Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Population centre], Ontario and Canada [Country]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Population centre]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Toronto [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,429,524 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,144,412 r ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,059,207 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,967,380 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,028.2 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,792.99 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,429,540 2,630,030 2,799,510 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 886,880 455,160 431,725 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 279,435 143,100 136,330 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 303,845 155,985 147,855 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 303,605 156,065 147,540 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 3,752,140 1,824,300 1,927,840 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 333,875 171,965 161,915 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 383,245 195,315 187,930 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 398,310 196,715 201,595 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 388,955 187,000 201,955 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 371,100 174,030 197,075 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 377,095 177,105 199,985 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 401,610 191,170 210,440 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 419,655 204,850 214,810 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 372,655 180,855 191,795 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 305,640 145,295 160,345 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 790,515 350,565 439,945 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 257,495 121,000 136,495 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 180,655 83,640 97,015 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 140,090 62,395 77,705 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 104,975 45,295 59,685 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 107,290 38,240 69,050 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 67,280 26,150 41,130 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 31,290 9,890 21,400 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 7,520 1,985 5,540 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 1,195 220 980 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.3 15.4 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.4 68.9 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.6 13.3 15.7 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.8 38.7 40.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.4 38.1 40.4 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,967,380 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 721,585 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 622,945 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 622,360 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 148,745 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 178,590 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 85,880 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 205,820 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,320 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 495 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,967,380 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 492,315 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 547,370 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 343,060 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 340,325 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 244,310 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 5,370,520 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,542,655 2,174,870 2,367,785 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 2,503,410 1,251,495 1,251,915 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 2,243,340 1,119,090 1,124,250 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 260,075 132,405 127,665 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 2,039,245 923,375 1,115,870 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 1,439,665 744,990 694,675 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 119,725 46,900 72,830 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 253,000 90,060 162,945 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 226,850 41,430 185,420 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,481,755 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 623,865 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 365,285 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 353,935 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 138,675 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,481,755 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 1,208,530 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 1,078,590 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 129,945 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 273,230 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 227,295 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 45,930 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,208,530 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 461,640 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 746,890 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 286,260 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 330,465 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 130,170 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 273,225 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 162,225 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 79,025 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 31,980 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 875,705 394,065 481,640 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,967,380 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,299,140 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 391,905 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 907,235 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 87,660 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 580,575 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 492,310 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 88,265 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 4,700,275 2,324,460 2,375,810 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 4,635 1,940 2,695 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 431,595 187,195 244,400 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 252,930 100,320 152,610 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 5,023,255 2,461,895 2,561,360 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 66,870 30,880 35,990 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 49,885 22,535 27,355 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 249,425 98,610 150,810 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 91,815 42,145 49,670 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 5,163,885 2,504,960 2,658,915 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 2,749,615 1,362,280 1,387,335 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 2,690,050 1,334,640 1,355,410 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 59,565 27,640 31,930 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 2,414,265 1,142,680 1,271,580 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 530 235 295 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 365 160 200 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 10 5 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 100 35 65 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 5 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 10 5 5 100 50 55
Naskapi 5 0 5 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 5 0 5 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 25 5 15 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 5 5 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 50 15 35 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 10 15 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 225 105 120 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 5 0 5 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 195 95 100 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 10 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 5 5 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 5 5 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 5 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 5 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 35 15 25 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 30 15 20 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 20 5 15 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 15 5 10 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 5 0 5 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 5 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 5 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 5 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 40 40 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,413,740 1,142,445 1,271,290 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 134,720 67,180 67,540 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 210 120 85 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 100 50 45 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110 70 40 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 14,355 6,170 8,185 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 75 45 35 805 455 350
