Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Hustalen 1, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Hustalen 1, IRI
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Hustalen 1, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728 ... ... 31 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688 ... ... 26 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 19.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443 ... ... 44 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079 ... ... 10 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9 ... ... 3.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85 ... ... 9.14 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 x x x
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 x x x
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 x x x
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 x x x
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 x x x
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 x x x
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 x x x
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 x x x
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 x x x
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 x x x
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 x x x
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 x x x
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 x x x
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 x x x
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 x x x
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 x x x
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 x x x
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 x x x
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 x x x
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 x x x
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 x x x
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 x x x
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 x x x
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 x x x
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 x x x
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 x x x
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 x x x
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 x x x
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 x x x
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 x x x
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 x x x
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 x x x
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 x x x
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080 ... ... x ... ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040 ... ... x ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795 ... ... x ... ...
Semi-detached house 698,800 ... ... x ... ...
Row house 891,305 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390 ... ... x ... ...
Other single-attached house 36,005 ... ... x ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080 ... ... x ... ...
1 person 3,969,790 ... ... x ... ...
2 persons 4,834,605 ... ... x ... ...
3 persons 2,140,640 ... ... x ... ...
4 persons 1,946,275 ... ... x ... ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770 ... ... x ... ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060 ... ... x ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... x ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 x x x
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 x x x
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 x x x
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 x x x
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 x x x
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 x x x
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 x x x
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 x x x
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 x x x
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730 ... ... x ... ...
2 persons 5,007,790 ... ... x ... ...
3 persons 2,107,830 ... ... x ... ...
4 persons 1,909,935 ... ... x ... ...
5 or more persons 815,170 ... ... x ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... x ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730 ... ... x ... ...
Total couple families 8,227,925 ... ... x ... ...
Married couples 6,474,005 ... ... x ... ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920 ... ... x ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805 ... ... x ... ...
Female parent 1,262,340 ... ... x ... ...
Male parent 350,465 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925 ... ... x ... ...
Couples without children 4,024,305 ... ... x ... ...
Couples with children 4,203,615 ... ... x ... ...
1 child 1,650,165 ... ... x ... ...
2 children 1,783,080 ... ... x ... ...
3 or more children 770,375 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805 ... ... x ... ...
1 child 983,485 ... ... x ... ...
2 children 457,670 ... ... x ... ...
3 or more children 171,655 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 x x x
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075 ... ... x ... ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225 ... ... x ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095 ... ... x ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135 ... ... x ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715 ... ... x ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135 ... ... x ... ...
One-person households 3,969,790 ... ... x ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350 ... ... x ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 x x x
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 x x x
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 x x x
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 x x x
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 x x x
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 x x x
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 x x x
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 x x x
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 x x x
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 x x x
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 x x x
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 x x x
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 x x x
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 x x x
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 x x x
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 x x x
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 x x x
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 x x x
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 x x x
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 x x x
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 x x x
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 x x x
Moose Cree 100 50 55 x x x
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 x x x
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 x x x
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 x x x
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 x x x
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 x x x
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 x x x
Malecite 305 140 160 x x x
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 x x x
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 x x x
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 x x x
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 x x x
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 x x x
Beaver 190 85 105 x x x
Carrier 1,025 465 565 x x x
Chilcotin 660 295 360 x x x
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 x x x
Gwich'in 260 110 145 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 x x x
Sekani 90 45 45 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 x x x
South Slavey 945 455 495 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 x x x
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 x x x
Tahltan 95 40 50 x x x
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 x x x
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 x x x
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 x x x
Haida 75 35 40 x x x
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 x x x
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 x x x
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 x x x
Cayuga 45 20 20 x x x
Mohawk 980 430 555 x x x
Oneida 55 20 40 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 x x x
Kutenai 105 55 55 x x x
Michif 465 230 235 x x x
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 x x x
Comox 80 45 40 x x x
Halkomelem 475 225 245 x x x
Lillooet 315 155 155 x x x
Okanagan 270 135 135 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 x x x
Squamish 40 20 20 x x x
Straits 80 40 40 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 x x x
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 x x x
Dakota 1,215 570 635 x x x
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 x x x
Tlingit 95 40 55 x x x
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 x x x
Nisga'a 400 200 200 x x x
Tsimshian 200 90 110 x x x
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 x x x
Haisla 90 40 50 x x x
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 x x x
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 x x x
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 x x x
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 x x x
Bilen 805 455 350 x x x
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 x x x
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 x x x
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 x x x
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 x x x
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 x x x
Harari 1,320 635 685 x x x
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 x x x
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 x x x
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 x x x
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 x x x
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 x x x
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 x x x
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 x x x
Fijian 745 400 345 x x x
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 x x x
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 x x x
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 x x x
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 x x x
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 x x x
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 x x x
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 x x x
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 x x x
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 x x x
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 x x x
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 x x x
