Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728 ... ... 934,243 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688 ... ... 883,391 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443 ... ... 395,985 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079 ... ... 373,756 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9 ... ... 334.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85 ... ... 2,790.30 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 934,245 453,875 480,365
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 155,680 79,185 76,490
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 48,870 24,800 24,070
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 53,715 27,365 26,350
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 53,095 27,020 26,075
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 634,425 310,390 324,035
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 57,190 28,990 28,200
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 68,645 34,575 34,070
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 63,695 31,675 32,025
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 61,670 30,105 31,565
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 59,575 28,330 31,250
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 62,710 29,880 32,830
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 65,960 31,980 33,980
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 73,210 36,005 37,210
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 66,765 32,370 34,395
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 54,990 26,475 28,510
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 144,140 64,300 79,840
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 48,130 22,870 25,265
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 33,875 15,790 18,085
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 24,600 11,135 13,465
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 17,950 7,765 10,185
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 19,580 6,740 12,840
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 11,720 4,480 7,245
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 5,995 1,845 4,145
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 1,640 385 1,255
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 225 30 200
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 16.7 17.4 15.9
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 67.9 68.4 67.5
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 15.4 14.2 16.6
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.1 1.5 2.7
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 40.1 39.2 41.0
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 40.1 39.0 41.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495 ... ... 158,235 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040 ... ... 68,645 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795 ... ... 146,085 ... ...
Semi-detached house 698,800 ... ... 20,140 ... ...
Row house 891,305 ... ... 79,340 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300 ... ... 7,055 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390 ... ... 39,095 ... ...
Other single-attached house 36,005 ... ... 465 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755 ... ... 800 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
1 person 3,969,790 ... ... 105,750 ... ...
2 persons 4,834,605 ... ... 124,280 ... ...
3 persons 2,140,640 ... ... 58,010 ... ...
4 persons 1,946,275 ... ... 55,215 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770 ... ... 30,500 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060 ... ... 916,860 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 778,565 374,690 403,875
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 437,500 218,705 218,795
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 366,365 182,795 183,565
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 71,130 35,910 35,225
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 341,065 155,985 185,080
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 236,315 123,415 112,895
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 21,015 8,500 12,520
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 46,000 16,540 29,460
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 37,730 7,535 30,200
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730 ... ... 254,770 ... ...
2 persons 5,007,790 ... ... 123,855 ... ...
3 persons 2,107,830 ... ... 54,635 ... ...
4 persons 1,909,935 ... ... 53,395 ... ...
5 or more persons 815,170 ... ... 22,885 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730 ... ... 254,765 ... ...
Total couple families 8,227,925 ... ... 213,535 ... ...
Married couples 6,474,005 ... ... 177,990 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920 ... ... 35,545 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805 ... ... 41,230 ... ...
Female parent 1,262,340 ... ... 32,860 ... ...
Male parent 350,465 ... ... 8,375 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925 ... ... 213,535 ... ...
Couples without children 4,024,305 ... ... 99,685 ... ...
Couples with children 4,203,615 ... ... 113,855 ... ...
1 child 1,650,165 ... ... 42,565 ... ...
2 children 1,783,080 ... ... 49,890 ... ...
3 or more children 770,375 ... ... 21,390 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805 ... ... 41,235 ... ...
1 child 983,485 ... ... 24,170 ... ...
2 children 457,670 ... ... 12,065 ... ...
3 or more children 171,655 ... ... 4,995 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 168,745 78,365 90,380
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225 ... ... 243,070 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095 ... ... 94,935 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135 ... ... 148,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715 ... ... 5,755 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135 ... ... 124,935 ... ...
