Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg [Population centre], Manitoba and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg
Manitoba
[Population centre]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Winnipeg [Population centre], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg [Population centre], Manitoba
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 711,925 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 670,025 r ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 296,630 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 283,454 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,069.6 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 343.99 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 711,915 347,710 364,210 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 119,705 61,470 58,230 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 39,420 20,370 19,055 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 40,510 20,585 19,920 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 39,775 20,515 19,260 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 480,360 238,325 242,030 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 43,630 22,570 21,065 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 50,910 25,960 24,950 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 52,405 26,230 26,170 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 51,275 25,345 25,930 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 48,195 23,580 24,615 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 46,130 22,755 23,375 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 45,705 22,460 23,240 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 50,730 25,030 25,705 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 48,660 23,965 24,700 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 42,720 20,435 22,280 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 111,850 47,905 63,945 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 36,005 16,785 19,225 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 25,110 11,525 13,585 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 18,495 8,010 10,485 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 14,780 6,030 8,750 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 17,460 5,560 11,900 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 10,375 3,685 6,690 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 5,380 1,540 3,840 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 1,465 305 1,155 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 245 30 210 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.7 16.0 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.5 66.5 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 15.7 13.8 17.6 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.5 1.6 3.3 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 40.0 38.7 41.2 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 38.9 37.5 40.2 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 283,455 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 169,330 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,880 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 76,630 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,470 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 10,050 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,105 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 50,680 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 325 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 620 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 283,455 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 84,910 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 91,020 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 42,980 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 38,865 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,685 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 696,500 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 592,210 286,235 305,975 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 321,790 160,860 160,930 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 272,510 136,225 136,285 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 49,285 24,635 24,645 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 270,420 125,375 145,045 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 184,400 98,065 86,330 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 15,160 6,435 8,725 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 35,990 13,855 22,135 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 34,870 7,015 27,860 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 191,480 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 93,120 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 42,675 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 38,190 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,495 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 191,480 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 156,245 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 131,605 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,635 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 35,235 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 28,065 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 7,175 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 156,240 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 71,700 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 84,540 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 33,105 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 35,340 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 16,100 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 35,235 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 21,420 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 9,575 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 4,240 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 135,310 64,885 70,425 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 283,455 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 178,745 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 67,615 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 111,135 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,175 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 98,530 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 84,910 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,620 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 702,760 344,190 358,575 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 620,445 307,690 312,760 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 975 435 535 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 70,315 31,340 38,975 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 11,025 4,725 6,300 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 702,760 344,190 358,570 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 667,140 328,035 339,100 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 22,015 10,170 11,845 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 2,885 1,420 1,460 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 10,730 4,565 6,160 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 23,450 10,875 12,575 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.3 3.2 3.5 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 702,760 344,190 358,570 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 680,070 333,200 346,870 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 499,725 246,805 252,920 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 477,470 236,555 240,920 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 22,255 10,250 12,005 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 180,345 86,400 93,945 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 3,590 1,395 2,190 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 3,425 1,335 2,085 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 5 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,115 415 700 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 5 10 50 15 35
Plains Cree 45 15 25 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 325 125 200 50 20 35
Woods Cree 30 10 20 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 705 265 440 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,295 910 1,380 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 1,595 630 960 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 695 280 420 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 45 10 35 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 10 30 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 40 10 35 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 50 20 35 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 40 10 30 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 25 10 10 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 35 15 20 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 35 10 25 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 5 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 176,760 85,005 91,750 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,830 5,080 4,750 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 40 25 15 340 190 145
Kabyle 30 20 10 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 1,690 835 855 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 125 70 55 315 185 130
Oromo 335 170 165 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 1,225 595 625 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 8,045 4,190 3,860 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 1,520 740 770 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 4,265 2,265 2,005 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 515 300 215 960 505 460
