Census Profile, 2016 Census
Williams Lake [Population centre], British Columbia and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Williams Lake
British Columbia
[Population centre]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Williams Lake [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : Williams Lake [Population centre], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 10,508 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 10,902 r ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -3.6 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 4,927 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 4,423 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 494.2 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 21.26 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 10,515 5,250 5,260 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 1,765 935 835 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 575 320 260 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 595 305 290 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 590 310 285 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 6,765 3,400 3,365 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 600 315 285 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 680 355 325 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 705 355 350 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 730 370 355 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 620 310 310 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 600 285 320 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 670 340 335 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 655 310 345 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 775 405 370 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 720 355 365 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 1,980 910 1,065 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 640 330 310 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 430 230 200 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 300 120 175 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 275 95 180 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 340 135 205 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 150 85 60 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 180 45 135 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 10 0 10 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 5 0 0 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.8 15.9 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 64.3 64.8 64.0 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 18.8 17.3 20.2 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 3.2 2.6 3.9 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 41.6 40.4 42.8 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 41.1 39.6 42.7 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 4,425 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,180 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,755 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 240 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 320 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 475 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 705 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 490 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 4,425 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 1,395 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 1,590 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 640 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 505 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 285 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 10,085 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 8,745 4,315 4,430 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 4,755 2,415 2,345 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 3,525 1,800 1,725 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 1,230 615 620 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 3,990 1,905 2,085 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 2,450 1,365 1,080 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 345 155 185 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 595 285 315 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 600 100 505 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 2,860 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 1,635 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 570 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 460 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 195 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 2,865 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 2,265 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 1,650 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 615 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 595 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 465 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 130 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 2,265 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 1,280 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 985 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 405 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 405 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 175 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 595 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 360 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 165 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,230 1,185 1,045 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 4,425 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 2,715 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,230 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,485 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 75 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,635 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 1,395 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 235 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 10,130 5,080 5,050 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 9,640 4,875 4,760 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 30 5 25 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 400 180 220 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 55 20 40 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 10,130 5,085 5,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 9,925 4,995 4,930 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 140 65 75 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 10 5 5 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 55 20 35 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 145 65 80 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 10,130 5,080 5,050 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 9,975 5,005 4,970 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 9,050 4,575 4,475 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 8,885 4,505 4,380 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 160 75 90 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 925 425 495 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 130 45 85 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 0 0 0 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 0 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 95 30 65 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 95 30 65 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 5 5 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 90 30 60 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 25 15 10 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 25 15 10 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 5 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 795 380 410 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 0 0 0 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 0 0 0 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 5 5 5 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 0 0 0 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 5 0 5 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 0 0 0 960 505 460
Maltese 0 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 0 0 0 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 65 25 40 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 0 0 0 425 205 225
Cebuano 5 0 5 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 5 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 0 5 0 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 0 0 0 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 765 370 390
Pangasinan 0 0 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 20 40 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 980 430 550
Creole languages 5 0 0 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 0 0 0 535 270 265
Malayalam 5 5 0 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 0 0 0 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 5 0 0 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 610 305 305 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 0 0 0 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 0 0 0 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 60 40 25 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,010 475 535
Latvian 0 0 0 415 195 220
Lithuanian 0 0 0 600 285 315
Slavic languages 65 35 25 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 5 5 5 1,545 790 755
Croatian 15 5 5 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 5 0 5 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 0 0 0 360 185 175
Polish 5 5 0 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 10 5 5 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 0 0 0 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 970 480 485
Slovak 5 0 0 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 695 320 370
Ukrainian 15 10 10 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 215 120 100
Celtic languages 0 0 0 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 135 70 65
Welsh 0 0 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 200 95 105 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 15 10 5 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 10 5 0 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 25 15 10 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 0 0 0 360 200 160
German 135 55 80 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 10 5 5 815 370 445
