Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nova Scotia [Province] and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nova Scotia

[Province]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : Nova Scotia [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 923,598 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 921,727 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.2 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 458,568 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 401,990 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.4 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 52,942.27 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 923,600 446,885 476,715 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 133,825 68,370 65,455 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 42,005 21,365 20,640 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 45,980 23,650 22,330 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 45,845 23,350 22,490 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 605,950 295,100 310,845 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 51,255 26,240 25,015 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 56,160 28,150 28,010 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 53,725 26,790 26,940 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 51,730 25,130 26,600 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 52,010 24,560 27,450 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 57,050 27,245 29,805 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 61,890 29,720 32,170 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 75,675 36,615 39,065 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 76,505 36,925 39,580 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 69,960 33,735 36,225 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 183,820 83,415 100,405 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 63,710 30,810 32,905 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 45,005 21,520 23,485 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 31,545 14,520 17,030 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 21,915 9,425 12,495 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 21,645 7,140 14,505 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 13,205 4,845 8,360 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 6,320 1,830 4,485 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 1,855 415 1,430 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 270 45 225 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.3 13.7 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.0 65.2 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.1 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 43.5 42.5 44.4 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 45.5 44.5 46.4 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 401,990 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 263,470 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,350 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,300 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,465 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 10,215 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 12,435 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 58,405 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,870 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 401,990 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 118,670 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 156,825 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 60,250 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 44,970 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 21,275 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 908,340 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 789,770 378,515 411,255 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 454,970 227,220 227,750 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 369,695 184,705 184,990 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 85,275 42,515 42,760 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 334,800 151,295 183,505 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 209,455 110,175 99,280 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 24,105 10,450 13,655 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 48,835 19,715 29,115 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 52,405 10,955 41,455 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 270,965 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 157,600 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 56,625 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 41,095 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 15,645 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 270,965 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 224,065 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 181,435 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 42,630 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,900 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 37,595 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 9,305 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 224,065 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 128,125 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 95,940 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 43,810 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 37,595 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 14,535 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,900 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 29,480 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 12,810 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 4,610 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 175,575 81,140 94,435 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 401,990 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 260,280 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,000 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 136,280 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,285 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 136,425 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 118,675 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,750 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 912,300 442,470 469,830 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 813,480 398,950 414,530 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 705 305 400 1,485 680 800
English and French 95,380 41,925 53,460 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 2,735 1,295 1,440 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 912,295 442,470 469,830 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 879,465 426,535 452,930 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 28,490 13,890 14,600 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 1,760 825 930 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 2,585 1,215 1,365 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 29,370 14,300 15,070 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 912,295 442,470 469,830 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 904,240 438,550 465,690 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 859,690 416,245 443,445 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 830,220 401,980 428,240 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 29,465 14,265 15,205 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 44,550 22,305 22,245 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 4,290 2,020 2,270 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 4,210 1,985 2,225 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 5 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 4,190 1,975 2,215 10 5 5
Malecite 10 5 5 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 4,185 1,970 2,215 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 60 30 35 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 55 30 30 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,260 20,285 19,975 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,760 4,275 3,480 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 10 10 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 130 65 65 1,750 875 875