Maltese 30 15 20 75 30 40
Tigrigna 1,700 860 840 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,000 1,890 2,115 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 130 140 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 3,740 1,760 1,980 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 48,140 22,330 25,805 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 155 65 90 425 205 225
Cebuano 935 425 510 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 5 5 5 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 360 155 205 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 1,265 590 675 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 5 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 145 60 85 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 600 290 310 765 370 390
Pangasinan 130 60 65 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,370 20,595 23,780 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 45 25 20 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 980 430 550
Creole languages 435 200 235 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 20 10 5 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 180 85 90 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 105 135 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 1,170 610 555 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 80 45 35 535 270 265
Malayalam 520 270 255 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 410 215 195 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 155 85 70 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 86,105 41,650 44,455 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 305 155 155 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 60 30 25 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 22,575 10,120 12,455 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 115 45 65 1,010 475 535
Latvian 45 20 25 415 195 220
Lithuanian 65 25 35 600 285 315
Slavic languages 22,460 10,070 12,390 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 35 15 15 65 30 30
Bosnian 555 275 275 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 125 60 60 1,545 790 755
Croatian 875 410 465 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 425 210 215 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 135 60 70 360 185 175
Polish 5,180 2,300 2,880 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 5,545 2,675 2,870 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 610 310 300 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 235 110 125 970 480 485
Slovak 300 120 175 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 105 130 695 320 370
Ukrainian 8,150 3,375 4,780 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 215 120 100
Celtic languages 50 30 20 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 135 70 65
Welsh 15 10 10 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 16,255 7,240 9,020 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 150 75 75 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 165 75 85 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 1,245 595 645 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 25 10 15 360 200 160
German 13,940 6,155 7,785 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 145 55 95 115 55 60
Norwegian 55 20 30 815 370 445
Swedish 95 40 55 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 40 60 320 150 170
Yiddish 345 170 175 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 1,155 585 570 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 29,215 15,425 13,790 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 26,570 14,090 12,480 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 1,095 635 465 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 2,060 1,080 980 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 2,070 1,100 970 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 5 5 5 105 60 50
Konkani 25 15 10 370 190 185
Marathi 105 65 45 1,510 775 730
Nepali 710 350 360 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,075 8,980 8,095 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 50 25 25 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 625 320 300 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 2,745 1,510 1,230 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 2,550 1,285 1,270 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 390 205 190 1,550 845 705
Pashto 240 105 135 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 1,920 970 950 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 16,490 8,070 8,425 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 3,440 1,690 1,745 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 5,795 2,790 3,005 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 540 260 285 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 6,705 3,320 3,385 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 20 15
Japanese 485 165 315 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 230 130 105
Georgian 15 5 10 230 130 100
Korean 3,265 1,555 1,715 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 545 255 290
Mongolian 20 5 15 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 3,505 1,755 1,755 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 125 75 55 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 75 25 50 35 20 15
Edo 35 20 15 275 155 120
Ewe 25 15 10 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 30 230 120 100
Ga 15 10 5 145 80 65
Ganda 40 15 30 280 145 135
Igbo 270 145 120 1,165 625 540
Lingala 70 35 40 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 60 60 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 235 115 115 805 405 400
Shona 85 35 50 1,100 545 555
Swahili 820 390 425 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 70 45 25 280 165 110
Yoruba 875 445 430 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 580 285 300 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 205 180 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 165 90 80 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 210 115 95 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 315 170 145 830 440 390
American Sign Language 175 95 80 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 75 65 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,585 8,185 8,395 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 16,025 7,905 8,125 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 6,055 2,865 3,195 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 50 30 25 990 465 530
Mandarin 8,770 4,420 4,345 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 5 5 5 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 310 145 160 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 50 50 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 730 390 340 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 560 280 280 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 85 50 30 430 230 200
Karenic languages 415 205 210 795 415 380
Tibetan 5 5 5 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 1,010 480 530 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 800 405 395 1,020 485 535
Thai 200 70 135 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 305 165 135 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 365 215 155
Turkish 190 100 85 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 10 5 5 130 70 60
Uzbek 40 20 15 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 215 95 120
Uralic languages 1,075 480 595 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 30 10 20 190 90 105
Finnish 130 50 75 810 330 480
Hungarian 915 415 500 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 120 65 50 690 415 280
Multiple responses 22,685 10,990 11,700 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 2,750 1,340 1,410 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 18,985 9,150 9,835 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 565 310 255 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 390 185 200 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 702,760 344,185 358,570 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 653,470 320,445 333,025 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 561,885 275,635 286,250 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 552,560 271,495 281,065 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 9,320 4,140 5,180 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 91,590 44,815 46,775 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 930 400 530 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 905 390 515 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 255 105 155 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 20 10 10
Plains Cree 5 5 5 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 20 25 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 5 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 195 80 115 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 645 285 360 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 365 160 205 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 285 130 155 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 5 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 5 0 5 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 90,655 44,410 46,245 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,325 3,170 3,155 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 15 15 5 200 105 95
Kabyle 15 10 5 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 1,140 525 615 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 95 50 45 280 160 115