One-person households 3,969,790 ... ... 105,750 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350 ... ... 19,185 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 923,375 449,335 474,040
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 549,395 279,175 270,220
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 12,680 5,075 7,610
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 347,510 159,620 187,890
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 13,790 5,465 8,320
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 923,370 449,335 474,035
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 749,725 370,365 379,360
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 138,900 63,600 75,300
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 21,300 10,070 11,230
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 13,445 5,295 8,150
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 149,550 68,635 80,915
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 16.2 15.3 17.1
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 923,375 449,330 474,040
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 889,715 433,335 456,385
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 689,300 338,895 350,405
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 562,070 280,205 281,870
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 127,225 58,690 68,530
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 200,420 94,440 105,975
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 650 245 405
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 280 115 165
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 155 70 85
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 5
Moose Cree 100 50 55 5 5 5
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 20 15 5
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 25 10 15
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 75 35 40
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 20 5 10
Malecite 305 140 160 5 5 0
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 15 10 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 105 35 65
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 25 10 15
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 70 25 45
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 10 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 0 0 0
Gwich'in 260 110 145 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 0 0 0
South Slavey 945 455 495 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 0 0 0
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 330 110 215
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 5 0 0
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 295 95 200
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 30 15 15
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 25 10 15
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 20 10 15
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 5 0 5
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 5 0 5
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 5 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 199,765 94,195 105,575
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 44,350 22,200 22,150
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 375 195 180
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 250 130 120
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 130 65 60
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 6,660 2,870 3,785
Bilen 805 455 350 50 25 25
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 215 120 95
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 6,300 2,680 3,615
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 90 40 50
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 37,255 19,100 18,160
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 1,455 680 770
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 34,295 17,670 16,625
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 75 35 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 10 5 5
Harari 1,320 635 685 60 30 30
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 355 190 160
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 30 10 20
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 905 440 460
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 75 35 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 7,045 3,225 3,815
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 1,100 485 610
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 5,930 2,735 3,195
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 10 5 10
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 7,785 2,835 4,950
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 30 15 15
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 370 120 245
Fijian 745 400 345 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 110 35 75
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 575 225 345
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 55 25 25
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 395 160 235
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 25 10 15
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 6,035 2,170 3,865
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 45 15 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 120 40 75
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 4,175 1,745 2,435
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 290 130 160
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 3,705 1,535 2,170
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 180 85 95
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 3,805 1,965 1,840
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 225 115 105
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 660 345 315
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 2,415 1,230 1,185
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 485 270 220
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 20 15 10
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 87,105 41,440 45,665
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 660 325 335
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 465 235 230
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 20,270 9,080 11,190
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 455 200 260
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 250 110 140
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 210 85 125
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 19,815 8,885 10,930
Belarusan 810 385 430 40 20 20
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 600 275 325
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 845 390 455
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 1,005 460 540
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 915 405 505
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 65 25 40
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 5,525 2,485 3,035
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 6,150 2,680 3,470
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 1,705 810 890
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 515 255 260
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 570 260 315
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 210 85 125
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 1,630 695 935
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 35 20 15
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 110 50 60
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 45 25 20
Welsh 1,075 495 575 50 15 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 20 10 10
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 8,680 3,980 4,705
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 160 80 85
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 295 135 165
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 2,215 1,060 1,150
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 40 20 20
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 5,275 2,345 2,930
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 20 10 10
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 135 60 75
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 275 140 135
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 75 35 45
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 175 95 75
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 15 5 10
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 2,110 1,105 1,005
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 26,965 13,585 13,375
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 18,345 9,255 9,085