Bilen 5 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 60 30 25 345 175 170
Somali 50 20 30 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 10 0
Semitic languages 7,615 4,205 3,415 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 115 50 65 1,770 885 885
Arabic 7,110 3,950 3,165 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 210 115 95 545 320 225
Maltese 15 10 5 40 20 25
Tigrigna 140 65 80 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 245 260 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 280 135 145
Vietnamese 490 240 250 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,235 940 1,300 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 5 5 5 175 80 95
Cebuano 150 60 90 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 390 170 220
Ilocano 55 15 40 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 5 0 0 0 5
Malay 55 25 35 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 655 315 340
Pangasinan 5 0 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,905 810 1,090 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 150 70 85
Creole languages 95 60 35 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 10 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 1,010 595 420 1,565 825 735
Kannada 40 20 15 95 50 40
Malayalam 365 205 165 790 410 380
Tamil 315 185 130 480 255 230
Telugu 285 180 110 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 18,590 9,320 9,270 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 275 130 140 350 170 180
Armenian 35 30 10 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 3,470 1,645 1,830 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 100 35 60 165 65 95
Latvian 50 20 30 80 35 45
Lithuanian 45 15 30 85 35 45
Slavic languages 3,375 1,610 1,765 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 5 5 5 40 20 25
Bosnian 120 60 65 575 285 290
Bulgarian 55 25 30 140 70 65
Croatian 225 105 115 1,030 505 530
Czech 205 105 100 615 310 310
Macedonian 20 10 15 145 70 75
Polish 795 365 435 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 1,285 615 670 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 115 60 65 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 40 240 110 130
Slovak 100 45 55 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 270 130 140
Ukrainian 320 155 170 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 75 40 30
Celtic languages 185 80 100 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 145 65 85 50 25 20
Welsh 30 10 15 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 5,700 2,800 2,900 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 120 55 60 420 220 205
Danish 160 105 60 280 145 135
Dutch 1,620 815 805 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 35 20 15 55 30 25
German 3,435 1,645 1,790 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 45 20 20 475 210 260
Norwegian 110 60 50 115 45 65
Swedish 110 45 65 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 310 125 180
Yiddish 20 10 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 25 10 10
Greek 760 390 365 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,650 2,190 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,385 1,895 1,490 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 475 290 185 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 195 125 70 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 745 445 300 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 10 5 5 5 5 5
Konkani 5 5 5 35 20 15
Marathi 70 35 35 135 80 50
Nepali 530 255 275 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 310 270 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 20 10 5 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 85 85 670 345 320
Urdu 575 330 245 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 1,425 740 690 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 115 65 50 415 210 200
Pashto 80 45 35 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 1,230 630 605 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 3,335 1,605 1,730 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 10 5 5 0 0 5
Italian 745 400 340 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 520 245 270 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 225 110 120 645 310 335
Spanish 1,830 840 985 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 10
Japanese 360 100 260 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 5 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 1,095 475 620 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 5 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 630 325 305 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 40 25 25 150 90 65
Bamanankan 15 5 5 75 25 45
Edo 5 0 5 40 20 15
Ewe 40 25 10 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 65 35 30
Ga 10 5 5 15 10 5
Ganda 20 5 15 50 20 30
Igbo 45 20 20 280 155 130
Lingala 5 0 5 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 15 30 250 125 120
Shona 30 15 15 110 50 60
Swahili 135 65 70 870 420 455
Wolof 10 10 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 65 35 30 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 40 395 215 180
Dinka 20 10 10 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 225 125 100
Sign languages 190 90 100 440 230 210
American Sign Language 85 40 50 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 50 55 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,665 3,335 3,330 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 6,635 3,320 3,315 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 1,145 535 610 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 20 5 15 55 30 25
Mandarin 4,640 2,325 2,315 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 50 70 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 20 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 645 365 280 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 575 295 285
Burmese 15 5 10 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 155 55 100 1,120 525 595
Lao 10 0 5 875 445 430
Thai 150 50 100 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 445 240 205 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 30 20 15
Turkish 305 165 140 210 120 95
Uyghur 5 5 5 10 5 10
Uzbek 110 60 50 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 25 20
Uralic languages 415 180 235 1,440 655 790
Estonian 40 20 25 30 10 15
Finnish 95 30 60 225 85 135
Hungarian 275 130 150 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 155 85 70
Multiple responses 8,060 3,920 4,140 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 3,445 1,600 1,850 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 4,180 2,110 2,070 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 225 115 105 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 210 90 120 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 912,300 442,470 469,830 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 900,755 436,755 464,000 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 878,015 425,220 452,795 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 863,550 418,315 445,240 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 14,460 6,910 7,560 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 22,740 11,540 11,205 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 2,570 1,285 1,295 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 2,565 1,280 1,285 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,560 1,280 1,280 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 2,560 1,275 1,280 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,170 10,255 9,915 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,630 2,450 2,180 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 85 40 45 1,185 550 630
Bilen 5 0 5 120 65 55
Oromo 45 20 25 210 95 115
Somali 25 10 15 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 5 10 0
Semitic languages 4,540 2,405 2,130 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 55 25 30 1,045 520 525
