Census Profile, 2016 Census
St. Catharines - Niagara Falls [Population centre], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic St. Catharines - Niagara Falls
Ontario
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , St. Catharines - Niagara Falls [Population centre], Ontario  Map : St. Catharines - Niagara Falls [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 229,246 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 220,616 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.9 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 101,461 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 96,037 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,682.2 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 136.28 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 229,245 110,055 119,195 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 33,520 17,220 16,295 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 10,605 5,450 5,155 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 11,290 5,770 5,520 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 11,620 5,995 5,625 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 148,145 71,870 76,275 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 13,190 6,700 6,485 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 15,845 7,880 7,965 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 14,550 7,320 7,240 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 13,290 6,465 6,820 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 12,510 5,975 6,540 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 13,605 6,495 7,110 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 14,845 7,165 7,680 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 17,515 8,415 9,100 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 17,130 8,150 8,980 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 15,665 7,310 8,355 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 47,585 20,960 26,620 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 14,615 6,900 7,715 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 10,935 5,120 5,815 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 8,210 3,700 4,510 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 6,475 2,680 3,800 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 7,350 2,555 4,790 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 4,590 1,755 2,835 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,220 675 1,545 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 480 115 365 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 55 10 45 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.6 13.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.6 65.3 64.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 20.8 19.0 22.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.2 2.3 4.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.3 42.0 44.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 44.4 42.7 45.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 96,040 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 57,760 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 7,725 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 30,430 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,995 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 7,250 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,860 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 13,035 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 280 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 125 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 96,040 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 29,365 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 33,470 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 14,615 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 12,110 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,480 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 224,060 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 195,725 92,835 102,895 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 104,370 52,175 52,195 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 87,290 43,650 43,640 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 17,080 8,520 8,555 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 91,355 40,660 50,695 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 54,775 28,980 25,800 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 7,575 3,160 4,415 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 14,365 5,540 8,825 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 14,640 2,980 11,660 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 64,165 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 34,460 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 13,940 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 11,280 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,485 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 64,170 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 50,870 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 42,335 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,535 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 13,300 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 10,795 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 2,505 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 50,870 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 26,205 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 24,670 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 10,270 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 10,255 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 4,145 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 13,300 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 8,255 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 3,670 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 1,365 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 44,270 20,010 24,260 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 96,035 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 60,920 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 24,905 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 36,015 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,600 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 33,520 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 29,360 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,155 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 225,680 108,745 116,935 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 207,555 101,135 106,420 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 180 75 105 1,810 820 985
English and French 15,940 6,775 9,165 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,005 755 1,245 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 225,680 108,745 116,935 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 218,550 105,680 112,865 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 4,415 1,965 2,450 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 760 360 400 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 1,960 735 1,225 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,790 2,145 2,650 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 225,675 108,745 116,935 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 221,785 106,940 114,840 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 183,385 89,085 94,305 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 178,795 87,025 91,770 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 4,595 2,055 2,535 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 38,400 17,860 20,540 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 35 15 25 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 5 15 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,360 17,845 20,515 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,285 1,190 1,095 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 155 70 85 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 5 205 115 95
Somali 150 65 80 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,115 1,115 1,005 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 45 20 25 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,905 995 910 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 40 30 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 45 25 20 215 100 115
Tigrigna 35 20 15 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 800 365 430 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 170 70 100 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 625 295 330 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,830 695 1,135 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 70 25 45 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 85 40 50 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 30 10 15 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,590 600 995 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 85 50 40 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 30 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 370 195 170 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 230 130 105 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 100 50 50 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 30 15 15 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 26,045 12,155 13,890 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 160 75 85 1,465 765 705
Armenian 195 90 110 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 7,220 3,235 3,985 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 135 50 85 1,070 485 585
Latvian 65 25 40 565 255 300
Lithuanian 65 25 45 505 225 280