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 3,255 1,615 1,645
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 1,470 760 710
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 2,875 1,470 1,400
Kashmiri 565 300 265 20 10 10
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 105 55 50
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 290 150 140
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 925 440 485
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 40 20 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 3,880 1,995 1,885
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 270 120 145
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 810 395 420
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 4,410 2,220 2,180
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 8,530 4,280 4,250
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 655 335 315
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 1,025 520 510
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 6,850 3,420 3,430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 95 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 27,840 13,070 14,770
Catalan 865 440 425 30 15 15
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 9,030 4,470 4,560
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 4,205 1,970 2,240
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 2,560 1,165 1,400
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 11,985 5,445 6,540
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 25 10 10
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 990 300 685
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 35 15 20
Georgian 1,715 910 805 30 15 25
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 2,065 875 1,185
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 35 15 15
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 5,380 2,360 3,020
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 355 175 180
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 75 30 50
Edo 1,670 770 900 35 20 20
Ewe 1,760 950 805 75 30 50
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 100 45 55
Ga 920 445 470 60 30 30
Ganda 1,295 625 665 125 55 65
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 180 90 95
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 320 120 205
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 840 360 475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 650 235 420
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 110 40 70
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 1,100 485 615
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 80 35 45
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 240 125 110
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 1,030 485 545
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 305 140 165
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 90 45 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 220 95 120
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 220 105 120
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 75 30 50
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 140 75 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 31,945 14,835 17,105
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 31,130 14,445 16,690
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 10,160 4,775 5,380
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 155 65 90
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 18,575 8,565 10,010
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 50 25 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 725 315 410
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 445 205 240
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 1,010 485 520
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 20 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 815 395 420
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 225 120 110
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 325 155 165
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 95 50 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 170 75 95
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 690 245 445
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 345 155 190
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 345 90 255
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 5 5 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 1,645 835 815
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 120 70 55
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 1,390 705 685
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 10 5 5
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 65 30 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 60 30 35
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 2,055 965 1,085
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 150 70 80
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 300 120 185
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 1,595 775 825
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 140 85 60
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 33,660 16,000 17,655
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 12,295 5,825 6,475
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 15,135 7,340 7,795
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 3,815 1,730 2,085
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 2,415 1,110 1,300
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 923,370 449,335 474,040
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 866,210 422,345 443,870
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 766,810 375,540 391,270
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 680,895 336,595 344,305
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 85,910 38,945 46,965
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 99,400 46,805 52,600
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 210 90 125
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 70 35 40
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 55 20 35
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 5 0 5
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 5 5 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 5 5 10
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 5 5 5
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 30 15 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 0 0 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 15 5 5
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 15 10 5
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 0 5 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 0 0 0
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 0 0 0
South Slavey 370 190 185 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 130 55 75
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 5
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 120 45 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 5 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 0 0 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 99,190 46,715 52,480
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 24,665 11,855 12,810
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 220 110 115
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 180 85 95
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 40 20 15
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 3,860 1,580 2,275
Bilen 620 330 285 30 15 10
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 130 70 60
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 3,645 1,475 2,165
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 60 20 35
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 20,580 10,165 10,415
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 845 400 445
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 19,105 9,455 9,645
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 40 15 20
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 20 5 10
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 135 80 60
Maltese 1,130 525 605 5 0 5
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 415 195 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 25 15 15
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 4,140 1,895 2,245
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 460 200 265
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 3,680 1,700 1,980
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 5 5 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 3,335 1,395 1,940
Bikol 290 140 155 5 5 0
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 125 55 70
