Census Profile, 2016 Census
Quebec [Province] and Iqaluit, City [Census subdivision], Nunavut

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Quebec

[Province]
Iqaluit, CY
Nunavut
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Quebec [Province]  Map : Quebec [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Iqaluit, City [Census subdivision], Nunavut  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 8,164,361 ... ... 7,740 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 7,903,001 ... ... 6,699 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 15.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 3,858,943 ... ... 3,419 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 3,531,663 ... ... 2,749 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.0 ... ... 147.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,356,625.27 ... ... 52.50 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605 7,740 3,890 3,855
0 to 14 years 1,333,260 682,535 650,720 1,925 935 995
0 to 4 years 444,930 227,965 216,970 705 340 365
5 to 9 years 469,165 240,225 228,940 670 360 315
10 to 14 years 419,160 214,345 204,815 550 235 315
15 to 64 years 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280 5,580 2,820 2,760
15 to 19 years 429,825 219,070 210,755 475 235 240
20 to 24 years 500,100 252,600 247,500 575 300 270
25 to 29 years 495,410 248,030 247,380 715 360 360
30 to 34 years 515,505 256,440 259,070 810 390 420
35 to 39 years 550,540 274,595 275,945 705 330 375
40 to 44 years 506,525 254,100 252,425 560 295 265
45 to 49 years 519,425 260,410 259,015 540 270 270
50 to 54 years 619,435 309,070 310,370 530 270 260
55 to 59 years 636,475 314,190 322,285 405 225 185
60 to 64 years 562,670 276,140 286,535 260 145 115
65 years and over 1,495,195 669,590 825,605 235 135 105
65 to 69 years 488,175 236,395 251,775 140 75 65
70 to 74 years 373,590 176,905 196,690 50 30 15
75 to 79 years 256,905 116,020 140,890 30 15 15
80 to 84 years 187,835 78,390 109,450 15 10 5
85 years and over 188,685 61,885 126,805 10 5 5
85 to 89 years 120,635 43,795 76,840 5 0 5
90 to 94 years 53,165 15,155 38,015 5 5 0
95 to 99 years 13,035 2,685 10,350 0 0 0
100 years and over 1,850 255 1,600 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.7 24.9 24.0 25.8
15 to 64 years 65.4 66.3 64.4 72.1 72.5 71.6
65 years and over 18.3 16.7 19.9 3.0 3.5 2.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.5 3.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Average age of the population 41.9 40.9 42.9 31.1 31.7 30.6
Median age of the population 42.5 41.4 43.6 31.1 31.5 30.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 3,531,660 ... ... 2,750 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,602,680 ... ... 690 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 187,800 ... ... 110 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,717,680 ... ... 1,950 ... ...
Semi-detached house 188,245 ... ... 180 ... ...
Row house 93,350 ... ... 680 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 265,195 ... ... 30 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,154,955 ... ... 1,040 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15,940 ... ... 10 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 23,505 ... ... 0 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 3,531,665 ... ... 2,745 ... ...
1 person 1,175,230 ... ... 710 ... ...
2 persons 1,227,765 ... ... 765 ... ...
3 persons 489,460 ... ... 470 ... ...
4 persons 426,250 ... ... 405 ... ...
5 or more persons 212,960 ... ... 395 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 7,965,455 ... ... 7,590 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885 5,815 2,950 2,860
Married or living common law 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395 3,130 1,575 1,555
Married 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260 1,635 830 800
Living common law 1,501,160 752,025 749,135 1,500 745 750
Not married and not living common law 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490 2,685 1,375 1,310
Never married 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280 2,265 1,220 1,040
Separated 103,625 46,390 57,240 115 50 65
Divorced 483,195 194,430 288,760 200 80 125
Widowed 389,555 84,345 305,210 105 25 80
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 2,257,560 ... ... 1,955 ... ...
2 persons 1,204,955 ... ... 830 ... ...
3 persons 466,310 ... ... 480 ... ...
4 persons 412,160 ... ... 365 ... ...
5 or more persons 174,140 ... ... 275 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 2,257,560 ... ... 1,955 ... ...
Total couple families 1,878,095 ... ... 1,500 ... ...
Married couples 1,128,355 ... ... 755 ... ...
Common-law couples 749,740 ... ... 750 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 379,460 ... ... 450 ... ...
Female parent 284,900 ... ... 325 ... ...
Male parent 94,565 ... ... 125 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,878,095 ... ... 1,500 ... ...
Couples without children 970,260 ... ... 545 ... ...
Couples with children 907,840 ... ... 960 ... ...
1 child 356,640 ... ... 370 ... ...
2 children 384,875 ... ... 335 ... ...
3 or more children 166,315 ... ... 250 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 379,465 ... ... 455 ... ...
1 child 234,695 ... ... 285 ... ...
