Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Yellowknife [Population centre], Northwest Territories

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Yellowknife
Northwest Territories
[Population centre]
Data quality , Canada [Country]  Map : Canada [Country]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Yellowknife [Population centre], Northwest Territories  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,151,728 ... ... 18,884 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688 ... ... 18,676r ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.0 ... ... 1.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,412,443 ... ... 7,433 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,072,079 ... ... 6,872 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.9 ... ... 1,056.2 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 8,965,588.85 ... ... 17.88 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530 18,890 9,515 9,370
0 to 14 years 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645 3,780 1,935 1,850
0 to 4 years 1,898,790 973,030 925,760 1,365 720 640
5 to 9 years 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445 1,265 645 620
10 to 14 years 1,922,645 985,200 937,445 1,150 560 590
15 to 64 years 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400 14,030 7,010 7,020
15 to 19 years 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940 1,125 595 530
20 to 24 years 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200 1,370 725 650
25 to 29 years 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515 1,605 805 805
30 to 34 years 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110 1,760 855 905
35 to 39 years 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730 1,660 790 875
40 to 44 years 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695 1,425 680 750
45 to 49 years 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210 1,380 700 675
50 to 54 years 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320 1,490 710 775
55 to 59 years 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055 1,295 685 610
60 to 64 years 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630 925 470 455
65 years and over 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485 1,070 570 500
65 to 69 years 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405 560 300 255
70 to 74 years 1,420,875 677,975 742,900 260 150 115
75 to 79 years 1,021,850 469,550 552,300 125 70 55
80 to 84 years 749,650 325,765 423,880 65 30 35
85 years and over 770,780 268,790 501,990 60 20 35
85 to 89 years 482,525 185,535 296,990 35 10 20
90 to 94 years 223,510 68,675 154,835 20 10 15
95 to 99 years 56,525 13,240 43,280 5 5 0
100 years and over 8,230 1,340 6,890 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.6 17.3 15.9 20.0 20.3 19.7
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.1 66.0 74.3 73.7 74.9
65 years and over 16.9 15.6 18.1 5.7 6.0 5.3
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 0.3 0.2 0.4
Average age of the population 41.0 40.1 41.9 34.6 34.5 34.7
Median age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.2 34.4 34.0 34.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,072,080 ... ... 6,875 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,541,495 ... ... 3,100 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,391,040 ... ... 375 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,949,795 ... ... 3,025 ... ...
Semi-detached house 698,800 ... ... 145 ... ...
Row house 891,305 ... ... 865 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 784,300 ... ... 300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,539,390 ... ... 1,695 ... ...
Other single-attached house 36,005 ... ... 15 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 189,755 ... ... 370 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,072,080 ... ... 6,875 ... ...
1 person 3,969,790 ... ... 1,520 ... ...
2 persons 4,834,605 ... ... 2,030 ... ...
3 persons 2,140,640 ... ... 1,365 ... ...
4 persons 1,946,275 ... ... 1,235 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,180,770 ... ... 715 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 34,460,060 ... ... 18,620 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885 15,105 7,585 7,520
Married or living common law 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585 8,760 4,395 4,365
Married 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990 6,245 3,150 3,090
Living common law 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590 2,520 1,245 1,270
Not married and not living common law 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300 6,340 3,190 3,150
Never married 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915 4,885 2,640 2,245
Separated 718,295 309,905 408,400 390 160 225
Divorced 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470 755 310 450
Widowed 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525 315 85 240
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 9,840,730 ... ... 5,085 ... ...
2 persons 5,007,790 ... ... 2,210 ... ...
3 persons 2,107,830 ... ... 1,265 ... ...
4 persons 1,909,935 ... ... 1,130 ... ...
5 or more persons 815,170 ... ... 480 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 9,840,730 ... ... 5,085 ... ...
Total couple families 8,227,925 ... ... 4,240 ... ...
Married couples 6,474,005 ... ... 2,980 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,753,920 ... ... 1,255 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,612,805 ... ... 845 ... ...
Female parent 1,262,340 ... ... 635 ... ...
Male parent 350,465 ... ... 205 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,227,925 ... ... 4,240 ... ...
Couples without children 4,024,305 ... ... 1,730 ... ...
Couples with children 4,203,615 ... ... 2,505 ... ...
1 child 1,650,165 ... ... 1,015 ... ...
2 children 1,783,080 ... ... 1,045 ... ...
3 or more children 770,375 ... ... 445 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,612,805 ... ... 845 ... ...
1 child 983,485 ... ... 480 ... ...
2 children 457,670 ... ... 245 ... ...
3 or more children 171,655 ... ... 115 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865 3,320 1,780 1,535
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,072,075 ... ... 6,870 ... ...
One-census-family households 9,218,225 ... ... 4,705 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,782,095 ... ... 1,585 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,436,135 ... ... 3,120 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 301,715 ... ... 185 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,552,135 ... ... 1,980 ... ...
