185 120 70
Nepali 0 0 0 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 10 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 0 0 0 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 355 205 150
Urdu 0 0 10 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 0 0 0 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 0 0 0 145 90 60
Pashto 0 0 0 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 120 50 75 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Italian 45 0 40 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 10 0 0 885 380 505
Romanian 0 0 0 1,105 525 575
Spanish 70 45 25 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Japanese 0 0 0 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Korean 0 0 0 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Mongolian 0 0 0 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 355 185 170
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 10
Edo 0 0 0 20 0 20
Ewe 0 0 0 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 60 45 15
Ga 0 0 0 45 25 15
Ganda 0 0 0 20 10 10
Igbo 0 0 0 625 325 300
Lingala 0 0 0 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 125 65 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 90 55
Swahili 0 0 0 950 570 380
Wolof 0 0 0 40 25 15
Yoruba 0 0 0 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 145
Dinka 0 0 0 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 90 105
Sign languages 10 10 0 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 0 0 0 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 40 15 25 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 40 15 25 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 0 0 0 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 0 0 0 30 10 20
Mandarin 0 0 10 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 15 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 960 495 460
Burmese 0 0 0 315 185 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 635 310 325
Tibetan 0 0 0 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 635 245 385
Lao 0 0 0 410 170 240
Thai 0 0 0 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 25 20 10
Turkish 0 0 0 530 310 220
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 10 10 0 1,765 850 915
Estonian 10 0 0 20 15 10
Finnish 10 0 10 360 170 190
Hungarian 0 0 0 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,310 2,580 2,730 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 5,110 2,485 2,630 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,255 605 650 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,855 1,880 1,980 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 195 95 105 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,315 2,580 2,730 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 4,705 2,345 2,365 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 550 200 350 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 310 100 210 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 50 15 35 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 55 20 40 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 100 55 45 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 45 15 25 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 50 35 15 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 40 10 25 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 55 35 20 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 550 200 350 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 110 35 75 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 105 50 60 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 125 40 85 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 160 60 100 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 50 20 35 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 550 200 350 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 115 35 80 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 0 0 0 185 65 120
Colombia 10 0 10 555 275 280
El Salvador 0 0 0 630 290 340
Guyana 0 0 0 155 75 85
Haiti 0 0 0 65 45 20
Jamaica 0 0 0 815 425 395
Mexico 0 0 0 1,330 665 665
Peru 0 0 0 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 100 25 75 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 10 10 0 1,805 955 845
Europe 265 100 165 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 455 215 245
Croatia 0 0 0 445 280 165
France 0 0 0 215 90 125
Germany 60 25 30 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 0 0 0 605 325 280
Hungary 10 0 0 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 845 490 355
Italy 20 0 20 570 305 265
Netherlands 80 35 40 1,220 585 635
Poland 15 0 10 1,395 690 705
Portugal 10 0 0 220 105 120
Romania 0 0 0 695 335 360
Russian Federation 0 10 0 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 10 585 305 280
Ukraine 0 0 0 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 50 10 40 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 20 15 10 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 25 0 20 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 0 0 0 50 35 15
Egypt 0 0 0 435 230 205
Ethiopia 0 0 0 635 285 355
Kenya 10 0 10 425 225 200
Morocco 0 0 0 180 95 80
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,695 845 855
Somalia 0 0 0 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 15 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 10 10 0 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 115 45 70 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 0 0 0 515 230 285
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 35 15 20 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 765 370 400
India 0 10 0 9,630 5,190 4,435
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 785 465