Slavic languages 7,085 3,190 3,900 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 180 95 85 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 295 145 155 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 400 185 215 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 205 100 100 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 60 35 30 325 160 165
Polish 2,445 1,035 1,415 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 830 365 460 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,145 580 575 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 105 50 60 1,395 670 725
Slovak 225 100 120 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 65 110 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 990 420 570 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 15 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 10 10 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 4,400 1,955 2,445 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 55 20 35 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 75 25 50 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,310 610 705 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 25 15 15 295 145 145
German 2,840 1,240 1,600 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 5 15 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 35 15 25 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 10 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 465 225 245 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 3,070 1,570 1,500 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 2,465 1,265 1,195 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 150 80 70 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 465 245 225 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 365 210 160 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 45 25 20 620 325 295
Nepali 45 20 20 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 480 220 260 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 25 10 10 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30 1,675 845 830
Urdu 820 410 400 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 575 285 285 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 200 100 100 1,765 945 825
Pashto 35 15 15 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 340 175 165 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 10,515 4,995 5,520 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 6,630 3,155 3,475 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 440 195 240 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 295 140 155 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 3,140 1,490 1,650 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 260 85 175 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 870 410 465 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 440 215 230 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 70 40 30 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 15 10 10 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 155 70 80
Shona 105 45 60 215 100 115
Swahili 90 40 45 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 50 30 25 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 50 30 20 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 25 10 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,835 1,740 2,095 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 3,810 1,725 2,080 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 995 470 530 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 15 5 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 2,480 1,095 1,385 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 30 35 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 210 110 105 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 5 0 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 15 10 10 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 285 135 155 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 235 115 120 1,100 550 550
Thai 55 15 35 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 300 170 130 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 530 290 235
Turkish 255 145 110 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 10 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 855 380 475 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 65 30 35 705 295 410
Finnish 65 40 30 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 725 315 410 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 3,895 1,800 2,090 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 820 380 445 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 2,850 1,320 1,530 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 120 50 70 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 100 50 50 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 225,680 108,745 116,930 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 217,810 105,135 112,680 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 201,355 97,515 103,835 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 200,100 96,955 103,145 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,255 565 685 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 16,455 7,615 8,840 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,450 7,610 8,835 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,255 620 640 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 110 50 65 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 105 45 55 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,140 565 575 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 10 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 1,060 520 540 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 15 5 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 20 10 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 475 225 255 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 30 45 800 375 420
Vietnamese 405 195 210 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 770 335 435 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 10 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 415 175 240
Ilocano 35 20 20 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 690 300 390 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 40 15 25 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 5 20 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 145 70 70 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 105 55 55 1,225 615 605
Tamil 35 15 15 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 0 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 9,560 4,370 5,190 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 70 40 35 695 335 360
Armenian 70 30 40 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 3,085 1,425 1,660 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 25 10 20 210 90 115
Latvian 10 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 5 10 125 60 65
Slavic languages 3,065 1,420 1,645 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 115 60 55 595 300 300
Bulgarian 165 75 90 1,035 485 550
Croatian 135 65 65 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 50 20 25 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 30 20 10 150 75 75
Polish 1,015 445 570 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 495 235 255 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 675 330 345 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 500 235 265
Slovak 60 30 30 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 145 65 85
Ukrainian 245 110 140 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 480 210 265 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 25 10 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 55 20 35 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 390 175 215 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 150 65 80 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,670 835 840 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,375 690 680 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 85 45 40 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 290 155 140 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 190 105 80 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 15 5 10 270 140 130
Nepali 30 15 20 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 280 125 160 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 15 10 10 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 5 15 675 330 340
Urdu 445 220 220 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 290 140 155 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 115 55 60 1,080 540 535
Pashto 10 5 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 175 85 90 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 4,030 1,765 2,265 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 1,915 770 1,150 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 150 65 85 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 135 65 70 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,825 865 960 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 130 65 70 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 650 310 340 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 115 55 65 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 5 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 35 15 15 65 25 40
Swahili 40 15 20 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 5 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 65 35 30 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 25 15 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 20 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,695 1,250 1,445 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 2,675 1,240 1,435 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 615 290 325 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,890 855 1,030 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 15 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 55 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 5 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 15 10 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 155 70 80 1,380 595 785