One-person households 3,969,790 ... ... 1,525 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 582,350 ... ... 460 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080 18,725 9,445 9,280
English only 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455 15,485 8,000 7,485
French only 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840 55 25 30
English and French 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740 3,110 1,390 1,720
Neither English nor French 648,970 265,920 383,045 75 30 40
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 18,725 9,445 9,280
English 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165 17,730 8,935 8,795
French 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650 810 425 390
English and French 417,485 209,130 208,355 110 55 55
Neither English nor French 636,515 259,600 376,910 70 35 40
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825 870 450 420
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 22.8 22.7 22.8 4.6 4.8 4.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085 18,725 9,445 9,280
Single responses 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775 18,200 9,215 8,985
Official languages 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940 15,380 7,865 7,515
English 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725 14,575 7,445 7,135
French 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215 805 420 385
Non-official languages 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840 2,820 1,350 1,470
Aboriginal languages 195,700 94,795 100,900 545 210 335
Algonquian languages 130,450 62,930 67,520 25 10 15
Blackfoot 2,815 1,325 1,490 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 88,445 42,920 45,530 15 10 5
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10,230 4,885 5,350 0 0 0
Moose Cree 100 50 55 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,205 590 620 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 315 125 190 0 0 0
Plains Cree 3,065 1,360 1,710 5 5 0
Southern East Cree 45 20 25 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,440 585 850 0 0 5
Woods Cree 1,840 865 975 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 64,050 31,305 32,745 10 10 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 6,990 3,310 3,680 0 5 0
Malecite 305 140 160 5 5 5
Mi'kmaq 6,690 3,170 3,520 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 32,150 15,350 16,800 5 5 0
Algonquin 1,260 590 670 0 0 0
Ojibway 17,890 8,440 9,450 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 12,855 6,260 6,595 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 17,365 8,325 9,045 420 175 245
Northern Athabaskan languages 17,315 8,310 9,010 420 175 245
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 110 55 60 0 0 0
Beaver 190 85 105 0 0 0
Carrier 1,025 465 565 0 0 0
Chilcotin 660 295 360 0 0 0
Dene 10,700 5,185 5,515 75 35 40
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,645 840 815 225 105 120
Gwich'in 260 110 145 5 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 80 25 50 0 0 0
Sekani 90 45 45 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 1,995 950 1,045 110 30 80
North Slavey (Hare) 765 365 400 65 15 55
South Slavey 945 455 495 15 5 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 280 130 150 25 10 10
Tahltan languages 270 135 140 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 180 90 90 0 0 0
Tahltan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 290 120 170 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 215 90 135 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 70 30 40 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 0 0 0
Haida 75 35 40 0 0 0
Inuit languages 36,545 18,100 18,445 95 25 65
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,025 445 575 20 5 15
Inuktitut 35,215 17,530 17,680 70 20 55
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 315 125 185 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 1,115 485 635 0 5 0
Cayuga 45 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 980 430 555 0 5 0
Oneida 55 20 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 0 0 0
Kutenai 105 55 55 0 0 0
Michif 465 230 235 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,305 1,130 1,180 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 40 0 0 0
Halkomelem 475 225 245 0 0 0
Lillooet 315 155 155 0 0 0
Okanagan 270 135 135 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 445 225 220 0 0 0
Squamish 40 20 20 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 335 150 185 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 255 135 125 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,285 2,070 2,220 0 0 0
Dakota 1,215 570 635 0 0 0
Stoney 3,025 1,465 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tlingit 95 40 55 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,480 730 755 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 880 435 445 0 0 0
Nisga'a 400 200 200 0 0 0
Tsimshian 200 90 110 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 805 370 435 0 0 0
Haisla 90 40 50 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 95 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 325 145 185 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 285 135 140 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 585 295 295 0 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945 2,275 1,140 1,135
Afro-Asiatic languages 575,365 298,060 277,300 170 110 60
Berber languages 22,135 11,865 10,270 5 0 0
Kabyle 13,150 6,995 6,155 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,985 4,865 4,115 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 42,885 20,095 22,790 50 35 5
Bilen 805 455 350 0 0 0
Oromo 4,960 2,560 2,400 0 0 0
Somali 36,755 16,895 19,865 45 40 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 365 195 170 0 0 0
Semitic languages 509,190 265,465 243,725 115 70 50
Amharic 22,465 10,720 11,745 20 15 10
Arabic 419,890 220,785 199,105 80 40 40
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 16,070 7,910 8,160 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5,545 2,780 2,770 0 0 0
Harari 1,320 635 685 0 0 0
Hebrew 19,530 10,480 9,045 0 0 0
Maltese 5,565 2,765 2,800 0 0 0
Tigrigna 16,650 8,310 8,340 20 15 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,155 1,085 1,070 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,155 635 520 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 176,725 81,810 94,920 145 70 80
Khmer (Cambodian) 20,130 9,270 10,860 0 0 0
Vietnamese 156,425 72,470 83,955 150 70 80
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 170 65 100 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 511,480 211,580 299,900 720 315 400
Bikol 1,790 790 1,000 5 0 0
Cebuano 19,890 7,930 11,960 55 20 30
Fijian 745 400 345 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 6,885 2,680 4,205 5 5 5
Ilocano 26,345 10,620 15,720 70 25 45
Malagasy 1,430 665 760 0 0 0
Malay 12,275 5,255 7,020 5 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 4,040 1,865 2,175 0 0 0
Pangasinan 1,390 590 800 5 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 431,380 178,575 252,810 580 265 320
Waray-Waray 1,110 430 675 0 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 4,195 1,770 2,425 0 0 0
Creole languages 72,125 32,310 39,820 35 20 15
Haitian Creole 3,030 1,445 1,590 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 64,105 28,455 35,660 20 15 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 4,985 2,410 2,575 10 5 0
Dravidian languages 189,405 94,765 94,640 55 30 25
Kannada 3,970 2,040 1,935 0 0 0
Malayalam 28,570 14,770 13,800 20 15 5
Tamil 140,720 69,080 71,640 15 10 10
Telugu 15,655 8,640 7,020 15 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 490 240 250 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 795 395 405 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930 740 395 350
Albanian 26,890 13,610 13,285 5 5 5
Armenian 33,455 16,270 17,185 45 20 25
Balto-Slavic languages 701,975 323,640 378,340 145 80 65
Baltic languages 12,530 5,315 7,215 0 0 0
Latvian 5,455 2,350 3,105 0 0 0
Lithuanian 7,075 2,965 4,115 0 0 0
Slavic languages 689,450 318,325 371,115 145 80 65
Belarusan 810 385 430 0 0 0
Bosnian 12,210 6,035 6,180 5 5 0
Bulgarian 20,025 9,675 10,345 5 5 5
Croatian 48,200 23,540 24,665 10 5 0