Oromo 210 90 115 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 830 375 455 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 5,150 2,625 2,525 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 875 430 445 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 2,840 1,455 1,380 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 340 185 155 460 235 225
Maltese 5 5 5 15 10 10
Tigrigna 1,085 540 535 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,795 1,320 1,480 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 960 460 500
Vietnamese 2,675 1,265 1,405 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 24,700 11,705 12,990 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 25 15 15 70 40 35
Cebuano 345 165 180 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 125 55 70 470 215 255
Ilocano 365 175 195 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 50 25 30 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 230 115 120 220 110 110
Pangasinan 30 20 15 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,495 11,135 12,360 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 280 120 155
Creole languages 200 85 115 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 85 40 45 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 35 65 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 575 280 295 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 40 20 20 210 105 105
Malayalam 255 125 130 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 200 100 105 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 75 40 35 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 38,540 19,210 19,325 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 150 75 75 1,060 570 485
Armenian 20 10 10 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 8,435 4,040 4,400 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 10 5 10 410 210 200
Latvian 10 0 5 165 85 80
Lithuanian 5 5 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 8,425 4,030 4,390 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 285 145 140 785 400 385
Bulgarian 60 35 30 825 415 405
Croatian 280 125 160 1,800 905 895
Czech 90 45 50 875 440 430
Macedonian 75 35 40 175 90 85
Polish 1,720 770 955 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 3,610 1,795 1,810 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 330 170 165 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 85 40 50 315 160 155
Slovak 65 35 30 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 35 150 70 75
Ukrainian 1,750 830 920 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 55 30 25
Celtic languages 5 5 5 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 5 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 1,660 745 915 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 50 25 25 1,705 835 875
Danish 10 5 0 150 75 75
Dutch 70 30 35 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 1,495 670 830 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 10 5 5 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 5 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 10 5 5 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 495 225 265 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 20,635 10,750 9,885 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 18,910 9,925 8,985 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 660 375 290 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 1,315 670 640 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 1,200 645 560 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 5 0 5 50 20 25
Konkani 5 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 30 15 10 845 440 405
Nepali 535 260 275 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,105 6,845 6,260 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 25 10 15 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 335 180 160 1,480 750 730
Urdu 1,700 925 770 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 1,680 800 880 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 260 130 130 850 440 410
Pashto 155 65 85 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 1,270 605 660 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 7,140 3,365 3,770 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 990 420 565 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 2,620 1,215 1,400 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 210 100 115 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 3,320 1,625 1,695 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 155 65 95 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 160 85 70
Georgian 10 5 5 160 85 70
Korean 2,535 1,235 1,305 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 335 160 175
Mongolian 5 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 1,275 635 645 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 45 30 15 845 415 430
Bamanankan 10 5 10 10 10 0
Edo 5 0 5 70 35 35
Ewe 10 5 5 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 5 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 70 35 35 265 125 145
Lingala 45 25 20 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 50 50 350 175 170
Shona 5 0 5 410 190 225
Swahili 465 225 245 1,090 530 565
Wolof 25 20 10 170 95 75
Yoruba 285 145 140 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 40 70 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 125 60 70 1,525 765 755
Dinka 75 30 40 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 725 350 375
Sign languages 395 215 175 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 200 110 85 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 200 110 90 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,105 6,005 6,100 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 11,655 5,780 5,880 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 4,060 1,905 2,150 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 25 15 10 315 135 185
Mandarin 6,875 3,490 3,380 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 5 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 35 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 505 275 230 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 445 225 220 1,500 770 730
Burmese 55 30 20 280 145 130
Karenic languages 355 180 170 665 340 320
Tibetan 5 5 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 265 1,130 505 625
Lao 400 195 205 465 215 245
Thai 95 30 55 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 125 60 60 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 155 90 75
Turkish 60 30 30 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 35 20 15 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 70 35 25
Uralic languages 255 120 140 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 20 10 5 105 50 50
Hungarian 235 105 130 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 240 140 95
Multiple responses 49,290 23,745 25,545 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 2,040 940 1,095 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 46,115 22,255 23,855 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 350 175 175 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 785 370 415 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 702,760 344,190 358,570 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 595,210 293,180 302,025 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 45,710 22,330 23,385 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 11,870 5,185 6,685 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 47,975 22,515 25,460 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 2,330 915 1,415 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 45,645 21,595 24,050 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 250 125 125 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 1,170 590 580 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 565 255 310 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,150 280,265 296,885 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 549,305 266,130 283,175 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,088 40,357 30,780 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 549,400 266,140 283,255 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,051 35,024 27,748 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 497,730 245,895 251,835 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,589 39,363 28,450 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 405,565 176,400 229,170 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,364 1,406 4,642 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 416,465 212,565 203,900 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,865 39,679 30,563 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 577,155 280,345 296,815 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 549,275 266,230 283,045 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,344 52,770 38,359 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 549,395 266,250 283,150 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,992 42,085 32,203 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 497,905 246,155 251,755 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,542 52,754 36,513 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 405,760 176,395 229,365 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,725 6,029 7,260 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 416,510 212,500 204,010 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,237 51,229 36,953 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 577,150 280,345 296,815 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 202,015 112,475 89,545 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,117 