Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor [Population centre], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor
Ontario
[Population centre]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor [Population centre], Ontario  Map : Windsor [Population centre], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 287,069 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 277,970 r ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 123,293 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 116,706 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,629.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 176.21 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 287,070 140,190 146,885 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 48,265 24,695 23,575 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 14,600 7,470 7,125 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 16,395 8,325 8,070 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 17,275 8,895 8,380 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 189,720 93,640 96,085 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 18,275 9,385 8,890 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 20,435 10,630 9,805 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 17,745 8,950 8,795 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 16,090 7,650 8,440 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 16,770 7,895 8,870 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 18,850 9,060 9,790 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 20,275 9,945 10,330 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 22,205 11,000 11,200 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 21,015 10,400 10,615 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 18,070 8,715 9,355 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 49,080 21,855 27,225 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 16,000 7,545 8,450 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 11,310 5,430 5,890 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 8,650 3,880 4,770 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 6,320 2,715 3,605 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 6,800 2,285 4,510 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 4,245 1,600 2,645 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,005 570 1,430 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 475 95 380 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 70 20 50 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.6 16.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.1 66.8 65.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.1 15.6 18.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.0 39.9 42.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.6 40.5 42.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 116,705 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 76,395 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 12,755 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 27,315 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,440 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 6,955 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,935 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,850 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 135 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 235 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 116,705 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 35,640 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 37,135 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 17,680 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 16,165 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,085 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 283,385 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 238,800 115,495 123,315 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 128,520 64,195 64,330 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 111,535 55,710 55,820 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 16,990 8,480 8,505 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 110,280 51,300 58,980 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 70,690 38,270 32,420 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 7,655 3,260 4,390 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 16,920 6,815 10,100 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 15,020 2,955 12,065 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 79,050 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 38,265 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 17,275 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 15,745 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,765 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 79,050 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 62,850 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 54,360 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,490 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 16,200 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 13,110 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 3,095 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 62,850 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 28,740 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 34,105 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 12,565 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 14,320 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 7,220 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 16,205 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 9,525 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 4,705 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 1,970 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 50,195 24,510 25,685 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 116,710 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 74,995 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 27,230 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 47,765 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,980 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 39,730 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 35,635 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,095 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 284,570 139,260 145,305 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 249,915 124,160 125,750 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 380 155 225 1,810 820 985
English and French 28,290 12,595 15,690 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 5,990 2,355 3,640 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 284,570 139,260 145,305 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 269,140 132,580 136,560 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 7,225 3,295 3,935 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,325 1,095 1,235 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 5,875 2,295 3,575 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 8,395 3,840 4,550 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.0 2.8 3.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 284,570 139,265 145,305 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 277,140 135,650 141,490 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 207,760 102,025 105,735 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 200,245 98,595 101,655 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 7,515 3,430 4,085 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 69,380 33,625 35,755 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 50 20 25 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 15 10 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 69,330 33,605 35,725 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,460 8,680 8,780 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 575 250 325 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 50 25 25 205 115 95
Somali 525 220 300 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 16,865 8,425 8,440 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 95 50 45 1,370 670 700
Arabic 13,435 6,735 6,700 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 460 230 235 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,400 1,170 1,235 440 245 200
Harari 5 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 20 10 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 185 100 85 215 100 115
Tigrigna 130 60 65 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 70 70 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,240 1,070 1,170 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 365 170 200 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,870 900 970 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,110 840 1,265 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 80 30 50 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 30 5 20 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 70 30 45 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 5 20 10 15
Malay 50 30 25 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,805 715 1,090 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 190 85 110 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 10 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 155 65 90 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 675 380 295 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 30 15 15 280 150 135
Malayalam 175 95 80 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 290 155 130 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 155 105 55 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 36,395 17,540 18,855 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 935 455 480 1,465 765 705
Armenian 195 85 110 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 10,865 5,110 5,760 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 65 25 40 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 5 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 50 15 30 505 225 280
