Census Profile, 2016 Census
St. Catharines - Niagara Falls [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic St. Catharines - Niagara Falls
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , St. Catharines - Niagara Falls [Population centre], Ontario  Map : St. Catharines - Niagara Falls [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 229,246 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 220,616 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 101,461 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 96,037 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,682.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 136.28 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 229,245 110,055 119,195 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 33,520 17,220 16,295 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 10,605 5,450 5,155 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 11,290 5,770 5,520 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 11,620 5,995 5,625 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 148,145 71,870 76,275 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 13,190 6,700 6,485 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 15,845 7,880 7,965 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 14,550 7,320 7,240 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 13,290 6,465 6,820 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 12,510 5,975 6,540 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 13,605 6,495 7,110 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 14,845 7,165 7,680 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 17,515 8,415 9,100 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 17,130 8,150 8,980 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 15,665 7,310 8,355 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 47,585 20,960 26,620 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 14,615 6,900 7,715 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 10,935 5,120 5,815 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 8,210 3,700 4,510 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 6,475 2,680 3,800 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 7,350 2,555 4,790 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 4,590 1,755 2,835 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 2,220 675 1,545 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 480 115 365 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 55 10 45 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.6 13.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.6 65.3 64.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 20.8 19.0 22.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.2 2.3 4.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.3 42.0 44.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.4 42.7 45.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 96,040 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 57,760 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 7,725 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 30,430 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,995 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 7,250 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,860 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 13,035 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 280 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 125 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 96,040 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 29,365 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 33,470 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 14,615 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 12,110 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,480 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 224,060 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 195,725 92,835 102,895 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 104,370 52,175 52,195 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 87,290 43,650 43,640 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 17,080 8,520 8,555 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 91,355 40,660 50,695 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 54,775 28,980 25,800 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 7,575 3,160 4,415 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 14,365 5,540 8,825 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 14,640 2,980 11,660 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 64,165 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 34,460 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 13,940 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 11,280 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,485 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 64,170 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 50,870 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 42,335 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,535 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 13,300 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 10,795 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 2,505 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 50,870 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 26,205 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 24,670 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 10,270 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 10,255 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 4,145 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 13,300 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 8,255 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 3,670 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,365 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 44,270 20,010 24,260 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 96,035 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 60,920 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 24,905 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 36,015 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,600 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 33,520 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 29,360 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,155 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 225,680 108,745 116,935 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 207,555 101,135 106,420 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 180 75 105 1,110 530 580
English and French 15,940 6,775 9,165 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,005 755 1,245 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 225,680 108,745 116,935 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 218,550 105,680 112,865 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 4,415 1,965 2,450 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 760 360 400 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,960 735 1,225 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,790 2,145 2,650 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 225,675 108,745 116,935 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 221,785 106,940 114,840 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 183,385 89,085 94,305 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 178,795 87,025 91,770 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 4,595 2,055 2,535 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 38,400 17,860 20,540 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 35 15 25 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 5 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,360 17,845 20,515 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,285 1,190 1,095 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 155 70 85 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 5 165 95 75
Somali 150 65 80 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,115 1,115 1,005 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 45 20 25 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,905 995 910 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 40 30 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 45 25 20 80 40 40
Tigrigna 35 20 15 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 800 365 430 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 170 70 100 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 625 295 330 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,830 695 1,135 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 70 25 45 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 85 40 50 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 30 10 15 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,590 600 995 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 85 50 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 30 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 370 195 170 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 230 130 105 1,750 905 845
Tamil 100 50 50 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 30 15 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 26,045 12,155 13,890 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 160 75 85 1,090 560 530
Armenian 195 90 110 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 7,220 3,235 3,985 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 135 50 85 645 280 370
Latvian 65 25 40 320 145 175
