Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nova Scotia [Province] and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nova Scotia

[Province]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : Nova Scotia [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 923,598 ... ... 1,098,352 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 921,727 ... ... 1,033,381 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.2 ... ... 6.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 458,568 ... ... 495,582 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 401,990 ... ... 432,622 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.4 ... ... 1.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 52,942.27 ... ... 588,243.54 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 923,600 446,885 476,715 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 133,825 68,370 65,455 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 42,005 21,365 20,640 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 45,980 23,650 22,330 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 45,845 23,350 22,490 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 605,950 295,100 310,845 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 51,255 26,240 25,015 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 56,160 28,150 28,010 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 53,725 26,790 26,940 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 51,730 25,130 26,600 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 52,010 24,560 27,450 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 57,050 27,245 29,805 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 61,890 29,720 32,170 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 75,675 36,615 39,065 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 76,505 36,925 39,580 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 69,960 33,735 36,225 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 183,820 83,415 100,405 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 63,710 30,810 32,905 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 45,005 21,520 23,485 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 31,545 14,520 17,030 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 21,915 9,425 12,495 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 21,645 7,140 14,505 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 13,205 4,845 8,360 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 6,320 1,830 4,485 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 1,855 415 1,430 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 270 45 225 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.3 13.7 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.0 65.2 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.1 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 43.5 42.5 44.4 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 45.5 44.5 46.4 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 401,990 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
Single-detached house 263,470 ... ... 314,340 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,350 ... ... 10,520 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,300 ... ... 98,435 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,465 ... ... 12,705 ... ...
Row house 10,215 ... ... 18,535 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 12,435 ... ... 9,385 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 58,405 ... ... 57,115 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 700 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,870 ... ... 9,325 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 401,990 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
1 person 118,670 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
2 persons 156,825 ... ... 153,610 ... ...
3 persons 60,250 ... ... 60,240 ... ...
4 persons 44,970 ... ... 56,080 ... ...
5 or more persons 21,275 ... ... 41,520 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 908,340 ... ... 1,070,560 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 789,770 378,515 411,255 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 454,970 227,220 227,750 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 369,695 184,705 184,990 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 85,275 42,515 42,760 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 334,800 151,295 183,505 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 209,455 110,175 99,280 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 24,105 10,450 13,655 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 48,835 19,715 29,115 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 52,405 10,955 41,455 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 270,965 ... ... 302,260 ... ...
2 persons 157,600 ... ... 157,195 ... ...
3 persons 56,625 ... ... 58,770 ... ...
4 persons 41,095 ... ... 54,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 15,645 ... ... 32,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 270,965 ... ... 302,260 ... ...
Total couple families 224,065 ... ... 252,765 ... ...
Married couples 181,435 ... ... 211,500 ... ...
Common-law couples 42,630 ... ... 41,265 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,900 ... ... 49,495 ... ...
Female parent 37,595 ... ... 38,165 ... ...
Male parent 9,305 ... ... 11,330 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 224,065 ... ... 252,770 ... ...
Couples without children 128,125 ... ... 129,085 ... ...
Couples with children 95,940 ... ... 123,685 ... ...
1 child 43,810 ... ... 45,495 ... ...
2 children 37,595 ... ... 49,035 ... ...
3 or more children 14,535 ... ... 29,150 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,900 ... ... 49,490 ... ...
1 child 29,480 ... ... 28,110 ... ...
2 children 12,810 ... ... 13,280 ... ...
3 or more children 4,610 ... ... 8,105 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 175,575 81,140 94,435 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 401,990 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
One-census-family households 260,280 ... ... 285,675 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,000 ... ... 124,620 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 136,280 ... ... 161,055 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,285 ... ... 7,975 ... ...
Non-census-family households 136,425 ... ... 138,965 ... ...
