Census Profile, 2016 Census
Yellowknife [Population centre], Northwest Territories and Northwest Territories [Territory]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Yellowknife
Northwest Territories
[Population centre]
Northwest Territories

[Territory]
Data quality , Yellowknife [Population centre], Northwest Territories  Map : Yellowknife [Population centre], Northwest Territories
Change geography 1
Data quality : Northwest Territories [Territory]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 18,884 ... ... 41,786 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 18,676 r ... ... 41,462 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.1 ... ... 0.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 7,433 ... ... 17,666 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 6,872 ... ... 14,981 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,056.2 ... ... 0.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 17.88 ... ... 1,143,793.86 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 18,890 9,515 9,370 41,785 21,280 20,510
0 to 14 years 3,780 1,935 1,850 8,875 4,475 4,395
0 to 4 years 1,365 720 640 3,120 1,605 1,515
5 to 9 years 1,265 645 620 3,015 1,520 1,495
10 to 14 years 1,150 560 590 2,740 1,350 1,385
15 to 64 years 14,030 7,010 7,020 29,690 15,090 14,600
15 to 19 years 1,125 595 530 2,715 1,405 1,310
20 to 24 years 1,370 725 650 3,065 1,635 1,430
25 to 29 years 1,605 805 805 3,465 1,755 1,710
30 to 34 years 1,760 855 905 3,385 1,670 1,720
35 to 39 years 1,660 790 875 3,215 1,565 1,650
40 to 44 years 1,425 680 750 2,825 1,365 1,460
45 to 49 years 1,380 700 675 2,880 1,485 1,400
50 to 54 years 1,490 710 775 3,200 1,620 1,575
55 to 59 years 1,295 685 610 2,825 1,480 1,345
60 to 64 years 925 470 455 2,105 1,110 1,000
65 years and over 1,070 570 500 3,220 1,715 1,510
65 to 69 years 560 300 255 1,410 785 630
70 to 74 years 260 150 115 820 450 370
75 to 79 years 125 70 55 465 230 235
80 to 84 years 65 30 35 300 155 145
85 years and over 60 20 35 225 95 130
85 to 89 years 35 10 20 150 65 80
90 to 94 years 20 10 15 55 25 35
95 to 99 years 5 5 0 20 5 10
100 years and over 0 0 0 0 0 5
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.0 20.3 19.7 21.2 21.0 21.4
15 to 64 years 74.3 73.7 74.9 71.1 70.9 71.2
65 years and over 5.7 6.0 5.3 7.7 8.1 7.4
85 years and over 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6
Average age of the population 34.6 34.5 34.7 34.9 35.1 34.8
Median age of the population 34.4 34.0 34.7 34.0 34.0 34.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 6,875 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Single-detached house 3,100 ... ... 8,625 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 375 ... ... 450 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 3,025 ... ... 5,400 ... ...
Semi-detached house 145 ... ... 975 ... ...
Row house 865 ... ... 1,595 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 300 ... ... 385 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,695 ... ... 2,375 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 60 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 370 ... ... 505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 6,875 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
1 person 1,520 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
2 persons 2,030 ... ... 4,305 ... ...
3 persons 1,365 ... ... 2,680 ... ...
4 persons 1,235 ... ... 2,425 ... ...
5 or more persons 715 ... ... 1,935 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 18,620 ... ... 41,135 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 15,105 7,585 7,520 32,910 16,800 16,110
Married or living common law 8,760 4,395 4,365 17,955 9,010 8,945
Married 6,245 3,150 3,090 11,585 5,840 5,735
Living common law 2,520 1,245 1,270 6,375 3,165 3,205
Not married and not living common law 6,340 3,190 3,150 14,955 7,790 7,165
Never married 4,885 2,640 2,245 11,840 6,570 5,270
Separated 390 160 225 800 365 435
Divorced 755 310 450 1,315 575 735
Widowed 315 85 240 1,010 280 730
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 5,085 ... ... 11,105 ... ...