Lithuanian 65 25 45 325 130 200
Slavic languages 7,085 3,190 3,900 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 180 95 85 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 295 145 155 1,725 805 915
Croatian 400 185 215 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 205 100 100 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 60 35 30 250 120 135
Polish 2,445 1,035 1,415 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 830 365 460 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,145 580 575 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 105 50 60 1,145 545 600
Slovak 225 100 120 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 65 110 545 250 290
Ukrainian 990 420 570 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 15 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 10 10 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 4,400 1,955 2,445 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 55 20 35 1,435 730 705
Danish 75 25 50 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,310 610 705 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 25 15 15 80 30 50
German 2,840 1,240 1,600 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 20 5 15 835 410 430
Swedish 35 15 25 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 10 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 465 225 245 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 3,070 1,570 1,500 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,465 1,265 1,195 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 150 80 70 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 465 245 225 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 365 210 160 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 45 25 20 535 280 255
Nepali 45 20 20 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 480 220 260 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 25 10 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30 1,455 730 725
Urdu 820 410 400 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 575 285 285 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 200 100 100 1,650 875 780
Pashto 35 15 15 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 340 175 165 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 10,515 4,995 5,520 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 0 125 65 55
Italian 6,630 3,155 3,475 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 440 195 240 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 295 140 155 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 3,140 1,490 1,650 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 260 85 175 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 870 410 465 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 440 215 230 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 70 40 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 15 10 10 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 105 45 55
Shona 105 45 60 150 70 85
Swahili 90 40 45 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 50 30 25 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 50 30 20 620 330 295
American Sign Language 25 10 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,835 1,740 2,095 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 3,810 1,725 2,080 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 995 470 530 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 15 5 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,480 1,095 1,385 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 210 110 105 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 0 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 10 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 285 135 155 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 235 115 120 800 405 400
Thai 55 15 35 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 300 170 130 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 255 145 110 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 855 380 475 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 65 30 35 455 195 260
Finnish 65 40 30 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 725 315 410 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,895 1,800 2,090 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 820 380 445 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,850 1,320 1,530 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 120 50 70 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 100 50 50 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 225,680 108,745 116,930 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 217,810 105,135 112,680 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 201,355 97,515 103,835 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 200,100 96,955 103,145 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,255 565 685 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 16,455 7,615 8,840 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,450 7,610 8,835 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,255 620 640 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 110 50 65 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 105 45 55 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,140 565 575 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 5 5 535 250 290
Arabic 1,060 520 540 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 15 5 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 20 10 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 475 225 255 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 30 45 620 290 330
Vietnamese 405 195 210 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 770 335 435 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 35 20 20 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 690 300 390 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 40 15 25 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 5 20 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 145 70 70 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 105 55 55 885 450 435
Tamil 35 15 15 1,935 965 965
Telugu 5 0 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 9,560 4,370 5,190 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 70 40 35 530 255 270
Armenian 70 30 40 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 3,085 1,425 1,660 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 25 10 20 160 75 90
Latvian 10 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 15 5 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 3,065 1,420 1,645 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 115 60 55 540 270 270
Bulgarian 165 75 90 925 425 495
Croatian 135 65 65 1,795 840 955
Czech 50 20 25 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 30 20 10 120 60 60
Polish 1,015 445 570 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 495 235 255 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 675 330 345 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 435 205 235
Slovak 60 30 30 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 60 25 35
Ukrainian 245 110 140 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 480 210 265 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 25 10 10 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 55 20 35 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 390 175 215 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 150 65 80 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,670 835 840 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,375 690 680 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 85 45 40 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 290 155 140 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 190 105 80 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 15 5 10 245 125 120
Nepali 30 15 20 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 280 125 160 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 10 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 5 15 595 290 305
Urdu 445 220 220 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 290 140 155 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 115 55 60 1,025 515 505
Pashto 10 5 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 175 85 90 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 4,030 1,765 2,265 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,915 770 1,150 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 150 65 85 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 135 65 70 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,825 865 960 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 130 65 70 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 650 310 340 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 115 55 65 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 5 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 35 15 15 40 15 20
Swahili 40 15 20 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 65 35 30 830 460 370
American Sign Language 25 15 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 20 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,695 1,250 1,445 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,675 1,240 1,435 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 615 290 325 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,890 855 1,030 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 15 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 15 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 55 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 5 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 10 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 155 70 80 1,015 435 580
