Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor [Population centre], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor
Ontario
[Population centre]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Windsor [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 287,069 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 277,970 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 123,293 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 116,706 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,629.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 176.21 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 287,070 140,190 146,885 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 48,265 24,695 23,575 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 14,600 7,470 7,125 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 16,395 8,325 8,070 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 17,275 8,895 8,380 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 189,720 93,640 96,085 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 18,275 9,385 8,890 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 20,435 10,630 9,805 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 17,745 8,950 8,795 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 16,090 7,650 8,440 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 16,770 7,895 8,870 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 18,850 9,060 9,790 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 20,275 9,945 10,330 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 22,205 11,000 11,200 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 21,015 10,400 10,615 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 18,070 8,715 9,355 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 49,080 21,855 27,225 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 16,000 7,545 8,450 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 11,310 5,430 5,890 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 8,650 3,880 4,770 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 6,320 2,715 3,605 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 6,800 2,285 4,510 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 4,245 1,600 2,645 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 2,005 570 1,430 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 475 95 380 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 70 20 50 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.6 16.0 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.1 66.8 65.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 17.1 15.6 18.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 39.9 42.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.6 40.5 42.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 116,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 76,395 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 12,755 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 27,315 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,440 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 6,955 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,935 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,850 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 135 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 235 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 116,705 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 35,640 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 37,135 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 17,680 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 16,165 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,085 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 283,385 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 238,800 115,495 123,315 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 128,520 64,195 64,330 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 111,535 55,710 55,820 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 16,990 8,480 8,505 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 110,280 51,300 58,980 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 70,690 38,270 32,420 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 7,655 3,260 4,390 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 16,920 6,815 10,100 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 15,020 2,955 12,065 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 79,050 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 38,265 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 17,275 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 15,745 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,765 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 79,050 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 62,850 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 54,360 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,490 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 16,200 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 13,110 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 3,095 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 62,850 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 28,740 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 34,105 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 12,565 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 14,320 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 7,220 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 16,205 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 9,525 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 4,705 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 1,970 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 50,195 24,510 25,685 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 116,710 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 74,995 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 27,230 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 47,765 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,980 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 39,730 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 35,635 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,095 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 284,570 139,260 145,305 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 249,915 124,160 125,750 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 380 155 225 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 28,290 12,595 15,690 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 5,990 2,355 3,640 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 284,570 139,260 145,305 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 269,140 132,580 136,560 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 7,225 3,295 3,935 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,325 1,095 1,235 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 5,875 2,295 3,575 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 8,395 3,840 4,550 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.0 2.8 3.1 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 284,570 139,265 145,305 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 277,140 135,650 141,490 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 207,760 102,025 105,735 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 200,245 98,595 101,655 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 7,515 3,430 4,085 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 69,380 33,625 35,755 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 50 20 25 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 15 10 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 5 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 69,330 33,605 35,725 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,460 8,680 8,780 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 575 250 325 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 50 25 25 1,445 720 730
Somali 525 220 300 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 16,865 8,425 8,440 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 95 50 45 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 13,435 6,735 6,700 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 460 230 235 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,400 1,170 1,235 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 20 10 10 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 185 100 85 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 130 60 65 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 70 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,240 1,070 1,170 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 365 170 200 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,870 900 970 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,110 840 1,265 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 80 30 50 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 5 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 70 30 45 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 50 30 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,805 715 1,090 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 190 85 110 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 155 65 90 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 675 380 295 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 30 15 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 175 95 80 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 290 155 130 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 155 105 55 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 36,395 17,540 18,855 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 935 455 480 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 195 85 110 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 10,865 5,110 5,760 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 65 25 40 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 15 5 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 50 15 30 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 10,805 5,085 5,715 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 315 155 160 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 105 45 60 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,630 780 850 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 155 65 90 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 1,110 545 570 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 2,775 1,280 1,500 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 530 225 310 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 2,670 1,340 1,330 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 200 90 110 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 590 270 320 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 135 55 80 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 495 200 300 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 5 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,905 855 1,045 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 25 10 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 40 15 25 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 320 155 165 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 10 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 1,430 635 795 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 10 5 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 20 10 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 980 490 490 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 8,160 4,235 3,925 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 7,310 3,825 3,490 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 635 320 320 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 740 435 310 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 690 385 305 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 5 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 70 45 30 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 455 220 235 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,345 1,220 1,125 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 35 15 20 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 105 50 55 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,215 1,125 1,085 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 805 390 415 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 135 75 60 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 45 15 30 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 620 295 325 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 13,325 6,295 7,025 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 7,535 3,625 3,910 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 680 320 365 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,100 1,000 1,100 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,975 1,335 1,635 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 420 200 215
