Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Reliance, Settlement [Census subdivision], Northwest Territories

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Reliance, SET
Northwest Territories
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Reliance, Settlement [Census subdivision], Northwest Territories  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728 ... ... 0 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688 ... ... 5 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... -100.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443 ... ... 1 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079 ... ... 1 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9 ... ... 0.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85 ... ... 21.04 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 x x x
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 x x x
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 x x x
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 x x x
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 x x x
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 x x x
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 x x x
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 x x x
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 x x x
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 x x x
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 x x x
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 x x x
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 x x x
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 x x x
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 x x x
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 x x x
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 x x x
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 x x x
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 x x x
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 x x x
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 x x x
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 x x x
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 x x x
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 x x x
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 x x x
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 x x x
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 x x x
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 x x x
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 x x x
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 x x x
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 x x x
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 x x x
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 x x x
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080 ... ... x ... ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040 ... ... x ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795 ... ... x ... ...
Semi-detached house 698,800 ... ... x ... ...
Row house 891,305 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300 ... ... x ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390 ... ... x ... ...
Other single-attached house 36,005 ... ... x ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080 ... ... x ... ...
1 person 3,969,790 ... ... x ... ...
2 persons 4,834,605 ... ... x ... ...
3 persons 2,140,640 ... ... x ... ...
4 persons 1,946,275 ... ... x ... ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770 ... ... x ... ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060 ... ... x ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... x ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 x x x
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 x x x
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 x x x
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 x x x
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 x x x
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 x x x
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 x x x
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 x x x
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 x x x
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730 ... ... x ... ...
2 persons 5,007,790 ... ... x ... ...
3 persons 2,107,830 ... ... x ... ...
4 persons 1,909,935 ... ... x ... ...
5 or more persons 815,170 ... ... x ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... x ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730 ... ... x ... ...
Total couple families 8,227,925 ... ... x ... ...
Married couples 6,474,005 ... ... x ... ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920 ... ... x ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805 ... ... x ... ...
Female parent 1,262,340 ... ... x ... ...
Male parent 350,465 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925 ... ... x ... ...
Couples without children 4,024,305 ... ... x ... ...
Couples with children 4,203,615 ... ... x ... ...
1 child 1,650,165 ... ... x ... ...
2 children 1,783,080 ... ... x ... ...
3 or more children 770,375 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805 ... ... x ... ...
1 child 983,485 ... ... x ... ...
2 children 457,670 ... ... x ... ...
3 or more children 171,655 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 x x x
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075 ... ... x ... ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225 ... ... x ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095 ... ... x ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135 ... ... x ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715 ... ... x ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135 ... ... x ... ...
One-person households 3,969,790 ... ... x ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350 ... ... x ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 x x x
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 x x x
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 x x x
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 x x x
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 x x x
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 x x x
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 x x x
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 x x x
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 x x x
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 x x x
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 x x x
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 x x x
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 x x x
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 x x x
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 x x x
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 x x x
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 x x x
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 x x x
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 x x x
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 x x x
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 x x x
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 x x x
Moose Cree 100 50 55 x x x
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 x x x
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 x x x
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 x x x
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 x x x
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 x x x
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 x x x
Malecite 305 140 160 x x x
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 x x x
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 x x x
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 x x x
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 x x x
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 x x x
Beaver 190 85 105 x x x
Carrier 1,025 465 565 x x x
Chilcotin 660 295 360 x x x
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 x x x
Gwich'in 260 110 145 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 x x x
Sekani 90 45 45 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 x x x
South Slavey 945 455 495 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 x x x
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 x x x
Tahltan 95 40 50 x x x
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 x x x
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 x x x
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 x x x
Haida 75 35 40 x x x
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 x x x
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 x x x
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 x x x
Cayuga 45 20 20 x x x
Mohawk 980 430 555 x x x
Oneida 55 20 40 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 x x x
Kutenai 105 55 55 x x x
Michif 465 230 235 x x x
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 x x x
Comox 80 45 40 x x x
Halkomelem 475 225 245 x x x
Lillooet 315 155 155 x x x
Okanagan 270 135 135 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 x x x
Squamish 40 20 20 x x x
Straits 80 40 40 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 x x x
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 x x x
Dakota 1,215 570 635 x x x
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 x x x
Tlingit 95 40 55 x x x
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 x x x
Nisga'a 400 200 200 x x x
Tsimshian 200 90 110 x x x
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 x x x
Haisla 90 40 50 x x x
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 x x x
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 x x x
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 x x x
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 x x x
Bilen 805 455 350 x x x
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 x x x
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 x x x
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 x x x
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 x x x
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 x x x
Harari 1,320 635 685 x x x
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 x x x
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 x x x
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 x x x
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 x x x
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 x x x
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 x x x
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 x x x
Fijian 745 400 345 x x x
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 x x x
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 x x x
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 x x x
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 x x x
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 x x x
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 x x x
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 x x x
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 x x x
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 x x x
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 x x x
