Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Population centre], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
Download  Hierarchies 
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Population centre]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Population centre], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,429,524  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,144,412 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,059,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,967,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,028.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,792.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,429,540 2,630,030 2,799,510 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 886,880 455,160 431,725 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 279,435 143,100 136,330 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 303,845 155,985 147,855 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 303,605 156,065 147,540 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 3,752,140 1,824,300 1,927,840 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 333,875 171,965 161,915 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 383,245 195,315 187,930 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 398,310 196,715 201,595 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 388,955 187,000 201,955 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 371,100 174,030 197,075 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 377,095 177,105 199,985 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 401,610 191,170 210,440 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 419,655 204,850 214,810 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 372,655 180,855 191,795 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 305,640 145,295 160,345 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 790,515 350,565 439,945 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 257,495 121,000 136,495 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 180,655 83,640 97,015 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 140,090 62,395 77,705 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 104,975 45,295 59,685 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 107,290 38,240 69,050 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 67,280 26,150 41,130 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 31,290 9,890 21,400 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 7,520 1,985 5,540 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 1,195 220 980 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.3 15.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.4 68.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.3 15.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.8 38.7 40.7 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.4 38.1 40.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,967,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 721,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 622,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 622,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 148,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 178,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 85,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 205,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 3,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,967,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 492,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 547,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 343,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 340,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 244,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 5,370,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,542,655 2,174,870 2,367,785 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 2,503,410 1,251,495 1,251,915 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 2,243,340 1,119,090 1,124,250 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 260,075 132,405 127,665 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 2,039,245 923,375 1,115,870 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 1,439,665 744,990 694,675 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 119,725 46,900 72,830 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 253,000 90,060 162,945 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 226,850 41,430 185,420 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,481,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 623,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 365,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 353,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 138,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,481,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 1,208,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 1,078,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 129,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 273,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 227,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,208,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 461,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 746,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 286,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 330,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 130,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 273,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 162,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 79,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 31,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 875,705 394,065 481,640 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,967,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,299,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 391,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 907,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 87,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 580,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 492,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 88,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 4,700,275 2,324,460 2,375,810 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 4,635 1,940 2,695 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 431,595 187,195 244,400 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 252,930 100,320 152,610 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 5,023,255 2,461,895 2,561,360 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 66,870 30,880 35,990 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 49,885 22,535 27,355 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 249,425 98,610 150,810 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 91,815 42,145 49,670 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 5,163,885 2,504,960 2,658,915 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 2,749,615 1,362,280 1,387,335 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 2,690,050 1,334,640 1,355,410 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 59,565 27,640 31,930 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 2,414,265 1,142,680 1,271,580 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 530 235 295 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 365 160 200 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 10 5 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 100 35 65 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 5 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 10 5 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 5 0 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 5 0 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 5 15 355 135 225
Woods Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 50 15 35 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 10 15 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 225 105 120 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 5 65 30 35
Ojibway 195 95 100 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 10 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 5 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 5 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 35 15 25 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 30 15 20 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 20 5 15 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 15 5 10 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 5 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 5 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 40 40 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,413,740 1,142,445 1,271,290 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 134,720 67,180 67,540 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 210 120 85 725 405 320