Lao 140 65 70 335 160 175
Thai 15 5 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 155 90 70 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 185 95 90
Turkish 130 75 60 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 230 95 130 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 210 85 120 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 7,865 3,610 4,255 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 540 235 305 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 7,145 3,295 3,850 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 10 25 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 145 65 80 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 225,680 108,745 116,935 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 202,800 98,165 104,635 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 7,865 3,735 4,120 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,830 1,160 1,665 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 11,830 5,505 6,335 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 50 20 30 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 11,785 5,480 6,300 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 60 30 30 965 435 530
English and non-official language 135 70 65 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 155 75 80 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 190,630 90,750 99,885 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 184,355 87,820 96,535 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,713 35,789 25,702 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 184,420 87,820 96,595 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,466 32,477 24,128 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 161,900 78,680 83,215 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,848 33,346 21,824 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 142,655 63,580 79,075 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,854 5,643 7,346 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 130,465 66,430 64,035 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,035 31,328 23,994 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 190,735 90,815 99,920 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 184,445 87,900 96,545 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,123 45,434 33,376 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 184,515 87,905 96,610 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,561 38,275 29,272 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 161,805 78,455 83,345 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,193 44,417 30,393 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 142,980 63,915 79,060 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,380 7,964 8,716 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 130,540 66,225 64,315 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,565 41,740 31,238 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 190,735 90,820 99,915 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 57,365 31,370 25,995 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,794 52,214 41,671 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,161 60,878 48,261 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.5 87.5 78.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.4 69.7 62.3 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.5 12.5 21.5 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 190,630 90,750 99,880 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 6,280 2,930 3,345 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 184,355 87,820 96,535 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.8 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 26,115 11,455 14,665 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 36,285 14,095 22,185 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 30,515 11,960 18,560 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 23,960 11,040 12,915 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 19,550 9,795 9,755 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 14,060 7,800 6,255 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 9,405 5,675 3,730 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 6,360 4,000 2,360 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,760 3,035 1,720 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 4,115 2,435 1,680 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 9,235 6,525 2,705 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,770 4,670 2,105 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,465 1,860 600 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 190,635 90,750 99,885 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 6,215 2,925 3,285 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 184,420 87,820 96,595 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.8 96.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 26,870 11,585 15,280 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 38,035 14,825 23,215 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 35,120 14,175 20,950 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 27,525 13,270 14,260 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 21,065 11,240 9,825 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 12,580 7,455 5,120 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 7,920 5,095 2,825 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 5,850 3,605 2,250 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,450 6,580 2,870 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,625 2,280 1,340 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,925 1,400 530 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 3,900 2,900 1,005 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 190,635 90,750 99,885 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 60,170 24,320 35,845 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 130,465 66,430 64,035 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.4 73.2 64.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 21,160 11,255 9,900 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 11,865 5,260 6,605 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 20,005 8,545 11,460 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 16,960 7,265 9,690 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 14,120 6,435 7,685 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 12,340 5,945 6,395 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 9,155 5,285 3,870 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 6,175 3,880 2,290 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,535 2,940 1,605 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 14,155 9,620 4,535 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,655 2,345 1,315 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,610 2,060 1,550 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 6,885 5,215 1,670 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 96,040 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,625 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,880 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 29,360 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,336 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,843 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 66,675 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,568 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,624 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 96,055 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,125 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,469 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 29,365 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,820 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,222 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 66,690 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,670 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,787 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 96,035 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,460 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,375 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,265 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,470 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,110 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,585 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,825 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,930 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,900 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,740 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,665 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,595 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,600 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,685 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,895 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,935 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,850 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,445 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,285 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,355 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 96,040 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,520 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,395 