One-person households 118,675 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,750 ... ... 17,795 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 912,300 442,470 469,830 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 813,480 398,950 414,530 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 705 305 400 535 255 280
English and French 95,380 41,925 53,460 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 2,735 1,295 1,440 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 912,295 442,470 469,830 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 879,465 426,535 452,930 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 28,490 13,890 14,600 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 1,760 825 930 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 2,585 1,215 1,365 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 29,370 14,300 15,070 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 912,295 442,470 469,830 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 904,240 438,550 465,690 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 859,690 416,245 443,445 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 830,220 401,980 428,240 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 29,465 14,265 15,205 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 44,550 22,305 22,245 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 4,290 2,020 2,270 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 4,210 1,985 2,225 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 15 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 250 115 135
Woods Cree 0 0 0 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 4,190 1,975 2,215 5 0 5
Malecite 10 5 5 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 4,185 1,970 2,215 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 935 445 490
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 60 30 35 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 5 5 0
Inuktitut 55 30 30 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 235 110 125
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 230 110 120
Dakota 0 0 0 195 85 105
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,260 20,285 19,975 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,760 4,275 3,480 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 10 10 0 10 5 0
Kabyle 5 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 130 65 65 1,050 505 545
Bilen 5 0 0 55 25 30
Oromo 60 30 25 195 100 90
Somali 50 20 30 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 25 15 10
Semitic languages 7,615 4,205 3,415 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 115 50 65 290 140 155
Arabic 7,110 3,950 3,165 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 150 75 75
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 210 115 95 75 45 30
Maltese 15 10 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 140 65 80 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 245 260 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 135 70 70
Vietnamese 490 240 250 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,235 940 1,300 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 5 5 5 85 40 40
Cebuano 150 60 90 1,545 685 855
Fijian 0 0 0 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 255 120 140
Ilocano 55 15 40 790 370 415
Malagasy 0 5 0 0 0 0
Malay 55 25 35 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 175 80 95
Pangasinan 5 0 0 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,905 810 1,090 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 265 125 140
Creole languages 95 60 35 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 10 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 1,010 595 420 1,560 865 700
Kannada 40 20 15 60 35 30
Malayalam 365 205 165 850 455 395
Tamil 315 185 130 350 200 150
Telugu 285 180 110 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 18,590 9,320 9,270 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 275 130 140 380 190 190
Armenian 35 30 10 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 3,470 1,645 1,830 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 100 35 60 175 85 90
Latvian 50 20 30 100 45 50
Lithuanian 45 15 30 75 40 35
Slavic languages 3,375 1,610 1,765 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 5 5 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 120 60 65 225 110 120
Bulgarian 55 25 30 65 35 30
Croatian 225 105 115 455 240 220
Czech 205 105 100 235 115 125
Macedonian 20 10 15 55 30 30
Polish 795 365 435 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 1,285 615 670 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 115 60 65 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 40 120 60 65
Slovak 100 45 55 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 80 40 45
Ukrainian 320 155 170 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 290 145 145
Celtic languages 185 80 100 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 145 65 85 10 5 5
Welsh 30 10 15 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 5
Germanic languages 5,700 2,800 2,900 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 120 55 60 880 450 430
Danish 160 105 60 255 145 110
Dutch 1,620 815 805 1,385 685 700
Frisian 35 20 15 30 20 10
German 3,435 1,645 1,790 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 45 20 20 55 20 25
Norwegian 110 60 50 310 140 165
Swedish 110 45 65 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 60 25 35
Yiddish 20 10 5 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 5 5 0
Greek 760 390 365 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,650 2,190 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 3,385 1,895 1,490 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 475 290 185 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 195 125 70 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 745 445 300 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 10 5 5 20 10 10
Konkani 5 5 5 35 15 10
Marathi 70 35 35 140 80 55
Nepali 530 255 275 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 310 270 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 20 10 5 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 85 85 270 130 135
Urdu 575 330 245 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 1,425 740 690 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 115 65 50 145 80 65
Pashto 80 45 35 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 1,230 630 605 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 3,335 1,605 1,730 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 10 5 5 5 0 0
Italian 745 400 340 705 365 340
Portuguese 520 245 270 615 265 350
Romanian 225 110 120 850 425 430
Spanish 1,830 840 985 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Japanese 360 100 260 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Georgian 5 0 0 5 0 5
Korean 1,095 475 620 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 40 20 25
Mongolian 0 5 0 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 630 325 305 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 40 25 25 190 115 75
Bamanankan 15 5 5 0 0 5
Edo 5 0 5 35 20 15
Ewe 40 25 10 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 25 15 5
Ga 10 5 5 20 15 5
Ganda 20 5 15 35 15 20
Igbo 45 20 20 215 125 90
Lingala 5 0 5 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 15 30 115 55 60
Shona 30 15 15 90 55 40
Swahili 135 65 70 425 220 205
Wolof 10 10 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 65 35 30 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 40 335 195 140
Dinka 20 10 10 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 220 120 100
Sign languages 190 90 100 200 100 100
American Sign Language 85 40 50 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 50 55 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,665 3,335 3,330 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 6,635 3,320 3,315 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 1,145 535 610 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 20 5 15 35 20 15
Mandarin 4,640 2,325 2,315 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 50 70 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 20 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 645 365 280 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 1,040 530 505
Burmese 15 5 10 180 115 65
Karenic languages 0 0 0 810 395 415
