Census Profile, 2016 Census
Abbotsford [Population centre], British Columbia and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Abbotsford
British Columbia
[Population centre]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Abbotsford [Population centre], British Columbia  Map : Abbotsford [Population centre], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 121,279 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 115,011 r ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.4 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 45,281 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,007 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,770.5 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 68.50 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 121,285 59,325 61,955 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 22,020 11,320 10,705 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 7,190 3,675 3,510 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 7,590 3,890 3,700 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 7,240 3,750 3,490 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 78,125 38,535 39,585 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 7,520 3,870 3,655 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 7,905 4,045 3,860 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 8,115 4,050 4,065 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 8,460 4,170 4,290 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 7,855 3,850 4,000 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 7,545 3,640 3,905 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 7,725 3,770 3,950 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 7,770 3,890 3,875 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 7,930 3,810 4,120 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 7,295 3,430 3,865 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 21,140 9,475 11,670 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 6,665 3,050 3,615 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 4,865 2,335 2,530 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 3,660 1,665 1,995 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 2,775 1,275 1,500 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 3,175 1,140 2,030 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 1,925 760 1,165 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 950 305 645 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 265 75 185 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 40 10 30 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.2 19.1 17.3 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 64.4 65.0 63.9 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 17.4 16.0 18.8 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.6 1.9 3.3 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 40.2 39.1 41.2 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 39.2 37.8 40.5 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,010 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 14,970 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,000 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 26,810 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,250 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 4,040 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,170 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,290 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 225 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,005 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 10,895 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 13,615 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 5,970 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 6,095 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,435 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 118,650 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 99,265 48,010 51,255 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 59,585 29,885 29,700 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 53,600 26,915 26,685 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 5,985 2,975 3,015 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 39,680 18,125 21,555 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 24,705 13,310 11,395 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 2,825 1,210 1,615 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 6,095 2,320 3,770 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 6,060 1,280 4,775 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,630 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 16,270 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 6,755 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 7,175 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,440 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,630 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 28,585 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 25,590 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,995 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,050 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 4,030 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 1,015 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,585 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 13,355 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 15,230 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 5,225 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 6,730 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 3,280 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,050 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 2,915 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 1,525 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 605 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,770 8,515 10,255 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,010 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 27,765 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,905 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,860 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,765 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,475 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 10,895 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,585 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 119,265 58,220 61,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 106,635 52,685 53,955 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 30 15 15 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 5,425 2,390 3,030 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 7,175 3,135 4,045 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 119,265 58,220 61,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 110,920 54,510 56,415 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 840 425 415 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 405 190 215 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 7,100 3,095 4,005 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,045 520 525 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 0.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 119,265 58,220 61,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 116,245 56,755 59,490 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 76,610 37,570 39,045 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 75,710 37,115 38,590 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 900 455 450 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 39,635 19,185 20,450 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 0 0 0 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 0 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 5 0 5 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,610 19,175 20,435 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 375 205 170 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 5 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 5 5 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 10 5 0 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 5 5 5 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 5 0 0 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 365 195 170 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 0 0 0 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 325 175 150 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 15 10 10 960 505 460
Maltese 5 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 5 0 0 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 685 295 390 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 15 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 660 285 375 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 960 375 585 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 10 5 5 425 205 225
Cebuano 45 20 30 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 20 10 5 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 50 25 25 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 40 15 25 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 765 370 390
Pangasinan 0 0 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 780 300 475 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 980 430 550
Creole languages 50 25 20 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 15 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 110 55 55 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 0 5 0 535 270 265