Arabic 4,260 2,270 1,990 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 125 70 55 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 95 40 55 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 160 165 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 330 165 170 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,140 550 585 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 55 20 35 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 125 55 75
Ilocano 15 5 5 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 5 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,065 520 545 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 35 20 20 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 425 240 185 800 400 400
Kannada 15 5 10 45 25 25
Malayalam 140 75 60 405 195 205
Tamil 140 80 60 240 120 120
Telugu 125 80 50 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,410 3,715 3,690 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 110 60 55 155 80 75
Armenian 15 10 10 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 680 720 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 30 10 15 25 10 15
Latvian 10 5 10 15 5 5
Lithuanian 15 5 10 10 5 5
Slavic languages 1,375 675 700 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 65 30 30 285 145 140
Bulgarian 25 15 10 65 30 30
Croatian 65 25 40 320 145 180
Czech 45 25 20 115 55 60
Macedonian 0 0 0 85 35 45
Polish 235 105 125 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 785 385 390 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 60 25 35 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 10 90 40 50
Slovak 20 10 15 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 55 20 30
Ukrainian 55 30 20 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 60 35 30 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 60 35 30 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,490 725 760 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 30 15 15 200 100 100
Danish 15 0 15 10 5 5
Dutch 135 70 70 270 135 130
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,225 600 625 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 30 10 15 35 15 20
Norwegian 20 5 10 10 5 5
Swedish 15 5 5 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 15 5 10
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 465 240 225
Greek 270 135 130 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 2,815 1,475 1,335 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 1,850 995 860 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 250 135 115 690 390 305
Gujarati 100 60 35 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 310 190 120 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 30 15 15 40 25 20
Nepali 475 235 240 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 125 125 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 5 5 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50 360 190 170
Urdu 340 175 165 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 960 475 480 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 85 50 40 275 135 140
Pashto 45 20 20 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 825 405 420 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 1,240 595 645 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 165 70 85 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 195 90 105 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 70 35 35 235 110 125
Spanish 810 390 420 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 110 35 70 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 710 330 385 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 165 80 85 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 15 5 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 0 0
Igbo 15 5 5 75 40 35
Lingala 0 5 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 60 30 35 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 20 10 10 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20 130 60 70
Dinka 10 5 10 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 55 30 25
Sign languages 285 145 140 560 310 255
American Sign Language 110 55 60 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 175 90 80 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,550 2,345 2,200 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 4,545 2,345 2,200 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 640 335 310 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 5 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 3,410 1,740 1,675 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 25 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 415 235 180 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 35 535 250 280
Lao 0 0 0 430 210 220
Thai 55 15 35 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 215 110 105 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 10 5 10
Turkish 140 70 75 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 70 40 30 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 75 35 40 305 140 165
Estonian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Finnish 15 10 5 35 15 15
Hungarian 55 25 30 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 11,540 5,715 5,825 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 2,180 995 1,185 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 8,970 4,515 4,450 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 75 40 30 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 315 155 160 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 912,295 442,470 469,825 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 861,780 418,525 443,260 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 17,005 8,480 8,525 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 16,390 7,210 9,175 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 16,275 7,850 8,420 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 2,135 930 1,205 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 14,135 6,920 7,220 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 150 70 80 305 150 150
English and non-official language 220 105 115 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 470 230 245 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 774,750 372,455 402,290 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,260 358,055 386,205 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,813 38,379 26,750 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,545 358,085 386,455 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,627 33,642 24,590 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 648,960 320,380 328,580 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,938 36,363 24,497 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 554,985 243,860 311,130 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,438 8,175 6,961 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 523,020 264,375 258,645 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 35,676 25,405 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 774,750 372,455 402,295 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,275 357,820 386,455 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,479 49,413 34,132 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,560 357,855 386,710 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,175 39,776 28,993 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 648,910 320,370 328,540 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,299 48,457 32,345 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 555,740 243,445 312,295 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,495 8,859 8,211 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 523,020 264,475 258,545 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,522 46,606 32,275 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 774,750 372,455 402,295 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 245,425 131,095 114,325 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,665 53,785 42,236 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,820 63,886 48,717 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.6 87.7 80.7 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.9 69.7 63.3 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.4 12.3 19.3 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 774,750 372,455 402,295 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 30,485 14,395 16,090 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 