Oromo 1,000 490 515 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 13,210 5,605 7,610 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 365 195 170
Semitic languages 119,800 60,705 59,100 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 7,410 3,350 4,060 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 81,030 41,680 39,345 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,715 4,745 4,970 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,760 880 875 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 925 440 485 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10,220 5,460 4,760 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 3,225 1,585 1,640 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 4,690 2,145 2,545 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 835 415 415 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 170 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 49,620 22,650 26,970 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,850 1,285 1,570 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 46,705 21,345 25,365 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 60 25 40 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 156,930 62,290 94,640 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 455 200 255 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 4,960 1,980 2,980 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 55 25 25 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 2,260 865 1,390 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 9,290 3,630 5,660 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 25 10 15 1,430 665 760
Malay 4,235 1,910 2,325 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,245 560 685 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 455 185 270 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 132,655 52,415 80,230 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 310 100 205 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 995 400 595 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 5,370 2,505 2,870 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 200 95 105 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 3,300 1,555 1,750 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,870 850 1,015 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 128,815 63,390 65,420 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 1,955 980 975 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 12,100 6,220 5,880 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 105,815 51,355 54,455 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 8,680 4,710 3,970 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 265 125 135 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 1,297,780 627,740 670,040 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 12,905 6,435 6,470 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 12,190 5,880 6,310 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 247,160 113,045 134,115 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 5,180 2,060 3,120 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 2,130 855 1,280 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 3,045 1,210 1,840 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 241,985 110,985 131,000 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 350 165 185 810 385 430
Bosnian 2,655 1,285 1,365 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 6,735 3,245 3,490 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 14,560 6,925 7,640 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 4,455 2,075 2,380 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 11,265 5,345 5,920 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 64,390 29,060 35,330 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 80,190 36,365 43,825 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 20,780 10,105 10,675 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 2,355 1,100 1,255 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 4,910 2,285 2,625 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,385 1,465 1,915 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 25,480 11,325 14,155 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 465 240 230 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 410 190 220 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 150 65 80 1,090 540 550
Welsh 125 50 75 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 60 530 295 235
Germanic languages 39,530 17,780 21,745 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 885 430 455 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 1,270 565 705 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 6,765 3,165 3,600 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 100 45 55 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 25,400 11,270 14,130 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 85 40 40 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 345 155 190 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 1,045 445 595 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 90 155 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 3,335 1,545 1,795 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 525 280 240
Greek 39,575 19,195 20,380 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 567,140 285,560 281,580 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 456,675 230,085 226,585 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 37,850 19,030 18,815 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 62,495 31,320 31,175 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 46,605 23,420 23,190 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 260 135 125 565 300 265
Konkani 2,105 995 1,110 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 4,350 2,215 2,140 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 4,605 2,315 2,290 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 570 310 265 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165,565 84,145 81,415 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 5,585 2,605 2,980 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,580 3,660 3,920 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 119,105 59,940 59,165 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 108,615 54,495 54,125 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 2,710 1,515 1,195 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 7,425 3,820 3,605 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 98,475 49,155 49,325 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,850 980 865 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 378,865 179,655 199,210 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 160 85 75 865 440 425
Italian 137,515 65,390 72,125 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 97,295 46,505 50,790 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 23,740 11,070 12,670 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 119,935 56,500 63,440 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120 720 380 340
Japanese 9,440 3,285 6,150 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 1,100 590 510 1,715 910 805
Georgian 1,100 590 510 1,715 910 805
Korean 53,940 24,750 29,190 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 345 160 190 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 345 155 190 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 23,670 11,085 12,580 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 8,365 3,850 4,515 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 55 25 30 1,535 815 720
Edo 1,015 410 605 1,670 770 900
Ewe 360 180 180 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 115 105 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 430 195 235 920 445 470
Ganda 500 240 265 1,295 625 665
Igbo 1,495 765 735 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 375 175 195 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 350 165 185 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 375 165 205 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 655 305 340 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 3,160 1,475 1,690 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 160 85 75 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 3,265 1,650 1,610 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,885 1,285 1,600 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 340 185 155 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 45 25 15 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 295 160 135 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 1,060 585 485 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 360 195 165 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 700 385 315 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 507,190 235,560 271,630 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 500,745 232,420 268,320 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 242,915 112,790 130,125 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 6,385 2,865 3,525 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 223,015 103,800 119,215 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 760 365 395 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,360 5,250 6,115 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,220 2,345 2,875 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 10,895 4,915 5,980 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,445 3,140 3,305 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 995 445 550 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 270 130 140 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 4,855 2,395 2,460 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 330 170 160 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 3,660 1,495 2,175 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 2,090 1,010 1,075 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 1,555 475 1,080 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 80 35 55