Malayalam 60 30 30 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 20 10 10 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 30 15 15 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 33,920 16,550 17,370 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 55 25 25 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 30 15 10 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 1,155 540 615 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 10 5 5 1,010 475 535
Latvian 5 0 5 415 195 220
Lithuanian 5 5 0 600 285 315
Slavic languages 1,145 535 610 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 5 5 5 65 30 30
Bosnian 40 15 25 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 25 10 15 1,545 790 755
Croatian 45 25 20 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 70 35 35 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 0 5 0 360 185 175
Polish 250 115 140 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 395 175 220 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 40 25 15 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 10 970 480 485
Slovak 40 15 20 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 5 695 320 370
Ukrainian 205 100 105 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 215 120 100
Celtic languages 10 5 0 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 135 70 65
Welsh 5 0 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,290 2,365 2,930 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 105 50 55 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 105 55 50 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 1,010 465 550 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 25 15 15 360 200 160
German 3,920 1,725 2,195 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 10 5 5 115 55 60
Norwegian 40 15 25 815 370 445
Swedish 45 20 30 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 55 30 25
Greek 50 30 20 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 25,735 12,780 12,955 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 25,480 12,640 12,840 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 15 10 10 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 70 35 30 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 545 255 290 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 5 5 0 105 60 50
Konkani 5 5 5 370 190 185
Marathi 10 5 5 1,510 775 730
Nepali 10 5 10 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 24,625 12,215 12,410 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 10 5 0 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 170 90 80 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 235 130 110 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 55 30 20 1,550 845 705
Pashto 0 5 0 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 185 100 85 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 1,595 790 805 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 150 80 75 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 165 80 85 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 200 105 95 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 1,070 520 550 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 20 15
Japanese 150 55 95 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 1,080 500 585 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 545 255 290
Mongolian 5 0 0 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 100 50 50 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 5 0 0 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 5 280 145 135
Igbo 0 0 0 1,165 625 540
Lingala 0 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 5 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 805 405 400
Shona 0 0 0 1,100 545 555
Swahili 30 15 20 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 20 10 10 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 10 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 10 10 5 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 40 25 15 830 440 390
American Sign Language 15 10 5 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,515 735 780 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 1,515 730 780 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 485 255 225 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 20 10 5 990 465 530
Mandarin 880 405 480 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 25 25 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 30 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 5 5 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 210 100 115 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 175 90 85 1,020 485 535
Thai 40 15 25 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 35 25 10 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 365 215 155
Turkish 30 20 10 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 215 95 120
Uralic languages 330 155 170 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 15 5 5 190 90 105
Finnish 85 35 50 810 330 480
Hungarian 225 115 110 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 690 415 280
Multiple responses 3,020 1,465 1,555 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 180 75 100 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 2,745 1,340 1,405 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 50 20 30 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 40 25 15 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 119,265 58,220 61,045 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 111,855 54,535 57,315 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 87,050 42,370 44,680 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 86,880 42,285 44,595 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 165 85 80 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 24,805 12,165 12,640 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,805 12,165 12,640 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 215 105 110 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 0 0 0 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 220 105 115 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 0 0 0 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 205 95 105 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 5 5 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 450 195 255 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 960 460 500
Vietnamese 445 190 255 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 340 160 185 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 5 0 5 70 40 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 5 5 5 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 470 215 255
Ilocano 15 5 5 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 5 0 5 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 285 135 150 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 10 10 10 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 55 25 30 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 30 10 15 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 15 5 10 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 15 5 5 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 21,565 10,635 10,930 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 20 10 10 1,060 570 485
Armenian 10 5 10 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 435 205 235 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 5 0 5 410 210 200
Latvian 5 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 430 205 230 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 15 5 10 785 400 385
Bulgarian 5 5 5 825 415 405
Croatian 10 5 0 1,800 905 895
Czech 5 5 5 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 85 40 45 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 245 110 130 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 10 5 5 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 315 160 155
Slovak 10 5 5 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 150 70 75
Ukrainian 40 25 20 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 720 320 400 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 60 25 35 1,705 835 875
Danish 5 0 5 150 75 75
Dutch 55 20 30 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 595 265 325 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 5 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 5 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 15 10 5 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 19,665 9,735 9,930 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 19,525 9,660 9,865 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 10 5 5 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 25 10 10 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 255 125 130 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 5 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 5 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 10 5 5 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,120 9,460 9,660 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 5 0 0 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 1,480 750 730
Urdu 100 50 50 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 135 65 65 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 30 15 15 850 440 410
Pashto 0 0 0 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 100 50 50 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 695 345 345 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 20 10 10 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 40 20 20 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 105 55 55 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 520 260 255 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 70 35 35 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 5 0 160 85 70
Korean 870 385 485 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 0 0 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 5 0 0 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 0 0 0 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 1,525 765 755
