Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Population centre], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Population centre]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,429,524 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,144,412 r ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,059,207 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,967,380 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,028.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,792.99 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,429,540 2,630,030 2,799,510 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 886,880 455,160 431,725 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 279,435 143,100 136,330 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 303,845 155,985 147,855 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 303,605 156,065 147,540 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 3,752,140 1,824,300 1,927,840 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 333,875 171,965 161,915 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 383,245 195,315 187,930 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 398,310 196,715 201,595 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 388,955 187,000 201,955 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 371,100 174,030 197,075 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 377,095 177,105 199,985 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 401,610 191,170 210,440 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 419,655 204,850 214,810 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 372,655 180,855 191,795 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 305,640 145,295 160,345 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 790,515 350,565 439,945 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 257,495 121,000 136,495 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 180,655 83,640 97,015 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 140,090 62,395 77,705 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 104,975 45,295 59,685 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 107,290 38,240 69,050 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 67,280 26,150 41,130 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 31,290 9,890 21,400 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 7,520 1,985 5,540 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 1,195 220 980 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.3 15.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.4 68.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.3 15.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.8 38.7 40.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.4 38.1 40.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,967,380 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 721,585 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 622,945 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 622,360 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 148,745 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 178,590 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 85,880 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 205,820 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,320 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 495 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,967,380 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 492,315 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 547,370 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 343,060 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 340,325 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 244,310 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 5,370,520 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,542,655 2,174,870 2,367,785 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 2,503,410 1,251,495 1,251,915 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 2,243,340 1,119,090 1,124,250 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 260,075 132,405 127,665 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 2,039,245 923,375 1,115,870 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 1,439,665 744,990 694,675 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 119,725 46,900 72,830 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 253,000 90,060 162,945 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 226,850 41,430 185,420 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,481,755 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 623,865 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 365,285 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 353,935 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 138,675 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,481,755 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 1,208,530 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 1,078,590 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 129,945 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 273,230 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 227,295 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 45,930 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,208,530 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 461,640 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 746,890 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 286,260 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 330,465 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 130,170 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 273,225 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 162,225 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 79,025 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 31,980 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 875,705 394,065 481,640 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,967,380 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,299,140 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 391,905 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 907,235 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 87,660 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 580,575 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 492,310 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 88,265 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 4,700,275 2,324,460 2,375,810 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 4,635 1,940 2,695 1,110 530 580
English and French 431,595 187,195 244,400 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 252,930 100,320 152,610 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 5,023,255 2,461,895 2,561,360 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 66,870 30,880 35,990 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 49,885 22,535 27,355 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 249,425 98,610 150,810 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 91,815 42,145 49,670 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 5,163,885 2,504,960 2,658,915 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 2,749,615 1,362,280 1,387,335 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 2,690,050 1,334,640 1,355,410 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 59,565 27,640 31,930 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 2,414,265 1,142,680 1,271,580 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 530 235 295 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 365 160 200 315 135 180
