Census Profile, 2016 Census
Stratford [Population centre], Ontario and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Stratford
Ontario
[Population centre]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Stratford [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Stratford [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 31,053 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 30,516 r ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.8 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 14,125 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 13,671 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,388.0 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 22.37 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 31,055 14,920 16,135 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 4,635 2,420 2,210 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 1,400 690 710 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 1,595 875 720 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 1,640 860 785 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 20,000 9,765 10,235 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 1,785 920 865 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 1,795 910 885 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 1,735 865 870 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 1,795 865 930 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 1,785 865 920 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 1,885 935 950 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 1,935 925 1,015 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 2,380 1,140 1,240 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 2,490 1,210 1,280 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 2,405 1,115 1,290 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 6,425 2,735 3,690 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 1,995 900 1,090 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 1,465 675 795 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 1,100 480 615 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 870 355 510 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 995 320 680 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 615 205 410 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 310 100 205 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 70 10 60 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 5 0 5 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 16.2 13.7 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 64.4 65.4 63.4 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 20.7 18.3 22.9 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 3.2 2.1 4.2 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 43.7 42.1 45.2 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 45.3 43.2 47.2 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 13,675 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,385 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 595 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 5,695 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,495 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 840 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 680 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,645 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 13,670 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 4,590 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 4,900 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 1,905 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 1,535 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 740 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 30,215 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 26,420 12,500 13,925 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 14,710 7,370 7,340 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 12,010 6,015 6,000 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 2,700 1,355 1,345 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 11,710 5,130 6,580 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 6,820 3,640 3,185 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 1,030 440 590 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 1,975 695 1,285 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 1,885 360 1,525 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 8,750 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 4,880 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 1,800 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 1,495 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 575 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 8,750 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 7,190 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 5,845 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,350 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,560 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 1,225 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 340 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 7,190 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 3,960 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 3,230 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 1,325 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 1,355 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,560 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 915 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 480 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 170 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,025 2,690 3,330 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 13,670 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 8,530 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,880 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 4,655 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 105 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,035 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 4,590 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 445 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 30,505 14,735 15,770 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 28,520 13,965 14,555 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 5 0 0 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 1,855 720 1,135 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 130 55 75 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 30,505 14,740 15,770 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 30,160 14,590 15,570 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 195 85 105 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 35 20 15 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 115 45 75 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 215 95 115 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.7 0.6 0.7 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 30,505 14,740 15,770 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 30,265 14,630 15,635 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 28,200 13,675 14,525 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 27,995 13,580 14,415 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 205 90 105 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 2,070 955 1,110 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,065 960 1,115 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 40 35 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 0 0 0 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 0 0 0 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 5 0 0 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 70 35 35 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 5 5 745 340 405
Arabic 55 30 25 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 10 5 5 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 15 5 10 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 75 25 50 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 5 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 5 0 0 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 0 0 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,250 590 660
Malay 0 0 0 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 20 40 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 320 140 180
Creole languages 0 0 0 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 30 15 15 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 5 240 130 110
Malayalam 10 5 5 440 235 205
Tamil 10 0 5 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 10 5 5 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 1,440 665 775 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 5 0 5 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 0 0 0 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 195 85 110 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 10 5 5 850 335 515
Latvian 5 5 0 290 120 175
Lithuanian 5 0 0 555 215 340
Slavic languages 185 80 110 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 5 5 5 80 45 35
Bosnian 5 0 0 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 0 0 0 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 15 5 10 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 5 0 0 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 5 0 0 205 105 95
Polish 85 35 55 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 30 15 15 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 10 5 10 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 1,805 865 940
Slovak 0 0 5 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 15 10 10 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 5 5 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 5 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 560 255 305 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 0 5 0 125 60 65
Danish 10 5 10 395 190 200
Dutch 220 100 125 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 5 5 0 10 10 0
German 300 135 165 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 200 100 100
Swedish 5 5 5 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 540 240 300
Yiddish 5 5 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Greek 65 30 35 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 235 120 120 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 215 110 105 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 10 5 0 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 75 40 35 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 30 10 20 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 0 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 5 0 5 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 80 45 35 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 5 0 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 645 310 330
Urdu 10 5 5 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 20 10 10 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 0 0 0 985 550 430
