Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver [Population centre], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver
British Columbia
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver [Population centre], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 2,264,823 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,124,443 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 944,471 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 883,021 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,584.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 876.44 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 2,264,840 1,106,730 1,158,110 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 332,860 171,850 161,010 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 108,000 55,780 52,215 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 112,660 58,265 54,390 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 112,210 57,805 54,405 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 1,590,165 779,140 811,025 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 130,305 67,075 63,235 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 157,125 80,180 76,945 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 171,840 85,320 86,520 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 173,775 85,695 88,085 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 158,025 76,495 81,535 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 156,065 73,760 82,305 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 169,655 80,975 88,680 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 175,260 85,500 89,755 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 160,745 77,680 83,065 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 137,355 66,470 70,895 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 341,810 155,735 186,075 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 116,465 55,805 60,665 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 78,455 37,000 41,455 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 58,795 26,925 31,865 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 43,350 19,515 23,835 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 44,750 16,495 28,255 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 27,640 11,195 16,450 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 12,840 4,240 8,600 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 3,610 910 2,700 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 655 150 510 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.7 15.5 13.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 70.2 70.4 70.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.1 14.1 16.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.6 39.7 41.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.3 39.1 41.3 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 883,020 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 239,120 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 158,310 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 482,600 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 17,955 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 85,655 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 148,850 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 228,940 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,195 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,985 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 883,020 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 255,730 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 271,610 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 141,340 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 127,760 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 86,575 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,232,290 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,931,975 934,880 997,100 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 1,087,700 541,665 546,035 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 940,845 467,385 473,455 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 146,860 74,280 72,580 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 844,275 393,215 451,065 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 591,360 314,225 277,140 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 46,135 18,645 27,485 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 116,460 43,075 73,385 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 90,320 17,265 73,055 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 620,775 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 296,105 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 146,905 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 134,200 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 43,565 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 620,770 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 523,610 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 450,195 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 73,415 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 97,160 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 78,825 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 18,335 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 523,610 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 233,850 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 289,760 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 119,840 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 127,955 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 41,960 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 97,160 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 62,250 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 27,065 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 7,850 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 433,355 202,685 230,675 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 883,020 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 546,745 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 202,200 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 344,545 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 35,385 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 300,890 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 255,730 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 45,160 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 2,244,265 1,097,095 1,147,170 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 1,953,500 971,900 981,600 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 1,080 515 565 1,810 820 985
English and French 157,470 70,350 87,120 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 132,215 54,325 77,890 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 2,244,260 1,097,095 1,147,170 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 2,076,105 1,025,245 1,050,860 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 23,735 11,970 11,765 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 13,800 6,330 7,470 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 130,620 53,540 77,080 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 30,635 15,140 15,500 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 2,244,260 1,097,090 1,147,170 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 2,169,020 1,060,760 1,108,260 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 1,189,670 604,460 585,210 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 1,166,785 592,875 573,905 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 22,885 11,585 11,300 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 979,350 456,300 523,050 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 830 375 455 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 310 130 175 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 20 0 20 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 215 105 115 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 40 15 25 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 15 15 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 145 70 80 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 25 40 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 60 25 35 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 105 45 55 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 100 50 55 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 5 5 5 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 35 15 25 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 25 15 10 650 295 355
