Census Profile, 2016 Census
Canada [Country] and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,204 40,782 28,860 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,866 35,933 26,621 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,762 39,925 26,613 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,453 4,199 6,136 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,684 39,836 28,474 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 56,740 38,632 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 45,404 32,828 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 56,803 36,962 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,345 8,050 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 54,369 37,193 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,431 59,326 47,420 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 65,997 74,289 55,510 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.3 91.6 83.7 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.0 75.2 67.7 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.7 8.4 16.3 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 1,154,450 546,285 608,165 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 1,655,070 938,755 716,310 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 1,271,850 745,830 526,015 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 966,885 579,290 387,590 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 749,290 452,240 297,050 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 773,025 579,190 193,830 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 1,143,795 541,620 602,175 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 1,540,300 912,230 628,065 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,180 654,570 421,610 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 688,705 444,550 244,145 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 420,975 291,090 129,885 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 1,095,140 804,690 290,445 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 71.3 75.4 67.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 1,602,140 697,025 905,120 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 1,928,565 946,625 981,940 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 1,554,100 839,045 715,055 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,310 708,270 512,040 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 992,170 591,945 400,225 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 773,755 475,700 298,055 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 623,980 382,330 241,650 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,072,080 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,336 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,348 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,969,790 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,174 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,446 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,102,290 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,249 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,419 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,072,075 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,764 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,171 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,967,765 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,799 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,685 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,104,315 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,813 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,890 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,072,075 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 228,790 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 200,315 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 374,575 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 565,940 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 602,800 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 538,710 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 603,480 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 606,600 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 596,110 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 578,325 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,097,345 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,010,415 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 924,320 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 836,765 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 745,655 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,561,920 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,470,255 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,016,245 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,116,140 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 959,285 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,072,075 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 243,780 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 203,865 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 380,680 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 591,660 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 673,740 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 628,225 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 719,825 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 725,675 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 711,180 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 691,695 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,299,680 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,169,515 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,041,635 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 900,055 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 757,295 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,333,575 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,371,945 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 809,540 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,152,090 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 9,688,845 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,306 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,372 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,706,220 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,976 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,309 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,222,140 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,465 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,608 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,481,410 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,193 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,856 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 9,689,855 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,235 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,040 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,706,400 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,086 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,296 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,225,855 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,094 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,307 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,477,190 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,549 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,687 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,890 34,483 29,801 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,959 30,746 27,495 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,939 46,085 39,915 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,801 37,724 33,952 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 1,163,830 597,570 566,255 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 396,095 203,055 193,030 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 790,825 304,040 486,780 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.1 17.0 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.5 13.8 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.0 16.7 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 696,025 357,255 338,770 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 236,435 121,170 115,260 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 275,225 104,525 170,695 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.9 10.0 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 5.1 4.1 5.9

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Canada [Country] and Canada [Country] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 22, 2021).

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