2 persons 2,210 ... ... 4,835 ... ...
3 persons 1,265 ... ... 2,730 ... ...
4 persons 1,130 ... ... 2,230 ... ...
5 or more persons 480 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 5,085 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Total couple families 4,240 ... ... 8,695 ... ...
Married couples 2,980 ... ... 5,510 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,255 ... ... 3,185 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 845 ... ... 2,410 ... ...
Female parent 635 ... ... 1,790 ... ...
Male parent 205 ... ... 620 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 4,240 ... ... 8,700 ... ...
Couples without children 1,730 ... ... 3,395 ... ...
Couples with children 2,505 ... ... 5,300 ... ...
1 child 1,015 ... ... 2,105 ... ...
2 children 1,045 ... ... 1,990 ... ...
3 or more children 445 ... ... 1,205 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 845 ... ... 2,410 ... ...
1 child 480 ... ... 1,440 ... ...
2 children 245 ... ... 625 ... ...
3 or more children 115 ... ... 345 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 3,320 1,780 1,535 7,125 3,975 3,150
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 6,870 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
One-census-family households 4,705 ... ... 9,930 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,585 ... ... 3,080 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 3,120 ... ... 6,850 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 185 ... ... 565 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,980 ... ... 4,480 ... ...
One-person households 1,525 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 460 ... ... 840 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 18,725 9,445 9,280 41,375 21,055 20,325
English only 15,485 8,000 7,485 36,845 18,945 17,900
French only 55 25 30 60 30 30
English and French 3,110 1,390 1,720 4,275 1,985 2,295
Neither English nor French 75 30 40 195 90 105
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 18,725 9,445 9,280 41,375 21,050 20,325
English 17,730 8,935 8,795 39,875 20,255 19,620
French 810 425 390 1,165 625 540
English and French 110 55 55 150 85 65
Neither English nor French 70 35 40 195 90 100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 870 450 420 1,240 665 570
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.6 4.8 4.5 3.0 3.2 2.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 18,725 9,445 9,280 41,380 21,050 20,330
Single responses 18,200 9,215 8,985 40,565 20,675 19,890
Official languages 15,380 7,865 7,515 32,940 16,920 16,020
English 14,575 7,445 7,135 31,765 16,290 15,470
French 805 420 385 1,175 630 550
Non-official languages 2,820 1,350 1,470 7,625 3,755 3,875
Aboriginal languages 545 210 335 4,635 2,270 2,360
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 145 65 80
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 130 60 70
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 5 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 5 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 5 120 55 65
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Malecite 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 15 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 420 175 245 3,875 1,950 1,930
Northern Athabaskan languages 420 175 245 3,875 1,945 1,930
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 75 35 40 440 250 190
Dogrib (Tlicho) 225 105 120 1,600 820 775
Gwich'in 5 0 10 140 60 90
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 110 30 80 1,690 820 870
North Slavey (Hare) 65 15 55 745 365 380
South Slavey 15 5 10 775 375 395
Slavey, n.o.s. 25 10 10 175 80 90
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 95 25 65 600 250 350
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 20 5 15 470 210 265
Inuktitut 70 20 55 110 30 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 5
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,275 1,140 1,135 2,990 1,480 1,510
Afro-Asiatic languages 170 110 60 215 140 70
Berber languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 50 35 5 50 40 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 45 40 10 45 40 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 115 70 50 160 105 60
Amharic 20 15 10 20 10 10
Arabic 80 40 40 120 75 50
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0 5 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 20 15 5 20 15 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 145 70 80 165 75 90
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 150 70 80 160 75 85
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 720 315 400 910 380 525
Bikol 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 55 20 30 60 25 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 15 10 10
Ilocano 70 25 45 70 25 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 0 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Pangasinan 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 580 265 320 745 320 430
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 0 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Creole languages 35 20 15 40 25 15
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 10 25 15 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 15 10 5
Dravidian languages 55 30 25 60 40 25
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 20 15 5 25 15 5
Tamil 15 10 10 20 10 5
Telugu 15 5 5 15 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 740 395 350 1,045 540 500
Albanian 5 5 5 10 5 0
Armenian 45 20 25 45 25 25
Balto-Slavic languages 145 80 65 220 120 100