Turkic languages 16,295 8,475 7,810 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 1,590 855 740 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 13,345 6,965 6,375 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 370 185 190 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 580 295 290 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 400 180 220 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 22,500 10,030 12,465 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 2,505 1,025 1,485 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 2,135 845 1,290 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 17,855 8,160 9,690 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 935 480 455 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 225,555 108,955 116,600 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 13,775 6,385 7,395 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 199,835 97,180 102,650 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 5,810 2,620 3,185 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 6,135 2,770 3,370 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,389,430 2,613,915 2,775,520 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 4,852,000 2,355,300 2,496,695 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 3,440,400 1,687,780 1,752,620 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 3,412,630 1,674,945 1,737,680 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 27,770 12,830 14,940 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 1,411,600 667,525 744,070 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 155 75 75 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 75 40 35 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 15 10 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 5 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 20 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 35 20 15 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 5 0 5 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 5 5 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 10 10 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 5 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 5 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 25 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,411,445 667,445 743,995 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 71,690 34,320 37,370 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 60 30 25 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 30 15 15 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 8,365 3,525 4,840 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 40 20 25 620 330 285
Oromo 545 255 295 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 7,750 3,240 4,510 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 185 85 95
Semitic languages 63,080 30,675 32,405 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 3,805 1,675 2,130 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 43,100 21,220 21,885 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,540 3,140 3,405 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,055 520 535 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 515 240 280 735 335 400
Hebrew 4,320 2,220 2,100 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 835 380 455 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 2,465 1,080 1,385 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 430 205 230 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,635 14,890 17,745 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,555 675 880 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 31,045 14,200 16,840 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 71,195 30,350 40,850 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 80 35 45 290 140 155
Cebuano 1,850 800 1,055 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 10 5 5 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 755 325 435 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 3,400 1,455 1,940 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 10 5 10 435 220 210
Malay 1,380 670 715 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 385 175 210 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 80 35 40 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 62,885 26,685 36,200 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 75 30 45 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 2,790 1,290 1,505 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 120 55 65 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 1,915 885 1,030 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 760 350 410 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 85,480 41,250 44,230 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 805 405 400 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 6,220 3,175 3,045 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 73,640 35,095 38,550 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 4,720 2,535 2,185 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 695,550 333,855 361,695 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 6,225 3,115 3,110 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 7,350 3,475 3,875 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 129,425 60,445 68,980 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 1,600 660 935 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 575 235 340 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 1,025 430 595 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 127,825 59,780 68,045 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 125 60 60 230 105 120
Bosnian 1,300 630 675 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 3,775 1,840 1,935 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 5,360 2,565 2,800 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 1,345 650 695 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 4,745 2,250 2,495 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 31,135 14,470 16,660 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 51,855 24,065 27,785 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 11,975 5,800 6,175 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 915 430 490 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 2,185 1,065 1,120 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 825 355 475 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 12,150 5,545 6,605 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75 670 310 360
Celtic languages 60 30 25 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 10 185 105 80
Welsh 10 10 5 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 80 50 30
Germanic languages 4,725 2,150 2,580 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 250 110 135 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 120 50 65 855 410 445
Dutch 550 255 295 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 0 5 185 95 90
German 3,145 1,410 1,735 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 20 5 15 270 120 150
Norwegian 40 15 20 345 145 200
Swedish 215 100 115 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 355 170 185
Yiddish 350 175 175 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,625 820 810
Greek 16,600 7,760 8,845 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 355,150 175,850 179,300 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 282,005 140,240 141,765 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 24,325 12,005 12,325 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 37,390 18,335 19,060 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 23,355 11,620 11,735 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 45 20 25 135 70 70
Konkani 430 205 225 720 355 370
Marathi 1,955 1,005 950 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 3,040 1,540 1,500 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 270 135 140 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 112,680 56,685 55,995 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 2,405 1,100 1,310 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,440 1,685 1,760 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 72,660 35,910 36,745 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 72,405 35,235 37,170 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 1,440 780 660 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 4,695 2,355 2,340 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 66,275 32,095 34,175 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 740 375 360 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 176,010 81,040 94,970 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 80 40 40 355 165 190
Italian 48,970 20,920 28,055 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 48,110 23,050 25,055 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 11,610 5,390 6,225 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 67,175 31,610 35,565 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 180 85 95
Japanese 4,480 1,915 2,565 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 745 405 335 1,040 565 475
Georgian 740 405 340 1,035 565 475
Korean 37,770 17,625 20,140 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 200 105 100 910 440 470