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 40 15 25
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 230 105 120
Malagasy 435 220 210 10 10 10
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 120 50 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 5 5 5
Pangasinan 240 110 135 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 2,745 1,130 1,615
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 40 20 20
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 1,825 745 1,080
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 155 70 90
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 1,605 645 960
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 1,845 915 935
Kannada 1,630 825 800 75 45 35
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 280 150 135
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 1,285 615 665
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 195 105 90
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 37,270 17,645 19,625
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 295 140 155
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 205 95 110
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 8,925 4,195 4,730
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 105 45 60
Latvian 1,255 530 725 55 25 35
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 45 25 25
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 8,815 4,150 4,670
Belarusan 230 105 120 20 10 10
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 305 150 150
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 400 190 210
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 330 150 180
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 205 100 110
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 15 10 5
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 1,995 915 1,075
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 3,625 1,690 1,935
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 1,005 500 505
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 200 105 95
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 195 90 105
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 25 10 15
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 505 230 275
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 5 5 0
Celtic languages 360 205 155 10 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 5 5 5
Welsh 95 50 45 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 915 415 495
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 35 20 20
Danish 855 410 445 25 10 10
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 145 70 80
Frisian 185 95 90 0 0 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 625 275 355
Icelandic 270 120 150 0 0 0
Norwegian 345 145 200 10 5 10
Swedish 1,045 500 545 55 35 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 0 0 0
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 0 0 0
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 625 300 325
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 14,665 7,155 7,510
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 9,590 4,740 4,850
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 1,945 940 1,010
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 605 310 300
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 1,285 650 635
Kashmiri 135 70 70 5 5 0
Konkani 720 355 370 35 15 20
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 110 50 60
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 730 360 375
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 15 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 2,190 1,105 1,085
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 65 30 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 390 190 195
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 2,215 1,090 1,125
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 5,055 2,400 2,655
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 370 195 175
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 645 310 335
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 4,040 1,895 2,140
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 25 15 10
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 11,635 5,340 6,295
Catalan 355 165 190 15 5 10
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 2,500 1,110 1,390
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 1,850 870 980
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 1,190 555 635
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 6,070 2,795 3,270
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 5 0 5
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 385 140 250
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 5 5 5
Georgian 1,035 565 475 5 5 5
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 1,140 530 615
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 15 10 5
Mongolian 910 435 470 15 10 5
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 1,480 660 820
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 125 60 65
Bamanankan 340 180 160 10 5 10
Edo 415 175 240 0 0 0
Ewe 410 185 225 20 5 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 25 15 15
Ga 250 105 140 15 5 5
Ganda 345 160 185 30 10 20
Igbo 1,000 485 510 55 25 25
Lingala 1,045 455 590 65 20 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 265 135 135
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 230 80 150
Shona 1,035 475 560 20 10 10
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 380 175 210
Wolof 1,380 745 635 30 15 15
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 55 30 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 150 70 80
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 80 35 40
Dinka 1,130 580 550 25 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 50 20 30
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 305 165 145
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 105 50 60
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 10 5 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 195 115 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 21,045 9,955 11,090
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 20,465 9,680 10,790
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 5,840 2,685 3,155
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 50 15 30
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 13,455 6,435 7,020
Min Dong 345 150 195 15 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 280 115 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 250 120 130
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 575 300 275
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 580 275 305
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 145 65 80
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 250 120 130
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 70 35 35
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 115 50 65
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 260 100 160
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 165 70 95
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 95 30 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 855 415 440
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 50 25 30
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 745 360 380
Uyghur 610 315 290 5 5 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 35 15 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 20 15 5
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 500 240 265
Estonian 975 365 610 20 10 15
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 35 15 20
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 445 210 230
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 35 20 15
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 57,160 26,990 30,170
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 12,480 5,755 6,725
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 36,690 17,710 18,980
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 3,305 1,395 1,910
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 4,685 2,130 2,560
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 923,375 449,335 474,040
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 705,915 348,065 357,855
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 80,960 38,220 42,740
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 59,935 27,450 32,490
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 67,655 31,565 36,095
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 405 150 255
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 67,250 31,410 35,840
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 2,595 1,220 1,380