Swedish 5 0 0 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 0 0 0 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 270 140 130 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 270 140 135 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 5 5 0 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 0 0 0 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 10 5 5 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 0 0 0 370 190 185
Marathi 0 0 0 1,510 775 730
Nepali 5 0 5 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 120 125 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 0 0 0 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 5 5 0 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 5 0 0 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,550 845 705
Pashto 0 0 0 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 75 30 45 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 15 10 5 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 20 10 10 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 0 0 0 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 45 15 25 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 5 0 0 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 30 10 20 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 0 0 0 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 0 0 0 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 0 0 0 1,165 625 540
Lingala 0 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 805 405 400
Shona 0 0 0 1,100 545 555
Swahili 0 0 0 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 0 0 0 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 0 5 0 830 440 390
American Sign Language 5 0 0 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 20 35 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 55 20 30 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 30 10 15 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 0 0 0 990 465 530
Mandarin 20 5 15 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 0 0 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 0 0 0 1,020 485 535
Thai 0 0 0 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 0 0 0 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 10 5 5 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 5 0 0 190 90 105
Finnish 5 5 0 810 330 480
Hungarian 0 0 5 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 690 415 280
Multiple responses 155 75 80 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 20 10 10 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 130 65 70 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 10,130 5,080 5,050 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 9,920 4,985 4,940 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 9,555 4,805 4,750 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 9,515 4,795 4,720 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 45 10 35 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 370 180 185 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 15 5 10 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 345 175 175 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 0 0 0 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 0 0 0 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 0 0 0 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 5 5 0 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 0 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 960 460 500
Vietnamese 0 0 0 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 20 10 10 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 470 215 255
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 0 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 10 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 0 0 0 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 0 0 0 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 0 0 0 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 0 0 0 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 265 130 135 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 0 0 0 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 15 10 5 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 0 0 0 410 210 200
Latvian 0 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 15 10 5 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 785 400 385
Bulgarian 5 0 5 825 415 405
Croatian 0 0 5 1,800 905 895
Czech 5 0 0 875 440 430
Macedonian 5 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 5 0 0 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 0 0 5 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 0 0 0 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 0 0 0 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 150 70 75
Ukrainian 0 0 0 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 30 15 15 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 15 10 5 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 0 0 0 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 15 5 15 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 0 0 0 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 205 95 105 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 205 100 105 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 0 0 0 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 0 0 0 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 5 5 0 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 0 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 0 0 0 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 200 95 105 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,480 750 730
Urdu 0 0 0 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 0 0 0 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 0 0 0 850 440 410
Pashto 0 0 0 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 10 5 0 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 5 5 0 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 0 0 0 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 0 0 0 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 5 0 5 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 5 5 0 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 20 10 10 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 0 0 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 0 0 0 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 0 0 0 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,525 765 755
Dinka 0 0 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 725 350 375
Sign languages 5 5 0 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 0 0 0 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 25 10 15 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 25 10 15 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 15 5 5 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 5 0 5 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,130 505 625
Lao 0 0 0 465 215 245
Thai 0 0 0 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 0 0 0 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 0 0 0 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 0 0 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 0 0 0 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 140 95
Multiple responses 205 95 110 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 15 10 5 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 195 85 105 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 0 0 0 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 10,125 5,085 5,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 9,575 4,820 4,750 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 130 60 70 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 60 30 30 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 360 170 195 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 115 50 65 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 245 120 130 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 0 0 0 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 0 0 0 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 5 0 0 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 8,315 4,130 4,185 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 8,070 4,020 4,055 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,402 46,482 25,762 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 8,080 4,025 4,060 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,246 40,390 24,320 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,125 3,655 3,470 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,138 46,700 22,800 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 5,725 2,510 3,215 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,155 7,542 6,919 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,120 3,205 2,915 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,236 49,865 23,808 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 8,295 4,120 4,175 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 8,040 4,010 4,030 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,195 53,466 30,981 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 8,040 4,010 4,030 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,093 44,517 27,721 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,155 3,695 3,465 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,635 52,214 28,284 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 5,675 2,430 3,250 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,534 8,873 8,282 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,125 3,260 2,865 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,938 53,413 28,885 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 8,295 4,120 4,175 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 2,680 1,605 1,070 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,096 64,626 40,173 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,366 67,880 44,125 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.5 89.5 79.0 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.0 79.8 66.9 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.5 20.9 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 8,315 4,130 4,185 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 240 110 135 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 8,070 4,020 4,050 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 97.1 97.3 96.8 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,095 415 675 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 1,395 510 885 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 1,225 470 755 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 975 390 585 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 720 320 405 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 590 335 250 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 