Tibetan 5 0 5 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 155 55 100 525 235 290
Lao 10 0 5 345 175 170
Thai 150 50 100 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 445 240 205 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 25 10 10
Turkish 305 165 140 290 155 130
Uyghur 5 5 5 5 0 5
Uzbek 110 60 50 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 10 10
Uralic languages 415 180 235 1,555 735 820
Estonian 40 20 25 20 10 10
Finnish 95 30 60 205 85 120
Hungarian 275 130 150 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 100 55 45
Multiple responses 8,060 3,920 4,140 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 3,445 1,600 1,850 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 4,180 2,110 2,070 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 225 115 105 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 210 90 120 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 912,300 442,470 469,830 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 900,755 436,755 464,000 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 878,015 425,220 452,795 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 863,550 418,315 445,240 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 14,460 6,910 7,560 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 22,740 11,540 11,205 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 2,570 1,285 1,295 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 2,565 1,280 1,285 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 95 40 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,560 1,280 1,280 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 2,560 1,275 1,280 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 45 20 25
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 50 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 35 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,170 10,255 9,915 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,630 2,450 2,180 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 85 40 45 720 335 380
Bilen 5 0 5 30 15 15
Oromo 45 20 25 140 75 70
Somali 25 10 15 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 15 5 5
Semitic languages 4,540 2,405 2,130 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 55 25 30 150 75 70
Arabic 4,260 2,270 1,990 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 115 60 55
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 125 70 55 25 10 15
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 95 40 55 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 160 165 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Vietnamese 330 165 170 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,140 550 585 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 55 20 35 580 280 295
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 110 60 50
Ilocano 15 5 5 240 115 120
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 5 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,065 520 545 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Creole languages 35 20 20 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 425 240 185 845 440 410
Kannada 15 5 10 20 10 10
Malayalam 140 75 60 525 265 260
Tamil 140 80 60 155 90 65
Telugu 125 80 50 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,410 3,715 3,690 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 110 60 55 205 100 100
Armenian 15 10 10 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 680 720 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 30 10 15 80 35 45
Latvian 10 5 10 40 20 20
Lithuanian 15 5 10 40 15 25
Slavic languages 1,375 675 700 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 65 30 30 85 45 40
Bulgarian 25 15 10 35 20 15
Croatian 65 25 40 170 85 85
Czech 45 25 20 30 20 15
Macedonian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Polish 235 105 125 480 220 255
Russian 785 385 390 1,725 875 840
Serbian 60 25 35 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 10 45 20 25
Slovak 20 10 15 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ukrainian 55 30 20 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 90
Celtic languages 60 35 30 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 60 35 30 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 1,490 725 760 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 30 15 15 530 275 250
Danish 15 0 15 10 5 0
Dutch 135 70 70 200 110 95
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 0
German 1,225 600 625 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 30 10 15 0 0 0
Norwegian 20 5 10 10 5 10
Swedish 15 5 5 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 0 0 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 45 25 20
Greek 270 135 130 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 2,815 1,475 1,335 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 1,850 995 860 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 250 135 115 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 100 60 35 1,585 865 720
Hindi 310 190 120 880 490 390
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 30 15 15 55 30 30
Nepali 475 235 240 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 125 125 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 5 5 0 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50 140 70 70
Urdu 340 175 165 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 960 475 480 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 85 50 40 65 40 30
Pashto 45 20 20 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 825 405 420 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 1,240 595 645 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 165 70 85 155 80 75
Portuguese 195 90 105 220 100 115
Romanian 70 35 35 315 165 150
Spanish 810 390 420 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Japanese 110 35 70 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 710 330 385 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 165 80 85 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 55 30 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 5
Ewe 15 5 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Ga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 40 15 20
Lingala 0 5 0 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 35 15 25
Shona 0 0 0 35 25 15
Swahili 60 30 35 200 90 110
Wolof 0 0 0 0 5 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20 135 65 70
Dinka 10 5 10 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 70 35 40
Sign languages 285 145 140 285 175 105
American Sign Language 110 55 60 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 175 90 80 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,550 2,345 2,200 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 4,545 2,345 2,200 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 640 335 310 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 5 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 3,410 1,740 1,675 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 25 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 415 235 180 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 775 380 395
Burmese 0 0 0 115 65 55
Karenic languages 0 0 0 640 310 335
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 35 190 85 105
Lao 0 0 0 125 60 60
Thai 55 15 35 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 215 110 105 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 5 5 5
Turkish 140 70 75 170 90 85
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 70 40 30 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 5
Uralic languages 75 35 40 240 125 120
Estonian 5 5 5 10 0 5
Finnish 15 10 5 15 10 5
Hungarian 55 25 30 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 20
Multiple responses 11,540 5,715 5,825 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 2,180 995 1,185 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 8,970 4,515 4,450 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 75 40 30 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 315 155 160 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 912,295 442,470 469,825 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 861,780 418,525 443,260 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 17,005 8,480 8,525 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 16,390 7,210 9,175 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 16,275 7,850 8,420 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 2,135 930 1,205 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 14,135 6,920 7,220 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 150 70 80 170 85 85
