Census Profile, 2016 Census
New Brunswick [Province] and Nova Scotia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic New Brunswick

[Province]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , New Brunswick [Province]  Map : New Brunswick [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 736,280 360,440 375,840 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 420,820 210,555 210,260 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 63,140 29,955 33,190 705 305 400
English and French 249,950 118,705 131,245 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 2,370 1,220 1,150 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 736,280 360,440 375,845 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 498,365 244,230 254,135 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 232,450 113,500 118,945 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 3,210 1,550 1,655 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 2,255 1,150 1,100 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 234,055 114,280 119,775 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 31.8 31.7 31.9 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 736,280 360,440 375,845 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 726,990 356,005 370,990 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 703,840 344,285 359,555 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 472,725 231,595 241,135 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 231,110 112,690 118,415 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 23,150 11,715 11,435 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 2,165 1,035 1,135 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 2,130 1,020 1,110 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,115 1,010 1,105 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 280 125 155 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 1,835 885 950 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 5 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 15 5 10 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,990 10,685 10,300 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,190 1,805 1,385 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 40 25 15 10 10 0
Kabyle 20 10 5 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 30 15 20 130 65 65
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 60 30 25
Somali 25 10 15 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 3,110 1,760 1,355 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 65 35 25 115 50 65
Arabic 2,855 1,615 1,235 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 170 90 80 210 115 95
Maltese 0 0 5 15 10 5
Tigrigna 20 15 10 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 635 305 330 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 5 5 5
Vietnamese 620 305 320 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,375 510 865 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 5 0 5 5 5 5
Cebuano 105 35 65 150 60 90
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 25 10 15
Ilocano 50 15 35 55 15 40
Malagasy 15 5 10 0 5 0
Malay 45 20 30 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 15 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,120 420 700 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 10 15
Creole languages 135 70 65 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 80 30 50 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 285 155 130 1,010 595 420
Kannada 20 15 10 40 20 15
Malayalam 40 15 20 365 205 165
Tamil 105 60 50 315 185 130
Telugu 110 60 45 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 9,325 4,790 4,530 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 50 25 25 275 130 140
Armenian 30 15 10 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 1,740 865 875 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 55 30 30 100 35 60
Latvian 25 10 10 50 20 30
Lithuanian 35 15 15 45 15 30
Slavic languages 1,685 835 850 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 5 5 0 5 5 5
Bosnian 50 25 25 120 60 65
Bulgarian 20 10 10 55 25 30
Croatian 75 35 40 225 105 115
Czech 55 25 25 205 105 100
Macedonian 15 10 5 20 10 15
Polish 230 105 125 795 365 435
Russian 880 440 435 1,285 615 670
Serbian 105 55 45 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 80 40 40
Slovak 25 15 15 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 35 15 15
Ukrainian 170 85 90 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages 30 5 20 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 145 65 85
Welsh 10 0 10 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages 2,875 1,415 1,465 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 50 30 25 120 55 60
Danish 125 55 75 160 105 60
Dutch 885 470 410 1,620 815 805
Frisian 35 25 10 35 20 15
German 1,650 780 865 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 5 0 0 45 20 20
Norwegian 40 25 20 110 60 50
Swedish 50 15 35 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 25 10 10
Yiddish 10 5 5 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 15
Greek 145 100 50 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,850 1,020 835 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 1,175 655 525 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 205 120 85 475 290 185
Gujarati 75 40 30 195 125 70
Hindi 225 135 95 745 445 300
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 5 5 5
Marathi 50 20 25 70 35 35
Nepali 180 90 90 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 125 75 50 585 310 270
Sindhi 25 10 10 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 165 85 85
Urdu 240 140 100 575 330 245
Iranian languages 655 355 305 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 55 30 25 115 65 50
Pashto 25 15 10 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 580 310 270 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 2,605 1,355 1,250 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Italian 400 225 175 745 400 340
Portuguese 260 130 130 520 245 270
Romanian 485 250 240 225 110 120
Spanish 1,460 755 705 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 110 25 85 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Korean 1,550 800 750 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 5 5 5
Mongolian 5 5 5 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 700 385 315 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 40 25 25
Bamanankan 60 35 25 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ewe 5 5 0 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 30 15 5 5 0
Ga 5 5 5 10 5 5
Ganda 10 0 0 20 5 15
Igbo 30 20 10 45 20 20
Lingala 25 15 15 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 50 15 30
Shona 20 10 10 30 15 15
Swahili 135 65 70 135 65 70
Wolof 25 20 10 10 10 0
Yoruba 30 15 20 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 195 105 85 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 75 40 40
Dinka 5 0 0 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 25 25
Sign languages 145 75 70 190 90 100
American Sign Language 40 20 30 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 55 45 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,115 1,570 1,545 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 3,085 1,555 1,530 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 440 225 210 1,145 535 610
Hakka 20 10 10 20 5 15
Mandarin 2,250 1,105 1,150 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 0 5 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 45 55 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 150 85 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 30 15 20
Burmese 0 0 5 15 5 10
Karenic languages 25 15 10 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 60 15 50 155 55 100
Lao 5 0 0 10 0 5
Thai 55 10 45 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 105 60 45 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 10 10 5
