Census Profile, 2016 Census
Nova Scotia [Province] and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nova Scotia

[Province]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : Nova Scotia [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 923,598 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 921,727 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 458,568 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 401,990 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 17.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 52,942.27 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 923,600 446,885 476,715 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 133,825 68,370 65,455 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 42,005 21,365 20,640 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 45,980 23,650 22,330 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 45,845 23,350 22,490 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 605,950 295,100 310,845 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 51,255 26,240 25,015 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 56,160 28,150 28,010 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 53,725 26,790 26,940 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 51,730 25,130 26,600 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 52,010 24,560 27,450 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 57,050 27,245 29,805 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 61,890 29,720 32,170 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 75,675 36,615 39,065 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 76,505 36,925 39,580 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 69,960 33,735 36,225 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 183,820 83,415 100,405 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 63,710 30,810 32,905 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 45,005 21,520 23,485 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 31,545 14,520 17,030 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 21,915 9,425 12,495 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 21,645 7,140 14,505 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 13,205 4,845 8,360 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 6,320 1,830 4,485 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,855 415 1,430 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 270 45 225 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.5 15.3 13.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.0 65.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.5 42.5 44.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.5 44.5 46.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 401,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 263,470 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,350 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,300 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,465 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 10,215 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 12,435 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 58,405 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,870 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 401,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 118,670 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 156,825 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 60,250 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 44,970 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 21,275 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 908,340 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 789,770 378,515 411,255 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 454,970 227,220 227,750 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 369,695 184,705 184,990 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 85,275 42,515 42,760 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 334,800 151,295 183,505 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 209,455 110,175 99,280 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 24,105 10,450 13,655 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 48,835 19,715 29,115 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 52,405 10,955 41,455 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 270,965 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 157,600 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 56,625 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 41,095 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 15,645 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 270,965 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 224,065 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 181,435 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 42,630 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 46,900 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 37,595 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 9,305 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 224,065 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 128,125 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 95,940 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 43,810 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 37,595 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 14,535 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 46,900 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 29,480 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 12,810 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 4,610 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 175,575 81,140 94,435 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 401,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 260,280 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,000 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 136,280 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,285 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 136,425 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 118,675 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,750 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 912,300 442,470 469,830 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 813,480 398,950 414,530 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 705 305 400 1,810 820 985
English and French 95,380 41,925 53,460 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,735 1,295 1,440 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 912,295 442,470 469,830 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 879,465 426,535 452,930 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 28,490 13,890 14,600 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,760 825 930 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,585 1,215 1,365 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 29,370 14,300 15,070 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 912,295 442,470 469,830 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 904,240 438,550 465,690 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 859,690 416,245 443,445 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 830,220 401,980 428,240 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 29,465 14,265 15,205 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 44,550 22,305 22,245 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 4,290 2,020 2,270 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 4,210 1,985 2,225 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 4,190 1,975 2,215 10 5 10
Malecite 10 5 5 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 4,185 1,970 2,215 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 0 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 5 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 60 30 35 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 10 0 10
Inuktitut 55 30 30 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,260 20,285 19,975 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,760 4,275 3,480 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 10 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 130 65 65 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 60 30 25 205 115 95
Somali 50 20 30 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 7,615 4,205 3,415 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 115 50 65 1,370 670 700
Arabic 7,110 3,950 3,165 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 210 115 95 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 15 10 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 140 65 80 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 505 245 260 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 490 240 250 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,235 940 1,300 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 5 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 150 60 90 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 55 15 40 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 5 0 20 10 15
Malay 55 25 35 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,905 810 1,090 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 95 60 35 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,010 595 420 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 40 20 15 280 150 135
Malayalam 365 205 165 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 315 185 130 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 285 180 110 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 18,590 9,320 9,270 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 275 130 140 1,465 765 705
Armenian 35 30 10 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 3,470 1,645 1,830 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 100 35 60 1,070 485 585
Latvian 50 20 30 565 255 300
Lithuanian 45 15 30 505 225 280
Slavic languages 3,375 1,610 1,765 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 120 60 65 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 55 25 30 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 225 105 115 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 205 105 100 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 20 10 15 325 160 165