English and non-official language 220 105 115 860 440 420
French and non-official language 470 230 245 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 774,750 372,455 402,290 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,260 358,055 386,205 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,813 38,379 26,750 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,545 358,085 386,455 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,627 33,642 24,590 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 648,960 320,380 328,580 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,938 36,363 24,497 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 554,985 243,860 311,130 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,438 8,175 6,961 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 523,020 264,375 258,645 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 35,676 25,405 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 774,750 372,455 402,295 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,275 357,820 386,455 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,479 49,413 34,132 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,560 357,855 386,710 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,175 39,776 28,993 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 648,910 320,370 328,540 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,299 48,457 32,345 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 555,740 243,445 312,295 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,495 8,859 8,211 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 523,020 264,475 258,545 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,522 46,606 32,275 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 774,750 372,455 402,295 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 245,425 131,095 114,325 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,665 53,785 42,236 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,820 63,886 48,717 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.6 87.7 80.7 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.9 69.7 63.3 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.4 12.3 19.3 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 774,750 372,455 402,295 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 30,485 14,395 16,090 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 744,265 358,060 386,205 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 104,125 43,575 60,545 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 134,355 50,310 84,050 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 114,855 47,195 67,660 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 98,325 45,040 53,280 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 79,435 39,605 39,830 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 57,255 32,255 25,000 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 41,715 25,830 15,885 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 33,195 19,945 13,250 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 25,500 14,900 10,605 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 15,530 10,095 5,435 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 39,965 29,300 10,665 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 28,130 20,205 7,925 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 11,835 9,095 2,745 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 774,750 372,455 402,295 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 30,205 14,370 15,840 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 744,540 358,085 386,455 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,630 44,435 64,195 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 142,975 54,160 88,815 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 138,435 58,900 79,535 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 119,130 56,990 62,145 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 84,245 46,675 37,565 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 56,235 34,590 21,645 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 39,320 23,195 16,125 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 21,210 13,950 7,260 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 34,360 25,185 9,170 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 11,615 8,185 3,430 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 6,825 4,950 1,875 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 15,915 12,050 3,860 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 774,745 372,455 402,295 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 251,730 108,080 143,650 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 523,020 264,370 258,640 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 67.5 71.0 64.3 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 72,940 34,125 38,820 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 45,820 19,475 26,350 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 76,685 33,555 43,130 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 66,155 29,385 36,770 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 60,485 27,455 33,035 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 49,395 24,470 24,925 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 37,685 21,735 15,955 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 28,695 17,955 10,740 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 24,970 14,750 10,220 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 60,175 41,470 18,705 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 20,175 11,645 8,535 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 11,685 7,975 3,715 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 28,310 21,850 6,460 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 401,990 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,764 ... ... 75,412 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,129 ... ... 65,784 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 118,670 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,377 ... ... 38,188 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,511 ... ... 34,099 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 283,320 ... ... 311,450 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,136 ... ... 94,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,538 ... ... 81,696 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 401,990 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,797 ... ... 93,942 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,299 ... ... 77,837 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 118,705 ... ... 121,040 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,601 ... ... 48,880 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,962 ... ... 40,555 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 283,285 ... ... 311,580 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,383 ... ... 111,447 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,011 ... ... 92,320 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 401,990 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,830 ... ... 6,930 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,755 ... ... 4,575 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,330 ... ... 7,675 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,155 ... ... 18,025 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,210 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,700 ... ... 14,875 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,645 ... ... 17,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,995 ... ... 17,410 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,285 ... ... 17,345 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,235 ... ... 16,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,450 ... ... 31,595 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,470 ... ... 29,700 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,340 ... ... 25,810 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,240 ... ... 23,280 ... ...