744,265 358,060 386,205 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 104,125 43,575 60,545 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 134,355 50,310 84,050 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 114,855 47,195 67,660 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 98,325 45,040 53,280 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 79,435 39,605 39,830 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 57,255 32,255 25,000 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 41,715 25,830 15,885 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 33,195 19,945 13,250 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 25,500 14,900 10,605 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 15,530 10,095 5,435 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 39,965 29,300 10,665 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 28,130 20,205 7,925 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 11,835 9,095 2,745 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 774,750 372,455 402,295 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 30,205 14,370 15,840 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 744,540 358,085 386,455 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,630 44,435 64,195 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 142,975 54,160 88,815 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 138,435 58,900 79,535 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 119,130 56,990 62,145 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 84,245 46,675 37,565 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 56,235 34,590 21,645 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 39,320 23,195 16,125 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 21,210 13,950 7,260 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 34,360 25,185 9,170 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 11,615 8,185 3,430 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 6,825 4,950 1,875 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 15,915 12,050 3,860 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 774,745 372,455 402,295 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 251,730 108,080 143,650 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 523,020 264,370 258,640 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 67.5 71.0 64.3 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 72,940 34,125 38,820 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 45,820 19,475 26,350 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 76,685 33,555 43,130 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 66,155 29,385 36,770 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 60,485 27,455 33,035 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 49,395 24,470 24,925 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 37,685 21,735 15,955 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 28,695 17,955 10,740 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 24,970 14,750 10,220 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 60,175 41,470 18,705 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 20,175 11,645 8,535 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 11,685 7,975 3,715 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 28,310 21,850 6,460 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 401,990 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,764 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,129 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 118,670 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,377 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,511 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 283,320 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,136 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,538 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 401,990 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,797 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,299 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 118,705 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,601 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,962 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 283,285 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,383 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,011 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 401,990 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,830 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,755 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,330 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,155 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,210 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,700 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,645 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,995 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,285 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,235 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,450 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,470 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,340 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,240 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 100,600 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 38,090 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,330 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,445 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,730 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 401,990 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,145 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,885 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,545 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,370 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 23,030 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,365 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,495 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,945 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,630 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,635 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,585 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,920 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,795 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,160 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,275 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 64,210 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,985 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,940 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,280 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 269,560 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,529 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,728 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 121,200 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,495 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,883 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 97,460 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,981 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,099 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,560 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,597 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,309 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 269,510 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,027 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,371 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 121,285 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,511 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,143 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 97,490 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,890 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,021 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 43,470 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,587 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,700 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,715 73,825 83,890 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,180 