Czech 22,290 10,525 11,765 10 5 10
Macedonian 16,775 8,050 8,725 10 5 0
Polish 181,710 82,435 99,275 25 15 10
Russian 188,255 85,400 102,855 30 10 10
Serbian 57,350 28,535 28,815 10 10 5
Serbo-Croatian 9,555 4,565 4,985 0 0 0
Slovak 17,580 8,075 9,510 15 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 9,790 4,415 5,370 0 5 0
Ukrainian 102,485 45,440 57,040 15 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 2,415 1,255 1,165 0 5 0
Celtic languages 2,690 1,335 1,360 5 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 1,090 540 550 0 0 0
Welsh 1,075 495 575 0 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 530 295 235 0 0 0
Germanic languages 538,765 258,410 280,350 180 85 95
Afrikaans 10,265 5,115 5,145 15 5 10
Danish 12,630 6,245 6,390 5 5 0
Dutch 99,020 48,200 50,820 40 20 20
Frisian 2,100 1,095 1,005 0 0 0
German 384,035 183,215 200,820 105 50 55
Icelandic 1,285 600 685 5 0 10
Norwegian 4,615 2,170 2,445 0 0 0
Swedish 6,840 3,015 3,825 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 3,895 1,730 2,165 5 0 5
Yiddish 13,555 6,750 6,800 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 525 280 240 0 0 0
Greek 106,525 53,350 53,170 15 10 5
Indo-Iranian languages 1,312,750 664,120 648,630 200 115 85
Indo-Aryan languages 1,064,760 538,530 526,235 170 100 70
Bengali 73,125 37,410 35,720 40 25 20
Gujarati 108,780 55,105 53,670 10 10 5
Hindi 110,640 55,880 54,765 25 15 10
Kashmiri 565 300 265 0 0 0
Konkani 3,330 1,625 1,710 0 0 0
Marathi 8,295 4,300 3,995 0 0 0
Nepali 18,275 9,230 9,045 10 5 5
Oriya (Odia) 1,055 560 495 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 501,680 253,515 248,160 35 30 15
Sindhi 11,860 5,605 6,260 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 16,335 8,050 8,285 5 5 5
Urdu 210,815 106,960 103,860 30 20 10
Iranian languages 242,805 122,835 119,970 30 10 15
Kurdish 11,705 6,345 5,355 0 0 0
Pashto 16,910 8,760 8,145 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 214,200 107,725 106,470 25 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,180 2,755 2,425 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,154,270 558,660 595,615 135 70 70
Catalan 865 440 425 0 0 0
Italian 375,635 184,415 191,220 35 20 15
Portuguese 221,540 106,630 114,910 15 5 5
Romanian 96,665 46,195 50,470 10 0 5
Spanish 458,850 220,605 238,245 85 40 40
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 720 380 340 0 0 0
Japanese 43,640 14,790 28,855 55 15 35
Kartvelian languages 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Georgian 1,715 910 805 0 0 0
Korean 153,425 70,310 83,115 25 10 15
Mongolic languages 1,575 690 885 0 0 5
Mongolian 1,575 690 880 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 91,375 45,075 46,305 115 70 45
Akan (Twi) 13,455 6,490 6,970 5 0 0
Bamanankan 1,535 815 720 0 0 0
Edo 1,670 770 900 0 0 0
Ewe 1,760 950 805 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,825 1,495 1,335 0 0 0
Ga 920 445 470 0 0 0
Ganda 1,295 625 665 10 5 5
Igbo 4,235 2,265 1,970 0 0 0
Lingala 3,810 1,785 2,025 5 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5,845 2,785 3,060 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5,250 2,355 2,895 5 5 0
Shona 3,180 1,520 1,665 35 20 15
Swahili 13,370 6,385 6,990 0 5 5
Wolof 3,990 2,170 1,820 0 0 0
Yoruba 9,085 4,785 4,300 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 19,135 9,435 9,695 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 5,870 3,025 2,845 0 0 0
Dinka 2,120 1,115 1,000 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 3,755 1,910 1,840 5 0 0
Sign languages 7,500 3,925 3,575 0 0 0
American Sign Language 2,685 1,320 1,360 0 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 695 340 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 4,120 2,265 1,860 0 5 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,269,215 589,570 679,645 185 90 90
Chinese languages 1,253,360 581,650 671,715 185 90 90
Cantonese 565,270 262,865 302,405 90 50 45
Hakka 10,910 4,900 6,015 0 0 0
Mandarin 592,040 274,630 317,410 55 25 30
Min Dong 1,230 580 650 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 31,795 14,450 17,350 5 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 12,915 5,780 7,140 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 38,580 18,165 20,410 30 20 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 610 275 335 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15,850 7,925 7,935 0 0 5
Burmese 3,585 1,795 1,790 0 0 0
Karenic languages 4,705 2,355 2,350 0 0 0
Tibetan 6,165 3,080 3,080 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,400 695 705 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 22,010 8,870 13,145 5 0 0
Lao 12,670 6,145 6,525 0 0 0
Thai 9,255 2,690 6,565 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 80 35 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40,140 21,120 19,025 5 5 0
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,785 1,470 0 0 0
Turkish 32,815 17,375 15,440 5 5 0
Uyghur 1,035 510 525 0 0 0
Uzbek 1,715 855 865 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,315 590 720 0 0 0
Uralic languages 81,985 37,790 44,195 20 15 10
Estonian 5,445 2,325 3,115 0 0 0
Finnish 15,295 6,395 8,900 10 0 5
Hungarian 61,235 29,060 32,175 15 10 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,690 2,045 1,645 5 0 5
Multiple responses 818,635 398,325 420,305 525 235 295
English and French 165,320 80,460 84,860 110 45 65
English and non-official language 533,265 259,160 274,100 395 175 220
French and non-official language 86,150 42,170 43,985 15 5 5
English, French and non-official language 33,900 16,535 17,365 10 5 5
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085 18,725 9,445 9,280
Single responses 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395 17,880 9,045 8,825
Official languages 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645 16,740 8,480 8,260
English 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730 16,240 8,240 8,010
French 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910 500 240 255
Non-official languages 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750 1,135 570 565
Aboriginal languages 118,470 59,720 58,750 115 55 60
Algonquian languages 75,080 37,825 37,260 5 0 0
Blackfoot 1,115 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55,825 28,135 27,685 0 0 0
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,590 4,195 4,395 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,200 595 605 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 110 55 60 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,350 665 685 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 20 5 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 330 140 190 0 0 0
Woods Cree 800 410 390 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 37,945 19,240 18,710 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 3,615 1,795 1,820 5 5 0
Malecite 55 30 30 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,560 1,770 1,795 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 14,525 7,335 7,190 0 0 0
Algonquin 370 170 200 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,175 3,165 3,015 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 7,900 3,960 3,940 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10,265 5,125 5,135 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 10,255 5,120 5,135 100 50 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Beaver 50 30 20 0 0 0
Carrier 245 115 130 0 0 0
Chilcotin 255 125 130 0 0 0
Dene 7,710 3,805 3,905 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,020 550 475 65 35 30
Gwich'in 45 25 25 0 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sekani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 820 425 395 20 10 10
North Slavey (Hare) 340 180 155 10 5 5
South Slavey 370 190 185 5 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 105 55 55 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 25 15 15 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 30 15 15 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 25 15 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 10 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 29,490 14,995 14,495 10 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 165 75 90 0 0 0