2 children 109,670 ... ... 110 ... ...
3 or more children 35,100 ... ... 60 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,579,070 775,765 803,305 1,500 805 695
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 3,531,660 ... ... 2,750 ... ...
One-census-family households 2,197,340 ... ... 1,740 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 947,305 ... ... 515 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,250,040 ... ... 1,225 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 29,595 ... ... 105 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,304,725 ... ... 900 ... ...
One-person households 1,175,230 ... ... 710 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 129,500 ... ... 195 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285 7,600 3,765 3,835
English only 372,445 187,595 184,860 6,405 3,155 3,245
French only 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095 45 30 15
English and French 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275 1,060 530 525
Neither English nor French 75,065 31,000 44,060 85 45 40
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285 7,600 3,765 3,835
English 964,120 482,985 481,135 7,020 3,435 3,585
French 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560 460 265 195
English and French 278,710 144,060 134,655 40 20 20
Neither English nor French 72,775 29,845 42,930 80 45 40
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,103,480 555,015 548,465 480 275 205
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 13.7 14.0 13.4 6.3 7.3 5.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285 7,595 3,765 3,835
Single responses 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975 7,425 3,685 3,740
Official languages 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845 3,915 2,050 1,870
English 601,155 301,860 299,300 3,460 1,780 1,675
French 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550 460 265 195
Non-official languages 1,060,830 517,700 543,125 3,505 1,640 1,870
Aboriginal languages 45,570 22,530 23,040 3,055 1,405 1,655
Algonquian languages 33,140 16,365 16,770 5 0 5
Blackfoot 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 31,430 15,575 15,855 0 0 0
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,715 4,155 4,555 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 590 285 305 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 135 55 80 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 35 15 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15,790 7,920 7,875 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 485 225 260 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 485 220 260 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,215 565 645 5 0 5
Algonquin 1,185 555 630 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 15 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 5 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,970 5,955 6,015 3,055 1,405 1,650
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuktitut 11,895 5,925 5,970 3,040 1,400 1,645
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 375 165 210 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 365 160 210 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,015,260 495,175 520,090 450 235 215
Afro-Asiatic languages 197,535 104,185 93,355 60 45 10
Berber languages 20,845 11,125 9,720 0 0 0
Kabyle 12,470 6,625 5,840 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,375 4,500 3,875 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 1,125 545 580 15 10 5
Bilen 10 10 5 0 0 0
Oromo 15 10 5 5 0 0
Somali 1,075 515 560 10 10 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 175,215 92,310 82,900 45 35 5
Amharic 745 340 405 20 10 5
Arabic 169,890 89,590 80,300 25 20 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 150 80 70 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 0 0 0
Harari 0 5 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,885 2,040 1,845 0 0 0
Maltese 25 10 15 0 0 0
Tigrigna 385 185 205 5 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 200 155 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 36,305 17,030 19,275 0 5 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 8,855 4,105 4,750 0 0 0
Vietnamese 27,425 12,920 14,505 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 21,635 7,800 13,835 115 40 70
Bikol 115 35 80 0 0 0
Cebuano 885 270 610 5 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 410 125 275 10 0 0
Ilocano 2,060 745 1,315 5 0 5
Malagasy 1,250 590 660 0 0 0
Malay 705 265 440 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 205 90 110 0 0 0
Pangasinan 95 40 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,545 5,480 10,065 100 35 60
Waray-Waray 50 10 40 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 320 140 180 0 0 0
Creole languages 56,990 25,220 31,770 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 2,220 1,055 1,170 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 53,785 23,675 30,110 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 980 490 490 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 14,865 7,435 7,430 15 10 5
Kannada 240 130 110 0 0 0
Malayalam 440 235 205 0 0 0
Tamil 13,600 6,715 6,880 15 10 5
Telugu 570 345 230 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 553,045 269,625 283,420 150 75 75
Albanian 2,795 1,420 1,370 0 0 0
Armenian 16,430 7,970 8,460 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 68,155 30,960 37,195 15 15 10
Baltic languages 850 335 515 0 0 0
Latvian 290 120 175 0 0 0
Lithuanian 555 215 340 0 0 0
Slavic languages 67,310 30,630 36,675 20 15 10
Belarusan 80 45 35 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,620 805 815 5 0 0
Bulgarian 6,985 3,385 3,600 0 0 5
Croatian 2,330 1,165 1,170 0 0 0
Czech 1,465 690 775 0 0 0
Macedonian 205 105 95 0 0 0
Polish 13,935 6,065 7,865 5 5 0