Lao 140 65 70 460 225 235
Thai 15 5 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 155 90 70 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 195 105 95
Turkish 130 75 60 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 5 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 230 95 130 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 10 5 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 210 85 120 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 7,865 3,610 4,255 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 540 235 305 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 7,145 3,295 3,850 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 35 10 25 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 145 65 80 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 225,680 108,745 116,935 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 202,800 98,165 104,635 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 7,865 3,735 4,120 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 2,830 1,160 1,665 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 11,830 5,505 6,335 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 50 20 30 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 11,785 5,480 6,300 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 60 30 30 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 135 70 65 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 155 75 80 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 190,630 90,750 99,885 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 184,355 87,820 96,535 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,713 35,789 25,702 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 184,420 87,820 96,595 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,466 32,477 24,128 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 161,900 78,680 83,215 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,848 33,346 21,824 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 142,655 63,580 79,075 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,854 5,643 7,346 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 130,465 66,430 64,035 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,035 31,328 23,994 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 190,735 90,815 99,920 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 184,445 87,900 96,545 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,123 45,434 33,376 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 184,515 87,905 96,610 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,561 38,275 29,272 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 161,805 78,455 83,345 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,193 44,417 30,393 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 142,980 63,915 79,060 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,380 7,964 8,716 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 130,540 66,225 64,315 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,565 41,740 31,238 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 190,735 90,820 99,915 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 57,365 31,370 25,995 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,794 52,214 41,671 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,161 60,878 48,261 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.5 87.5 78.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.4 69.7 62.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.5 12.5 21.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 190,630 90,750 99,880 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 6,280 2,930 3,345 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 184,355 87,820 96,535 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.8 96.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 26,115 11,455 14,665 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 36,285 14,095 22,185 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 30,515 11,960 18,560 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 23,960 11,040 12,915 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 19,550 9,795 9,755 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 14,060 7,800 6,255 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 9,405 5,675 3,730 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 6,360 4,000 2,360 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 4,760 3,035 1,720 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 4,115 2,435 1,680 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 9,235 6,525 2,705 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 6,770 4,670 2,105 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,465 1,860 600 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 190,635 90,750 99,885 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 6,215 2,925 3,285 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 184,420 87,820 96,595 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.8 96.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 26,870 11,585 15,280 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 38,035 14,825 23,215 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 35,120 14,175 20,950 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 27,525 13,270 14,260 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 21,065 11,240 9,825 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 12,580 7,455 5,120 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 7,920 5,095 2,825 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 5,850 3,605 2,250 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 9,450 6,580 2,870 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 3,625 2,280 1,340 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,925 1,400 530 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 3,900 2,900 1,005 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 190,635 90,750 99,885 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 60,170 24,320 35,845 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 130,465 66,430 64,035 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.4 73.2 64.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 21,160 11,255 9,900 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 11,865 5,260 6,605 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 20,005 8,545 11,460 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 16,960 7,265 9,690 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 14,120 6,435 7,685 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 12,340 5,945 6,395 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 9,155 5,285 3,870 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 6,175 3,880 2,290 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 4,535 2,940 1,605 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 14,155 9,620 4,535 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 3,655 2,345 1,315 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 3,610 2,060 1,550 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 6,885 5,215 1,670 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 96,040 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,625 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,880 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 29,360 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,336 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,843 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 66,675 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,568 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,624 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 96,055 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,125 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,469 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 29,365 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,820 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,222 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 66,690 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,670 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,787 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 96,035 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,460 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,375 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,265 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,470 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,110 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,585 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,825 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,930 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,900 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,740 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,665 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,595 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,600 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,685 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,895 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,935 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,850 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,445 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,285 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,355 