Census Profile, 2016 Census
Thunder Bay [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thunder Bay
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Thunder Bay [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Thunder Bay [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 93,952 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 95,251 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 45,168 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 42,088 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,315.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 71.40 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 93,950 45,620 48,335 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 13,265 6,800 6,465 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,360 2,295 2,060 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,505 2,280 2,220 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,400 2,220 2,180 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 61,200 30,370 30,825 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,930 2,540 2,390 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,660 3,380 3,280 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,500 3,295 3,205 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 5,700 2,895 2,805 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 5,205 2,565 2,640 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 5,215 2,545 2,670 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 5,775 2,795 2,975 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 6,995 3,430 3,565 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,510 3,660 3,850 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,710 3,265 3,445 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 19,485 8,440 11,045 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,910 2,810 3,100 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,150 1,895 2,260 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,405 1,495 1,905 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,730 1,145 1,590 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 3,295 1,100 2,195 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,970 740 1,230 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,020 305 715 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 265 50 215 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 35 0 35 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.1 14.9 13.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.1 66.6 63.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 20.7 18.5 22.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.5 2.4 4.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.6 42.1 44.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.5 42.6 46.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 42,085 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,325 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,555 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,040 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,000 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,320 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,340 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,280 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 105 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 170 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 42,090 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 14,930 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 14,675 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,935 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 4,405 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,135 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 91,315 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 80,690 38,815 41,870 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 41,020 20,490 20,525 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 32,240 16,130 16,110 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,780 4,365 4,415 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 39,670 18,325 21,345 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 24,365 13,410 10,955 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,080 1,290 1,790 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,630 2,355 3,270 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 6,595 1,270 5,325 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,720 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 14,645 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 5,480 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 4,015 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,585 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,725 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 20,040 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 15,655 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,385 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,680 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,445 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,235 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 20,040 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 11,080 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 8,960 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,970 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 3,585 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,410 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,680 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,565 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,505 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 610 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 21,105 10,105 10,995 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 42,090 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,830 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,755 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,075 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 440 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,815 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 14,930 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,880 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 92,255 44,870 47,380 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 84,630 41,560 43,065 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 70 40 30 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,135 3,125 4,015 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 420 145 275 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 92,255 44,875 47,385 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 89,890 43,810 46,080 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,875 895 980 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 90 40 50 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 400 135 270 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,915 910 1,010 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 92,260 44,875 47,385 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 90,935 44,255 46,680 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 80,230 39,365 40,865 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 78,170 38,405 39,765 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,060 965 1,100 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 10,705 4,890 5,815 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 1,175 470 705 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 1,165 465 700 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 30 60 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 20 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 45 20 30 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,075 430 645 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 665 275 390 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 405 155 250 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,530 4,420 5,110 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 280 170 115 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 5 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 5 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 5 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 270 165 105 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 5 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 255 150 100 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 0 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 40 65 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 100 40 60 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 220 80 145 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 10 5 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 5 0 5 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 15 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 185 60 120 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 15 10 5 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 160 85 75 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 0 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 115 55 60 1,750 905 845
Tamil 30 20 5 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 10 10 0 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 6,245 2,900 3,345 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 5 5 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 5 0 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,835 760 1,070 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 15 5 15 645 280 370
Latvian 10 5 5 320 145 175
Lithuanian 5 0 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,810 755 1,060 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 5 0 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 220 110 110 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 35 15 15 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 0 5 0 250 120 135
Polish 705 285 425 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 85 35 50 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 25 10 15 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 120 45 70 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 35 35 545 250 290
Ukrainian 520 195 325 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 750 330 420 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 10 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 40 20 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 155 60 95 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 5 80 30 50
German 490 220 265 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 0 10 835 410 430
Swedish 40 15 25 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 115 60 60 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 515 295 220 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 410 240 175 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 55 35 25 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 80 50 25 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 95 55 35 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 5 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 5 5 0 535 280 255
Nepali 25 15 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 25 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5 0 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,455 730 725
Urdu 90 50 45 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 100 55 45 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 5 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 95 50 40 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,020 1,460 1,565 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 2,360 1,140 1,220 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 325 160 170 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 30 15 15 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 295 145 150 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 30 5 20 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 70 40 35 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 50 35 20 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 5 0 150 70 85
Swahili 0 0 0 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 5 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 5 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 35 15 20 620 330 295
American Sign Language 25 10 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 745 375 370 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 505 250 255 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 160 65 90 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 295 155 140 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 5 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 10 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 240 125 115 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 10 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 205 100 100 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 20 10 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 5 5 0 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 10 5 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,530 650 875 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 20 15 5 455 195 260
Finnish 1,395 580 815 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 105 55 50 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,325 620 705 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 265 130 140 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,010 470 540 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 20 10 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 92,255 44,870 47,380 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 90,345 44,015 46,330 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 87,025 42,470 44,560 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 86,435 42,190 44,240 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 595 280 315 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 3,315 1,545 1,770 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 310 140 170 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 310 140 170 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 5 15 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 285 135 155 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 105 40 55 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,005 1,405 1,600 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 135 80 55 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 140 80 55 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 135 80 50 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 25 35 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 60 25 35 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 60 25 40 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 25 35 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 10 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 70 35 35 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 55 20 30 885 450 435