Kabyle 100 50 45 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110 70 40 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 14,355 6,170 8,185 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 75 45 35 250 140 110
Oromo 1,000 490 515 1,445 720 730
Somali 13,210 5,605 7,610 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 225 115 110
Semitic languages 119,800 60,705 59,100 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 7,410 3,350 4,060 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 81,030 41,680 39,345 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,715 4,745 4,970 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,760 880 875 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 925 440 485 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10,220 5,460 4,760 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 3,225 1,585 1,640 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 4,690 2,145 2,545 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 835 415 415 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 170 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 49,620 22,650 26,970 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,850 1,285 1,570 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 46,705 21,345 25,365 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 60 25 40 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 156,930 62,290 94,640 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 455 200 255 595 260 330
Cebuano 4,960 1,980 2,980 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 55 25 25 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 2,260 865 1,390 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 9,290 3,630 5,660 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 25 10 15 100 45 55
Malay 4,235 1,910 2,325 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,245 560 685 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 455 185 270 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 132,655 52,415 80,230 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 310 100 205 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 995 400 595 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5,370 2,505 2,870 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 200 95 105 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 3,300 1,555 1,750 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,870 850 1,015 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 128,815 63,390 65,420 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 1,955 980 975 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 12,100 6,220 5,880 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 105,815 51,355 54,455 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 8,680 4,710 3,970 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 265 125 135 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 1,297,780 627,740 670,040 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 12,905 6,435 6,470 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 12,190 5,880 6,310 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 247,160 113,045 134,115 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 5,180 2,060 3,120 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 2,130 855 1,280 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 3,045 1,210 1,840 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 241,985 110,985 131,000 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 350 165 185 515 230 280
Bosnian 2,655 1,285 1,365 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 6,735 3,245 3,490 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 14,560 6,925 7,640 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 4,455 2,075 2,380 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 11,265 5,345 5,920 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 64,390 29,060 35,330 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 80,190 36,365 43,825 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 20,780 10,105 10,675 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 2,355 1,100 1,255 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 4,910 2,285 2,625 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,385 1,465 1,915 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 25,480 11,325 14,155 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 465 240 230 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 410 190 220 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 150 65 80 450 210 240
Welsh 125 50 75 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 60 225 120 110
Germanic languages 39,530 17,780 21,745 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 885 430 455 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 1,270 565 705 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 6,765 3,165 3,600 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 100 45 55 1,240 630 620
German 25,400 11,270 14,130 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 85 40 40 210 100 110
Norwegian 345 155 190 940 405 540
Swedish 1,045 445 595 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 90 155 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 3,335 1,545 1,795 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 170 80 85
Greek 39,575 19,195 20,380 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 567,140 285,560 281,580 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 456,675 230,085 226,585 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 37,850 19,030 18,815 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 62,495 31,320 31,175 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 46,605 23,420 23,190 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 260 135 125 345 170 175
Konkani 2,105 995 1,110 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 4,350 2,215 2,140 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 4,605 2,315 2,290 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 570 310 265 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165,565 84,145 81,415 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 5,585 2,605 2,980 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,580 3,660 3,920 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 119,105 59,940 59,165 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 108,615 54,495 54,125 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 2,710 1,515 1,195 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 7,425 3,820 3,605 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 98,475 49,155 49,325 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,850 980 865 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 378,865 179,655 199,210 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 160 85 75 285 150 135
Italian 137,515 65,390 72,125 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 97,295 46,505 50,790 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 23,740 11,070 12,670 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 119,935 56,500 63,440 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120 420 200 215
Japanese 9,440 3,285 6,150 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 1,100 590 510 1,200 635 565
Georgian 1,100 590 510 1,200 635 565
Korean 53,940 24,750 29,190 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 345 160 190 405 180 220
Mongolian 345 155 190 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 23,670 11,085 12,580 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 8,365 3,850 4,515 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 55 25 30 140 60 80
Edo 1,015 410 605 1,140 475 670
Ewe 360 180 180 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 220 115 105 365 180 185
Ga 430 195 235 600 275 325
Ganda 500 240 265 760 360 400
Igbo 1,495 765 735 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 375 175 195 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 350 165 185 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 375 165 205 1,330 545 785
Shona 655 305 340 1,455 660 790
Swahili 3,160 1,475 1,690 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 160 85 75 290 145 150
Yoruba 3,265 1,650 1,610 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,885 1,285 1,600 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 340 185 155 1,610 810 800