Dene 15 10 10 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 10 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 5 5 5 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 5 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 10 10 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 15 5 15 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 5 10 0 10
Inuktitut 15 5 10 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 5 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 125 60 65 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 35 20 20 475 230 245
Lillooet 10 5 5 315 155 160
Okanagan 5 5 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 10 0 435 220 215
Squamish 25 10 15 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 15 5 10 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 250 130 120
Siouan languages 25 15 10 45 25 20
Dakota 20 10 15 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 95 40 55 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 45 15 25 875 435 445
Nisga'a 25 15 15 385 195 190
Tsimshian 20 10 15 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 55 25 30 795 365 435
Haisla 5 10 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 20 5 10 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 5 10 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 75 35 35 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 978,520 455,925 522,600 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,355 10,805 9,550 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 95 55 35 115 75 45
Kabyle 30 20 15 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,350 675 675 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 5 5 5 0 0
Oromo 170 95 75 205 115 95
Somali 1,165 570 595 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 18,870 10,050 8,825 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 1,140 555 585 1,370 670 700
Arabic 14,030 7,565 6,465 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 630 305 320 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 435 235 200 440 245 200
Harari 25 10 15 20 5 15
Hebrew 1,720 930 785 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 75 35 35 215 100 115
Tigrigna 695 340 355 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,475 10,710 12,765 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,195 545 650 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 22,245 10,150 12,100 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 80,475 33,090 47,385 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 310 140 175 375 165 215
Cebuano 3,155 1,265 1,885 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 385 190 200 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 1,235 470 770 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 4,550 1,800 2,750 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 15 5 5 20 10 15
Malay 3,410 1,520 1,895 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 625 290 340 700 320 380
Pangasinan 260 115 145 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65,535 26,880 38,655 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 180 65 110 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 815 355 460 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 580 300 285 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 15 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 355 175 180 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 6,105 3,230 2,875 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 220 115 105 280 150 135
Malayalam 1,720 890 830 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 3,230 1,675 1,555 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 895 540 355 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 130 70 60 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 396,175 193,435 202,745 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,015 520 490 1,465 765 705
Armenian 1,020 505 520 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 54,230 25,445 28,785 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 580 255 325 1,070 485 585
Latvian 290 135 155 565 255 300
Lithuanian 295 120 170 505 225 280
Slavic languages 53,650 25,190 28,460 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 55 30 25 95 45 50
Bosnian 1,140 565 570 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 1,660 775 885 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 5,140 2,490 2,655 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 3,225 1,555 1,675 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 240 115 125 325 160 165
Polish 11,285 5,315 5,975 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 17,320 7,885 9,440 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 6,050 3,105 2,950 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 1,105 530 570 1,395 670 725
Slovak 2,235 990 1,250 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 480 225 250 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 3,555 1,540 2,015 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 165 85 80 345 175 170
Celtic languages 270 155 120 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 110 60 50 240 130 110
Welsh 100 55 45 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 95 50 45
Germanic languages 31,530 15,020 16,510 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 1,200 615 580 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 1,660 815 850 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 6,065 2,955 3,110 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 65 20 40 295 145 145
German 20,150 9,480 10,675 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 140 70 75 275 135 145
Norwegian 725 355 370 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 1,130 510 620 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 165 85 80 445 220 225
Yiddish 210 110 100 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 65 45 25
Greek 4,565 2,345 2,215 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 235,425 116,520 118,905 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 192,045 94,740 97,305 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 2,650 1,380 1,270 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 6,095 2,870 3,230 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 23,785 11,385 12,400 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 45 25 15 65 35 25
Konkani 205 105 100 255 130 125
Marathi 515 270 245 620 325 295
Nepali 905 475 425 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 65 30 30 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 146,225 72,380 73,845 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 1,515 700 820 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,445 725 720 1,675 845 830
Urdu 8,600 4,390 4,210 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 43,035 21,605 21,435 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 1,645 870 775 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,065 565 500 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 40,325 20,165 20,165 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 340 180 160 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 68,120 32,920 35,200 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 120 65 60 160 85 75