Inuktitut 29,230 14,885 14,345 5 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 285 135 155 0 0 0
Cayuga 10 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 255 115 140 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 15 10 5 0 0 0
Michif 85 40 45 0 0 0
Salish languages 285 130 150 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 45 20 25 0 0 0
Lillooet 25 15 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Straits 20 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,225 1,085 1,140 0 0 0
Dakota 255 140 120 0 0 0
Stoney 1,950 940 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 410 210 190 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 315 155 155 0 0 0
Nisga'a 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tsimshian 25 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 75 45 35 0 0 0
Haisla 20 10 15 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 110 125 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995 1,025 520 505
Afro-Asiatic languages 307,755 153,275 154,480 100 70 35
Berber languages 8,105 4,215 3,895 0 0 0
Kabyle 5,490 2,855 2,640 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,620 1,365 1,260 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 27,095 12,455 14,640 35 35 5
Bilen 620 330 285 0 0 0
Oromo 3,410 1,700 1,710 0 0 0
Somali 22,895 10,340 12,555 35 35 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 0 0 0
Semitic languages 272,100 136,390 135,720 70 40 30
Amharic 12,780 6,010 6,770 5 5 5
Arabic 223,540 112,690 110,850 50 30 25
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10,510 5,090 5,425 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,445 1,695 1,750 0 0 0
Harari 735 335 400 0 0 0
Hebrew 8,560 4,425 4,135 0 0 0
Maltese 1,130 525 605 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10,205 5,040 5,170 15 10 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,200 585 620 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 440 215 230 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 115,210 53,500 61,710 90 40 50
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,880 4,940 5,945 0 0 0
Vietnamese 104,245 48,525 55,725 90 45 50
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 239,785 108,110 131,680 355 170 185
Bikol 290 140 155 0 0 0
Cebuano 7,210 3,325 3,880 20 10 15
Fijian 195 105 90 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,205 970 1,240 0 0 5
Ilocano 9,125 4,045 5,080 20 5 10
Malagasy 435 220 210 0 0 0
Malay 3,620 1,710 1,910 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,200 565 630 0 0 0
Pangasinan 240 110 135 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 213,790 96,235 117,555 320 155 165
Waray-Waray 310 135 170 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 545 620 0 0 0
Creole languages 27,860 12,005 15,850 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 1,280 575 705 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 24,575 10,510 14,060 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,005 920 1,085 5 5 5
Dravidian languages 122,490 59,780 62,710 20 15 10
Kannada 1,630 825 800 0 0 0
Malayalam 15,440 7,865 7,575 10 10 5
Tamil 96,955 46,570 50,385 10 0 5
Telugu 8,280 4,430 3,850 10 5 5
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 190 85 105 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 340 160 180 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,911,215 927,225 983,985 255 125 125
Albanian 13,135 6,575 6,560 0 0 0
Armenian 21,505 10,165 11,345 25 10 15
Balto-Slavic languages 314,965 149,315 165,650 35 20 20
Baltic languages 3,275 1,400 1,870 0 0 0
Latvian 1,255 530 725 0 0 0
Lithuanian 2,020 870 1,150 0 0 0
Slavic languages 311,690 147,910 163,780 40 20 20
Belarusan 230 105 120 0 0 0
Bosnian 6,045 3,010 3,040 5 0 5
Bulgarian 11,985 5,835 6,150 5 0 0
Croatian 16,775 7,980 8,795 0 0 0
Czech 6,235 3,060 3,180 0 0 0
Macedonian 6,830 3,250 3,580 0 0 0
Polish 74,780 34,910 39,870 5 5 0
Russian 116,595 55,175 61,425 10 5 5
Serbian 31,750 15,665 16,085 5 0 5
Serbo-Croatian 3,885 1,865 2,020 0 0 0
Slovak 5,615 2,685 2,920 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 2,050 905 1,145 0 0 0
Ukrainian 28,250 13,150 15,100 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 670 310 360 0 0 0
Celtic languages 360 205 155 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 185 105 80 0 0 0
Welsh 95 50 45 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 146,455 71,835 74,615 30 10 20
Afrikaans 4,790 2,355 2,435 5 5 5
Danish 855 410 445 0 0 0
Dutch 9,565 4,630 4,935 5 0 0
Frisian 185 95 90 0 0 0
German 120,335 58,905 61,435 15 10 10
Icelandic 270 120 150 5 0 5
Norwegian 345 145 200 0 0 0
Swedish 1,045 500 545 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 170 185 0 0 0
Yiddish 7,080 3,695 3,385 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,625 820 810 0 0 0
Greek 44,545 21,110 23,440 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 838,755 416,960 421,795 115 60 50
Indo-Aryan languages 676,185 337,440 338,745 100 55 40
Bengali 47,350 23,585 23,765 20 10 10
Gujarati 64,150 31,740 32,405 5 5 5
Hindi 55,510 27,805 27,710 5 5 0
Kashmiri 135 70 70 0 0 0
Konkani 720 355 370 0 0 0
Marathi 3,780 1,940 1,840 0 0 0
Nepali 13,375 6,710 6,670 10 5 5
Oriya (Odia) 470 235 240 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 349,145 174,905 174,240 30 20 10
Sindhi 4,975 2,280 2,695 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,790 3,860 3,925 0 0 0
Urdu 128,785 63,965 64,820 25 15 5
Iranian languages 160,195 78,310 81,880 15 5 10
Kurdish 6,580 3,400 3,175 0 0 0
Pashto 10,590 5,305 5,290 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 143,020 69,600 73,425 15 5 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,215 1,160 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 531,485 251,050 280,440 35 20 15
Catalan 355 165 190 0 0 0
Italian 115,415 49,975 65,440 5 0 0
Portuguese 98,710 46,915 51,795 0 0 5
Romanian 53,320 25,795 27,525 5 0 0
Spanish 263,510 128,110 135,400 25 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Japanese 19,785 8,265 11,515 45 20 25
Kartvelian languages 1,040 565 475 0 0 0
Georgian 1,035 565 475 0 0 0
Korean 109,705 51,385 58,320 15 5 10
Mongolic languages 910 440 470 0 0 5
Mongolian 910 435 470 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 28,665 13,340 15,320 30 20 15
Akan (Twi) 5,990 2,695 3,295 0 0 0
Bamanankan 340 180 160 0 0 0
Edo 415 175 240 0 0 0
Ewe 410 185 225 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 825 400 425 0 0 0
Ga 250 105 140 0 0 0
Ganda 345 160 185 5 0 0
Igbo 1,000 485 510 0 0 0
Lingala 1,045 455 590 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,110 990 1,115 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,530 670 865 0 0 0
Shona 1,035 475 560 20 5 10
Swahili 5,370 2,500 2,870 0 0 0
Wolof 1,380 745 635 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,615 1,275 1,340 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,010 1,850 2,160 10 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,650 1,305 1,350 0 0 0
Dinka 1,130 580 550 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,525 730 800 0 0 0
Sign languages 10,445 5,870 4,570 5 0 0
American Sign Language 3,015 1,560 1,460 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 730 375 355 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 6,690 3,935 2,755 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 924,720 433,530 491,190 95 50 40
Chinese languages 913,365 427,860 485,505 95 50 45
Cantonese 400,215 184,340 215,885 50 25 20
Hakka 4,080 1,820 2,265 0 0 0
Mandarin 462,890 220,075 242,815 30 15 20
Min Dong 345 150 195 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,965 6,345 7,625 5 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 7,650 3,580 4,075 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 23,935 11,440 12,500 10 10 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 11,350 5,670 5,680 0 0 0
Burmese 2,245 1,115 1,125 0 0 0
Karenic languages 3,865 1,935 1,930 0 0 0
Tibetan 4,590 2,305 2,280 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 655 305 345 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 9,565 4,455 5,110 5 0 0
Lao 6,175 2,995 3,180 0 0 0
Thai 3,360 1,450 1,915 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,250 11,205 11,045 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 1,245 640 610 0 0 0