Dinka 15 10 5 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 725 350 375
Sign languages 45 25 25 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 15 10 5 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 940 480 455 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 940 485 460 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 270 145 125 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 10 0 5 315 135 185
Mandarin 615 315 300 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 15 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 105 60 50 1,130 505 625
Lao 90 45 45 465 215 245
Thai 20 10 5 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 15 15 5 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 15 15 5 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 55 30 30 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 15 10 10 105 50 50
Hungarian 45 20 20 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 140 95
Multiple responses 7,410 3,685 3,725 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 110 50 65 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 7,195 3,600 3,605 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 10 10 5 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 85 30 60 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 119,265 58,220 61,045 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 103,295 50,380 52,910 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 7,625 3,870 3,755 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 790 340 445 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 7,370 3,535 3,835 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 10 5 5 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 7,360 3,530 3,830 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 30 15 20 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 80 40 40 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 70 35 35 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 96,670 46,695 49,980 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,810 44,885 47,925 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,161 37,640 23,634 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,915 44,985 47,935 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,751 33,229 22,658 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,710 40,620 41,090 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,708 37,483 20,530 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,715 28,550 39,165 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,790 4,064 6,519 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,225 35,945 34,280 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,331 37,761 21,236 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 96,585 46,710 49,880 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,630 44,800 47,830 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,110 47,209 31,525 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,725 44,890 47,840 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,595 39,397 28,151 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,500 40,350 41,160 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,006 47,194 28,998 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,470 28,400 39,065 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,784 7,419 8,049 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,135 35,730 34,400 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,284 45,745 28,496 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 96,590 46,710 49,880 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 28,540 17,095 11,445 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,398 56,075 42,156 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,560 62,813 47,216 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.5 90.1 79.0 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.6 77.8 65.2 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.5 9.9 21.0 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 96,675 46,695 49,975 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 3,865 1,810 2,055 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 92,810 44,885 47,925 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,780 5,650 8,130 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 19,215 7,190 12,020 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 14,420 5,635 8,785 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 11,385 5,150 6,235 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 9,090 4,605 4,485 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 6,910 4,025 2,885 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 4,950 3,225 1,725 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 3,790 2,540 1,250 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 2,905 1,985 925 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 1,825 1,285 540 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 4,540 3,590 945 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 3,390 2,660 730 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 1,150 930 215 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 96,670 46,695 49,980 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 3,760 1,715 2,040 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 92,915 44,980 47,935 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 95.9 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,215 5,915 8,300 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 20,255 7,800 12,455 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 16,770 6,770 10,000 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 12,900 6,120 6,785 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 9,705 5,280 4,425 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 6,630 4,215 2,410 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 4,580 3,090 1,490 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 3,080 2,120 955 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 4,775 3,670 1,105 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 1,805 1,330 470 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 990 765 225 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 1,980 1,575 405 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 96,675 46,700 49,975 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 26,450 10,750 15,695 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 70,225 35,945 34,285 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 72.6 77.0 68.6 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,315 4,620 5,695 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 6,390 2,340 4,045 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 10,955 4,295 6,660 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 8,845 3,825 5,020 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 7,615 3,665 3,945 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 6,725 3,585 3,135 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 5,160 3,180 1,980 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 3,790 2,575 1,215 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 3,025 2,125 900 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 7,405 5,720 1,680 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 2,410 1,715 695 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 1,515 1,100 415 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 3,480 2,905 570 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,005 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,822 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,756 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,895 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,539 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,473 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,115 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,431 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,454 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 42,990 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,275 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,466 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,900 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,587 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,066 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,085 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,115 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,170 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,005 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 665 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 465 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,145 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,695 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,890 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,635 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,905 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,870 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,790 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,865 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,400 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,230 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,105 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,790 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,545 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,010 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,890 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,140 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,100 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,885 