Dinka 45 25 15 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 295 160 135 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 1,060 585 485 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 360 195 165 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 700 385 315 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 507,190 235,560 271,630 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 500,745 232,420 268,320 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 242,915 112,790 130,125 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 6,385 2,865 3,525 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 223,015 103,800 119,215 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 760 365 395 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,360 5,250 6,115 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,220 2,345 2,875 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 10,895 4,915 5,980 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,445 3,140 3,305 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 995 445 550 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 270 130 140 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 4,855 2,395 2,460 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 330 170 160 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 3,660 1,495 2,175 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 2,090 1,010 1,075 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 1,555 475 1,080 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 25 10 15
Turkic languages 16,295 8,475 7,810 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 1,590 855 740 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 13,345 6,965 6,375 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 370 185 190 515 255 260
Uzbek 580 295 290 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 400 180 220 640 295 345
Uralic languages 22,500 10,030 12,465 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 2,505 1,025 1,485 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 2,135 845 1,290 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 17,855 8,160 9,690 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 935 480 455 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 225,555 108,955 116,600 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 13,775 6,385 7,395 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 199,835 97,180 102,650 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 5,810 2,620 3,185 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 6,135 2,770 3,370 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,389,430 2,613,915 2,775,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 4,852,000 2,355,300 2,496,695 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 3,440,400 1,687,780 1,752,620 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 3,412,630 1,674,945 1,737,680 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 27,770 12,830 14,940 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 1,411,600 667,525 744,070 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 155 75 75 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 75 40 35 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 15 10 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 5 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 20 20 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 15 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 5 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 10 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 10 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 25 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,411,445 667,445 743,995 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 71,690 34,320 37,370 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 60 30 25 345 175 170
Kabyle 30 15 15 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 8,365 3,525 4,840 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 40 20 25 170 80 85
Oromo 545 255 295 805 380 425
Somali 7,750 3,240 4,510 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 110 50 65
Semitic languages 63,080 30,675 32,405 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 3,805 1,675 2,130 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 43,100 21,220 21,885 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,540 3,140 3,405 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,055 520 535 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 515 240 280 555 250 305
Hebrew 4,320 2,220 2,100 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 835 380 455 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 2,465 1,080 1,385 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 430 205 230 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,635 14,890 17,745 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,555 675 880 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 31,045 14,200 16,840 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 71,195 30,350 40,850 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 80 35 45 90 35 55
Cebuano 1,850 800 1,055 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 755 325 435 910 385 530
Ilocano 3,400 1,455 1,940 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 10 5 10 35 15 20
Malay 1,380 670 715 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 385 175 210 445 200 250
Pangasinan 80 35 40 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 62,885 26,685 36,200 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 75 30 45 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 380 175 200
Creole languages 2,790 1,290 1,505 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 120 55 65 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,915 885 1,030 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 760 350 410 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 85,480 41,250 44,230 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 805 405 400 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 6,220 3,175 3,045 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 73,640 35,095 38,550 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 4,720 2,535 2,185 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 695,550 333,855 361,695 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 6,225 3,115 3,110 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 7,350 3,475 3,875 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 129,425 60,445 68,980 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 1,600 660 935 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 575 235 340 860 350 515
Lithuanian 1,025 430 595 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 127,825 59,780 68,045 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 125 60 60 175 80 90
Bosnian 1,300 630 675 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 3,775 1,840 1,935 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 5,360 2,565 2,800 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 1,345 650 695 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 4,745 2,250 2,495 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 31,135 14,470 16,660 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 51,855 24,065 27,785 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 11,975 5,800 6,175 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 915 430 490 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 2,185 1,065 1,120 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 825 355 475 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 12,150 5,545 6,605 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75 355 160 190
Celtic languages 60 30 25 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 10 60 30 25
Welsh 10 10 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 35 20 15
Germanic languages 4,725 2,150 2,580 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 250 110 135 755 365 390
Danish 120 50 65 280 135 150
Dutch 550 255 295 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 5 90 45 45
German 3,145 1,410 1,735 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 20 5 15 45 20 30
Norwegian 40 15 20 70 30 40
Swedish 215 100 115 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 145 60 85
Yiddish 350 175 175 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 655 315 340
Greek 16,600 7,760 8,845 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 355,150 175,850 179,300 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 282,005 140,240 141,765 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 24,325 12,005 12,325 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 37,390 18,335 19,060 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 23,355 11,620 11,735 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 45 20 25 65 30 35
Konkani 430 205 225 540 260 280
Marathi 1,955 1,005 950 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 3,040 1,540 1,500 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 270 135 140 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 112,680 56,685 55,995 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 2,405 1,100 1,310 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,440 1,685 1,760 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 72,660 35,910 36,745 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 72,405 35,235 37,170 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 1,440 780 660 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 4,695 2,355 2,340 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 66,275 32,095 34,175 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 740 375 360 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 176,010 81,040 94,970 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 80 40 40 135 60 75