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 x x x
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 x x x
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 x x x
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 x x x
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 x x x
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 x x x
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 x x x
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 x x x
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 x x x
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 x x x
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 x x x
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 x x x
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 x x x
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 x x x
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 x x x
Belarusan 810 385 430 x x x
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 x x x
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 x x x
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 x x x
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 x x x
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 x x x
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 x x x
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 x x x
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 x x x
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 x x x
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 x x x
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 x x x
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 x x x
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 x x x
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 x x x
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 x x x
Welsh 1,075 495 575 x x x
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 x x x
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 x x x
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 x x x
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 x x x
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 x x x
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 x x x
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 x x x
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 x x x
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 x x x
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 x x x
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 x x x
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 x x x
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 x x x
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 x x x
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 x x x
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 x x x
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 x x x
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 x x x
Kashmiri 565 300 265 x x x
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 x x x
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 x x x
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 x x x
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 x x x
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 x x x
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 x x x
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 x x x
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 x x x
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 x x x
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 x x x
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 x x x
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 x x x
Catalan 865 440 425 x x x
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 x x x
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 x x x
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 x x x
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 x x x
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 x x x
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 x x x
Georgian 1,715 910 805 x x x
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 x x x
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 x x x
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 x x x
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 x x x
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 x x x
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 x x x
Edo 1,670 770 900 x x x
Ewe 1,760 950 805 x x x
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 x x x
Ga 920 445 470 x x x
Ganda 1,295 625 665 x x x
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 x x x
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 x x x
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 x x x
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 x x x
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 x x x
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 x x x
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 x x x
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 x x x
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 x x x
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 x x x
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 x x x
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 x x x
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 x x x
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 x x x
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 x x x
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 x x x
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 x x x
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 x x x
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 x x x
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 x x x
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 x x x
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 x x x
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 x x x
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 x x x
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 x x x
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 x x x
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 x x x
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 x x x
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 x x x
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 x x x
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 x x x
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 x x x
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 x x x
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 x x x
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 x x x
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 x x x
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 x x x
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 x x x
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 x x x
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 x x x
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 x x x
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 x x x
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 x x x
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 x x x
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 x x x
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 x x x
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 x x x
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 x x x
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 x x x
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 x x x
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 x x x
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 x x x
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 x x x
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 x x x
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 x x x
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 x x x
Moose Cree 10 5 5 x x x
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 x x x
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 x x x
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 x x x
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 x x x
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 x x x
Woods Cree 800 410 390 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 x x x
Malecite 55 30 30 x x x
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 x x x
Algonquin 370 170 200 x x x
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 x x x
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 x x x
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 x x x
Beaver 50 30 20 x x x
Carrier 245 115 130 x x x
Chilcotin 255 125 130 x x x
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 x x x
Gwich'in 45 25 25 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 x x x
Sekani 15 10 5 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 x x x
South Slavey 370 190 185 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 x x x
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 x x x
Tahltan 0 5 5 x x x
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 x x x
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 x x x
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 x x x
Haida 10 5 0 x x x
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 x x x
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 x x x
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 x x x
Cayuga 10 0 5 x x x
Mohawk 255 115 140 x x x
Oneida 15 5 10 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 x x x
Kutenai 15 10 5 x x x
Michif 85 40 45 x x x
Salish languages 285 130 150 x x x
Comox 0 0 0 x x x
Halkomelem 45 20 25 x x x
Lillooet 25 15 10 x x x
Okanagan 85 35 45 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 x x x
Squamish 5 0 5 x x x
Straits 20 10 15 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 x x x
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 x x x
Dakota 255 140 120 x x x
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 x x x
Tlingit 5 0 0 x x x
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 x x x
Nisga'a 70 40 30 x x x
Tsimshian 25 15 15 x x x
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 x x x
Haisla 20 10 15 x x x
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 x x x
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 x x x
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 x x x
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 x x x
Bilen 620 330 285 x x x
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 x x x
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 x x x
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 x x x
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 x x x
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 x x x
Harari 735 335 400 x x x
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 x x x
Maltese 1,130 525 605 x x x
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 x x x
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 x x x
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 x x x
Bikol 290 140 155 x x x
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 x x x
Fijian 195 105 90 x x x
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 x x x