Polish 795 365 435 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,285 615 670 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 115 60 65 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 40 1,395 670 725
Slovak 100 45 55 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 320 155 170 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 185 80 100 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 145 65 85 240 130 110
Welsh 30 10 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 5,700 2,800 2,900 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 120 55 60 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 160 105 60 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,620 815 805 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 35 20 15 295 145 145
German 3,435 1,645 1,790 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 45 20 20 275 135 145
Norwegian 110 60 50 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 110 45 65 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 20 10 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 65 45 25
Greek 760 390 365 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 4,835 2,650 2,190 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 3,385 1,895 1,490 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 475 290 185 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 195 125 70 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 745 445 300 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 10 5 5 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 70 35 35 620 325 295
Nepali 530 255 275 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 585 310 270 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 20 10 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 85 85 1,675 845 830
Urdu 575 330 245 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,425 740 690 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 115 65 50 1,765 945 825
Pashto 80 45 35 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,230 630 605 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 3,335 1,605 1,730 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 745 400 340 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 520 245 270 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 225 110 120 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,830 840 985 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 360 100 260 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,095 475 620 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 5 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 630 325 305 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 40 25 25 495 275 220
Bamanankan 15 5 5 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 5 85 50 35
Ewe 40 25 10 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 10 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 20 5 15 90 45 45
Igbo 45 20 20 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 15 30 155 70 80
Shona 30 15 15 215 100 115
Swahili 135 65 70 805 400 405
Wolof 10 10 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 65 35 30 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 75 70 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 40 340 175 165
Dinka 20 10 10 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 240 115 125
Sign languages 190 90 100 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 85 40 50 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 50 55 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,665 3,335 3,330 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 6,635 3,320 3,315 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,145 535 610 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 20 5 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 4,640 2,325 2,315 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 50 70 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 30 20 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 645 365 280 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 20 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 15 5 10 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 0 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 155 55 100 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 10 0 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 150 50 100 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 445 240 205 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 530 290 235
Turkish 305 165 140 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 110 60 50 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 415 180 235 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 40 20 25 705 295 410
Finnish 95 30 60 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 275 130 150 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 500 280 225
Multiple responses 8,060 3,920 4,140 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 3,445 1,600 1,850 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,180 2,110 2,070 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 225 115 105 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 210 90 120 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 912,300 442,470 469,830 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 900,755 436,755 464,000 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 878,015 425,220 452,795 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 863,550 418,315 445,240 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 14,460 6,910 7,560 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 22,740 11,540 11,205 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 2,570 1,285 1,295 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 2,565 1,280 1,285 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,560 1,280 1,280 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 2,560 1,275 1,280 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,170 10,255 9,915 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,630 2,450 2,180 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 85 40 45 770 355 415
Bilen 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 45 20 25 90 50 45
Somali 25 10 15 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 4,540 2,405 2,130 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 55 25 30 600 275 320
Arabic 4,260 2,270 1,990 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 125 70 55 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 95 40 55 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 160 165 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 330 165 170 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 1,140 550 585 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 55 20 35 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,065 520 545 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 35 20 20 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 425 240 185 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 15 5 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 140 75 60 1,225 615 605
Tamil 140 80 60 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 125 80 50 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 7,410 3,715 3,690 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 110 60 55 695 335 360
Armenian 15 10 10 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 680 720 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 30 10 15 210 90 115
Latvian 10 5 10 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 5 10 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,375 675 700 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 65 30 30 595 300 300
Bulgarian 25 15 10 1,035 485 550
Croatian 65 25 40 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 45 25 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 235 105 125 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 785 385 390 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 60 25 35 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 10 500 235 265
Slovak 20 10 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 55 30 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 60 35 30 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 60 35 30 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,490 725 760 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 15 0 15 305 145 160
Dutch 135 70 70 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,225 600 625 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 30 10 15 75 35 35
Norwegian 20 5 10 140 60 80
Swedish 15 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 5
Greek 270 135 130 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,815 1,475 1,335 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,850 995 860 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 250 135 115 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 100 60 35 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 310 190 120 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 5 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 30 15 15 270 140 130
Nepali 475 235 240 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 250 125 125 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50 675 330 340
Urdu 340 175 165 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 960 475 480 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 85 50 40 1,080 540 535
Pashto 45 20 20 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 825 405 420 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,240 595 645 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 165 70 85 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 195 90 105 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 70 35 35 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 810 390 420 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 110 35 70 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 710 330 385 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 165 80 85 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 15 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 5 10 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 0 5 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 60 30 35 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 20 10 10 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 20 140 60 75