Japanese 75 35 45 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 440 220 225 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 775 370 410 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 85 45 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 15 10 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 10 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 25 15 5 760 360 400
Igbo 50 20 30 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 25 10 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 30 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 205 90 115 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 135 65 65 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 50 60 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 85 1,610 810 800
Dinka 50 20 25 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 80 35 45 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 35 20 20 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 15 30 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,815 3,385 3,425 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 6,570 3,260 3,305 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,970 970 1,000 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 15 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 3,910 1,940 1,970 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 45 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 25 40 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 515 270 245 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 240 125 115 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 40 25 15 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 190 90 95 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 180 80 105 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 150 70 80 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 35 5 25 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 450 215 235 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 365 180 185 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 40 15 25 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,225 560 665 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 10 0 5 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 85 40 45 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,135 520 615 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 25 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 7,430 3,610 3,820 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,370 635 740 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 5,445 2,710 2,740 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 355 160 195 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 255 110 140 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 284,570 139,265 145,305 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 269,235 131,765 137,475 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 233,245 114,550 118,695 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 231,025 113,550 117,470 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 2,225 1,000 1,225 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 35,995 17,215 18,780 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 35,980 17,205 18,770 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,585 5,070 5,515 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 0 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 375 155 220 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 30 15 10 805 380 425
Somali 345 140 210 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 10,205 4,910 5,290 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 45 20 25 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 8,170 3,950 4,220 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 160 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,500 710 790 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 30 15 15 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 55 25 30 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,455 680 775 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 195 90 105 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,260 595 665 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 925 410 515 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 35 15 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 15 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 15 5 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 820 365 460 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 380 175 200
Creole languages 125 55 70 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 115 55 65 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 340 175 165 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 85 40 40 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 165 85 80 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 70 40 25 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 16,095 7,645 8,450 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 455 225 230 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 95 40 60 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 4,595 2,165 2,425 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 0 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 4,580 2,165 2,415 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 160 80 85 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 35 20 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 525 245 285 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 50 25 30 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 505 255 255 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,210 570 640 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 275 120 155 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,415 690 725 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 50 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 180 85 100 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 70 25 45 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 175 80 95 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 5 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 145 70 75 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 375 180 195 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5,155 2,600 2,555 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 4,670 2,380 2,295 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 380 185 190 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 465 270 195 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 360 190 170 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 380 185 200 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,595 815 780 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 5 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,385 695 695 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 470 215 255 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 85 40 40 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 30 15 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 355 160 195 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 5,240 2,350 2,885 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 2,370 995 1,375 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 200 90 110 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,095 535 560 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,570 735 840 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 110 50 60
Japanese 35 15 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 315 160 155 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 260 120 140 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 10 0 5 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 10 5 10 540 265 275
Lingala 10 10 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 10 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 5 455 210 245
Swahili 70 35 40 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 10 5 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 45 20 25 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 50 550 260 290
Dinka 25 10 15 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 425 195 225
Sign languages 85 40 45 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 25 15 15 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 30 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,920 2,460 2,460 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 4,710 2,355 2,355 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,320 645 680 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 5 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 2,955 1,495 1,465 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 340 175 170 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 105 110 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 30 15 15 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 170 80 90 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 35 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 65 30 30 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 5 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 240 105 135 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 200 90 105 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 25 10 15 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 410 175 230 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 15 5 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 390 170 220 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 15,330 7,500 7,835 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 780 360 425 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 13,935 6,890 7,040 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 130 50 80 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 475 195 285 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 284,570 139,260 145,305 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 241,385 118,455 122,930 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 15,600 7,685 7,915 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 5,150 2,205 2,950 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 21,450 10,455 11,000 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 40 15 20 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 21,415 10,435 10,980 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 240 110 135 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 335 165 165 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 395 180 215 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 235,155 114,175 120,975 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,295 108,945 114,355 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,970 39,632 26,521 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,385 108,945 114,435 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,396 35,561 24,900 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 191,985 96,375 95,605 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,883 38,589 24,345 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 171,560 78,080 93,475 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,820 4,043 6,790 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 158,515 84,265 74,245 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,020 34,704 26,279 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 235,185 114,165 121,020 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,410 108,940 114,475 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,292 51,599 35,388 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,490 108,940 114,545 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,966 43,287 30,954 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 192,415 96,395 96,025 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,117 52,232 33,967 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 171,980 78,275 93,700 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,999 7,488 8,426 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 158,650 84,145 74,510 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,069 48,605 34,688 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 235,185 114,165 121,020 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 70,715 40,135 30,585 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,684 59,979 45,512 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,986 72,484 52,834 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.8 89.7 80.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.8 72.6 63.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.2 10.3 19.