55,667 46,276 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,737 68,372 53,404 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.0 92.4 84.6 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.0 77.6 69.5 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.0 7.6 15.4 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 577,150 280,265 296,885 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 27,845 14,135 13,715 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 549,305 266,130 283,175 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.0 95.4 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 76,720 35,110 41,610 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 83,380 32,965 50,415 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 77,620 31,370 46,250 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 72,155 32,400 39,760 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 64,030 30,540 33,490 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 48,130 26,080 22,050 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 34,715 20,075 14,640 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 25,370 14,930 10,445 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 20,065 11,495 8,570 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 12,810 7,525 5,285 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 34,305 23,645 10,665 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 23,700 15,865 7,835 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 10,605 7,780 2,830 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 577,150 280,265 296,885 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 27,745 14,120 13,625 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 549,400 266,145 283,255 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.0 95.4 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 79,215 35,625 43,585 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 90,200 35,970 54,225 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 95,385 39,970 55,405 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 90,090 41,925 48,170 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 68,620 36,105 32,515 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 46,095 26,675 19,420 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 31,200 18,015 13,190 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 18,340 10,915 7,420 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 30,265 20,940 9,325 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 10,335 6,755 3,580 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 5,895 4,055 1,845 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 14,035 10,135 3,900 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 577,145 280,265 296,885 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 160,685 67,695 92,985 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 416,465 212,565 203,900 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.8 68.7 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 46,830 22,020 24,810 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 29,920 13,075 16,845 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 53,915 23,950 29,965 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 52,140 23,540 28,595 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 52,110 24,475 27,635 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 46,075 22,720 23,345 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 35,700 20,175 15,530 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 26,135 15,435 10,700 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 20,090 12,030 8,060 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 53,555 35,145 18,415 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 16,805 9,605 7,200 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 10,290 6,330 3,955 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 26,460 19,200 7,260 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 283,455 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,725 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,246 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 84,910 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,441 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,660 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 198,545 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,869 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,355 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 283,425 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,876 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,705 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 84,890 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,681 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,499 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 198,535 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,919 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,332 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 283,455 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,605 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,160 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,850 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,770 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,990 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,665 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,600 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,450 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,500 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,320 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,450 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 22,100 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,895 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,265 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,645 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 85,180 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,280 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 20,100 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,375 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,425 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 283,455 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,850 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,245 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,080 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,450 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,850 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,870 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,800 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,570 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,125 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,750 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,165 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,465 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,215 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,490 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,330 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 58,205 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,875 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,615 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,715 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 189,520 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,176 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,506 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 65,950 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,961 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,618 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 84,585 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,680 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,869 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,170 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,645 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,866 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 189,505 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,884 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,917 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 65,875 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,605 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,708 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 84,810 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,434 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,577 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 32,050 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,650 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,873 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 113,235 55,025 58,210 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,516 35,047 32,292 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,833 30,728 29,111 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 112,970 54,810 58,165 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,170 42,922 39,519 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,095 34,936 33,303 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 696,500 341,550 354,955 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 369,410 176,625 192,780 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 78,420 38,435 39,985 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 68,505 30,955 37,555 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 72,540 34,190 38,350 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 74,515 36,155 38,360 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 