Blackfoot 10 5 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 100 35 65 220 105 115
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 5 15 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 50 15 35 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 10 15 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 225 105 120 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 195 95 100 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 10 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 5 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 35 15 25 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 30 15 20 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 20 5 15 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 10 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 5 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 5 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 5 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 40 40 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,413,740 1,142,445 1,271,290 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 134,720 67,180 67,540 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 210 120 85 95 55 35
Kabyle 100 50 45 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110 70 40 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 14,355 6,170 8,185 1,355 675 680
Bilen 75 45 35 5 0 0
Oromo 1,000 490 515 165 95 75
Somali 13,210 5,605 7,610 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 10 5 5
Semitic languages 119,800 60,705 59,100 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 7,410 3,350 4,060 1,140 560 585
Arabic 81,030 41,680 39,345 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,715 4,745 4,970 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,760 880 875 440 240 195
Harari 925 440 485 25 10 15
Hebrew 10,220 5,460 4,760 1,770 960 805
Maltese 3,225 1,585 1,640 80 40 40
Tigrigna 4,690 2,145 2,545 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 835 415 415 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 170 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 49,620 22,650 26,970 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,850 1,285 1,570 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 46,705 21,345 25,365 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 60 25 40 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 156,930 62,290 94,640 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 455 200 255 310 140 170
Cebuano 4,960 1,980 2,980 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 55 25 25 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 2,260 865 1,390 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 9,290 3,630 5,660 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 25 10 15 15 0 10
Malay 4,235 1,910 2,325 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,245 560 685 635 290 345
Pangasinan 455 185 270 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 132,655 52,415 80,230 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 310 100 205 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 995 400 595 830 360 470
Creole languages 5,370 2,505 2,870 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 200 95 105 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,300 1,555 1,750 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,870 850 1,015 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 128,815 63,390 65,420 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 1,955 980 975 225 115 110
Malayalam 12,100 6,220 5,880 1,750 905 845
Tamil 105,815 51,355 54,455 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 8,680 4,710 3,970 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 265 125 135 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 1,297,780 627,740 670,040 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 12,905 6,435 6,470 1,090 560 530
Armenian 12,190 5,880 6,310 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 247,160 113,045 134,115 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 5,180 2,060 3,120 645 280 370
Latvian 2,130 855 1,280 320 145 175
Lithuanian 3,045 1,210 1,840 325 130 200
Slavic languages 241,985 110,985 131,000 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 350 165 185 60 30 30
Bosnian 2,655 1,285 1,365 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 6,735 3,245 3,490 1,725 805 915
Croatian 14,560 6,925 7,640 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 4,455 2,075 2,380 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 11,265 5,345 5,920 250 120 135
Polish 64,390 29,060 35,330 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 80,190 36,365 43,825 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 20,780 10,105 10,675 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 2,355 1,100 1,255 1,145 545 600
Slovak 4,910 2,285 2,625 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,385 1,465 1,915 545 250 290
Ukrainian 25,480 11,325 14,155 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 465 240 230 180 90 90
Celtic languages 410 190 220 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 150 65 80 125 65 60
Welsh 125 50 75 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 60 65 40 25
Germanic languages 39,530 17,780 21,745 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 885 430 455 1,435 730 705
Danish 1,270 565 705 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 6,765 3,165 3,600 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 100 45 55 80 30 50
German 25,400 11,270 14,130 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 85 40 40 155 70 80
Norwegian 345 155 190 835 410 430
Swedish 1,045 445 595 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 90 155 200 105 95
Yiddish 3,335 1,545 1,795 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 25 20 15
Greek 39,575 19,195 20,380 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 567,140 285,560 281,580 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 456,675 230,085 226,585 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 37,850 19,030 18,815 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 62,495 31,320 31,175 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 46,605 23,420 23,190 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 260 135 125 40 25 15
Konkani 2,105 995 1,110 225 110 110
Marathi 4,350 2,215 2,140 535 280 255
Nepali 4,605 2,315 2,290 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 570 310 265 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165,565 84,145 81,415 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5,585 2,605 2,980 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,580 3,660 3,920 1,455 730 725
Urdu 119,105 59,940 59,165 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 108,615 54,495 54,125 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 2,710 1,515 1,195 1,650 875 780
Pashto 7,425 3,820 3,605 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 98,475 49,155 49,325 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,850 980 865 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 378,865 179,655 199,210 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 160 85 75 125 65 55
Italian 137,515 65,390 72,125 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 97,295 46,505 50,790 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 23,740 11,070 12,670 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 119,935 56,500 63,440 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120 60 40 25
Japanese 9,440 3,285 6,150 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 1,100 590 510 65 40 25
Georgian 1,100 590 510 65 40 25
Korean 53,940 24,750 29,190 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 345 160 190 340 145 200