Mongolian 205 105 100 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 8,870 3,960 4,905 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 4,015 1,740 2,280 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 15 5 10 340 180 160
Edo 295 120 175 415 175 240
Ewe 90 40 50 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 75 35 40 825 400 425
Ga 145 65 80 250 105 140
Ganda 150 70 85 345 160 185
Igbo 410 205 205 1,000 485 510
Lingala 90 40 55 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 60 65 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 50 65 1,530 670 865
Shona 225 105 115 1,035 475 560
Swahili 1,230 540 685 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 75 45 35 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 1,070 515 555 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 730 330 400 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 45 45 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 10 5 5 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 1,660 965 700 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 555 295 260 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,105 660 440 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 378,605 177,030 201,575 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 374,020 174,765 199,255 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 179,480 82,480 97,000 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 2,675 1,215 1,465 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 176,695 84,105 92,590 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 240 105 135 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,980 2,280 2,700 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,090 1,450 1,640 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,775 3,100 3,675 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 35 45 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,585 2,260 2,325 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 570 260 305 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 210 105 110 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 3,700 1,835 1,860 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 1,530 715 810 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 970 470 495 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 550 240 305 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 30 15 15
Turkic languages 9,285 4,650 4,635 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 640 325 315 1,245 640 610
Turkish 7,975 3,980 3,995 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 215 110 100 610 315 290
Uzbek 310 165 145 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 455 230 225
Uralic languages 8,560 3,920 4,640 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 630 230 395 975 365 610
Finnish 415 180 240 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 7,515 3,505 4,010 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 537,435 258,615 278,825 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 12,185 5,585 6,600 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 512,690 247,515 265,170 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 2,330 1,030 1,300 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 10,240 4,485 5,750 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 4,059,895 1,975,765 2,084,135 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 573,230 280,980 292,255 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 48,015 20,920 27,090 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 683,225 324,520 358,710 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 435 185 250 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 682,790 324,330 358,460 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 3,820 1,765 2,055 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 13,105 6,410 6,695 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 7,895 3,445 4,455 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 250 115 135 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,485,350 2,151,700 2,333,645 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,254,740 2,041,845 2,212,895 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,014 35,486 27,686 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,255,435 2,042,025 2,213,410 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,692 32,291 25,941 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,735,375 1,836,390 1,898,990 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,152 37,338 27,784 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,068,395 1,352,495 1,715,905 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,123 998 3,741 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,153,650 1,595,810 1,557,845 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,317 38,641 30,510 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,485,725 2,151,900 2,333,830 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,255,475 2,041,985 2,213,490 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,118 59,794 41,191 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,256,160 2,042,200 2,213,965 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,278 46,588 34,458 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,735,945 1,836,465 1,899,480 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,862 62,449 41,625 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,068,135 1,352,300 1,715,830 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,363 5,481 7,058 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,153,965 1,596,085 1,557,885 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,662 60,906 42,192 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,485,730 2,151,895 2,333,830 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,488,180 818,260 669,925 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,941 60,166 51,725 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,842 84,302 63,286 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.8 93.9 86.7 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.3 79.6 72.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.2 6.1 13.3 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,485,350 2,151,700 2,333,645 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 230,610 109,860 120,750 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 4,254,740 2,041,845 2,212,895 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 763,555 347,080 416,480 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 770,435 327,705 442,735 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 545,305 236,955 308,355 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 426,865 193,445 233,420 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 371,190 172,520 198,670 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 294,250 143,010 151,240 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 231,875 119,655 112,220 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 181,995 98,550 83,450 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 144,615 80,165 64,445 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 122,530 65,300 57,230 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 402,130 257,465 144,665 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 244,815 148,925 95,890 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 157,310 108,540 48,770 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,485,345 2,151,705 2,333,645 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 229,915 109,680 120,235 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 4,255,435 2,042,025 2,213,415 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.9 94.8 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 776,015 351,385 424,630 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 800,145 341,855 458,290 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 622,175 273,000 349,175 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 506,890 233,435 273,455 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 428,590 204,910 223,685 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 313,515 160,735 152,780 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 229,640 125,710 103,935 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 176,635 96,460 80,175 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 401,835 254,535 147,295 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 118,825 67,420 51,400 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 71,215 44,080 27,140 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 211,795 143,035 68,760 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,485,345 2,151,705 2,333,645 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 1,331,700 555,895 775,805 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 3,153,650 1,595,805 1,557,845 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 70.3 74.2 66.8 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 396,680 186,410 210,270 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 263,610 119,885 143,725 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 435,350 205,860 229,490 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 343,395 158,605 184,785 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 309,985 145,840 164,145 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 283,815 135,050 148,765 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 231,700 117,150 114,550 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 185,380 98,655 86,730 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 148,890 83,255 65,635 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 554,845 345,095 209,755 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 121,685 69,155 52,525 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 