Russian 28,565 12,715 15,850 5 5 5
Serbian 3,140 1,590 1,545 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,805 865 940 0 0 0
Slovak 1,040 455 585 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 755 350 405 0 0 0
Ukrainian 5,210 2,285 2,920 5 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85 0 0 0
Celtic languages 155 95 60 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 10 0 0 0
Welsh 40 20 20 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 90 55 30 0 0 0
Germanic languages 27,540 13,280 14,260 40 20 20
Afrikaans 125 60 65 5 0 0
Danish 395 190 200 0 5 0
Dutch 2,825 1,395 1,430 10 5 5
Frisian 10 10 0 0 0 0
German 13,670 6,340 7,330 15 5 10
Icelandic 65 30 35 0 0 0
Norwegian 200 100 100 5 5 5
Swedish 555 255 300 0 5 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 540 240 300 0 0 5
Yiddish 8,985 4,560 4,420 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 0 0 5
Greek 38,635 19,435 19,205 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 76,040 39,205 36,835 45 20 25
Indo-Aryan languages 45,845 23,875 21,970 40 15 20
Bengali 10,995 5,620 5,380 5 5 0
Gujarati 6,070 2,980 3,090 5 0 5
Hindi 3,030 1,635 1,390 10 0 5
Kashmiri 20 15 5 0 0 0
Konkani 110 60 55 0 0 0
Marathi 255 145 110 0 0 5
Nepali 1,505 740 765 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,380 6,720 5,660 0 5 0
Sindhi 330 160 165 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 645 310 330 0 0 0
Urdu 10,470 5,460 5,010 15 5 10
Iranian languages 29,760 15,105 14,655 10 0 5
Kurdish 985 550 430 0 0 0
Pashto 1,285 680 610 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 27,490 13,875 13,615 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 323,290 157,260 166,030 45 20 25
Catalan 320 170 150 0 0 0
Italian 104,600 51,705 52,895 5 0 0
Portuguese 36,770 17,735 19,035 5 5 0
Romanian 35,840 17,170 18,665 5 0 5
Spanish 145,635 70,405 75,235 30 10 20
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 125 75 50 0 0 0
Japanese 2,525 775 1,750 5 0 0
Kartvelian languages 170 80 85 0 0 0
Georgian 170 80 90 0 0 0
Korean 5,160 2,270 2,890 5 0 5
Mongolic languages 190 75 115 0 0 0
Mongolian 195 80 115 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 28,355 14,360 13,995 50 30 20
Akan (Twi) 1,050 520 525 5 5 0
Bamanankan 1,200 655 545 0 0 0
Edo 75 45 30 0 0 0
Ewe 730 400 325 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,055 1,080 970 0 0 0
Ga 80 40 40 0 0 0
Ganda 35 15 20 0 0 0
Igbo 120 70 50 0 0 0
Lingala 2,465 1,185 1,285 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,345 1,600 1,745 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,500 1,115 1,380 0 0 0
Shona 85 45 40 10 5 5
Swahili 3,010 1,460 1,545 5 0 0
Wolof 3,230 1,745 1,485 0 0 0
Yoruba 255 155 100 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,135 4,235 3,895 25 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 345 180 165 0 0 0
Dinka 5 5 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 335 170 165 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,330 700 630 5 5 0
American Sign Language 65 35 30 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 670 330 340 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 595 340 255 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 76,840 35,775 41,065 30 20 15
Chinese languages 76,490 35,600 40,895 35 20 15
Cantonese 24,375 11,505 12,875 15 10 5
Hakka 470 215 260 0 0 0
Mandarin 43,700 20,175 23,525 5 0 5
Min Dong 20 10 15 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,225 1,480 1,745 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,075 465 605 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,535 1,710 1,825 15 10 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 345 175 170 0 0 0
Burmese 80 30 50 0 0 0
Karenic languages 70 40 30 0 0 0
Tibetan 110 65 50 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 4,895 2,185 2,710 0 0 0
Lao 4,115 1,995 2,120 0 0 0
Thai 765 180 585 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 7,980 4,095 3,880 5 0 5
Azerbaijani 290 160 130 0 0 0
Turkish 7,155 3,685 3,470 0 0 0
Uyghur 205 100 105 0 0 0
Uzbek 145 70 75 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 185 80 105 0 0 0
Uralic languages 6,400 2,985 3,410 5 5 0
Estonian 195 75 120 0 0 0
Finnish 360 125 240 0 0 0
Hungarian 5,835 2,790 3,045 10 5 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 685 385 300 0 0 0
Multiple responses 184,905 92,600 92,310 170 80 95
English and French 72,395 36,695 35,695 15 5 15
English and non-official language 27,485 13,545 13,945 145 65 80
French and non-official language 67,075 33,110 33,970 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 17,950 9,245 8,705 5 5 0
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285 7,600 3,765 3,835
Single responses 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425 7,475 3,710 3,770
Official languages 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685 5,580 2,785 2,795
English 782,185 391,125 391,060 5,300 2,640 2,660
French 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625 280 150 130
Non-official languages 585,890 283,150 302,735 1,895 915 980
Aboriginal languages 40,190 20,205 19,980 1,730 830 900
Algonquian languages 28,695 14,385 14,310 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 28,110 14,105 14,005 0 0 0
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 7,375 3,590 3,790 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 590 295 290 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 60 30 30 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 15 5 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 14,590 7,355 7,235 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 220 115 110 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 220 110 105 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 370 170 200 0 0 0