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,010 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 695 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 470 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,155 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,750 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,140 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,990 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,255 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,125 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,195 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,065 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,990 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,665 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,435 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,995 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,530 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,545 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,295 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,480 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,770 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,115 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,725 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,806 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,755 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,603 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,329 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,055 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,050 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,548 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,325 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,882 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,084 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,100 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,245 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,350 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,775 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,157 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,267 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,010 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,201 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,258 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,270 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,677 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,524 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,275 7,110 8,165 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,252 33,664 26,287 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,950 30,144 24,893 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,260 7,305 7,955 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,166 40,941 33,700 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,223 34,607 30,032 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 118,650 57,995 60,660 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 65,530 31,045 34,485 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 10,865 5,020 5,845 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 12,545 5,555 6,990 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 13,070 6,200 6,875 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 15,010 7,355 7,655 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 14,035 6,920 7,115 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 53,120 26,945 26,180 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 13,130 6,575 6,555 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 12,305 6,200 6,105 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 11,005 5,595 5,410 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 9,715 4,950 4,765 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 6,965 3,625 3,345 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 118,650 57,995 60,660 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 26,385 13,535 12,850 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 8,685 4,445 4,240 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 72,670 35,500 37,170 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 19,590 8,955 10,635 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,100 7,225 8,875 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 4,355 2,295 2,060 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 1,410 750 655 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 8,815 3,865 4,955 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 2,925 1,065 1,865 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.6 12.5 14.6 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 17.0 16.0 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 16.2 16.9 15.4 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 10.9 13.3 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 14.9 11.9 17.5 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,060 4,230 4,830 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 2,330 1,225 1,110 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 690 365 325 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 6,030 2,745 3,285 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 700 255 445 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.6 7.3 8.0 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 8.8 9.1 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 7.9 8.2 7.7 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 7.7 8.8 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 3.6 2.8 4.2 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 118,475 57,960 60,510 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 111,510 54,935 56,575 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 111,460 54,915 56,545 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 5,575 2,415 3,160 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 46,235 22,525 23,715 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 40 20 20 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 15 10 10 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 10 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 10 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 46,205 22,505 23,700 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 700 395 310 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 10 10 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 10 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 0 0 10 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 0 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 10 0 0 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 690 390 300 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 10 0 0 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 595 340 255 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 30 15 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 40 20 20 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 15 10 10 145 85 55
Tigrigna 10 10 10 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 685 335 350 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 40 20 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 635 295 335 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 1,285 480 815 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 75 10 65 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 15 10 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 20 10 15 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 35 10 25 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 75 40 30 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,165 410 750 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 85 45 35 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 20 0 15 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 55 30 25 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 185 80 105 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 10 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 80 35 45 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 90 45 45 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 40 15 25 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 39,200 19,305 19,890 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 85 45 35 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 65 35 25 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 1,425 660 760 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 10 10 0 1,360 660 705
Latvian 10 10 10 590 300 290
Lithuanian 0 0 0 775 360 415
Slavic languages 1,415 650 760 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 10 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 95 45 50 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 45 20 25 1,795 945 850
Croatian 90 40 50 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 80 45 40 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 290 125 165 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 580 265 315 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 75 40 30 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 45 25 20 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 0 735 360 375
Ukrainian 280 120 160 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 250 120 130
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 10 440 215 225
Welsh 0 0 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 450 220 225
Germanic languages 5,825 2,700 3,130 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 220 100 120 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 135 70 70 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 1,200 570 630 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 25 25 10 475 275 205
German 4,225 1,955 2,275 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 10 0 10 160 70 95