Turkish 18,955 9,525 9,430 0 0 0
Uyghur 610 315 290 0 0 0
Uzbek 990 505 490 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 455 230 225 0 0 0
Uralic languages 23,245 10,715 12,535 0 0 0
Estonian 975 365 610 0 0 0
Finnish 2,790 1,220 1,565 0 0 0
Hungarian 19,485 9,125 10,355 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,110 605 500 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,663,390 802,695 860,690 845 400 450
English and French 160,185 77,940 82,235 95 45 45
English and non-official language 1,284,975 620,375 664,600 725 335 390
French and non-official language 148,915 70,915 78,000 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language 69,315 33,465 35,850 25 10 10
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080 18,725 9,445 9,280
None 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065 16,185 8,265 7,915
English 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120 775 380 390
French 731,095 342,245 388,855 575 255 315
Non-official language 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750 1,150 515 630
Aboriginal 90,740 42,890 47,850 365 145 220
Non-Aboriginal 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895 785 370 410
English and French 47,970 23,785 24,190 15 5 10
English and non-official language 61,075 30,045 31,030 10 5 5
French and non-official language 48,755 22,690 26,065 30 15 20
English, French and non-official language 2,080 1,075 1,010 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 14,870 7,475 7,395
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 14,465 7,280 7,180
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 67,803 75,979 60,944
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 14,465 7,285 7,180
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 57,961 63,518 52,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 13,745 7,010 6,740
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 68,091 76,466 61,730
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 14,100 7,075 7,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 943 942 1,079
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 13,180 6,735 6,445
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 67,724 75,671 61,259
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 14,910 7,485 7,430
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 14,495 7,305 7,190
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 75,841 83,222 68,345
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 14,495 7,305 7,190
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 61,837 66,801 56,796
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 13,825 7,025 6,800
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 75,761 83,485 67,775
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 14,135 7,130 7,010
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 3,668 2,958 4,390
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 13,215 6,720 6,495
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 74,228 81,807 66,386
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 14,910 7,485 7,425
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 7,520 3,970 3,550
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 88,566 92,906 83,280
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 95,744 101,648 89,140
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 95.3 96.7 93.5
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 88.4 89.3 87.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 4.7 3.3 6.5
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 14,865 7,475 7,395
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 400 190 215
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 14,465 7,280 7,180
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 97.3 97.4 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 1,450 720 730
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 1,090 490 605
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 1,120 470 650
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 1,005 455 550
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 935 410 525
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 935 445 490
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 910 435 480
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 920 410 510
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 930 410 520
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 875 435 440
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 4,290 2,605 1,690
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 3,225 1,865 1,360
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 1,070 740 330
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 14,865 7,470 7,395
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 400 190 210
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 14,460 7,280 7,180
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 97.3 97.5 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 1,475 730 745
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 1,140 515 625
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 1,245 525 725
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 1,215 540 670
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 1,200 575 630
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 1,200 580 625
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 1,210 510 695
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 1,230 615 615
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 4,555 2,700 1,850
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 1,185 580 600
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 1,110 625 485
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 2,265 1,495 765
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 14,865 7,475 7,390
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 1,685 740 945
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 13,180 6,735 6,450
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 88.7 90.1 87.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 900 435 465
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 665 325 335
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 1,030 455 570
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 825 365 450
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 840 390 445
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 835 380 460
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 840 410 430
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 840 385 460
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 905 395 510
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 5,510 3,195 2,320
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 870 395 480
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 810 420 390
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 3,825 2,375 1,450
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080 ... ... 6,870 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336 ... ... 142,490 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348 ... ... 119,247 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790 ... ... 1,525 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174 ... ... 84,261 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446 ... ... 70,290 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290 ... ... 5,350 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249 ... ... 166,750 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419 ... ... 139,114 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075 ... ... 6,880 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764 ... ... 159,735 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171 ... ... 130,240 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765 ... ... 1,530 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799 ... ... 88,105 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685 ... ... 71,483 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315 ... ... 5,355 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813 ... ... 180,129 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890 ... ... 146,968 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075 ... ... 6,875 ... ...
