Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 698,800 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 891,305 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 36,005 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 3,969,790 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 4,834,605 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 2,140,640 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 1,946,275 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 5,007,790 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 2,107,830 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 1,909,935 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 815,170 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 8,227,925 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 6,474,005 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 1,262,340 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 350,465 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 4,024,305 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 4,203,615 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 1,650,165 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 1,783,080 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 770,375 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 983,485 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 457,670 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 171,655 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 3,969,790 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 1,110 530 580
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 315 135 180
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 220 105 115
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 5 5 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 0 0 0
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 15 10 5
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 0 0 0
Malecite 305 140 160 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 70 25 40
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 5 0 5
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 40 15 20
Chilcotin 660 295 360 25 15 10
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 5
Sekani 90 45 45 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 5 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 5 0 5
Haida 75 35 40 10 10 5
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 5 0 0
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 5 0 0
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 5 0 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 5 5 0
Michif 465 230 235 10 0 5
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 140 65 70
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 35 25 15
Lillooet 315 155 155 10 5 5
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 10 5 0
Squamish 40 20 20 20 5 10
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 40 20 25
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 25 10 10
Dakota 1,215 570 635 20 5 15
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 45 20 25
Nisga'a 400 200 200 25 15 15
Tsimshian 200 90 110 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 55 25 35
Haisla 90 40 50 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 95 55 35
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 1,355 675 680
Bilen 805 455 350 5 0 0
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 165 95 75
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 10 5 5
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 1,140 560 585
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 440 240 195
Harari 1,320 635 685 25 10 15
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 80 40 40
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 310 140 170
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 745 400 345 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 15 0 10
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 635 290 345
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 830 360 470
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 225 115 110
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 1,750 905 845
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 1,090 560 530
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 645 280 370
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 320 145 175
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 325 130 200
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 810 385 430 60 30 30
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 1,725 805 915
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 250 120 135
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 1,145 545 600
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 545 250 290
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 180 90 90
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 125 65 60
Welsh 1,075 495 575 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 65 40 25
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 1,435 730 705
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 80 30 50
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 155 70 80
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 835 410 430
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 200 105 95
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 25 20 15
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 565 300 265 40 25 15
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 225 110 110
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 535 280 255
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 1,455 730 725
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 1,650 875 780
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 865 440 425 125 65 55
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 60 40 25
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 65 40 25
Georgian 1,715 910 805 65 40 25
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 340 145 200
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 405 220 180
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 10 10 5
Edo 1,670 770 900 80 45 30
Ewe 1,760 950 805 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 20 10 5
Ga 920 445 470 35 15 15
Ganda 1,295 625 665 65 35 30
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 160 90 65
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 105 45 55
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 150 70 85
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 585 285 295
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 30 10 20
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 265 135 135
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 190 85 100
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 620 330 295
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 770 370 400
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 800 405 400
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 20 10 10
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 495 275 225
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 165 80 85
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 165 70 95
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 455 195 260
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 365 200 170
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 25 10 10
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 15 5 10
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 0 0 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 10 5 5
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 5 0 5
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 0 5 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 5 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 10 5 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 10 5 5
Dakota 255 140 120 10 10 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 5 5 5
Nisga'a 70 40 30 5 5 5
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 5 0 5
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 40 20 20
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 695 315 380
Bilen 620 330 285 0 0 0
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 80 40 35
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 5 5 5
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 535 250 290
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 305 160 145
Harari 735 335 400 10 5 5
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 785 400 385
Maltese 1,130 525 605 5 5 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 620 290 330
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 290 140 155 70 30 35
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 1,085 485 600
Fijian 195 105 90 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 355 150 205
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 435 220 210 5 5 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 135 65 75
Pangasinan 240 110 135 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 260 130 130
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 1,630 825 800 95 45 50
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 885 450 435
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 1,935 965 965
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 530 255 270
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 160 75 90
Latvian 1,255 530 725 65 30 35
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 90 45 50
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 230 105 120 10 5 5
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 540 270 270
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 925 425 495
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 1,795 840 955
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 120 60 60
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 435 205 235
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 60 25 35
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 25 10 15
Celtic languages 360 205 155 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 15 5 5
Welsh 95 50 45 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 5 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 520 250 265
Danish 855 410 445 180 90 90
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 685 325 365
Frisian 185 95 90 5 5 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 270 120 150 50 25 30
Norwegian 345 145 200 75 35 35
Swedish 1,045 500 545 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 20 15 5