Italian 14,640 7,270 7,375 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 11,510 5,455 6,055 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 6,835 3,315 3,520 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 34,955 16,785 18,170 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 105 65 40
Japanese 16,325 5,560 10,760 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 60 35 25 85 50 35
Georgian 60 35 30 85 50 40
Korean 44,070 19,845 24,225 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 335 145 190 360 150 205
Mongolian 335 145 190 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 2,575 1,295 1,275 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 400 220 185 495 275 220
Bamanankan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Edo 80 50 35 85 50 35
Ewe 60 30 25 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 5 45 25 20
Ga 30 15 15 45 20 25
Ganda 65 35 30 90 45 45
Igbo 155 90 65 245 145 105
Lingala 55 25 30 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 45 55 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 45 55 155 70 80
Shona 150 65 80 215 100 115
Swahili 565 280 290 805 400 405
Wolof 30 10 20 50 25 25
Yoruba 190 110 80 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 580 270 310 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 255 130 125 340 175 165
Dinka 80 50 30 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 180 80 95 240 115 125
Sign languages 580 300 280 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 240 120 125 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 340 190 150 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 373,505 170,645 202,865 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 371,255 169,515 201,740 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 182,400 84,160 98,240 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 2,140 930 1,205 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 163,800 74,170 89,625 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 205 100 105 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10,135 4,520 5,615 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 4,205 1,845 2,360 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,200 3,715 4,485 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 170 70 100 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,250 1,130 1,120 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 1,020 525 500 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 760 365 395 815 395 425
Tibetan 245 130 120 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 220 115 105 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 2,625 950 1,680 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 775 395 385 1,100 550 550
Thai 1,835 550 1,285 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 20 10 15
Turkic languages 3,585 1,980 1,605 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 490 275 220 530 290 235
Turkish 2,670 1,515 1,155 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 160 80 80 170 85 85
Uzbek 95 45 50 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 165 75 95 190 80 110
Uralic languages 6,950 3,210 3,740 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 360 155 200 705 295 410
Finnish 1,700 675 1,030 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 4,885 2,380 2,510 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 355 195 160 500 280 225
Multiple responses 75,245 36,335 38,910 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 4,840 2,360 2,480 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 67,385 32,570 34,815 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 1,480 720 765 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 1,540 685 855 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 2,244,265 1,097,090 1,147,170 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 2,063,070 1,010,655 1,052,410 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 1,462,715 729,695 733,020 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 1,454,540 725,625 728,910 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 8,175 4,065 4,110 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 600,355 280,960 319,395 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 100 45 55 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 25 15 15 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 5 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 10 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 5 0 5 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 10 5 5 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 5 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 10 5 5 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 5 50 20 30
Lillooet 5 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Dakota 10 5 5 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 5 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 310 155 155
Nisga'a 5 5 5 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 5 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 600,255 280,915 319,335 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,765 5,895 5,870 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 40 15 15 45 25 20
Kabyle 20 5 10 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 695 310 380 770 355 415
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 75 40 35 90 50 45
Somali 610 270 340 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 11,020 5,560 5,460 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 535 245 290 600 275 320
Arabic 8,540 4,335 4,205 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 195 205 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 305 165 140 310 165 145
Harari 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 780 400 380 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 355 160 190 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 14,490 6,695 7,790 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 615 285 325 800 375 420
Vietnamese 13,865 6,405 7,460 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 34,880 15,400 19,480 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 65 30 35 75 30 35
Cebuano 1,070 475 595 1,305 585 715
Fijian 100 50 50 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 345 150 195 415 175 240
Ilocano 1,450 615 830 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 5 0 10 5 10
Malay 1,045 480 560 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 135 65 75 150 70 80
Pangasinan 55 25 30 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,300 13,355 16,945 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 50 25 30 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 260 130 135 310 150 160
Creole languages 275 120 155 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 195 85 110 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 3,310 1,680 1,635 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 95 45 55 110 55 60
Malayalam 875 445 430 1,225 615 605
Tamil 1,910 950 955 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 415 235 185 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 55 20 30 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 213,800 103,735 110,065 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 495 245 250 695 335 360
Armenian 490 215 275 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 24,520 11,745 12,770 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 150 70 80 210 90 115
Latvian 65 30 35 80 30 50
Lithuanian 80 40 45 125 60 65
Slavic languages 24,365 11,680 12,690 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 10 5 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 535 260 270 595 300 300
Bulgarian 885 410 480 1,035 485 550