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 x x x
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 x x x
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 x x x
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 x x x
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 x x x
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 x x x
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 x x x
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 x x x
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 x x x
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 x x x
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 x x x
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 x x x
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 x x x
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 x x x
Belarusan 810 385 430 x x x
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 x x x
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 x x x
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 x x x
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 x x x
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 x x x
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 x x x
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 x x x
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 x x x
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 x x x
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 x x x
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 x x x
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 x x x
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 x x x
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 x x x
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 x x x
Welsh 1,075 495 575 x x x
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 x x x
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 x x x
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 x x x
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 x x x
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 x x x
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 x x x
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 x x x
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 x x x
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 x x x
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 x x x
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 x x x
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 x x x
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 x x x
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 x x x
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 x x x
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 x x x
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 x x x
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 x x x
Kashmiri 565 300 265 x x x
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 x x x
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 x x x
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 x x x
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 x x x
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 x x x
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 x x x
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 x x x
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 x x x
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 x x x
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 x x x
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 x x x
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 x x x
Catalan 865 440 425 x x x
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 x x x
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 x x x
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 x x x
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 x x x
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 x x x
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 x x x
Georgian 1,715 910 805 x x x
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 x x x
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 x x x
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 x x x
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 x x x
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 x x x
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 x x x
Edo 1,670 770 900 x x x
Ewe 1,760 950 805 x x x
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 x x x
Ga 920 445 470 x x x
Ganda 1,295 625 665 x x x
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 x x x
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 x x x
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 x x x
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 x x x
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 x x x
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 x x x
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 x x x
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 x x x
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 x x x
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 x x x
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 x x x
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 x x x
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 x x x
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 x x x
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 x x x
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 x x x
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 x x x
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 x x x
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 x x x
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 x x x
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 x x x
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 x x x
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 x x x
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 x x x
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 x x x
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 x x x
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 x x x
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 x x x
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 x x x
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 x x x
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 x x x
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 x x x
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 x x x
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 x x x
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 x x x
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 x x x
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 x x x
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 x x x
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 x x x
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 x x x
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 x x x
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 x x x
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 x x x
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 x x x
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 x x x
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 x x x
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 x x x
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 x x x
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 x x x
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 x x x
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 x x x
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 x x x
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 x x x
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 x x x
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 x x x
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 x x x
Moose Cree 10 5 5 x x x
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 x x x
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 x x x
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 x x x
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 x x x
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 x x x
Woods Cree 800 410 390 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 x x x
Malecite 55 30 30 x x x
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 x x x
Algonquin 370 170 200 x x x
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 x x x
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 x x x
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 x x x
Beaver 50 30 20 x x x
Carrier 245 115 130 x x x
Chilcotin 255 125 130 x x x
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 x x x
Gwich'in 45 25 25 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 x x x
Sekani 15 10 5 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 x x x
South Slavey 370 190 185 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 x x x
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 x x x
Tahltan 0 5 5 x x x
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 x x x
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 x x x
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 x x x
Haida 10 5 0 x x x
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 x x x
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 x x x
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 x x x
Cayuga 10 0 5 x x x
Mohawk 255 115 140 x x x
Oneida 15 5 10 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 x x x
Kutenai 15 10 5 x x x
Michif 85 40 45 x x x
Salish languages 285 130 150 x x x
Comox 0 0 0 x x x
Halkomelem 45 20 25 x x x
Lillooet 25 15 10 x x x
Okanagan 85 35 45 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 x x x
Squamish 5 0 5 x x x
Straits 20 10 15 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 x x x
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 x x x
Dakota 255 140 120 x x x
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 x x x
Tlingit 5 0 0 x x x
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 x x x
Nisga'a 70 40 30 x x x
Tsimshian 25 15 15 x x x
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 x x x
Haisla 20 10 15 x x x
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 x x x
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 x x x
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 x x x
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 x x x
Bilen 620 330 285 x x x
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 x x x
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 x x x
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 x x x
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 x x x
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 x x x
Harari 735 335 400 x x x
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 x x x
Maltese 1,130 525 605 x x x
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 x x x
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 x x x
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 x x x
Bikol 290 140 155 x x x