Italian 48,970 20,920 28,055 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 48,110 23,050 25,055 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 11,610 5,390 6,225 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 67,175 31,610 35,565 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 110 50 60
Japanese 4,480 1,915 2,565 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 745 405 335 770 420 355
Georgian 740 405 340 775 420 355
Korean 37,770 17,625 20,140 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 200 105 100 225 115 110
Mongolian 205 105 100 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 8,870 3,960 4,905 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 4,015 1,740 2,280 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 15 5 10 25 15 15
Edo 295 120 175 305 120 180
Ewe 90 40 50 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 75 35 40 110 55 55
Ga 145 65 80 175 80 100
Ganda 150 70 85 195 85 110
Igbo 410 205 205 540 265 275
Lingala 90 40 55 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 60 65 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 50 65 420 160 260
Shona 225 105 115 455 210 245
Swahili 1,230 540 685 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 75 45 35 130 65 65
Yoruba 1,070 515 555 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 730 330 400 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 45 45 550 260 290
Dinka 10 5 5 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 425 195 225
Sign languages 1,660 965 700 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 555 295 260 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,105 660 440 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 378,605 177,030 201,575 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 374,020 174,765 199,255 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 179,480 82,480 97,000 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 2,675 1,215 1,465 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 176,695 84,105 92,590 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 240 105 135 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,980 2,280 2,700 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,090 1,450 1,640 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,775 3,100 3,675 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 35 45 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,585 2,260 2,325 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 570 260 305 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 210 105 110 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 3,700 1,835 1,860 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 1,530 715 810 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 970 470 495 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 550 240 305 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 9,285 4,650 4,635 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 640 325 315 770 385 380
Turkish 7,975 3,980 3,995 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 215 110 100 290 150 140
Uzbek 310 165 145 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 250 130 120
Uralic languages 8,560 3,920 4,640 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 630 230 395 790 290 500
Finnish 415 180 240 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 7,515 3,505 4,010 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 465 245 225
Multiple responses 537,435 258,615 278,825 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 12,185 5,585 6,600 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 512,690 247,515 265,170 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 2,330 1,030 1,300 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 10,240 4,485 5,750 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,389,435 2,613,915 2,775,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 4,059,895 1,975,765 2,084,135 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 573,230 280,980 292,255 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 48,015 20,920 27,090 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 683,225 324,520 358,710 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 435 185 250 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 682,790 324,330 358,460 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 3,820 1,765 2,055 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 13,105 6,410 6,695 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 7,895 3,445 4,455 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 250 115 135 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,485,350 2,151,700 2,333,645 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,254,740 2,041,845 2,212,895 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,014 35,486 27,686 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,255,435 2,042,025 2,213,410 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,692 32,291 25,941 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,735,375 1,836,390 1,898,990 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,152 37,338 27,784 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,068,395 1,352,495 1,715,905 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,123 998 3,741 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,153,650 1,595,810 1,557,845 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,317 38,641 30,510 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,485,725 2,151,900 2,333,830 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,255,475 2,041,985 2,213,490 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,118 59,794 41,191 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,256,160 2,042,200 2,213,965 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,278 46,588 34,458 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,735,945 1,836,465 1,899,480 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,862 62,449 41,625 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,068,135 1,352,300 1,715,830 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,363 5,481 7,058 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,153,965 1,596,085 1,557,885 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,662 60,906 42,192 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,485,730 2,151,895 2,333,830 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,488,180 818,260 669,925 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,941 60,166 51,725 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,842 84,302 63,286 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.8 93.9 86.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.3 79.6 72.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.2 6.1 13.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,485,350 2,151,700 2,333,645 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 230,610 109,860 120,750 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 4,254,740 2,041,845 2,212,895 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 763,555 347,080 416,480 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 770,435 327,705 442,735 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 545,305 236,955 308,355 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 426,865 193,445 233,420 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 371,190 172,520 198,670 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 294,250 143,010 151,240 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 231,875 119,655 112,220 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 181,995 98,550 83,450 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 144,615 80,165 64,445 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 122,530 65,300 57,230 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 402,130 257,465 144,665 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 244,815 148,925 95,890 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 157,310 108,540 48,770 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,485,345 2,151,705 2,333,645 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 229,915 109,680 120,235 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 4,255,435 2,042,025 2,213,415 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 94.9 94.8 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 776,015 351,385 424,630 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 800,145 341,855 458,290 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 622,175 273,000 349,175 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 506,890 233,435 273,455 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 428,590 204,910 223,685 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 313,515 160,735 152,780 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 229,640 125,710 103,935 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 176,635 96,460 80,175 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 401,835 254,535 147,295 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 118,825 67,420 51,400 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 71,215 44,080 27,140 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 211,795 143,035 68,760 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,485,345 2,151,705 2,333,645 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 1,331,700 555,895 775,805 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 3,153,650 1,595,805 1,557,845 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.3 74.2 66.