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 5
Slavic languages 145 80 65 220 125 100
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Bosnian 5 5 0 5 0 0
Bulgarian 5 5 5 10 5 5
Croatian 10 5 0 15 10 5
Czech 10 5 10 15 5 10
Macedonian 10 5 0 5 5 5
Polish 25 15 10 45 30 20
Russian 30 10 10 40 20 20
Serbian 10 10 5 15 10 5
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovak 15 5 5 25 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 10 5 5
Ukrainian 15 10 10 35 15 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 5 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 180 85 95 270 125 145
Afrikaans 15 5 10 20 5 15
Danish 5 5 0 5 5 0
Dutch 40 20 20 55 25 30
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 105 50 55 170 80 90
Icelandic 5 0 10 5 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 15 10 5 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 200 115 85 285 155 125
Indo-Aryan languages 170 100 70 245 140 110
Bengali 40 25 20 70 40 30
Gujarati 10 10 5 15 10 5
Hindi 25 15 10 40 20 20
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nepali 10 5 5 20 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 30 15 50 30 20
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 10 0 0
Urdu 30 20 10 45 20 25
Iranian languages 30 10 15 35 15 20
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 5 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 15 30 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 135 70 70 190 95 95
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 35 20 15 50 35 15
Portuguese 15 5 5 25 10 15
Romanian 10 0 5 10 5 5
Spanish 85 40 40 105 50 60
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 55 15 35 60 20 45
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 25 10 15 40 20 20
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 5 0 5 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 70 45 135 80 60
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 15 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 0 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5 10 10 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 5 5 0 5 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Shona 35 20 15 40 20 15
Swahili 0 5 5 5 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 50 25 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Dinka 0 5 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
American Sign Language 0 5 0 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 185 90 90 250 120 130
Chinese languages 185 90 90 250 120 125
Cantonese 90 50 45 110 55 55
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 5
Mandarin 55 25 30 60 30 30
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 15 75 40 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0 5 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 5 5 0 5 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 5 5 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 15 10 30 20 10
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 10 0 5 10 5 5
Hungarian 15 10 0 20 15 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Multiple responses 525 235 295 815 375 440
English and French 110 45 65 145 65 75
English and non-official language 395 175 220 630 285 345
French and non-official language 15 5 5 35 20 15
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 5 0 5
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 18,725 9,445 9,280 41,380 21,055 20,325
Single responses 17,880 9,045 8,825 40,290 20,550 19,740
Official languages 16,740 8,480 8,260 36,905 18,780 18,125
English 16,240 8,240 8,010 36,270 18,465 17,810
French 500 240 255 635 315 315
Non-official languages 1,135 570 565 3,385 1,765 1,620
Aboriginal languages 115 55 60 2,045 1,080 965
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 20 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 5
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 105 50 55 1,950 1,040 915
Northern Athabaskan languages 100 50 55 1,950 1,035 915
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 5 10 160 85 70
Dogrib (Tlicho) 65 35 30 1,020 550 470
Gwich'in 0 0 5 20 10 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 20 10 10 745 385 360
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 5 340 185 160
South Slavey 5 0 5 320 160 160
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 90 45 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 70 30 40
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 55 20 30
Inuktitut 5 5 5 10 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,025 520 505 1,340 685 655
Afro-Asiatic languages 100 70 35 130 90 40
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 35 35 5 35 30 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 35 35 5 35 35 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 70 40 30 95 60 35
Amharic 5 5 5 10 5 5
Arabic 50 30 25 75 45 25
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 15 10 5 15 5 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 90 40 50 105 50 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 90 45 50 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 355 170 185 455 215 235
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 10 15 20 10 15
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 15 10 5
Ilocano 20 5 10 20 5 10
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 320 155 165 400 190 215
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Dravidian languages 20 15 10 30 15 15
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 10 10 5 15 10 5
Tamil 10 0 5 5 5 5
