Census Profile, 2016 Census
New Brunswick [Province] and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic New Brunswick

[Province]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , New Brunswick [Province]  Map : New Brunswick [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 747,101 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 751,171 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.5 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 359,721 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 319,773 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 10.5 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 71,388.81 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 747,105 365,355 381,745 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 110,495 56,320 54,180 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 34,365 17,505 16,860 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 38,250 19,515 18,735 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 37,880 19,295 18,585 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 487,820 240,535 247,285 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 40,605 20,905 19,705 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 41,445 21,280 20,165 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 39,245 19,745 19,505 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 41,510 20,140 21,365 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 44,435 21,585 22,850 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 48,430 23,520 24,910 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 51,300 25,195 26,105 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 61,055 29,795 31,265 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 61,740 30,210 31,530 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 58,060 28,170 29,895 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 148,785 68,500 80,280 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 52,160 25,595 26,570 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 36,050 17,695 18,360 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 25,300 11,835 13,465 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 17,650 7,515 10,135 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 17,620 5,860 11,765 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 10,670 3,910 6,760 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 5,305 1,595 3,715 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 1,435 330 1,110 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 205 30 185 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8 15.4 14.2 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 65.3 65.8 64.8 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.0 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 43.6 42.7 44.5 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 45.7 44.8 46.6 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 319,770 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 221,515 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,945 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 80,515 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,470 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 9,015 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 13,545 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 44,260 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,230 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 13,795 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 319,775 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 89,480 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 126,820 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 49,465 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 37,625 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,385 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 730,705 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 636,605 309,040 327,570 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 379,605 189,790 189,820 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 302,020 151,100 150,925 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 77,580 38,685 38,895 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 257,000 119,250 137,745 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 158,070 85,640 72,430 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 21,290 9,530 11,760 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 35,680 15,275 20,405 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 41,965 8,805 33,160 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 222,865 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 129,065 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 47,015 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 34,860 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,920 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 222,865 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 186,680 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 147,900 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 38,780 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 36,185 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 28,650 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 7,530 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 186,675 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 105,625 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 81,060 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 37,440 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 32,380 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 11,235 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 36,185 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 23,440 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 9,570 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 3,170 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 128,775 61,010 67,770 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 319,770 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 214,235 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 102,170 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 112,070 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,280 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 101,255 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 89,480 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 11,775 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 736,280 360,440 375,840 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 420,820 210,555 210,260 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 63,140 29,955 33,190 1,485 680 800
English and French 249,950 118,705 131,245 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 2,370 1,220 1,150 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 736,280 360,440 375,845 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 498,365 244,230 254,135 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 232,450 113,500 118,945 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 3,210 1,550 1,655 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 2,255 1,150 1,100 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 234,055 114,280 119,775 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 31.8 31.7 31.9 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 736,280 360,440 375,845 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 726,990 356,005 370,990 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 703,840 344,285 359,555 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 472,725 231,595 241,135 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 231,110 112,690 118,415 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 23,150 11,715 11,435 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 2,165 1,035 1,135 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 2,130 1,020 1,110 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,115 1,010 1,105 10 5 5
Malecite 280 125 155 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 1,835 885 950 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 5 15 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,990 10,685 10,300 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,190 1,805 1,385 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 40 25 15 40 25 15