Mongolian 345 155 190 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 23,670 11,085 12,580 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 8,365 3,850 4,515 405 220 180
Bamanankan 55 25 30 10 10 5
Edo 1,015 410 605 80 45 30
Ewe 360 180 180 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 115 105 20 10 5
Ga 430 195 235 35 15 15
Ganda 500 240 265 65 35 30
Igbo 1,495 765 735 160 90 65
Lingala 375 175 195 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 350 165 185 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 375 165 205 105 45 55
Shona 655 305 340 150 70 85
Swahili 3,160 1,475 1,690 585 285 295
Wolof 160 85 75 30 10 20
Yoruba 3,265 1,650 1,610 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,885 1,285 1,600 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 340 185 155 265 135 135
Dinka 45 25 15 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 295 160 135 190 85 100
Sign languages 1,060 585 485 620 330 295
American Sign Language 360 195 165 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 700 385 315 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 507,190 235,560 271,630 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 500,745 232,420 268,320 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 242,915 112,790 130,125 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 6,385 2,865 3,525 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 223,015 103,800 119,215 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 760 365 395 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,360 5,250 6,115 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,220 2,345 2,875 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 10,895 4,915 5,980 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,445 3,140 3,305 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 995 445 550 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 270 130 140 770 370 400
Tibetan 4,855 2,395 2,460 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 330 170 160 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 3,660 1,495 2,175 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 2,090 1,010 1,075 800 405 400
Thai 1,555 475 1,080 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 20 10 10
Turkic languages 16,295 8,475 7,810 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 1,590 855 740 495 275 225
Turkish 13,345 6,965 6,375 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 370 185 190 165 80 85
Uzbek 580 295 290 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 400 180 220 165 70 95
Uralic languages 22,500 10,030 12,465 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 2,505 1,025 1,485 455 195 260
Finnish 2,135 845 1,290 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 17,855 8,160 9,690 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 935 480 455 365 200 170
Multiple responses 225,555 108,955 116,600 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 13,775 6,385 7,395 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 199,835 97,180 102,650 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 5,810 2,620 3,185 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 6,135 2,770 3,370 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,389,430 2,613,915 2,775,520 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 4,852,000 2,355,300 2,496,695 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 3,440,400 1,687,780 1,752,620 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 3,412,630 1,674,945 1,737,680 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 27,770 12,830 14,940 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,411,600 667,525 744,070 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 155 75 75 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 75 40 35 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 15 10 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 20 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 15 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 25 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,411,445 667,445 743,995 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 71,690 34,320 37,370 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 60 30 25 40 20 20
Kabyle 30 15 15 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 8,365 3,525 4,840 695 315 380
Bilen 40 20 25 0 0 0
Oromo 545 255 295 80 40 35
Somali 7,750 3,240 4,510 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 5 5 5
Semitic languages 63,080 30,675 32,405 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 3,805 1,675 2,130 535 250 290
Arabic 43,100 21,220 21,885 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,540 3,140 3,405 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,055 520 535 305 160 145
Harari 515 240 280 10 5 5
Hebrew 4,320 2,220 2,100 785 400 385
Maltese 835 380 455 5 5 0
Tigrigna 2,465 1,080 1,385 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 430 205 230 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,635 14,890 17,745 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,555 675 880 620 290 330
Vietnamese 31,045 14,200 16,840 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 71,195 30,350 40,850 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 80 35 45 70 30 35
Cebuano 1,850 800 1,055 1,085 485 600
Fijian 10 5 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 755 325 435 355 150 205
Ilocano 3,400 1,455 1,940 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 10 5 10 5 5 0
Malay 1,380 670 715 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 385 175 210 135 65 75
Pangasinan 80 35 40 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 62,885 26,685 36,200 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 75 30 45 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 260 130 130
Creole languages 2,790 1,290 1,505 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 120 55 65 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,915 885 1,030 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 760 350 410 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 85,480 41,250 44,230 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 805 405 400 95 45 50
Malayalam 6,220 3,175 3,045 885 450 435
Tamil 73,640 35,095 38,550 1,935 965 965
Telugu 4,720 2,535 2,185 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 695,550 333,855 361,695 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 6,225 3,115 3,110 530 255 270
Armenian 7,350 3,475 3,875 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 129,425 60,445 68,980 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 1,600 660 935 160 75 90
Latvian 575 235 340 65 30 35
Lithuanian 1,025 430 595 90 45 50
Slavic languages 127,825 59,780 68,045 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 125 60 60 10 5 5
Bosnian 1,300 630 675 540 270 270
Bulgarian 3,775 1,840 1,935 925 425 495
Croatian 5,360 2,565 2,800 1,795 840 955
Czech 1,345 650 695 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 4,745 2,250 2,495 120 60 60
Polish 31,135 14,470 16,660 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 51,855 24,065 27,785 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 11,975 5,800 6,175 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 915 430 490 435 205 235
Slovak 2,185 1,065 1,120 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 825 355 475 60 25 35
Ukrainian 12,150 5,545 6,605 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75 25 10 15
Celtic languages 60 30 25 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 10 15 5 5
Welsh 10 10 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 5 0 0
Germanic languages 4,725 2,150 2,580 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 250 110 135 520 250 265