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 x x x
Fijian 195 105 90 x x x
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 x x x
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 x x x
Malagasy 435 220 210 x x x
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 x x x
Pangasinan 240 110 135 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 x x x
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 x x x
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 x x x
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 x x x
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 x x x
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 x x x
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 x x x
Kannada 1,630 825 800 x x x
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 x x x
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 x x x
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 x x x
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 x x x
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 x x x
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 x x x
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 x x x
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 x x x
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 x x x
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 x x x
Latvian 1,255 530 725 x x x
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 x x x
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 x x x
Belarusan 230 105 120 x x x
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 x x x
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 x x x
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 x x x
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 x x x
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 x x x
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 x x x
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 x x x
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 x x x
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 x x x
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 x x x
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 x x x
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 x x x
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 x x x
Celtic languages 360 205 155 x x x
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 x x x
Welsh 95 50 45 x x x
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 x x x
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 x x x
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 x x x
Danish 855 410 445 x x x
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 x x x
Frisian 185 95 90 x x x
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 x x x
Icelandic 270 120 150 x x x
Norwegian 345 145 200 x x x
Swedish 1,045 500 545 x x x
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 x x x
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 x x x
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 x x x
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 x x x
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 x x x
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 x x x
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 x x x
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 x x x
Kashmiri 135 70 70 x x x
Konkani 720 355 370 x x x
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 x x x
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 x x x
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 x x x
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 x x x
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 x x x
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 x x x
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 x x x
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 x x x
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 x x x
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 x x x
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 x x x
Catalan 355 165 190 x x x
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 x x x
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 x x x
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 x x x
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 x x x
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 x x x
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 x x x
Georgian 1,035 565 475 x x x
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 x x x
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 x x x
Mongolian 910 435 470 x x x
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 x x x
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 x x x
Bamanankan 340 180 160 x x x
Edo 415 175 240 x x x
Ewe 410 185 225 x x x
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 x x x
Ga 250 105 140 x x x
Ganda 345 160 185 x x x
Igbo 1,000 485 510 x x x
Lingala 1,045 455 590 x x x
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 x x x
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 x x x
Shona 1,035 475 560 x x x
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 x x x
Wolof 1,380 745 635 x x x
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 x x x
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 x x x
Dinka 1,130 580 550 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 x x x
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 x x x
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 x x x
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 x x x
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 x x x
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 x x x
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 x x x
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 x x x
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 x x x
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 x x x
Min Dong 345 150 195 x x x
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 x x x
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 x x x
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 x x x
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 x x x
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 x x x
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 x x x
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 x x x
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 x x x
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 x x x
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 x x x
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 x x x
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 x x x
Uyghur 610 315 290 x x x
Uzbek 990 505 490 x x x
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 x x x
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 x x x
Estonian 975 365 610 x x x
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 x x x
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 x x x
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 x x x
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 x x x
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 x x x
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 x x x
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 x x x
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 x x x
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 x x x
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 x x x
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 x x x
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 x x x
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 x x x
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 x x x
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 x x x
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 x x x
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 x x x
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 x x x
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 x x x
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 x x x
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 x x x
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 x x x
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 x x x
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 x x x
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 x x x
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 x x x
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 x x x
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 x x x
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 x x x
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 x x x
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 x x x
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 x x x
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 x x x
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 x x x
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 x x x
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 x x x
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 x x x
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 x x x
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 x x x
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 x x x
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 x x x
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 x x x
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 x x x
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 x x x
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 x x x
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 x x x
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 x x x
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 x x x
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 x x x
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 x x x
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 x x x
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 x x x
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 x x x
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 x x x
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 x x x
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 x x x
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 x x x
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 x x x
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 x x x
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 x x x
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 x x x
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 x x x
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 x x x
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 x x x
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 x x x
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 x x x
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 x x x
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 x x x
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 x x x
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 x x x
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075 ... ... x ... ...
