Census Profile, 2016 Census
New Brunswick [Province] and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic New Brunswick

[Province]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , New Brunswick [Province]  Map : New Brunswick [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 747,101 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 751,171 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 359,721 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 319,773 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 10.5 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 71,388.81 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 747,105 365,355 381,745 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 110,495 56,320 54,180 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 34,365 17,505 16,860 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 38,250 19,515 18,735 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 37,880 19,295 18,585 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 487,820 240,535 247,285 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 40,605 20,905 19,705 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 41,445 21,280 20,165 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 39,245 19,745 19,505 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 41,510 20,140 21,365 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 44,435 21,585 22,850 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 48,430 23,520 24,910 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 51,300 25,195 26,105 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 61,055 29,795 31,265 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 61,740 30,210 31,530 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 58,060 28,170 29,895 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 148,785 68,500 80,280 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 52,160 25,595 26,570 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 36,050 17,695 18,360 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 25,300 11,835 13,465 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 17,650 7,515 10,135 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 17,620 5,860 11,765 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 10,670 3,910 6,760 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 5,305 1,595 3,715 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,435 330 1,110 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 205 30 185 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8 15.4 14.2 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.3 65.8 64.8 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.0 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.6 42.7 44.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 45.7 44.8 46.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 319,770 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 221,515 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,945 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 80,515 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,470 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 9,015 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 13,545 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 44,260 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,230 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 13,795 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 319,775 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 89,480 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 126,820 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 49,465 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 37,625 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,385 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 730,705 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 636,605 309,040 327,570 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 379,605 189,790 189,820 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 302,020 151,100 150,925 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 77,580 38,685 38,895 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 257,000 119,250 137,745 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 158,070 85,640 72,430 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 21,290 9,530 11,760 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 35,680 15,275 20,405 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 41,965 8,805 33,160 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 222,865 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 129,065 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 47,015 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 34,860 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,920 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 222,865 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 186,680 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 147,900 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 38,780 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 36,185 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 28,650 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 7,530 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 186,675 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 105,625 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 81,060 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 37,440 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 32,380 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 11,235 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 36,185 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 23,440 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 9,570 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 3,170 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 128,775 61,010 67,770 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 319,770 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 214,235 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 102,170 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 112,070 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,280 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 101,255 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 89,480 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 11,775 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 736,280 360,440 375,840 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 420,820 210,555 210,260 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 63,140 29,955 33,190 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 249,950 118,705 131,245 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,370 1,220 1,150 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 736,280 360,440 375,845 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 498,365 244,230 254,135 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 232,450 113,500 118,945 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 3,210 1,550 1,655 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,255 1,150 1,100 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 234,055 114,280 119,775 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 31.8 31.7 31.9 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 736,280 360,440 375,845 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 726,990 356,005 370,990 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 703,840 344,285 359,555 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 472,725 231,595 241,135 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 231,110 112,690 118,415 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 23,150 11,715 11,435 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 2,165 1,035 1,135 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 2,130 1,020 1,110 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,115 1,010 1,105 90 40 50
Malecite 280 125 155 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 1,835 885 950 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 5 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 20 5 15 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 15 5 10 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,990 10,685 10,300 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,190 1,805 1,385 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 40 25 15 725 405 320
Kabyle 20 10 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 30 15 20 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 25 10 15 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 3,110 1,760 1,355 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 65 35 25 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 2,855 1,615 1,235 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 170 90 80 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 0 0 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 20 15 10 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 635 305 330 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 620 305 320 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,375 510 865 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 105 35 65 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 50 15 35 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 15 5 10 100 45 55
Malay 45 20 30 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,120 420 700 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 135 70 65 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 80 30 50 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 285 155 130 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 20 15 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 40 15 20 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 105 60 50 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 110 60 45 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 9,325 4,790 4,530 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 50 25 25 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 30 15 10 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 1,740 865 875 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 55 30 30 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 25 10 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 35 15 15 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 1,685 835 850 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 5 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 50 25 25 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 20 10 10 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 75 35 40 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 55 25 25 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 15 10 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 230 105 125 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 880 440 435 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 105 55 45 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 25 15 15 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 170 85 90 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 30 5 20 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 450 210 240
Welsh 10 0 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 2,875 1,415 1,465 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 50 30 25 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 125 55 75 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 885 470 410 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 35 25 10 1,240 630 620
German 1,650 780 865 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 40 25 20 940 405 540
Swedish 50 15 35 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 145 100 50 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,850 1,020 835 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,175 655 525 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 205 120 85 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 75 40 30 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 225 135 95 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 10 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 50 20 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 180 90 90 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 125 75 50 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 25 10 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 240 140 100 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 655 355 305 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 55 30 25 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 25 15 10 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 580 310 270 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 2,605 1,355 1,250 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 400 225 175 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 260 130 130 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 485 250 240 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,460 755 705 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 110 25 85 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,550 800 750 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 700 385 315 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 60 35 25 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 30 15 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 10 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 30 20 10 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 25 15 15 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 20 10 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 135 65 70 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 25 20 10 290 145 150