Croatian 1,715 805 910 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 945 475 465 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 115 55 60 150 75 75
Polish 4,270 2,025 2,245 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 10,330 4,890 5,440 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 3,350 1,705 1,650 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 435 205 235 500 235 265
Slovak 735 355 385 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 30 145 65 85
Ukrainian 950 445 505 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 30 20 15 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 15 10 10 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 3,950 1,865 2,080 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 410 200 205 1,475 715 760
Danish 165 85 80 305 145 160
Dutch 570 265 300 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 5 5 10 5 5
German 2,470 1,145 1,325 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 50 25 25 75 35 35
Norwegian 65 30 30 140 60 80
Swedish 200 95 105 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 10 10 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 1,635 790 845 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 153,170 74,880 78,295 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 124,505 60,980 63,525 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 1,565 770 795 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 2,695 1,190 1,495 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 11,100 5,245 5,850 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 30 20 15 40 25 25
Marathi 235 120 115 270 140 130
Nepali 550 290 260 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 30 15 15 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 102,080 50,295 51,790 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 575 245 330 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 290 305 675 330 340
Urdu 5,055 2,505 2,550 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 28,490 13,810 14,680 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 1,020 510 505 1,080 540 535
Pashto 660 330 325 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 26,815 12,965 13,850 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 175 85 90 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 29,510 13,980 15,525 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 60 25 30 65 35 35
Italian 3,835 1,665 2,175 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 4,990 2,375 2,615 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 3,085 1,475 1,605 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 17,525 8,435 9,095 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 5 10
Japanese 8,005 3,285 4,725 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 30 15 10
Georgian 15 10 5 30 15 15
Korean 32,775 15,085 17,690 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 160 75 85 170 80 90
Mongolian 160 80 85 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 715 315 395 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 125 70 60 150 80 65
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 20 10 10 15 10 10
Ewe 15 10 10 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 5 5 10 5 5
Igbo 30 15 15 40 20 15
Lingala 35 15 25 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 60 25 35
Shona 35 20 20 65 25 40
Swahili 155 60 90 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 40 20 20 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 60 80 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 50 55 140 60 75
Dinka 40 25 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 775 430 350 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 275 135 140 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 500 295 210 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 274,695 126,000 148,700 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 273,085 125,185 147,905 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 131,090 59,720 71,365 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 660 275 385 700 295 410
Mandarin 129,525 59,840 69,690 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 60 30 35 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,385 1,995 2,390 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 2,405 1,105 1,300 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,865 2,185 2,685 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,605 815 800 1,745 885 865
Burmese 680 350 330 720 375 350
Karenic languages 680 330 350 725 355 370
Tibetan 160 85 75 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 985 420 560 1,380 595 785
Lao 320 155 170 460 225 235
Thai 655 270 390 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 1,500 785 720 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 185 100 85 195 105 95
Turkish 1,145 600 545 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 95 45 45 95 50 50
Uzbek 40 20 20 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 25 40 20 25
Uralic languages 1,850 870 975 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 50 15 30 95 40 55
Finnish 395 170 225 725 325 400
Hungarian 1,410 685 725 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 110 55 60 145 70 75
Multiple responses 181,195 86,435 94,760 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 3,265 1,605 1,660 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 175,135 83,580 91,555 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 490 220 270 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 2,300 1,025 1,275 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 2,244,265 1,097,095 1,147,170 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 1,745,045 860,010 885,030 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 223,750 108,280 115,470 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 17,875 8,180 9,690 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 249,460 116,805 132,650 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 770 360 410 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 248,690 116,445 132,245 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 920 415 505 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 4,765 2,225 2,535 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 2,370 1,135 1,235 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 75 35 40 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,899,830 920,025 979,805 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,820,110 881,720 938,390 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,086 38,059 27,445 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,822,630 884,045 938,580 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,011 33,395 25,639 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,633,275 804,160 829,115 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,397 39,080 26,819 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,263,560 538,385 725,180 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,178 1,087 3,189 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,371,380 694,380 677,005 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,613 39,822 28,398 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,900,040 920,145 979,890 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,820,500 881,760 938,740 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,981 54,557 37,925 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,823,095 884,185 938,905 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,920 43,683 32,493 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,632,760 804,030 828,730 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,606 55,980 37,511 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,263,805 537,790 726,015 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,023 5,757 6,220 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,371,335 694,755 676,575 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,652 54,292 36,781 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,900,040 920,145 979,890 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 589,860 333,750 256,105 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,477 60,158 48,861 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 66,984 74,942 56,613 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.6 87.