75,425 36,890 38,540 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 327,090 164,920 162,170 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 74,205 36,895 37,310 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 72,340 36,290 36,055 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 68,415 34,450 33,970 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 62,300 31,695 30,605 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 49,830 25,595 24,230 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 696,500 341,545 354,950 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 144,640 74,425 70,215 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 47,240 24,325 22,915 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 450,740 222,490 228,245 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 101,125 44,630 56,495 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 109,745 51,730 58,020 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 33,015 16,970 16,045 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 12,020 6,225 5,795 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 64,580 30,550 34,030 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 12,150 4,210 7,940 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.8 15.1 16.3 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 22.8 22.8 22.9 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 25.4 25.6 25.3 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.7 14.9 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.4 14.1 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 92,160 44,420 47,745 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 25,945 13,295 12,650 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 9,585 4,935 4,655 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 58,445 28,420 30,030 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 7,775 2,705 5,065 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.2 13.0 13.5 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.9 17.9 18.0 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 20.3 20.3 20.3 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.8 13.2 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 7.7 6.1 9.0 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 696,475 341,620 354,855 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 685,500 336,820 348,680 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 684,625 336,420 348,205 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 70,370 31,370 39,000 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 222,165 106,505 115,655 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,240 3,405 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 5,395 2,145 3,255 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 10 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,865 745 1,125 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 35 10 25 90 20 70
Plains Cree 105 50 55 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 495 220 280 45 25 25
Woods Cree 55 25 30 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 1,175 440 735 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,690 1,460 2,225 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 2,580 1,035 1,545 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 1,105 420 680 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 10 60 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 75 15 60 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 55 25 30 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 10 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 40 15 25 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 65 35 30 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 10 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 35 20 15 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 35 20 15 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 216,585 104,300 112,290 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,595 7,635 6,960 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 75 40 40 540 335 205
Kabyle 45 25 25 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 2,215 1,140 1,075 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 145 80 65 370 235 135
Oromo 530 270 260 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 1,530 785 745 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 12,635 6,660 5,975 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 2,180 1,175 1,005 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 6,085 3,275 2,810 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 3,235 1,650 1,585 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 40 15 30 145 85 55
Tigrigna 2,125 1,105 1,015 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 60 70 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,010 2,430 2,580 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 180 140 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 4,700 2,265 2,435 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 59,340 27,340 32,000 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 200 95 110 330 150 180
Cebuano 1,205 600 605 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 10 0 10 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 395 160 230 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 1,810 860 950 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 315 160 155 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 910 400 510 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 210 95 105 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,425 26,870 31,555 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 100 50 50 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 140 60 85 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 965 440 525 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 20 10 15 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 415 210 200 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 555 245 315 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 1,285 605 675 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 160 90 70 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 480 190 290 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 555 270 285 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 175 95 80 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 105,295 51,215 54,080 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 375 195 185 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 55 45 10 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 25,275 11,755 13,520 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 160 85 80 1,360 660 705
Latvian 65 35 35 590 300 290
Lithuanian 100 55 45 775 360 415
Slavic languages 25,150 11,700 13,450 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 65 25 40 200 95 105
Bosnian 810 400 410 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 135 80 55 1,795 945 850
Croatian 1,380 650 725 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 545 245 300 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 125 70 55 535 270 265
Polish 6,185 2,890 3,295 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 7,750 3,825 3,920 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 810 435 370 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 180 65 115 1,095 550 540
Slovak 350 150 200 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 260 95 165 735 360 375
Ukrainian 9,830 4,275 5,555 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 250 120 130
Celtic languages 95 60 40 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 65 45 15 440 215 225
Welsh 10 10 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 450 220 225
Germanic languages 19,650 8,950 10,700 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 270 125 150 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 160 60 100 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 1,420 690 735 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 35 20 15 475 275 205
German 16,890 7,755 9,130 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 205 60 145 160 70 95
Norwegian 150 60 90 1,450 635 810
Swedish 175 55 115 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 35 60 380 170 215
Yiddish 540 230 310 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 1,815 925 885 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 34,895 18,410 16,485 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 32,140 17,025 15,120 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 1,435 840 590 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 2,745 1,435 1,305 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 11,165 5,975 5,190 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 20 15 0 125 80 45
Konkani 30 25 10 625 300 320
Marathi 215 125 90 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 600 280 320 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 10 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,365 11,215 10,150 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 140 80 55 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 880 470 405 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 4,170 2,355 1,815 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 2,850 1,425 1,430 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 570 280 290 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 270 120 145 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 2,160 1,110 1,055 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 110 90 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 25,595 12,060 13,530 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 15 10 10 170 95 80