Slavic languages 10,805 5,085 5,715 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 315 155 160 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 105 45 60 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,630 780 850 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 155 65 90 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,110 545 570 325 160 165
Polish 2,775 1,280 1,500 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 530 225 310 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 2,670 1,340 1,330 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 200 90 110 1,395 670 725
Slovak 590 270 320 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 135 55 80 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 495 200 300 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 5 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,905 855 1,045 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 25 10 15 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 40 15 25 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 320 155 165 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 10 5 5 295 145 145
German 1,430 635 795 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 10 5 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 445 220 225
Yiddish 20 10 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 980 490 490 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 8,160 4,235 3,925 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 7,310 3,825 3,490 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 635 320 320 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 740 435 310 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 690 385 305 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 5 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 70 45 30 620 325 295
Nepali 455 220 235 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,345 1,220 1,125 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 35 15 20 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 105 50 55 1,675 845 830
Urdu 2,215 1,125 1,085 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 805 390 415 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 135 75 60 1,765 945 825
Pashto 45 15 30 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 620 295 325 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 13,325 6,295 7,025 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 7,535 3,625 3,910 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 680 320 365 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,100 1,000 1,100 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 2,975 1,335 1,635 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 105 65 40
Japanese 75 35 45 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 440 220 225 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 775 370 410 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 85 45 35 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 15 10 10 85 50 35
Ewe 15 10 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 0 45 20 25
Ganda 25 15 5 90 45 45
Igbo 50 20 30 245 145 105
Lingala 25 10 15 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 30 30 155 70 80
Shona 10 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 205 90 115 805 400 405
Wolof 10 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 135 65 65 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 50 60 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 85 340 175 165
Dinka 50 20 25 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 240 115 125
Sign languages 80 35 45 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 35 20 20 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 15 30 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,815 3,385 3,425 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 6,570 3,260 3,305 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,970 970 1,000 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 25 15 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 3,910 1,940 1,970 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 45 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 25 40 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 515 270 245 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 240 125 115 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 40 25 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 190 90 95 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 180 80 105 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 150 70 80 1,100 550 550
Thai 35 5 25 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 450 215 235 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 530 290 235
Turkish 365 180 185 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 40 15 25 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,225 560 665 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 85 40 45 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,135 520 615 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 25 500 280 225
Multiple responses 7,430 3,610 3,820 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,370 635 740 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 5,445 2,710 2,740 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 355 160 195 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 255 110 140 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 284,570 139,265 145,305 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 269,235 131,765 137,475 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 233,245 114,550 118,695 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 231,025 113,550 117,470 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 2,225 1,000 1,225 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 35,995 17,215 18,780 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 10 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 35,980 17,205 18,770 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,585 5,070 5,515 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 375 155 220 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 10 90 50 45
Somali 345 140 210 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 10,205 4,910 5,290 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 45 20 25 600 275 320
Arabic 8,170 3,950 4,220 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 160 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,500 710 790 310 165 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 30 15 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 55 25 30 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,455 680 775 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 195 90 105 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,260 595 665 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 925 410 515 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 35 15 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 820 365 460 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 125 55 70 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 115 55 65 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 340 175 165 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 85 40 40 1,225 615 605
Tamil 165 85 80 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 70 40 25 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 16,095 7,645 8,450 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 455 225 230 695 335 360
Armenian 95 40 60 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 4,595 2,165 2,425 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 15 0 10 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 4,580 2,165 2,415 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 160 80 85 595 300 300
Bulgarian 35 20 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 525 245 285 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 50 25 30 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 505 255 255 150 75 75
Polish 1,210 570 640 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 275 120 155 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,415 690 725 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 50 500 235 265
Slovak 180 85 100 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 15 145 65 85
Ukrainian 70 25 45 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 175 80 95 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 145 70 75 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 375 180 195 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 5,155 2,600 2,555 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 4,670 2,380 2,295 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 380 185 190 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 465 270 195 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 360 190 170 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 30 15 15 270 140 130
Nepali 380 185 200 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,595 815 780 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 5 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 675 330 340
Urdu 1,385 695 695 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 470 215 255 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 85 40 40 1,080 540 535
Pashto 30 15 15 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 355 160 195 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 5,240 2,350 2,885 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 2,370 995 1,375 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 200 90 110 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,095 535 560 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,570 735 840 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 5 10
Japanese 35 15 20 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 315 160 155 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 260 120 140 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 10 0 5 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 10 5 10 40 20 15
Lingala 10 10 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 10 60 25 35
Shona 5 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 70 35 40 200 90 115