108,555 57,950 50,600 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 324,605 217,980 106,625 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,967,380 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,518 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,196 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 492,315 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,284 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,101 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,475,070 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,630 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,323 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,967,555 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 108,395 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,128 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 492,475 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,739 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,666 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,475,085 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,975 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,304 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,967,380 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 45,670 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 31,255 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 48,970 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 72,860 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 69,080 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 71,255 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 72,655 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 74,045 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 73,960 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 72,565 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 140,110 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 131,050 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 121,160 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 111,745 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 102,675 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 728,325 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 205,845 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 149,570 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 178,280 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 194,630 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,967,380 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 48,175 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 31,565 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 49,785 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 75,575 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 75,690 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 78,360 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 82,540 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 87,000 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 89,295 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 87,435 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 167,070 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 152,470 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 139,615 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 123,875 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 106,420 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 572,520 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 204,555 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 133,630 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 234,340 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,418,695 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,279 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,950 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 381,755 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,997 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,015 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 745,680 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,062 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,348 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 240,690 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,356 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,125 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,418,175 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,555 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,479 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 381,845 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,732 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,620 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 746,125 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,376 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,509 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 239,190 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,147 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,554 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 710,010 335,120 374,890 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,181 32,948 31,573 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,543 30,010 29,180 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 708,525 333,920 374,605 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,700 50,146 45,520 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,832 40,028 37,766 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,370,515 2,605,995 2,764,520 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,635,600 1,252,915 1,382,690 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 626,795 302,630 324,165 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 553,235 255,400 297,840 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 503,590 237,300 266,285 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 478,745 228,975 249,770 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 473,240 228,615 244,630 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 2,734,920 1,353,085 1,381,835 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 476,880 231,510 245,375 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 489,145 239,025 250,120 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 516,090 254,485 261,605 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 568,130 282,000 286,135 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 684,665 346,070 338,600 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,370,520 2,605,995 2,764,525 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 1,077,570 553,445 524,125 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 337,255 172,765 164,490 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 3,542,115 1,714,060 1,828,055 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 750,830 338,490 412,345 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 873,325 411,775 461,550 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 223,495 115,235 108,260 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 72,435 37,260 35,175 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 542,900 254,105 288,795 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 106,920 42,430 64,490 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.3 15.8 16.7 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.8 20.7 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.5 21.6 21.4 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.8 15.8 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 14.2 12.5 15.6 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 732,405 350,620 381,780 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 173,895 89,620 84,270 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 56,775 29,135 27,640 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 487,620 234,110 253,505 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 70,895 26,885 44,005 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.6 13.5 13.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.2 16.1 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 16.8 16.9 16.8 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 13.7 13.9 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 9.4 7.9 10.7 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,371,025 2,606,395 2,764,630 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 5,119,210 2,506,430 2,612,780 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 5,114,880 2,504,655 2,610,225 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 433,650 187,295 246,355 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 2,980,865 1,420,145 1,560,715 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 985 405 585 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 825 350 475 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 10 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 185 85 100 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 55 30 20 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 25 0 15 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 15 10 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 90 35 55 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 25 20 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 45 25 25 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 595 240 355 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 15 10 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 560 230 330 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 10 10 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 25 10 15 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 45 15 35 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 10 10 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 15 10 10 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 10 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 10 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 565 295 270