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 96,040 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,520 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,395 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,305 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,710 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,665 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,200 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,490 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,715 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,740 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,395 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,780 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,455 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,135 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,780 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,675 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,085 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,530 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,060 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,495 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 63,575 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,046 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,937 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 24,355 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,398 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,900 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 24,980 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,934 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,481 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 12,425 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,096 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,287 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 63,450 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,397 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,278 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 24,200 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,035 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,479 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 25,070 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,580 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,120 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,330 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,489 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,709 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 39,335 17,935 21,400 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,365 29,450 26,314 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,603 27,029 24,887 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 39,490 17,975 21,515 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,873 38,233 33,902 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,033 32,443 29,855 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 224,060 107,920 116,140 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 128,305 59,720 68,585 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 26,085 12,205 13,880 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 26,865 11,615 15,255 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 26,195 12,035 14,160 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 24,775 11,920 12,855 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 24,380 11,950 12,430 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 95,755 48,200 47,555 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 22,980 11,415 11,570 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 21,735 10,830 10,900 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 19,790 9,975 9,815 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 18,010 9,155 8,850 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 13,235 6,820 6,415 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 224,060 107,915 116,140 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 40,970 21,005 19,970 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 12,710 6,550 6,160 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 139,165 67,175 71,995 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 43,920 19,740 24,175 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 38,175 17,085 21,090 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 9,390 4,840 4,550 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 3,225 1,645 1,585 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 23,305 10,410 12,895 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 5,485 1,835 3,650 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.0 15.8 18.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.9 23.0 22.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 25.4 25.1 25.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.7 15.5 17.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.5 9.3 15.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,210 10,130 11,080 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 4,385 2,285 2,095 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 1,535 765 770 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 15,735 7,420 8,320 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,090 420 665 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.5 9.4 9.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.9 10.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 11.7 12.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.3 11.0 11.6 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.5 2.1 2.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 224,050 107,870 116,180 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 222,090 107,110 114,980 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 221,980 107,065 114,915 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 16,035 6,880 9,155 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 46,880 21,880 25,000 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 55 35 15 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 20 15 10 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 15 10 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 46,835 21,850 24,985 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,105 1,580 1,530 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 220 130 95 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 10 0 10 245 140 110
Somali 195 125 80 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,920 1,480 1,440 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 40 15 25 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 2,610 1,315 1,295 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 135 80 55 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 85 45 40 315 155 155
Tigrigna 55 25 25 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 950 430 520 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 245 95 145 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 705 335 370 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,350 925 1,425 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 15 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 105 40 65 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 10 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 80 25 55 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 50 15 30 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,265 885 1,375 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 150 85 70 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 75 40 35 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 495 265 230 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 20 10 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 310 175 135 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 145 80 60 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 65 30 35 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 32,290 15,025 17,260 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 185 80 105 1,640 840 795
Armenian 250 120 135 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 7,975 3,660 4,320 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 140 70 70 1,030 515 520
Latvian 85 35 50 555 290 265
Lithuanian 55 35 20 475 220 250
Slavic languages 7,860 3,615 4,250 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 330 150 180 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 280 155 130 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 715 345 370 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 240 120 125 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 100 55 45 400 220 185
Polish 2,835 1,235 1,600 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,135 535 600 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,410 710 700 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 105 45 55 1,525 770 750
Slovak 170 80 90 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 75 105 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,145 480 665 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 420 215 205
Celtic languages 100 60 45 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 660 395 265
Welsh 20 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 860 450 410
Germanic languages 5,065 2,195 2,870 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 130 50 80 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 85 35 50 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,420 635 785 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 25 15 15 465 230 240
