Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada

[Country]
Canada

[Country]
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Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 915,555 439,245 476,310 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 1,486,655 696,720 789,940 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 928,935 439,890 489,050 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 500,680 555,415 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,212,075 582,175 629,895 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 506,625 260,755 245,870 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 731,340 364,165 367,175 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 665,870 645,945 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 1,604,430 724,430 880,005 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 694,320 318,060 376,260 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 1,128,745 510,650 618,100 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 29,320 13,235 16,080 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 70,035 32,065 37,965 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 48,080 23,865 24,215 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 87,685 38,940 48,745 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 93,480 40,955 52,525 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 138,345 59,960 78,390 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 80,585 37,530 43,055 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 29,615 12,950 16,665 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 65,040 29,325 35,710 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 253,715 113,505 140,215 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 232,850 108,325 124,530 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 18,050 18,085 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 40,045 20,005 20,035 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 105,565 55,395 50,170 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 145,845 69,525 76,320 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 62,715 31,580 31,135 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 36,820 17,945 18,875 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 28,325 14,355 13,970 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 236,640 118,595 118,040 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 88,475 45,185 43,295 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 146,465 66,450 80,020 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 139,450 68,150 71,300 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 90,305 42,795 47,510 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 78,685 34,265 44,420 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 33,320 16,325 17,000 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 73,030 33,360 39,665 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 499,115 243,225 255,890 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 119,945 127,530 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 637,485 322,510 314,970 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 64,620 33,920 30,705 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 64,615 34,125 30,495 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 32,790 15,980 16,810 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 27,150 12,810 14,340 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 69,655 36,120 33,535 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 42,430 21,830 20,600 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 27,230 12,070 15,160 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 22,205 22,460 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 133,450 130,870 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 51,955 26,030 25,930 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 58,735 29,875 28,865 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 649,260 290,800 358,460 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 208,940 98,020 110,915 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 668,565 334,030 334,540 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 154,425 77,970 76,455 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 68,485 34,785 33,705 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 27,240 7,955 19,285 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 123,305 57,170 66,140 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 88,745 47,295 41,450 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 202,260 103,225 99,035 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 588,305 247,095 341,210 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 131,995 64,825 67,170 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 52,960 26,595 26,365 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 63,770 28,170 35,605 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 169,250 78,000 91,250 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 320,965 158,150 162,815 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 57,030 28,210 28,825 