Kabyle 20 10 5 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 30 15 20 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 5 5 5 345 175 170
Somali 25 10 15 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 3,110 1,760 1,355 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 65 35 25 1,770 885 885
Arabic 2,855 1,615 1,235 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 170 90 80 545 320 225
Maltese 0 0 5 40 20 25
Tigrigna 20 15 10 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 635 305 330 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 280 135 145
Vietnamese 620 305 320 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,375 510 865 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 5 0 5 175 80 95
Cebuano 105 35 65 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 390 170 220
Ilocano 50 15 35 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 15 5 10 0 0 5
Malay 45 20 30 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 655 315 340
Pangasinan 0 0 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,120 420 700 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 150 70 85
Creole languages 135 70 65 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 80 30 50 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 285 155 130 1,565 825 735
Kannada 20 15 10 95 50 40
Malayalam 40 15 20 790 410 380
Tamil 105 60 50 480 255 230
Telugu 110 60 45 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 9,325 4,790 4,530 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 50 25 25 350 170 180
Armenian 30 15 10 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 1,740 865 875 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 55 30 30 165 65 95
Latvian 25 10 10 80 35 45
Lithuanian 35 15 15 85 35 45
Slavic languages 1,685 835 850 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 5 5 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 50 25 25 575 285 290
Bulgarian 20 10 10 140 70 65
Croatian 75 35 40 1,030 505 530
Czech 55 25 25 615 310 310
Macedonian 15 10 5 145 70 75
Polish 230 105 125 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 880 440 435 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 105 55 45 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 240 110 130
Slovak 25 15 15 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 270 130 140
Ukrainian 170 85 90 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Celtic languages 30 5 20 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 50 25 20
Welsh 10 0 10 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 2,875 1,415 1,465 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 50 30 25 420 220 205
Danish 125 55 75 280 145 135
Dutch 885 470 410 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 35 25 10 55 30 25
German 1,650 780 865 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 5 0 0 475 210 260
Norwegian 40 25 20 115 45 65
Swedish 50 15 35 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 310 125 180
Yiddish 10 5 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 145 100 50 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 1,850 1,020 835 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,175 655 525 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 205 120 85 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 75 40 30 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 225 135 95 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 35 20 15
Marathi 50 20 25 135 80 50
Nepali 180 90 90 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 125 75 50 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 25 10 10 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 670 345 320
Urdu 240 140 100 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 655 355 305 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 55 30 25 415 210 200
Pashto 25 15 10 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 580 310 270 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 2,605 1,355 1,250 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 5 5 0 0 0 5
Italian 400 225 175 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 260 130 130 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 485 250 240 645 310 335
Spanish 1,460 755 705 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Japanese 110 25 85 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 1,550 800 750 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 5 5 5 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 700 385 315 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 150 90 65
Bamanankan 60 35 25 75 25 45
Edo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Ewe 5 5 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 30 15 65 35 30
Ga 5 5 5 15 10 5
Ganda 10 0 0 50 20 30
Igbo 30 20 10 280 155 130
Lingala 25 15 15 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 250 125 120
Shona 20 10 10 110 50 60
Swahili 135 65 70 870 420 455
Wolof 25 20 10 75 50 25
Yoruba 30 15 20 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 195 105 85 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 395 215 180
Dinka 5 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 125 100
Sign languages 145 75 70 440 230 210
American Sign Language 40 20 30 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 55 45 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,115 1,570 1,545 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 3,085 1,555 1,530 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 440 225 210 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 20 10 10 55 30 25
Mandarin 2,250 1,105 1,150 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 5 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 45 55 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 150 85 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 575 295 285
Burmese 0 0 5 85 50 30
Karenic languages 25 15 10 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 60 15 50 1,120 525 595
Lao 5 0 0 875 445 430
Thai 55 10 45 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 105 60 45 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 30 20 15
Turkish 75 50 30 210 120 95
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 5 10
Uzbek 10 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 25 20
Uralic languages 250 115 135 1,440 655 790
Estonian 20 5 10 30 10 15
Finnish 45 15 30 225 85 135
Hungarian 185 90 95 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 155 85 70
Multiple responses 9,290 4,440 4,855 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 7,285 3,470 3,815 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 1,535 725 810 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 330 175 155 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 145 65 75 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 736,280 360,435 375,845 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 724,940 355,025 369,910 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 712,250 348,510 363,740 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 505,935 247,610 258,325 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 206,315 100,900 105,415 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 12,690 6,515 6,175 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 820 400 420 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 820 395 420 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 815 395 420 0 0 0
Malecite 50 25 25 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 765 370 395 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,870 6,115 5,750 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,285 1,210 1,075 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 0 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 20 5 10 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 2,265 1,200 1,065 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 20 10 10 1,045 520 525