Danish 120 50 65 180 90 90
Dutch 550 255 295 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 5 5 5 0
German 3,145 1,410 1,735 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 20 5 15 50 25 30
Norwegian 40 15 20 75 35 35
Swedish 215 100 115 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 20 15 5
Yiddish 350 175 175 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Greek 16,600 7,760 8,845 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 355,150 175,850 179,300 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 282,005 140,240 141,765 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 24,325 12,005 12,325 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 37,390 18,335 19,060 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 23,355 11,620 11,735 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 45 20 25 5 0 0
Konkani 430 205 225 40 15 15
Marathi 1,955 1,005 950 245 125 120
Nepali 3,040 1,540 1,500 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 270 135 140 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 112,680 56,685 55,995 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 2,405 1,100 1,310 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,440 1,685 1,760 595 290 305
Urdu 72,660 35,910 36,745 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 72,405 35,235 37,170 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 1,440 780 660 1,025 515 505
Pashto 4,695 2,355 2,340 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 66,275 32,095 34,175 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 740 375 360 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 176,010 81,040 94,970 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 80 40 40 60 30 35
Italian 48,970 20,920 28,055 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 48,110 23,050 25,055 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 11,610 5,390 6,225 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 67,175 31,610 35,565 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 10 5 10
Japanese 4,480 1,915 2,565 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 745 405 335 15 10 10
Georgian 740 405 340 15 10 10
Korean 37,770 17,625 20,140 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 200 105 100 160 80 85
Mongolian 205 105 100 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 8,870 3,960 4,905 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 4,015 1,740 2,280 125 70 55
Bamanankan 15 5 10 5 5 5
Edo 295 120 175 15 5 5
Ewe 90 40 50 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 75 35 40 0 0 0
Ga 145 65 80 5 0 0
Ganda 150 70 85 5 5 5
Igbo 410 205 205 35 20 15
Lingala 90 40 55 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 60 65 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 50 65 45 15 30
Shona 225 105 115 40 15 20
Swahili 1,230 540 685 155 60 90
Wolof 75 45 35 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,070 515 555 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 730 330 400 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 45 45 105 50 55
Dinka 10 5 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 60 20 40
Sign languages 1,660 965 700 830 460 370
American Sign Language 555 295 260 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,105 660 440 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 378,605 177,030 201,575 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 374,020 174,765 199,255 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 179,480 82,480 97,000 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 2,675 1,215 1,465 670 280 390
Mandarin 176,695 84,105 92,590 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 240 105 135 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,980 2,280 2,700 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,090 1,450 1,640 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,775 3,100 3,675 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 35 45 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,585 2,260 2,325 1,630 820 810
Burmese 570 260 305 685 350 335
Karenic languages 210 105 110 685 335 350
Tibetan 3,700 1,835 1,860 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,530 715 810 1,015 435 580
Lao 970 470 495 335 160 175
Thai 550 240 305 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 9,285 4,650 4,635 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 640 325 315 185 95 90
Turkish 7,975 3,980 3,995 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 215 110 100 100 50 50
Uzbek 310 165 145 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 40 15 25
Uralic languages 8,560 3,920 4,640 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 630 230 395 75 30 45
Finnish 415 180 240 435 190 240
Hungarian 7,515 3,505 4,010 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 110 50 60
Multiple responses 537,435 258,615 278,825 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 12,185 5,585 6,600 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 512,690 247,515 265,170 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 2,330 1,030 1,300 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 10,240 4,485 5,750 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 4,059,895 1,975,765 2,084,135 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 573,230 280,980 292,255 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 48,015 20,920 27,090 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 683,225 324,520 358,710 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 435 185 250 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 682,790 324,330 358,460 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 3,820 1,765 2,055 965 435 530
English and non-official language 13,105 6,410 6,695 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 7,895 3,445 4,455 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 250 115 135 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,485,350 2,151,700 2,333,645 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,254,740 2,041,845 2,212,895 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,014 35,486 27,686 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,255,435 2,042,025 2,213,410 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,692 32,291 25,941 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,735,375 1,836,390 1,898,990 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,152 37,338 27,784 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,068,395 1,352,495 1,715,905 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,123 998 3,741 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,153,650 1,595,810 1,557,845 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,317 38,641 30,510 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,485,725 2,151,900 2,333,830 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,255,475 2,041,985 2,213,490 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,118 59,794 41,191 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,256,160 2,042,200 2,213,965 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,278 46,588 34,458 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,735,945 1,836,465 1,899,480 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,862 62,449 41,625 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,068,135 1,352,300 1,715,830 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,363 5,481 7,058 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,153,965 1,596,085 1,557,885 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,662 60,906 42,192 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,485,730 2,151,895 2,333,830 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,488,180 818,260 669,925 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,941 60,166 51,725 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,842 84,302 63,286 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.8 93.9 86.