Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver [Population centre], British Columbia and Canada [Country]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver
British Columbia
[Population centre]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Vancouver [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver [Population centre], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,264,823 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,124,443 r ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 944,471 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 883,021 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,584.1 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 876.44 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,264,840 1,106,730 1,158,110 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 332,860 171,850 161,010 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 108,000 55,780 52,215 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 112,660 58,265 54,390 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 112,210 57,805 54,405 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 1,590,165 779,140 811,025 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 130,305 67,075 63,235 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 157,125 80,180 76,945 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 171,840 85,320 86,520 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 173,775 85,695 88,085 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 158,025 76,495 81,535 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 156,065 73,760 82,305 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 169,655 80,975 88,680 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 175,260 85,500 89,755 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 160,745 77,680 83,065 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 137,355 66,470 70,895 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 341,810 155,735 186,075 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 116,465 55,805 60,665 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 78,455 37,000 41,455 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 58,795 26,925 31,865 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 43,350 19,515 23,835 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 44,750 16,495 28,255 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 27,640 11,195 16,450 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 12,840 4,240 8,600 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 3,610 910 2,700 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 655 150 510 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.5 13.9 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 70.2 70.4 70.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 15.1 14.1 16.1 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.6 39.7 41.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 39.1 41.3 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 883,020 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 239,120 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 158,310 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 482,600 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 17,955 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 85,655 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 148,850 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 228,940 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,195 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,985 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 883,020 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 255,730 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 271,610 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 141,340 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 127,760 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 86,575 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,232,290 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,931,975 934,880 997,100 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 1,087,700 541,665 546,035 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 940,845 467,385 473,455 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 146,860 74,280 72,580 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 844,275 393,215 451,065 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 591,360 314,225 277,140 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 46,135 18,645 27,485 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 116,460 43,075 73,385 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 90,320 17,265 73,055 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 620,775 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 296,105 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 146,905 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 134,200 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 43,565 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 620,770 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 523,610 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 450,195 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 73,415 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 97,160 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 78,825 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 18,335 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 523,610 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 233,850 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 289,760 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 119,840 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 127,955 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 41,960 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 97,160 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 62,250 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 27,065 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 7,850 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 433,355 202,685 230,675 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 883,020 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 546,745 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 202,200 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 344,545 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 35,385 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 300,890 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 255,730 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 45,160 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,244,265 1,097,095 1,147,170 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 1,953,500 971,900 981,600 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 1,080 515 565 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 157,470 70,350 87,120 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 132,215 54,325 77,890 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,244,260 1,097,095 1,147,170 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 2,076,105 1,025,245 1,050,860 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 23,735 11,970 11,765 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 13,800 6,330 7,470 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 130,620 53,540 77,080 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 30,635 15,140 15,500 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.4 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,244,260 1,097,090 1,147,170 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 2,169,020 1,060,760 1,108,260 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 1,189,670 604,460 585,210 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 1,166,785 592,875 573,905 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 22,885 11,585 11,300 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 979,350 456,300 523,050 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 830 375 455 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 310 130 175 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 20 0 20 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 215 105 115 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 40 15 25 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 15 5 5 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 15 15 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 145 70 80 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 25 40 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 60 25 35 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 105 45 55 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 100 50 55 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 5 5 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 35 15 25 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 25 15 10 660 295 360
Dene 15 10 10 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 5 10 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 5 5 5 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 5 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 10 10 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 15 5 15 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 5 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 15 5 10 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 5 5 0 105 55 55
Michif 5 0 5 465 230 235
Salish languages 125 60 65 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 35 20 20 475 225 245
Lillooet 10 5 5 315 155 155
Okanagan 5 5 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 10 0 445 225 220
Squamish 25 10 15 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 15 5 10 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 255 135 125