Yoruba 30 15 20 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 195 105 85 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 145 75 70 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 40 20 30 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 55 45 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,115 1,570 1,545 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 3,085 1,555 1,530 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 440 225 210 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 20 10 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,250 1,105 1,150 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 45 55 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 150 85 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 25 15 10 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 60 15 50 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 5 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 55 10 45 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 105 60 45 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 75 50 30 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 250 115 135 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 20 5 10 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 45 15 30 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 185 90 95 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 9,290 4,440 4,855 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 7,285 3,470 3,815 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,535 725 810 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 330 175 155 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 145 65 75 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 736,280 360,435 375,845 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 724,940 355,025 369,910 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 712,250 348,510 363,740 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 505,935 247,610 258,325 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 206,315 100,900 105,415 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 12,690 6,515 6,175 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 820 400 420 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 820 395 420 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 815 395 420 5 5 5
Malecite 50 25 25 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 765 370 395 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,870 6,115 5,750 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,285 1,210 1,075 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 20 5 10 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 2,265 1,200 1,065 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 20 10 10 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 2,110 1,125 990 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 130 60 70 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 525 255 270 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 520 250 270 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 510 235 270 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 40 15 25 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 5 35 15 20
Malay 15 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 450 215 235 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 65 25 35 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 20 0 15 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 110 60 45 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 20 5 10 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 35 20 20 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 45 30 15 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 4,160 2,175 1,990 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 30 15 10 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 20 5 10 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 975 505 470 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 35 20 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 25 15 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 935 480 455 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 25 15 10 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 5 5 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 25 10 15 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 5 0 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 55 25 30 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 620 320 305 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 80 45 35 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 5 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 90 50 40 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 640 320 320 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 35 15 20 755 365 390
Danish 5 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 150 80 75 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 5 90 45 45
German 425 215 210 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 45 25 25 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,140 595 545 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 655 335 325 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 130 70 60 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 40 15 20 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 115 60 50 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 0 540 260 280
Marathi 20 10 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 135 60 75 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 25 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 5 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 140 75 70 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 470 255 220 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 35 25 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 15 5 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 425 225 195 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,305 705 600 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 5 0 135 60 75
Italian 85 40 45 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 110 50 60 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 290 145 140 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 820 470 350 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 20 10 15 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 1,245 645 605 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 240 125 120 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 20 15 5 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 5 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 5 0 540 265 275
Lingala 10 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 10 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 80 35 45 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 5 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 200 115 85 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 55 30 25 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,390 1,210 1,175 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 2,365 1,195 1,170 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 260 130 130 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,855 930 920 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 40 45 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 80 55 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 20 10 10 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 10 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 30 15 10 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 25 15 5 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 70 35 40 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 55 30 30 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 11,345 5,415 5,925 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 7,275 3,370 3,905 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 3,435 1,715 1,720 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 340 185 160 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 290 140 145 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 736,280 360,435 375,845 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 647,960 318,560 329,400 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 49,925 24,065 25,855 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 30,030 13,760 16,275 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 7,545 3,650 3,895 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 1,300 625 685 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 6,240 3,030 3,210 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 180 90 90 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 300 160 145 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 335 155 185 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 620,390 301,645 318,745 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,705 289,220 305,485 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,961 37,516 25,796 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,920 289,245 305,680 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,107 33,169 23,945 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 516,780 259,945 256,835 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,444 34,830 23,278 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 439,645 193,975 245,675 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,164 9,210 7,321 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 423,915 219,135 204,780 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,124 34,784 24,769 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 620,395 301,650 318,745 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 594,650 289,140 305,510 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,141 46,154 32,504 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 594,870 289,165 305,700 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,022 38,151 28,171 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 516,685 259,855 256,830 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,432 44,240 30,543 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 440,195 194,240 245,955 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,938 9,519 8,480 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 423,915 218,800 205,110 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,611 43,456 31,376 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 620,390 301,645 318,745 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 197,290 104,215 93,075 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,349 52,010 41,058 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 54,011 60,796 46,415 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.2 86.2 79.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.5 71.3 64.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.8 13.8 21.