Pashto 5 5 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 10 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 370 165 205 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 5 0 0 320 170 150
Italian 145 70 75 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 45 20 25 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 15 5 10 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 160 75 85 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 75 50
Japanese 40 15 25 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 45 20 25 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 20 15 5 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 5 0 0 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 0 0 0 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 5 0 5 85 45 40
Swahili 5 5 0 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 0 0 0 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 0 0 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 170 165
Sign languages 10 5 0 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 125 55 70 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 125 55 75 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 45 20 25 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 0 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 70 35 40 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 5 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 5 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 5 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 125 60 65 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 95 45 50 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 25 15 15 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 5 0 5 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 0 5 5 290 160 130
Turkish 0 0 5 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 5 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 60 30 30 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 5 0 195 75 120
Finnish 10 5 5 360 125 240
Hungarian 45 20 25 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 685 385 300
Multiple responses 240 105 130 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 45 15 30 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 180 90 90 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 10 5 5 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 30,505 14,735 15,770 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 30,115 14,550 15,565 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 29,435 14,225 15,210 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 29,395 14,205 15,190 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 45 20 20 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 680 320 355 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 680 325 360 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 35 15 20 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 5 5 0 340 150 185
Arabic 30 15 15 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 0 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 5 5 5 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 30 15 20 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 5 5 5 740 305 435
Malagasy 0 0 0 360 185 170
Malay 0 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 15 15 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 0 0 0 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 5 5 5 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 5 5 5 200 100 100
Tamil 0 0 0 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 5 0 5 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 345 155 190 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 5 0 5 1,615 795 820
Armenian 0 0 0 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 40 20 20 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 35 20 15 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 0 0 0 965 475 495
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 0 0 0 1,015 475 545
Czech 5 5 0 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 0 0 130 65 65
Polish 25 10 10 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 5 5 0 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 5 0 0 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 960 470 490
Slovak 0 0 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 225 95 135
Ukrainian 0 0 0 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 45 20 20 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 20 10 10 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 30 10 15 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 5 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 30 10 15 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 125 60 65 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 110 55 60 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 0 0 0 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 45 20 20 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 5 5 0 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 5 5 5 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 45 25 25 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 5 0 5 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 5 5 0 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 15 5 10 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 0 0 0 510 280 235
Pashto 5 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 110 40 70 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 35 10 20 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 15 0 10 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 5 0 5 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 60 25 30 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 25 15 10 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 20 15 15 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 0 0 0 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 0 0 0 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 530 225 305
Shona 0 5 5 20 10 10
Swahili 0 0 0 1,100 535 565
Wolof 0 0 0 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 65 65
Sign languages 15 10 0 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 5 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 80 35 45 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 85 35 45 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 30 15 15 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 50 25 25 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 5 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 90 45 45 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 70 40 35 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 20 10 10 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 0 0 0 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 15 10 5 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 5 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 10 5 5 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 385 185 200 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 20 5 10 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 365 180 185 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 0 0 0 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 30,505 14,735 15,770 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 29,230 14,145 15,085 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 310 160 145 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 230 95 135 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 690 325 365 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 5 5 0 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 685 320 365 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 0 0 5 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 5 0 5 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 25 5 20 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 25,625 12,245 13,385 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 25,020 11,955 13,070 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,255 41,603 30,406 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 25,030 11,960 13,070 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,869 36,837 27,861 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 23,160 11,190 11,970 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,162 40,225 26,117 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 17,890 7,725 10,170 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,840 5,952 7,237 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 18,860 9,510 9,350 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,134 40,443 27,618 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 25,640 12,255 13,385 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 25,075 12,010 13,065 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,162 49,198 37,612 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 25,080 12,010 13,065 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,795 41,313 32,643 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 23,140 11,245 11,895 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,443 47,307 33,956 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 17,970 7,805 10,170 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,154 7,576 8,598 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 18,855 9,550 9,300 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,317 45,028 33,454 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 25,640 12,255 13,385 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,375 5,235 4,145 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,022 53,927 44,754 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 54,904 59,402 49,224 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.6 90.1 82.3 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.0 73.1 64.0 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.4 10.0 17.7 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 25,625 12,240 13,385 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 600 285 320 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 25,020 11,955 13,070 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 97.6 97.7 97.6 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,730 1,170 1,560 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 4,205 1,610 2,595 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 3,790 1,500 2,295 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 3,270 1,465 1,810 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 3,075 1,470 1,605 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 2,445 1,350 1,090 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 1,550 920 625 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 1,100 690 415 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 740 445 290 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 725 390 335 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 1,390 950 445 