$100,000 and over 100,600 ... ... 154,720 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 38,090 ... ... 48,375 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,330 ... ... 35,320 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,445 ... ... 40,875 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,730 ... ... 30,160 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 401,990 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,145 ... ... 7,355 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,885 ... ... 4,680 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,545 ... ... 7,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,370 ... ... 18,625 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 23,030 ... ... 20,275 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,365 ... ... 17,325 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,495 ... ... 20,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,945 ... ... 20,990 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,630 ... ... 20,395 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,635 ... ... 19,790 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,585 ... ... 37,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,920 ... ... 35,255 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,795 ... ... 32,575 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,160 ... ... 28,995 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,275 ... ... 25,545 ... ...
$100,000 and over 64,210 ... ... 114,570 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,985 ... ... 47,890 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,940 ... ... 29,680 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,280 ... ... 36,995 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 269,560 ... ... 299,345 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,529 ... ... 93,747 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,728 ... ... 81,065 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 121,200 ... ... 122,845 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,495 ... ... 87,865 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,883 ... ... 75,765 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 97,460 ... ... 124,285 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,981 ... ... 119,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,099 ... ... 101,656 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,560 ... ... 44,110 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,597 ... ... 50,749 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,309 ... ... 47,776 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 269,510 ... ... 299,455 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,027 ... ... 111,031 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,371 ... ... 91,825 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 121,285 ... ... 123,045 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,511 ... ... 104,889 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,143 ... ... 86,074 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 97,490 ... ... 124,275 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,890 ... ... 135,718 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,021 ... ... 111,601 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 43,470 ... ... 44,125 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,587 ... ... 62,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,700 ... ... 54,678 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,715 73,825 83,890 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,180 30,235 26,673 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,848 27,176 24,859 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,410 73,440 83,970 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,847 38,945 35,012 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,893 31,946 29,973 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 908,340 440,700 467,640 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 519,830 244,725 275,105 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 105,810 49,730 56,080 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 112,825 49,900 62,920 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 102,515 48,345 54,175 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 100,645 48,515 52,130 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 98,030 48,235 49,800 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 388,510 195,975 192,540 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 94,350 47,240 47,110 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 89,765 45,260 44,505 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 83,140 41,815 41,330 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 69,850 35,450 34,400 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 51,410 26,210 25,195 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 898,345 435,895 462,450 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 159,820 81,670 78,150 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 49,595 25,280 24,310 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 565,395 274,120 291,275 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 173,125 80,100 93,025 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 154,955 70,415 84,540 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 35,525 18,145 17,380 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 12,740 6,470 6,275 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 88,355 40,375 47,985 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 31,075 11,890 19,185 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.2 18.3 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 25.7 25.6 25.8 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.7 16.5 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 17.9 14.8 20.6 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 70,745 34,290 36,460 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 15,285 7,805 7,485 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 5,645 2,870 2,775 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 52,220 25,185 27,030 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 3,240 1,295 1,945 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 7.9 7.9 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.6 9.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.4 11.4 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 9.2 9.3 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 908,340 440,730 467,605 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 905,700 439,525 466,180 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 905,020 439,215 465,805 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 95,740 42,150 53,585 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 64,100 31,380 32,725 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,685 2,960 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 5,575 2,635 2,935 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 470 185 285