Siouan languages 25 15 10 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 20 10 15 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 95 40 55 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 45 15 25 880 435 445
Nisga'a 25 15 15 400 200 200
Tsimshian 20 10 15 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 55 25 30 805 370 435
Haisla 5 10 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 20 5 10 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 5 10 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 35 35 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 978,520 455,925 522,600 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,355 10,805 9,550 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 95 55 35 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 30 20 15 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 1,350 675 675 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 5 5 5 805 455 350
Oromo 170 95 75 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 1,165 570 595 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 195 170
Semitic languages 18,870 10,050 8,825 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 1,140 555 585 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 14,030 7,565 6,465 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 630 305 320 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 435 235 200 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 25 10 15 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 1,720 930 785 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 75 35 35 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 695 340 355 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,475 10,710 12,765 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,195 545 650 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 22,245 10,150 12,100 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 80,475 33,090 47,385 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 310 140 175 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 3,155 1,265 1,885 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 385 190 200 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 1,235 470 770 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 4,550 1,800 2,750 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 15 5 5 1,430 665 760
Malay 3,410 1,520 1,895 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 625 290 340 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 260 115 145 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65,535 26,880 38,655 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 180 65 110 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 815 355 460 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 580 300 285 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 20 15 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 355 175 180 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 6,105 3,230 2,875 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 220 115 105 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 1,720 890 830 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 3,230 1,675 1,555 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 895 540 355 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 130 70 60 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 396,175 193,435 202,745 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 1,015 520 490 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 1,020 505 520 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 54,230 25,445 28,785 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 580 255 325 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 290 135 155 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 295 120 170 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 53,650 25,190 28,460 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 55 30 25 810 385 430
Bosnian 1,140 565 570 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 1,660 775 885 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 5,140 2,490 2,655 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 3,225 1,555 1,675 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 240 115 125 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 11,285 5,315 5,975 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 17,320 7,885 9,440 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 6,050 3,105 2,950 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 1,105 530 570 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 2,235 990 1,250 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 480 225 250 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 3,555 1,540 2,015 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 165 85 80 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 270 155 120 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 110 60 50 1,090 540 550
Welsh 100 55 45 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 530 295 235
Germanic languages 31,530 15,020 16,510 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 1,200 615 580 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 1,660 815 850 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 6,065 2,955 3,110 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 65 20 40 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 20,150 9,480 10,675 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 140 70 75 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 725 355 370 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 1,130 510 620 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 165 85 80 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 210 110 100 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 525 280 240
Greek 4,565 2,345 2,215 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 235,425 116,520 118,905 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 192,045 94,740 97,305 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 2,650 1,380 1,270 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 6,095 2,870 3,230 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 23,785 11,385 12,400 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 45 25 15 565 300 265
Konkani 205 105 100 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 515 270 245 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 905 475 425 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 65 30 30 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 146,225 72,380 73,845 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 1,515 700 820 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,445 725 720 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 8,600 4,390 4,210 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 43,035 21,605 21,435 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 1,645 870 775 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 1,065 565 500 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 40,325 20,165 20,165 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 180 160 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 68,120 32,920 35,200 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 120 65 60 865 440 425
Italian 14,640 7,270 7,375 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 11,510 5,455 6,055 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 6,835 3,315 3,520 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 34,955 16,785 18,170 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 720 380 340
Japanese 16,325 5,560 10,760 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 60 35 25 1,715 910 805
Georgian 60 35 30 1,715 910 805
Korean 44,070 19,845 24,225 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 335 145 190 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 335 145 190 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 2,575 1,295 1,275 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 400 220 185 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 10 5 5 1,535 815 720
Edo 80 50 35 1,670 770 900
Ewe 60 30 25 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 5 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 30 15 15 920 445 470
Ganda 65 35 30 1,295 625 665
Igbo 155 90 65 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 55 25 30 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 45 55 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 45 55 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 150 65 80 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 565 280 290 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 30 10 20 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 190 110 80 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 580 270 310 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 255 130 125 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 80 50 30 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 180 80 95 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 580 300 280 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 240 120 125 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 340 190 150 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 373,505 170,645 202,865 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 371,255 169,515 201,740 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 182,400 84,160 98,240 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 2,140 930 1,205 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 163,800 74,170 89,625 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 205 100 105 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10,135 4,520 5,615 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,205 1,845 2,360 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,200 3,715 4,485 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 170 70 100 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,250 1,130 1,120 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 1,020 525 500 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 760 365 395 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 245 130 120 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 220 115 105 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 2,625 950 1,680 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 775 395 385 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 1,835 550 1,285 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 80 35 55