Arabic 2,110 1,125 990 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 130 60 70 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 5 0 5 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 525 255 270 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 520 250 270 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 510 235 270 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 40 15 25 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 125 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 390 190 200
Malagasy 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malay 15 0 5 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 450 215 235 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 30 15 15
Creole languages 65 25 35 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 0 15 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 110 60 45 800 400 400
Kannada 5 0 0 45 25 25
Malayalam 20 5 10 405 195 205
Tamil 35 20 20 240 120 120
Telugu 45 30 15 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,160 2,175 1,990 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 30 15 10 155 80 75
Armenian 20 5 10 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 975 505 470 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 35 20 15 25 10 15
Latvian 10 5 5 15 5 5
Lithuanian 25 15 10 10 5 5
Slavic languages 935 480 455 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 25 15 10 285 145 140
Bulgarian 5 5 0 65 30 30
Croatian 25 10 15 320 145 180
Czech 5 0 5 115 55 60
Macedonian 0 0 0 85 35 45
Polish 55 25 30 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 620 320 305 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 80 45 35 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 90 40 50
Slovak 5 5 5 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 55 20 30
Ukrainian 90 50 40 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 0 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 640 320 320 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 35 15 20 200 100 100
Danish 5 5 5 10 5 5
Dutch 150 80 75 270 135 130
Frisian 5 0 5 10 5 5
German 425 215 210 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 5 0 5 10 5 5
Swedish 5 0 5 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 45 25 25 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 1,140 595 545 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 655 335 325 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 130 70 60 690 390 305
Gujarati 40 15 20 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 115 60 50 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0 10 5 5
Marathi 20 10 10 40 25 20
Nepali 135 60 75 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 25 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 10 5 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 360 190 170
Urdu 140 75 70 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 470 255 220 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 35 25 10 275 135 140
Pashto 15 5 5 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 425 225 195 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 1,305 705 600 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 5 5 0 0 0 0
Italian 85 40 45 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 110 50 60 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 290 145 140 235 110 125
Spanish 820 470 350 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 20 10 15 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 1,245 645 605 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 240 125 120 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 45 30 20
Bamanankan 20 15 5 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 5 35 15 15
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0 75 40 35
Lingala 10 5 5 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 10 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 55 50
Shona 5 0 5 10 5 10
Swahili 80 35 45 500 240 265
Wolof 5 5 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 5 5 5 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 200 115 85 560 310 255
American Sign Language 55 30 25 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,390 1,210 1,175 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 2,365 1,195 1,170 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 260 130 130 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 5 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 1,855 930 920 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 40 45 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 80 55 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 465 235 225
Burmese 5 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 20 10 10 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 535 250 280
Lao 0 0 0 430 210 220
Thai 10 5 5 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 10 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 25 15 5 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 70 35 40 305 140 165
Estonian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 5 35 15 15
Hungarian 55 30 30 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 11,345 5,415 5,925 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 7,275 3,370 3,905 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 3,435 1,715 1,720 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 340 185 160 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 290 140 145 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 736,280 360,435 375,845 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 647,960 318,560 329,400 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 49,925 24,065 25,855 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 30,030 13,760 16,275 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 7,545 3,650 3,895 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 1,300 625 685 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 6,240 3,030 3,210 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 180 90 90 305 150 150
English and non-official language 300 160 145 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 335 155 185 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 620,390 301,645 318,745 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,705 289,220 305,485 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,961 37,516 25,796 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,920 289,245 305,680 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,107 33,169 23,945 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 516,780 259,945 256,835 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,444 34,830 23,278 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 439,645 193,975 245,675 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,164 9,210 7,321 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 423,915 219,135 204,780 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,124 34,784 24,769 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 620,395 301,650 318,745 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 594,650 289,140 305,510 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,141 46,154 32,504 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 594,870 289,165 305,700 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,022 38,151 28,171 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 516,685 259,855 256,830 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,432 44,240 30,543 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 440,195 194,240 245,955 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,938 9,519 8,480 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 423,915 218,800 205,110 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,611 43,456 31,376 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 620,390 301,645 318,745 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 197,290 104,215 93,075 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,349 52,010 41,058 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 54,011 60,796 46,415 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.2 86.2 79.0 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.5 71.3 64.7 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.8 13.8 21.0 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 620,390 301,650 318,745 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 25,680 12,430 13,260 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 