Dinka 10 5 10 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 85 30 55
Sign languages 285 145 140 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 110 55 60 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 175 90 80 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,550 2,345 2,200 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,545 2,345 2,200 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 640 335 310 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 3,410 1,740 1,675 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 25 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 415 235 180 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 35 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 55 15 35 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 215 110 105 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 195 105 95
Turkish 140 70 75 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 70 40 30 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 75 35 40 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 15 10 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 55 25 30 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 11,540 5,715 5,825 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 2,180 995 1,185 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 8,970 4,515 4,450 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 75 40 30 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 315 155 160 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 912,295 442,470 469,825 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 861,780 418,525 443,260 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 17,005 8,480 8,525 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 16,390 7,210 9,175 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 16,275 7,850 8,420 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 2,135 930 1,205 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 14,135 6,920 7,220 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 150 70 80 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 220 105 115 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 470 230 245 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 774,750 372,455 402,290 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,260 358,055 386,205 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,813 38,379 26,750 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 744,545 358,085 386,455 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,627 33,642 24,590 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 648,960 320,380 328,580 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,938 36,363 24,497 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 554,985 243,860 311,130 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,438 8,175 6,961 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 523,020 264,375 258,645 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 35,676 25,405 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 774,750 372,455 402,295 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,275 357,820 386,455 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,479 49,413 34,132 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 744,560 357,855 386,710 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,175 39,776 28,993 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 648,910 320,370 328,540 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,299 48,457 32,345 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 555,740 243,445 312,295 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,495 8,859 8,211 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 523,020 264,475 258,545 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,522 46,606 32,275 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 774,750 372,455 402,295 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 245,425 131,095 114,325 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,665 53,785 42,236 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,820 63,886 48,717 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.6 87.7 80.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.9 69.7 63.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.4 12.3 19.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 774,750 372,455 402,295 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 30,485 14,395 16,090 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 744,265 358,060 386,205 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 104,125 43,575 60,545 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 134,355 50,310 84,050 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 114,855 47,195 67,660 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 98,325 45,040 53,280 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 79,435 39,605 39,830 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 57,255 32,255 25,000 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 41,715 25,830 15,885 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 33,195 19,945 13,250 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 25,500 14,900 10,605 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 15,530 10,095 5,435 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 39,965 29,300 10,665 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 28,130 20,205 7,925 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 11,835 9,095 2,745 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 774,750 372,455 402,295 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 30,205 14,370 15,840 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 744,540 358,085 386,455 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,630 44,435 64,195 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 142,975 54,160 88,815 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 138,435 58,900 79,535 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 119,130 56,990 62,145 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 84,245 46,675 37,565 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 56,235 34,590 21,645 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 39,320 23,195 16,125 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 21,210 13,950 7,260 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 34,360 25,185 9,170 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 11,615 8,185 3,430 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 6,825 4,950 1,875 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 15,915 12,050 3,860 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 774,745 372,455 402,295 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 251,730 108,080 143,650 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 523,020 264,370 258,640 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 67.5 71.0 64.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 72,940 34,125 38,820 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 45,820 19,475 26,350 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 76,685 33,555 43,130 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 66,155 29,385 36,770 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 60,485 27,455 33,035 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 49,395 24,470 24,925 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 37,685 21,735 15,955 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 28,695 17,955 10,740 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 24,970 14,750 10,220 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 60,175 41,470 18,705 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 20,175 11,645 8,535 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 11,685 7,975 3,715 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 28,310 21,850 6,460 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 401,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,764 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,129 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 118,670 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,377 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,511 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 283,320 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,136 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,538 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 401,990 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,797 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,299 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 118,705 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,601 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,962 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 283,285 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,383 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,011 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 401,990 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,830 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,755 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,330 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,155 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,210 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,700 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,645 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,995 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,285 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,235 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,450 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,470 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,755 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,340 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,240 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 100,600 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 38,090 