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 235,155 114,180 120,980 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 11,855 5,235 6,620 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 223,300 108,945 114,350 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.4 94.5 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 35,490 15,670 19,820 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 40,120 15,795 24,330 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 30,790 12,100 18,690 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 25,485 11,380 14,100 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 23,745 12,355 11,390 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 16,935 9,255 7,680 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 11,980 6,930 5,055 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 9,365 5,870 3,495 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 7,480 4,690 2,790 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 6,255 3,555 2,705 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 15,645 11,355 4,295 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 10,865 7,620 3,250 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 4,775 3,735 1,040 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 235,155 114,180 120,975 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 11,775 5,230 6,540 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 223,380 108,945 114,435 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.4 94.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 36,380 15,810 20,570 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 41,700 16,465 25,235 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 35,470 14,250 21,220 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 31,320 15,030 16,295 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 25,320 13,625 11,695 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 16,360 9,510 6,850 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 11,870 7,570 4,300 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 8,700 5,190 3,515 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 16,265 11,500 4,765 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 5,130 3,325 1,800 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,835 1,975 865 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 8,300 6,190 2,110 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 235,150 114,180 120,975 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 76,645 29,910 46,730 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 158,515 84,270 74,245 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 67.4 73.8 61.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 29,040 16,650 12,395 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 12,340 5,450 6,885 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 20,935 9,250 11,690 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 16,860 7,370 9,495 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 15,585 7,130 8,455 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 13,835 6,665 7,175 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 10,730 5,885 4,845 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 8,150 4,875 3,275 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 7,270 4,675 2,595 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 23,760 16,320 7,440 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 5,835 3,705 2,130 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 5,340 2,945 2,400 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 12,580 9,670 2,915 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 116,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,391 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,681 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 35,635 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,698 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,711 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 81,065 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,115 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,535 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 116,755 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,840 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,759 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 35,645 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,878 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,578 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 81,115 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,401 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,779 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 116,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,335 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,350 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,230 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,165 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,355 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,115 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,210 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,330 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,435 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,230 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,590 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,340 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,405 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,645 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,825 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 33,135 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,140 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,565 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,345 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 6,080 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 116,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,415 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,385 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,270 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,335 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,000 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,740 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,025 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,470 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,265 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,035 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,840 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,535 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,175 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,820 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,705 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 24,685 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,190 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,025 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,470 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 78,250 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,896 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,168 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 26,590 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,197 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,419 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 34,395 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,446 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,215 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 15,145 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,256 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,585 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 78,195 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,626 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,719 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 26,485 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,129 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,805 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 34,485 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,084 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,636 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,065 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,067 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,860 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 44,060 21,960 22,105 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,846 31,988 28,488 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,602 29,101 26,646 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 44,100 22,055 22,040 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,127 41,623 36,629 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,574 35,084 32,064 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 283,390 138,855 144,530 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 148,630 70,435 78,195 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 37,255 18,065 19,190 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 30,640 13,705 16,935 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 27,595 12,855 14,735 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 26,605 12,720 13,875 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 26,535 13,085 13,455 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 134,760 68,420 66,340 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 26,910 13,480 13,425 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 26,820 13,530 13,285 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 27,705 14,160 13,545 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 27,790 14,130 13,660 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 25,535 13,110 12,425 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 283,385 138,855 144,530 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 59,045 30,155 28,895 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 17,580 8,985 8,595 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 178,110 87,690 90,415 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 46,230 21,010 25,225 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 53,490 25,120 28,370 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 15,365 7,835 7,530 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 5,190 2,635 2,560 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 32,330 15,210 17,120 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 5,800 2,075 3,720 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.9 18.1 19.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 26.0 26.0 26.1 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 29.5 29.3 29.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 18.2 17.3 18.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.5 9.9 14.7 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 30,750 15,270 15,480 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 7,980 4,030 3,945 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,835 1,460 1,370 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 21,345 10,645 10,700 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,420 590 835 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.9 11.0 10.7 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 16.1 16.2 15.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 12.1 11.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 3.1 2.8 3.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 283,480 138,925 144,555 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 277,495 136,545 140,955 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 277,160 136,405 140,760 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 28,565 12,690 15,875 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 84,810 41,790 43,020 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 75 35 40 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 25 0 15 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 10 10 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 84,735 41,750 42,985 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 21,990 11,005 10,985 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 10 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 745 335 415 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 75 30 45 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 670 305 370 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 21,345 10,715 10,630 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 215 100 115 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 19,170 9,660 9,510 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 295 255 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,235 1,540 1,695 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 110 40 70 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 295 160 135 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 155 65 95 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 70 115 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,665 1,295 1,370 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 240 280 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,160 1,065 1,100 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,685 1,085 1,600 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 30 15 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 160 70 85 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 135 50 90 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 65 50 10 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,465 960 1,505 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 425 165 265 