Wolof 10 5 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 45 20 25 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 50 140 60 75
Dinka 25 10 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 85 40 45 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 25 15 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 30 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,920 2,460 2,460 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,710 2,355 2,355 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,320 645 680 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,955 1,495 1,465 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 25 25 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 340 175 170 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 105 110 1,745 885 865
Burmese 30 15 15 720 375 350
Karenic languages 170 80 90 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 35 1,380 595 785
Lao 65 30 30 460 225 235
Thai 15 5 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 240 105 135 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 200 90 105 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 25 10 15 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 410 175 230 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 15 5 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 390 170 220 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 15,330 7,500 7,835 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 780 360 425 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 13,935 6,890 7,040 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 130 50 80 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 475 195 285 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 284,570 139,260 145,305 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 241,385 118,455 122,930 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 15,600 7,685 7,915 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 5,150 2,205 2,950 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 21,450 10,455 11,000 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 40 15 20 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 21,415 10,435 10,980 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 240 110 135 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 335 165 165 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 395 180 215 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 235,155 114,175 120,975 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,295 108,945 114,355 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,970 39,632 26,521 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,385 108,945 114,435 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,396 35,561 24,900 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 191,985 96,375 95,605 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,883 38,589 24,345 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 171,560 78,080 93,475 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,820 4,043 6,790 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 158,515 84,265 74,245 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,020 34,704 26,279 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 235,185 114,165 121,020 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,410 108,940 114,475 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,292 51,599 35,388 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,490 108,940 114,545 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,966 43,287 30,954 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 192,415 96,395 96,025 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,117 52,232 33,967 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 171,980 78,275 93,700 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,999 7,488 8,426 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 158,650 84,145 74,510 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,069 48,605 34,688 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 235,185 114,165 121,020 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 70,715 40,135 30,585 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,684 59,979 45,512 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,986 72,484 52,834 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.8 89.7 80.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.8 72.6 63.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.2 10.3 19.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 235,155 114,180 120,980 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 11,855 5,235 6,620 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 223,300 108,945 114,350 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.4 94.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 35,490 15,670 19,820 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 40,120 15,795 24,330 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 30,790 12,100 18,690 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 25,485 11,380 14,100 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 23,745 12,355 11,390 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 16,935 9,255 7,680 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 11,980 6,930 5,055 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 9,365 5,870 3,495 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 7,480 4,690 2,790 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 6,255 3,555 2,705 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 15,645 11,355 4,295 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 10,865 7,620 3,250 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 4,775 3,735 1,040 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 235,155 114,180 120,975 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 11,775 5,230 6,540 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 223,380 108,945 114,435 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.4 94.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 36,380 15,810 20,570 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 41,700 16,465 25,235 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 35,470 14,250 21,220 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 31,320 15,030 16,295 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 25,320 13,625 11,695 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 16,360 9,510 6,850 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 11,870 7,570 4,300 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 8,700 5,190 3,515 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 16,265 11,500 4,765 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 5,130 3,325 1,800 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,835 1,975 865 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 8,300 6,190 2,110 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 235,150 114,180 120,975 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 76,645 29,910 46,730 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 158,515 84,270 74,245 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.4 73.8 61.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 29,040 16,650 12,395 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 12,340 5,450 6,885 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 20,935 9,250 11,690 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 16,860 7,370 9,495 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 15,585 7,130 8,455 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 13,835 6,665 7,175 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 10,730 5,885 4,845 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 8,150 4,875 3,275 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 7,270 4,675 2,595 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 23,760 16,320 7,440 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 5,835 3,705 2,130 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 5,340 2,945 2,400 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 12,580 9,670 2,915 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 116,705 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,391 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,681 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 35,635 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,698 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,711 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 81,065 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,115 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,535 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 116,755 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,840 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,759 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 35,645 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,878 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,578 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 81,115 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,401 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,779 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 116,705 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,335 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,350 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,230 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,165 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,355 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,115 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,210 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,330 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,435 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,230 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,590 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,340 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,405 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,645 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,825 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 33,135 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,140 