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 980 665 315 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 415 280 130 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 25,625 12,240 13,380 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 600 285 310 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 25,025 11,960 13,075 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 97.7 97.7 97.7 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,850 1,195 1,655 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 4,410 1,705 2,710 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 4,500 1,810 2,690 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 3,955 1,875 2,080 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 3,525 1,845 1,675 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 2,065 1,225 845 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 1,310 805 505 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 945 535 410 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 1,450 960 490 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 505 310 195 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 300 205 100 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 645 450 200 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 25,625 12,245 13,385 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 6,765 2,735 4,030 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 18,865 9,510 9,355 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 73.6 77.7 69.9 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,620 1,235 1,385 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 1,605 640 965 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 2,385 1,005 1,385 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 2,120 900 1,220 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 2,130 925 1,205 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 2,200 1,130 1,065 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 1,790 1,085 705 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 1,090 700 390 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 775 520 255 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 2,140 1,370 775 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 595 345 250 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 585 315 270 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 965 710 250 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 13,670 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,467 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,969 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 4,595 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,513 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,219 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 9,080 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,615 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,183 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 13,670 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,176 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,509 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 4,595 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,327 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,739 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 9,080 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,323 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,580 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 13,670 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 145 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 175 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 415 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 520 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 640 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 605 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 620 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 650 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 650 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 665 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,265 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,105 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 975 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 840 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 765 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,650 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,390 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 890 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 820 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 555 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 13,670 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 155 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 180 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 425 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 555 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 745 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 685 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 705 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 785 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 810 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 790 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,375 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,210 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,055 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 905 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 715 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,565 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,220 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 620 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 720 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 8,745 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,507 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,019 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,820 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,421 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,925 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 3,255 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,793 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,787 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,495 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,360 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,440 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 8,740 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,703 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,785 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,800 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,724 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,592 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 3,265 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,937 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,013 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,500 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,856 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,825 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,570 2,500 3,070 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,309 35,776 31,772 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,197 31,608 29,111 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,535 2,475 3,060 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,685 40,884 38,715 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,426 34,816 34,111 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 30,210 14,645 15,570 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 15,210 7,120 8,090 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 2,465 1,160 1,305 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 2,675 1,170 1,505 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 3,390 1,530 1,860 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 3,315 1,625 1,690 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 3,370 1,640 1,730 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 15,005 7,530 7,480 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 3,525 1,770 1,760 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 3,220 1,610 1,610 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 3,170 1,580 1,590 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 2,870 1,440 1,430 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 2,220 1,125 1,090 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 30,215 14,650 15,565 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 5,670 2,960 2,710 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 1,670 840 830 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 18,775 9,140 9,640 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 5,765 2,545 3,220 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 3,620 1,610 2,010 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 865 455 410 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 290 150 135 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 2,125 945 1,180 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 635 210 420 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.0 11.0 12.9 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 15.3 15.4 15.1 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.4 17.9 16.3 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.3 10.3 12.2 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 11.0 8.3 13.0 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,945 935 1,010 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 425 220 205 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 150 80 70 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 1,415 680 735 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 105 35 70 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.4 6.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.5 7.4 7.6 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.0 9.5 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 7.4 7.6 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.4 2.2 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 30,190 14,635 15,555 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 30,060 14,590 15,470 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 30,060 14,590 15,470 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 1,825 740 1,090 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 2,985 1,395 1,595 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 0 10 0 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 10 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,990 1,395 1,595 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 100 50 55 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 0 0 0 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 0 0 0 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 0 0 0 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 100 45 55 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 15 10 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 70 35 35 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 10 0 10 40 10 25