594,710 289,220 305,490 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 80,700 32,655 48,050 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 109,015 40,415 68,600 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 99,025 40,480 58,540 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 83,770 41,360 42,405 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 65,795 35,080 30,715 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 44,810 26,560 18,250 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 32,185 20,270 11,920 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 24,565 14,130 10,430 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 17,095 9,915 7,180 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 10,240 6,980 3,260 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 27,515 21,380 6,135 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 19,765 15,195 4,570 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 7,750 6,185 1,565 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 620,390 301,645 318,750 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 25,470 12,405 13,070 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 594,920 289,240 305,680 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 83,590 33,140 50,455 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 115,730 43,245 72,485 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 118,940 51,335 67,610 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 98,230 50,770 47,460 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 67,470 38,665 28,810 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 42,775 26,495 16,280 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 28,790 16,435 12,355 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 14,945 10,205 4,740 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 24,450 18,955 5,500 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 8,385 6,340 2,040 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 5,060 3,970 1,090 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 11,005 8,640 2,365 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 620,390 301,645 318,745 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 196,475 82,515 113,965 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 423,910 219,140 204,775 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 68.3 72.6 64.2 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 54,590 26,540 28,045 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 36,840 15,720 21,120 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 65,895 29,920 35,975 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 59,240 25,955 33,280 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 50,190 24,930 25,260 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 42,140 22,160 19,980 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 29,910 18,180 11,730 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 23,390 14,620 8,770 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 19,515 10,565 8,950 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 42,210 30,540 11,665 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 13,190 7,840 5,345 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 8,105 5,685 2,420 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 20,915 17,015 3,895 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 319,770 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,347 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,553 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 89,480 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,747 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,387 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 230,290 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,207 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,063 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 319,775 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,786 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,431 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 89,455 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,505 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,242 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 230,320 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,878 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,156 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 319,775 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,940 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,800 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,835 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,765 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,400 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,335 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,830 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,875 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,365 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,845 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 27,735 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,205 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,750 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,415 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,030 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 74,655 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,535 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,605 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,050 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,460 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 319,770 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,090 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,880 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,980 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,630 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,705 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,580 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,540 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,550 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,165 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,920 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,930 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,175 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,970 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,330 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,105 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 48,225 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,135 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,980 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,110 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 221,680 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,353 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,100 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 99,865 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,988 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,801 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 82,260 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,315 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,717 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 33,580 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,992 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,671 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 221,740 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,048 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,197 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 99,840 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,085 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,576 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 82,415 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,901 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,699 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 33,455 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,119 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,687 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 114,825 54,970 59,850 