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,305 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,710 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,665 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,200 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,490 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,715 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,740 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,395 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,780 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,455 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,135 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,780 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,675 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,085 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,530 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,060 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,495 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 63,575 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,046 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,937 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 24,355 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,398 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,900 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 24,980 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,934 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,481 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 12,425 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,096 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,287 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 63,450 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,397 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,278 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 24,200 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,035 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,479 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 25,070 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,580 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,120 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,330 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,489 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,709 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 39,335 17,935 21,400 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,365 29,450 26,314 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,603 27,029 24,887 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 39,490 17,975 21,515 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,873 38,233 33,902 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,033 32,443 29,855 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 224,060 107,920 116,140 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 128,305 59,720 68,585 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 26,085 12,205 13,880 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 26,865 11,615 15,255 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 26,195 12,035 14,160 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 24,775 11,920 12,855 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 24,380 11,950 12,430 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 95,755 48,200 47,555 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 22,980 11,415 11,570 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 21,735 10,830 10,900 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 19,790 9,975 9,815 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 18,010 9,155 8,850 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 13,235 6,820 6,415 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 224,060 107,915 116,140 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 40,970 21,005 19,970 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 12,710 6,550 6,160 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 139,165 67,175 71,995 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 43,920 19,740 24,175 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 38,175 17,085 21,090 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 9,390 4,840 4,550 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 3,225 1,645 1,585 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 23,305 10,410 12,895 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 5,485 1,835 3,650 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.0 15.8 18.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.9 23.0 22.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.4 25.1 25.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 15.5 17.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.5 9.3 15.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,210 10,130 11,080 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 4,385 2,285 2,095 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,535 765 770 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 15,735 7,420 8,320 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,090 420 665 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.5 9.4 9.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.9 10.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 11.7 12.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.3 11.0 11.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.5 2.1 2.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 224,050 107,870 116,180 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 222,090 107,110 114,980 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 221,980 107,065 114,915 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 16,035 6,880 9,155 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 46,880 21,880 25,000 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 55 35 15 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 20 15 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 15 10 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 46,835 21,850 24,985 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,105 1,580 1,530 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 220 130 95 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 0 10 190 110 80
Somali 195 125 80 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,920 1,480 1,440 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 40 15 25 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,610 1,315 1,295 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 135 80 55 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 85 45 40 165 90 80
Tigrigna 55 25 25 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 950 430 520 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 245 95 145 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 705 335 370 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,350 925 1,425 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 15 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 105 40 65 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 10 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 80 25 55 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 50 15 30 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,265 885 1,375 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 150 85 70 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 75 40 35 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 495 265 230 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 20 10 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 310 175 135 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 145 80 60 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 65 30 35 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 32,290 15,025 17,260 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 185 80 105 1,135 580 555
Armenian 250 120 135 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 7,975 3,660 4,320 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 140 70 70 635 310 325
Latvian 85 35 50 310 175 140
Lithuanian 55 35 20 325 135 185
Slavic languages 7,860 3,615 4,250 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 330 150 180 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 280 155 130 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 715 345 370 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 240 120 125 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 100 55 45 345 180 160
Polish 2,835 1,235 1,600 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,135 535 600 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,410 710 700 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 105 45 55 1,240 595 645
Slovak 170 80 90 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 75 105 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,145 480 665 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 250 120 125
Celtic languages 100 60 45 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 350 225 120
Welsh 20 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 685 370 320
Germanic languages 5,065 2,195 2,870 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 130 50 80 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 85 35 50 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,420 635 785 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 25 15 15 120 55 65
German 3,390 1,455 1,935 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 45 20 30 1,405 730 680