30,235 26,673 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,848 27,176 24,859 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,410 73,440 83,970 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,847 38,945 35,012 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,893 31,946 29,973 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 908,340 440,700 467,640 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 519,830 244,725 275,105 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 105,810 49,730 56,080 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 112,825 49,900 62,920 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 102,515 48,345 54,175 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 100,645 48,515 52,130 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 98,030 48,235 49,800 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 388,510 195,975 192,540 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 94,350 47,240 47,110 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 89,765 45,260 44,505 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 83,140 41,815 41,330 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 69,850 35,450 34,400 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 51,410 26,210 25,195 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 898,345 435,895 462,450 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 159,820 81,670 78,150 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 49,595 25,280 24,310 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 565,395 274,120 291,275 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 173,125 80,100 93,025 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 154,955 70,415 84,540 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 35,525 18,145 17,380 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 12,740 6,470 6,275 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 88,355 40,375 47,985 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 31,075 11,890 19,185 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.2 18.3 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 25.7 25.6 25.8 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.7 16.5 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 17.9 14.8 20.6 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 70,745 34,290 36,460 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 15,285 7,805 7,485 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 5,645 2,870 2,775 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 52,220 25,185 27,030 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 3,240 1,295 1,945 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 7.9 7.9 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.6 9.6 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.4 11.4 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 9.2 9.3 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.1 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 908,340 440,730 467,605 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 905,700 439,525 466,180 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 905,020 439,215 465,805 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 95,740 42,150 53,585 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 64,100 31,380 32,725 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,685 2,960 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 5,575 2,635 2,935 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,550 2,625 2,920 10 10 0
Malecite 10 0 10 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 5,540 2,625 2,920 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 15 10 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 10 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 25 15 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 30 15 10 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10 210 115 95
Salish languages 10 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,490 28,715 29,770 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,730 5,745 4,985 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 25 15 15 85 50 40
Kabyle 25 15 15 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 155 65 95 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 20 15 10 210 120 85
Oromo 40 15 20 535 275 260
Somali 75 25 55 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 15 15 10
Semitic languages 10,635 5,715 4,925 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 260 135 120 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 9,685 5,185 4,500 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 630 370 260 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 25 0 25 65 30 35
Tigrigna 140 65 70 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 575 260 310 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 335 185 150
Vietnamese 555 255 300 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,035 1,275 1,760 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 10 0 10 225 100 125
Cebuano 185 80 100 1,615 805 810
Fijian 10 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 45 20 30 425 180 245
Ilocano 70 20 55 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 10 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 80 25 60 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,835 1,195 1,635 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 200 80 120
Creole languages 360 185 175 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 120 60 65 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 115 100 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 1,365 785 580 1,840 945 895
Kannada 75 45 35 175 95 80
Malayalam 560 310 250 830 400 430
Tamil 450 260 190 655 330 325
Telugu 350 215 135 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 30,820 15,070 15,755 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 405 185 215 390 195 195
Armenian 80 45 30 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 4,095 1,935 2,160 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 110 35 80 230 90 140
Latvian 50 15 35 115 45 70
Lithuanian 55 15 40 120 50 65
Slavic languages 4,010 1,910 2,105 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 10 0 10 65 25 45
Bosnian 145 60 80 835 405 430
Bulgarian 75 35 35 155 95 60
Croatian 275 105 165 1,595 765 825
Czech 210 95 110 735 335 395
Macedonian 90 55 30 140 75 60
Polish 900 410 490 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 1,945 970 970 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 180 85 95 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 115 70 50 190 75 115
Slovak 145 70 75 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 275 100 175
Ukrainian 425 180 245 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 30
Celtic languages 1,070 495 580 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 910 400 505 90 65 25
Welsh 35 25 10 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 45 15 25
Germanic languages 9,225 4,490 4,740 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 320 140 175 715 330 385
Danish 235 125 110 270 120 150
Dutch 2,105 935 1,165 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 60 30 30 90 65 30
German 6,335 3,180 3,155 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 100 40 60 560 225 335
Norwegian 150 105 40 290 115 175
Swedish 245 115 130 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 270 120 155
Yiddish 30 15 15 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 1,315 670 645 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 6,535 3,635 2,900 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 4,935 2,790 2,140 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 625 350 275 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 240 150 90 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 2,270 1,300 975 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 15 0 10 20 15 10
Konkani 15 15 0 40 30 10
Marathi 135 85 45 275 170 105
Nepali 620 315 305 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 570 445 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 10 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245 125 120 920 500 420
Urdu 1,090 660 425 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 1,625 865 755 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 185 110 75 600 295 305