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.3 79.6 72.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.2 6.1 13.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,485,350 2,151,700 2,333,645 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 230,610 109,860 120,750 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 4,254,740 2,041,845 2,212,895 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 763,555 347,080 416,480 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 770,435 327,705 442,735 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 545,305 236,955 308,355 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 426,865 193,445 233,420 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 371,190 172,520 198,670 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 294,250 143,010 151,240 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 231,875 119,655 112,220 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 181,995 98,550 83,450 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 144,615 80,165 64,445 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 122,530 65,300 57,230 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 402,130 257,465 144,665 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 244,815 148,925 95,890 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 157,310 108,540 48,770 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,485,345 2,151,705 2,333,645 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 229,915 109,680 120,235 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 4,255,435 2,042,025 2,213,415 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.9 94.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 776,015 351,385 424,630 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 800,145 341,855 458,290 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 622,175 273,000 349,175 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 506,890 233,435 273,455 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 428,590 204,910 223,685 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 313,515 160,735 152,780 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 229,640 125,710 103,935 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 176,635 96,460 80,175 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 401,835 254,535 147,295 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 118,825 67,420 51,400 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 71,215 44,080 27,140 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 211,795 143,035 68,760 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,485,345 2,151,705 2,333,645 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 1,331,700 555,895 775,805 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 3,153,650 1,595,805 1,557,845 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.3 74.2 66.8 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 396,680 186,410 210,270 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 263,610 119,885 143,725 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 435,350 205,860 229,490 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 343,395 158,605 184,785 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 309,985 145,840 164,145 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 283,815 135,050 148,765 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 231,700 117,150 114,550 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 185,380 98,655 86,730 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 148,890 83,255 65,635 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 554,845 345,095 209,755 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 121,685 69,155 52,525 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 108,555 57,950 50,600 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 324,605 217,980 106,625 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,967,380 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,518 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,196 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 492,315 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,284 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,101 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,475,070 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,630 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,323 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,967,555 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 108,395 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,128 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 492,475 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,739 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,666 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,475,085 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,975 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,304 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,967,380 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 45,670 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 31,255 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 48,970 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 72,860 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 69,080 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 71,255 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 72,655 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 74,045 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 73,960 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 72,565 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 140,110 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 131,050 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 121,160 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 111,745 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 102,675 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 728,325 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 205,845 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 149,570 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 178,280 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 194,630 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,967,380 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 48,175 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 31,565 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 49,785 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 75,575 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 75,690 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 78,360 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 82,540 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 87,000 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 89,295 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 87,435 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 167,070 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 152,470 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 139,615 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 123,875 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 106,420 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 572,520 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 204,555 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 133,630 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 234,340 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,418,695 