Tamil 10 5 5 1,935 965 965
Telugu 5 5 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,710 770 945 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 5 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 385 150 235 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 385 145 235 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 55 20 35 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 5 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 195 80 115 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 20 10 10 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 10 5 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 10 5 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 55 15 40 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 35 15 20 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 0 0 0 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 30 10 15 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 35 15 20 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 290 155 140 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 230 120 110 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 35 20 15 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 35 20 10 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 45 30 20 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 20 10 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 10 15 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 65 30 35 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 55 30 30 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 55 30 30 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 970 440 530 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 735 325 410 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 110 45 60 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 10 5 0 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 115 60 55 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 45 20 20 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Dinka 5 5 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 45 30 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 15 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 0 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 455 240 215 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 290 150 135 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 80 35 40 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 185 100 85 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 165 85 80 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 5 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 150 75 75 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 5 0 0 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 380 165 215 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 365 160 205 435 190 240
Hungarian 15 10 5 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,915 865 1,055 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 160 80 80 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,735 775 960 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 0 0 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 15 10 10 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 92,260 44,875 47,380 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 85,115 41,635 43,485 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,815 870 940 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,405 615 785 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 3,825 1,715 2,110 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 760 305 460 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 3,070 1,410 1,655 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 0 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 25 10 10 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 60 20 40 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 78,060 37,705 40,355 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,765 36,545 39,215 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,455 40,414 29,824 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,780 36,545 39,230 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,315 36,208 27,521 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,875 32,815 34,060 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,916 38,294 26,378 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,520 26,355 31,155 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,741 7,440 7,931 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 53,005 26,795 26,210 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,792 37,381 29,114 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 78,220 37,765 40,455 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,845 36,530 39,315 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,434 48,657 36,652 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,850 36,530 39,325 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,277 40,943 31,943 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,940 32,770 34,165 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,453 47,395 33,794 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,645 26,385 31,260 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,856 8,496 9,161 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 53,070 26,720 26,345 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,293 45,669 34,841 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 78,220 37,765 40,450 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 23,365 12,405 10,960 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,425 57,626 47,559 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,361 65,387 52,540 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.2 87.3 80.3 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.4 68.8 63.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.8 12.7 19.7 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 78,065 37,705 40,355 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,295 1,155 1,140 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 75,765 36,545 39,215 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 97.1 96.9 97.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,870 4,000 4,875 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 13,165 5,105 8,055 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 11,395 4,610 6,785 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 9,785 4,395 5,390 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,600 4,090 4,510 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,870 3,630 3,240 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,860 2,890 1,970 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,480 2,110 1,370 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,485 1,520 965 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,045 1,225 820 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,210 2,970 1,235 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,175 2,230 945 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,030 740 295 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 78,060 37,705 40,355 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,285 1,155 1,125 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 75,780 36,550 39,230 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 97.1 96.9 97.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,190 4,045 5,140 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 13,825 5,405 8,420 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 13,215 5,455 7,760 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 11,715 5,410 6,305 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 9,845 5,025 4,820 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,445 3,770 2,675 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,245 2,630 1,620 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,935 1,790 1,150 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,360 3,015 1,345 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,815 1,165 650 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 830 595 235 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,715 1,255 460 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 78,060 37,710 40,355 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 25,055 10,910 14,145 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 53,005 26,795 26,210 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 67.9 71.1 64.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,860 3,935 3,925 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,090 1,810 2,280 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 7,020 3,100 3,925 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 5,960 2,725 3,240 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,560 2,435 3,125 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,470 2,420 3,050 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,600 2,430 2,170 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,275 1,965 1,305 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,460 1,500 965 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 6,705 4,470 2,235 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,960 1,185 775 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,710 1,010 695 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,040 2,275 760 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 42,090 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,887 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,959 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,935 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,164 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,033 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,155 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,315 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,252 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 42,135 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,383 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,308 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,840 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,614 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,754 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,295 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,290 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,378 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 42,085 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 470 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 715 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,720 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,930 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,215 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,825 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,960 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,120 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,975 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,930 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,595 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,155 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,825 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,520 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,135 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,995 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,285 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,585 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,635 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,480 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 42,085 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 490 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 720 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,760 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,010 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,480 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,090 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,360 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,435 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,375 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,285 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,945 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,570 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,090 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,610 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,190 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,670 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,650 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,980 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,030 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 25,765 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,865 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,584 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,515 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,902 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,508 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,060 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,883 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,269 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,400 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,931 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,560 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 25,925 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,157 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,974 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,580 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,597 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,850 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,110 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,802 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,432 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,395 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,687 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,962 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 19,060 9,140 9,920 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,917 32,412 29,767 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,453 29,478 27,716 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 18,820 8,955 9,865 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,566 41,112 36,253 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,305 34,897 31,860 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 91,315 44,505 46,815 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 46,815 22,025 24,790 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 10,910 5,370 5,545 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 9,125 3,945 5,180 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 8,565 3,930 4,630 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,970 4,215 4,750 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,250 4,565 4,690 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 44,500 22,480 22,020 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 9,645 4,740 4,910 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 9,345 4,695 4,650 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 9,675 4,910 4,770 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 9,285 4,775 4,515 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 6,550 3,370 3,180 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 91,320 44,505 46,815 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 16,130 8,280 7,850 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 5,315 2,765 2,550 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 57,510 28,345 29,170 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 17,675 7,875 9,795 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,965 6,915 8,055 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,980 2,080 1,910 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,565 825 735 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 8,985 4,215 4,770 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,000 625 1,375 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.4 15.5 17.