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.9 78.4 70.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.4 12.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,899,830 920,025 979,805 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 79,725 38,310 41,420 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 1,820,110 881,720 938,390 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.8 95.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 315,700 135,530 180,170 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 322,935 135,320 187,615 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 229,015 98,450 130,560 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 195,040 88,095 106,940 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 173,240 81,095 92,145 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 136,850 68,580 68,265 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 106,475 58,675 47,800 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 81,390 46,600 34,795 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 63,885 37,275 26,605 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 45,930 27,895 18,035 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 149,650 104,205 45,450 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 97,130 65,580 31,550 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 52,525 38,625 13,895 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,899,830 920,025 979,805 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 77,205 35,980 41,225 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 1,822,625 884,045 938,580 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.1 95.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 326,725 142,695 184,030 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 337,690 143,595 194,090 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 270,860 118,955 151,905 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 231,350 106,065 125,280 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 192,310 93,560 98,755 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 139,765 75,900 63,860 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 99,300 56,945 42,360 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 71,505 41,850 29,655 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 153,135 104,485 48,650 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 45,580 28,960 16,620 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 28,965 19,470 9,495 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 78,590 56,055 22,540 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,899,830 920,025 979,805 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 528,450 225,650 302,800 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 1,371,385 694,380 677,005 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.5 69.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 187,690 83,900 103,785 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 104,015 44,525 59,490 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 186,230 82,745 103,485 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 154,315 70,230 84,085 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 144,080 66,950 77,135 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 132,915 62,845 70,065 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 106,050 55,140 50,910 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 84,185 48,355 35,830 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 66,040 38,955 27,090 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 205,870 140,745 65,125 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 52,670 31,560 21,105 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 37,435 23,785 13,645 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 115,770 85,400 30,365 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 883,020 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,674 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,565 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 255,730 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,927 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,632 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 627,295 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,895 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,253 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 883,240 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 94,774 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,271 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 255,900 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,641 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,033 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 627,345 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,184 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,461 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 883,020 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 26,975 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 14,565 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 27,295 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 35,995 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 33,390 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 33,300 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 33,655 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 33,910 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 33,920 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 33,815 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 64,820 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 60,215 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 55,310 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 50,775 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 45,150 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 299,935 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 91,605 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 65,825 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 74,520 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 67,985 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 883,020 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 28,685 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 14,755 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 27,765 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 37,190 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 37,880 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 39,980 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 40,775 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 40,775 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 41,175 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 39,905 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 74,575 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 67,610 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 61,470 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 53,405 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 46,490 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 230,595 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 89,065 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 55,445 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 86,080 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 596,335 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,148 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,386 