Turkic languages 3,585 1,980 1,605 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 490 275 220 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 2,670 1,515 1,155 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 160 80 80 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 95 45 50 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 165 75 95 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 6,950 3,210 3,740 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 360 155 200 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 1,700 675 1,030 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 4,885 2,380 2,510 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 355 195 160 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 75,245 36,335 38,910 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 4,840 2,360 2,480 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 67,385 32,570 34,815 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 1,480 720 765 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 1,540 685 855 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,244,265 1,097,090 1,147,170 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 2,063,070 1,010,655 1,052,410 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 1,462,715 729,695 733,020 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 1,454,540 725,625 728,910 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 8,175 4,065 4,110 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 600,355 280,960 319,395 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 100 45 55 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 25 15 15 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 5 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 5 5 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 10 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 5 0 5 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 10 5 5 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 5 5 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 10 5 5 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 5 45 20 25
Lillooet 5 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 10 5 5 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 10 5 5 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 5 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 315 155 155
Nisga'a 5 5 5 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 5 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 600,255 280,915 319,335 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,765 5,895 5,870 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 40 15 15 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 20 5 10 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 695 310 380 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 5 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 75 40 35 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 610 270 340 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 185 85 95
Semitic languages 11,020 5,560 5,460 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 535 245 290 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 8,540 4,335 4,205 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 195 205 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 305 165 140 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 10 5 5 735 335 400
Hebrew 780 400 380 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 5 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 355 160 190 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,490 6,695 7,790 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 615 285 325 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 13,865 6,405 7,460 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 34,880 15,400 19,480 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 65 30 35 290 140 155
Cebuano 1,070 475 595 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 100 50 50 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 345 150 195 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 1,450 615 830 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 5 5 0 435 220 210
Malay 1,045 480 560 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 135 65 75 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 55 25 30 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,300 13,355 16,945 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 50 25 30 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 260 130 135 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 275 120 155 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 195 85 110 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 3,310 1,680 1,635 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 95 45 55 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 875 445 430 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 1,910 950 955 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 415 235 185 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 55 20 30 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 213,800 103,735 110,065 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 495 245 250 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 490 215 275 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 24,520 11,745 12,770 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 150 70 80 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 65 30 35 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 80 40 45 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 24,365 11,680 12,690 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 10 5 5 230 105 120
Bosnian 535 260 270 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 885 410 480 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 1,715 805 910 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 945 475 465 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 115 55 60 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 4,270 2,025 2,245 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 10,330 4,890 5,440 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 3,350 1,705 1,650 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 435 205 235 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 735 355 385 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 30 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 950 445 505 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 670 310 360
Celtic languages 30 20 15 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 185 105 80
Welsh 15 10 10 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 3,950 1,865 2,080 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 410 200 205 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 165 85 80 855 410 445
Dutch 570 265 300 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 5 5 5 185 95 90
German 2,470 1,145 1,325 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 50 25 25 270 120 150
Norwegian 65 30 30 345 145 200
Swedish 200 95 105 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 355 170 185
Yiddish 10 10 5 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 1,635 790 845 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 153,170 74,880 78,295 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 124,505 60,980 63,525 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 1,565 770 795 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 2,695 1,190 1,495 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 11,100 5,245 5,850 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 5 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 30 20 15 720 355 370
Marathi 235 120 115 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 550 290 260 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 30 15 15 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 102,080 50,295 51,790 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 575 245 330 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 290 305 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 5,055 2,505 2,550 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 28,490 13,810 14,680 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 1,020 510 505 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 660 330 325 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 26,815 12,965 13,850 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 175 85 90 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 29,510 13,980 15,525 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 60 25 30 355 165 190
Italian 3,835 1,665 2,175 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 4,990 2,375 2,615 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 3,085 1,475 1,605 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 17,525 8,435 9,095 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 180 85 95
Japanese 8,005 3,285 4,725 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 1,040 565 475
Georgian 15 10 5 1,035 565 475
Korean 32,775 15,085 17,690 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 160 75 85 910 440 470
