Census Profile, 2016 Census
White Rock [Population centre], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic White Rock
British Columbia
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , White Rock [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : White Rock [Population centre], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 93,729 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 85,062 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 41,249 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 38,780 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,750.6 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 53.54 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 93,730 43,840 49,890 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 13,275 6,800 6,480 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 3,855 2,010 1,850 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,565 2,320 2,245 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,855 2,470 2,385 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 56,795 26,660 30,140 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 5,415 2,740 2,670 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 4,320 2,210 2,110 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 3,575 1,735 1,845 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 4,045 1,890 2,160 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 4,680 2,070 2,615 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,090 2,760 3,325 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,825 3,140 3,680 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 7,290 3,410 3,880 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 7,220 3,365 3,855 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,335 3,340 3,995 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 23,655 10,380 13,275 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 7,215 3,295 3,920 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,520 2,625 2,900 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,005 1,830 2,170 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,995 1,295 1,700 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,925 1,340 2,580 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,225 855 1,370 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,260 385 875 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 380 95 290 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 55 5 55 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.2 15.5 13.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 60.6 60.8 60.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 25.2 23.7 26.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 4.2 3.1 5.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 46.3 44.9 47.6 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 49.0 47.7 50.1 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 38,780 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,000 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,395 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 19,360 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,455 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 5,705 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,300 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,865 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 30 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 38,780 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 11,140 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 14,320 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,650 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,185 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,485 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 91,130 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 80,455 37,040 43,410 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 49,505 24,505 24,995 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 44,475 22,000 22,480 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 5,030 2,510 2,515 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 30,950 12,535 18,415 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 16,955 8,645 8,305 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,955 735 1,225 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,165 1,975 4,190 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,875 1,175 4,700 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 27,565 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 15,115 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,655 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,210 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,585 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 27,565 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 23,865 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 21,350 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,515 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,700 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,020 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 680 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 23,865 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 12,730 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 11,130 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 4,560 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,025 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,550 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,705 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,385 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,090 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 220 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,830 5,505 9,320 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 38,780 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 25,945 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,965 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,980 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 790 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,045 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 11,140 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 905 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 92,115 43,340 48,780 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 82,280 39,045 43,240 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 20 10 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 7,310 3,165 4,145 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,500 1,125 1,380 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 92,115 43,340 48,775 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 88,305 41,670 46,635 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 960 390 570 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 395 175 220 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,455 1,105 1,350 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,160 480 680 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 92,115 43,340 48,775 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 90,565 42,630 47,935 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 67,385 32,180 35,205 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 66,365 31,760 34,605 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,025 420 595 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 23,180 10,445 12,730 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,165 10,445 12,725 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 205 95 105 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 0 5 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 195 95 100 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 165 80 85 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 25 10 15 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 55 75 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 130 50 75 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 755 210 545 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 25 5 20 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 35 10 25 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 40 15 25 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 630 170 460 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 15 10 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 75 45 35 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 0 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 25 15 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 30 15 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 20 10 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 9,265 4,275 5,000 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 30 20 10 1,465 765 705
Armenian 15 10 10 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,935 835 1,105 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 25 10 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 5 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,910 825 1,085 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 5 5 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 40 20 20 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 175 80 95 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 145 60 85 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 5 5 325 160 165
Polish 380 165 215 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 520 225 300 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 200 95 105 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 25 5 20 1,395 670 725
Slovak 70 30 40 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 290 115 175 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 5 20 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 240 130 110
Welsh 10 0 10 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,870 1,265 1,605 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 120 50 65 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 210 100 110 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 535 245 295 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 5 295 145 145
German 1,830 795 1,035 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 60 25 30 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 70 20 50 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 45 25
Greek 160 90 75 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 2,685 1,305 1,380 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 2,475 1,195 1,275 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 20 10 15 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 105 50 60 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 250 110 140 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 10 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 10 0 10 620 325 295