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,565 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,345 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 6,080 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 116,705 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,415 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,385 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,270 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,335 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,000 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,740 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 6,025 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,470 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,265 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,035 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,840 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,535 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,175 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,820 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,705 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 24,685 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,190 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,025 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,470 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 78,250 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,896 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,168 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 26,590 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,197 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,419 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 34,395 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,446 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,215 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 15,145 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,256 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,585 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 78,195 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,626 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,719 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 26,485 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,129 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,805 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 34,485 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,084 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,636 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 15,065 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,067 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,860 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 44,060 21,960 22,105 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,846 31,988 28,488 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,602 29,101 26,646 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 44,100 22,055 22,040 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,127 41,623 36,629 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,574 35,084 32,064 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 283,390 138,855 144,530 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 148,630 70,435 78,195 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 37,255 18,065 19,190 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 30,640 13,705 16,935 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 27,595 12,855 14,735 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 26,605 12,720 13,875 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 26,535 13,085 13,455 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 134,760 68,420 66,340 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 26,910 13,480 13,425 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 26,820 13,530 13,285 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 27,705 14,160 13,545 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 27,790 14,130 13,660 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 25,535 13,110 12,425 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 283,385 138,855 144,530 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 59,045 30,155 28,895 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 17,580 8,985 8,595 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 178,110 87,690 90,415 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 46,230 21,010 25,225 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 53,490 25,120 28,370 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 15,365 7,835 7,530 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 5,190 2,635 2,560 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 32,330 15,210 17,120 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 5,800 2,075 3,720 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.9 18.1 19.6 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 26.0 26.0 26.1 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 29.5 29.3 29.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 18.2 17.3 18.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.5 9.9 14.7 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 30,750 15,270 15,480 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 7,980 4,030 3,945 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 2,835 1,460 1,370 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 21,345 10,645 10,700 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,420 590 835 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.9 11.0 10.7 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 16.1 16.2 15.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 12.1 11.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 3.1 2.8 3.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 283,480 138,925 144,555 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 277,495 136,545 140,955 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 277,160 136,405 140,760 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 28,565 12,690 15,875 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 84,810 41,790 43,020 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 75 35 40 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 25 0 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 10 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 84,735 41,750 42,985 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 21,990 11,005 10,985 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 745 335 415 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 75 30 45 245 140 110
Somali 670 305 370 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 21,345 10,715 10,630 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 215 100 115 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 19,170 9,660 9,510 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 545 295 255 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,235 1,540 1,695 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 110 40 70 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 295 160 135 315 155 155
Tigrigna 155 65 95 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 70 115 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,665 1,295 1,370 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 240 280 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,160 1,065 1,100 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,685 1,085 1,600 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 30 15 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 160 70 85 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 135 50 90 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 65 50 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,465 960 1,505 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 425 165 265 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 360 125 230 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 30 35 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 850 475 375 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 55 30 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 130 55 75 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 540 315 220 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 175 110 65 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 10 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 45,095 22,405 22,695 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,310 625 685 1,640 840 795
Armenian 225 115 110 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 12,240 5,900 6,340 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 95 35 65 1,030 515 520
Latvian 25 10 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 70 25 40 475 220 250
Slavic languages 12,150 5,870 6,280 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 20 10 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 370 190 180 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 90 45 55 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 2,290 1,110 1,180 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 190 95 95 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,315 655 660 400 220 185
Polish 3,205 1,500 1,710 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 965 440 525 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 3,400 1,730 1,675 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 215 115 95 1,525 770 750
Slovak 620 270 355 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 70 100 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 500 195 305 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 120 60 65 420 215 205
Celtic languages 25 10 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,910 1,475 1,435 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 95 40 60 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 80 30 40 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 365 185 175 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 15 0 0 465 230 240
German 2,290 1,195 1,095 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 35 20 15 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 35 545 270 275