Under $5,000 228,790 ... ... 50 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315 ... ... 45 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575 ... ... 55 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940 ... ... 105 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800 ... ... 120 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710 ... ... 95 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480 ... ... 85 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600 ... ... 110 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110 ... ... 95 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325 ... ... 80 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345 ... ... 220 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415 ... ... 220 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320 ... ... 220 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765 ... ... 285 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655 ... ... 295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920 ... ... 4,800 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255 ... ... 815 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245 ... ... 760 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140 ... ... 1,250 ... ...
$200,000 and over 959,285 ... ... 1,970 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075 ... ... 6,870 ... ...
Under $5,000 243,780 ... ... 50 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865 ... ... 45 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680 ... ... 55 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660 ... ... 110 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740 ... ... 125 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225 ... ... 95 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825 ... ... 110 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675 ... ... 120 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180 ... ... 115 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695 ... ... 105 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680 ... ... 280 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515 ... ... 285 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635 ... ... 355 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055 ... ... 425 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295 ... ... 415 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575 ... ... 4,190 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945 ... ... 980 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540 ... ... 830 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090 ... ... 2,375 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845 ... ... 4,985 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306 ... ... 164,116 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372 ... ... 136,890 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220 ... ... 1,540 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976 ... ... 156,002 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309 ... ... 129,152 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140 ... ... 2,520 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465 ... ... 192,085 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608 ... ... 160,288 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410 ... ... 760 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193 ... ... 94,720 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856 ... ... 81,280 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855 ... ... 4,990 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235 ... ... 177,919 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040 ... ... 144,714 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400 ... ... 1,500 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086 ... ... 173,744 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296 ... ... 138,720 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855 ... ... 2,540 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094 ... ... 202,782 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307 ... ... 165,334 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190 ... ... 755 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549 ... ... 97,676 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687 ... ... 82,295 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 2,860 1,580 1,280
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 63,424 62,720 64,448
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 54,797 54,195 55,936
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 2,845 1,640 1,205
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 74,276 72,445 76,779
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 61,178 59,653 63,264
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 18,615 9,385 9,230
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 3,730 1,845 1,885
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 940 495 450
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 730 345 385
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 545 275 275
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 690 345 345
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 815 380 430
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 14,890 7,545 7,345
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 905 465 445
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 1,280 655 630
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 1,900 945 955
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 3,495 1,760 1,740
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 7,300 3,720 3,580
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 0 0 0
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 0 0 0
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 ... ... ...
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 0 0 0
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 ... ... ...
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 18,695 9,420 9,275
Official languages 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920 18,545 9,355 9,190
English 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995 18,500 9,340 9,170
French 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495 3,125 1,335 1,790
Non-official languages 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090 4,055 1,955 2,105
Aboriginal languages 263,845 127,550 136,295 815 365 450
Algonquian languages 177,570 85,505 92,065 45 20 25
Blackfoot 5,645 2,695 2,950 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 116,585 56,515 60,070 20 10 10
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 11,440 5,500 5,945 0 0 0
Moose Cree 195 80 115 0 0 0
Naskapi 1,465 710 755 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 545 225 320 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5,905 2,705 3,200 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 40 30 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 2,345 995 1,350 0 0 0
Woods Cree 2,665 1,230 1,435 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 86,115 42,080 44,035 20 10 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 9,765 4,710 5,050 0 0 0
Malecite 755 370 390 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 9,025 4,350 4,670 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 46,685 22,100 24,585 25 10 15
Algonquin 2,480 1,165 1,315 10 0 10
Ojibway 28,585 13,365 15,220 15 10 10
Oji-Cree 15,610 7,575 8,030 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 205 105 105 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 23,655 11,340 12,320 680 315 365
Northern Athabaskan languages 23,570 11,300 12,265 680 315 365
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 210 105 100 0 0 0
Beaver 340 180 165 0 0 0
Carrier 2,105 955 1,145 0 0 0
Chilcotin 1,150 535 610 0 0 0
Dene 13,060 6,270 6,790 155 65 95
Dogrib (Tlicho) 2,375 1,210 1,165 430 225 205
Gwich'in 360 165 200 15 10 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 60 90 0 0 0
Sekani 185 85 100 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 2,815 1,340 1,475 135 35 100