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 396,680 186,410 210,270 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 263,610 119,885 143,725 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 435,350 205,860 229,490 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 343,395 158,605 184,785 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 309,985 145,840 164,145 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 283,815 135,050 148,765 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 231,700 117,150 114,550 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 185,380 98,655 86,730 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 148,890 83,255 65,635 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 554,845 345,095 209,755 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 121,685 69,155 52,525 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 108,555 57,950 50,600 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 324,605 217,980 106,625 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,967,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,518  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,196  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 492,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,284  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,475,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,323  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,967,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,128  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 492,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,739  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,666  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,475,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,304  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,967,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 45,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 31,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 48,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 72,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 69,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 71,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 72,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 74,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 73,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 72,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 140,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 131,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 121,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 111,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 728,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 205,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 149,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 178,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 194,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,967,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 48,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 31,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 49,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 75,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 75,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 78,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 82,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 87,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 89,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 87,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 167,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 152,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 139,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 123,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 106,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 572,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 204,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 133,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 234,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,418,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,279  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 381,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 745,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,062  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 240,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,356  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,418,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,479  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 381,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 120,732  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 746,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,509  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 239,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,554  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 710,010 335,120 374,890 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,181 32,948 31,573 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,543 30,010 29,180 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 708,525 333,920 374,605 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,700 50,146 45,520 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,832 40,028 37,766 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,370,515 2,605,995 2,764,520 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,635,600 1,252,915 1,382,690 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 626,795 302,630 324,165 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 553,235 255,400 297,840 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 503,590 237,300 266,285 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 478,745 228,975 249,770 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 473,240 228,615 244,630 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 2,734,920 1,353,085 1,381,835 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 476,880 231,510 245,375 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 489,145 239,025 250,120 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 516,090 254,485 261,605 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 568,130 282,000 286,135 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 684,665 346,070 338,600 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,370,520 2,605,995 2,764,525 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 1,077,570 553,445 524,125 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 337,255 172,765 164,490 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 3,542,115 1,714,060 1,828,055 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 750,830 338,490 412,345 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 873,325 411,775 461,550 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 223,495 115,235 108,260 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 72,435 37,260 35,175 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 542,900 254,105 288,795 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 106,920 42,430 64,490 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.3 15.8 16.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 20.7 20.8 20.7 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.5 21.6 21.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.8 15.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 14.2 12.5 15.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 732,405 350,620 381,780 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 173,895 89,620 84,270 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 56,775 29,135 27,640 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 487,620 234,110 253,505 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 70,895 26,885 44,005 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.6 13.5 13.8 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.2 16.1 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 16.8 16.9 16.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 13.7 13.9 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 9.4 7.9 10.7 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,371,025 2,606,395 2,764,630 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 5,119,210 2,506,430 2,612,780 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 5,114,880 2,504,655 2,610,225 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 433,650 187,295 246,355 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 2,980,865 1,420,145 1,560,715 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 985 405 585 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 825 350 475 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 185 85 100 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 55 30 20 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 0 15 605 255 350