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 2,415 1,125 1,290
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 3,800 1,645 2,150
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 90 50 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 761,420 367,460 393,960
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 728,270 351,485 376,785
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 41,857 48,479 36,936
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 728,540 351,520 377,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 37,136 42,234 33,174
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 663,315 324,730 338,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 41,826 48,921 35,935
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 502,905 222,930 279,975
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 3,215 1,434 4,358
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 546,025 274,960 271,070
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 40,955 46,070 36,746
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 761,420 367,450 393,975
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 728,080 351,205 376,880
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 54,605 62,746 47,019
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 728,355 351,210 377,145
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 44,428 50,106 39,141
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 663,600 324,535 339,060
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 54,792 63,743 46,224
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 502,790 222,910 279,885
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 6,757 6,055 7,317
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 546,025 274,445 271,580
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 53,088 60,456 45,642
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 761,420 367,450 393,975
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 279,480 150,600 128,880
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 65,546 70,955 60,631
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 75,111 82,331 66,674
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 91.4 93.9 88.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 72.8 75.0 70.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 8.6 6.1 11.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 761,420 367,460 393,960
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 33,150 15,980 17,170
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 728,270 351,485 376,785
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 99,195 45,455 53,740
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 107,875 44,780 63,090
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 78,010 32,865 45,140
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 66,630 28,950 37,675
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 63,305 27,810 35,495
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 58,005 26,620 31,385
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 51,605 25,385 26,225
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 42,025 21,880 20,145
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 36,815 19,760 17,050
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 32,270 17,200 15,075
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 92,535 60,775 31,760
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 65,295 41,095 24,205
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 27,240 19,685 7,560
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 761,420 367,460 393,955
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 32,880 15,940 16,940
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 728,535 351,520 377,015
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 95.7 95.7 95.7
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 103,495 46,300 57,195
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 112,260 46,980 65,280
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 89,985 38,505 51,480
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 81,965 35,855 46,105
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 78,235 35,230 43,000
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 68,435 33,495 34,940
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 54,560 29,055 25,505
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 45,775 24,715 21,060
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 93,825 61,380 32,440
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 32,630 19,255 13,375
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 19,260 12,495 6,760
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 41,935 29,630 12,310
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 761,420 367,465 393,960
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 215,395 92,505 122,890
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 546,025 274,960 271,065
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 71.7 74.8 68.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 67,195 32,655 34,540
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 40,580 18,300 22,280
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 65,320 29,700 35,620
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 50,625 23,530 27,095
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 44,810 21,210 23,595
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 43,030 19,575 23,460
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 40,775 18,705 22,070
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 36,550 17,765 18,790
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 29,655 15,370 14,285
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 127,485 78,160 49,330
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 29,530 15,440 14,090
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 26,485 14,205 12,280
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 71,475 48,515 22,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080 ... ... 373,760 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336 ... ... 85,981 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348 ... ... 73,745 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790 ... ... 105,750 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174 ... ... 47,369 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446 ... ... 41,026 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290 ... ... 268,010 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249 ... ... 107,064 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419 ... ... 91,248 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764 ... ... 106,372 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171 ... ... 86,579 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765 ... ... 105,745 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799 ... ... 56,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685 ... ... 46,078 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315 ... ... 268,010 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813 ... ... 126,013 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890 ... ... 102,559 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
Under $5,000 228,790 ... ... 6,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315 ... ... 4,900 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575 ... ... 9,095 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940 ... ... 11,445 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800 ... ... 10,405 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710 ... ... 10,920 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480 ... ... 11,170 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600 ... ... 11,660 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110 ... ... 12,120 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325 ... ... 12,150 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345 ... ... 24,805 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415 ... ... 24,765 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320 ... ... 23,225 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765 ... ... 22,580 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655 ... ... 21,430 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920 ... ... 156,845 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255 ... ... 43,800 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245 ... ... 32,760 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140 ... ... 42,310 ... ...
$200,000 and over 959,285 ... ... 37,975 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075 ... ... 373,755 ... ...