Telugu 10 5 5 10 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 255 125 125 350 170 175
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenian 25 10 15 25 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 35 20 20 55 25 30
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40 20 20 55 25 30
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 5 0 5 5 5 0
Bulgarian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 5 5 0 10 5 5
Russian 10 5 5 20 10 10
Serbian 5 0 5 5 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovak 5 0 0 5 0 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 30 10 20 45 20 20
Afrikaans 5 5 5 10 0 5
Danish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dutch 5 0 0 5 0 5
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 15 10 10 25 15 15
Icelandic 5 0 5 0 0 5
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 115 60 50 170 90 80
Indo-Aryan languages 100 55 40 155 85 70
Bengali 20 10 10 40 25 20
Gujarati 5 5 5 10 5 5
Hindi 5 5 0 15 10 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 10 5 5 20 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 20 10 40 25 15
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Urdu 25 15 5 35 20 15
Iranian languages 15 5 10 20 5 10
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 15 5 15 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 35 20 15 45 25 30
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 0 5 5 5
Portuguese 0 0 5 5 0 5
Romanian 5 0 0 5 5 0
Spanish 25 10 10 30 15 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 45 20 25 50 20 25
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 15 5 10 20 10 10
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 15 40 20 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 5
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 20 5 10 15 5 10
Swahili 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 10 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
American Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 95 50 40 135 70 65
Chinese languages 95 50 45 135 70 65
Cantonese 50 25 20 55 30 25
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 15 20 35 15 20
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 10 5 45 25 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 845 400 450 1,090 500 585
English and French 95 45 45 125 55 70
English and non-official language 725 335 390 930 430 495
French and non-official language 5 5 0 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language 25 10 10 25 10 15
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 18,725 9,445 9,280 41,375 21,050 20,325
None 16,185 8,265 7,915 34,235 17,535 16,700
English 775 380 390 2,180 1,145 1,030
French 575 255 315 785 365 425
Non-official language 1,150 515 630 4,105 1,970 2,135
Aboriginal 365 145 220 2,995 1,440 1,555
Non-Aboriginal 785 370 410 1,110 530 580
English and French 15 5 10 15 5 5
English and non-official language 10 5 5 15 10 10
French and non-official language 30 15 20 45 25 25
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,870 7,475 7,395 32,330 16,470 15,855
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,465 7,280 7,180 31,290 15,980 15,315
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,803 75,979 60,944 50,618 54,924 46,322
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,465 7,285 7,180 31,295 15,980 15,310
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,961 63,518 52,945 45,254 48,505 41,935
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 13,745 7,010 6,740 28,515 14,760 13,750
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,091 76,466 61,730 53,324 58,388 49,104
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,100 7,075 7,025 30,555 15,590 14,965
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 943 942 1,079 948 943 1,794
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 13,180 6,735 6,445 27,150 14,125 13,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,724 75,671 61,259 53,161 57,762 48,970
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 14,910 7,485 7,430 32,325 16,470 15,855
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,495 7,305 7,190 31,265 15,995 15,275
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 75,841 83,222 68,345 64,586 70,000 58,918
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,495 7,305 7,190 31,270 15,995 15,275
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 61,837 66,801 56,796 53,344 56,951 49,567
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 13,825 7,025 6,800 28,545 14,780 13,770
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 75,761 83,485 67,775 65,472 71,244 59,277
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,135 7,130 7,010 30,535 15,630 14,900
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,668 2,958 4,390 4,924 4,259 5,622
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 13,215 6,720 6,495 27,155 14,110 13,040
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 74,228 81,807 66,386 63,796 69,117 58,040
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 14,910 7,485 7,425 32,325 16,475 15,855
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 7,520 3,970 3,550 13,570 7,190 6,375
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 88,566 92,906 83,280 86,780 91,659 81,218
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 95,744 101,648 89,140 91,177 96,979 84,636
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 95.3 96.7 93.5 92.6 94.2 90.5
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 88.4 89.3 87.3 85.3 86.5 83.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 4.7 3.3 6.5 7.4 5.8 9.5