Italian 4,785 2,310 2,475 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 7,400 3,550 3,850 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 680 350 330 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 13,450 6,200 7,245 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 40 10 250 130 125
Japanese 1,010 470 535 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 15 0 10 225 130 100
Georgian 10 0 15 230 130 100
Korean 3,705 1,815 1,885 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 800 375 430
Mongolian 50 20 30 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 7,255 3,695 3,555 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 210 130 80 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 150 90 60 60 30 30
Edo 95 60 30 620 325 290
Ewe 45 25 25 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 20 300 165 135
Ga 15 10 10 345 190 155
Ganda 175 80 100 610 305 305
Igbo 620 310 310 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 645 305 340 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 90 100 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 155 1,155 605 550
Shona 195 80 115 1,810 850 960
Swahili 1,815 965 855 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 150 80 70 600 365 235
Yoruba 2,365 1,185 1,180 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,230 630 605 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 405 225 185 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 185 100 80 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 125 105 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 1,940 735 1,210 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 1,305 505 805 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 650 240 410 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,730 9,305 9,430 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 18,080 9,005 9,075 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 7,705 3,630 4,075 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 40 25 15 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 11,185 5,650 5,535 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 440 205 235 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 85 60 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 815 450 370 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 665 300 365 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 180 115 70 605 305 295
Karenic languages 460 200 265 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 1,390 640 750 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 1,025 475 550 1,520 730 795
Thai 485 225 260 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 45 25 25
Turkic languages 435 220 215 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 630 325 300
Turkish 310 160 150 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 30 15 15 290 135 155
Uzbek 15 0 10 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 355 170 180
Uralic languages 1,175 545 630 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 50 20 30 185 85 105
Finnish 130 55 80 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 995 475 525 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 375 245 130 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 696,475 341,620 354,855 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 615,965 301,080 314,885 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 128,635 66,000 62,640 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 487,330 235,085 252,250 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 80,510 40,540 39,965 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 696,475 341,620 354,855 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 506,430 248,520 257,915 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 176,735 85,770 90,970 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 38,230 17,605 20,625 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 16,220 8,215 8,015 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 17,930 8,620 9,310 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 52,455 25,845 26,615 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 16,005 7,820 8,185 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 36,460 18,025 18,430 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 51,890 25,485 26,405 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,310 7,335 5,970 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 176,735 85,765 90,970 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 17,950 9,050 8,895 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 33,075 16,860 16,210 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 34,980 16,190 18,790 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 76,020 36,545 39,480 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 14,710 7,115 7,595 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 176,735 85,770 90,970 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 16,295 7,720 8,580 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 395 155 240 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 535 245 295 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 1,485 800 695 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 1,065 480 590 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 75 40 35 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 1,580 730 850 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 730 365 365 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 190 85 110 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 1,410 730 675 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,130 1,910 2,225 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 4,690 2,175 2,510 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 37,060 17,840 19,225 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,020 510 505 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 875 385 485 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 470 245 225 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 4,075 1,915 2,165 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 775 420 350 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 675 345 325 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 405 180 220 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 2,515 1,290 1,225 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 1,025 545 485 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 4,360 2,020 2,345 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 3,885 1,915 1,970 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 635 320 320 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 1,980 920 1,055 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 325 170 155 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 3,680 1,720 1,965 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,935 3,305 3,635 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 3,415 1,630 1,790 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 15,930 8,310 7,615 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 105 50 50 1,340 715 625
Egypt 895 480 405 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 2,210 1,170 1,040 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 895 440 455 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 220 115 110 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 3,490 1,880 1,605 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 750 340 405 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 525 235 295 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 6,845 3,595 3,250 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 107,000 51,695 55,310 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 605 280 325 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 845 460 385 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,555 3,630 3,920 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,375 655 715 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 19,260 9,935 9,325 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,080 600 485 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 835 445 390 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 180 50 125 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,570 1,260 1,315 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 225 145 80 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 2,840 1,535 1,305 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 56,885 26,465 30,415 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 970 490 480 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 695 325 370 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 185 95 95 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 4,085 1,960 2,125 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 6,810 3,360 3,455 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 455 210 245 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 51,890 25,485 26,405 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 1,940 880 1,060 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 95 35 65 860 370 490
Colombia 80 25 55 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 55 15 40 465 215 255
Haiti 15 10 10 385 240 150
Jamaica 240 130 115 1,660 765 895
Mexico 240 125 115 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 595 295 300 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 15 25 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 570 235 340 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 3,325 1,680 1,640 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 85 35 45 425 240 180
Germany 95 50 50 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 55 40 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 130 75 55 715 365 350
Romania 65 35 30 1,100