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,250 30,122 25,182 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,167 27,154 23,916 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 114,375 54,300 60,075 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,738 37,330 32,395 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,845 31,431 28,411 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 730,710 357,860 372,850 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 428,180 204,170 224,005 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 80,120 37,430 42,695 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 94,165 42,190 51,980 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 87,075 41,905 45,170 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 85,610 42,275 43,335 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 81,200 40,375 40,825 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 302,530 153,685 148,845 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 77,345 38,915 38,425 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 73,185 37,190 36,005 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 65,090 32,815 32,275 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 52,050 26,635 25,410 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 34,860 18,130 16,730 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 722,550 353,870 368,680 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 131,930 67,285 64,645 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 40,900 20,805 20,100 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 452,805 221,675 231,130 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 137,820 64,915 72,905 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 123,820 55,990 67,825 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 29,250 14,930 14,320 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 10,285 5,260 5,030 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 66,745 29,975 36,770 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 27,830 11,090 16,745 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.1 15.8 18.4 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 25.1 25.3 25.0 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 13.5 15.9 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 20.2 17.1 23.0 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 49,830 24,165 25,660 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 11,520 5,890 5,630 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 4,200 2,145 2,055 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 35,680 17,255 18,425 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 2,630 1,025 1,605 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.8 7.0 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.7 8.8 8.7 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 10.3 10.3 10.2 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.8 8.0 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 730,710 357,855 372,850 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 728,310 356,615 371,690 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 666,315 326,905 339,415 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 310,550 147,845 162,705 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 34,880 17,355 17,525 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 3,065 1,470 1,595 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 2,990 1,455 1,540 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,965 1,435 1,530 10 10 0
Malecite 720 335 385 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 2,265 1,115 1,150 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 15 0 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 10 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 10 10 0 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 10 45 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 45 10 40 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 10 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,865 15,915 15,955 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,355 2,385 1,980 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 80 40 35 85 50 40
Kabyle 40 20 15 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 15 10 0 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 0 0 0 535 275 260
Somali 10 10 0 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 4,300 2,340 1,960 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 165 100 65 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 3,685 2,030 1,660 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 435 205 230 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 0 10 0 65 30 35
Tigrigna 50 25 25 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 835 430 400 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 335 185 150
Vietnamese 820 435 390 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,790 695 1,090 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 10 0 10 225 100 125
Cebuano 185 70 115 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 35 10 30 425 180 245
Ilocano 50 10 45 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 25 10 15 0 0 0
Malay 75 20 55 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,595 625 970 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 200 80 120
Creole languages 430 195 235 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 50 20 30 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 240 105 135 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 435 245 195 1,840 945 895
Kannada 60 30 25 175 95 80
Malayalam 55 35 25 830 400 430
Tamil 190 115 75 655 330 325
Telugu 175 90 85 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 16,505 8,155 8,350 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 80 45 35 390 195 195
Armenian 60 35 25 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 2,065 1,100 965 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 55 40 20 230 90 140
Latvian 20 10 10 115 45 70
Lithuanian 30 20 10 120 50 65
Slavic languages 2,025 1,070 955 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 10 0 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 75 40 40 835 405 430
Bulgarian 45 15 35 155 95 60
Croatian 95 45 55 1,595 765 825
Czech 115 65 45 735 335 395
Macedonian 35 25 10 140 75 60
Polish 320 165 160 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 1,200 630 570 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 90 70 20 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 40 30 10 190 75 115
Slovak 45 15 30 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0 275 100 175
Ukrainian 310 145 165 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 70 35 30
Celtic languages 140 40 100 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 95 20 75 90 65 25
Welsh 10 0 10 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 45 15 25
Germanic languages 4,745 2,360 2,380 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 130 70 60 715 330 385
Danish 155 60 95 270 120 150
Dutch 1,185 560 625 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 50 40 15 90 65 30
German 3,260 1,675 1,580 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 10 10 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 130 65 65 290 115 175
Swedish 110 45 60 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 20 25 270 120 155
Yiddish 20 20 0 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 220 125 95 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 2,325 1,275 1,050 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 1,570 875 695 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 225 150 80 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 110 45 65 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 790 430 355 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 0 0 0 40 30 10
Marathi 55 20 30 275 170 105
Nepali 185 90 95 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 130 75 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 0 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 20 920 500 420
Urdu 355 215 140 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 805 430 375 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 130 65 60 600 295 305