Algonquin 360 165 195 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,375 5,770 5,615 1,730 830 900
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 11,350 5,750 5,600 1,725 830 900
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 5 5 5
Iroquoian languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 70 35 30 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 10 25 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 545,695 262,940 282,755 170 85 80
Afro-Asiatic languages 91,660 46,550 45,110 25 15 5
Berber languages 7,495 3,895 3,605 0 0 0
Kabyle 5,105 2,660 2,450 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,390 1,235 1,150 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 535 240 295 0 0 0
Bilen 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 0 5 0
Somali 520 230 290 5 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Semitic languages 83,520 42,365 41,160 20 15 5
Amharic 340 150 185 10 10 5
Arabic 81,105 41,150 39,955 10 5 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 95 50 45 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,705 880 825 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 205 95 105 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,980 11,675 13,305 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 5,180 2,370 2,805 0 0 0
Vietnamese 19,790 9,295 10,495 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 9,715 3,960 5,750 65 25 40
Bikol 15 5 10 0 0 0
Cebuano 230 100 125 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 130 55 75 5 0 0
Ilocano 740 305 435 0 0 0
Malagasy 360 185 170 0 0 0
Malay 175 85 95 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 0 0 0
Pangasinan 10 5 10 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,905 3,150 4,760 60 25 35
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 0 0 0
Creole languages 20,705 8,780 11,925 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 855 380 475 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 19,405 8,200 11,210 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 440 200 240 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 11,400 5,595 5,805 10 5 5
Kannada 150 85 65 0 0 0
Malayalam 200 100 100 0 0 0
Tamil 10,720 5,215 5,500 10 10 5
Telugu 330 190 135 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 303,215 146,100 157,115 35 15 20
Albanian 1,615 795 820 0 0 0
Armenian 11,990 5,680 6,310 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 40,405 19,085 21,325 5 0 5
Baltic languages 190 80 105 0 0 0
Latvian 75 40 40 0 0 0
Lithuanian 115 40 70 0 0 0
Slavic languages 40,220 19,000 21,220 5 0 5
Belarusan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Bosnian 965 475 495 0 0 0
Bulgarian 5,125 2,495 2,630 0 0 0
Croatian 1,015 475 545 0 0 0
Czech 460 220 240 0 0 0
Macedonian 130 65 65 0 0 0
Polish 5,970 2,695 3,270 0 0 0
Russian 20,680 9,775 10,900 0 0 0
Serbian 2,010 1,020 990 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 960 470 490 0 0 0
Slovak 245 120 130 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 95 135 0 0 0
Ukrainian 2,365 1,060 1,300 5 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 0 0 0
Celtic languages 30 20 10 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 0 0 0
Welsh 10 10 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages 9,890 4,980 4,905 5 5 5
Afrikaans 15 10 10 0 0 0
Danish 50 25 25 0 0 0
Dutch 375 170 205 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 2,550 1,190 1,365 0 0 0
Icelandic 30 15 20 0 0 0
Norwegian 20 5 10 0 0 0
Swedish 105 50 60 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 40 0 0 0
Yiddish 6,665 3,485 3,180 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Greek 18,545 8,865 9,680 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 53,555 26,845 26,710 20 10 10
Indo-Aryan languages 31,575 15,985 15,585 20 10 10
Bengali 8,180 4,055 4,125 5 0 5
Gujarati 3,840 1,860 1,985 0 0 0
Hindi 1,535 790 745 0 0 0
Kashmiri 5 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 0 0 0
Marathi 80 40 40 0 5 5
Nepali 1,355 655 700 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,840 4,690 4,155 5 0 0
Sindhi 135 65 75 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 365 185 180 0 0 0
Urdu 7,180 3,620 3,565 10 5 5
Iranian languages 21,745 10,740 11,010 0 0 0
Kurdish 510 280 235 0 0 0
Pashto 925 460 465 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 20,310 10,005 10,305 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 120 120 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 167,190 79,835 87,355 15 10 5
Catalan 110 50 60 0 0 0
Italian 32,935 14,595 18,340 5 0 0
Portuguese 17,260 8,250 9,005 0 5 0
Romanian 24,520 12,000 12,525 0 0 0
Spanish 92,330 44,920 47,415 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Japanese 1,050 425 620 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Georgian 70 40 35 0 0 0
Korean 3,540 1,630 1,910 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 145 70 75 0 0 0
Mongolian 145 70 75 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 7,250 3,450 3,800 15 5 10
Akan (Twi) 445 215 235 0 0 0
Bamanankan 265 135 125 0 0 0
Edo 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ewe 140 60 80 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 530 255 280 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 10 0 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5 0 0 0
Igbo 15 10 10 0 0 0
Lingala 625 270 355 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,110 510 600 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 530 225 305 0 0 0
Shona 20 10 10 0 0 0
Swahili 1,100 535 565 0 0 0
Wolof 1,035 555 480 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 25 25 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,350 635 710 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,770 1,000 775 5 5 0