Mongolian 160 80 85 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 715 315 395 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 125 70 60 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 5 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 20 10 10 415 175 240
Ewe 15 10 10 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 5 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 5 5 5 345 160 185
Igbo 30 15 15 1,000 485 510
Lingala 35 15 25 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 1,530 670 865
Shona 35 20 20 1,035 475 560
Swahili 155 60 90 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 5 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 40 20 20 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 60 80 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 50 55 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 40 25 15 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 775 430 350 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 275 135 140 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 500 295 210 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 274,695 126,000 148,700 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 273,085 125,185 147,905 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 131,090 59,720 71,365 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 660 275 385 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 129,525 59,840 69,690 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 60 30 35 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,385 1,995 2,390 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,405 1,105 1,300 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,865 2,185 2,685 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,605 815 800 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 680 350 330 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 680 330 350 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 160 85 75 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 985 420 560 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 320 155 170 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 655 270 390 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 1,500 785 720 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 185 100 85 1,245 640 610
Turkish 1,145 600 545 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 95 45 45 610 315 290
Uzbek 40 20 20 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 25 455 230 225
Uralic languages 1,850 870 975 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 50 15 30 975 365 610
Finnish 395 170 225 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 1,410 685 725 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 181,195 86,435 94,760 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 3,265 1,605 1,660 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 175,135 83,580 91,555 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 490 220 270 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 2,300 1,025 1,275 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,244,265 1,097,095 1,147,170 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 1,745,045 860,010 885,030 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 223,750 108,280 115,470 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 17,875 8,180 9,690 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 249,460 116,805 132,650 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 770 360 410 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 248,690 116,445 132,245 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 920 415 505 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 4,765 2,225 2,535 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 2,370 1,135 1,235 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 75 35 40 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,899,830 920,025 979,805 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,820,110 881,720 938,390 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,086 38,059 27,445 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,822,630 884,045 938,580 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,011 33,395 25,639 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,633,275 804,160 829,115 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,397 39,080 26,819 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,263,560 538,385 725,180 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,178 1,087 3,189 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,371,380 694,380 677,005 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,613 39,822 28,398 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,900,040 920,145 979,890 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,820,500 881,760 938,740 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,981 54,557 37,925 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,823,095 884,185 938,905 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,920 43,683 32,493 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,632,760 804,030 828,730 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,606 55,980 37,511 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,263,805 537,790 726,015 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,023 5,757 6,220 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,371,335 694,755 676,575 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,652 54,292 36,781 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,900,040 920,145 979,890 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 589,860 333,750 256,105 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,477 60,158 48,861 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 66,984 74,942 56,613 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.6 87.3 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.9 78.4 70.1 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.4 12.7 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,899,830 920,025 979,805 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 79,725 38,310 41,420 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 1,820,110 881,720 938,390 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.8 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 315,700 135,530 180,170 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 322,935 135,320 187,615 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 229,015 98,450 130,560 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 195,040 88,095 106,940 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 173,240 81,095 92,145 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 136,850 68,580 68,265 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 106,475 58,675 47,800 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 81,390 46,600 34,795 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 63,885 37,275 26,605 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 45,930 27,895 18,035 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 149,650 104,205 45,450 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 97,130 65,580 31,550 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 52,525 38,625 13,895 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,899,830 920,025 979,805 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 77,205 35,980 41,225 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 1,822,625 884,045 938,580 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 326,725 142,695 184,030 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 337,690 143,595 194,090 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 270,860 118,955 151,905 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 231,350 106,065 125,280 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 192,310 93,560 98,755 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 139,765 75,900 63,860 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 99,300 56,945 42,360 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 71,505 41,850 29,655 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 153,135 104,485 48,650 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 45,580 28,960 16,620 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 28,965 19,470 9,495 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 78,590 56,055 22,540 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,899,830 920,025 979,805 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 528,450 225,650 302,800 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 1,371,385 694,380 677,005 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.5 69.1 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 187,690 83,900 103,785 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 104,015 44,525 59,490 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 186,230 82,745 103,485 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 154,315 70,230 84,085 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 144,080 66,950 77,135 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 132,915 62,845 70,065 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 106,050 55,140 50,910 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 84,185 48,355 35,830 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 66,040 38,955 27,090 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 205,870 140,745 65,125 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 52,670 31,560 21,105 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 37,435 23,785 13,645 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 115,770 85,400 30,365 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 883,020 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,674 