Under $5,000 243,780 ... ... 6,610 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865 ... ... 4,970 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680 ... ... 9,220 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660 ... ... 11,915 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740 ... ... 11,650 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225 ... ... 12,395 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825 ... ... 13,340 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675 ... ... 14,530 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180 ... ... 15,340 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695 ... ... 15,625 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680 ... ... 31,215 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515 ... ... 29,345 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635 ... ... 28,265 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055 ... ... 25,850 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295 ... ... 22,545 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575 ... ... 120,940 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945 ... ... 43,895 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540 ... ... 30,505 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090 ... ... 46,545 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845 ... ... 253,415 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306 ... ... 109,083 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372 ... ... 92,624 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220 ... ... 92,815 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976 ... ... 102,233 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309 ... ... 86,602 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140 ... ... 114,325 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465 ... ... 137,926 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608 ... ... 115,637 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410 ... ... 38,755 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193 ... ... 62,761 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856 ... ... 56,633 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855 ... ... 253,440 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235 ... ... 128,219 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040 ... ... 104,030 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400 ... ... 92,930 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086 ... ... 121,150 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296 ... ... 97,430 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855 ... ... 114,320 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094 ... ... 154,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307 ... ... 124,814 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190 ... ... 38,635 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549 ... ... 72,479 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687 ... ... 62,341 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 148,795 70,365 78,425
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 38,585 37,101 39,770
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 34,525 33,178 35,479
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 148,300 69,825 78,475
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 48,967 48,862 49,060
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 40,421 40,027 40,772
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 916,860 446,515 470,340
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 351,750 167,740 184,005
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 87,465 42,945 44,520
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 68,570 31,900 36,670
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 61,285 28,950 32,335
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 63,425 30,120 33,310
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 71,000 33,825 37,170
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 565,110 278,780 286,330
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 80,420 38,470 41,950
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 92,480 44,845 47,635
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 110,280 54,300 55,985
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 136,925 67,895 69,035
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 145,005 73,275 71,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 916,855 446,520 470,340
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 187,695 95,500 92,200
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 59,200 30,145 29,055
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 596,800 290,300 306,500
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 132,355 60,715 71,640
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 115,180 54,575 60,605
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 30,100 15,575 14,530
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 10,150 5,285 4,865
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 72,620 34,105 38,515
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 12,455 4,895 7,565
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 12.6 12.2 12.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 16.0 16.3 15.8
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.1 17.5 16.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 12.2 11.7 12.6
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 9.4 8.1 10.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 98,915 48,130 50,785
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 22,685 11,680 11,005
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 7,780 4,065 3,710
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 68,040 33,345 34,695
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 8,190 3,105 5,085
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 10.8 10.8 10.8
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 12.1 12.2 11.9
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 13.1 13.5 12.8
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 11.4 11.5 11.3
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 6.2 5.1 7.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 916,860 446,515 470,340
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 903,135 441,100 462,040
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 890,735 436,340 454,390
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 358,165 163,500 194,670
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 276,220 129,510 146,705
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 1,135 430 710
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 490 195 290
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 210 80 125
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 10 0 0
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 20 10 10
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 30 15 15
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 10 10 0
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 55 15 35
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 15 10 10
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 85 35 50
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 30 15 15
Malecite 755 370 390 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 20 10 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 260 100 160
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 45 25 25
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 195 70 125
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 10 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 15 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 15 0 15
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 0
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 15 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 0 0 0
Gwich'in 360 165 200 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 0 0 0
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 585 220 365
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 10 0 10
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 530 200 325
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 45 20 30
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 55 15 40
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 55 15 35
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 0 0 0
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 0 0 0
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 0 0 0
Dakota 1,760 870 890 0 0 0
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0 0 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 10 0 10
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 10 0 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 275,145 129,115 146,035