Pashto 60 45 20 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 620 330 285 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 7,600 3,540 4,055 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 15 10 0 15 10 10
Italian 825 405 420 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 450 250 200 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 555 290 265 785 395 390
Spanish 6,065 2,775 3,290 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 45 15
Japanese 430 190 240 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 1,695 860 835 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 10 10 10 55 20 35
Mongolian 15 10 10 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,525 890 640 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 35 15 25 260 165 95
Bamanankan 155 70 85 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 85 15 50 25 25
Ga 10 10 0 30 10 15
Ganda 10 10 0 230 110 120
Igbo 60 50 15 665 345 325
Lingala 125 95 35 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 90 55 35 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 40 30 305 155 155
Shona 40 15 25 250 110 140
Swahili 355 185 170 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 70 45 25 150 85 70
Yoruba 60 45 20 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 545 315 230 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 1,155 450 705 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 425 150 280 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 15 10 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 745 305 435 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,585 1,885 1,700 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 3,510 1,855 1,660 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 610 285 320 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 0 0 0 50 30 20
Mandarin 2,760 1,455 1,310 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 65 75 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 195 115 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 30 40 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 65 25 45 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 85 20 65 1,565 730 835
Lao 10 0 10 1,120 520 600
Thai 80 20 60 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 175 105 75 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 50 25 30
Turkish 165 105 60 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 0 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 45 15 30
Uralic languages 270 130 140 1,550 730 815
Estonian 20 15 0 45 20 25
Finnish 35 15 20 265 105 160
Hungarian 220 105 115 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 70 30 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 730,710 357,855 372,855 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 710,775 347,905 362,875 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 130,785 66,795 63,990 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 579,995 281,110 298,880 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,925 9,950 9,980 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 730,710 357,855 372,850 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 692,535 339,090 353,445 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 33,810 16,175 17,640 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 11,545 5,265 6,275 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 2,735 1,340 1,390 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 2,975 1,490 1,490 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 7,235 3,530 3,710 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 2,435 1,110 1,330 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 4,800 2,415 2,385 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,330 4,560 4,770 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,360 2,590 1,770 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 33,815 16,175 17,635 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 5,135 2,350 2,790 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 7,290 3,585 3,705 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 5,790 2,525 3,265 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 12,640 6,100 6,535 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 2,955 1,615 1,340 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 33,815 16,175 17,635 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 9,420 4,205 5,210 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 55 20 30 435 170 265
Colombia 215 85 130 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 115 85 30 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 80 40 45 1,135 515 620
Haiti 170 70 100 155 75 80
Jamaica 120 85 40 1,810 835 970
Mexico 160 50 110 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 60 35 25 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 115 70 40 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,620 3,315 4,305 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 715 355 360 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 10,985 5,335 5,650 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 55 50 1,055 530 525
Croatia 60 35 25 975 445 535
France 760 425 340 795 425 365
Germany 1,615 740 880 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 95 60 40 820 445 375
Hungary 100 35 65 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 160 75 85 650 310 340
Italy 210 125 85 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 975 505 465 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 195 90 100 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 130 85 45 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 485 245 240 720 345 375
Russian Federation 245 115 135 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 25 10 355 175 175
Ukraine 250 120 130 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,600 2,160 2,445 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 970 455 515 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 2,565 1,420 1,140 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 165 90 75 115 60 55
Egypt 120 75 45 980 525 455
Ethiopia 120 65 60 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 60 30 30 935 470 465
Morocco 200 120 75 250 140 110
Nigeria 115 65 50 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 15 10 10 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 165 85 80 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 1,615 885 725 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 10,625 5,105 5,520 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 20 10 0 615 285 330
Bangladesh 100 55 50 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,210 1,040 1,175 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 120 60 55 1,460 715 735
India 820 435 380 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 490 260 230 1,180 655 530
Iraq 70 25 45 860 460 400
Japan 90 15 75 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,495 775 720 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 390 225 165 265 165 100
Pakistan 225 130 95 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 1,340 475 870 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 40 15 30 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,225 605 620 805 390 410
Taiwan 80 25 55 215 110 110
Viet Nam 720 355 365 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 1,195 600 595 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 220 110 110 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,325 4,555 4,775 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 900 430 475 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 20 10 10 100 35 65
Colombia 40 20 15 185 70 120
Cuba 10 10 10 75 25 55
Haiti 45 15 30 15 10 0
Jamaica 40 25 10 340 175 165
Mexico 25 10 20 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 585 285 300 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 20 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 110 45 70 1,490 640 850
Europe 1,405 695 710 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 300 165 130 135 70 75
Germany 85 45 45 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 15 15 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 20 160 85 70
Romania 245 130 120 70 30 35
Russian Federation 90 35 55 1,145 530 610