German 3,390 1,455 1,935 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 45 20 30 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 70 30 45 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 0 20 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 10 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 590 285 305 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 3,780 1,920 1,860 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 3,120 1,580 1,545 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 230 130 100 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 590 315 270 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,360 730 625 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 10 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 10 415 215 200
Marathi 70 30 40 1,475 780 695
Nepali 70 45 25 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 800 370 430 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 65 30 40 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 50 50 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 955 465 490 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 665 350 320 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 280 130 145 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 15 10 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 405 225 185 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 14,935 7,005 7,935 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 20 20 0 395 210 180
Italian 8,780 4,100 4,685 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 735 335 405 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 460 240 225 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 5,465 2,550 2,915 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 380 245 140
Japanese 385 160 225 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 115 55 60
Georgian 15 10 10 115 55 55
Korean 915 420 495 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 805 380 420 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 140 60 80 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 25 10 15 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 40 20 20 425 240 185
Lingala 10 10 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 135 65 75 415 220 195
Swahili 240 125 115 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 15 10 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 130 65 70 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 35 55 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 355 180 180 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 200 95 105 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 155 85 65 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,420 2,165 2,255 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 4,395 2,165 2,230 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,300 585 715 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 15 10 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 3,205 1,560 1,645 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 150 80 75 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 25 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 215 120 95 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 0 20 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 20 0 20 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 390 145 245 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 295 120 170 1,630 735 890
Thai 120 30 90 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 340 185 150 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 25 20 10 945 510 435
Turkish 235 120 115 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 55 35 25 115 60 55
Uzbek 20 10 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 940 425 510 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 50 20 30 780 350 425
Finnish 95 45 45 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 795 365 435 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 224,055 107,870 116,180 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 212,455 102,640 109,820 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 39,935 20,510 19,420 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 172,525 82,125 90,400 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,590 5,230 6,360 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 224,055 107,870 116,180 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 176,775 85,815 90,955 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 43,780 20,305 23,480 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 20,565 9,545 11,020 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 4,615 2,190 2,425 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 6,240 2,840 3,400 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 8,580 3,990 4,595 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 4,220 1,950 2,275 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 4,365 2,045 2,325 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,770 1,740 2,035 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,500 1,750 1,745 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 43,780 20,300 23,475 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 5,210 2,575 2,640 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 8,825 4,445 4,380 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 10,475 4,645 5,825 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 16,480 7,340 9,135 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 2,785 1,295 1,490 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 43,780 20,305 23,475 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 7,635 3,445 4,190 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 95 10 85 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 995 455 540 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 355 145 215 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 155 90 65 1,305 600 710
Haiti 55 10 40 570 250 315
Jamaica 665 390 275 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 300 140 160 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 110 40 70 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 510 240 280 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,635 1,080 1,560 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,750 845 905 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 23,020 10,760 12,260 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 440 205 240 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 715 375 340 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 145 60 85 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,350 555 800 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 250 150 100 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 515 245 265 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 225 125 95 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 4,960 2,400 2,565 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,235 610 630 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 1,925 820 1,105 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 305 160 150 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 480 245 230 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 385 160 225 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 485 220 265 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 595 235 360 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,055 3,285 3,770 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,960 915 1,040 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,275 1,125 1,150 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 80 35 45 485 310 175
Egypt 225 115 110 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 50 20 30 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 130 65 70 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 40 25 15 985 535 455
Nigeria 160 65 90 1,740 925 815
Somalia 145 100 40 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 230 105 125 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,210 595 610 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 10,725 4,890 5,835 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 90 35 55 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 125 75 50 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,725 750 975 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 165 80 90 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,605 755 850 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 330 195 135 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 260 125 130 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 200 60 130 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 460 215 245 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 200 110 85 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 600 300 295 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,260 920 1,340 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 155 75 75 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 195 100 95 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 80 30 50 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 590 245 345 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,700 810 885 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 125 80 45 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,770 1,735 2,035 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 820 390 425 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 140 60 75 580 250 325
Cuba 60 30 30 140 60 80
Haiti 25 10 20 35 35 10
Jamaica 135 80 50 625 355 265
Mexico 20 15 10 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 105 155 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 10 30 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 140 75 60 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 480 220 265 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 45 20 25 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 60 35 35 690