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 x x x
Malagasy 435 220 210 x x x
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 x x x
Pangasinan 240 110 135 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 x x x
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 x x x
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 x x x
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 x x x
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 x x x
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 x x x
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 x x x
Kannada 1,630 825 800 x x x
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 x x x
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 x x x
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 x x x
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 x x x
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 x x x
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 x x x
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 x x x
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 x x x
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 x x x
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 x x x
Latvian 1,255 530 725 x x x
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 x x x
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 x x x
Belarusan 230 105 120 x x x
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 x x x
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 x x x
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 x x x
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 x x x
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 x x x
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 x x x
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 x x x
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 x x x
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 x x x
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 x x x
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 x x x
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 x x x
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 x x x
Celtic languages 360 205 155 x x x
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 x x x
Welsh 95 50 45 x x x
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 x x x
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 x x x
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 x x x
Danish 855 410 445 x x x
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 x x x
Frisian 185 95 90 x x x
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 x x x
Icelandic 270 120 150 x x x
Norwegian 345 145 200 x x x
Swedish 1,045 500 545 x x x
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 x x x
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 x x x
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 x x x
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 x x x
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 x x x
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 x x x
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 x x x
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 x x x
Kashmiri 135 70 70 x x x
Konkani 720 355 370 x x x
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 x x x
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 x x x
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 x x x
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 x x x
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 x x x
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 x x x
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 x x x
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 x x x
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 x x x
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 x x x
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 x x x
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 x x x
Catalan 355 165 190 x x x
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 x x x
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 x x x
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 x x x
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 x x x
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 x x x
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 x x x
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 x x x
Georgian 1,035 565 475 x x x
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 x x x
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 x x x
Mongolian 910 435 470 x x x
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 x x x
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 x x x
Bamanankan 340 180 160 x x x
Edo 415 175 240 x x x
Ewe 410 185 225 x x x
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 x x x
Ga 250 105 140 x x x
Ganda 345 160 185 x x x
Igbo 1,000 485 510 x x x
Lingala 1,045 455 590 x x x
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 x x x
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 x x x
Shona 1,035 475 560 x x x
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 x x x
Wolof 1,380 745 635 x x x
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 x x x
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 x x x
Dinka 1,130 580 550 x x x
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 x x x
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 x x x
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 x x x
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 x x x
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 x x x
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 x x x
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 x x x
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 x x x
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 x x x
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 x x x
Min Dong 345 150 195 x x x
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 x x x
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 x x x
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 x x x
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 x x x
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 x x x
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 x x x
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 x x x
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 x x x
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 x x x
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 x x x
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 x x x
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 x x x
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 x x x
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 x x x
Uyghur 610 315 290 x x x
Uzbek 990 505 490 x x x
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 x x x
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 x x x
Estonian 975 365 610 x x x
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 x x x
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 x x x
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 x x x
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 x x x
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 x x x
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 x x x
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 x x x
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 x x x
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 x x x
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 x x x
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 x x x
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 x x x
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 x x x
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 x x x
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 x x x
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 x x x
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 x x x
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 x x x
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 x x x
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 x x x
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 x x x
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 x x x
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 x x x
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 x x x
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 x x x
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 x x x
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 x x x
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 x x x
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 x x x
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 x x x
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 x x x
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 x x x
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 x x x
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 x x x
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 x x x
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 x x x
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 x x x
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 x x x
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 x x x
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 x x x
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 x x x
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 x x x
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 x x x
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 x x x
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 x x x
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 x x x
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 x x x
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 x x x
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 x x x
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 x x x
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 x x x
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 x x x
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 x x x
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 x x x
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 x x x
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 x x x
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 x x x
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 x x x
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 x x x
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 x x x
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 x x x
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 x x x
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 x x x
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 x x x
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 x x x
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 x x x
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 x x x
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 x x x
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 x x x
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 x x x
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075 ... ... x ... ...