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 620,390 301,650 318,745 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 25,680 12,430 13,260 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 594,710 289,220 305,490 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 80,700 32,655 48,050 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 109,015 40,415 68,600 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 99,025 40,480 58,540 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 83,770 41,360 42,405 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 65,795 35,080 30,715 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 44,810 26,560 18,250 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 32,185 20,270 11,920 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 24,565 14,130 10,430 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 17,095 9,915 7,180 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 10,240 6,980 3,260 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 27,515 21,380 6,135 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 19,765 15,195 4,570 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 7,750 6,185 1,565 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 620,390 301,645 318,750 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 25,470 12,405 13,070 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 594,920 289,240 305,680 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 83,590 33,140 50,455 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 115,730 43,245 72,485 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 118,940 51,335 67,610 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 98,230 50,770 47,460 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 67,470 38,665 28,810 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 42,775 26,495 16,280 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 28,790 16,435 12,355 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 14,945 10,205 4,740 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 24,450 18,955 5,500 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 8,385 6,340 2,040 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 5,060 3,970 1,090 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 11,005 8,640 2,365 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 620,390 301,645 318,745 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 196,475 82,515 113,965 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 423,910 219,140 204,775 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 68.3 72.6 64.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 54,590 26,540 28,045 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 36,840 15,720 21,120 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 65,895 29,920 35,975 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 59,240 25,955 33,280 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 50,190 24,930 25,260 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 42,140 22,160 19,980 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 29,910 18,180 11,730 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 23,390 14,620 8,770 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 19,515 10,565 8,950 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 42,210 30,540 11,665 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 13,190 7,840 5,345 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 8,105 5,685 2,420 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 20,915 17,015 3,895 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 319,770 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,347 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,553 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 89,480 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,747 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,387 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 230,290 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,207 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,063 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 319,775 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,786 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,431 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 89,455 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,505 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,242 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 230,320 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,878 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,156 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 319,775 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,940 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,800 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,835 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,765 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,400 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,335 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,830 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,875 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,365 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,845 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 27,735 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,205 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,750 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,415 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,030 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 74,655 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,535 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,605 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,050 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,460 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 319,770 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,090 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,880 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,980 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,630 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,705 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,580 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,540 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,550 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,165 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,920 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,930 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,175 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,970 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,330 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,105 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 48,225 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,135 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,980 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,110 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 221,680 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,353 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,100 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 99,865 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,988 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,801 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 82,260 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,315 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,717 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 33,580 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,992 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,671 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 221,740 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,048 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,197 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 99,840 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,085 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,576 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 82,415 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,901 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,699 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 33,455 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,119 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,687 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 114,825 54,970 59,850 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,250 30,122 25,182 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,167 27,154 23,916 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 114,375 54,300 60,075 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,738 37,330 32,395 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,845 31,431 28,411 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 730,710 357,860 372,850 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 428,180 204,170 224,005 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 80,120 37,430 42,695 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 94,165 42,190 51,980 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 87,075 41,905 45,170 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 85,610 42,275 43,335 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 81,200 40,375 40,825 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 302,530 153,685 148,845 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 77,345 38,915 38,425 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 73,185 37,190 36,005 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 65,090 32,815 32,275 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 52,050 26,635 25,410 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 34,860 18,130 16,730 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 722,550 353,870 368,680 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 131,930 67,285 64,645 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 40,900 20,805 20,100 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 452,805 221,675 231,130 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 137,820 64,915 72,905 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 123,820 55,990 67,825 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 29,250 14,930 14,320 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 10,285 5,260 5,030 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 66,745 29,975 36,770 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 27,830 11,090 16,745 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.1 15.8 18.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 25.1 25.3 25.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 13.5 15.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 20.2 17.1 23.0 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 49,830 24,165 25,660 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 11,520 5,890 5,630 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 4,200 2,145 2,055 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 35,680 17,255 18,425 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,630 1,025 1,605 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.8 7.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.7 8.8 8.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.3 10.3 10.2 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.8 8.0 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.2 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 730,710 357,855 372,850 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 728,310 356,615 371,690 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 666,315 326,905 339,415 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 310,550 147,845 162,705 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 34,880 17,355 17,525 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 3,065 1,470 1,595 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 2,990 1,455 1,540 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,965 1,435 1,530 180 95 85
Malecite 720 335 385 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 2,265 1,115 1,150 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 15 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 10 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 10 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 10 45 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 45 10 40 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 10 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,865 15,915 15,955 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,355 2,385 1,980 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 80 40 35 925 505 415
Kabyle 40 20 15 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 15 10 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 10 10 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 4,300 2,340 1,960 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 165 100 65 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 3,685 2,030 1,660 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 435 205 230 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 0 10 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 50 25 25 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 835 430 400 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 820 435 390 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,790 695 1,090 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 185 70 115 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 35 10 30 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 50 10 45 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 25 10 15 215 115 100