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 61,550 30,865 30,680
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 540 285 260
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 420 220 195
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 120 65 60
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 9,300 4,165 5,140
Bilen 1,085 625 470 90 55 35
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 380 170 210
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 8,770 3,900 4,870
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 135 50 85
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 52,710 26,895 25,815
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 1,980 945 1,040
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 48,135 24,675 23,460
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 80 30 50
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 0 0 0
Harari 1,710 855 860 40 25 15
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 1,865 1,010 855
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 65 25 40
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 1,175 490 680
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 240 150 90
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 135 65 75
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 8,690 4,100 4,590
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 1,525 680 845
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 7,215 3,440 3,770
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 10,155 3,770 6,390
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 25 10 20
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 565 210 355
Fijian 1,660 955 705 10 0 10
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 165 55 110
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 705 300 405
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 105 55 45
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 615 270 345
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 65 20 40
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 55 20 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 9,095 3,300 5,795
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 35 0 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 110 50 60
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 9,360 3,920 5,440
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 450 165 280
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 8,325 3,490 4,835
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 630 275 350
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 5,060 2,555 2,505
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 465 235 235
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 835 375 460
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 3,330 1,700 1,630
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 795 420 375
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 30 20 10
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 130,605 61,380 69,225
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 785 385 410
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 665 350 315
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 24,530 11,210 13,325
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 530 225 305
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 260 105 155
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 270 120 150
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 24,095 11,010 13,080
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 125 60 60
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 1,025 470 555
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 1,050 490 560
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 1,830 905 930
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 1,315 570 750
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 95 35 65
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 6,530 2,970 3,560
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 9,135 4,205 4,925
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 2,080 1,015 1,065
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 560 290 270
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 910 380 530
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 265 120 140
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 2,290 960 1,330
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 50 10 40
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 395 190 205
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 150 80 75
Welsh 1,690 830 860 85 30 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 155 85 70
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 16,750 7,935 8,810
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 405 200 205
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 425 195 235
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 2,855 1,330 1,520
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 55 15 35
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 12,205 5,800 6,400
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 45 20 20
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 345 145 200
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 605 295 310
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 80 40 40
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 355 185 175
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 25 15 10
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 3,090 1,545 1,545
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 35,320 17,915 17,410
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 25,805 13,125 12,675
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 4,250 2,180 2,070
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 2,275 1,220 1,050
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 10,335 5,355 4,980
Kashmiri 905 490 420 10 10 10
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 140 75 65
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 565 310 255
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 1,275 640 635
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 75 45 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 6,235 3,220 3,015
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 495 220 280
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 1,065 485 580
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 7,175 3,600 3,570
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 10,040 5,075 4,965
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 755 395 355
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 1,400 755 645
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 8,665 4,340 4,325
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 200 120 80
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 54,440 24,435 30,005
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 80 30 45
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 15,500 7,400 8,105
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 6,120 2,990 3,125
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 2,880 1,345 1,535
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 33,075 14,180 18,890
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 105 65 40
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 2,510 1,185 1,325
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 40 15 20
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 40 15 25
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 2,580 1,090 1,490
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 40 20 20
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 40 25 20
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 10,520 4,640 5,880
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 630 330 300
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 155 70 85
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 95 40 60
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 205 80 125
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 165 70 95
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 165 85 80
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 215 65 145
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 300 165 135
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 1,720 720 1,000
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 1,530 615 915
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 970 360 615
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 175 60 115
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 3,040 1,325 1,715
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 200 110 95
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 755 400 355
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 2,265 1,035 1,230
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 325 140 185