Under $5,000 228,790 ... ... x ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315 ... ... x ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575 ... ... x ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940 ... ... x ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800 ... ... x ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710 ... ... x ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480 ... ... x ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600 ... ... x ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110 ... ... x ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325 ... ... x ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345 ... ... x ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415 ... ... x ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320 ... ... x ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765 ... ... x ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255 ... ... x ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245 ... ... x ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140 ... ... x ... ...
$200,000 and over 959,285 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075 ... ... x ... ...
Under $5,000 243,780 ... ... x ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865 ... ... x ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680 ... ... x ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660 ... ... x ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740 ... ... x ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225 ... ... x ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825 ... ... x ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675 ... ... x ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180 ... ... x ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695 ... ... x ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680 ... ... x ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515 ... ... x ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635 ... ... x ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055 ... ... x ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945 ... ... x ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540 ... ... x ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090 ... ... x ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 x x x
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 x x x
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 x x x
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 x x x
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 x x x
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 x x x
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 x x x
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 x x x
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 x x x
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 x x x
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 x x x
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 x x x
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 x x x
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 x x x
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 x x x
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 x x x
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 x x x
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 x x x
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 x x x
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 x x x
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 x x x
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 x x x
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 x x x
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 x x x
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 x x x
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 x x x
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 x x x
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 x x x
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 x x x
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 x x x
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 x x x
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 x x x
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 x x x
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 x x x
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 x x x
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 x x x
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 x x x
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 x x x
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 x x x
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 x x x
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 x x x
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 x x x
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 x x x
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 x x x
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 x x x
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 x x x
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 x x x
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 x x x
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 x x x
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 x x x
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 x x x
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 x x x
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 x x x
Moose Cree 195 80 115 x x x
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 x x x
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 x x x
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 x x x
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 x x x
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 x x x
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 x x x
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 x x x
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 x x x
Malecite 755 370 390 x x x
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 x x x
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 x x x
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 x x x
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 x x x
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 x x x
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 x x x
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 x x x
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 x x x
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 x x x
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 x x x
Beaver 340 180 165 x x x
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 x x x
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 x x x
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 x x x
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 x x x
Gwich'in 360 165 200 x x x
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 x x x
Sekani 185 85 100 x x x
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 x x x
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 x x x
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 x x x
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 x x x
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 x x x
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 x x x
Tahltan 270 140 130 x x x
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 x x x
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 x x x
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 x x x
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 x x x
Haida 465 205 260 x x x
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 x x x
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 x x x
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 x x x
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 x x x
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 x x x
Cayuga 125 40 85 x x x
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 x x x
Oneida 180 60 125 x x x
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 x x x
Kutenai 175 95 80 x x x
Michif 1,210 585 625 x x x
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 x x x
Comox 185 75 110 x x x
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 x x x
Lillooet 790 405 385 x x x
Okanagan 820 370 450 x x x
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 x x x
Squamish 285 125 155 x x x
Straits 360 160 200 x x x
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 x x x
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 x x x
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 x x x
Dakota 1,760 870 890 x x x
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 x x x
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 x x x
Tlingit 260 140 120 x x x
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 x x x
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 x x x
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 x x x
Tsimshian 410 180 235 x x x
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 x x x
Haisla 175 65 110 x x x
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 x x x
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 x x x
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 x x x
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 x x x
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 x x x
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 x x x
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 x x x
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 x x x
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 x x x
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 x x x
Bilen 1,085 625 470 x x x
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 x x x
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 x x x
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 x x x
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 x x x
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 x x x
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 x x x
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 x x x
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 x x x
Harari 1,710 855 860 x x x
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 x x x
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 x x x
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 x x x
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 x x x
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 x x x
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 x x x
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 x x x
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 x x x
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 x x x
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 x x x
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 x x x
Fijian 1,660 955 705 x x x
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 x x x
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 x x x
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 x x x
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 x x x
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 x x x
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 x x x
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 x x x
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 x x x
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585