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 198,615 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,239 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,018 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 288,695 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,516 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,649 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 86,855 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,529 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,751 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 595,885 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,833 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,745 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 198,235 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,625 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,349 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 288,875 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,160 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,609 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,640 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,302 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,757 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 368,375 179,095 189,280 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,044 33,557 30,838 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,939 29,979 28,084 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 367,995 178,365 189,630 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,145 45,675 40,766 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,063 37,729 34,496 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 2,232,290 1,091,660 1,140,630 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,100,960 525,080 575,880 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 286,730 137,425 149,305 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 214,350 99,375 114,980 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 197,435 93,835 103,595 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 198,470 95,395 103,070 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 203,975 99,045 104,930 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 1,131,330 566,585 564,750 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 207,900 101,760 106,140 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 214,770 106,725 108,045 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 223,475 111,775 111,700 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 235,010 118,280 116,730 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 250,180 128,045 122,135 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 2,224,910 1,088,140 1,136,770 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 405,260 209,225 196,040 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 129,280 66,790 62,490 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 1,498,060 730,030 768,025 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 321,595 148,895 172,700 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 375,620 177,360 198,265 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 77,990 40,120 37,875 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 23,285 11,860 11,430 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 241,840 113,305 128,530 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 55,790 23,935 31,855 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.9 16.3 17.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.2 19.2 19.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.3 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 16.1 15.5 16.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 17.3 16.1 18.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 324,435 154,570 169,860 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 63,830 32,735 31,095 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 18,425 9,360 9,065 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 224,205 106,675 117,525 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 36,400 15,165 21,240 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.6 14.2 14.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.8 15.6 15.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 14.0 14.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.0 14.6 15.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 11.3 10.2 12.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 2,232,545 1,091,990 1,140,560 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 2,100,825 1,037,550 1,063,280 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 2,099,815 1,037,060 1,062,755 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 157,535 70,310 87,225 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 1,170,410 551,015 619,395 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 1,525 645 880 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 480 200 280 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 15 0 15 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 300 145 155 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 85 45 40 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 0 15 55 25 30
Woods Cree 15 10 10 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 180 90 95 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 30 20 10
Malecite 10 10 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 145 40 100 310 100 205
Algonquin 15 10 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 120 35 80 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 55 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 10 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 50 0 40 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 10 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 10 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 10 10 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 10 10 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 10 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 10 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 55 30 25 455 195 255
Inuit languages 50 30 30 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 45 15 30 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 35 20 15 110 50 60
Salish languages 505 200 305 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 15 0 15 185 75 105
Halkomelem 135 55 80 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 20 10 10 790 405 385
Okanagan 35 10 20 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 225 100 125 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 10 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 55 15 40 540 280 260
Siouan languages 30 15 15 55 20 35
Dakota 20 0 10 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 160 70 95 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 40 10 30 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 65 30 35 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 60 35 25 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 95 45 55 1,460 670 795
Haisla 30 0 20 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 15 10 10 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 40 35 10 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 15 0 10 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 15 15 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,168,965 550,405 618,560 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 28,595 14,925 13,670 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 130 80 45 145 95 45
Kabyle 55 30 25 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,875 870 1,010 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 15 10 15 20 10 15
Oromo 190 115 80 245 140 110