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,279 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,950 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 381,755 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,997 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,015 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 745,680 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,062 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,348 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 240,690 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,356 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,125 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,418,175 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,555 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,479 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 381,845 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,732 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,620 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 746,125 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,376 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,509 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 239,190 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,147 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,554 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 710,010 335,120 374,890 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,181 32,948 31,573 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,543 30,010 29,180 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 708,525 333,920 374,605 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,700 50,146 45,520 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,832 40,028 37,766 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,370,515 2,605,995 2,764,520 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,635,600 1,252,915 1,382,690 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 626,795 302,630 324,165 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 553,235 255,400 297,840 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 503,590 237,300 266,285 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 478,745 228,975 249,770 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 473,240 228,615 244,630 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 2,734,920 1,353,085 1,381,835 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 476,880 231,510 245,375 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 489,145 239,025 250,120 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 516,090 254,485 261,605 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 568,130 282,000 286,135 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 684,665 346,070 338,600 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,370,520 2,605,995 2,764,525 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 1,077,570 553,445 524,125 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 337,255 172,765 164,490 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 3,542,115 1,714,060 1,828,055 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 750,830 338,490 412,345 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 873,325 411,775 461,550 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 223,495 115,235 108,260 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 72,435 37,260 35,175 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 542,900 254,105 288,795 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 106,920 42,430 64,490 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.3 15.8 16.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.8 20.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.5 21.6 21.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.8 15.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 14.2 12.5 15.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 732,405 350,620 381,780 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 173,895 89,620 84,270 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 56,775 29,135 27,640 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 487,620 234,110 253,505 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 70,895 26,885 44,005 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.6 13.5 13.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.2 16.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 16.8 16.9 16.8 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 13.7 13.9 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 9.4 7.9 10.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,371,025 2,606,395 2,764,630 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 5,119,210 2,506,430 2,612,780 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 5,114,880 2,504,655 2,610,225 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 433,650 187,295 246,355 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 2,980,865 1,420,145 1,560,715 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 985 405 585 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 825 350 475 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 185 85 100 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 55 30 20 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 0 15 20 10 20
Woods Cree 15 10 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 90 35 55 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 25 20 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 45 25 25 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 595 240 355 140 40 100
Algonquin 15 10 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 560 230 330 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 25 10 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 45 15 35 10 10 0
Oneida 10 10 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 10 10 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 10 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 10 10 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 10 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 10 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 20 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,979,935 1,419,770 1,560,165 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 203,300 101,890 101,410 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 235 135 100 125 80 45
Kabyle 75 40 30 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 165 95 70 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 20,380 8,885 11,490 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 75 45 30 15 0 15
Oromo 1,390 590 800 190 110 80
Somali 18,905 8,230 10,675 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 183,945 93,490 90,450 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 11,365 5,280 6,080 1,755 905 855
Arabic 119,665 61,755 57,905 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 11,995 5,860 6,140 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,080 1,040 1,035 545 270 275
Harari 1,250 635 615 55 35 20
Hebrew 37,745 19,225 18,520 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 4,165 2,035 2,130 165 90 80
Tigrigna 5,940 2,775 3,170 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,060 515 550 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 700 325 375 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 65,060 29,925 35,130 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,970 1,730 2,240 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 61,350 28,340 33,010 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 0 40 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 200,765 80,115 120,645 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 570 255 310 495 205 285