American Sign Language 90 35 50 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 700 360 340 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 985 600 385 5 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 60,370 28,925 31,450 10 5 10
Chinese languages 60,155 28,805 31,345 15 5 10
Cantonese 17,845 8,470 9,375 5 0 0
Hakka 155 75 80 0 0 0
Mandarin 37,075 17,870 19,200 5 0 5
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,830 830 1,000 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 780 355 420 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,435 1,190 1,240 10 5 5
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 115 100 0 0 0
Burmese 35 15 20 0 0 0
Karenic languages 65 40 30 0 0 0
Tibetan 70 45 30 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 2,375 1,145 1,230 0 0 0
Lao 2,150 1,055 1,100 0 0 0
Thai 225 90 135 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,120 2,540 2,575 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 100 50 55 0 0 0
Turkish 4,715 2,340 2,370 0 0 0
Uyghur 140 75 70 0 0 0
Uzbek 105 50 55 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,025 895 1,130 0 0 0
Estonian 30 10 20 0 0 0
Finnish 50 20 30 0 0 0
Hungarian 1,945 860 1,085 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 150 90 60 0 0 0
Multiple responses 322,820 157,960 164,860 120 55 65
English and French 86,715 43,820 42,890 20 15 10
English and non-official language 54,400 26,255 28,140 90 40 55
French and non-official language 139,385 66,610 72,775 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 42,320 21,270 21,045 5 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285 7,600 3,765 3,830
None 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900 3,960 2,025 1,935
English 513,410 263,670 249,735 1,420 685 735
French 320,370 158,340 162,030 190 100 90
Non-official language 317,790 154,450 163,340 2,005 940 1,065
Aboriginal 5,700 2,645 3,060 1,730 810 920
Non-Aboriginal 312,085 151,810 160,280 275 125 145
English and French 36,235 18,285 17,955 0 0 0
English and non-official language 28,630 14,075 14,555 10 10 5
French and non-official language 23,470 11,365 12,095 15 10 5
English, French and non-official language 1,420 740 680 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145 5,670 2,825 2,845
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020 5,480 2,720 2,760
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,975 37,842 28,522 70,695 73,184 68,288
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400 5,480 2,720 2,760
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,535 33,110 26,119 61,114 62,848 59,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220 5,085 2,555 2,530
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,067 35,597 25,012 74,928 77,013 71,475
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445 5,310 2,625 2,685
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,307 5,851 8,246 1,207 1,205 1,568
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370 4,960 2,495 2,470
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,263 35,627 27,219 73,632 75,605 71,168
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245 5,675 2,830 2,845
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595 5,480 2,715 2,765
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,546 49,087 36,203 76,556 79,605 73,553
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890 5,480 2,720 2,765
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,887 39,292 30,616 63,475 65,558 61,423
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485 5,085 2,550 2,530
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,505 47,810 33,079 78,458 81,730 75,164
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050 5,305 2,625 2,685
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,590 7,846 9,229 3,874 3,032 4,697
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120 4,965 2,495 2,475
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,382 45,974 34,313 76,081 79,221 72,916
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240 5,675 2,825 2,845
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025 2,880 1,475 1,405
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,111 51,622 42,433 101,933 104,149 99,694
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,564 62,750 49,085 101,059 103,289 98,719
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.4 88.3 79.1 95.1 96.3 93.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.4 71.4 64.6 89.9 91.3 88.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.6 11.7 20.9 4.9 3.7 6.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140 5,675 2,825 2,845
Without total income 216,685 99,555 117,125 190 110 85
With total income 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020 5,480 2,720 2,760
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.5 96.6 96.3 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 789,595 351,935 437,660 770 405 370
$10,000 to $19,999 1,188,135 476,630 711,500 425 190 240
$20,000 to $29,999 976,210 428,390 547,830 345 160 190
$30,000 to $39,999 852,735 414,105 438,625 355 155 205
$40,000 to $49,999 747,995 378,215 369,780 295 150 140
$50,000 to $59,999 540,265 292,110 248,150 255 125 130
$60,000 to $69,999 375,935 214,805 161,130 260 135 130
$70,000 to $79,999 286,025 164,240 121,790 260 130 130
$80,000 to $89,999 189,350 113,715 75,635 280 140 145
$90,000 to $99,999 122,750 80,090 42,660 315 135 180
$100,000 and over 348,620 246,360 102,255 1,910 1,010 905
$100,000 to $149,999 236,515 164,145 72,370 1,400 695 705
$150,000 and over 112,105 82,215 29,885 515 315 200
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140 5,670 2,825 2,845
Without after-tax income 215,120 99,375 115,750 195 110 85
With after-tax income 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395 5,480 2,715 2,760
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.0 96.6 96.6 96.1 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 822,725 359,045 463,675 775 400 375