Woods Cree 15 10 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 90 35 55 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 25 20 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 45 25 25 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 595 240 355 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 15 10 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 560 230 330 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 10 10 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 10 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 25 10 15 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 45 15 35 1,625 710 915
Oneida 10 10 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 10 10 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 10 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Siouan languages 10 0 10 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 10 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 10 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 20 10 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,979,935 1,419,770 1,560,165 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 203,300 101,890 101,410 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 235 135 100 925 505 415
Kabyle 75 40 30 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 165 95 70 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 20,380 8,885 11,490 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 75 45 30 355 200 160
Oromo 1,390 590 800 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 18,905 8,230 10,675 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 370 170 205
Semitic languages 183,945 93,490 90,450 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 11,365 5,280 6,080 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 119,665 61,755 57,905 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 11,995 5,860 6,140 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,080 1,040 1,035 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 1,250 635 615 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 37,745 19,225 18,520 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 4,165 2,035 2,130 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 5,940 2,775 3,170 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,060 515 550 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 700 325 375 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 65,060 29,925 35,130 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,970 1,730 2,240 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 61,350 28,340 33,010 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 0 40 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 200,765 80,115 120,645 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 570 255 310 755 340 425
Cebuano 7,130 2,860 4,265 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 45 20 25 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 2,460 985 1,475 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 12,560 4,930 7,635 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 90 45 45 215 115 100
Malay 7,015 3,215 3,800 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,565 710 855 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 435 190 245 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 188,840 74,950 113,890 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 320 100 220 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,255 525 730 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 16,380 7,360 9,020 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 640 285 350 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 8,935 4,015 4,925 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 6,960 3,115 3,845 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 170,055 84,545 85,505 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 4,300 2,140 2,155 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 16,600 8,450 8,150 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 140,900 69,315 71,585 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 13,070 7,200 5,875 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 430 220 210 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 25 15 10 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 1,670,260 812,610 857,650 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 14,895 7,440 7,450 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 14,750 7,035 7,715 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 284,385 132,330 152,055 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 6,090 2,475 3,610 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 2,500 1,045 1,450 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 3,595 1,430 2,165 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 279,935 130,535 149,400 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 915 480 440 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 4,205 2,040 2,170 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 7,750 3,770 3,980 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 21,210 10,340 10,865 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 5,935 2,820 3,115 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 15,485 7,385 8,100 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 77,395 35,400 41,995 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 107,415 49,880 57,540 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 26,595 13,150 13,440 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 2,775 1,330 1,440 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 5,750 2,655 3,100 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,940 1,735 2,210 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 36,660 16,375 20,285 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 600 350 250 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 1,780 915 865 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 595 300 295 1,480 720 765
Welsh 215 95 120 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 970 520 450 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 72,330 34,390 37,940 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 3,975 1,955 2,015 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 1,865 840 1,025 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 9,510 4,470 5,045 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 145 60 90 1,655 820 835
German 49,225 23,465 25,760 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 120 55 65 285 130 155
Norwegian 870 415 455 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 2,375 1,085 1,290 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 105 145 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 6,480 3,185 3,300 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 57,745 28,385 29,355 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 735,150 371,350 363,800 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 612,745 310,215 302,530 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 47,600 24,185 23,415 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 85,245 42,705 42,540 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 201,555 102,590 98,970 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 460 230 230 600 300 300
Konkani 4,875 2,200 2,670 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 8,470 4,365 4,100 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 6,345 3,140 3,205 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 900 430 465 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 235,230 120,835 114,395 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 9,210 4,295 4,915 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,575 7,335 7,240 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 180,400 91,380 89,020 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 127,535 63,570 63,965 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 3,760 2,120 1,635 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 10,905 5,795 5,110 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 117,090 58,090 58,995 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,395 1,840 1,555 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 525,885 248,355 277,525 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 305 155 145 515 275 240