Turkish 75 50 30 305 165 140
Uyghur 0 0 0 5 5 5
Uzbek 10 5 5 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 10 0
Uralic languages 250 115 135 415 180 235
Estonian 20 5 10 40 20 25
Finnish 45 15 30 95 30 60
Hungarian 185 90 95 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 25 10 15
Multiple responses 9,290 4,440 4,855 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 7,285 3,470 3,815 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 1,535 725 810 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 330 175 155 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 145 65 75 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 736,280 360,435 375,845 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 724,940 355,025 369,910 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 712,250 348,510 363,740 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 505,935 247,610 258,325 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 206,315 100,900 105,415 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 12,690 6,515 6,175 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 820 400 420 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 820 395 420 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 815 395 420 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 50 25 25 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 765 370 395 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,870 6,115 5,750 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,285 1,210 1,075 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 85 40 45
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 45 20 25
Somali 20 5 10 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Semitic languages 2,265 1,200 1,065 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 20 10 10 55 25 30
Arabic 2,110 1,125 990 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 130 60 70 125 70 55
Maltese 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 525 255 270 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 520 250 270 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 510 235 270 1,140 550 585
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 40 15 25 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ilocano 0 0 0 15 5 5
Malagasy 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malay 15 0 5 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 450 215 235 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Creole languages 65 25 35 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 0 15 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 110 60 45 425 240 185
Kannada 5 0 0 15 5 10
Malayalam 20 5 10 140 75 60
Tamil 35 20 20 140 80 60
Telugu 45 30 15 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,160 2,175 1,990 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 30 15 10 110 60 55
Armenian 20 5 10 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 975 505 470 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 35 20 15 30 10 15
Latvian 10 5 5 10 5 10
Lithuanian 25 15 10 15 5 10
Slavic languages 935 480 455 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 25 15 10 65 30 30
Bulgarian 5 5 0 25 15 10
Croatian 25 10 15 65 25 40
Czech 5 0 5 45 25 20
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 55 25 30 235 105 125
Russian 620 320 305 785 385 390
Serbian 80 45 35 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 30 15 10
Slovak 5 5 5 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 90 50 40 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 10 0 5 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 60 35 30
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 640 320 320 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 35 15 20 30 15 15
Danish 5 5 5 15 0 15
Dutch 150 80 75 135 70 70
Frisian 5 0 5 5 0 0
German 425 215 210 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 10 15
Norwegian 5 0 5 20 5 10
Swedish 5 0 5 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Greek 45 25 25 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 1,140 595 545 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 655 335 325 1,850 995 860
Bengali 130 70 60 250 135 115
Gujarati 40 15 20 100 60 35
Hindi 115 60 50 310 190 120
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 5 5 0 0 0 0
Marathi 20 10 10 30 15 15
Nepali 135 60 75 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 25 250 125 125
Sindhi 10 5 0 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 95 45 50
Urdu 140 75 70 340 175 165
Iranian languages 470 255 220 960 475 480
Kurdish 35 25 10 85 50 40
Pashto 15 5 5 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 425 225 195 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,305 705 600 1,240 595 645
Catalan 5 5 0 5 0 0
Italian 85 40 45 165 70 85
Portuguese 110 50 60 195 90 105
Romanian 290 145 140 70 35 35
Spanish 820 470 350 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 20 10 15 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 1,245 645 605 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 240 125 120 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 10 0 10
Bamanankan 20 15 5 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 5 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 5
Igbo 5 5 0 15 5 5
Lingala 10 5 5 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 10 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 15 10 10
Shona 5 0 5 0 0 0
Swahili 80 35 45 60 30 35
Wolof 5 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 5 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 35 20 20
Dinka 0 0 0 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Sign languages 200 115 85 285 145 140
American Sign Language 55 30 25 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,390 1,210 1,175 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 2,365 1,195 1,170 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 260 130 130 640 335 310
Hakka 5 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 1,855 930 920 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 40 45 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 80 55 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 5 0 5
Burmese 5 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 55 20 35
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 10 5 5 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 10 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Turkish 25 15 5 140 70 75
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Uralic languages 70 35 40 75 35 40
Estonian 5 0 0 5 5 5
Finnish 5 5 5 15 10 5
Hungarian 55 30 30 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Multiple responses 11,345 5,415 5,925 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 7,275 3,370 3,905 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 3,435 1,715 1,720 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 340 185 160 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 290 140 145 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 736,280 360,435 375,845 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 647,960 318,560 329,400 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 49,925 24,065 25,855 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 30,030 13,760 16,275 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 7,545 3,650 3,895 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 1,300 625 685 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 6,240 3,030 3,210 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 180 90 90 150 70 80
English and non-official language 300 160 145 220 105 115