$10,000 to $19,999 1,246,480 505,165 741,315 440 200 240
$20,000 to $29,999 1,192,885 541,080 651,810 405 180 225
$30,000 to $39,999 1,096,510 553,200 543,315 400 185 215
$40,000 to $49,999 793,150 425,040 368,115 345 175 175
$50,000 to $59,999 498,475 283,130 215,345 325 170 160
$60,000 to $69,999 309,415 180,470 128,945 345 165 180
$70,000 to $79,999 167,895 108,500 59,395 395 185 215
$80,000 and over 291,635 205,155 86,485 2,045 1,065 980
$80,000 to $89,999 95,010 64,670 30,335 410 200 210
$90,000 to $99,999 55,980 39,080 16,905 435 210 225
$100,000 and over 140,645 101,405 39,240 1,195 650 545
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145 5,670 2,830 2,850
Without employment income 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775 710 335 375
With employment income 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375 4,960 2,490 2,470
Percentage with employment income 69.8 73.9 65.8 87.5 88.0 86.7
Under $5,000 (including loss) 606,300 311,780 294,520 420 205 225
$5,000 to $9,999 367,030 162,150 204,885 280 130 145
$10,000 to $19,999 681,920 305,995 375,920 380 180 205
$20,000 to $29,999 586,140 269,950 316,195 315 170 150
$30,000 to $39,999 565,425 277,135 288,285 255 115 140
$40,000 to $49,999 476,665 247,105 229,560 245 125 120
$50,000 to $59,999 359,180 203,580 155,600 275 135 140
$60,000 to $69,999 266,650 156,255 110,395 225 120 105
$70,000 to $79,999 224,040 129,890 94,150 245 125 120
$80,000 and over 494,440 344,585 149,855 2,325 1,195 1,130
$80,000 to $89,999 139,830 90,295 49,540 270 125 140
$90,000 to $99,999 93,860 64,160 29,700 310 135 170
$100,000 and over 260,745 190,125 70,620 1,750 930 820
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 3,531,665 ... ... 2,750 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,822 ... ... 136,119 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,207 ... ... 114,739 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,175,230 ... ... 710 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,574 ... ... 99,797 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,469 ... ... 83,157 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 2,356,430 ... ... 2,035 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,645 ... ... 164,133 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,665 ... ... 138,112 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 3,531,665 ... ... 2,750 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,306 ... ... 152,611 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,404 ... ... 126,534 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,174,695 ... ... 715 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,042 ... ... 96,754 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,262 ... ... 78,930 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 2,356,970 ... ... 2,040 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,878 ... ... 172,098 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,426 ... ... 143,142 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 3,531,665 ... ... 2,750 ... ...
Under $5,000 47,170 ... ... 20 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 56,315 ... ... 45 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 119,570 ... ... 35 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 180,865 ... ... 40 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 179,690 ... ... 40 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 154,150 ... ... 30 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 185,000 ... ... 35 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 184,435 ... ... 35 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 179,855 ... ... 45 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 170,445 ... ... 55 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 313,600 ... ... 95 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 273,620 ... ... 80 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 241,940 ... ... 90 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 208,620 ... ... 105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 176,355 ... ... 100 ... ...
$100,000 and over 860,030 ... ... 1,900 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 327,435 ... ... 360 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 204,105 ... ... 325 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 192,155 ... ... 455 ... ...
$200,000 and over 136,335 ... ... 765 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,531,660 ... ... 2,750 ... ...
Under $5,000 50,445 ... ... 20 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 57,335 ... ... 45 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 120,860 ... ... 35 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 190,300 ... ... 40 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 202,905 ... ... 35 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 187,365 ... ... 45 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 231,765 ... ... 40 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 225,695 ... ... 50 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 211,990 ... ... 40 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,760 ... ... 75 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 363,775 ... ... 105 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 309,825 ... ... 110 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 256,150 ... ... 135 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 208,765 ... ... 170 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 166,295 ... ... 190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 545,440 ... ... 1,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 269,170 ... ... 400 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 130,225 ... ... 305 ... ...