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,565 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 255,730 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,927 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,632 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 627,295 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,895 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,253 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 883,240 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 94,774 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,271 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 255,900 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,641 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,033 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 627,345 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,184 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,461 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 883,020 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 26,975 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 14,565 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 27,295 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 35,995 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 33,390 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 33,300 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 33,655 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 33,910 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 33,920 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 33,815 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 64,820 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 60,215 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 55,310 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 50,775 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 45,150 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 299,935 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 91,605 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 65,825 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 74,520 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 67,985 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 883,020 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 28,685 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 14,755 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 27,765 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 37,190 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 37,880 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 39,980 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 40,775 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 40,775 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 41,175 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 39,905 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 74,575 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 67,610 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 61,470 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 53,405 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 46,490 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 230,595 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 89,065 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 55,445 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 86,080 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 596,335 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,148 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,386 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 198,615 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,239 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,018 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 288,695 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,516 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,649 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 86,855 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,529 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,751 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 595,885 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,833 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,745 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 198,235 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,625 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,349 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 288,875 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,160 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,609 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,640 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,302 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,757 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 368,375 179,095 189,280 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,044 33,557 30,838 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,939 29,979 28,084 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 367,995 178,365 189,630 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,145 45,675 40,766 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,063 37,729 34,496 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,232,290 1,091,660 1,140,630 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,100,960 525,080 575,880 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 286,730 137,425 149,305 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 214,350 99,375 114,980 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 197,435 93,835 103,595 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 198,470 95,395 103,070 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 203,975 99,045 104,930 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 1,131,330 566,585 564,750 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 207,900 101,760 106,140 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 214,770 106,725 108,045 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 223,475 111,775 111,700 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 235,010 118,280 116,730 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 250,180 128,045 122,135 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,224,910 1,088,140 1,136,770 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 405,260 209,225 196,040 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 129,280 66,790 62,490 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 1,498,060 730,030 768,025 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 321,595 148,895 172,700 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 375,620 177,360 198,265 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 77,990 40,120 37,875 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 23,285 11,860 11,430 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 241,840 113,305 128,530 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 55,790 23,935 31,855 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.9 16.3 17.4 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 19.2 19.2 19.3 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.3 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 16.1 15.5 16.7 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 17.3 16.1 18.4 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 324,435 154,570 169,860 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 63,830 32,735 31,095 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 18,425 9,360 9,065 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 224,205 106,675 117,525 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 36,400 15,165 21,240 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.6 14.2 14.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 15.8 15.6 15.9 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 14.0 14.5 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.0 14.6 15.3 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 11.3 10.2 12.3 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,232,545 1,091,990 1,140,560 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 2,100,825 1,037,550 1,063,280 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 2,099,815 1,037,060 1,062,755 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 157,535 70,310 87,225 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 1,170,410 551,015 619,395 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 1,525 645 880 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 480 200 280 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 15 0 15 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 300 145 155 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 85 45 40 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 20 0 15 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 15 10 10 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 180 90 95 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 10 10 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 145 40 100 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 15 10 10 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 120 35 80 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 85 25 55 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 10 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 50 0 40 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 10 1,150 535 610
Dene 10 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 10 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 10 10 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 10 10 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 10 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 10 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 55 30 25 465 205 260