570 400 170 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 425 300 120 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 330 240 90 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 235 195 40 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 515 440 80 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 435 380 65 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 80 65 15 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 8,315 4,135 4,185 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 240 110 130 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 8,080 4,025 4,055 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 97.2 97.3 96.9 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,130 440 690 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 1,475 565 910 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410 535 870 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 1,110 460 645 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 810 415 395 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 750 525 230 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 530 375 150 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 375 295 80 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 500 415 85 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 225 185 40 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 125 105 20 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 150 125 25 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 8,315 4,135 4,185 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 2,195 925 1,270 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 6,120 3,205 2,915 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 73.6 77.5 69.7 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 905 375 530 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 470 185 285 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 740 275 465 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 675 260 410 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 665 275 385 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 505 225 275 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 440 255 180 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 450 325 130 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 350 255 95 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 925 770 150 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 290 220 65 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 210 170 35 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 425 375 50 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 4,420 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,440 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,458 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,400 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,968 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,112 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,025 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,173 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,945 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 4,440 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,414 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,400 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,450 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,097 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,388 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 2,990 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,067 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,973 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 4,420 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 45 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 60 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 135 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 225 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 205 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 200 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 195 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 205 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 190 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 320 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 340 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 300 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 300 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 270 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,240 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 535 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 315 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 270 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 125 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,425 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 50 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 65 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 135 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 270 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 240 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 235 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 220 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 245 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 195 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 435 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 390 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 390 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 320 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 270 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 785 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 410 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 205 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 170 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 2,860 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,227 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,595 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,200 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,768 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,939 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,000 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,216 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,185 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 565 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,232 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,520 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 2,825 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,317 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,456 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,170 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,740 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,504 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,015 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,461 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,257 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 545 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,779 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,830 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,955 1,065 890 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,365 40,704 28,160 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,251 35,669 25,984 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,985 1,055 925 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,883 52,508 34,035 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,540 43,755 30,443 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 10,080 5,065 5,015 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 5,435 2,580 2,855 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 1,180 545 640 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 1,160 535 630 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 1,040 480 560 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 1,020 495 525 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 1,035 530 500 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 4,645 2,485 2,165 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 995 500 495 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 1,130 605 525 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 1,010 545 470 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 950 525 425 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 565 310 255 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 10,085 5,065 5,015 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 2,110 1,115 995 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 705 390 315 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 6,340 3,180 3,160 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 1,635 775 860 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,650 735 910 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 475 240 235 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 185 105 80 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 935 405 530 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 240 90 150 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.4 14.5 18.1 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 22.5 21.5 23.6 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 26.2 26.9 25.4 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 12.7 16.8 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 14.7 11.6 17.4 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 735 330 400 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 195 95 105 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 65 35 30 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 515 230 285 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 20 10 15 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.3 6.5 8.0 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.2 8.5 10.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 9.2 9.0 9.5 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.2 9.0 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.2 1.3 1.7 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 10,100 5,065 5,035 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 10,060 5,065 4,995 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 10,060 5,065 4,995 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 305 140 170 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 1,225 555 670 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 265 120 145 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 220 80 135 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 215 80 135 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 15 0 15 45 10 35