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,550 2,625 2,920 0 0 0
Malecite 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5,540 2,625 2,920 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 15 10 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 10 0 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 35 25 15 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 30 15 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10 505 240 260
Salish languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 510 255 250
Dakota 0 0 0 415 205 210
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,490 28,715 29,770 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,730 5,745 4,985 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 25 15 15 40 35 0
Kabyle 25 15 15 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 155 65 95 1,305 620 690
Bilen 20 15 10 85 40 45
Oromo 40 15 20 160 70 90
Somali 75 25 55 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10,635 5,715 4,925 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 260 135 120 545 255 290
Arabic 9,685 5,185 4,500 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 100
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 630 370 260 470 245 230
Maltese 25 0 25 0 0 0
Tigrigna 140 65 70 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 575 260 310 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 210 105 105
Vietnamese 555 255 300 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,035 1,275 1,760 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 10 0 10 90 30 55
Cebuano 185 80 100 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 10 0 0 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 45 20 30 285 130 150
Ilocano 70 20 55 785 365 415
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 80 25 60 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 265 130 135
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,835 1,195 1,635 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 300 145 155
Creole languages 360 185 175 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 120 60 65 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 115 100 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 1,365 785 580 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 75 45 35 115 65 55
Malayalam 560 310 250 1,170 625 540
Tamil 450 260 190 635 345 290
Telugu 350 215 135 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 30,820 15,070 15,755 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 405 185 215 560 275 285
Armenian 80 45 30 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 4,095 1,935 2,160 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 110 35 80 225 120 110
Latvian 50 15 35 135 60 70
Lithuanian 55 15 40 95 60 35
Slavic languages 4,010 1,910 2,105 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 10 0 10 20 0 15
Bosnian 145 60 80 325 155 165
Bulgarian 75 35 35 75 40 35
Croatian 275 105 165 605 355 250
Czech 210 95 110 300 155 150
Macedonian 90 55 30 65 35 35
Polish 900 410 490 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 1,945 970 970 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 180 85 95 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 115 70 50 80 30 50
Slovak 145 70 75 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 105 50 50
Ukrainian 425 180 245 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 205 140
Celtic languages 1,070 495 580 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 910 400 505 55 35 25
Welsh 35 25 10 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 70 45 20
Germanic languages 9,225 4,490 4,740 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 320 140 175 1,455 750 705
Danish 235 125 110 320 195 125
Dutch 2,105 935 1,165 1,510 720 790
Frisian 60 30 30 25 15 15
German 6,335 3,180 3,155 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 100 40 60 70 40 30
Norwegian 150 105 40 415 180 235
Swedish 245 115 130 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 80 25 50
Yiddish 30 15 15 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 265 135 125
Greek 1,315 670 645 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 6,535 3,635 2,900 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 4,935 2,790 2,140 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 625 350 275 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 240 150 90 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 2,270 1,300 975 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 15 0 10 40 25 20
Konkani 15 15 0 40 30 15
Marathi 135 85 45 185 120 70
Nepali 620 315 305 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 570 445 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 10 0 0 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245 125 120 355 205 150
Urdu 1,090 660 425 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 1,625 865 755 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 185 110 75 145 90 60
Pashto 85 55 30 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 1,385 725 660 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 9,365 4,270 5,100 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 15 10 10 0 10 0
Italian 1,665 845 820 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 910 480 430 885 380 505
Romanian 240 140 105 1,105 525 575
Spanish 6,990 3,020 3,970 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 55 20 40 30 10
Japanese 865 335 530 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 0 15
Georgian 0 10 0 15 0 10
Korean 1,530 685 850 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 55 20 30
Mongolian 0 0 0 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,340 715 620 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30 355 185 170
Bamanankan 10 10 10 0 0 10
Edo 10 10 0 20 0 20
Ewe 80 50 30 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 60 45 15
Ga 30 15 20 45 25 15
Ganda 60 15 40 20 10 10
Igbo 70 45 30 625 325 300
Lingala 30 15 15 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 130 65 65 125 65 55
Shona 65 40 35 150 90 55
Swahili 370 200 175 950 570 380
Wolof 35 15 20 40 25 15
Yoruba 250 125 125 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 300 175 130 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 30 20 300 150 145