$150,000 and over 146,045 ... ... 925 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 2,261,890 ... ... 1,895 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,378 ... ... 162,361 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,152 ... ... 136,704 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.4 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 930,195 ... ... 485 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,075 ... ... 178,859 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,224 ... ... 149,065 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 911,980 ... ... 955 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,246 ... ... 185,271 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,844 ... ... 157,099 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 364,085 ... ... 380 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,708 ... ... 101,205 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,805 ... ... 86,016 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 2,262,045 ... ... 1,895 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,863 ... ... 170,436 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,060 ... ... 141,570 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 929,645 ... ... 485 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,304 ... ... 180,015 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,167 ... ... 148,403 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 912,560 ... ... 955 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,835 ... ... 192,962 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,279 ... ... 159,793 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 363,610 ... ... 375 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,753 ... ... 106,797 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,052 ... ... 90,751 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,433,210 711,180 722,030 1,170 615 550
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,195 31,526 27,210 80,128 77,632 84,608
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,706 28,214 25,434 68,403 64,896 70,656
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,430,625 708,225 722,405 1,165 615 550
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,684 39,840 35,571 82,519 81,100 84,113
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,513 32,729 30,321 68,001 66,791 69,361
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970 7,590 3,755 3,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115 1,920 950 965
In the bottom decile 747,785 368,385 379,395 545 275 270
In the second decile 898,605 408,705 489,900 270 135 135
In the third decile 997,185 481,975 515,210 425 195 225
In the fourth decile 996,230 490,275 505,960 310 170 140
In the fifth decile 938,080 467,425 470,655 375 185 195
In the top half of the distribution 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855 5,670 2,800 2,870
In the sixth decile 881,640 444,865 436,775 400 200 195
In the seventh decile 806,685 409,470 397,220 495 235 265
In the eighth decile 700,450 357,000 343,455 645 315 330
In the ninth decile 557,160 286,195 270,960 1,165 585 580
In the top decile 441,630 227,185 214,445 2,960 1,465 1,500
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 1,564,410 800,455 763,960 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 532,410 272,790 259,625 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980 0 0 0
65 years and over 1,335,220 620,210 715,010 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,160,190 542,405 617,785 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 222,955 114,410 108,540 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 75,270 38,595 36,670 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 688,130 334,825 353,305 0 0 0
65 years and over 249,110 93,170 155,930 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.6 13.8 15.4 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) 14.3 14.3 14.2 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 14.1 14.1 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.4 14.0 ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) 18.7 15.0 21.8 ... ... ...
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 731,340 358,085 373,260 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 129,325 66,400 62,925 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 44,375 22,705 21,675 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 514,540 261,485 253,060 0 0 0
65 years and over 87,475 30,205 57,270 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.2 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 10.5 10.0 ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) 6.6 4.9 8.0 ... ... ...
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 7,590 3,755 3,830
Official languages 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890 7,505 3,710 3,790
English 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225 7,455 3,685 3,775
French 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200 1,100 560 545
Non-official languages 1,610,980 776,265 834,720 4,575 2,170 2,400
Aboriginal languages 50,890 25,190 25,700 3,890 1,835 2,060
Algonquian languages 37,515 18,545 18,965 10 0 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 34,415 17,050 17,370 0 0 0
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 9,850 4,735 5,115 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 10 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 775 385 385 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 260 130 130 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 35 25 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 0 0 0
Woods Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 17,175 8,600 8,575 0 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 885 460 420 0 0 0
Malecite 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 880 460 425 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,340 1,105 1,235 10 0 10
Algonquin 2,240 1,055 1,185 0 0 0