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,330 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,445 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 14,730 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 401,990 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,145 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,885 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,545 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,370 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 23,030 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,365 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,495 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 23,945 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 22,630 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,635 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,585 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,920 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,795 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 24,160 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 19,275 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 64,210 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,985 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,940 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,280 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 269,560 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,529 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,728 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 121,200 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,495 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,883 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 97,460 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,981 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,099 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,560 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,597 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,309 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 269,510 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,027 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,371 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 121,285 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,511 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,143 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 97,490 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,890 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,021 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 43,470 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,587 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,700 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,715 73,825 83,890 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,180 30,235 26,673 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,848 27,176 24,859 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,410 73,440 83,970 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,847 38,945 35,012 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,893 31,946 29,973 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 908,340 440,700 467,640 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 519,830 244,725 275,105 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 105,810 49,730 56,080 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 112,825 49,900 62,920 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 102,515 48,345 54,175 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 100,645 48,515 52,130 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 98,030 48,235 49,800 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 388,510 195,975 192,540 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 94,350 47,240 47,110 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 89,765 45,260 44,505 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 83,140 41,815 41,330 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 69,850 35,450 34,400 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 51,410 26,210 25,195 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 898,345 435,895 462,450 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 159,820 81,670 78,150 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 49,595 25,280 24,310 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 565,395 274,120 291,275 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 173,125 80,100 93,025 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 154,955 70,415 84,540 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 35,525 18,145 17,380 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 12,740 6,470 6,275 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 88,355 40,375 47,985 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 31,075 11,890 19,185 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.2 16.2 18.3 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 25.7 25.6 25.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 14.7 16.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 17.9 14.8 20.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 70,745 34,290 36,460 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 15,285 7,805 7,485 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 5,645 2,870 2,775 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 52,220 25,185 27,030 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 3,240 1,295 1,945 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.9 7.9 7.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.6 9.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 9.2 9.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 908,340 440,730 467,605 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 905,700 439,525 466,180 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 905,020 439,215 465,805 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 95,740 42,150 53,585 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 64,100 31,380 32,725 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,685 2,960 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 5,575 2,635 2,935 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 5,550 2,625 2,920 30 20 10
Malecite 10 0 10 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 5,540 2,625 2,920 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 15 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 10 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 10 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 10 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 10 10 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 35 25 15 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 30 15 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 10 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,490 28,715 29,770 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,730 5,745 4,985 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 25 15 15 145 95 45
Kabyle 25 15 15 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 155 65 95 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 20 15 10 20 10 15
Oromo 40 15 20 245 140 110
Somali 75 25 55 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 10,635 5,715 4,925 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 260 135 120 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 9,685 5,185 4,500 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 630 370 260 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 25 0 25 315 155 155
Tigrigna 140 65 70 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 575 260 310 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 555 255 300 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 3,035 1,275 1,760 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 185 80 100 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 45 20 30 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 70 20 55 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 80 25 60 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,835 1,195 1,635 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 360 185 175 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 120 60 65 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 115 100 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 1,365 785 580 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 75 45 35 510 250 265
Malayalam 560 310 250 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 450 260 190 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 350 215 135 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 30,820 15,070 15,755 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 405 185 215 1,640 840 795
Armenian 80 45 30 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 4,095 1,935 2,160 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 110 35 80 1,030 515 520
Latvian 50 15 35 555 290 265
Lithuanian 55 15 40 475 220 250
Slavic languages 4,010 1,910 2,105 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 0 10 245 115 125
Bosnian 145 60 80 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 75 35 35 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 275 105 165 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 210 95 110 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 90 55 30 400 220 185
Polish 900 410 490 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,945 970 970 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 180 85 95 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 115 70 50 1,525 770 750
Slovak 145 70 75 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 425 180 245 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 1,070 495 580 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 910 400 505 660 395 265
Welsh 35 25 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75 860 450 410
Germanic languages 9,225 4,490 4,740 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 320 140 175 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 235 125 110 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,105 935 1,165 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 60 30 30 465 230 240