Yiddish 15 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 1,480 735 740 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 10,175 5,460 4,710 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 9,170 4,930 4,235 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 795 410 385 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 930 570 360 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,695 1,550 1,150 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 45 15 30 60 30 25
Konkani 15 10 10 415 215 200
Marathi 115 60 55 1,475 780 695
Nepali 450 235 215 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,190 1,680 1,510 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 75 45 30 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 75 65 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 3,420 1,785 1,635 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,025 550 475 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 160 100 60 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 50 30 25 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 830 440 390 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 17,810 8,715 9,100 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 9,920 4,920 5,000 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 975 485 485 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 2,430 1,135 1,290 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 4,965 2,435 2,530 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 380 245 140
Japanese 220 130 95 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 450 235 215 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,310 665 650 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 125 85 40 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 35 20 20 145 80 60
Ewe 25 10 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 115 55 60 425 240 185
Lingala 125 60 70 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 55 70 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 40 70 290 125 165
Shona 15 0 15 415 220 195
Swahili 330 175 160 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 20 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 260 135 125 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 145 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 150 75 75 405 210 200
Dinka 30 15 15 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 325 155 165
Sign languages 590 255 335 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 325 135 195 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 270 125 145 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,605 3,660 3,950 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 7,460 3,580 3,885 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,460 1,135 1,325 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 20 0 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 4,875 2,340 2,535 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 130 120 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 115 45 70 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 470 245 225 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 80 75 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 25 15 15 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 130 70 60 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 325 150 175 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 240 115 125 1,630 735 890
Thai 135 55 80 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 620 315 300 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 25 25 10 945 510 435
Turkish 545 270 275 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 20 15 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,620 805 815 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 90 45 45 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,520 755 760 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 45 45 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 283,480 138,925 144,555 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 264,370 129,545 134,825 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 55,910 28,510 27,405 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 208,460 101,035 107,420 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,115 9,375 9,735 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 283,485 138,920 144,560 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 208,980 102,810 106,165 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 70,440 33,650 36,790 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 20,890 10,115 10,770 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 8,110 3,930 4,175 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 15,255 7,080 8,175 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 16,340 7,790 8,555 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 8,230 3,975 4,260 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 8,110 3,820 4,290 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,840 4,730 5,110 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,060 2,455 1,600 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 70,440 33,650 36,790 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 8,165 4,155 4,010 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 12,710 6,575 6,130 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 16,095 7,145 8,955 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 27,355 12,965 14,390 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 6,110 2,810 3,300 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 70,440 33,655 36,790 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 9,440 4,020 5,420 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 125 55 70 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 375 185 190 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 700 365 335 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 95 30 65 1,305 600 710
Haiti 220 60 160 570 250 315
Jamaica 650 305 345 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 435 185 255 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 30 0 20 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 240 105 130 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,400 2,210 3,190 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,165 520 650 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 24,780 12,100 12,675 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,110 525 580 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,770 935 840 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 280 130 145 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 880 435 445 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 785 405 380 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 685 325 360 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 125 55 65 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 5,185 2,600 2,585 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 325 195 125 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 2,175 985 1,185 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 345 165 185 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,090 980 1,110 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 380 175 210 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,345 710 640 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 210 85 125 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,665 1,735 1,935 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,440 1,670 1,775 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 3,950 1,945 2,000 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 65 35 30 485 310 175
Egypt 420 220 200 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 225 120 105 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 85 50 35 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 60 35 30 985 535 455
Nigeria 480 260 220 1,740 925 815
Somalia 360 135 225 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 325 145 185 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,925 955 970 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 32,155 15,510 16,645 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 100 35 60 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 595 295 295 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,715 1,630 2,080 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 490 235 255 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,885 2,070 1,815 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 625 330 295 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 6,080 2,875 3,205 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 45 20 30 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 295 150 140 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 3,935 1,930 2,015 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 2,040 1,055 985 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,580 1,035 1,545 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 225 115 115 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,770 865 900 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 255 130 130 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,645 815 830 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 3,870 1,910 1,960 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 120 75 50 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,840 4,735 5,110 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,360 650 710 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 25 10 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 20 10 15 580 250 325
Cuba 20 10 15 140 60 80
Haiti 105 25 80 35 35 10
Jamaica 55 25 20 625 355 265
Mexico 110 50 60 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 815 445 370 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 25 40 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 145 55 90 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 655 300 355 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 10 10 970 510 460
Germany 35 25 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 90 40 50 690 310 380
Russian Federation