Somali 1,670 760 910 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 26,850 14,115 12,730 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,745 895 850 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 19,520 10,425 9,095 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 720 340 375 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 545 270 275 570 285 285
Harari 60 35 20 55 35 20
Hebrew 4,455 2,280 2,175 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 150 80 65 315 155 155
Tigrigna 935 505 425 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 285 150 130 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 29,470 14,010 15,460 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,425 615 805 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 28,110 13,400 14,705 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 104,555 43,985 60,565 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 495 200 285 530 215 310
Cebuano 4,135 1,620 2,510 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 975 580 400 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 1,330 580 745 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 5,600 2,190 3,410 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 10 25 15 10
Malay 6,265 2,970 3,295 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 730 330 400 855 365 495
Pangasinan 435 180 260 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 94,500 39,135 55,360 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 255 110 140 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,135 555 580 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 1,720 930 795 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 55 25 35 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 995 525 470 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 685 385 295 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 8,725 4,620 4,105 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 435 205 230 510 250 265
Malayalam 2,515 1,350 1,170 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 4,820 2,510 2,310 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 1,385 805 575 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 150 80 75 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 509,685 249,375 260,310 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,080 545 535 1,640 840 795
Armenian 1,390 695 695 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 62,220 29,785 32,440 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 570 290 275 1,030 515 520
Latvian 290 165 125 555 290 265
Lithuanian 280 130 150 475 220 250
Slavic languages 61,820 29,575 32,245 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 205 90 110 245 115 125
Bosnian 1,695 845 850 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 1,915 845 1,065 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 7,535 3,705 3,830 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 4,090 1,920 2,165 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 330 170 160 400 220 185
Polish 13,005 6,225 6,780 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 22,865 10,785 12,080 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 7,730 3,965 3,765 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 1,215 575 635 1,525 770 750
Slovak 2,775 1,300 1,465 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 665 295 365 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 5,450 2,395 3,055 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 225 110 115 420 215 205
Celtic languages 1,095 630 465 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 310 205 110 660 395 265
Welsh 115 60 60 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 670 365 305 860 450 410
Germanic languages 49,300 23,840 25,465 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 3,620 1,875 1,740 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 2,100 1,000 1,100 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 7,610 3,625 3,995 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 85 45 40 465 230 240
German 33,500 16,385 17,110 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 190 100 90 405 210 195
Norwegian 1,250 645 605 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 2,485 1,090 1,390 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 200 115 90 545 270 275
Yiddish 365 165 195 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 155 95 60
Greek 6,750 3,415 3,330 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 288,160 143,285 144,875 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 240,830 119,440 121,390 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 3,130 1,605 1,520 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 10,265 4,835 5,430 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 68,905 33,580 35,325 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 40 25 20 60 30 25
Konkani 340 165 170 415 215 200
Marathi 1,235 625 610 1,475 780 695
Nepali 1,145 570 575 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 55 35 20 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 181,205 90,500 90,700 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 3,025 1,295 1,730 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,135 1,110 1,030 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 14,055 7,350 6,705 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 48,325 24,385 23,945 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 2,075 1,095 975 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,525 845 680 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 46,055 23,210 22,840 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 750 375 375 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 112,190 53,450 58,740 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 240 125 120 395 210 180
Italian 24,350 11,785 12,560 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 15,040 7,180 7,865 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 7,855 3,890 3,960 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 70,585 33,290 37,300 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 215 125 85 380 245 140
Japanese 27,510 11,900 15,615 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 90 50 45 115 55 60
Georgian 90 50 40 115 55 55
Korean 48,680 22,290 26,390 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 315 155 155 370 170 200
Mongolian 315 155 155 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 5,615 2,915 2,700 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 480 270 205 630 350 280
Bamanankan 25 15 10 30 20 15
Edo 115 60 55 145 80 60
Ewe 110 75 35 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 15 35 105 30 70
Ga 90 55 30 150 95 50
Ganda 110 60 45 165 80 85
Igbo 205 125 80 425 240 185
Lingala 225 100 125 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 65 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 200 90 110 290 125 165
Shona 255 120 140 415 220 195
Swahili 2,565 1,380 1,185 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 30 15 15 50 25 30
Yoruba 505 260 245 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,270 580 695 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 280 145 135 405 210 200
Dinka 45 35 15 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 110 120 325 155 165
Sign languages 3,230 1,280 1,950 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 1,820 605 1,215 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,470 695 775 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 416,185 191,945 224,245 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 413,750 190,715 223,040 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 221,150 102,350 118,795 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 2,490 1,185 1,300 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 236,910 106,760 130,155 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 115 55 60 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15,040 6,665 8,375 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,190 2,260 2,930 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 8,450 3,850 4,595 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 180 70 110 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,710 1,355 1,360 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 1,385 685 700 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 895 445 445 955 485 465
