Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nova Scotia [Province] and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nova Scotia

[Province]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : Nova Scotia [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 923,598 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 921,727 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.2 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 458,568 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 401,990 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.4 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 52,942.27 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 923,600 446,885 476,715 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 133,825 68,370 65,455 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 42,005 21,365 20,640 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 45,980 23,650 22,330 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 45,845 23,350 22,490 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 605,950 295,100 310,845 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 51,255 26,240 25,015 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 56,160 28,150 28,010 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 53,725 26,790 26,940 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 51,730 25,130 26,600 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 52,010 24,560 27,450 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 57,050 27,245 29,805 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 61,890 29,720 32,170 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 75,675 36,615 39,065 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 76,505 36,925 39,580 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 69,960 33,735 36,225 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 183,820 83,415 100,405 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 63,710 30,810 32,905 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 45,005 21,520 23,485 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 31,545 14,520 17,030 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 21,915 9,425 12,495 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 21,645 7,140 14,505 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 13,205 4,845 8,360 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 6,320 1,830 4,485 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,855 415 1,430 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 270 45 225 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.3 13.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.0 65.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.5 42.5 44.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 45.5 44.5 46.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 401,990 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 263,470 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,350 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,300 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,465 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 10,215 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 12,435 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 58,405 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,870 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 401,990 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 118,670 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 156,825 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 60,250 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 44,970 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 21,275 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 908,340 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 789,770 378,515 411,255 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 454,970 227,220 227,750 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 369,695 184,705 184,990 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 85,275 42,515 42,760 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 334,800 151,295 183,505 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 209,455 110,175 99,280 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 24,105 10,450 13,655 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 48,835 19,715 29,115 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 52,405 10,955 41,455 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 270,965 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 157,600 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 56,625 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 41,095 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 15,645 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 270,965 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 224,065 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 181,435 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 42,630 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,900 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 37,595 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 9,305 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 224,065 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 128,125 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 95,940 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 43,810 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 37,595 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 14,535 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,900 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 29,480 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 12,810 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 4,610 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 175,575 81,140 94,435 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 401,990 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 260,280 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,000 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 136,280 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,285 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 136,425 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 118,675 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,750 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 912,300 442,470 469,830 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 813,480 398,950 414,530 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 705 305 400 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 95,380 41,925 53,460 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,735 1,295 1,440 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 912,295 442,470 469,830 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 879,465 426,535 452,930 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 28,490 13,890 14,600 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,760 825 930 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,585 1,215 1,365 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 29,370 14,300 15,070 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 912,295 442,470 469,830 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 904,240 438,550 465,690 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 859,690 416,245 443,445 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 830,220 401,980 428,240 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 29,465 14,265 15,205 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 44,550 22,305 22,245 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 4,290 2,020 2,270 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 4,210 1,985 2,225 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 5 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 4,190 1,975 2,215 90 40 50
Malecite 10 5 5 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 4,185 1,970 2,215 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 0 10 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 5 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 60 30 35 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Inuktitut 55 30 30 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,260 20,285 19,975 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,760 4,275 3,480 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 10 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 130 65 65 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 60 30 25 1,445 720 730
Somali 50 20 30 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 7,615 4,205 3,415 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 115 50 65 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 7,110 3,950 3,165 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 210 115 95 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 15 10 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 140 65 80 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 245 260 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 490 240 250 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,235 940 1,300 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 150 60 90 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 55 15 40 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 5 0 100 45 55
Malay 55 25 35 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,905 810 1,090 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 95 60 35 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 10 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,010 595 420 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 40 20 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 365 205 165 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 315 185 130 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 285 180 110 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 18,590 9,320 9,270 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 275 130 140 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 35 30 10 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,470 1,645 1,830 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 100 35 60 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 50 20 30 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 45 15 30 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,375 1,610 1,765 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 120 60 65 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 55 25 30 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 225 105 115 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 205 105 100 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 20 10 15 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 795 365 435 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,285 615 670 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 115 60 65 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 40 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 100 45 55 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 320 155 170 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 185 80 100 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 145 65 85 450 210 240
