Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nova Scotia [Province] and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nova Scotia

[Province]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : Nova Scotia [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 923,598 ... ... 747,101 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 921,727 ... ... 751,171 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.2 ... ... -0.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 458,568 ... ... 359,721 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 401,990 ... ... 319,773 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.4 ... ... 10.5 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 52,942.27 ... ... 71,388.81 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 923,600 446,885 476,715 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 133,825 68,370 65,455 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 42,005 21,365 20,640 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 45,980 23,650 22,330 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 45,845 23,350 22,490 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 605,950 295,100 310,845 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 51,255 26,240 25,015 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 56,160 28,150 28,010 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 53,725 26,790 26,940 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 51,730 25,130 26,600 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 52,010 24,560 27,450 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 57,050 27,245 29,805 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 61,890 29,720 32,170 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 75,675 36,615 39,065 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 76,505 36,925 39,580 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 69,960 33,735 36,225 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 183,820 83,415 100,405 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 63,710 30,810 32,905 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 45,005 21,520 23,485 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 31,545 14,520 17,030 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 21,915 9,425 12,495 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 21,645 7,140 14,505 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 13,205 4,845 8,360 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 6,320 1,830 4,485 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 1,855 415 1,430 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 270 45 225 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.3 13.7 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.0 65.2 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.1 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 43.5 42.5 44.4 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 45.5 44.5 46.4 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 401,990 ... ... 319,770 ... ...
Single-detached house 263,470 ... ... 221,515 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,350 ... ... 3,945 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,300 ... ... 80,515 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,465 ... ... 12,470 ... ...
Row house 10,215 ... ... 9,015 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 12,435 ... ... 13,545 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 58,405 ... ... 44,260 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 1,230 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,870 ... ... 13,795 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 401,990 ... ... 319,775 ... ...
1 person 118,670 ... ... 89,480 ... ...
2 persons 156,825 ... ... 126,820 ... ...
3 persons 60,250 ... ... 49,465 ... ...
4 persons 44,970 ... ... 37,625 ... ...
5 or more persons 21,275 ... ... 16,385 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 908,340 ... ... 730,705 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 789,770 378,515 411,255 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 454,970 227,220 227,750 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 369,695 184,705 184,990 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 85,275 42,515 42,760 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 334,800 151,295 183,505 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 209,455 110,175 99,280 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 24,105 10,450 13,655 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 48,835 19,715 29,115 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 52,405 10,955 41,455 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 270,965 ... ... 222,865 ... ...
2 persons 157,600 ... ... 129,065 ... ...
3 persons 56,625 ... ... 47,015 ... ...
4 persons 41,095 ... ... 34,860 ... ...
5 or more persons 15,645 ... ... 11,920 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 270,965 ... ... 222,865 ... ...
Total couple families 224,065 ... ... 186,680 ... ...
Married couples 181,435 ... ... 147,900 ... ...
Common-law couples 42,630 ... ... 38,780 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,900 ... ... 36,185 ... ...
Female parent 37,595 ... ... 28,650 ... ...
Male parent 9,305 ... ... 7,530 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 224,065 ... ... 186,675 ... ...
Couples without children 128,125 ... ... 105,625 ... ...
Couples with children 95,940 ... ... 81,060 ... ...
1 child 43,810 ... ... 37,440 ... ...
2 children 37,595 ... ... 32,380 ... ...
3 or more children 14,535 ... ... 11,235 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,900 ... ... 36,185 ... ...
1 child 29,480 ... ... 23,440 ... ...
2 children 12,810 ... ... 9,570 ... ...
3 or more children 4,610 ... ... 3,170 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 175,575 81,140 94,435 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 401,990 ... ... 319,770 ... ...
One-census-family households 260,280 ... ... 214,235 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,000 ... ... 102,170 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 136,280 ... ... 112,070 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,285 ... ... 4,280 ... ...
Non-census-family households 136,425 ... ... 101,255 ... ...
One-person households 118,675 ... ... 89,480 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,750 ... ... 11,775 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 912,300 442,470 469,830 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 813,480 398,950 414,530 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 705 305 400 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 95,380 41,925 53,460 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 2,735 1,295 1,440 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 912,295 442,470 469,830 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 879,465 426,535 452,930 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 28,490 13,890 14,600 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 1,760 825 930 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 2,585 1,215 1,365 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 29,370 14,300 15,070 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.2 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 912,295 442,470 469,830 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 904,240 438,550 465,690 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 859,690 416,245 443,445 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 830,220 401,980 428,240 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 29,465 14,265 15,205 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 44,550 22,305 22,245 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 4,290 2,020 2,270 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 4,210 1,985 2,225 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 4,190 1,975 2,215 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 10 5 5 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 4,185 1,970 2,215 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 60 30 35 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 55 30 30 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,260 20,285 19,975 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,760 4,275 3,480 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 10 10 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 130 65 65 30 15 20
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 60 30 25 5 5 5
Somali 50 20 30 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Semitic languages 7,615 4,205 3,415 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 115 50 65 65 35 25
Arabic 7,110 3,950 3,165 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 210 115 95 170 90 80
Maltese 15 10 5 0 0 5
Tigrigna 140 65 80 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 245 260 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 10 5 10
Vietnamese 490 240 250 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,235 940 1,300 1,375 510 865
Bikol 5 5 5 5 0 5
Cebuano 150 60 90 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 15 5 10
Ilocano 55 15 40 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 5 0 15 5 10
Malay 55 25 35 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 5 0 5
Pangasinan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,905 810 1,090 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 15 5 10
Creole languages 95 60 35 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 10 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 1,010 595 420 285 155 130
Kannada 40 20 15 20 15 10
Malayalam 365 205 165 40 15 20
Tamil 315 185 130 105 60 50
Telugu 285 180 110 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 18,590 9,320 9,270 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 275 130 140 50 25 25
Armenian 35 30 10 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 3,470 1,645 1,830 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 100 35 60 55 30 30
Latvian 50 20 30 25 10 10
Lithuanian 45 15 30 35 15 15
Slavic languages 3,375 1,610 1,765 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 5 5 5 5 5 0
Bosnian 120 60 65 50 25 25
Bulgarian 55 25 30 20 10 10
Croatian 225 105 115 75 35 40
Czech 205 105 100 55 25 25
Macedonian 20 10 15 15 10 5
Polish 795 365 435 230 105 125
Russian 1,285 615 670 880 440 435
Serbian 115 60 65 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 40 35 15 20
Slovak 100 45 55 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 15 10 10
Ukrainian 320 155 170 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages 185 80 100 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 145 65 85 15 5 10
Welsh 30 10 15 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 5 0
Germanic languages 5,700 2,800 2,900 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 120 55 60 50 30 25
Danish 160 105 60 125 55 75
Dutch 1,620 815 805 885 470 410
Frisian 35 20 15 35 25 10
German 3,435 1,645 1,790 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 45 20 20 5 0 0
Norwegian 110 60 50 40 25 20
Swedish 110 45 65 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 20 10 10
Yiddish 20 10 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 5 0 0
Greek 760 390 365 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,650 2,190 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 3,385 1,895 1,490 1,175 655 525
Bengali 475 290 185 205 120 85
Gujarati 195 125 70 75 40 30
Hindi 745 445 300 225 135 95
Kashmiri 10 5 5 0 0 0
Konkani 5 5 5 10 5 5
Marathi 70 35 35 50 20 25
Nepali 530 255 275 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 310 270 125 75 50
Sindhi 20 10 5 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 85 85 30 15 15
Urdu 575 330 245 240 140 100
Iranian languages 1,425 740 690 655 355 305
Kurdish 115 65 50 55 30 25
Pashto 80 45 35 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 1,230 630 605 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 3,335 1,605 1,730 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 10 5 5 5 5 0
Italian 745 400 340 400 225 175
Portuguese 520 245 270 260 130 130
Romanian 225 110 120 485 250 240
Spanish 1,830 840 985 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Japanese 360 100 260 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 1,095 475 620 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 5 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 630 325 305 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 40 25 25 25 10 10
Bamanankan 15 5 5 60 35 25
Edo 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ewe 40 25 10 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 40 30 15
Ga 10 5 5 5 5 5
Ganda 20 5 15 10 0 0
Igbo 45 20 20 30 20 10
Lingala 5 0 5 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 15 30 40 20 20
Shona 30 15 15 20 10 10
Swahili 135 65 70 135 65 70
Wolof 10 10 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 65 35 30 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 40 5 0 0
Dinka 20 10 10 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 5 0 0
Sign languages 190 90 100 145 75 70
American Sign Language 85 40 50 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 50 55 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,665 3,335 3,330 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 6,635 3,320 3,315 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 1,145 535 610 440 225 210
Hakka 20 5 15 20 10 10
Mandarin 4,640 2,325 2,315 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 50 70 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 20 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 645 365 280 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 30 15 15
Burmese 15 5 10 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 155 55 100 60 15 50
Lao 10 0 5 5 0 0
Thai 150 50 100 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 445 240 205 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 5 5 5
Turkish 305 165 140 75 50 30
Uyghur 5 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 110 60 50 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 415 180 235 250 115 135
Estonian 40 20 25 20 5 10
Finnish 95 30 60 45 15 30
Hungarian 275 130 150 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 25 10 10
Multiple responses 8,060 3,920 4,140 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 3,445 1,600 1,850 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 4,180 2,110 2,070 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 225 115 105 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 210 90 120 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 912,300 442,470 469,830 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 900,755 436,755 464,000 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 878,015 425,220 452,795 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 863,550 418,315 445,240 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 14,460 6,910 7,560 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 22,740 11,540 11,205 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 2,570 1,285 1,295 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 2,565 1,280 1,285 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,560 1,280 1,280 815 395 420
Malecite 0 0 0 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 2,560 1,275 1,280 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,170 10,255 9,915 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,630 2,450 2,180 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 85 40 45 20 10 10
Bilen 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 45 20 25 0 0 0
Somali 25 10 15 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 0 0 0
Semitic languages 4,540 2,405 2,130 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 55 25 30 20 10 10
Arabic 4,260 2,270 1,990 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 125 70 55 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 95 40 55 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 160 165 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 330 165 170 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,140 550 585 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 55 20 35 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ilocano 15 5 5 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 5 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,065 520 545 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 35 20 20 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 425 240 185 110 60 45
Kannada 15 5 10 5 0 0
Malayalam 140 75 60 20 5 10
Tamil 140 80 60 35 20 20
Telugu 125 80 50 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,410 3,715 3,690 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 110 60 55 30 15 10
Armenian 15 10 10 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 680 720 975 505 470
Baltic languages 30 10 15 35 20 15
Latvian 10 5 10 10 5 5
Lithuanian 15 5 10 25 15 10
Slavic languages 1,375 675 700 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 65 30 30 25 15 10
Bulgarian 25 15 10 5 5 0
Croatian 65 25 40 25 10 15
Czech 45 25 20 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 235 105 125 55 25 30
Russian 785 385 390 620 320 305
Serbian 60 25 35 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 10 5 5 5
Slovak 20 10 15 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 55 30 20 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 60 35 30 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 60 35 30 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,490 725 760 640 320 320
Afrikaans 30 15 15 35 15 20
Danish 15 0 15 5 5 5
Dutch 135 70 70 150 80 75
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 5
German 1,225 600 625 425 215 210
Icelandic 30 10 15 0 0 0
Norwegian 20 5 10 5 0 5
Swedish 15 5 5 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Greek 270 135 130 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 2,815 1,475 1,335 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 1,850 995 860 655 335 325
Bengali 250 135 115 130 70 60
Gujarati 100 60 35 40 15 20
Hindi 310 190 120 115 60 50
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 30 15 15 20 10 10
Nepali 475 235 240 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 125 125 50 25 25
Sindhi 5 5 0 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50 5 5 5
Urdu 340 175 165 140 75 70
Iranian languages 960 475 480 470 255 220
Kurdish 85 50 40 35 25 10
Pashto 45 20 20 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 825 405 420 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 1,240 595 645 1,305 705 600
Catalan 5 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 165 70 85 85 40 45
Portuguese 195 90 105 110 50 60
Romanian 70 35 35 290 145 140
Spanish 810 390 420 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 110 35 70 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 710 330 385 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 165 80 85 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 15 5 5 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 0 0 0
Igbo 15 5 5 5 5 0
Lingala 0 5 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 60 30 35 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20 0 0 0
Dinka 10 5 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages 285 145 140 200 115 85
American Sign Language 110 55 60 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 175 90 80 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,550 2,345 2,200 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 4,545 2,345 2,200 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 640 335 310 260 130 130
Hakka 5 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 3,410 1,740 1,675 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 25 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 415 235 180 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 35 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 55 15 35 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 215 110 105 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 0 0 0
Turkish 140 70 75 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 70 40 30 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 75 35 40 70 35 40
Estonian 5 5 5 5 0 0
Finnish 15 10 5 5 5 5
Hungarian 55 25 30 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 11,540 5,715 5,825 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 2,180 995 1,185 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 8,970 4,515 4,450 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 75 40 30 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 315 155 160 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 912,295 442,470 469,825 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 861,780 418,525 443,260 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 17,005 8,480 8,525 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 16,390 7,210 9,175 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 16,275 7,850 8,420 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 2,135 930 1,205 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 14,135 6,920 7,220 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 150 70 80 180 90 90
English and non-official language 220 105 115 300 160 145
French and non-official language 470 230 245 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 774,750 372,455 402,290 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,260 358,055 386,205 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,813 38,379 26,750 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,545 358,085 386,455 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,627 33,642 24,590 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 648,960 320,380 328,580 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,938 36,363 24,497 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 554,985 243,860 311,130 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,438 8,175 6,961 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 523,020 264,375 258,645 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 35,676 25,405 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 774,750 372,455 402,295 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,275 357,820 386,455 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,479 49,413 34,132 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,560 357,855 386,710 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,175 39,776 28,993 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 648,910 320,370 328,540 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,299 48,457 32,345 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 555,740 243,445 312,295 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,495 8,859 8,211 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 523,020 264,475 258,545 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,522 46,606 32,275 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 774,750 372,455 402,295 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 245,425 131,095 114,325 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,665 53,785 42,236 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,820 63,886 48,717 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.6 87.7 80.7 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.9 69.7 63.3 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.4 12.3 19.3 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 774,750 372,455 402,295 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 30,485 14,395 16,090 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 744,265 358,060 386,205 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 104,125 43,575 60,545 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 134,355 50,310 84,050 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 114,855 47,195 67,660 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 98,325 45,040 53,280 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 79,435 39,605 39,830 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 57,255 32,255 25,000 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 41,715 25,830 15,885 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 33,195 19,945 13,250 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 25,500 14,900 10,605 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 15,530 10,095 5,435 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 39,965 29,300 10,665 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 28,130 20,205 7,925 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 11,835 9,095 2,745 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 774,750 372,455 402,295 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 30,205 14,370 15,840 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 744,540 358,085 386,455 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,630 44,435 64,195 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 142,975 54,160 88,815 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 138,435 58,900 79,535 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 119,130 56,990 62,145 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 84,245 46,675 37,565 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 56,235 34,590 21,645 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 39,320 23,195 16,125 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 21,210 13,950 7,260 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 34,360 25,185 9,170 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 11,615 8,185 3,430 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 6,825 4,950 1,875 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 15,915 12,050 3,860 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 774,745 372,455 402,295 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 251,730 108,080 143,650 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 523,020 264,370 258,640 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 67.5 71.0 64.3 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 72,940 34,125 38,820 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 45,820 19,475 26,350 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 76,685 33,555 43,130 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 66,155 29,385 36,770 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 60,485 27,455 33,035 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 49,395 24,470 24,925 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 37,685 21,735 15,955 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 28,695 17,955 10,740 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 24,970 14,750 10,220 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 60,175 41,470 18,705 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 20,175 11,645 8,535 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 11,685 7,975 3,715 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 28,310 21,850 6,460 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 401,990 ... ... 319,770 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,764 ... ... 59,347 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,129 ... ... 52,553 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 118,670 ... ... 89,480 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,377 ... ... 28,747 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,511 ... ... 26,387 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 283,320 ... ... 230,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,136 ... ... 74,207 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,538 ... ... 65,063 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 401,990 ... ... 319,775 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,797 ... ... 72,786 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,299 ... ... 61,431 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 118,705 ... ... 89,455 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,601 ... ... 36,505 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,962 ... ... 31,242 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 283,285 ... ... 230,320 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,383 ... ... 86,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,011 ... ... 73,156 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 401,990 ... ... 319,775 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,830 ... ... 3,940 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,755 ... ... 7,800 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,330 ... ... 6,835 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,155 ... ... 17,765 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,210 ... ... 16,400 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,700 ... ... 16,335 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,645 ... ... 17,830 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,995 ... ... 16,875 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,285 ... ... 15,365 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,235 ... ... 14,845 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,450 ... ... 27,735 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,470 ... ... 25,205 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755 ... ... 22,750 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,340 ... ... 19,415 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,240 ... ... 16,030 ... ...
$100,000 and over 100,600 ... ... 74,655 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 38,090 ... ... 29,535 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,330 ... ... 18,605 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,445 ... ... 17,050 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,730 ... ... 9,460 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 401,990 ... ... 319,770 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,145 ... ... 4,090 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,885 ... ... 7,880 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,545 ... ... 6,980 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,370 ... ... 18,630 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 23,030 ... ... 18,705 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,365 ... ... 18,580 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,495 ... ... 20,540 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,945 ... ... 19,550 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,630 ... ... 18,165 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,635 ... ... 17,920 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,585 ... ... 32,930 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,920 ... ... 29,175 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,795 ... ... 23,970 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,160 ... ... 19,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,275 ... ... 15,105 ... ...
$100,000 and over 64,210 ... ... 48,225 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,985 ... ... 25,135 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,940 ... ... 11,980 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,280 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 269,560 ... ... 221,680 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,529 ... ... 74,353 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,728 ... ... 65,100 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 121,200 ... ... 99,865 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,495 ... ... 67,988 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,883 ... ... 59,801 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 97,460 ... ... 82,260 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,981 ... ... 100,315 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,099 ... ... 85,717 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,560 ... ... 33,580 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,597 ... ... 42,992 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,309 ... ... 40,671 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 269,510 ... ... 221,740 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,027 ... ... 87,048 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,371 ... ... 73,197 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 121,285 ... ... 99,840 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,511 ... ... 79,085 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,143 ... ... 66,576 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 97,490 ... ... 82,415 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,890 ... ... 111,901 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,021 ... ... 92,699 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 43,470 ... ... 33,455 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,587 ... ... 51,119 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,700 ... ... 45,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,715 73,825 83,890 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,180 30,235 26,673 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,848 27,176 24,859 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,410 73,440 83,970 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,847 38,945 35,012 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,893 31,946 29,973 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 908,340 440,700 467,640 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 519,830 244,725 275,105 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 105,810 49,730 56,080 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 112,825 49,900 62,920 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 102,515 48,345 54,175 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 100,645 48,515 52,130 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 98,030 48,235 49,800 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 388,510 195,975 192,540 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 94,350 47,240 47,110 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 89,765 45,260 44,505 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 83,140 41,815 41,330 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 69,850 35,450 34,400 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 51,410 26,210 25,195 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 898,345 435,895 462,450 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 159,820 81,670 78,150 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 49,595 25,280 24,310 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 565,395 274,120 291,275 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 173,125 80,100 93,025 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 154,955 70,415 84,540 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 35,525 18,145 17,380 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 12,740 6,470 6,275 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 88,355 40,375 47,985 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 31,075 11,890 19,185 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.2 18.3 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 25.7 25.6 25.8 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.7 16.5 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 17.9 14.8 20.6 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 70,745 34,290 36,460 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 15,285 7,805 7,485 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 5,645 2,870 2,775 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 52,220 25,185 27,030 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 3,240 1,295 1,945 