Malay 75 20 55 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,595 625 970 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 430 195 235 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 50 20 30 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 240 105 135 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 435 245 195 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 60 30 25 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 55 35 25 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 190 115 75 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 175 90 85 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 16,505 8,155 8,350 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 80 45 35 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 60 35 25 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 2,065 1,100 965 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 55 40 20 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 10 10 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 30 20 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 2,025 1,070 955 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 75 40 40 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 45 15 35 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 95 45 55 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 115 65 45 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 35 25 10 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 320 165 160 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,200 630 570 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 90 70 20 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 40 30 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 45 15 30 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 310 145 165 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 140 40 100 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 95 20 75 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 4,745 2,360 2,380 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 130 70 60 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 155 60 95 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,185 560 625 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 50 40 15 1,655 820 835
German 3,260 1,675 1,580 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 130 65 65 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 110 45 60 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 20 25 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 20 20 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 220 125 95 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 2,325 1,275 1,050 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 1,570 875 695 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 225 150 80 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 110 45 65 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 790 430 355 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 55 20 30 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 185 90 95 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 130 75 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 20 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 355 215 140 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 805 430 375 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 130 65 60 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 60 45 20 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 620 330 285 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 7,600 3,540 4,055 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 825 405 420 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 450 250 200 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 555 290 265 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 6,065 2,775 3,290 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 430 190 240 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,695 860 835 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 10 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 15 10 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,525 890 640 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 35 15 25 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 155 70 85 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 85 15 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 60 50 15 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 125 95 35 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 90 55 35 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 40 30 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 40 15 25 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 355 185 170 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 70 45 25 730 355 375
Yoruba 60 45 20 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 545 315 230 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,155 450 705 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 425 150 280 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 15 10 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 745 305 435 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,585 1,885 1,700 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 3,510 1,855 1,660 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 610 285 320 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,760 1,455 1,310 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 65 75 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 195 115 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 30 40 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 65 25 45 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 85 20 65 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 10 0 10 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 80 20 60 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 175 105 75 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 165 105 60 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 270 130 140 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 20 15 0 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 35 15 20 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 220 105 115 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 70 30 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 730,710 357,855 372,855 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 710,775 347,905 362,875 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 130,785 66,795 63,990 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 579,995 281,110 298,880 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,925 9,950 9,980 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 730,710 357,855 372,850 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 692,535 339,090 353,445 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 33,810 16,175 17,640 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 11,545 5,265 6,275 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 2,735 1,340 1,390 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 2,975 1,490 1,490 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 7,235 3,530 3,710 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 2,435 1,110 1,330 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 4,800 2,415 2,385 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,330 4,560 4,770 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,360 2,590 1,770 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 33,815 16,175 17,635 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 5,135 2,350 2,790 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 7,290 3,585 3,705 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 5,790 2,525 3,265 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 12,640 6,100 6,535 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,955 1,615 1,340 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 33,815 16,175 17,635 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 9,420 4,205 5,210 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 55 20 30 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 215 85 130 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 115 85 30 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 80 40 45 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 170 70 100 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 120 85 40 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 160 50 110 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 60 35 25 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 115 70 40 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,620 3,315 4,305 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 715 355 360 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 10,985 5,335 5,650 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 55 50 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 60 35 25 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 760 425 340 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,615 740 880 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 95 60 40 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 100 35 65 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 160 75 85 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 210 125 85 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 975 505 465 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 195 90 100 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 130 85 45 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 485 245 240 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 245 115 135 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 25 10 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 250 120 130 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,600 2,160 2,445 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 970 455 515 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,565 1,420 1,140 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 165 90 75 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 120 75 45 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 120 65 60 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 60 30 30 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 200 120 75 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 115 65 50 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 15 10 10 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 165 85 80 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,615 885 725 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 10,625 5,105 5,520 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 20 10 0 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 100 55 50 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,210 1,040 1,175 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 120 60 55 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 820 435 380 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 490 260 230 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 70 25 45 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 90 15 75 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,495 775 720 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 390 225 165 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 225 130 95 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,340 475 870 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 40 15 30 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,225 605 620 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 80 25 55 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 720 355 365 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 1,195 600 595 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 220 110 110 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,325 4,555 4,775 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 900 430 475 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 20 10 10 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 40 20 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 10 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 45 15 30 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 40 25 10 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 25 10 20 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 585 285 300 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 20 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 110 45 70 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,405 695 710 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 300 165 130 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 85 45 45 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 15 15 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 20 880 400 480
Romania 245 130 120 2,425 995 1,430
Russian Federation