French and non-official language 335 155 185 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 5 5 0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 730,710 357,855 372,850 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 728,310 356,615 371,690 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 666,315 326,905 339,415 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 310,550 147,845 162,705 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 34,880 17,355 17,525 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 3,065 1,470 1,595 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 2,990 1,455 1,540 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 20 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 10 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,965 1,435 1,530 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 720 335 385 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 2,265 1,115 1,150 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 15 0 10 0 10
Algonquin 0 10 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 10 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 10 45 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 10 40 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 0 10 0 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,865 15,915 15,955 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,355 2,385 1,980 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 80 40 35 25 15 15
Kabyle 40 20 15 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15 10 0 155 65 95
Bilen 0 0 0 20 15 10
Oromo 0 0 0 40 15 20
Somali 10 10 0 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Semitic languages 4,300 2,340 1,960 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 165 100 65 260 135 120
Arabic 3,685 2,030 1,660 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 435 205 230 630 370 260
Maltese 0 10 0 25 0 25
Tigrigna 50 25 25 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 835 430 400 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 15 0 10
Vietnamese 820 435 390 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,790 695 1,090 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cebuano 185 70 115 185 80 100
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 35 10 30 45 20 30
Ilocano 50 10 45 70 20 55
Malagasy 25 10 15 10 0 0
Malay 75 20 55 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,595 625 970 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 35 15 20
Creole languages 430 195 235 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 50 20 30 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 240 105 135 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 435 245 195 1,365 785 580
Kannada 60 30 25 75 45 35
Malayalam 55 35 25 560 310 250
Tamil 190 115 75 450 260 190
Telugu 175 90 85 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 16,505 8,155 8,350 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 80 45 35 405 185 215
Armenian 60 35 25 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 2,065 1,100 965 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 55 40 20 110 35 80
Latvian 20 10 10 50 15 35
Lithuanian 30 20 10 55 15 40
Slavic languages 2,025 1,070 955 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 10 0 0 10 0 10
Bosnian 75 40 40 145 60 80
Bulgarian 45 15 35 75 35 35
Croatian 95 45 55 275 105 165
Czech 115 65 45 210 95 110
Macedonian 35 25 10 90 55 30
Polish 320 165 160 900 410 490
Russian 1,200 630 570 1,945 970 970
Serbian 90 70 20 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 40 30 10 115 70 50
Slovak 45 15 30 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0 35 10 20
Ukrainian 310 145 165 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Celtic languages 140 40 100 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 95 20 75 910 400 505
Welsh 10 0 10 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 155 80 75
Germanic languages 4,745 2,360 2,380 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 130 70 60 320 140 175
Danish 155 60 95 235 125 110
Dutch 1,185 560 625 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 50 40 15 60 30 30
German 3,260 1,675 1,580 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 10 10 0 100 40 60
Norwegian 130 65 65 150 105 40
Swedish 110 45 60 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 20 25 20 10 15
Yiddish 20 20 0 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 45 85
Greek 220 125 95 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 2,325 1,275 1,050 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 1,570 875 695 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 225 150 80 625 350 275
Gujarati 110 45 65 240 150 90
Hindi 790 430 355 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 0 0 0 15 0 10
Konkani 0 0 0 15 15 0
Marathi 55 20 30 135 85 45
Nepali 185 90 95 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 130 75 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 20 245 125 120
Urdu 355 215 140 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 805 430 375 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 130 65 60 185 110 75
Pashto 60 45 20 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 620 330 285 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 7,600 3,540 4,055 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 15 10 0 15 10 10
Italian 825 405 420 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 450 250 200 910 480 430
Romanian 555 290 265 240 140 105
Spanish 6,065 2,775 3,290 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 70 55 20
Japanese 430 190 240 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Korean 1,695 860 835 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 10 10 10 10 0 10
Mongolian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,525 890 640 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 35 15 25 65 40 30
Bamanankan 155 70 85 10 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ewe 0 0 0 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 85 15 10 10 0
Ga 10 10 0 30 15 20
Ganda 10 10 0 60 15 40
Igbo 60 50 15 70 45 30
Lingala 125 95 35 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 90 55 35 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 40 30 130 65 65
Shona 40 15 25 65 40 35
Swahili 355 185 170 370 200 175
Wolof 70 45 25 35 15 20
Yoruba 60 45 20 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 545 315 230 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 50 30 20
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 30 10
Sign languages 1,155 450 705 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 425 150 280 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 15 10 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 745 305 435 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,585 1,885 1,700 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 3,510 1,855 1,660 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 610 285 320 1,555 730 820
Hakka 0 0 0 45 25 25
Mandarin 2,760 1,455 1,310 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 65 75 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 195 115 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 30 40 20 10 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 65 25 45 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 85 20 65 240 110 130
Lao 10 0 10 20 0 10
Thai 80 20 60 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 175 105 75 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 20 20 0
Turkish 165 105 60 480 225 255
Uyghur 0 0 0 15 0 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Uralic languages 270 130 140 430 200 230
Estonian 20 15 0 50 25 20
Finnish 35 15 20 120 55 70
Hungarian 220 105 115 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 70 30 75 40 35

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. New Brunswick [Province] and Nova Scotia [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 21, 2021).

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: