Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg [Population centre], Manitoba and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg
Manitoba
[Population centre]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Winnipeg [Population centre], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg [Population centre], Manitoba
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 711,925 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 670,025 r ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 296,630 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 283,454 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,069.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 343.99 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 711,915 347,710 364,210 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 119,705 61,470 58,230 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 39,420 20,370 19,055 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 40,510 20,585 19,920 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 39,775 20,515 19,260 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 480,360 238,325 242,030 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 43,630 22,570 21,065 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 50,910 25,960 24,950 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 52,405 26,230 26,170 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 51,275 25,345 25,930 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 48,195 23,580 24,615 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 46,130 22,755 23,375 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 45,705 22,460 23,240 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 50,730 25,030 25,705 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 48,660 23,965 24,700 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 42,720 20,435 22,280 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 111,850 47,905 63,945 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 36,005 16,785 19,225 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 25,110 11,525 13,585 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 18,495 8,010 10,485 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 14,780 6,030 8,750 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 17,460 5,560 11,900 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 10,375 3,685 6,690 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 5,380 1,540 3,840 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 1,465 305 1,155 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 245 30 210 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.7 16.0 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.5 66.5 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 15.7 13.8 17.6 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.5 1.6 3.3 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 40.0 38.7 41.2 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 38.9 37.5 40.2 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 283,455 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 169,330 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,880 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 76,630 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,470 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 10,050 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,105 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 50,680 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 325 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 620 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 283,455 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 84,910 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 91,020 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 42,980 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 38,865 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,685 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 696,500 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 592,210 286,235 305,975 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 321,790 160,860 160,930 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 272,510 136,225 136,285 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 49,285 24,635 24,645 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 270,420 125,375 145,045 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 184,400 98,065 86,330 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 15,160 6,435 8,725 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 35,990 13,855 22,135 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 34,870 7,015 27,860 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 191,480 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 93,120 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 42,675 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 38,190 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,495 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 191,480 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 156,245 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 131,605 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,635 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 35,235 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 28,065 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 7,175 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 156,240 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 71,700 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 84,540 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 33,105 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 35,340 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 16,100 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 35,235 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 21,420 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 9,575 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 4,240 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 135,310 64,885 70,425 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 283,455 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 178,745 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 67,615 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 111,135 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,175 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 98,530 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 84,910 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,620 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 702,760 344,190 358,575 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 620,445 307,690 312,760 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 975 435 535 1,485 680 800
English and French 70,315 31,340 38,975 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 11,025 4,725 6,300 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 702,760 344,190 358,570 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 667,140 328,035 339,100 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 22,015 10,170 11,845 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 2,885 1,420 1,460 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 10,730 4,565 6,160 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 23,450 10,875 12,575 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 702,760 344,190 358,570 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 680,070 333,200 346,870 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 499,725 246,805 252,920 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 477,470 236,555 240,920 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 22,255 10,250 12,005 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 180,345 86,400 93,945 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 3,590 1,395 2,190 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 3,425 1,335 2,085 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,115 415 700 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 5 10 30 5 20
Plains Cree 45 15 25 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 325 125 200 745 305 440
Woods Cree 30 10 20 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 705 265 440 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,295 910 1,380 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 1,595 630 960 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 695 280 420 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 45 10 35 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 10 30 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 40 10 35 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 50 20 35 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 40 10 30 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 10 10 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 15 20 630 305 330
Dakota 35 10 25 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 176,760 85,005 91,750 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,830 5,080 4,750 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 40 25 15 40 25 15
Kabyle 30 20 10 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,690 835 855 1,750 875 875
Bilen 125 70 55 155 85 70
Oromo 335 170 165 345 175 170
Somali 1,225 595 625 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 8,045 4,190 3,860 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 1,520 740 770 1,770 885 885
Arabic 4,265 2,265 2,005 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 515 300 215 545 320 225
Maltese 30 15 20 40 20 25
Tigrigna 1,700 860 840 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,000 1,890 2,115 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 130 140 280 135 145
Vietnamese 3,740 1,760 1,980 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 48,140 22,330 25,805 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 155 65 90 175 80 95
Cebuano 935 425 510 1,245 565 675
Fijian 5 5 5 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 360 155 205 390 170 220
Ilocano 1,265 590 675 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 5 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 145 60 85 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 600 290 310 655 315 340
Pangasinan 130 60 65 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,370 20,595 23,780 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 45 25 20 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 150 70 85
Creole languages 435 200 235 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 20 10 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 180 85 90 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 105 135 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 1,170 610 555 1,565 825 735
Kannada 80 45 35 95 50 40
Malayalam 520 270 255 790 410 380
Tamil 410 215 195 480 255 230
Telugu 155 85 70 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 86,105 41,650 44,455 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 305 155 155 350 170 180
Armenian 60 30 25 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 22,575 10,120 12,455 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 115 45 65 165 65 95
Latvian 45 20 25 80 35 45
Lithuanian 65 25 35 85 35 45
Slavic languages 22,460 10,070 12,390 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 35 15 15 40 20 25
Bosnian 555 275 275 575 285 290
Bulgarian 125 60 60 140 70 65
Croatian 875 410 465 1,030 505 530
Czech 425 210 215 615 310 310
Macedonian 135 60 70 145 70 75
Polish 5,180 2,300 2,880 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 5,545 2,675 2,870 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 610 310 300 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 235 110 125 240 110 130
Slovak 300 120 175 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 105 130 270 130 140
Ukrainian 8,150 3,375 4,780 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 75 40 30
Celtic languages 50 30 20 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 50 25 20
Welsh 15 10 10 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 16,255 7,240 9,020 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 150 75 75 420 220 205
Danish 165 75 85 280 145 135
Dutch 1,245 595 645 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 25 10 15 55 30 25
German 13,940 6,155 7,785 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 145 55 95 475 210 260
Norwegian 55 20 30 115 45 65
Swedish 95 40 55 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 40 60 310 125 180
Yiddish 345 170 175 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 1,155 585 570 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 29,215 15,425 13,790 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 26,570 14,090 12,480 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 1,095 635 465 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 2,060 1,080 980 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 2,070 1,100 970 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 5 5
Konkani 25 15 10 35 20 15
Marathi 105 65 45 135 80 50
Nepali 710 350 360 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,075 8,980 8,095 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 50 25 25 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 625 320 300 670 345 320
Urdu 2,745 1,510 1,230 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 2,550 1,285 1,270 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 390 205 190 415 210 200
Pashto 240 105 135 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 1,920 970 950 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 16,490 8,070 8,425 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 3,440 1,690 1,745 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 5,795 2,790 3,005 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 540 260 285 645 310 335
Spanish 6,705 3,320 3,385 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Japanese 485 165 315 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 15 10 10
Georgian 15 5 10 15 5 5
Korean 3,265 1,555 1,715 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 20 5 15
Mongolian 20 5 15 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 3,505 1,755 1,755 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 125 75 55 150 90 65
Bamanankan 75 25 50 75 25 45
Edo 35 20 15 40 20 15
Ewe 25 15 10 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 30 65 35 30
Ga 15 10 5 15 10 5
Ganda 40 15 30 50 20 30
Igbo 270 145 120 280 155 130
Lingala 70 35 40 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 60 60 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 235 115 115 250 125 120
Shona 85 35 50 110 50 60
Swahili 820 390 425 870 420 455
Wolof 70 45 25 75 50 25
Yoruba 875 445 430 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 580 285 300 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 205 180 395 215 180
Dinka 165 90 80 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 210 115 95 225 125 100
Sign languages 315 170 145 440 230 210
American Sign Language 175 95 80 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 75 65 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,585 8,185 8,395 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 16,025 7,905 8,125 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 6,055 2,865 3,195 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 50 30 25 55 30 25
Mandarin 8,770 4,420 4,345 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 5 5 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 310 145 160 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 50 50 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 730 390 340 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 560 280 280 575 295 285
Burmese 85 50 30 85 50 30
Karenic languages 415 205 210 430 215 220
Tibetan 5 5 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,010 480 530 1,120 525 595
Lao 800 405 395 875 445 430
Thai 200 70 135 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 305 165 135 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 30 20 15
Turkish 190 100 85 210 120 95
Uyghur 10 5 5 10 5 10
Uzbek 40 20 15 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,075 480 595 1,440 655 790
Estonian 30 10 20 30 10 15
Finnish 130 50 75 225 85 135
Hungarian 915 415 500 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 120 65 50 155 85 70
Multiple responses 22,685 10,990 11,700 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 2,750 1,340 1,410 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 18,985 9,150 9,835 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 565 310 255 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 390 185 200 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 702,760 344,185 358,570 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 653,470 320,445 333,025 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 561,885 275,635 286,250 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 552,560 271,495 281,065 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 9,320 4,140 5,180 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 91,590 44,815 46,775 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 930 400 530 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 905 390 515 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 255 105 155 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 10 5 0
Plains Cree 5 5 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 20 25 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 5 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 195 80 115 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 645 285 360 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 365 160 205 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 285 130 155 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 5 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 5 0 5 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 90,655 44,410 46,245 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,325 3,170 3,155 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 15 15 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 15 10 5 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 1,140 525 615 1,185 550 630
Bilen 95 50 45 120 65 55
Oromo 210 90 115 210 95 115
Somali 830 375 455 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 5,150 2,625 2,525 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 875 430 445 1,045 520 525
Arabic 2,840 1,455 1,380 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 340 185 155 355 195 160
Maltese 5 5 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 1,085 540 535 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,795 1,320 1,480 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 125 55 70
Vietnamese 2,675 1,265 1,405 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 24,700 11,705 12,990 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 25 15 15 30 15 15
Cebuano 345 165 180 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 125 55 70 125 55 75
Ilocano 365 175 195 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 50 25 30 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 230 115 120 245 120 130
Pangasinan 30 20 15 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,495 11,135 12,360 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 30 15 15
Creole languages 200 85 115 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 85 40 45 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 35 65 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 575 280 295 800 400 400
Kannada 40 20 20 45 25 25
Malayalam 255 125 130 405 195 205
Tamil 200 100 105 240 120 120
Telugu 75 40 35 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 38,540 19,210 19,325 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 150 75 75 155 80 75
Armenian 20 10 10 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 8,435 4,040 4,400 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 10 5 10 25 10 15
Latvian 10 0 5 15 5 5
Lithuanian 5 5 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 8,425 4,030 4,390 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 285 145 140 285 145 140
Bulgarian 60 35 30 65 30 30
Croatian 280 125 160 320 145 180
Czech 90 45 50 115 55 60
Macedonian 75 35 40 85 35 45
Polish 1,720 770 955 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 3,610 1,795 1,810 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 330 170 165 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 85 40 50 90 40 50
Slovak 65 35 30 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 35 55 20 30
Ukrainian 1,750 830 920 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages 5 5 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,660 745 915 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 50 25 25 200 100 100
Danish 10 5 0 10 5 5
Dutch 70 30 35 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,495 670 830 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 10 5 5 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 495 225 265 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 20,635 10,750 9,885 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 18,910 9,925 8,985 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 660 375 290 690 390 305
Gujarati 1,315 670 640 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 1,200 645 560 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 5 0 5 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 30 15 10 40 25 20
Nepali 535 260 275 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,105 6,845 6,260 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 25 10 15 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 335 180 160 360 190 170
Urdu 1,700 925 770 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 1,680 800 880 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 260 130 130 275 135 140
Pashto 155 65 85 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 1,270 605 660 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 7,140 3,365 3,770 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 990 420 565 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 2,620 1,215 1,400 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 210 100 115 235 110 125
Spanish 3,320 1,625 1,695 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 155 65 95 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 10 5 0
Georgian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Korean 2,535 1,235 1,305 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Mongolian 5 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,275 635 645 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 45 30 15 45 30 20
Bamanankan 10 5 10 15 5 5
Edo 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ewe 10 5 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 70 35 35 75 40 35
Lingala 45 25 20 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 50 50 105 55 50
Shona 5 0 5 10 5 10
Swahili 465 225 245 500 240 265
Wolof 25 20 10 25 20 10
Yoruba 285 145 140 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 40 70 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 125 60 70 130 60 70
Dinka 75 30 40 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 55 30 25
Sign languages 395 215 175 560 310 255
American Sign Language 200 110 85 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 200 110 90 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,105 6,005 6,100 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 11,655 5,780 5,880 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 4,060 1,905 2,150 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 25 15 10 25 10 15
Mandarin 6,875 3,490 3,380 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 5 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 35 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 505 275 230 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 445 225 220 465 235 225
Burmese 55 30 20 55 30 25
Karenic languages 355 180 170 370 190 180
Tibetan 5 5 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 265 535 250 280
Lao 400 195 205 430 210 220
Thai 95 30 55 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 125 60 60 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 10 5 10
Turkish 60 30 30 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 20 15 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 10 15
Uralic languages 255 120 140 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 20 10 5 35 15 15
Hungarian 235 105 130 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 40 25 20
Multiple responses 49,290 23,745 25,545 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 2,040 940 1,095 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 46,115 22,255 23,855 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 350 175 175 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 785 370 415 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 702,760 344,190 358,570 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 595,210 293,180 302,025 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 45,710 22,330 23,385 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 11,870 5,185 6,685 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 47,975 22,515 25,460 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 2,330 915 1,415 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 45,645 21,595 24,050 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 250 125 125 305 150 150
English and non-official language 1,170 590 580 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 565 255 310 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,150 280,265 296,885 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 549,305 266,130 283,175 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,088 40,357 30,780 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 549,400 266,140 283,255 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,051 35,024 27,748 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,730 245,895 251,835 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,589 39,363 28,450 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 405,565 176,400 229,170 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,364 1,406 4,642 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 416,465 212,565 203,900 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,865 39,679 30,563 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 577,155 280,345 296,815 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 549,275 266,230 283,045 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,344 52,770 38,359 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 549,395 266,250 283,150 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,992 42,085 32,203 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 497,905 246,155 251,755 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,542 52,754 36,513 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 405,760 176,395 229,365 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,725 6,029 7,260 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 416,510 212,500 204,010 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,237 51,229 36,953 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 577,150 280,345 296,815 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 202,015 112,475 89,545 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,117 55,667 46,276 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,737 68,372 53,404 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.0 92.4 84.6 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.0 77.6 69.5 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.0 7.6 15.4 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 577,150 280,265 296,885 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 27,845 14,135 13,715 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 549,305 266,130 283,175 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.0 95.4 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 76,720 35,110 41,610 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 83,380 32,965 50,415 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 77,620 31,370 46,250 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 72,155 32,400 39,760 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 64,030 30,540 33,490 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 48,130 26,080 22,050 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 34,715 20,075 14,640 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 25,370 14,930 10,445 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 20,065 11,495 8,570 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 12,810 7,525 5,285 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 34,305 23,645 10,665 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 23,700 15,865 7,835 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 10,605 7,780 2,830 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 577,150 280,265 296,885 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 27,745 14,120 13,625 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 549,400 266,145 283,255 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.0 95.4 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 79,215 35,625 43,585 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 90,200 35,970 54,225 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 95,385 39,970 55,405 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 90,090 41,925 48,170 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 68,620 36,105 32,515 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 46,095 26,675 19,420 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 31,200 18,015 13,190 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 18,340 10,915 7,420 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 30,265 20,940 9,325 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 10,335 6,755 3,580 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 5,895 4,055 1,845 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 14,035 10,135 3,900 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 577,145 280,265 296,885 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 160,685 67,695 92,985 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 416,465 212,565 203,900 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.8 68.7 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 46,830 22,020 24,810 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 29,920 13,075 16,845 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 53,915 23,950 29,965 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 52,140 23,540 28,595 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 52,110 24,475 27,635 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 46,075 22,720 23,345 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 35,700 20,175 15,530 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 26,135 15,435 10,700 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 20,090 12,030 8,060 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 53,555 35,145 18,415 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 16,805 9,605 7,200 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 10,290 6,330 3,955 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 26,460 19,200 7,260 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 283,455 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,725 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,246 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 84,910 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,441 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,660 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 198,545 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,869 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,355 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 283,425 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,876 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,705 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 84,890 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,681 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,499 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 198,535 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,919 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,332 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 283,455 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,605 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,160 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,850 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,770 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,990 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,665 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,600 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,450 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,500 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,320 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,450 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 22,100 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,895 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,265 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,645 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 85,180 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,280 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,100 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,375 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,425 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 283,455 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,850 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,245 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,080 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,450 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,850 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,870 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,800 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,570 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,125 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,750 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,165 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,465 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,215 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,490 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,330 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 58,205 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,875 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,615 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,715 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 189,520 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,176 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,506 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 65,950 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,961 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,618 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 84,585 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,680 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,869 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,170 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,645 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,866 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 189,505 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,884 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,917 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 65,875 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,605 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,708 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 84,810 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,434 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,577 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 32,050 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,650 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,873 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 113,235 55,025 58,210 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,516 35,047 32,292 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,833 30,728 29,111 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 112,970 54,810 58,165 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,170 42,922 39,519 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,095 34,936 33,303 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 696,500 341,550 354,955 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 369,410 176,625 192,780 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 78,420 38,435 39,985 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 68,505 30,955 37,555 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 72,540 34,190 38,350 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 74,515 36,155 38,360 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 75,425 36,890 38,540 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 327,090 164,920 162,170 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 74,205 36,895 37,310 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 72,340 36,290 36,055 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 68,415 34,450 33,970 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 62,300 31,695 30,605 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 49,830 25,595 24,230 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 696,500 341,545 354,950 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 144,640 74,425 70,215 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 47,240 24,325 22,915 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 450,740 222,490 228,245 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 101,125 44,630 56,495 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 109,745 51,730 58,020 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 33,015 16,970 16,045 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 12,020 6,225 5,795 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 64,580 30,550 34,030 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 12,150 4,210 7,940 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.8 15.1 16.3 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.8 22.8 22.9 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 25.4 25.6 25.3 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.7 14.9 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.4 14.1 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 92,160 44,420 47,745 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 25,945 13,295 12,650 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 9,585 4,935 4,655 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 58,445 28,420 30,030 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 7,775 2,705 5,065 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.2 13.0 13.5 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.9 17.9 18.0 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 20.3 20.3 20.3 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.8 13.2 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 7.7 6.1 9.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 696,475 341,620 354,855 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 685,500 336,820 348,680 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 684,625 336,420 348,205 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 70,370 31,370 39,000 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 222,165 106,505 115,655 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,240 3,405 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 5,395 2,145 3,255 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 10 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,865 745 1,125 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 35 10 25 85 25 55
Plains Cree 105 50 55 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 495 220 280 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 55 25 30 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 1,175 440 735 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,690 1,460 2,225 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 2,580 1,035 1,545 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 1,105 420 680 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 10 60 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 75 15 60 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 25 30 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 10 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 40 15 25 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 65 35 30 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 20 15 760 365 395
Dakota 35 20 15 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 216,585 104,300 112,290 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,595 7,635 6,960 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 75 40 40 85 50 40
Kabyle 45 25 25 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 2,215 1,140 1,075 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 145 80 65 210 120 85
Oromo 530 270 260 535 275 260
Somali 1,530 785 745 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 12,635 6,660 5,975 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 2,180 1,175 1,005 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 6,085 3,275 2,810 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 3,235 1,650 1,585 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 40 15 30 65 30 35
Tigrigna 2,125 1,105 1,015 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 60 70 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,010 2,430 2,580 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 180 140 335 185 150
Vietnamese 4,700 2,265 2,435 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 59,340 27,340 32,000 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 200 95 110 225 100 125
Cebuano 1,205 600 605 1,615 805 810
Fijian 10 0 10 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 395 160 230 425 180 245
Ilocano 1,810 860 950 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 315 160 155 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 910 400 510 945 415 530
Pangasinan 210 95 105 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,425 26,870 31,555 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 100 50 50 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 140 60 85 200 80 120
Creole languages 965 440 525 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 20 10 15 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 415 210 200 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 555 245 315 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 1,285 605 675 1,840 945 895
Kannada 160 90 70 175 95 80
Malayalam 480 190 290 830 400 430
Tamil 555 270 285 655 330 325
Telugu 175 95 80 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 105,295 51,215 54,080 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 375 195 185 390 195 195
Armenian 55 45 10 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 25,275 11,755 13,520 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 160 85 80 230 90 140
Latvian 65 35 35 115 45 70
Lithuanian 100 55 45 120 50 65
Slavic languages 25,150 11,700 13,450 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 65 25 40 65 25 45
Bosnian 810 400 410 835 405 430
Bulgarian 135 80 55 155 95 60
Croatian 1,380 650 725 1,595 765 825
Czech 545 245 300 735 335 395
Macedonian 125 70 55 140 75 60
Polish 6,185 2,890 3,295 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 7,750 3,825 3,920 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 810 435 370 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 180 65 115 190 75 115
Slovak 350 150 200 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 260 95 165 275 100 175
Ukrainian 9,830 4,275 5,555 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 70 35 30
Celtic languages 95 60 40 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 65 45 15 90 65 25
Welsh 10 10 0 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 45 15 25
Germanic languages 19,650 8,950 10,700 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 270 125 150 715 330 385
Danish 160 60 100 270 120 150
Dutch 1,420 690 735 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 35 20 15 90 65 30
German 16,890 7,755 9,130 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 205 60 145 560 225 335
Norwegian 150 60 90 290 115 175
Swedish 175 55 115 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 35 60 270 120 155
Yiddish 540 230 310 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 1,815 925 885 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 34,895 18,410 16,485 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 32,140 17,025 15,120 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 1,435 840 590 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 2,745 1,435 1,305 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 11,165 5,975 5,190 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 20 15 0 20 15 10
Konkani 30 25 10 40 30 10
Marathi 215 125 90 275 170 105
Nepali 600 280 320 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 10 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,365 11,215 10,150 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 140 80 55 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 880 470 405 920 500 420
Urdu 4,170 2,355 1,815 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 2,850 1,425 1,430 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 570 280 290 600 295 305
Pashto 270 120 145 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 2,160 1,110 1,055 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 110 90 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 25,595 12,060 13,530 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 15 10 10 15 10 10
Italian 4,785 2,310 2,475 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 7,400 3,550 3,850 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 680 350 330 785 395 390
Spanish 13,450 6,200 7,245 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 40 10 60 45 15
Japanese 1,010 470 535 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 15 0 10 10 0 15
Georgian 10 0 15 15 0 15
Korean 3,705 1,815 1,885 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 55 20 35
Mongolian 50 20 30 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 7,255 3,695 3,555 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 210 130 80 260 165 95
Bamanankan 150 90 60 160 95 65
Edo 95 60 30 95 60 30
Ewe 45 25 25 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 20 50 25 25
Ga 15 10 10 30 10 15
Ganda 175 80 100 230 110 120
Igbo 620 310 310 665 345 325
Lingala 645 305 340 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 90 100 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 155 305 155 155
Shona 195 80 115 250 110 140
Swahili 1,815 965 855 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 150 80 70 150 85 70
Yoruba 2,365 1,185 1,180 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,230 630 605 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 405 225 185 410 225 185
Dinka 185 100 80 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 125 105 225 120 105
Sign languages 1,940 735 1,210 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 1,305 505 805 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 650 240 410 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,730 9,305 9,430 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 18,080 9,005 9,075 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 7,705 3,630 4,075 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 40 25 15 50 30 20
Mandarin 11,185 5,650 5,535 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 440 205 235 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 85 60 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 815 450 370 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 665 300 365 675 310 370
Burmese 180 115 70 185 115 70
Karenic languages 460 200 265 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,390 640 750 1,565 730 835
Lao 1,025 475 550 1,120 520 600
Thai 485 225 260 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 435 220 215 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 50 25 30
Turkish 310 160 150 365 180 185
Uyghur 30 15 15 30 15 10
Uzbek 15 0 10 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 45 15 30
Uralic languages 1,175 545 630 1,550 730 815
Estonian 50 20 30 45 20 25
Finnish 130 55 80 265 105 160
Hungarian 995 475 525 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 375 245 130 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 696,475 341,620 354,855 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 615,965 301,080 314,885 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 128,635 66,000 62,640 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 487,330 235,085 252,250 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 80,510 40,540 39,965 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 696,475 341,620 354,855 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 506,430 248,520 257,915 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 176,735 85,770 90,970 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 38,230 17,605 20,625 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 16,220 8,215 8,015 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 17,930 8,620 9,310 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 52,455 25,845 26,615 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 16,005 7,820 8,185 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 36,460 18,025 18,430 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 51,890 25,485 26,405 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,310 7,335 5,970 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 176,735 85,765 90,970 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 17,950 9,050 8,895 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 33,075 16,860 16,210 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 34,980 16,190 18,790 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 76,020 36,545 39,480 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 14,710 7,115 7,595 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 176,735 85,770 90,970 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 16,295 7,720 8,580 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 395 155 240 435 170 265
Colombia 535 245 295 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 1,485 800 695 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 1,065 480 590 1,135 515 620
Haiti 75 40 35 155 75 80
Jamaica 1,580 730 850 1,810 835 970
Mexico 730 365 365 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 190 85 110 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 1,410 730 675 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,130 1,910 2,225 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 4,690 2,175 2,510 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 37,060 17,840 19,225 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,020 510 505 1,055 530 525
Croatia 875 385 485 975 445 535
France 470 245 225 795 425 365
Germany 4,075 1,915 2,165 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 775 420 350 820 445 375
Hungary 675 345 325 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 405 180 220 650 310 340
Italy 2,515 1,290 1,225 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 1,025 545 485 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 4,360 2,020 2,345 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 3,885 1,915 1,970 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 635 320 320 720 345 375
Russian Federation 1,980 920 1,055 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 325 170 155 355 175 175
Ukraine 3,680 1,720 1,965 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,935 3,305 3,635 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 3,415 1,630 1,790 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 15,930 8,310 7,615 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 105 50 50 115 60 55
Egypt 895 480 405 980 525 455
Ethiopia 2,210 1,170 1,040 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 895 440 455 935 470 465
Morocco 220 115 110 250 140 110
Nigeria 3,490 1,880 1,605 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 750 340 405 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 525 235 295 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 6,845 3,595 3,250 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 107,000 51,695 55,310 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 605 280 325 615 285 330
Bangladesh 845 460 385 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,555 3,630 3,920 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,375 655 715 1,460 715 735
India 19,260 9,935 9,325 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,080 600 485 1,180 655 530
Iraq 835 445 390 860 460 400
Japan 180 50 125 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,570 1,260 1,315 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 225 145 80 265 165 100
Pakistan 2,840 1,535 1,305 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 56,885 26,465 30,415 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 970 490 480 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 695 325 370 805 390 410
Taiwan 185 95 95 215 110 110
Viet Nam 4,085 1,960 2,125 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 6,810 3,360 3,455 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 455 210 245 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 51,890 25,485 26,405 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 1,940 880 1,060 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 95 35 65 100 35 65
Colombia 80 25 55 185 70 120
Cuba 55 15 40 75 25 55
Haiti 15 10 10 15 10 0
Jamaica 240 130 115 340 175 165
Mexico 240 125 115 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 595 295 300 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 15 25 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 570 235 340 1,490 640 850
Europe 3,325 1,680 1,640 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 85 35 45 135 70 75
Germany 95 50 50 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 55 40 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 130 75 55 160 85 70
Romania 65 35 30 70 30 35
Russian Federation 725 330