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 7.9 7.9 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.6 9.6 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.4 11.4 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 9.2 9.3 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.1 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 908,340 440,730 467,605 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 905,700 439,525 466,180 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 905,020 439,215 465,805 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 95,740 42,150 53,585 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 64,100 31,380 32,725 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,685 2,960 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 5,575 2,635 2,935 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,550 2,625 2,920 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 10 0 10 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 5,540 2,625 2,920 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 15 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 15 10 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 10 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 25 15 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 30 15 10 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10 10 10 0
Salish languages 10 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,490 28,715 29,770 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,730 5,745 4,985 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 25 15 15 80 40 35
Kabyle 25 15 15 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 155 65 95 15 10 0
Bilen 20 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 40 15 20 0 0 0
Somali 75 25 55 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10,635 5,715 4,925 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 260 135 120 165 100 65
Arabic 9,685 5,185 4,500 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 630 370 260 435 205 230
Maltese 25 0 25 0 10 0
Tigrigna 140 65 70 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 575 260 310 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 10 0 0
Vietnamese 555 255 300 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,035 1,275 1,760 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cebuano 185 80 100 185 70 115
Fijian 10 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 45 20 30 35 10 30
Ilocano 70 20 55 50 10 45
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 80 25 60 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,835 1,195 1,635 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 20 15 0
Creole languages 360 185 175 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 120 60 65 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 115 100 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 1,365 785 580 435 245 195
Kannada 75 45 35 60 30 25
Malayalam 560 310 250 55 35 25
Tamil 450 260 190 190 115 75
Telugu 350 215 135 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 30,820 15,070 15,755 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 405 185 215 80 45 35
Armenian 80 45 30 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 4,095 1,935 2,160 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 110 35 80 55 40 20
Latvian 50 15 35 20 10 10
Lithuanian 55 15 40 30 20 10
Slavic languages 4,010 1,910 2,105 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 10 0 10 10 0 0
Bosnian 145 60 80 75 40 40
Bulgarian 75 35 35 45 15 35
Croatian 275 105 165 95 45 55
Czech 210 95 110 115 65 45
Macedonian 90 55 30 35 25 10
Polish 900 410 490 320 165 160
Russian 1,945 970 970 1,200 630 570
Serbian 180 85 95 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 115 70 50 40 30 10
Slovak 145 70 75 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 15 10 0
Ukrainian 425 180 245 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 1,070 495 580 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 910 400 505 95 20 75
Welsh 35 25 10 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 40 20 20
Germanic languages 9,225 4,490 4,740 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 320 140 175 130 70 60
Danish 235 125 110 155 60 95
Dutch 2,105 935 1,165 1,185 560 625
Frisian 60 30 30 50 40 15
German 6,335 3,180 3,155 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 100 40 60 10 10 0
Norwegian 150 105 40 130 65 65
Swedish 245 115 130 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 40 20 25
Yiddish 30 15 15 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 0 0 0
Greek 1,315 670 645 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 6,535 3,635 2,900 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 4,935 2,790 2,140 1,570 875 695
Bengali 625 350 275 225 150 80
Gujarati 240 150 90 110 45 65
Hindi 2,270 1,300 975 790 430 355
Kashmiri 15 0 10 0 0 0
Konkani 15 15 0 0 0 0
Marathi 135 85 45 55 20 30
Nepali 620 315 305 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 570 445 205 130 75
Sindhi 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245 125 120 35 10 20
Urdu 1,090 660 425 355 215 140
Iranian languages 1,625 865 755 805 430 375
Kurdish 185 110 75 130 65 60
Pashto 85 55 30 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 1,385 725 660 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 9,365 4,270 5,100 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 15 10 10 15 10 0
Italian 1,665 845 820 825 405 420
Portuguese 910 480 430 450 250 200
Romanian 240 140 105 555 290 265
Spanish 6,990 3,020 3,970 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 55 20 10 0 10
Japanese 865 335 530 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 10 0 0 0 0
Korean 1,530 685 850 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 10 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 1,340 715 620 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30 35 15 25
Bamanankan 10 10 10 155 70 85
Edo 10 10 0 0 0 0
Ewe 80 50 30 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 100 85 15
Ga 30 15 20 10 10 0
Ganda 60 15 40 10 10 0
Igbo 70 45 30 60 50 15
Lingala 30 15 15 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 130 65 65 70 40 30
Shona 65 40 35 40 15 25
Swahili 370 200 175 355 185 170
Wolof 35 15 20 70 45 25