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 14,865 7,475 7,395 32,325 16,470 15,855
Without total income 400 190 215 1,035 495 540
With total income 14,465 7,280 7,180 31,290 15,980 15,310
Percentage with total income 97.3 97.4 97.1 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,450 720 730 4,455 2,335 2,120
$10,000 to $19,999 1,090 490 605 3,655 1,750 1,910
$20,000 to $29,999 1,120 470 650 3,100 1,430 1,670
$30,000 to $39,999 1,005 455 550 2,290 1,065 1,220
$40,000 to $49,999 935 410 525 2,025 930 1,095
$50,000 to $59,999 935 445 490 1,830 895 935
$60,000 to $69,999 910 435 480 1,730 855 875
$70,000 to $79,999 920 410 510 1,620 750 870
$80,000 to $89,999 930 410 520 1,560 690 870
$90,000 to $99,999 875 435 440 1,495 735 760
$100,000 and over 4,290 2,605 1,690 7,520 4,535 2,980
$100,000 to $149,999 3,225 1,865 1,360 5,685 3,250 2,435
$150,000 and over 1,070 740 330 1,835 1,290 550
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,865 7,470 7,395 32,330 16,470 15,855
Without after-tax income 400 190 210 1,040 490 540
With after-tax income 14,460 7,280 7,180 31,290 15,980 15,310
Percentage with after-tax income 97.3 97.5 97.1 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,475 730 745 4,495 2,350 2,145
$10,000 to $19,999 1,140 515 625 3,755 1,805 1,950
$20,000 to $29,999 1,245 525 725 3,395 1,580 1,815
$30,000 to $39,999 1,215 540 670 2,710 1,245 1,465
$40,000 to $49,999 1,200 575 630 2,455 1,195 1,260
$50,000 to $59,999 1,200 580 625 2,285 1,145 1,140
$60,000 to $69,999 1,210 510 695 2,130 940 1,195
$70,000 to $79,999 1,230 615 615 2,090 1,020 1,075
$80,000 and over 4,555 2,700 1,850 7,965 4,700 3,265
$80,000 to $89,999 1,185 580 600 2,060 1,030 1,035
$90,000 to $99,999 1,110 625 485 1,930 1,080 850
$100,000 and over 2,265 1,495 765 3,970 2,595 1,380
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 14,865 7,475 7,390 32,325 16,470 15,855
Without employment income 1,685 740 945 5,180 2,350 2,830
With employment income 13,180 6,735 6,450 27,155 14,125 13,025
Percentage with employment income 88.7 90.1 87.3 84.0 85.8 82.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 900 435 465 3,295 1,675 1,615
$5,000 to $9,999 665 325 335 1,825 945 880
$10,000 to $19,999 1,030 455 570 2,625 1,255 1,370
$20,000 to $29,999 825 365 450 1,940 965 975
$30,000 to $39,999 840 390 445 1,765 850 920
$40,000 to $49,999 835 380 460 1,650 795 855
$50,000 to $59,999 840 410 430 1,520 765 755
$60,000 to $69,999 840 385 460 1,480 705 775
$70,000 to $79,999 905 395 510 1,505 685 825
$80,000 and over 5,510 3,195 2,320 9,545 5,495 4,050
$80,000 to $89,999 870 395 480 1,470 655 815
$90,000 to $99,999 810 420 390 1,385 715 670
$100,000 and over 3,825 2,375 1,450 6,685 4,120 2,565
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 6,870 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 142,490 ... ... 117,688 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 119,247 ... ... 99,664 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,525 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 84,261 ... ... 62,098 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 70,290 ... ... 53,862 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 5,350 ... ... 11,340 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 166,750 ... ... 141,399 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 139,114 ... ... 119,496 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 6,880 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 159,735 ... ... 134,794 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 130,240 ... ... 111,332 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,530 ... ... 3,640 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 88,105 ... ... 73,309 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,483 ... ... 60,172 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 5,355 ... ... 11,340 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 180,129 ... ... 154,528 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 146,968 ... ... 127,752 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 6,875 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Under $5,000 50 ... ... 145 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 45 ... ... 220 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55 ... ... 285 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 105 ... ... 405 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 120 ... ... 485 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 95 ... ... 390 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 85 ... ... 335 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 110 ... ... 385 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 95 ... ... 320 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80 ... ... 295 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 220 ... ... 615 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 220 ... ... 590 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 220 ... ... 580 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 285 ... ... 680 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 295 ... ... 590 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,800 ... ... 8,660 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 815 ... ... 1,635 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 760 ... ... 1,525 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,250 ... ... 2,260 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,970 ... ... 3,240 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 6,870 ... ... 14,980 ... ...