Siouan languages 10 0 10 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 10 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 10 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 20 10 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,979,935 1,419,770 1,560,165 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 203,300 101,890 101,410 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 235 135 100 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 75 40 30 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 165 95 70 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 20,380 8,885 11,490 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 75 45 30 1,085 625 470
Oromo 1,390 590 800 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 18,905 8,230 10,675 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 480 220 265
Semitic languages 183,945 93,490 90,450 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 11,365 5,280 6,080 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 119,665 61,755 57,905 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 11,995 5,860 6,140 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,080 1,040 1,035 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 1,250 635 615 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 37,745 19,225 18,520 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 4,165 2,035 2,130 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 5,940 2,775 3,170 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,060 515 550 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 700 325 375 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 65,060 29,925 35,130 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,970 1,730 2,240 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 61,350 28,340 33,010 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 0 40 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 200,765 80,115 120,645 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 570 255 310 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 7,130 2,860 4,265 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 45 20 25 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 2,460 985 1,475 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 12,560 4,930 7,635 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 90 45 45 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 7,015 3,215 3,800 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,565 710 855 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 435 190 245 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 188,840 74,950 113,890 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 320 100 220 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,255 525 730 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 16,380 7,360 9,020 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 640 285 350 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 8,935 4,015 4,925 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 6,960 3,115 3,845 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 170,055 84,545 85,505 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 4,300 2,140 2,155 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 16,600 8,450 8,150 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 140,900 69,315 71,585 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 13,070 7,200 5,875 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 430 220 210 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 25 15 10 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 1,670,260 812,610 857,650 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 14,895 7,440 7,450 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 14,750 7,035 7,715 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 284,385 132,330 152,055 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 6,090 2,475 3,610 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 2,500 1,045 1,450 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 3,595 1,430 2,165 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 279,935 130,535 149,400 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 915 480 440 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 4,205 2,040 2,170 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 7,750 3,770 3,980 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 21,210 10,340 10,865 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 5,935 2,820 3,115 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 15,485 7,385 8,100 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 77,395 35,400 41,995 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 107,415 49,880 57,540 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 26,595 13,150 13,440 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 2,775 1,330 1,440 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 5,750 2,655 3,100 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,940 1,735 2,210 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 36,660 16,375 20,285 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 600 350 250 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 1,780 915 865 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 595 300 295 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 215 95 120 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 970 520 450 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 72,330 34,390 37,940 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 3,975 1,955 2,015 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 1,865 840 1,025 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 9,510 4,470 5,045 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 145 60 90 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 49,225 23,465 25,760 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 120 55 65 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 870 415 455 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 2,375 1,085 1,290 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 105 145 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 6,480 3,185 3,300 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 57,745 28,385 29,355 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 735,150 371,350 363,800 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 612,745 310,215 302,530 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 47,600 24,185 23,415 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 85,245 42,705 42,540 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 201,555 102,590 98,970 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 460 230 230 905 490 420
Konkani 4,875 2,200 2,670 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 8,470 4,365 4,100 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 6,345 3,140 3,205 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 900 430 465 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 235,230 120,835 114,395 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 9,210 4,295 4,915 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,575 7,335 7,240 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 180,400 91,380 89,020 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 127,535 63,570 63,965 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 3,760 2,120 1,635 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 10,905 5,795 5,110 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 117,090 58,090 58,995 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,395 1,840 1,555 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 525,885 248,355 277,525 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 305 155 145 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 199,425 94,670 104,750 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 125,025 59,945 65,080 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 27,960 12,960 15,000 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 195,365 91,080 104,280 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 625 305 315 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 17,015 7,335 9,680 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 1,455 740 715 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 1,455 740 715 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 61,135 28,600 32,535 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 440 190 250 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 445 190 255 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 46,505 22,145 24,365 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 13,440 6,225 7,215 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 200 115 90 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 1,875 820 1,055 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 505 260 240 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 455 235 220 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 985 475 510 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 830 395 435 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 2,905 1,440 1,460 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 2,015 875 1,140 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 510 250 255 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655 285 370 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 1,105 485 620 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 10,070 4,960 5,110 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 