Yoruba 250 125 125 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 300 175 130 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 30 20 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,605 555 1,045 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 795 235 555 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 815 325 495 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,135 3,615 3,515 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 7,115 3,610 3,500 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 1,555 730 820 610 285 320
Hakka 45 25 25 0 0 0
Mandarin 5,435 2,720 2,710 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 75 120 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 30 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 340 245 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 25 45
Tibetan 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 240 110 130 85 20 65
Lao 20 0 10 10 0 10
Thai 220 100 120 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 620 320 300 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 0 0 0
Turkish 480 225 255 165 105 60
Uyghur 15 0 10 0 0 0
Uzbek 105 60 40 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 430 200 230 270 130 140
Estonian 50 25 20 20 15 0
Finnish 120 55 70 35 15 20
Hungarian 255 115 140 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 908,340 440,735 467,605 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 878,415 425,340 453,070 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 159,440 81,575 77,870 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 718,970 343,770 375,200 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 29,930 15,395 14,535 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 908,340 440,730 467,605 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 842,760 407,740 435,015 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 55,675 27,270 28,405 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 19,200 9,335 9,865 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 4,800 2,330 2,470 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 6,705 3,140 3,560 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 13,185 6,540 6,645 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 5,105 2,500 2,600 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 8,080 4,035 4,045 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,790 5,925 5,865 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,900 5,720 4,185 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 55,675 27,270 28,410 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 7,280 3,495 3,785 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 10,445 5,240 5,205 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 10,170 4,670 5,500 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 22,980 11,315 11,660 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 4,800 2,550 2,250 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 55,680 27,270 28,410 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 10,610 4,830 5,780 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 175 75 100 55 20 30
Colombia 175 90 85 215 85 130
El Salvador 95 50 45 115 85 30
Guyana 170 85 90 80 40 45
Haiti 55 30 30 170 70 100
Jamaica 480 210 275 120 85 40
Mexico 325 155 175 160 50 110
Peru 105 35 75 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 220 120 100 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,375 3,320 4,055 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 1,430 675 750 715 355 360
Europe 22,110 11,195 10,920 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 115 100 100 55 50
Croatia 180 75 105 60 35 25
France 610 330 280 760 425 340
Germany 2,600 1,270 1,330 1,615 740 880
Greece 505 270 235 95 60 40
Hungary 110 40 65 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 475 225 255 160 75 85
Italy 525 310 215 210 125 85
Netherlands 1,645 790 855 975 505 465
Poland 630 265 365 195 90 100
Portugal 220 140 80 130 85 45
Romania 180 100 80 485 245 240
Russian Federation 585 270 315 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 45 30 25 10
Ukraine 335 145 195 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,275 5,815 5,460 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 1,930 985 945 970 455 515
Africa 3,525 1,855 1,675 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 25 15 15 165 90 75
Egypt 770 395 370 120 75 45
Ethiopia 185 105 85 120 65 60
Kenya 125 75 50 60 30 30
Morocco 80 50 30 200 120 75
Nigeria 350 185 165 115 65 50
Somalia 65 30 35 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 460 205 250 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 1,465 790 675 1,615 885 725
Asia 18,955 9,100 9,855 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 100 40 60 20 10 0
Bangladesh 315 180 135 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,830 1,140 1,685 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 280 130 155 120 60 55
India 2,225 1,190 1,040 820 435 380
IranCensus data footnote 61 970 525 440 490 260 230
Iraq 525 250 285 70 25 45
Japan 225 60 170 90 15 75
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 870 340 530 1,495 775 720
Lebanon 1,370 755 610 390 225 165
Pakistan 615 315 295 225 130 95
Philippines 2,570 1,035 1,540 1,340 475 870
Sri Lanka 310 140 175 40 15 30
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,150 565 580 1,225 605 620
Taiwan 225 100 120 80 25 55
Viet Nam 450 205 245 720 355 365
Other places of birth in Asia 3,930 2,130 1,795 1,195 600 595
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 480 295 180 220 110 110
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,785 5,920 5,870 9,325 4,555 4,775
Americas 1,390 675 715 900 430 475
Brazil 95 40 55 20 10 10
Colombia 15 0 15 40 20 15
Cuba 70 40 30 10 10 10
Haiti 20 15 0 45 15 30
Jamaica 195 100 95 40 25 10
Mexico 105 55 45 25 10 20
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 615 310 305 585 285 300
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 25 10 20
Other places of birth in Americas 275 115 165 110 45 70
Europe 2,210 1,165 1,045 1,405 695 710
France 110 55 55 300 165 130
Germany 215 110 100 85 45 45
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 50 25 30 15 15
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 15 25 10 20
Romania 40 25 15 245 130 120
Russian Federation 180 75 100 90 35 55
Ukraine 140 55