Swedish 70 30 45 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 0 20 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 10 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 590 285 305 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 3,780 1,920 1,860 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 3,120 1,580 1,545 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 230 130 100 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 590 315 270 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,360 730 625 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 70 30 40 1,275 650 625
Nepali 70 45 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 800 370 430 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 65 30 40 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 50 50 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 955 465 490 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 665 350 320 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 280 130 145 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 15 10 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 405 225 185 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 14,935 7,005 7,935 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 20 20 0 245 125 120
Italian 8,780 4,100 4,685 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 735 335 405 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 460 240 225 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 5,465 2,550 2,915 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 220 130 85
Japanese 385 160 225 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 90 50 40
Georgian 15 10 10 90 50 45
Korean 915 420 495 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 805 380 420 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 140 60 80 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 25 10 15 95 60 35
Ganda 10 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 40 20 20 240 140 95
Lingala 10 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 135 65 75 265 125 140
Swahili 240 125 115 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 15 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 130 65 70 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 35 55 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 355 180 180 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 200 95 105 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 155 85 65 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,420 2,165 2,255 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,395 2,165 2,230 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,300 585 715 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 15 10 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 3,205 1,560 1,645 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 150 80 75 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 25 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 215 120 95 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 0 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 20 0 20 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 390 145 245 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 295 120 170 1,125 505 620
Thai 120 30 90 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 340 185 150 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 25 20 10 835 455 385
Turkish 235 120 115 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 55 35 25 105 50 55
Uzbek 20 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 940 425 510 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 50 20 30 495 205 295
Finnish 95 45 45 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 795 365 435 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 224,055 107,870 116,180 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 212,455 102,640 109,820 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 39,935 20,510 19,420 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 172,525 82,125 90,400 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,590 5,230 6,360 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 224,055 107,870 116,180 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 176,775 85,815 90,955 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 43,780 20,305 23,480 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 20,565 9,545 11,020 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,615 2,190 2,425 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 6,240 2,840 3,400 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 8,580 3,990 4,595 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 4,220 1,950 2,275 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 4,365 2,045 2,325 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,770 1,740 2,035 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,500 1,750 1,745 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 43,780 20,300 23,475 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,210 2,575 2,640 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 8,825 4,445 4,380 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 10,475 4,645 5,825 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 16,480 7,340 9,135 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,785 1,295 1,490 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 43,780 20,305 23,475 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 7,635 3,445 4,190 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 95 10 85 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 995 455 540 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 355 145 215 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 155 90 65 920 415 500
Haiti 55 10 40 265 110 160
Jamaica 665 390 275 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 300 140 160 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 110 40 70 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 510 240 280 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,635 1,080 1,560 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,750 845 905 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 23,020 10,760 12,260 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 440 205 240 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 715 375 340 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 145 60 85 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,350 555 800 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 250 150 100 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 515 245 265 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 225 125 95 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 4,960 2,400 2,565 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,235 610 630 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,925 820 1,105 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 305 160 150 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 480 245 230 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 385 160 225 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 485 220 265 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 595 235 360 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,055 3,285 3,770 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,960 915 1,040 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,275 1,125 1,150 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 80 35 45 430 270 150
Egypt 225 115 110 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 50 20 30 1,665 835 825
Kenya 130 65 70 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 40 25 15 730 385 340
Nigeria 160 65 90 1,205 630 575
Somalia 145 100 40 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 230 105 125 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,210 595 610 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 10,725 4,890 5,835 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 90 35 55 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 125 75 50 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,725 750 975 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 165 80 90 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,605 755 850 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 330 195 135 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 260 125 130 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 200 60 130 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 460 215 245 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 200 110 85 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 600 300 295 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,260 920 1,340 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 155 75 75 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 195 100 95 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 80 30 50 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 590 245 345 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,700 810 885 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 125 80 45 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,770 1,735 2,035 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 820 390 425 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 140 60 75 465 220 240
Cuba 60 30 30 70 35 30
Haiti 25 10 20 15 0 10
Jamaica 135 80 50 160 115 45
Mexico 20 15 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 105 155 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 10 30 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 140 75 60 1,855 875 975
Europe 480 220 265 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 45 20 25 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 200 110