Inuit languages 50 30 30 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 45 15 30 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 35 20 15 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 505 200 305 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 15 0 15 185 75 110
Halkomelem 135 55 80 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 20 10 10 790 405 385
Okanagan 35 10 20 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 225 100 125 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 10 10 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 55 15 40 565 295 270
Siouan languages 30 15 15 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 20 0 10 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 160 70 95 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 40 10 30 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 65 30 35 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 60 35 25 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 95 45 55 1,490 680 805
Haisla 30 0 20 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 15 10 10 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 40 35 10 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 15 0 10 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 15 15 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,168,965 550,405 618,560 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 28,595 14,925 13,670 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 130 80 45 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 55 30 25 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 1,875 870 1,010 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 15 10 15 1,085 625 470
Oromo 190 115 80 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 1,670 760 910 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 480 220 265
Semitic languages 26,850 14,115 12,730 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 1,745 895 850 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 19,520 10,425 9,095 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 720 340 375 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 545 270 275 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 60 35 20 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 4,455 2,280 2,175 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 150 80 65 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 935 505 425 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 285 150 130 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 29,470 14,010 15,460 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,425 615 805 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 28,110 13,400 14,705 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 104,555 43,985 60,565 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 495 200 285 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 4,135 1,620 2,510 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 975 580 400 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 1,330 580 745 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 5,600 2,190 3,410 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 10 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 6,265 2,970 3,295 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 730 330 400 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 435 180 260 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 94,500 39,135 55,360 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 255 110 140 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,135 555 580 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 1,720 930 795 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 55 25 35 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 995 525 470 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 685 385 295 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 8,725 4,620 4,105 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 435 205 230 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 2,515 1,350 1,170 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 4,820 2,510 2,310 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 1,385 805 575 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 150 80 75 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 509,685 249,375 260,310 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 1,080 545 535 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 1,390 695 695 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 62,220 29,785 32,440 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 570 290 275 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 290 165 125 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 280 130 150 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 61,820 29,575 32,245 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 205 90 110 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 1,695 845 850 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 1,915 845 1,065 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 7,535 3,705 3,830 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 4,090 1,920 2,165 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 330 170 160 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 13,005 6,225 6,780 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 22,865 10,785 12,080 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 7,730 3,965 3,765 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 1,215 575 635 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 2,775 1,300 1,465 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 665 295 365 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 5,450 2,395 3,055 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 225 110 115 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 1,095 630 465 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 310 205 110 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 115 60 60 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 670 365 305 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 49,300 23,840 25,465 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 3,620 1,875 1,740 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 2,100 1,000 1,100 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 7,610 3,625 3,995 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 85 45 40 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 33,500 16,385 17,110 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 190 100 90 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 1,250 645 605 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 2,485 1,090 1,390 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 200 115 90 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 365 165 195 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 6,750 3,415 3,330 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 288,160 143,285 144,875 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 240,830 119,440 121,390 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 3,130 1,605 1,520 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 10,265 4,835 5,430 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 68,905 33,580 35,325 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 40 25 20 905 490 420
Konkani 340 165 170 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 1,235 625 610 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 1,145 570 575 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 55 35 20 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 181,205 90,500 90,700 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 3,025 1,295 1,730 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,135 1,110 1,030 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 14,055 7,350 6,705 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 48,325 24,385 23,945 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 2,075 1,095 975 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 1,525 845 680 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 46,055 23,210 22,840 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 750 375 375 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 112,190 53,450 58,740 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 240 125 120 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 24,350 11,785 12,560 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 15,040 7,180 7,865 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 7,855 3,890 3,960 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 70,585 33,290 37,300 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 215 125 85 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 27,510 11,900 15,615 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 90 50 45 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 90 50 40 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 48,680 22,290 26,390 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 315 155 155 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 315 155 155 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 5,615 2,915 2,700 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 480 270 205 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 25 15 10 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 115 60 55 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 110 75 35 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 15 35 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 90 55 30 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 110 60 45 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 205 125 80 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 