Under $5,000 50 ... ... 150 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 45 ... ... 220 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 55 ... ... 290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 110 ... ... 410 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 125 ... ... 510 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 95 ... ... 390 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 110 ... ... 385 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 120 ... ... 415 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 115 ... ... 370 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 105 ... ... 345 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 280 ... ... 760 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 285 ... ... 725 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 355 ... ... 855 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 425 ... ... 855 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 415 ... ... 830 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,190 ... ... 7,465 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 980 ... ... 1,970 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 830 ... ... 1,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,375 ... ... 3,955 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 4,985 ... ... 10,770 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 164,116 ... ... 138,515 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 136,890 ... ... 117,120 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,540 ... ... 2,990 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 156,002 ... ... 140,928 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 129,152 ... ... 118,323 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 2,520 ... ... 5,330 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 192,085 ... ... 166,071 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 160,288 ... ... 139,235 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 760 ... ... 2,015 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 94,720 ... ... 71,680 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,280 ... ... 64,939 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 4,990 ... ... 10,750 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 177,919 ... ... 151,967 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,714 ... ... 125,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,500 ... ... 2,960 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 173,744 ... ... 156,606 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 138,720 ... ... 126,428 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 2,540 ... ... 5,325 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 202,782 ... ... 175,858 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 165,334 ... ... 145,333 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 755 ... ... 2,005 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 97,676 ... ... 83,886 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,295 ... ... 72,465 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,860 1,580 1,280 5,695 3,240 2,460
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 63,424 62,720 64,448 55,744 53,959 57,808
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 54,797 54,195 55,936 48,923 47,588 50,611
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 2,845 1,640 1,205 5,695 3,325 2,375
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 74,276 72,445 76,779 67,699 66,575 69,271
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 61,178 59,653 63,264 56,001 54,960 57,458
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 18,615 9,385 9,230 41,135 20,905 20,230
In the bottom half of the distribution 3,730 1,845 1,885 13,210 6,735 6,475
In the bottom decile 940 495 450 3,475 1,785 1,695
In the second decile 730 345 385 2,810 1,420 1,385
In the third decile 545 275 275 2,275 1,175 1,095
In the fourth decile 690 345 345 2,225 1,145 1,085
In the fifth decile 815 380 430 2,430 1,210 1,220
In the top half of the distribution 14,890 7,545 7,345 27,925 14,170 13,755
In the sixth decile 905 465 445 2,355 1,205 1,155
In the seventh decile 1,280 655 630 3,090 1,550 1,540
In the eighth decile 1,900 945 955 3,990 2,000 1,990
In the ninth decile 3,495 1,760 1,740 6,545 3,270 3,280
In the top decile 7,300 3,720 3,580 11,940 6,145 5,790
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 0 0 0 0 0 0
65 years and over 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) ... ... ... ... ... ...