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 190 85 105
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 135 55 80
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 1,630 655 975
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 875 305 570
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 75 15 55
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 715 350 365
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 36,395 17,190 19,210
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 35,510 16,765 18,745
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 12,700 6,015 6,685
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 265 125 140
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 24,495 11,310 13,185
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 40 20 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 1,035 465 565
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 415 205 215
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 1,010 535 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 25 15 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 925 440 480
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 305 145 160
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 365 185 180
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 50 30 25
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 365 150 205
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 1,005 410 600
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 460 200 255
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 610 230 385
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 2,405 1,195 1,210
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 140 80 60
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 2,070 1,035 1,040
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 45 25 15
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 80 20 60
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 125 65 60
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 2,585 1,255 1,330
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 245 115 130
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 480 220 260
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 1,875 925 950
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 380 250 130
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 916,860 446,515 470,340
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 854,535 416,865 437,670
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 177,960 90,535 87,430
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 676,580 326,330 350,245
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 62,320 29,650 32,670
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 916,855 446,515 470,340
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 685,260 337,490 347,770
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 216,505 101,235 115,265
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 53,740 25,720 28,015
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 29,670 14,195 15,475
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 49,685 22,510 27,170
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 53,335 24,515 28,820
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 25,185 11,520 13,660
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 28,155 12,990 15,160
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 30,075 14,300 15,775
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 15,090 7,795 7,305
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 216,505 101,235 115,265
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 23,760 11,745 12,015
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 38,625 19,575 19,050
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 45,510 20,400 25,110
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 90,080 41,305 48,780
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 18,530 8,210 10,315
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 216,505 101,235 115,270
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 32,755 14,265 18,490
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 990 445 545
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 1,270 485 780
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 1,710 790 920
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 1,375 635 735
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 6,320 2,615 3,710
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 2,985 1,280 1,710
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 1,290 540 755
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 820 365 455
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 1,260 495 765
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 8,245 3,695 4,545
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 6,490 2,920 3,575
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 55,430 26,405 29,030
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 1,610 780 830
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 800 385 420
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 2,270 1,010 1,265
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 3,885 1,645 2,245
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 910 475 430
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 825 425 405
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 810 360 445
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 5,410 2,800 2,610
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 1,890 925 960
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 4,170 1,855 2,305
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 1,965 995 970
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 2,400 1,135 1,265
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 2,860 1,230 1,635
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 870 410 465
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 1,770 840 930
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 15,765 7,910 7,860
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 7,210 3,215 3,995
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 30,340 13,940 16,400
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 1,025 485 545
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 3,420 1,785 1,630
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 2,215 1,020 1,195
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 1,065 540 525
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 1,230 570 660
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 1,260 575 685
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 3,895 1,495 2,405
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 850 435 415
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870 15,375 7,035 8,345
Asia 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175 97,170 46,205 50,965
Afghanistan 51,955 26,030 25,930 2,400 1,215 1,180
Bangladesh 58,735 29,875 28,865 2,655 1,380 1,275
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 649,260 290,800 358,460 17,405 7,575 9,830
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 208,940 98,020 110,915 3,015 1,510 1,505
India 668,565 334,030 334,540 10,495 5,275 5,220
IranCensus data footnote 61 154,425 77,970 76,455 4,395 2,190 2,210
Iraq 68,485 34,785 33,705 3,540 1,885 1,650
Japan 27,240 7,955 19,285 730 175 550
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 123,305 57,170 66,140 1,690 750 945
Lebanon 88,745 47,295 41,450 10,995 5,745 5,250
Pakistan 202,260 103,225 99,035 3,830 1,915 1,915
Philippines 588,305 247,095 341,210 8,865 3,345 5,520
Sri Lanka 131,995 64,825 67,170 2,330 1,105 1,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 52,960 26,595 26,365 3,125 1,595 1,530
Taiwan 63,770 28,170 35,605 835 365 470
Viet Nam 169,250 78,000 91,250 5,600 2,570 3,035
Other places of birth in Asia 320,965 158,150 162,815 15,275 7,625 7,650
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 57,030 28,210 28,825 805 425 385
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,212,075 582,180 629,895 30,075 14,295 15,780
Americas 152,595 72,870 79,720 4,060 1,830 2,225
Brazil 8,500 4,000 4,490 135 75 65
Colombia 15,300 6,885 8,415 190 80 110
Cuba 5,370 2,545 2,820 130 65 60
Haiti 19,985 9,160 10,830 1,290 550 740
Jamaica 12,495 6,680 5,820 115 65 50
Mexico 18,660 9,090 9,575 245 100 145
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 33,060 16,480 16,580 1,135 570 570
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 6,425 2,990 3,435 120 35 85
Other places of birth in Americas 32,790 15,040 17,750 695 290 400
Europe 140,030 70,995 69,035 2,565 1,255 1,315
France 24,150 13,000 11,150 285 155 130
Germany 6,300 3,255 3,045 155 75 90
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 5,660 3,540 2,120 70 45 25
Moldova