Norwegian 40 25 15 1,450 635 810
Swedish 60 30 30 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 105 60 50 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 29,275 14,650 14,625 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 29,090 14,555 14,540 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 25 20 10 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 130 80 55 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 3,685 1,805 1,880 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 10 125 80 45
Konkani 0 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 25 15 10 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 15 10 10 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 28,150 14,070 14,085 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 10 10 0 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 40 20 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 370 220 150 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 200 110 90 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 60 40 25 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 0 10 0 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 140 75 70 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 3,005 1,470 1,535 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 350 185 175 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 285 150 135 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 260 120 140 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 2,220 1,080 1,140 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 250 130 125
Japanese 400 185 215 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 225 130 100
Georgian 10 10 0 230 130 100
Korean 1,260 565 690 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 10 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 230 110 125 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 10 10 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 0 0 0 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 10 0 10 345 190 155
Ganda 10 0 10 610 305 305
Igbo 0 0 0 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 0 0 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 0 0 0 1,810 850 960
Swahili 110 55 55 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 40 10 30 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 20 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 20 10 10 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 290 115 180 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 180 70 110 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 115 40 70 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,730 825 900 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 1,730 825 905 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 655 310 340 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 20 10 10 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 1,215 555 655 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 10 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 35 15 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 375 200 175 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 305 165 145 1,520 730 795
Thai 100 45 55 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 45 25 25
Turkic languages 65 40 25 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 630 325 300
Turkish 55 35 20 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 290 135 155 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 15 0 10 185 85 105
Finnish 75 35 45 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 195 95 95 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 118,475 57,960 60,510 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 106,325 52,140 54,190 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,210 13,055 12,150 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 81,120 39,080 42,035 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 12,150 5,820 6,330 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 118,475 57,965 60,510 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 83,130 41,040 42,090 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 33,390 15,975 17,415 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 7,760 3,755 4,010 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 3,525 1,670 1,850 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 7,230 3,500 3,735 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 9,820 4,640 5,185 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 4,635 2,185 2,450 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 5,185 2,455 2,735 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,050 2,415 2,635 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,960 950 1,010 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 33,385 15,970 17,415 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 2,335 1,185 1,150 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 4,395 2,330 2,065 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 9,585 4,140 5,440 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 11,245 5,720 5,525 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 5,820 2,590 3,230 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 33,390 15,975 17,415 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 3,055 1,305 1,745 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 160 80 75 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 100 40 60 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 235 105 130 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 15 10 0 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 40 25 15 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 70 45 25 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 145 70 75 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 25 10 10 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 45 25 20 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,160 415 745 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 1,055 470 585 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 6,355 3,115 3,240 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 25 35 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 20 15 0 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 55 20 35 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 720 385 340 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 45 25 25 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 110 65 45 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 15 60 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 120 65 60 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 920 450 470 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 295 120 175 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 25 10 20 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 210 95 115 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 310 130 180 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 15 15 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 370 170 200 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,170 1,125 1,050 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 825 395 430 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 870 435 435 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 0 0 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 35 20 15 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 15 10 0 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 105 55 55 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 25 15 0 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 50 25 20 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 0 0 0 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 280 135 150 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 350 175 180 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 22,670 10,885 11,780 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 15 10 10 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 0 0 0 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 560 250 310 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 105 50 60 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 17,910 8,720 9,195 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 85 50 30 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 130 80 60 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 120 50 65 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 725 345 385 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 30 25 10 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 195 95 100 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 1,105 380 725 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 70 45 30 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 105 45 60 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 140 70 65 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 475 210 265 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 890 465 420 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 440 230 205 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,050 2,415 2,635 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 305 125 175 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 0 0 0 860 370 490
Colombia 10 0 10 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 10 0 0 465 215 255
Haiti 0 0 0 385 240 150
Jamaica 35 25 15 1,660 765 895
Mexico 40 15 20 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 45 65 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 90 35 55 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 250 135 115 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 0 0 0 425 240 180
Germany 15 0 10 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 715 365 350
Romania 30 10 25 1,100 545 555