Nepali 5 5 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,820 885 930 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 15 10 10 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 225 115 105 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 205 110 105 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 5 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 205 100 100 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,540 745 795 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 395 225 175 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 215 95 120 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 175 90 90 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 750 335 420 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 265 90 175 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,270 535 730 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 10 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 10 5 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 40 20 20 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 10 0 10 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 20 5 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 0 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,590 4,885 5,700 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 10,570 4,880 5,690 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 880 405 470 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 25 15 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 8,995 4,150 4,845 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 15 5 10 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 350 165 185 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 50 55 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 80 100 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 15 10 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 50 10 40 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 50 10 40 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 65 30 35 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 530 290 235
Turkish 55 25 25 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 400 175 225 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 65 25 35 705 295 410
Finnish 110 50 60 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 225 100 130 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,555 710 845 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 150 65 85 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,330 610 720 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 30 15 20 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 92,115 43,335 48,775 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 88,655 41,760 46,900 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 75,940 35,925 40,020 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 75,720 35,835 39,890 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 220 90 125 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 12,715 5,835 6,880 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 5 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,715 5,835 6,880 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 30 40 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 5 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 70 30 40 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 70 30 35 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 40 40 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 75 35 40 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 205 75 125 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 10 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 10 5 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 65 115 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 10 0 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 30 20 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 15 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 15 10 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 0 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 2,640 1,255 1,390 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 10 5 5 695 335 360
Armenian 5 5 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 650 305 345 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 5 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 650 305 345 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 25 10 15 1,035 485 550
Croatian 35 15 20 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 45 25 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 0 5 150 75 75
Polish 100 45 50 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 275 130 145 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 90 45 40 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 20 5 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 50 20 30 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 280 130 150 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 50 20 30 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 35 15 20 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 170 75 90 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 10 5 5 140 60 80
Swedish 0 5 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 5
Greek 45 25 25 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,140 540 600 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,050 490 555 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 5 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 30 10 20 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 70 35 40 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 5 5 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 830 395 440 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 85 40 45 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 90 50 45 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 85 45 45 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 505 245 265 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 50 30 30 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 65 30 30 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 75 40 35 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 315 150 165 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 100 45 55 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 960 410 550 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 10 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 5 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,455 3,890 4,565 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 8,450 3,885 4,560 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 480 215 260 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 7,575 3,480 4,090 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 5 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 180 80 100 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 30 35 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 60 70 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 5 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 5 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 30 15 15 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 25 15 15 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 95 50 50 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 20 10 15 95 40 55
Finnish 35 15 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 40 20 20 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 3,455 1,580 1,880 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 85 40 55 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 3,315 1,515 1,800 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 5 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 50 20 25 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 92,115 43,340 48,780 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 79,945 37,875 42,070 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 5,140 2,380 2,755 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 840 360 485 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 6,010 2,650 3,365 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 10 5 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 6,000 2,645 3,355 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 25 5 15 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 80 35 45 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 75 30 45 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,875 36,210 41,665 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,765 34,715 40,045 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,896 49,325 31,882 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,870 34,800 40,065 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,444 42,633 28,901 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,915 32,755 37,155 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,079 46,306 27,410 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 51,035 20,535 30,505 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,933 8,348 6,327 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,210 25,825 26,385 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,877 43,299 26,302 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 77,895 36,285 41,605 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,925 34,905 40,020 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,269 70,928 43,485 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,010 34,970 40,040 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,155 55,172 36,407 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,085 32,825 37,265 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,307 70,107 40,391 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 51,235 20,850 30,380 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,996 8,370 7,740 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,270 25,775 26,505 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,626 65,793 37,849 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 77,895 36,285 41,610 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 20,435 11,775 8,650 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,728 76,022 55,292 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 83,204 97,109 64,280 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.3 93.1 86.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.3 67.7 56.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.7 6.9 13.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 77,875 36,205 41,665 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,105 1,485 1,620 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 74,765 34,720 40,050 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.0 95.9 96.