Cebuano 7,130 2,860 4,265 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 45 20 25 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 2,460 985 1,475 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 12,560 4,930 7,635 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 90 45 45 10 0 0
Malay 7,015 3,215 3,800 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,565 710 855 775 350 430
Pangasinan 435 190 245 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 188,840 74,950 113,890 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 320 100 220 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,255 525 730 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 16,380 7,360 9,020 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 640 285 350 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 8,935 4,015 4,925 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 6,960 3,115 3,845 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 170,055 84,545 85,505 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 4,300 2,140 2,155 445 210 235
Malayalam 16,600 8,450 8,150 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 140,900 69,315 71,585 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 13,070 7,200 5,875 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 430 220 210 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 25 15 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 1,670,260 812,610 857,650 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 14,895 7,440 7,450 1,135 580 555
Armenian 14,750 7,035 7,715 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 284,385 132,330 152,055 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 6,090 2,475 3,610 635 310 325
Latvian 2,500 1,045 1,450 310 175 140
Lithuanian 3,595 1,430 2,165 325 135 185
Slavic languages 279,935 130,535 149,400 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 915 480 440 205 95 110
Bosnian 4,205 2,040 2,170 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 7,750 3,770 3,980 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 21,210 10,340 10,865 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 5,935 2,820 3,115 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 15,485 7,385 8,100 345 180 160
Polish 77,395 35,400 41,995 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 107,415 49,880 57,540 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 26,595 13,150 13,440 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 2,775 1,330 1,440 1,240 595 645
Slovak 5,750 2,655 3,100 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,940 1,735 2,210 725 330 400
Ukrainian 36,660 16,375 20,285 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 600 350 250 250 120 125
Celtic languages 1,780 915 865 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 595 300 295 350 225 120
Welsh 215 95 120 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 970 520 450 685 370 320
Germanic languages 72,330 34,390 37,940 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 3,975 1,955 2,015 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 1,865 840 1,025 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 9,510 4,470 5,045 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 145 60 90 120 55 65
German 49,225 23,465 25,760 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 120 55 65 215 110 100
Norwegian 870 415 455 1,405 730 680
Swedish 2,375 1,085 1,290 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 105 145 220 125 100
Yiddish 6,480 3,185 3,300 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 75 40 30
Greek 57,745 28,385 29,355 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 735,150 371,350 363,800 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 612,745 310,215 302,530 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 47,600 24,185 23,415 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 85,245 42,705 42,540 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 201,555 102,590 98,970 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 460 230 230 45 25 20
Konkani 4,875 2,200 2,670 375 185 190
Marathi 8,470 4,365 4,100 1,275 650 625
Nepali 6,345 3,140 3,205 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 900 430 465 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 235,230 120,835 114,395 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 9,210 4,295 4,915 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,575 7,335 7,240 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 180,400 91,380 89,020 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 127,535 63,570 63,965 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 3,760 2,120 1,635 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 10,905 5,795 5,110 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 117,090 58,090 58,995 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,395 1,840 1,555 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 525,885 248,355 277,525 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 305 155 145 245 125 120
Italian 199,425 94,670 104,750 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 125,025 59,945 65,080 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 27,960 12,960 15,000 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 195,365 91,080 104,280 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 625 305 315 220 130 85
Japanese 17,015 7,335 9,680 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 1,455 740 715 90 50 40
Georgian 1,455 740 715 90 50 45
Korean 61,135 28,600 32,535 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 440 190 250 320 155 170
Mongolian 445 190 255 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 46,505 22,145 24,365 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 13,440 6,225 7,215 495 280 215
Bamanankan 200 115 90 20 10 10
Edo 1,875 820 1,055 115 65 55
Ewe 505 260 240 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 455 235 220 45 10 35
Ga 985 475 510 95 60 35
Ganda 830 395 435 105 60 45
Igbo 2,905 1,440 1,460 240 140 95
Lingala 2,015 875 1,140 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 510 250 255 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655 285 370 210 95 115
Shona 1,105 485 620 265 125 140
Swahili 10,070 4,960 5,110 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 410 190 225 30 15 15
Yoruba 7,685 3,850 3,830 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,145 2,845 3,300 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 450 255 195 300 150 150
Dinka 65 50 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 250 120 135
Sign languages 5,265 2,275 2,990 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 3,045 1,150 1,895 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,290 1,165 1,130 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 570,420 267,755 302,665 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 563,390 264,295 299,095 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 300,575 139,720 160,855 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 7,110 3,120 3,990 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 308,025 143,345 164,680 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 710 290 420 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,725 6,150 7,575 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,805 3,170 3,640 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,310 5,130 6,180 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 65 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,410 3,665 3,745 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 1,325 605 720 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 250 115 135 905 455 450