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 24.7 25.1 24.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 29.4 29.8 28.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.9 16.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.3 7.9 14.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,925 4,495 4,430 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,130 1,140 995 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 900 480 420 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 6,410 3,220 3,185 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 380 135 245 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 10.1 9.5 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.2 13.8 12.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 16.9 17.4 16.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 11.4 10.9 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.1 1.7 2.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 91,495 44,495 47,000 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 91,085 44,340 46,745 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 91,030 44,300 46,730 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,050 3,045 4,005 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 13,385 6,245 7,140 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 1,655 735 920 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 1,655 735 920 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 10 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 40 85 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 110 30 80 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,555 700 855 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 910 415 490 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 655 290 360 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,755 5,525 6,230 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 430 245 185 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 10 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 415 235 180 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 390 215 170 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 15 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 100 30 75 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 100 25 75 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 245 95 155 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 0 0 0 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 10 0 15 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 25 15 10 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 220 75 150 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 70 50 15 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 50 15 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 130 55 75 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 85 40 50 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 45 15 25 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 7,860 3,750 4,110 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,995 880 1,120 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 15 0 15 635 310 325
Latvian 10 0 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,975 875 1,105 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 10 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 270 145 120 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 60 25 30 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 0 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 870 390 480 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 125 45 75 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 70 25 45 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 20 20 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 140 65 75 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 85 30 55 725 330 400
Ukrainian 510 185 325 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 0 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 910 395 515 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 30 20 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 40 10 30 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 125 55 75 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 665 295 370 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 10 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 40 10 30 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 150 90 60 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 755 445 315 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 610 355 250 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 145 95 50 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 65 40 25 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 230 140 95 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 10 0 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 40 25 15 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 95 45 45 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 170 95 80 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 160 90 65 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 15 15 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 145 75 65 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,140 1,975 2,165 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,070 1,500 1,570 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 370 145 225 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 10 0 0 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 750 350 395 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 40 25 15 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 115 50 70 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 155 100 55 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 35 20 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 15 15 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 0 0 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 25 15 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 155 70 80 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 85 25 65 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 45 20 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 845 400 440 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 540 260 280 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 205 85 120 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 325 170 155 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 0 15 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 15 25 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 305 140 165 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 75 45 30 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 270 125 145 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 20 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 10 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 20 0 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 10 10 0 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,775 735 1,040 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 45 10 35 495 205 295
Finnish 1,570 640 930 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 155 90 65 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 91,495 44,495 47,000 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 89,290 43,360 45,930 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,110 8,225 7,885 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,175 35,135 38,040 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,205 1,130 1,070 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 91,495 44,495 47,000 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 82,135 39,885 42,245 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,535 4,155 4,380 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,510 2,530 2,980 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 665 365 300 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 710 370 340 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,045 560 485 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 460 270 185 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 590 290 295 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 605 325 280 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 825 455 370 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,535 4,150 4,385 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,320 645 680 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,770 865 905 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 2,310 1,120 1,190 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 2,860 1,420 1,440 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 275 105 165 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,535 4,150 4,385 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 925 450 475 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10 0 0 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 50 25 25 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 25 15 10 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 15 0 10 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 25 15 0 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 40 10 25 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 20 15 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 30 0 25 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 595 280 310 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 120 75 50 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 5,700 2,685 3,015 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 170 95 75 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 55 15 45 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 445 215 235 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 80 40 40 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 95 65 35 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 30 35 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,760 890 865 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 140 50 90 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 515 240 275 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 205 100 105 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 25 15 10 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 40 15 25 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 50 20 30 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 80 25 50 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 910 430 475 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,075 435 635 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 245 160 80 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 0 10 0 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 25 15 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 25 25 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 15 20 0 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 160 85 70 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,600 805 795 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 15 10 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 100 60 40 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 235 125 115 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50 25 25 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 135 95 45 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 95 50 40 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 15 10 10 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 0 0 0 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 15 10 10 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 30 15 10 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 110 50 60 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 225 85 145 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 20 0 15 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 25 10 15 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 10 0 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 80 35 45 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 445 230 210 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 75 55 15 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 605 325 285 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 100 45 55 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 10 160 115 45
Mexico 0 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 60 30 25 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 25 0 20 1,855 875 975
Europe 60 20 35 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545