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,840 4,260 6,575 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 10,705 3,915 6,790 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 9,080 3,360 5,715 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 7,630 3,040 4,585 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 6,860 2,955 3,905 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,735 2,655 3,085 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,730 2,400 2,335 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,805 2,070 1,735 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,210 1,755 1,460 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,385 1,425 960 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 9,795 6,885 2,910 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 5,765 3,830 1,940 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 4,025 3,055 970 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 77,870 36,205 41,665 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,005 1,405 1,600 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 74,865 34,800 40,070 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,580 4,560 7,020 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 11,365 4,265 7,100 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 10,520 3,975 6,540 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 8,935 3,670 5,265 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 7,730 3,455 4,280 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,200 3,155 3,050 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,735 2,640 2,100 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,720 2,090 1,625 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 10,080 6,985 3,095 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,510 1,555 960 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,710 1,125 585 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 5,860 4,310 1,550 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 77,875 36,205 41,665 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 25,665 10,380 15,280 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 52,210 25,825 26,385 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.0 71.3 63.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,360 4,660 5,700 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 3,875 1,615 2,260 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 5,990 2,545 3,455 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 4,620 1,940 2,680 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 4,085 1,595 2,485 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 3,805 1,595 2,210 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,190 1,465 1,725 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 2,860 1,470 1,390 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,580 1,420 1,160 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 10,840 7,520 3,320 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,245 1,235 1,010 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,685 1,055 625 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 6,910 5,225 1,685 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 38,780 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,821 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,196 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,140 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,143 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,305 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,640 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,414 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,838 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 38,750 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 108,794 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,403 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,115 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,592 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,782 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,635 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 130,987 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,940 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 38,780 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 750 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 445 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 820 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,295 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,580 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,295 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,455 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,475 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,465 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,400 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,690 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,595 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,365 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,115 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,915 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,125 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,940 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,940 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,660 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,580 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 38,780 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 880 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 845 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,350 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,785 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,620 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,745 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,805 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,710 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,650 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,150 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,910 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,645 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,305 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,975 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,945 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,985 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,650 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,300 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,050 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,196 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,542 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,825 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,187 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,063 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,175 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,781 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,562 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,480 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,985 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,227 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,105 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 130,393 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,331 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,775 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 123,411 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,813 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,255 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 158,054 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,075 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,460 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,833 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,956 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,420 5,000 8,420 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,921 41,704 37,385 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,399 36,724 33,323 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,340 5,025 8,310 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 51,115 57,415 47,307 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,928 45,583 39,718 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 91,130 42,990 48,135 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 36,775 16,410 20,365 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 9,250 4,205 5,045 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 7,475 3,120 4,360 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 6,330 2,815 3,515 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 6,680 3,025 3,660 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 7,035 3,240 3,800 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 54,355 26,585 27,765 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 7,660 3,570 4,095 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 8,675 4,100 4,575 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 9,785 4,770 5,015 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 11,435 5,670 5,765 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 16,800 8,480 8,320 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 91,130 42,995 48,135 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 16,615 8,470 8,145 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 4,700 2,440 2,260 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 53,080 24,765 28,315 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 21,435 9,760 11,675 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,010 5,725 7,285 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,165 1,595 1,570 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 780 405 380 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,650 3,345 4,300 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,190 785 1,410 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.3 13.3 15.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.0 18.8 19.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.6 16.6 16.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.5 15.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.2 8.0 12.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,720 3,535 4,180 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,015 1,025 990 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 490 255 230 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 5,105 2,285 2,825 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 595 230 370 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.5 8.2 8.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.1 12.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 10.4 10.5 10.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.6 9.2 10.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.8 2.4 3.