North Slavey (Hare) 1,010 475 530 75 0 70
South Slavey 1,365 660 710 25 10 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 680 320 360 65 25 40
Tahltan languages 630 340 285 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 365 205 170 0 0 0
Tahltan 270 140 130 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 420 160 260 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 285 115 170 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 145 50 95 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 0 0 0
Haida 465 205 260 0 0 0
Inuit languages 42,980 21,355 21,630 100 35 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 1,975 895 1,080 25 15 15
Inuktitut 40,620 20,280 20,340 65 25 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 470 225 240 10 10 10
Iroquoian languages 2,800 1,240 1,555 0 0 0
Cayuga 125 40 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 2,415 1,120 1,295 0 0 0
Oneida 180 60 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 0 0 0
Kutenai 175 95 80 0 0 0
Michif 1,210 585 625 0 0 0
Salish languages 5,750 2,730 3,015 0 0 0
Comox 185 75 110 0 0 0
Halkomelem 1,060 475 585 0 0 0
Lillooet 790 405 385 0 0 0
Okanagan 820 370 450 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 1,305 640 665 0 0 0
Squamish 285 125 155 0 0 0
Straits 360 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 450 220 235 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 565 295 270 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5,430 2,665 2,770 0 0 0
Dakota 1,760 870 890 0 0 0
Stoney 3,675 1,805 1,875 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 0 0 0
Tlingit 260 140 120 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 2,730 1,350 1,380 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,305 645 660 0 0 0
Nisga'a 1,060 545 515 0 0 0
Tsimshian 410 180 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,490 680 805 0 0 0
Haisla 175 65 110 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 125 50 75 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 605 285 320 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 565 265 300 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 665 310 360 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660 3,240 1,585 1,655
Afro-Asiatic languages 837,355 432,560 404,795 215 135 80
Berber languages 29,460 15,745 13,715 0 0 10
Kabyle 17,120 9,100 8,015 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 12,505 6,735 5,775 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 57,125 26,870 30,250 30 20 10
Bilen 1,085 625 470 0 0 0
Oromo 6,245 3,070 3,175 0 0 0
Somali 49,665 23,070 26,590 30 20 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 480 220 265 0 0 0
Semitic languages 771,130 400,780 370,350 175 110 65
Amharic 33,670 16,675 16,995 25 10 15
Arabic 629,055 329,235 299,820 130 90 45
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 19,745 9,720 10,020 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 7,115 3,505 3,610 0 0 0
Harari 1,710 855 860 0 0 0
Hebrew 75,020 38,730 36,290 10 0 0
Maltese 7,625 3,760 3,870 0 0 0
Tigrigna 21,340 10,640 10,705 10 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,655 1,565 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,440 1,335 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 224,865 105,845 119,020 210 95 115
Khmer (Cambodian) 27,035 12,640 14,400 0 0 0
Vietnamese 198,895 93,735 105,155 210 90 115
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 190 70 120 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 656,200 273,075 383,125 925 415 510
Bikol 2,075 885 1,190 10 0 0
Cebuano 27,045 10,960 16,085 55 15 35
Fijian 1,660 955 705 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 7,925 3,200 4,720 0 0 0
Ilocano 34,530 13,805 20,730 115 40 75
Malagasy 2,335 1,120 1,220 0 0 0
Malay 22,470 10,370 12,100 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5,425 2,445 2,980 0 10 0
Pangasinan 1,800 790 1,015 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 612,735 253,210 359,530 885 395 485
Waray-Waray 1,395 530 860 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5,585 2,540 3,040 0 0 0
Creole languages 155,615 70,545 85,070 70 25 40
Haitian Creole 6,850 3,140 3,710 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 133,045 59,890 73,160 50 20 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 16,635 7,955 8,675 20 10 15
Dravidian languages 250,180 126,220 123,960 50 30 20
Kannada 8,245 4,180 4,065 0 0 0
Malayalam 37,810 19,410 18,400 45 30 10
Tamil 189,860 94,640 95,220 0 0 0
Telugu 23,160 12,770 10,390 10 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 790 385 405 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 870 435 435 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555 1,240 655 585
Albanian 31,930 16,140 15,790 0 0 0
Armenian 41,295 19,980 21,315 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 817,315 384,960 432,350 145 85 65
Baltic languages 14,675 6,470 8,205 0 0 0
Latvian 6,500 2,960 3,540 0 0 0
Lithuanian 8,185 3,510 4,675 0 0 0
Slavic languages 805,915 379,965 425,945 145 80 65
Belarusan 2,265 1,070 1,195 0 0 0
Bosnian 18,265 9,055 9,215 0 0 0
Bulgarian 22,425 10,920 11,505 0 0 0
Croatian 69,840 34,515 35,325 0 0 0
Czech 28,720 13,675 15,050 10 10 0
Macedonian 23,075 11,190 11,880 20 0 15
Polish 214,965 99,365 115,600 25 25 10
Russian 269,645 127,055 142,595 35 15 20
Serbian 73,775 37,040 36,740 10 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 11,275 5,525 5,750 0 10 0
Slovak 21,470 10,215 11,255 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 11,495 5,205 6,290 0 0 0
Ukrainian 132,115 58,820 73,300 10 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,000 1,590 1,405 0 0 0
Celtic languages 9,165 4,705 4,455 10 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 3,980 2,010 1,975 10 0 0
Welsh 1,690 830 860 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 3,590 1,915 1,680 0 0 0
Germanic languages 695,535 337,215 358,320 360 175 180
Afrikaans 23,410 11,795 11,610 10 10 0
Danish 15,745 7,320 8,425 0 0 0
Dutch 120,865 57,885 62,990 55 30 20
Frisian 2,910 1,515 1,395 10 0 0
German 502,730 245,745 256,985 290 145 150
Icelandic 1,780 830 945 0 0 0
Norwegian 8,120 3,860 4,260 0 0 0
Swedish 14,140 6,510 7,635 10 0 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 4,400 1,945 2,455 0 0 0
Yiddish 20,985 10,435 10,550 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 8,710 4,425 4,285 0 0 0
Greek 150,965 75,510 75,455 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 1,658,220 840,850 817,365 330 190 135
Indo-Aryan languages 1,387,805 704,370 683,435 285 170 110
Bengali 91,220 46,935 44,285 95 60 35
Gujarati 149,045 74,765 74,285 20 20 0
Hindi 433,365 221,665 211,700 85 50 35
Kashmiri 905 490 420 0 0 0
Konkani 6,790 3,185 3,605 0 0 0
Marathi 15,570 8,200 7,365 0 0 0
Nepali 21,380 10,915 10,470 10 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 1,535 755 775 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 668,240 341,450 326,790 70 45 25
Sindhi 20,260 9,310 10,945 10 10 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 27,825 13,970 13,855 10 0 0
Urdu 322,220 164,685 157,535 80 50 35
Iranian languages 281,715 142,030 139,680 45 15 25
Kurdish 15,290 8,290 7,000 0 0 0
Pashto 23,180 12,465 10,715 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 252,320 126,565 125,755 45 20 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 8,875 4,715 4,155 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,897,630 898,530 999,100 450 225 225
Catalan 2,035 1,145 890 0 0 0
Italian 574,725 278,500 296,225 70 40 25
Portuguese 295,955 144,465 151,485 35 25 10
Romanian 115,050 55,275 59,770 0 0 10
Spanish 995,255 460,250 535,010 375 180 195
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 2,680 1,610 1,075 0 0 0
Japanese 83,090 36,760 46,335 105 30 80
Kartvelian languages 2,150 1,075 1,075 0 0 0
Georgian 2,150 1,080 1,070 0 0 0
Korean 172,755 80,170 92,590 80 35 45
Mongolic languages 2,090 960 1,130 0 0 10
Mongolian 2,090 960 1,130 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 177,215 88,135 89,080 190 105 85
Akan (Twi) 22,145 10,810 11,340 15 10 10