Pashto 85 55 30 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 1,385 725 660 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 9,365 4,270 5,100 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 15 10 10 15 10 10
Italian 1,665 845 820 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 910 480 430 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 240 140 105 785 395 390
Spanish 6,990 3,020 3,970 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 55 20 60 45 15
Japanese 865 335 530 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 10 0 15 0 15
Korean 1,530 685 850 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,340 715 620 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30 260 165 95
Bamanankan 10 10 10 160 95 65
Edo 10 10 0 95 60 30
Ewe 80 50 30 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 50 25 25
Ga 30 15 20 30 10 15
Ganda 60 15 40 230 110 120
Igbo 70 45 30 665 345 325
Lingala 30 15 15 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 130 65 65 305 155 155
Shona 65 40 35 250 110 140
Swahili 370 200 175 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 35 15 20 150 85 70
Yoruba 250 125 125 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 300 175 130 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 30 20 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 10 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 225 120 105
Sign languages 1,605 555 1,045 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 795 235 555 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 815 325 495 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,135 3,615 3,515 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 7,115 3,610 3,500 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 1,555 730 820 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 45 25 25 50 30 20
Mandarin 5,435 2,720 2,710 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 75 120 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 30 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 340 245 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 20 10 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 240 110 130 1,565 730 835
Lao 20 0 10 1,120 520 600
Thai 220 100 120 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 620 320 300 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 50 25 30
Turkish 480 225 255 365 180 185
Uyghur 15 0 10 30 15 10
Uzbek 105 60 40 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 430 200 230 1,550 730 815
Estonian 50 25 20 45 20 25
Finnish 120 55 70 265 105 160
Hungarian 255 115 140 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 908,340 440,735 467,605 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 878,415 425,340 453,070 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 159,440 81,575 77,870 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 718,970 343,770 375,200 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 29,930 15,395 14,535 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 908,340 440,730 467,605 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 842,760 407,740 435,015 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 55,675 27,270 28,405 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 19,200 9,335 9,865 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 4,800 2,330 2,470 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 6,705 3,140 3,560 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 13,185 6,540 6,645 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 5,105 2,500 2,600 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 8,080 4,035 4,045 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,790 5,925 5,865 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,900 5,720 4,185 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 55,675 27,270 28,410 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 7,280 3,495 3,785 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 10,445 5,240 5,205 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 10,170 4,670 5,500 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 22,980 11,315 11,660 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 4,800 2,550 2,250 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 55,680 27,270 28,410 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 10,610 4,830 5,780 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 175 75 100 435 170 265
Colombia 175 90 85 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 95 50 45 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 170 85 90 1,135 515 620
Haiti 55 30 30 155 75 80
Jamaica 480 210 275 1,810 835 970
Mexico 325 155 175 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 105 35 75 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 220 120 100 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,375 3,320 4,055 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 1,430 675 750 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 22,110 11,195 10,920 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 115 100 1,055 530 525
Croatia 180 75 105 975 445 535
France 610 330 280 795 425 365
Germany 2,600 1,270 1,330 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 505 270 235 820 445 375
Hungary 110 40 65 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 475 225 255 650 310 340
Italy 525 310 215 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 1,645 790 855 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 630 265 365 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 220 140 80 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 180 100 80 720 345 375
Russian Federation 585 270 315 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 45 355 175 175
Ukraine 335 145 195 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,275 5,815 5,460 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 1,930 985 945 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 3,525 1,855 1,675 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 25 15 15 115 60 55
Egypt 770 395 370 980 525 455
Ethiopia 185 105 85 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 125 75 50 935 470 465
Morocco 80 50 30 250 140 110
Nigeria 350 185 165 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 65 30 35 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 460 205 250 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 1,465 790 675 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 18,955 9,100 9,855 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 100 40 60 615 285 330
Bangladesh 315 180 135 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,830 1,140 1,685 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 280 130 155 1,460 715 735
India 2,225 1,190 1,040 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 970 525 440 1,180 655 530
Iraq 525 250 285 860 460 400
Japan 225 60 170 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 870 340 530 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 1,370 755 610 265 165 100
Pakistan 615 315 295 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 2,570 1,035 1,540 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 310 140 175 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,150 565 580 805 390 410
Taiwan 225 100 120 215 110 110
Viet Nam 450 205 245 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 3,930 2,130 1,795 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 480 295 180 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,785 5,920 5,870 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 1,390 675 715 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 95 40 55 100 35 65
Colombia 15 0 15 185 70 120
Cuba 70 40 30 75 25 55
Haiti 20 15 0 15 10 0
Jamaica 195 100 95 340 175 165
Mexico 105 55 45 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 615 310 305 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 275 115 165 1,490 640 850
Europe 2,210 1,165 1,045 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 110 55 55 135 70 75
Germany 215 110 100 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 50 25 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 15 160 85 70
Romania 40 25 15 70 30 35
Russian Federation 180 75 100 1,145 530 610