Welsh 30 10 15 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 5,700 2,800 2,900 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 120 55 60 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 160 105 60 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,620 815 805 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 35 20 15 1,240 630 620
German 3,435 1,645 1,790 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 45 20 20 210 100 110
Norwegian 110 60 50 940 405 540
Swedish 110 45 65 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 20 10 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 170 80 85
Greek 760 390 365 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,650 2,190 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 3,385 1,895 1,490 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 475 290 185 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 195 125 70 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 745 445 300 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 10 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 5 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 70 35 35 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 530 255 275 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 310 270 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 20 10 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 85 85 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 575 330 245 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,425 740 690 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 115 65 50 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 80 45 35 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,230 630 605 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 3,335 1,605 1,730 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 745 400 340 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 520 245 270 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 225 110 120 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,830 840 985 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 360 100 260 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,095 475 620 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 5 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 630 325 305 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 40 25 25 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 15 5 5 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 40 25 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 20 5 15 760 360 400
Igbo 45 20 20 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 15 30 1,330 545 785
Shona 30 15 15 1,455 660 790
Swahili 135 65 70 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 10 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 65 35 30 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 40 1,610 810 800
Dinka 20 10 10 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 190 90 100 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 85 40 50 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 50 55 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,665 3,335 3,330 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 6,635 3,320 3,315 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,145 535 610 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 20 5 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 4,640 2,325 2,315 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 50 70 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 20 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 645 365 280 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 155 55 100 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 10 0 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 150 50 100 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 445 240 205 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 305 165 140 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 110 60 50 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 415 180 235 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 40 20 25 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 95 30 60 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 275 130 150 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 8,060 3,920 4,140 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 3,445 1,600 1,850 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,180 2,110 2,070 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 225 115 105 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 210 90 120 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 912,300 442,470 469,830 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 900,755 436,755 464,000 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 878,015 425,220 452,795 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 863,550 418,315 445,240 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 14,460 6,910 7,560 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 22,740 11,540 11,205 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 2,570 1,285 1,295 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 2,565 1,280 1,285 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,560 1,280 1,280 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 2,560 1,275 1,280 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,170 10,255 9,915 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,630 2,450 2,180 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 85 40 45 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 5 0 5 170 80 85
Oromo 45 20 25 805 380 425
Somali 25 10 15 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 4,540 2,405 2,130 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 55 25 30 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 4,260 2,270 1,990 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 125 70 55 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 95 40 55 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 160 165 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 330 165 170 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 1,140 550 585 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 55 20 35 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 15 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,065 520 545 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 35 20 20 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 425 240 185 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 15 5 10 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 140 75 60 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 140 80 60 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 125 80 50 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 7,410 3,715 3,690 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 110 60 55 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 15 10 10 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 680 720 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 30 10 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 10 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 5 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,375 675 700 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 65 30 30 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 25 15 10 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 65 25 40 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 45 25 20 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 235 105 125 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 785 385 390 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 60 25 35 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 10 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 20 10 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 55 30 20 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 60 35 30 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 60 35 30 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,490 725 760 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 30 15 15 755 365 390
Danish 15 0 15 280 135 150
Dutch 135 70 70 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 0 90 45 45
German 1,225 600 625 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 30 10 15 45 20 30
Norwegian 20 5 10 70 30 40
Swedish 15 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 5 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 655 315 340
Greek 270 135 130 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,815 1,475 1,335 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,850 995 860 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 250 135 115 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 100 60 35 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 310 190 120 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 475 235 240 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 125 125 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 5 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 340 175 165 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 960 475 480 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 85 50 40 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 45 20 20 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 825 405 420 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,240 595 645 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 165 70 85 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 195 90 105 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 70 35 35 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 810 390 420 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 110 35 70 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 710 330 385 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 165 80 85 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 15 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 15 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 5 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 60 30 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 20 10 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20 550 260 290