Italian 199,425 94,670 104,750 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 125,025 59,945 65,080 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 27,960 12,960 15,000 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 195,365 91,080 104,280 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 625 305 315 1,355 745 605
Japanese 17,015 7,335 9,680 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 1,455 740 715 1,555 775 780
Georgian 1,455 740 715 1,555 770 785
Korean 61,135 28,600 32,535 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 440 190 250 515 225 285
Mongolian 445 190 255 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 46,505 22,145 24,365 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 13,440 6,225 7,215 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 200 115 90 385 195 185
Edo 1,875 820 1,055 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 505 260 240 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 455 235 220 700 320 375
Ga 985 475 510 1,340 645 695
Ganda 830 395 435 1,225 550 675
Igbo 2,905 1,440 1,460 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 2,015 875 1,140 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 510 250 255 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655 285 370 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 1,105 485 620 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 10,070 4,960 5,110 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 410 190 225 730 355 375
Yoruba 7,685 3,850 3,830 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,145 2,845 3,300 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 450 255 195 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 65 50 20 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 385 210 175 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 5,265 2,275 2,990 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 3,045 1,150 1,895 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 10 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,290 1,165 1,130 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 570,420 267,755 302,665 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 563,390 264,295 299,095 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 300,575 139,720 160,855 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 7,110 3,120 3,990 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 308,025 143,345 164,680 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 710 290 420 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,725 6,150 7,575 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,805 3,170 3,640 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,310 5,130 6,180 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 65 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,410 3,665 3,745 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 1,325 605 720 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 250 115 135 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 5,420 2,705 2,720 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 495 285 210 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 4,720 2,005 2,715 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 2,635 1,250 1,385 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 2,340 880 1,465 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 30 10 20
Turkic languages 24,065 12,495 11,575 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 2,625 1,330 1,300 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 20,195 10,535 9,665 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 490 225 260 700 350 345
Uzbek 785 425 365 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 540 250 290 915 450 465
Uralic languages 25,660 11,605 14,055 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 2,750 1,190 1,560 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 2,450 1,025 1,425 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 20,515 9,410 11,105 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,275 1,175 1,100 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,371,020 2,606,395 2,764,635 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 4,666,240 2,271,285 2,394,950 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 988,125 507,650 480,475 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,678,115 1,763,635 1,914,475 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 704,790 335,105 369,680 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,371,020 2,606,390 2,764,635 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 2,647,660 1,325,780 1,321,875 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,588,715 1,213,600 1,375,110 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 570,800 264,690 306,105 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 354,720 169,415 185,300 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 615,195 286,895 328,300 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 701,370 328,685 372,685 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 364,605 171,720 192,885 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 336,765 156,965 179,800 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 346,635 163,920 182,715 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 134,650 67,010 67,640 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,588,710 1,213,605 1,375,110 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 210,560 104,680 105,885 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 425,730 214,310 211,420 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 561,010 248,975 312,035 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 1,112,050 520,805 591,245 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 279,360 124,830 154,525 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,588,715 1,213,605 1,375,115 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 393,895 174,345 219,550 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 10,010 4,705 5,305 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 16,110 7,390 8,715 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 10,615 5,280 5,335 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 67,295 29,760 37,535 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 2,555 1,200 1,355 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 97,095 40,495 56,600 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 10,595 4,710 5,885 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 7,685 3,415 4,270 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 41,765 18,320 23,445 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 43,175 20,260 22,915 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 86,995 38,800 48,195 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 568,320 267,530 300,790 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,230 4,565 4,665 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 11,040 5,225 5,810 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 6,595 3,095 3,500 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 19,960 9,295 10,665 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 26,890 13,115 13,780 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 11,185 5,045 6,140 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 7,445 3,635 3,810 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 95,175 46,030 49,150 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 5,940 2,870 3,075 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 53,330 23,935 29,390 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 66,340 31,825 34,515 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 23,965 10,890 13,075 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 33,130 14,300 18,830 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 12,690 6,140 6,550 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 31,045 14,215 16,830 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 84,810 40,430 44,375 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 69,555 32,920 36,630 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 147,790 71,030 76,760 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 1,205 640 565 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 23,285 12,065 11,215 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 10,785 4,910 5,870 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 10,980 5,025 5,955 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 3,395 1,655 1,740 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 15,970 7,910 8,065 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 10,780 4,310 6,470 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 12,360 5,990 6,370 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 59,020 28,520 30,505 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 1,471,940 697,390 774,555 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 24,510 12,230 12,275 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 31,885 16,065 15,820 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 262,175 119,475 142,700 317,225 143,705 173,515