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 91,050 42,950 48,105 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 88,580 41,865 46,720 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 88,560 41,860 46,700 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 7,380 3,160 4,220 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 27,895 12,580 15,315 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 20 0 20 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,875 12,580 15,295 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 360 190 175 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 360 190 170 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 10 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 290 150 140 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 55 35 25 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 10 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 45 55 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 100 45 55 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,080 300 775 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 35 0 35 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 35 10 20 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 75 35 45 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 995 265 730 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 70 40 35 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 90 50 40 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 15 10 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 45 35 10 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 15 0 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 25 10 15 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 12,560 5,705 6,850 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 20 10 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 35 20 20 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,310 1,000 1,310 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 25 0 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 0 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,290 995 1,295 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 35 20 15 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 50 25 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 295 120 170 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 220 90 130 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 435 175 265 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 740 340 395 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 210 100 115 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 150 55 95 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 325 125 205 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 35 10 30 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 15 0 15 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 3,615 1,615 2,005 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 295 135 160 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 205 80 125 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 575 275 295 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 15 0 10 465 230 240
German 2,400 1,065 1,335 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 60 35 25 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 140 65 80 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 20 10 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 240 135 110 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 3,495 1,710 1,785 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 3,280 1,595 1,685 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 15 10 10 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 225 95 130 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 865 420 445 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 30 20 10 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,380 1,175 1,205 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 65 20 45 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 445 235 210 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 215 115 100 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 20 15 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 195 100 95 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 3,240 1,430 1,810 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 690 375 315 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 295 135 160 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 165 70 95 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,220 905 1,320 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 540 250 290 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,350 600 755 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 90 50 40 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 15 10 10 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 35 25 15 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 100 35 65 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 80 30 50 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 11,560 5,375 6,185 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 11,550 5,370 6,175 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,220 555 665 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 45 20 25 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 10,675 4,945 5,730 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 435 200 240 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 70 80 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 85 100 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 20 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 20 10 15 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 45 25 25 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 50 20 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 30 15 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 30 20 10 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 560 215 345 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 100 30 70 780 350 425
Finnish 165 75 90 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 295 105 195 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 91,050 42,950 48,100 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 82,190 39,020 43,175 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,585 7,475 7,105 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 67,605 31,535 36,065 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 8,865 3,930 4,925 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 91,050 42,950 48,105 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 62,485 30,010 32,475 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 27,210 12,390 14,820 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 9,445 4,340 5,105 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,245 960 1,285 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 4,240 1,945 2,300 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 6,960 3,170 3,785 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 3,265 1,515 1,745 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 3,695 1,655 2,040 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,320 1,980 2,340 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,350 550 800 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 27,210 12,390 14,820 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,780 1,345 1,435 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 5,005 2,420 2,585 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 5,135 2,210 2,925 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 11,905 5,195 6,705 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 2,385 1,220 1,170 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 27,210 12,390 14,825 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,385 960 1,430 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 70 30 40 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 40 0 40 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 30 20 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 10 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 100 40 60 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 225 80 140 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 50 15 35 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 55 30 30 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,495 595 905 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 295 140 155 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 9,520 4,485 5,035 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 45 60 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 160 65 95 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 90 45 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,045 430 610 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 115 60 45 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 190 80 110 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 200 100 100 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 260 155 100 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 445 215 225 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 355 120 230 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 90 45 40 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 160 60 100 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 250 115 140 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 80 40 45 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 205 95 115 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,615 2,325 2,295 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,170 495 675 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,005 510 495 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 45 15 25 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 90 45 50 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 20 10 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 35 15 20 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 520 275 245 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 280 140 135 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 13,880 6,260 7,625 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 35 15 25 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 10 0 10 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,010 3,235 3,775 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 415 190 230 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,375 690 685 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 140 85 50 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 50 15 35 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 160 30 135 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,065 470 595 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 80 40 45 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 305 150 155 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 945 270 675 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 25 10 20 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 35 25 10 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 1,515 680 840 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 115 45 70 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 605 325 285 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 415 185 230 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,320 1,980 2,340 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 240 95 140 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 35 10 25 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 10 0 625 355 265
Mexico 40 15 25 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 120 50 70 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 25 10 15 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 315 160 155 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 0 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380