Dinka 10 5 10 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 425 195 225
Sign languages 285 145 140 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 110 55 60 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 175 90 80 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,550 2,345 2,200 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 4,545 2,345 2,200 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 640 335 310 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 3,410 1,740 1,675 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 25 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 415 235 180 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 35 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 55 15 35 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 215 110 105 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 140 70 75 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 70 40 30 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 75 35 40 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 15 10 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 55 25 30 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 11,540 5,715 5,825 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 2,180 995 1,185 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 8,970 4,515 4,450 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 75 40 30 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 315 155 160 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 912,295 442,470 469,825 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 861,780 418,525 443,260 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 17,005 8,480 8,525 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 16,390 7,210 9,175 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 16,275 7,850 8,420 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 2,135 930 1,205 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 14,135 6,920 7,220 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 150 70 80 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 220 105 115 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 470 230 245 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 774,750 372,455 402,290 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,260 358,055 386,205 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,813 38,379 26,750 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,545 358,085 386,455 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,627 33,642 24,590 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 648,960 320,380 328,580 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,938 36,363 24,497 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 554,985 243,860 311,130 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,438 8,175 6,961 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 523,020 264,375 258,645 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 35,676 25,405 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 774,750 372,455 402,295 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,275 357,820 386,455 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,479 49,413 34,132 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,560 357,855 386,710 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,175 39,776 28,993 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 648,910 320,370 328,540 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,299 48,457 32,345 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 555,740 243,445 312,295 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,495 8,859 8,211 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 523,020 264,475 258,545 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,522 46,606 32,275 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 774,750 372,455 402,295 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 245,425 131,095 114,325 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,665 53,785 42,236 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,820 63,886 48,717 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.6 87.7 80.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.9 69.7 63.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.4 12.3 19.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 774,750 372,455 402,295 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 30,485 14,395 16,090 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 744,265 358,060 386,205 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 104,125 43,575 60,545 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 134,355 50,310 84,050 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 114,855 47,195 67,660 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 98,325 45,040 53,280 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 79,435 39,605 39,830 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 57,255 32,255 25,000 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 41,715 25,830 15,885 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 33,195 19,945 13,250 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 25,500 14,900 10,605 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 15,530 10,095 5,435 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 39,965 29,300 10,665 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 28,130 20,205 7,925 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 11,835 9,095 2,745 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 774,750 372,455 402,295 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 30,205 14,370 15,840 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 744,540 358,085 386,455 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,630 44,435 64,195 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 142,975 54,160 88,815 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 138,435 58,900 79,535 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 119,130 56,990 62,145 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 84,245 46,675 37,565 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 56,235 34,590 21,645 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 39,320 23,195 16,125 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 21,210 13,950 7,260 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 34,360 25,185 9,170 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 11,615 8,185 3,430 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 6,825 4,950 1,875 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 15,915 12,050 3,860 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 774,745 372,455 402,295 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 251,730 108,080 143,650 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 523,020 264,370 258,640 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 67.5 71.0 64.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 72,940 34,125 38,820 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 45,820 19,475 26,350 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 76,685 33,555 43,130 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 66,155 29,385 36,770 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 60,485 27,455 33,035 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 49,395 24,470 24,925 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 37,685 21,735 15,955 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 28,695 17,955 10,740 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 24,970 14,750 10,220 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 60,175 41,470 18,705 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 20,175 11,645 8,535 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 11,685 7,975 3,715 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 28,310 21,850 6,460 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 401,990 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,764 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,129 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 118,670 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,377 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,511 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 283,320 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,136 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,538 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 401,990 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,797 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,299 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 118,705 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,601 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,962 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 283,285 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,383 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,011 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 401,990 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,830 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,755 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,330 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,155 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,210 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,700 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,645 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,995 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,285 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,235 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,450 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,470 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,340 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,240 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 100,600 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 38,090 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,330 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,445 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,730 