410 190 225 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 7,685 3,850 3,830 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,145 2,845 3,300 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 450 255 195 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 65 50 20 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 5,265 2,275 2,990 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 3,045 1,150 1,895 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,290 1,165 1,130 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 570,420 267,755 302,665 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 563,390 264,295 299,095 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 300,575 139,720 160,855 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 7,110 3,120 3,990 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 308,025 143,345 164,680 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 710 290 420 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,725 6,150 7,575 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,805 3,170 3,640 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,310 5,130 6,180 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 65 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,410 3,665 3,745 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 1,325 605 720 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 250 115 135 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 5,420 2,705 2,720 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 495 285 210 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 4,720 2,005 2,715 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 2,635 1,250 1,385 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 2,340 880 1,465 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 115 50 65
Turkic languages 24,065 12,495 11,575 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 2,625 1,330 1,300 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 20,195 10,535 9,665 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 490 225 260 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 785 425 365 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 540 250 290 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 25,660 11,605 14,055 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 2,750 1,190 1,560 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 2,450 1,025 1,425 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 20,515 9,410 11,105 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,275 1,175 1,100 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,371,020 2,606,395 2,764,635 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 4,666,240 2,271,285 2,394,950 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 988,125 507,650 480,475 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,678,115 1,763,635 1,914,475 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 704,790 335,105 369,680 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,371,020 2,606,390 2,764,635 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 2,647,660 1,325,780 1,321,875 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,588,715 1,213,600 1,375,110 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 570,800 264,690 306,105 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 354,720 169,415 185,300 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 615,195 286,895 328,300 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 701,370 328,685 372,685 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 364,605 171,720 192,885 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 336,765 156,965 179,800 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 346,635 163,920 182,715 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 134,650 67,010 67,640 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,588,710 1,213,605 1,375,110 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 210,560 104,680 105,885 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 425,730 214,310 211,420 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 561,010 248,975 312,035 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 1,112,050 520,805 591,245 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 279,360 124,830 154,525 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,588,715 1,213,605 1,375,115 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 393,895 174,345 219,550 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 10,010 4,705 5,305 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 16,110 7,390 8,715 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 10,615 5,280 5,335 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 67,295 29,760 37,535 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 2,555 1,200 1,355 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 97,095 40,495 56,600 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 10,595 4,710 5,885 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 7,685 3,415 4,270 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 41,765 18,320 23,445 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 43,175 20,260 22,915 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 86,995 38,800 48,195 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 568,320 267,530 300,790 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,230 4,565 4,665 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 11,040 5,225 5,810 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 6,595 3,095 3,500 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 19,960 9,295 10,665 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 26,890 13,115 13,780 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 11,185 5,045 6,140 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 7,445 3,635 3,810 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 95,175 46,030 49,150 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 5,940 2,870 3,075 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 53,330 23,935 29,390 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 66,340 31,825 34,515 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 23,965 10,890 13,075 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 33,130 14,300 18,830 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 12,690 6,140 6,550 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 31,045 14,215 16,830 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 84,810 40,430 44,375 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 69,555 32,920 36,630 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 147,790 71,030 76,760 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 1,205 640 565 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 23,285 12,065 11,215 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 10,785 4,910 5,870 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 10,980 5,025 5,955 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 3,395 1,655 1,740 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 15,970 7,910 8,065 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 10,780 4,310 6,470 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 12,360 5,990 6,370 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 59,020 28,520 30,505 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 1,471,940 697,390 774,555 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 24,510 12,230 12,275 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 31,885 16,065 15,820 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 262,175 119,475 142,700 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 97,705 45,890 51,815 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 297,730 148,545 149,190 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 73,340 36,520 36,815 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 27,770 13,840 13,930 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 5,715 1,850 3,865 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 44,745 20,860 23,890 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 12,970 6,975 6,000 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 110,255 55,690 54,565 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 187,510 76,805 110,710 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 98,025 47,845 50,180 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,545 5,285 5,250 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 14,705 6,405 8,300 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 57,865 26,180 31,690 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 114,505 56,925 57,575 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 6,770 3,320 3,450 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 346,635 163,920 182,715 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 39,310 18,740 20,570 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 2,465 1,165 1,305 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 2,495 1,175 1,320 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 1,150 510 635 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 865 415 450 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 7,205 3,760 3,440 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 2,870 1,360 1,510 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,605 3,850 3,755 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,790 825 965 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 12,860 5,660 7,195 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 30,555 14,975 15,580 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 1,360 660 700 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 875 475 400 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,445 905