Chilcotin 205 75 130 20 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 45 30 10 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 45 30 10 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 10 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 960 435 525 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 0 0 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 0 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 0 0 0 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 0 0 0 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 0 10 0 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 0 0 10 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 0 0 0 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 0 0 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 0 0 0 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 75 25 55 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 0 0 0 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 10 0 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 0 0 0 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 0 0 0 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 20 50 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 0 0 0 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 0 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 0 0 0 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 0 0 0 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 0 0 0 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 735 365 370 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 0 0 0 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 95 65 30 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,360 660 705
Latvian 0 0 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 0 0 0 775 360 415
Slavic languages 95 60 30 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,795 945 850
Croatian 25 15 10 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 0 0 0 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 25 20 10 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 20 10 10 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 0 0 0 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 0 0 0 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 735 360 375
Ukrainian 25 20 0 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 130
Celtic languages 10 0 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 440 215 225
Welsh 0 0 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 450 220 225
Germanic languages 215 85 135 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 0 0 0 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 25 15 10 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 50 20 30 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 0 0 0 475 275 205
German 150 60 95 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 10 10 0 1,450 635 810
Swedish 0 0 0 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 0 0 10 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 275 145 130 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 275 145 130 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 0 10 0 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 0 0 0 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 55 35 20 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 0 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 0 0 0 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 10 0 10 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 245 125 120 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 25 20 0 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 0 0 0 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 0 0 0 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 145 70 75 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 45 25 20 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 40 15 20 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 0 0 0 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 75 30 40 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 125
Japanese 0 0 0 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 75 25 55 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 10 0 0 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 0 0 0 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 0 0 0 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 0 0 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 0 0 0 1,810 850 960
Swahili 0 0 10 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 0 0 10 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 0 0 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 25 0 20 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 10 0 0 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 20 10 10 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 15 10 10 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 15 10 10 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 0 0 0 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 0 0 0 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 0 0 0 1,520 730 795
Thai 0 0 0 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 0 0 0 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 630 325 300
Turkish 0 0 0 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 15 0 10 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 0 0 0 185 85 105
Finnish 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 10 0 0 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 10,100 5,070 5,030 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 9,750 4,945 4,805 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,110 1,105 1,005 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 7,635 3,840 3,795 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 350 120 230 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 10,100 5,065 5,030 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,125 4,635 4,490 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 895 400 490 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 450 245 205 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 95 20 80 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 90 35 55 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 80 30 40 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 50 20 30 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 30 15 15 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 175 60 115 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 75 35 45 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 895 395 495 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 85 50 35 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 195 100 95 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 290 110 175 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 260 110 150 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 70 30 40 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 890 395 495 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 150 65 85 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 0 10 0 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 0 0 0 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 10 0 0 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 0 10 0 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 0 0 0 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 0 0 0 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 0 0 0 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 0 0 0 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 125 55 75 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 10 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 365 180 180 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 15 15 0 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 0 0 0 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 65 35 35 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 0 0 0 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 0 0 10 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 10 10 0 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 35 15 20 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 15 10 10 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 30 10 15 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 0 0 0 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 10 10 10 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 10 0 10 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 115 60 55 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 30 15 20 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 15 0 10 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 0 0 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 0 0 0 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 0 0 0 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 0 0 0 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 0 0 0 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 10 0 10 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 0 0 0 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 0 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 350 145 205 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 0 0 0 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 15 10 10 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 185 75 105 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 0 0 0 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 0 0 0 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 40 10 25 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 0 0 0 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 10 10 0 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 75 25 50 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 10 0 0 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 0 0 0 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 20 10 10 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 20 0 15 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 180 60 115 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 0 0 10 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 0 0 0 860 370 490
Colombia 0 0 0 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 0 0 0 465 215 255
Haiti 0 0 0 385 240 150
Jamaica 0 0 0 1,660 765 895
Mexico 0 0 0 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10 0 10 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 35 20 20 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 0 0 0 425 240 180
Germany 0 0 0 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 715 365 350
Romania 0 0 0 1,100 545 555
Russian Federation 10 10 10 1,235 430 8