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 401,990 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,145 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,885 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,545 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,370 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 23,030 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,365 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,495 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,945 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,630 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,635 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,585 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,920 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,795 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,160 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,275 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 64,210 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,985 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,940 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,280 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 269,560 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,529 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,728 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 121,200 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,495 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,883 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 97,460 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,981 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,099 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,560 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,597 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,309 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 269,510 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,027 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,371 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 121,285 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,511 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,143 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 97,490 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,890 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,021 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 43,470 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,587 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,700 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,715 73,825 83,890 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,180 30,235 26,673 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,848 27,176 24,859 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,410 73,440 83,970 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,847 38,945 35,012 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,893 31,946 29,973 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 908,340 440,700 467,640 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 519,830 244,725 275,105 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 105,810 49,730 56,080 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 112,825 49,900 62,920 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 102,515 48,345 54,175 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 100,645 48,515 52,130 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 98,030 48,235 49,800 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 388,510 195,975 192,540 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 94,350 47,240 47,110 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 89,765 45,260 44,505 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 83,140 41,815 41,330 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 69,850 35,450 34,400 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 51,410 26,210 25,195 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 898,345 435,895 462,450 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 159,820 81,670 78,150 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 49,595 25,280 24,310 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 565,395 274,120 291,275 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 173,125 80,100 93,025 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 154,955 70,415 84,540 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 35,525 18,145 17,380 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 12,740 6,470 6,275 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 88,355 40,375 47,985 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 31,075 11,890 19,185 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.2 18.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 25.7 25.6 25.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.7 16.5 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 17.9 14.8 20.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 70,745 34,290 36,460 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 15,285 7,805 7,485 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 5,645 2,870 2,775 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 52,220 25,185 27,030 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 3,240 1,295 1,945 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.6 9.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.4 11.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 9.2 9.3 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 908,340 440,730 467,605 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 905,700 439,525 466,180 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 905,020 439,215 465,805 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 95,740 42,150 53,585 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 64,100 31,380 32,725 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,685 2,960 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 5,575 2,635 2,935 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,550 2,625 2,920 180 95 85
Malecite 10 0 10 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 5,540 2,625 2,920 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 15 15 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 10 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 25 15 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 30 15 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10 180 65 110
Salish languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,490 28,715 29,770 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,730 5,745 4,985 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 25 15 15 925 505 415
Kabyle 25 15 15 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 155 65 95 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 20 15 10 355 200 160
Oromo 40 15 20 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 75 25 55 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 10,635 5,715 4,925 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 260 135 120 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 9,685 5,185 4,500 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 630 370 260 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 25 0 25 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 140 65 70 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 575 260 310 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 555 255 300 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 3,035 1,275 1,760 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 185 80 100 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 45 20 30 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 70 20 55 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 80 25 60 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,835 1,195 1,635 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 360 185 175 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 120 60 65 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 115 100 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,365 785 580 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 75 45 35 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 560 310 250 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 450 260 190 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 350 215 135 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 30,820 15,070 15,755 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 405 185 215 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 80 45 30 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 4,095 1,935 2,160 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 110 35 80 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 50 15 35 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 55 15 40 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 4,010 1,910 2,105 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 0 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 145 60 80 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 75 35 35 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 275 105 165 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 210 95 110 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 90 55 30 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 900 410 490 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,945 970 970 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 180 85 95 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 115 70 50 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 145 70 75 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 425 180 245 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 1,070 495 580 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 910 400 505 1,480 720 765
Welsh 35 25 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 9,225 4,490 4,740 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 320 140 175 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 235 125 110 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,105 935 1,165 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 60 30 30 1,655 820 835
German 6,335 3,180 3,155 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 100 40 60 285 130 155