Tigrigna 10 0 10 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 15 15 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 30 10 15 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 135 50 85 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 15 10 0 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 10 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 0 0 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 10 0 0 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 35 60 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 270 275
Creole languages 10 10 0 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 40 15 20 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 15 10 10 510 285 220
Tamil 20 10 10 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 2,175 1,000 1,175 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 0 0 0 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 0 0 0 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 215 50 160 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 10 0 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 10 10 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 0 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 210 50 160 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 0 0 0 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 10 0 0 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 10 0 10 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 75 20 60 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 55 10 45 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 30 10 20 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 15 0 20 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 15 0 10 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 30 15 15 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 20 0 15 155 95 65
Welsh 10 10 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 750 345 410 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 15 0 15 415 260 150
Danish 0 0 0 835 410 420
Dutch 270 105 165 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 10 0 15 10 0
German 460 220 245 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 0 0 0 510 255 255
Swedish 0 10 0 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 20 0 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 270 125 140
Greek 130 75 55 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 320 185 135 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 300 170 125 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 20 15 10 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 85 50 40 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 145 75 75 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 0 0 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 125 75 45 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 10 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,335 625 710
Urdu 30 15 10 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 20 15 0 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 0 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 805 370 435 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 0 0 0 890 525 365
Italian 220 110 110 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 110 50 65 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 20 0 15 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 470 210 255 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 345 145
Japanese 100 60 45 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 45 15 25 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 0 0 0 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 0 0 0 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 0 0 0 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 10 10 0 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 0 0 0 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 10 0 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 30 20 15 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 20 10 10 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 130 55 75 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 125 55 70 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 60 25 35 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 70 30 40 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 10 0 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 160 85 75 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 130 65 60 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 50 25 25 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 20 15 10 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 510 275 235
Turkish 10 0 0 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 15 10 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 70 35 40 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 0 10 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 65 30 35 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 30,190 14,635 15,555 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 29,395 14,280 15,115 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 5,465 2,860 2,605 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 23,935 11,425 12,510 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 795 355 440 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 30,190 14,635 15,555 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,695 13,040 13,650 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,410 1,545 1,860 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 2,005 935 1,065 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 395 180 210 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 355 145 205 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 370 165 205 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 200 90 115 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 165 75 90 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 285 115 160 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 90 45 40 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,410 1,550 1,860 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 495 230 265 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 600 255 345 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 850 385 460 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 1,295 615 680 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 170 65 105 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,410 1,545 1,860 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 560 250 305 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 10 0 10 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 10 0 0 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 20 15 0 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 15 10 10 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 0 0 0 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 45 25 15 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 50 15 30 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 0 0 0 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 10 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 285 125 160 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 110 45 65 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 1,945 880 1,065 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 10 0 10 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 15 10 10 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 220 95 125 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 70 35 35 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 15 0 10 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 35 30 820 485 330
Italy 90 35 55 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 235 110 125 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 60 15 40 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 35 20 20 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 20 10 15 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 20 0 15 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 15 20 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 15 0 10 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 925 455 470 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 125 45 75 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 110 60 55 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 0 0 0 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 20 10 15 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10 10 10 995 495 495
Kenya 10 0 10 785 355 430
Morocco 0 0 0 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 10 0 10 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 10 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 55 35 20 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 760 345 415 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 0 0 0 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 20 10 0 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 95 40 55 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 20 10 10 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 225 105 120 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 10 0 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 10 10 0 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 40 10 30 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 20 10 15 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 10 0 10 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 20 15 0 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 105 40 70 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 10 10 0 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 0 0 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 0 0 0 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 25 10 15 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 145 75 65 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 30 10 20 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 280 115 165 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 70 35 40 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 0 0 0 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 10 0 10 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 0 0 0 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 0 0 0 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 10 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 10 0 10 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30 20 15 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 10 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 20 15 10 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 10 0 10 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 0 10 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 0 0 0 2,945 1,260 1,685
Russian Federation 0