German 6,335 3,180 3,155 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 100 40 60 405 210 195
Norwegian 150 105 40 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 245 115 130 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 545 270 275
Yiddish 30 15 15 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 85 155 95 60
Greek 1,315 670 645 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 6,535 3,635 2,900 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 4,935 2,790 2,140 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 625 350 275 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 240 150 90 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,270 1,300 975 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 15 0 10 60 30 25
Konkani 15 15 0 415 215 200
Marathi 135 85 45 1,475 780 695
Nepali 620 315 305 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,010 570 445 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245 125 120 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 1,090 660 425 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,625 865 755 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 185 110 75 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 85 55 30 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,385 725 660 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 9,365 4,270 5,100 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 15 10 10 395 210 180
Italian 1,665 845 820 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 910 480 430 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 240 140 105 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 6,990 3,020 3,970 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 55 20 380 245 140
Japanese 865 335 530 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 10 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,530 685 850 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,340 715 620 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 65 40 30 630 350 280
Bamanankan 10 10 10 30 20 15
Edo 10 10 0 145 80 60
Ewe 80 50 30 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 105 30 70
Ga 30 15 20 150 95 50
Ganda 60 15 40 165 80 85
Igbo 70 45 30 425 240 185
Lingala 30 15 15 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 130 65 65 290 125 165
Shona 65 40 35 415 220 195
Swahili 370 200 175 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 35 15 20 50 25 30
Yoruba 250 125 125 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 300 175 130 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 50 30 20 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,605 555 1,045 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 795 235 555 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 815 325 495 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,135 3,615 3,515 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 7,115 3,610 3,500 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,555 730 820 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 45 25 25 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 5,435 2,720 2,710 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 75 120 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 30 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 340 245 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 20 10 15 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 240 110 130 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 20 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 220 100 120 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 620 320 300 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 945 510 435
Turkish 480 225 255 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 15 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 105 60 40 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 430 200 230 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 50 25 20 780 350 425
Finnish 120 55 70 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 255 115 140 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 908,340 440,735 467,605 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 878,415 425,340 453,070 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 159,440 81,575 77,870 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 718,970 343,770 375,200 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 29,930 15,395 14,535 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 908,340 440,730 467,605 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 842,760 407,740 435,015 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 55,675 27,270 28,405 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 19,200 9,335 9,865 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 4,800 2,330 2,470 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 6,705 3,140 3,560 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 13,185 6,540 6,645 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 5,105 2,500 2,600 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 8,080 4,035 4,045 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,790 5,925 5,865 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,900 5,720 4,185 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 55,675 27,270 28,410 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 7,280 3,495 3,785 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 10,445 5,240 5,205 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 10,170 4,670 5,500 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 22,980 11,315 11,660 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 4,800 2,550 2,250 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 55,680 27,270 28,410 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 10,610 4,830 5,780 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 175 75 100 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 175 90 85 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 95 50 45 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 170 85 90 1,305 600 710
Haiti 55 30 30 570 250 315
Jamaica 480 210 275 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 325 155 175 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 105 35 75 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 220 120 100 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,375 3,320 4,055 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,430 675 750 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 22,110 11,195 10,920 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 210 115 100 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 180 75 105 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 610 330 280 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,600 1,270 1,330 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 505 270 235 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 110 40 65 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 475 225 255 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 525 310 215 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,645 790 855 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 630 265 365 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 220 140 80 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 180 100 80 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 585 270 315 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 90 45 45 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 335 145 195 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,275 5,815 5,460 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,930 985 945 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 3,525 1,855 1,675 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 25 15 15 485 310 175
Egypt 770 395 370 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 185 105 85 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 125 75 50 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 80 50 30 985 535 455
Nigeria 350 185 165 1,740 925 815
Somalia 65 30 35 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 460 205 250 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,465 790 675 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 18,955 9,100 9,855 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 100 40 60 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 315 180 135 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,830 1,140 1,685 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 280 130 155 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 2,225 1,190 1,040 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 970 525 440 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 525 250 285 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 225 60 170 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 870 340 530 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,370 755 610 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 615 315 295 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,570 1,035 1,540 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 310 140 175 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,150 565 580 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 225 100 120 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 450 205 245 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 3,930 2,130 1,795 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 480 295 180 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,785 5,920 5,870 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,390 675 715 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 95 40 55 1,145 525 615
Colombia 15 0 15 580 250 325
Cuba 70 40 30 140 60 80
Haiti 20 15 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 195 100 95 625 355 265
Mexico 105 55 45 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 615 310 305 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 275 115 165 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 2,210 1,165 1,045 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 110 55 55 970 510 460
Germany 215 110 100 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 50 25 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 15 245 120 125
Romania 40 25 15 690 310 380
Russian Federation