Norwegian 150 105 40 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 245 115 130 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 30 15 15 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,315 670 645 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 6,535 3,635 2,900 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 4,935 2,790 2,140 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 625 350 275 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 240 150 90 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,270 1,300 975 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 0 10 600 300 300
Konkani 15 15 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 135 85 45 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 620 315 305 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 570 445 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 10 0 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245 125 120 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,090 660 425 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,625 865 755 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 185 110 75 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 85 55 30 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,385 725 660 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 9,365 4,270 5,100 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 10 10 515 275 240
Italian 1,665 845 820 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 910 480 430 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 240 140 105 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 6,990 3,020 3,970 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 55 20 1,355 745 605
Japanese 865 335 530 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 10 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,530 685 850 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,340 715 620 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 10 10 10 385 195 185
Edo 10 10 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 80 50 30 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 700 320 375
Ga 30 15 20 1,340 645 695
Ganda 60 15 40 1,225 550 675
Igbo 70 45 30 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 30 15 15 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 130 65 65 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 65 40 35 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 370 200 175 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 35 15 20 730 355 375
Yoruba 250 125 125 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 300 175 130 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 30 20 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,605 555 1,045 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 795 235 555 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 815 325 495 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,135 3,615 3,515 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 7,115 3,610 3,500 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,555 730 820 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 45 25 25 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 5,435 2,720 2,710 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 75 120 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 30 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 340 245 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 20 10 15 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 240 110 130 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 20 0 10 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 220 100 120 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 620 320 300 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 480 225 255 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 15 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 105 60 40 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 430 200 230 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 50 25 20 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 120 55 70 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 255 115 140 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 908,340 440,735 467,605 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 878,415 425,340 453,070 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 159,440 81,575 77,870 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 718,970 343,770 375,200 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 29,930 15,395 14,535 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 908,340 440,730 467,605 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 842,760 407,740 435,015 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 55,675 27,270 28,405 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 19,200 9,335 9,865 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,800 2,330 2,470 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 6,705 3,140 3,560 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 13,185 6,540 6,645 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 5,105 2,500 2,600 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 8,080 4,035 4,045 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,790 5,925 5,865 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,900 5,720 4,185 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 55,675 27,270 28,410 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 7,280 3,495 3,785 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 10,445 5,240 5,205 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 10,170 4,670 5,500 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 22,980 11,315 11,660 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 4,800 2,550 2,250 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 55,680 27,270 28,410 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 10,610 4,830 5,780 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 175 75 100 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 175 90 85 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 95 50 45 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 170 85 90 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 55 30 30 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 480 210 275 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 325 155 175 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 105 35 75 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 220 120 100 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,375 3,320 4,055 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,430 675 750 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 22,110 11,195 10,920 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 115 100 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 180 75 105 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 610 330 280 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 2,600 1,270 1,330 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 505 270 235 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 110 40 65 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 475 225 255 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 525 310 215 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,645 790 855 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 630 265 365 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 220 140 80 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 180 100 80 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 585 270 315 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 45 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 335 145 195 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,275 5,815 5,460 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,930 985 945 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,525 1,855 1,675 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 25 15 15 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 770 395 370 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 185 105 85 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 125 75 50 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 80 50 30 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 350 185 165 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 65 30 35 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 460 205 250 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,465 790 675 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 18,955 9,100 9,855 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 100 40 60 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 315 180 135 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,830 1,140 1,685 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 280 130 155 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 2,225 1,190 1,040 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 970 525 440 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 525 250 285 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 225 60 170 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 870 340 530 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,370 755 610 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 615 315 295 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,570 1,035 1,540 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 310 140 175 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,150 565 580 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 225 100 120 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 450 205 245 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,930 2,130 1,795 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 480 295 180 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,785 5,920 5,870 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,390 675 715 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 95 40 55 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 15 0 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 70 40 30 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 20 15 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 195 100 95 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 105 55 45 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 615 310 305 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 275 115 165 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 2,210 1,165 1,045 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 110 55 55 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 215 110 100 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 50 25 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 15 880 400 480
Romania 40 25 15 2,425