Tibetan 290 160 130 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 290 135 155 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 3,655 1,475 2,180 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 1,080 490 590 1,630 735 890
Thai 2,760 1,055 1,705 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 5,860 3,180 2,685 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 825 445 380 945 510 435
Turkish 4,795 2,590 2,200 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 105 50 60 115 60 55
Uzbek 170 95 75 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 275 140 130
Uralic languages 8,130 3,815 4,320 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 365 160 205 780 350 425
Finnish 1,820 690 1,130 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 5,975 2,970 3,005 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 685 380 300 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 2,232,545 1,091,995 1,140,555 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,923,530 945,800 977,725 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 370,125 191,590 178,535 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,553,405 754,205 799,195 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 309,015 146,190 162,825 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 2,232,550 1,091,990 1,140,555 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,216,705 616,680 600,025 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 940,535 438,815 501,725 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 190,755 91,520 99,230 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 115,735 54,010 61,720 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 239,750 110,660 129,085 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 257,780 118,270 139,510 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 119,690 54,775 64,910 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 138,090 63,495 74,600 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 136,515 64,350 72,170 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 75,310 36,500 38,810 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 940,535 438,810 501,725 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 72,970 37,090 35,885 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 149,360 77,155 72,205 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 194,335 88,380 105,955 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 403,665 180,565 223,100 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 120,195 55,620 64,575 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 940,535 438,810 501,725 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 60,695 28,760 31,935 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 2,715 1,115 1,600 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 2,985 1,380 1,610 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 4,310 2,190 2,120 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 865 405 465 1,305 600 710
Haiti 245 105 140 570 250 315
Jamaica 2,075 1,090 985 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 7,475 3,280 4,195 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 2,595 1,120 1,465 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 1,805 850 955 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 23,620 11,530 12,090 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 12,005 5,700 6,300 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 151,850 74,650 77,205 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,785 1,840 1,950 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 3,855 1,955 1,895 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 3,220 1,675 1,545 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 11,330 5,455 5,875 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 2,680 1,385 1,300 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 3,420 1,755 1,665 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,425 1,890 1,530 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 9,955 5,070 4,890 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 5,015 2,505 2,515 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 9,815 4,630 5,185 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 4,460 2,210 2,250 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 6,745 3,290 3,455 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 8,080 3,485 4,595 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 3,645 1,830 1,815 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 5,150 2,445 2,700 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 47,260 23,700 23,565 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 20,015 9,530 10,480 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 30,090 15,220 14,870 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 425 275 150 485 310 175
Egypt 2,020 1,090 930 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 1,650 825 830 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 3,895 1,780 2,110 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 695 365 330 985 535 455
Nigeria 1,160 610 550 1,740 925 815
Somalia 1,010 485 525 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 7,130 3,700 3,425 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 12,100 6,075 6,025 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 674,920 309,310 365,615 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 4,820 2,425 2,395 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 1,865 945 920 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 180,300 80,410 99,895 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 70,795 32,515 38,280 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 121,910 59,425 62,480 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 34,310 17,400 16,910 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 5,145 2,630 2,510 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 10,330 3,065 7,265 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 35,310 16,025 19,285 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,750 990 765 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 8,870 4,540 4,325 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 94,910 40,075 54,840 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 4,130 2,155 1,970 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,265 1,140 1,130 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 35,495 15,995 19,500 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 23,380 10,925 12,455 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 39,350 18,650 20,700 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 22,985 10,875 12,105 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 136,515 64,350 72,165 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 9,680 4,945 4,735 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 905 420 485 1,145 525 615
Colombia 450 215 235 580 250 325
Cuba 65 35 35 140 60 80
Haiti 10 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 155 110 45 625 355 265
Mexico 2,210 1,115 1,090 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,860 2,075 1,785 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 215 100 115 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,810 865 945 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 12,995 6,715 6,280 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 785 415 365 970 510 460
Germany 755 440 315 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,180 740 445 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 200 110 90 245 120