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 18,695 9,420 9,275 41,135 20,905 20,230
Official languages 18,545 9,355 9,190 40,865 20,780 20,085
English 18,500 9,340 9,170 40,815 20,765 20,055
French 3,125 1,335 1,790 4,265 1,910 2,350
Non-official languages 4,055 1,955 2,105 10,750 5,305 5,445
Aboriginal languages 815 365 450 6,535 3,235 3,295
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 250 125 115
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 210 110 95
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 210 110 95
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 15 30 10 20
Algonquin 10 0 10 10 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 10 30 15 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 680 315 365 5,405 2,720 2,690
Northern Athabaskan languages 680 315 365 5,400 2,720 2,685
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 155 65 95 630 340 285
Dogrib (Tlicho) 430 225 205 2,285 1,175 1,110
Gwich'in 15 10 10 250 115 135
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 135 35 100 2,365 1,130 1,230
North Slavey (Hare) 75 0 70 970 455 510
South Slavey 25 10 15 1,140 550 585
Slavey, n.o.s. 65 25 40 475 230 240
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 100 35 60 900 400 500
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 15 15 740 340 400
Inuktitut 65 25 40 135 50 85
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 25 15 15
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,240 1,585 1,655 4,245 2,090 2,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 135 80 285 180 105
Berber languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cushitic languages 30 20 10 30 25 15
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 30 20 10 30 20 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 175 110 65 245 150 95
Amharic 25 10 15 25 10 15
Arabic 130 90 45 195 125 65
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 0 10 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 0 0 15 10 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 210 95 115 215 100 120
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 210 90 115 215 95 120
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 925 415 510 1,120 490 630
Bikol 10 0 0 10 0 0
Cebuano 55 15 35 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ilocano 115 40 75 120 45 75
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 10 0 10 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 885 395 485 1,075 470 605
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 70 25 40 95 45 50
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 50 20 30 60 25 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 35 15 20
Dravidian languages 50 30 20 65 40 20
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 30 10 45 30 15
Tamil 0 0 0 0 10 0
Telugu 10 10 0 15 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,240 655 585 1,760 920 845
Albanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Armenian 15 10 10 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 145 85 65 245 140 110
Baltic languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavic languages 145 80 65 245 135 105
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0 0 10
Croatian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Czech 10 10 0 15 15 0
Macedonian 20 0 15 20 10 10
Polish 25 25 10 55 35 20
Russian 35 15 20 70 35 30
Serbian 10 0 0 10 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 0 0 0
Slovak 30 15 15 35 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ukrainian 10 0 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 10 10 0 0 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 10 10 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 360 175 180 475 245 230
Afrikaans 10 10 0 15 0 10
Danish 0 0 0 10 10 0
Dutch 55 30 20 60 35 25
Frisian 10 0 0 0 10 0
German 290 145 150 390 200 195
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 10 0 10 15 0 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 10 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 330 190 135 470 260 205
Indo-Aryan languages 285 170 110 415 240 175
Bengali 95 60 35 140 75 65
Gujarati 20 20 0 15 20 0
Hindi 85 50 35 130 75 55
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 10 0 0 20 10 10
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 45 25 105 60 45
Sindhi 10 10 0 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 10 10 0
Urdu 80 50 35 120 70 55
Iranian languages 45 15 25 55 20 30
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 45 20 30 55 20 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 450 225 225 625 300 320
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 70 40 25 95 55 35
Portuguese 35 25 10 55 35 20
Romanian 0 0 10 0 0 10
Spanish 375 180 195 505 230 270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Japanese 105 30 80 125 30 95
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 10
Korean 80 35 45 100 45 50
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 10 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 190 105 85 225 130 95
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 30 15 15
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 10 0 10 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 30 25 10 30 30 0