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 360 125 230 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 850 475 375 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 55 30 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 130 55 75 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 540 315 220 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 175 110 65 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 10 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 45,095 22,405 22,695 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,310 625 685 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 225 115 110 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 12,240 5,900 6,340 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 95 35 65 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 25 10 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 70 25 40 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 12,150 5,870 6,280 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 20 10 15 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 370 190 180 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 90 45 55 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 2,290 1,110 1,180 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 190 95 95 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 1,315 655 660 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 3,205 1,500 1,710 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 965 440 525 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 3,400 1,730 1,675 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 215 115 95 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 620 270 355 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 70 100 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 500 195 305 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 120 60 65 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 25 10 20 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,910 1,475 1,435 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 95 40 60 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 80 30 40 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 365 185 175 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 15 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 2,290 1,195 1,095 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 35 20 15 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 35 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 15 0 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,480 735 740 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 10,175 5,460 4,710 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 9,170 4,930 4,235 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 795 410 385 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 930 570 360 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,695 1,550 1,150 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 45 15 30 600 300 300
Konkani 15 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 115 60 55 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 450 235 215 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,190 1,680 1,510 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 75 45 30 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 75 65 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,420 1,785 1,635 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,025 550 475 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 160 100 60 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 50 30 25 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 830 440 390 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 17,810 8,715 9,100 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 9,920 4,920 5,000 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 975 485 485 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,430 1,135 1,290 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 4,965 2,435 2,530 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 220 130 95 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 450 235 215 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,310 665 650 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 125 85 40 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 35 20 20 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 25 10 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 115 55 60 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 125 60 70 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 55 70 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 40 70 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 15 0 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 330 175 160 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 20 0 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 260 135 125 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 145 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 150 75 75 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 30 15 15 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 590 255 335 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 325 135 195 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 270 125 145 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,605 3,660 3,950 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 7,460 3,580 3,885 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,460 1,135 1,325 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 20 0 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 4,875 2,340 2,535 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 130 120 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 45 70 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 470 245 225 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 80 75 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 25 15 15 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 130 70 60 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 325 150 175 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 240 115 125 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 135 55 80 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 620 315 300 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 25 25 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 545 270 275 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 20 15 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,620 805 815 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 10 0 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 90 45 45 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,520 755 760 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 283,480 138,925 144,555 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 264,370 129,545 134,825 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 55,910 28,510 27,405 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 208,460 101,035 107,420 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,115 9,375 9,735 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 283,485 138,920 144,560 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 208,980 102,810 106,165 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 70,440 33,650 36,790 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 20,890 10,115 10,770 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 8,110 3,930 4,175 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 15,255 7,080 8,175 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 16,340 7,790 8,555 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 8,230 3,975 4,260 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 8,110 3,820 4,290 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,840 4,730 5,110 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,060 2,455 1,600 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 70,440 33,650 36,790 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 8,165 4,155 4,010 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 12,710 6,575 6,130 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 16,095 7,145 8,955 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 27,355 12,965 14,390 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 6,110 2,810 3,300 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 70,440 33,655 36,790 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 9,440 4,020 5,420 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 125 55 70 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 375 185 190 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 700 365 335 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 95 30 65 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 220 60 160 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 650 305 345 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 435 185 255 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 30 0 20 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 240 105 130 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,400 2,210 3,190 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,165 520 650 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 24,780 12,100 12,675 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,110 525 580 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,770 935 840 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 280 130 145 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 880 435 445 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 785 405 380 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 685 325 360 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 125 55 65 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 5,185 2,600 2,585 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 325 195 125 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,175 985 1,185 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 345 165 185 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,090 980 1,110 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 380 175 210 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,345 710 640 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 210 85 125 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,665 1,735 1,935 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 3,440 1,670 1,775 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,950 1,945 2,000 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 65 35 30 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 420 220 200 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 225 120 105 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 85 50 35 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 60 35 30 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 480 260 220 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 360 135 225 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 325 145 185 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,925 955 970 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 32,155 15,510 16,645 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 100 35 60 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 595 295 295 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,715 1,630 2,080 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 490 235 255 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 3,885 2,070 1,815 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 625 330 295 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 6,080 2,875 3,205 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 45 20 30 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 295 150 140 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 3,935 1,930 2,015 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 2,040 1,055 985 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,580 1,035 1,545 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 225 115 115 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,770 865 900 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 255 130 130 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,645 815 830 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,870 1,910 1,960 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 120 75 50 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,840 4,735 5,110 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,360 650 710 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 25 10 15 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 20 10 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 20 10 15 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 105 25 80 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 55 25 20 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 110 50 60 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 815 445 370 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 145 55 90 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 655 300 355 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 10 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 35 25 15 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 10 0 880 400 480
Romania 90