Tibetan 5,420 2,705 2,720 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 495 285 210 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 4,720 2,005 2,715 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 2,635 1,250 1,385 1,125 505 620
Thai 2,340 880 1,465 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 10 10 0
Turkic languages 24,065 12,495 11,575 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 2,625 1,330 1,300 835 455 385
Turkish 20,195 10,535 9,665 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 490 225 260 105 50 55
Uzbek 785 425 365 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 540 250 290 225 125 105
Uralic languages 25,660 11,605 14,055 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 2,750 1,190 1,560 495 205 295
Finnish 2,450 1,025 1,425 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 20,515 9,410 11,105 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,275 1,175 1,100 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,371,020 2,606,395 2,764,635 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 4,666,240 2,271,285 2,394,950 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 988,125 507,650 480,475 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,678,115 1,763,635 1,914,475 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 704,790 335,105 369,680 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,371,020 2,606,390 2,764,635 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 2,647,660 1,325,780 1,321,875 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,588,715 1,213,600 1,375,110 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 570,800 264,690 306,105 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 354,720 169,415 185,300 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 615,195 286,895 328,300 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 701,370 328,685 372,685 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 364,605 171,720 192,885 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 336,765 156,965 179,800 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 346,635 163,920 182,715 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 134,650 67,010 67,640 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,588,710 1,213,605 1,375,110 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 210,560 104,680 105,885 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 425,730 214,310 211,420 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 561,010 248,975 312,035 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 1,112,050 520,805 591,245 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 279,360 124,830 154,525 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,588,715 1,213,605 1,375,115 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 393,895 174,345 219,550 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10,010 4,705 5,305 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 16,110 7,390 8,715 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 10,615 5,280 5,335 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 67,295 29,760 37,535 920 415 500
Haiti 2,555 1,200 1,355 265 110 160
Jamaica 97,095 40,495 56,600 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 10,595 4,710 5,885 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 7,685 3,415 4,270 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 41,765 18,320 23,445 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 43,175 20,260 22,915 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 86,995 38,800 48,195 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 568,320 267,530 300,790 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,230 4,565 4,665 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 11,040 5,225 5,810 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 6,595 3,095 3,500 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 19,960 9,295 10,665 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 26,890 13,115 13,780 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 11,185 5,045 6,140 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 7,445 3,635 3,810 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 95,175 46,030 49,150 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 5,940 2,870 3,075 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 53,330 23,935 29,390 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 66,340 31,825 34,515 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 23,965 10,890 13,075 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 33,130 14,300 18,830 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 12,690 6,140 6,550 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 31,045 14,215 16,830 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 84,810 40,430 44,375 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 69,555 32,920 36,630 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 147,790 71,030 76,760 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 1,205 640 565 430 270 150
Egypt 23,285 12,065 11,215 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10,785 4,910 5,870 1,665 835 825
Kenya 10,980 5,025 5,955 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 3,395 1,655 1,740 730 385 340
Nigeria 15,970 7,910 8,065 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10,780 4,310 6,470 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 12,360 5,990 6,370 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 59,020 28,520 30,505 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,471,940 697,390 774,555 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 24,510 12,230 12,275 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 31,885 16,065 15,820 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 262,175 119,475 142,700 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 97,705 45,890 51,815 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 297,730 148,545 149,190 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 73,340 36,520 36,815 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 27,770 13,840 13,930 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 5,715 1,850 3,865 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 44,745 20,860 23,890 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 12,970 6,975 6,000 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 110,255 55,690 54,565 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 187,510 76,805 110,710 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 98,025 47,845 50,180 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,545 5,285 5,250 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 14,705 6,405 8,300 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 57,865 26,180 31,690 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 114,505 56,925 57,575 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 6,770 3,320 3,450 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 346,635 163,920 182,715 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 39,310 18,740 20,570 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 2,465 1,165 1,305 960 445 520
Colombia 2,495 1,175 1,320 465 220 240
Cuba 1,150 510 635 70 35 30
Haiti 865 415 450 15 0 10
Jamaica 7,205 3,760 3,440 160 115 45
Mexico 2,870 1,360 1,510 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,605 3,850 3,755 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,790 825 965 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 12,860 5,660 7,195 1,855 875 975
Europe 30,555 14,975 15,580 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 1,360 660 700 790 415 370
Germany 875 475 400 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,445 905 540 1,210 760 450
Moldova