Igbo 15 10 10 15 15 10
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Shona 65 30 35 65 30 30
Swahili 0 0 10 10 10 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 0 10 15 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 55 25 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 15 10 10 40 20 20
American Sign Language 15 10 10 30 15 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 170 70 100 240 95 145
Chinese languages 170 70 100 235 95 140
Cantonese 75 40 40 100 45 55
Hakka 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mandarin 75 30 45 80 35 45
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 10 15 0 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 60 20 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0 10 10 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 0 15 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 10 10 0 10 0 10
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 20 10 10 30 20 10
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 10 10 0
Hungarian 15 10 10 20 10 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 18,700 9,425 9,275 41,135 20,905 20,230
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 17,435 8,795 8,635 39,585 20,145 19,435
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,315 2,200 2,115 10,235 5,130 5,105
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 13,115 6,595 6,525 29,345 15,020 14,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,260 620 635 1,555 755 790
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 18,695 9,420 9,275 41,135 20,905 20,230
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 15,685 7,880 7,805 37,140 18,865 18,275
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,765 1,405 1,360 3,690 1,875 1,815
Before 1981 485 255 225 705 390 315
1981 to 1990 300 150 145 410 205 205
1991 to 2000 465 275 190 620 355 265
2001 to 2010 830 395 440 1,135 530 610
2001 to 2005 385 195 190 510 260 255
2006 to 2010 445 200 245 625 270 355
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 685 325 355 815 400 420
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 245 140 105 310 170 145
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,765 1,405 1,360 3,690 1,875 1,815
Under 5 years 275 150 125 370 195 175
5 to 14 years 500 295 215 660 385 275
15 to 24 years 545 280 270 730 385 345
25 to 44 years 1,185 545 635 1,600 740 860
45 years and over 255 135 125 335 175 160
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,765 1,405 1,360 3,685 1,875 1,815
Americas 275 125 155 450 205 245
Brazil 10 0 0 10 10 10
Colombia 10 0 10 15 10 10
El Salvador 20 10 10 25 10 10
Guyana 0 0 0 10 0 0
Haiti 10 0 10 10 0 0
Jamaica 60 25 40 80 35 45
Mexico 0 0 10 20 10 15
Peru 10 0 0 10 10 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 10 10 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 115 60 55 220 110 110
Other places of birth in Americas 40 15 25 60 25 30
Europe 525 310 215 770 455 315
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 0 0 0
Croatia 10 10 0 15 15 0
France 15 15 0 35 30 10
Germany 95 55 45 130 75 55
Greece 10 0 0 10 10 0
Hungary 0 10 0 10 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 15 0 15 15 0
Italy 30 25 0 40 35 10
Netherlands 25 20 10 35 25 10
Poland 0 0 0 20 15 0
Portugal 0 0 0 0 10 0
Romania 10 0 10 10 0 0
Russian Federation 10 10 0 15 10 10
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 10 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 0 0 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 235 110 120 320 155 165
Other places of birth in Europe 65 40 30 100 55 45
Africa 380 210 165 480 280 205
Algeria 10 10 0 10 10 10
Egypt 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ethiopia 30 10 15 30 20 15
Kenya 0 0 0 10 0 0
Morocco 15 10 10 25 15 15
Nigeria 20 20 0 35 25 10
Somalia 20 20 10 25 20 0
South Africa, Republic of 35 15 15 40 20 20
Other places of birth in Africa 245 130 115 305 170 130
Asia 1,560 750 815 1,955 920 1,035
Afghanistan 0 10 0 10 0 0
Bangladesh 60 35 25 95 55 45
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 80 40 35 105 55 55
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 25 15 10 35 20 15
India 145 95 45 185 120 60
IranCensus data footnote 61 30 15 15 35 15 20
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 55 10 50 65 15 55
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 65 30 30 75 35 35
Lebanon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pakistan 45 20 20 70 35 35
Philippines 775 355 425 955 420 535
Sri Lanka 10 0 10 10 10 10
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 10 10 0 10
Viet Nam 170 75 95 175 75 95
Other places of birth in Asia 80 35 50 120 50 70
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 20 10 10 40 20 20
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 685 330 355 820 395 420
Americas 50 10 35 70 25 45
Brazil 0 0 10 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jamaica 30 0 25 40 15 25
Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 0 10 10 15 10 10
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 10 0 10
Europe 45 25 20 70 45 25
France 10 0 0 10 10 0
Germany 10 0 0 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56