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,212,075 582,180 629,895 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 152,595 72,870 79,720 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 8,500 4,000 4,490 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 15,300 6,885 8,415 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 5,370 2,545 2,820 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 19,985 9,160 10,830 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 12,495 6,680 5,820 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 18,660 9,090 9,575 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 33,060 16,480 16,580 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 6,425 2,990 3,435 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 32,790 15,040 17,750 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 140,030 70,995 69,035 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 24,150 13,000 11,150 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 6,300 3,255 3,045 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 5,660 3,540 2,120 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 5,900 2,735 3,165 5,900 2,735 3,165
Romania 7,610 3,330 4,280 7,610 3,330 4,280
Russian Federation 11,565 4,485 7,080 11,565 4,485 7,080
Ukraine 13,425 6,015 7,410 13,425 6,015 7,410
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 24,445 14,235 10,215 24,445 14,235 10,215
Other places of birth in Europe 40,970 20,405 20,570 40,970 20,405 20,570
Africa 162,800 81,545 81,245 162,800 81,545 81,245
Algeria 17,175 8,440 8,735 17,175 8,440 8,735
Cameroon 10,265 5,005 5,255 10,265 5,005 5,255
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 7,400 3,570 3,835 7,400 3,570 3,835
Côte d'Ivoire 6,240 3,030 3,210 6,240 3,030 3,210
Egypt 16,115 8,445 7,665 16,115 8,445 7,665
Eritrea 6,050 3,195 2,855 6,050 3,195 2,855
Ethiopia 7,510 3,625 3,890 7,510 3,625 3,890
Morocco 15,105 7,470 7,635 15,105 7,470 7,635
Nigeria 17,285 8,850 8,435 17,285 8,850 8,435
Somalia 5,335 2,600 2,730 5,335 2,600 2,730
South Africa, Republic of 5,765 2,935 2,830 5,765 2,935 2,830
Tunisia 6,700 3,475 3,230 6,700 3,475 3,230
Other places of birth in Africa 41,855 20,905 20,950 41,855 20,905 20,950
Asia 748,700 352,095 396,610 748,700 352,095 396,610
Afghanistan 9,240 4,530 4,710 9,240 4,530 4,710
Bangladesh 12,900 6,445 6,460 12,900 6,445 6,460
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 129,020 57,745 71,270 129,020 57,745 71,270
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,975 2,090 2,880 4,975 2,090 2,880
India 147,190 75,145 72,045 147,190 75,145 72,045
IranCensus data footnote 61 42,070 20,580 21,490 42,070 20,580 21,490
Iraq 20,665 10,345 10,320 20,665 10,345 10,320
Israel 4,740 2,615 2,130 4,740 2,615 2,130
Japan 4,905 1,250 3,655 4,905 1,250 3,655
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 21,710 9,630 12,075 21,710 9,630 12,075
Lebanon 9,375 4,980 4,400 9,375 4,980 4,400
Nepal 7,505 3,780 3,715 7,505 3,780 3,715
Pakistan 41,480 20,530 20,945 41,480 20,530 20,945
Philippines 188,810 83,050 105,760 188,810 83,050 105,760
Saudi Arabia 5,465 2,820 2,640 5,465 2,820 2,640
Sri Lanka 11,495 5,190 6,305 11,495 5,190 6,305
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 29,945 15,245 14,700 29,945 15,245 14,700
Taiwan 4,310 1,685 2,625 4,310 1,685 2,625
Turkey 4,255 2,365 1,890 4,255 2,365 1,890
United Arab Emirates 6,135 3,220 2,910 6,135 3,220 2,910
Viet Nam 11,210 4,500 6,705 11,210 4,500 6,705
Other places of birth in Asia 31,320 14,345 16,970 31,320 14,345 16,970
Oceania and otherCensus data footnote 64 7,955 4,670 3,280 7,955 4,670 3,280
Australia 4,965 2,950 2,010 4,965 2,950 2,010
Other places of birthCensus data footnote 67 2,990 1,720 1,270 2,990 1,720 1,270
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 68 34,460,060 16,971,575 17,488,485 34,460,060 16,971,575 17,488,485
First generationCensus data footnote 69 8,219,555 3,936,045 4,283,505 8,219,555 3,936,045 4,283,505
Second generationCensus data footnote 70 6,100,725 3,053,075 3,047,650 6,100,725 3,053,075 3,047,650
Third generation or moreCensus data footnote 71 20,139,790 9,982,460 10,157,330 20,139,790 9,982,460 10,157,330
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who landed between 1980 and 2016 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 72 5,703,615 2,709,530 2,994,085 5,703,615 2,709,530 2,994,085
Economic immigrantsCensus data footnote 73 2,994,130 1,496,240 1,497,885 2,994,130 1,496,240 1,497,885
Principal applicantsCensus data footnote 74 1,220,755 755,370 465,380 1,220,755 755,370 465,380
Secondary applicantsCensus data footnote 75 1,773,380 740,870 1,032,510 1,773,380 740,870 1,032,510
Immigrants sponsored by familyCensus data footnote 76 1,782,490 728,085 1,054,400 1,782,490 728,085 1,054,400
RefugeesCensus data footnote 77 858,845 453,675 405,175 858,845 453,675 405,175
Other immigrantsCensus data footnote 78 68,145 31,530 36,615 68,145 31,530 36,615

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Canada [Country] and Canada [Country] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 19, 2019).

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