Bamanankan 3,190 1,660 1,530 0 0 0
Edo 3,220 1,510 1,705 0 0 0
Ewe 3,000 1,685 1,315 0 10 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 4,725 2,460 2,260 0 0 0
Ga 2,250 1,140 1,110 0 0 0
Ganda 2,495 1,175 1,320 30 25 10
Igbo 8,850 4,710 4,140 15 10 10
Lingala 17,010 7,865 9,145 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 8,590 4,075 4,515 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 7,860 3,600 4,260 10 10 0
Shona 5,425 2,530 2,905 65 30 35
Swahili 38,680 19,565 19,115 0 0 10
Wolof 8,240 4,455 3,785 0 0 0
Yoruba 22,420 11,475 10,940 15 0 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40,760 20,375 20,385 45 20 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 7,015 3,520 3,495 0 0 0
Dinka 2,475 1,280 1,190 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 4,555 2,240 2,315 0 0 0
Sign languages 48,115 18,985 29,130 15 10 10
American Sign Language 21,930 7,780 14,155 15 10 10
Quebec Sign Language 4,665 1,665 3,005 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 22,275 9,835 12,440 10 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,430,440 672,100 758,340 170 70 100
Chinese languages 1,413,110 663,465 749,640 170 70 100
Cantonese 699,125 325,840 373,285 75 40 40
Hakka 12,445 5,555 6,890 0 0 0
Mandarin 814,450 377,635 436,815 75 30 45
Min Dong 1,045 440 600 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 42,840 19,005 23,835 15 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 16,530 7,490 9,040 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,690 19,995 21,690 15 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 590 250 340 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 18,270 9,100 9,175 0 0 0
Burmese 4,995 2,490 2,500 0 0 0
Karenic languages 4,895 2,425 2,475 0 0 0
Tibetan 7,050 3,555 3,490 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,160 1,220 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 30,400 13,210 17,195 10 0 10
Lao 17,235 8,240 8,990 0 0 0
Thai 15,390 5,875 9,520 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60,530 31,585 28,945 10 0 0
Azerbaijani 5,450 2,885 2,565 0 0 0
Turkish 50,775 26,605 24,165 10 10 0
Uyghur 1,385 685 700 0 0 0
Uzbek 2,465 1,230 1,235 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 1,870 905 965 0 0 0
Uralic languages 94,810 44,270 50,545 20 10 10
Estonian 6,070 2,750 3,315 0 0 0
Finnish 17,595 7,540 10,050 0 0 0
Hungarian 71,285 34,005 37,280 15 10 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 9,730 5,375 4,355 0 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 18,700 9,425 9,275
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 17,435 8,795 8,635
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 4,315 2,200 2,115
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 13,115 6,595 6,525
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 1,260 620 635
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 18,695 9,420 9,275
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 15,685 7,880 7,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 2,765 1,405 1,360
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 485 255 225
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 300 150 145
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 465 275 190
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 830 395 440
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 385 195 190
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 445 200 245
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 685 325 355
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 245 140 105
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 2,765 1,405 1,360
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 275 150 125
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 500 295 215
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 545 280 270
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 1,185 545 635
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 255 135 125
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 2,765 1,405 1,360
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 275 125 155
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 10 0 0
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 10 0 10
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 20 10 10
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 0 0 0
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 10 0 10
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 60 25 40
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 0 0 10
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 10 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 115 60 55
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 40 15 25
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 525 310 215
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 0 0 0
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 10 10 0
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 15 15 0
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 95 55 45
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 10 0 0
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 0 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 15 15 0
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 30 25 0
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 25 20 10
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 0 0 0
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 0 0 0
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 10 0 10
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 10 10 0
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 10 0 0
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 0 0 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 235 110 120
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 65 40 30
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 380 210 165
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 10 10 0
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 0 0 0
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 30 10 15
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 0 0 0
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 15 10 10
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 20 20 0
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 20 20 10
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 35 15 15
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870 245 130 115
Asia 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175 1,560 750 815
Afghanistan 51,955 26,030 25,930 0 10 0
Bangladesh 58,735 29,875 28,865 60 35 25
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 649,260 290,800 358,460 80 40 35
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 208,940 98,020 110,915 25 15 10
India 668,565 334,030 334,540 145 95 45
IranCensus data footnote 61 154,425 77,970 76,455 30 15 15
Iraq 68,485 34,785 33,705 0 0 0
Japan 27,240 7,955 19,285 55 10 50
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 123,305 57,170 66,140 65 30 30
Lebanon 88,745 47,295 41,450 0 0 0
Pakistan 202,260 103,225 99,035 45 20 20
Philippines 588,305 247,095 341,210 775 355 425
Sri Lanka 131,995 64,825 67,170 10 0 10
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 52,960 26,595 26,365 0 0 0
Taiwan 63,770 28,170 35,605 0 0 10
Viet Nam 169,250 78,000 91,250 170 75 95
Other places of birth in Asia 320,965 158,150 162,815 80 35 50
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 57,030 28,210 28,825 20 10 10
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,212,075 582,180 629,895 685 330 355
Americas 152,595 72,870 79,720 50 10 35
Brazil 8,500 4,000 4,490 0 0 10
Colombia 15,300 6,885 8,415 0 0 0
Cuba 5,370 2,545 2,820 0 0 0
Haiti 19,985 9,160 10,830 0 0 0
Jamaica 12,495 6,680 5,820 30 0 25
Mexico 18,660 9,090 9,575 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 33,060 16,480 16,580 0 10 10
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 6,425 2,990 3,435 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 32,790 15,040 17,750 10 0 0
Europe 140,030 70,995 69,035 45 25 20
France 24,150 13,000 11,150 10 0 0
Germany 6,300 3,255 3,045 10 0 0
Ireland