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 5 5 0
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 135 70 70 5 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 40 15 15
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 245 125 120
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 595 290 305
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 1,025 515 505
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 355 165 190 60 30 35
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 10 5 10
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 15 10 10
Georgian 1,035 565 475 15 10 10
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 160 80 85
Mongolian 910 435 470 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 125 70 55
Bamanankan 340 180 160 5 5 5
Edo 415 175 240 15 5 5
Ewe 410 185 225 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 0 0 0
Ga 250 105 140 5 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 5 5 5
Igbo 1,000 485 510 35 20 15
Lingala 1,045 455 590 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 45 15 30
Shona 1,035 475 560 40 15 20
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 155 60 90
Wolof 1,380 745 635 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 105 50 55
Dinka 1,130 580 550 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 60 20 40
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 830 460 370
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 670 280 390
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 345 150 195 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 1,630 820 810
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 685 350 335
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 685 335 350
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 1,015 435 580
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 335 160 175
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 5 5 5
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 185 95 90
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 610 315 290 100 50 50
Uzbek 990 505 490 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 40 15 25
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 975 365 610 75 30 45
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 435 190 240
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 965 435 530
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 228,790 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 959,285 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 243,780 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 485 200 290
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 310 145 165
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 0 0 10
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 20 10 20
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 20 10 0
Malecite 755 370 390 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 140 40 100
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 15 10 10
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 10 10 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 50 10 40
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 10 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 10 10 0
Haida 465 205 260 60 35 30
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 10 10 0
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 0 10 10
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 10 10 0
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 30 15 15
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 535 215 330
Comox 185 75 110 20 0 15
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 150 60 90
Lillooet 790 405 385 20 15 10
Okanagan 820 370 450 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 10 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 225 100 125
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 60 20 45
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 30 15 20
Dakota 1,760 870 890 15 10 10
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 10 10 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 55 15 40
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 65 35 35
Tsimshian 410 180 235 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 100 45 55
Haisla 175 65 110 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 125 80 45
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 1,085 625 470 15 0 15
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 190 110 80
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 10 0 10
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 1,755 905 855
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 545 270 275
Harari 1,710 855 860 55 35 20
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 165 90 80
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 495 205 285
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 1,660 955 705 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 10 0 0
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 775 350 430
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 445 210 235
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 1,135 580 555
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 635 310 325
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 310 175 140
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 325 135 185
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 205 95 110
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 345 180 160
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 1,240 595 645
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 725 330 400
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 250 120 125
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 350 225 120
Welsh 1,690 830 860 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 685 370 320
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 120 55 65
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 215 110 100
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 1,405 730 680
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 220 125 100
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 75 40 30
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 905 490 420 45 25 20
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 375 185 190
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 1,275 650 625
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 245 125 120
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 220 130 85
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 90 50 40
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 90 50 45
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 320 155 170
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 495 280 215
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 20 10 10
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 115 65 55
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 45 10 35
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 95 60 35
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 105 60 45
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 240 140 95
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 210 95 115
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 265 125 140
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 30 15 15
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 300 150 150
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 250 120 135
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 905 455 450
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 1,125 505 620
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 10 10 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 835 455 385
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 105 50 55
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 225 125 105
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 495 205 295
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 920 415 500
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 265 110 160
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 430 270 150
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 1,665 835 825
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 730 385 340
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 1,205 630 575
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 51,955 26,030 25,930 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 58,735 29,875 28,865 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 649,260 290,800 358,460 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 208,940 98,020 110,915 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 668,565 334,030 334,540 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 154,425 77,970 76,455 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 68,485 34,785 33,705 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 27,240 7,955 19,285 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 123,305 57,170 66,140 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 88,745 47,295 41,450 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 202,260 103,225 99,035 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 588,305 247,095 341,210 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 131,995 64,825 67,170 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 52,960 26,595 26,365 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 63,770 28,170 35,605 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 169,250 78,000 91,250 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 320,965 158,150 162,815 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 57,030 28,210 28,825 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,212,075 582,180 629,895 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 152,595 72,870 79,720 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 8,500 4,000 4,490 960 445 520
Colombia 15,300 6,885 8,415 465 220 240
Cuba 5,370 2,545 2,820 70 35 30
Haiti 19,985 9,160 10,830 15 0 10
Jamaica 12,495 6,680 5,820 160 115 45
Mexico 18,660 9,090 9,575 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 33,060 16,480 16,580 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 6,425 2,990 3,435 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 32,790 15,040 17,750 1,855 875 975
Europe 140,030 70,995 69,035 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 24,150 13,000 11,150 790 415 370
Germany 6,300 3,255 3,045 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 5,660 3,540