225 100 125 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 65 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 200 90 110 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 255 120 140 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 2,565 1,380 1,185 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 30 15 15 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 505 260 245 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,270 580 695 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 280 145 135 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 45 35 15 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 110 120 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 3,230 1,280 1,950 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 1,820 605 1,215 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,470 695 775 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 416,185 191,945 224,245 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 413,750 190,715 223,040 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 221,150 102,350 118,795 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 2,490 1,185 1,300 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 236,910 106,760 130,155 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 115 55 60 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15,040 6,665 8,375 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,190 2,260 2,930 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,450 3,850 4,595 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 180 70 110 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,710 1,355 1,360 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 1,385 685 700 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 895 445 445 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 290 160 130 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 290 135 155 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 3,655 1,475 2,180 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 1,080 490 590 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 2,760 1,055 1,705 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 5,860 3,180 2,685 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 825 445 380 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 4,795 2,590 2,200 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 105 50 60 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 170 95 75 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 8,130 3,815 4,320 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 365 160 205 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 1,820 690 1,130 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 5,975 2,970 3,005 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 685 380 300 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,232,545 1,091,995 1,140,555 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,923,530 945,800 977,725 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 370,125 191,590 178,535 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,553,405 754,205 799,195 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 309,015 146,190 162,825 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,232,550 1,091,990 1,140,555 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,216,705 616,680 600,025 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 940,535 438,815 501,725 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 190,755 91,520 99,230 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 115,735 54,010 61,720 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 239,750 110,660 129,085 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 257,780 118,270 139,510 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 119,690 54,775 64,910 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 138,090 63,495 74,600 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 136,515 64,350 72,170 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 75,310 36,500 38,810 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 940,535 438,810 501,725 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 72,970 37,090 35,885 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 149,360 77,155 72,205 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 194,335 88,380 105,955 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 403,665 180,565 223,100 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 120,195 55,620 64,575 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 940,535 438,810 501,725 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 60,695 28,760 31,935 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 2,715 1,115 1,600 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 2,985 1,380 1,610 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 4,310 2,190 2,120 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 865 405 465 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 245 105 140 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 2,075 1,090 985 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 7,475 3,280 4,195 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 2,595 1,120 1,465 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,805 850 955 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 23,620 11,530 12,090 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 12,005 5,700 6,300 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 151,850 74,650 77,205 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,785 1,840 1,950 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 3,855 1,955 1,895 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 3,220 1,675 1,545 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 11,330 5,455 5,875 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 2,680 1,385 1,300 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 3,420 1,755 1,665 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,425 1,890 1,530 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 9,955 5,070 4,890 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 5,015 2,505 2,515 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 9,815 4,630 5,185 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 4,460 2,210 2,250 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 6,745 3,290 3,455 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 8,080 3,485 4,595 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 3,645 1,830 1,815 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 5,150 2,445 2,700 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 47,260 23,700 23,565 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 20,015 9,530 10,480 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 30,090 15,220 14,870 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 425 275 150 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 2,020 1,090 930 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 1,650 825 830 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 3,895 1,780 2,110 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 695 365 330 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 1,160 610 550 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 1,010 485 525 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 7,130 3,700 3,425 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 12,100 6,075 6,025 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 674,920 309,310 365,615 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 4,820 2,425 2,395 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 1,865 945 920 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 180,300 80,410 99,895 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 70,795 32,515 38,280 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 121,910 59,425 62,480 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 34,310 17,400 16,910 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 5,145 2,630 2,510 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 10,330 3,065 7,265 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 35,310 16,025 19,285 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 1,750 990 765 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 8,870 4,540 4,325 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 94,910 40,075 54,840 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 4,130 2,155 1,970 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,265 1,140 1,130 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 35,495 15,995 19,500 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 23,380 10,925 12,455 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 39,350 18,650 20,700 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 22,985 10,875 12,105 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 136,515 64,350 72,165 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 9,680 4,945 4,735 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 905 420 485 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 450 215 235 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 65 35 35 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 10 0 0 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 155 110 45 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 2,210 1,115 1,090 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,860 2,075 1,785 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 215 100 115 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 1,810 865 945 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 12,995 6,715 6,280 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 785 415 365 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 755 440 315 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,180 740 445