Dinka 0 0 10 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 195 90 105
Sign languages 1,605 555 1,045 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 795 235 555 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 815 325 495 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,135 3,615 3,515 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 7,115 3,610 3,500 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 1,555 730 820 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 45 25 25 30 10 20
Mandarin 5,435 2,720 2,710 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 75 120 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 30 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 340 245 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 960 495 460
Burmese 0 0 0 315 185 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 635 310 325
Tibetan 20 10 15 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 240 110 130 635 245 385
Lao 20 0 10 410 170 240
Thai 220 100 120 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 620 320 300 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 25 20 10
Turkish 480 225 255 530 310 220
Uyghur 15 0 10 0 0 0
Uzbek 105 60 40 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 430 200 230 1,765 850 915
Estonian 50 25 20 20 15 10
Finnish 120 55 70 360 170 190
Hungarian 255 115 140 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 908,340 440,735 467,605 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 878,415 425,340 453,070 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 159,440 81,575 77,870 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 718,970 343,770 375,200 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 29,930 15,395 14,535 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 908,340 440,730 467,605 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 842,760 407,740 435,015 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 55,675 27,270 28,405 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 19,200 9,335 9,865 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 4,800 2,330 2,470 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 6,705 3,140 3,560 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 13,185 6,540 6,645 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 5,105 2,500 2,600 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 8,080 4,035 4,045 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,790 5,925 5,865 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,900 5,720 4,185 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 55,675 27,270 28,410 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 7,280 3,495 3,785 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 10,445 5,240 5,205 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 10,170 4,670 5,500 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 22,980 11,315 11,660 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 4,800 2,550 2,250 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 55,680 27,270 28,410 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 10,610 4,830 5,780 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 175 75 100 185 65 120
Colombia 175 90 85 555 275 280
El Salvador 95 50 45 630 290 340
Guyana 170 85 90 155 75 85
Haiti 55 30 30 65 45 20
Jamaica 480 210 275 815 425 395
Mexico 325 155 175 1,330 665 665
Peru 105 35 75 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 220 120 100 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,375 3,320 4,055 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 1,430 675 750 1,805 955 845
Europe 22,110 11,195 10,920 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 115 100 455 215 245
Croatia 180 75 105 445 280 165
France 610 330 280 215 90 125
Germany 2,600 1,270 1,330 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 505 270 235 605 325 280
Hungary 110 40 65 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 475 225 255 845 490 355
Italy 525 310 215 570 305 265
Netherlands 1,645 790 855 1,220 585 635
Poland 630 265 365 1,395 690 705
Portugal 220 140 80 220 105 120
Romania 180 100 80 695 335 360
Russian Federation 585 270 315 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 45 585 305 280
Ukraine 335 145 195 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,275 5,815 5,460 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 1,930 985 945 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 3,525 1,855 1,675 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 25 15 15 50 35 15
Egypt 770 395 370 435 230 205
Ethiopia 185 105 85 635 285 355
Kenya 125 75 50 425 225 200
Morocco 80 50 30 180 95 80
Nigeria 350 185 165 1,695 845 855
Somalia 65 30 35 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 460 205 250 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 1,465 790 675 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 18,955 9,100 9,855 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 100 40 60 515 230 285
Bangladesh 315 180 135 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,830 1,140 1,685 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 280 130 155 765 370 400
India 2,225 1,190 1,040 9,630 5,190 4,435
IranCensus data footnote 61 970 525 440 785 465 325
Iraq 525 250 285 1,175 625 550
Japan 225 60 170 265 65 200
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 870 340 530 1,120 475 645
Lebanon 1,370 755 610 255 160 90
Pakistan 615 315 295 6,860 3,575 3,280
Philippines 2,570 1,035 1,540 26,860 12,655 14,210
Sri Lanka 310 140 175 440 235 205
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,150 565 580 1,155 610 550
Taiwan 225 100 120 180 80 100
Viet Nam 450 205 245 2,615 1,340 1,280
Other places of birth in Asia 3,930 2,130 1,795 4,425 2,290 2,140
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 480 295 180 675 350 325
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,785 5,920 5,870 47,935 23,880 24,055
Americas 1,390 675 715 2,320 1,090 1,230
Brazil 95 40 55 45 10 35
Colombia 15 0 15 115 55 65
Cuba 70 40 30 35 20 15
Haiti 20 15 0 10 10 0
Jamaica 195 100 95 405 230 180
Mexico 105 55 45 435 215 225
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 615 310 305 745 330 420
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 35 10 30
Other places of birth in Americas 275 115 165 490 220 270
Europe 2,210 1,165 1,045 4,855 2,405 2,455
France 110 55 55 50 15 45
Germany 215 110 100 190 105 80
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 50 25 525 315 205
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 15 100 50 50
Romania 40 25 15 95 35 60
Russian Federation 180 75 100 220 85 135