Under $5,000 228,790 ... ... x ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315 ... ... x ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575 ... ... x ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940 ... ... x ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800 ... ... x ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710 ... ... x ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480 ... ... x ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600 ... ... x ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110 ... ... x ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325 ... ... x ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345 ... ... x ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415 ... ... x ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320 ... ... x ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765 ... ... x ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255 ... ... x ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245 ... ... x ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140 ... ... x ... ...
$200,000 and over 959,285 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075 ... ... x ... ...
Under $5,000 243,780 ... ... x ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865 ... ... x ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680 ... ... x ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660 ... ... x ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740 ... ... x ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225 ... ... x ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825 ... ... x ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675 ... ... x ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180 ... ... x ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695 ... ... x ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680 ... ... x ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515 ... ... x ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635 ... ... x ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055 ... ... x ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945 ... ... x ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540 ... ... x ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090 ... ... x ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 x x x
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 x x x
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 x x x
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 x x x
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 x x x
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 x x x
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 x x x
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 x x x
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 x x x
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 x x x
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 x x x
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 x x x
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 x x x
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 x x x
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 x x x
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 x x x
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 x x x
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 x x x
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 x x x
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 x x x
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 x x x
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 x x x
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 x x x
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 x x x
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 x x x
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 x x x
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 x x x
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 x x x
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 x x x
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 x x x
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 x x x
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 x x x
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 x x x
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 x x x
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 x x x
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 x x x
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 x x x
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 x x x
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 x x x
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 x x x
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 x x x
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 x x x
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 x x x
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 x x x
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 x x x
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 x x x
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 x x x
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 x x x
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 x x x
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 x x x
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 x x x
Moose Cree 195 80 115 x x x
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 x x x
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 x x x
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 x x x
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 x x x
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 x x x
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 x x x
Malecite 755 370 390 x x x
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 x x x
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 x x x
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 x x x
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 x x x
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 x x x
Beaver 340 180 165 x x x
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 x x x
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 x x x
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 x x x
Gwich'in 360 165 200 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 x x x
Sekani 185 85 100 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 x x x
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 x x x
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 x x x
Tahltan 270 140 130 x x x
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 x x x
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 x x x
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 x x x
Haida 465 205 260 x x x
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 x x x
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 x x x
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 x x x
Cayuga 125 40 85 x x x
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 x x x
Oneida 180 60 125 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 x x x
Kutenai 175 95 80 x x x
Michif 1,210 585 625 x x x
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 x x x
Comox 185 75 110 x x x
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 x x x
Lillooet 790 405 385 x x x
Okanagan 820 370 450 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 x x x
Squamish 285 125 155 x x x
Straits 360 160 200 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 x x x
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 x x x
Dakota 1,760 870 890 x x x
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 x x x
Tlingit 260 140 120 x x x
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 x x x
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 x x x
Tsimshian 410 180 235 x x x
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 x x x
Haisla 175 65 110 x x x
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 x x x
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 x x x
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 x x x
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 x x x
Bilen 1,085 625 470 x x x
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 x x x
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 x x x
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 x x x
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 x x x
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 x x x
Harari 1,710 855 860 x x x
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 x x x
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 x x x
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 x x x
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 x x x
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 x x x
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 x x x
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 x x x
Fijian 1,660 955 705 x x x
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 x x x
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 x x x
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 x x x
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 x x x
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 x x x
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e.