Ojibway 105 50 50 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 15 10 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 10 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 12,595 6,270 6,330 3,885 1,835 2,050
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 10
Inuktitut 12,485 6,210 6,270 3,875 1,830 2,045
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 740 360 375 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 690 350 335 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 10 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 10 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 90 40 55 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,560,375 751,215 809,160 710 350 360
Afro-Asiatic languages 301,035 157,545 143,490 95 65 30
Berber languages 27,595 14,650 12,945 0 0 0
Kabyle 16,170 8,580 7,590 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 11,580 6,150 5,425 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 1,550 745 805 25 15 10
Bilen 35 20 10 0 0 0
Oromo 45 30 10 0 0 0
Somali 1,460 680 780 25 15 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 286,625 149,970 136,660 65 45 15
Amharic 1,145 540 600 25 15 0
Arabic 267,965 140,280 127,685 40 30 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 95 95 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 18,035 9,490 8,540 10 10 0
Maltese 40 10 25 0 0 0
Tigrigna 420 195 225 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 810 430 380 10 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 46,050 21,955 24,095 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,840 5,620 6,220 0 0 0
Vietnamese 34,580 16,520 18,060 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 31,230 11,820 19,410 130 45 80
Bikol 105 45 60 0 0 0
Cebuano 1,105 360 750 0 0 0
Fijian 15 0 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 540 195 350 10 10 0
Ilocano 2,500 890 1,610 0 0 0
Malagasy 1,980 940 1,040 0 0 0
Malay 1,210 525 690 0 10 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 95 100 0 0 0
Pangasinan 60 20 40 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 26,705 9,785 16,915 125 45 80
Waray-Waray 55 10 45 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 540 270 275 0 0 0
Creole languages 115,445 51,970 63,475 10 0 10
Haitian Creole 4,910 2,285 2,620 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 108,315 48,615 59,705 0 10 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,835 1,390 1,445 0 0 10
Dravidian languages 18,710 9,495 9,210 10 10 0
Kannada 415 210 205 0 0 0
Malayalam 510 285 220 0 0 0
Tamil 17,245 8,680 8,565 15 10 0
Telugu 930 540 390 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 35 15 25 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 912,945 435,785 477,155 335 160 180
Albanian 3,375 1,730 1,645 0 0 0
Armenian 20,290 9,790 10,500 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 88,425 41,725 46,700 40 15 20
Baltic languages 1,080 500 585 0 0 0
Latvian 335 150 185 0 0 0
Lithuanian 755 350 410 0 0 0
Slavic languages 87,520 41,315 46,205 35 20 15
Belarusan 365 150 215 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,975 990 985 0 0 0
Bulgarian 7,345 3,595 3,750 0 0 0
Croatian 3,580 1,760 1,820 0 0 0
Czech 2,070 975 1,095 0 0 0
Macedonian 285 140 145 10 0 0
Polish 17,760 8,090 9,665 15 10 10
Russian 46,665 22,265 24,400 15 0 0
Serbian 4,050 1,980 2,070 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,385 1,140 1,245 0 0 0
Slovak 1,520 705 820 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 970 490 480 0 0 0
Ukrainian 9,015 3,885 5,135 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 0 0 0
Celtic languages 495 305 195 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 155 95 65 0 0 0
Welsh 85 45 40 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 265 175 95 0 0 0
Germanic languages 63,370 31,835 31,530 70 30 40
Afrikaans 415 260 150 0 0 0
Danish 835 410 420 0 0 0
Dutch 5,060 2,665 2,395 15 10 10
Frisian 15 10 0 0 0 0
German 43,475 21,950 21,530 45 20 30
Icelandic 140 80 60 10 0 0
Norwegian 510 255 255 10 0 0
Swedish 1,580 785 795 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 760 265 495 0 0 0
Yiddish 12,375 6,225 6,155 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 0 0 0
Greek 51,060 25,520 25,540 0 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages 93,655 48,040 45,615 55 25 30
Indo-Aryan languages 59,570 30,870 28,700 50 25 25
Bengali 12,870 6,610 6,260 10 10 10
Gujarati 7,950 3,860 4,090 0 0 0
Hindi 15,570 8,285 7,280 25 10 10
Kashmiri 45 35 15 0 0 0
Konkani 150 70 75 0 0 0
Marathi 475 240 230 0 0 0
Nepali 1,445 725 720 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 55 35 20 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,860 9,690 8,165 10 0 10
Sindhi 500 240 255 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,335 625 710 0 0 0
Urdu 16,545 8,655 7,890 20 10 0
Iranian languages 35,420 17,830 17,585 10 0 10
Kurdish 1,255 665 590 0 0 0
Pashto 1,825 1,005 825 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 32,965 16,560 16,405 0 0 10
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 845 425 420 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 627,545 293,620 333,920 180 80 100
Catalan 890 525 365 0 0 0
Italian 173,710 84,430 89,275 30 10 15
Portuguese 55,100 27,620 27,475 0 10 0
Romanian 42,655 20,550 22,110 10 0 0
Spanish 390,355 177,610 212,745 145 65 80
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 490 345 145 0 0 0
Japanese 7,040 3,340 3,695 10 10 0
Kartvelian languages 220 110 110 0 0 0
Georgian 215 105 110 0 0 0
Korean 6,260 2,825 3,430 10 0 0
Mongolic languages 270 135 130 0 0 0
Mongolian 265 135 130 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 52,840 26,665 26,175 75 45 30
Akan (Twi) 1,800 945 855 10 0 0
Bamanankan 2,385 1,240 1,145 0 0 0
Edo 190 95 95 0 0 0
Ewe 1,410 865 545 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 3,400 1,785 1,620 0 0 0
Ga 315 155 160 0 0 0
Ganda 90 40 55 10 0 0
Igbo 275 190 90 10 0 0
Lingala 9,630 4,430 5,200 10 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 4,490 2,210 2,285 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 3,535 1,640 1,895 0 0 0
Shona 150 75 80 15 10 0
Swahili 8,015 4,080 3,935 15 10 10
Wolof 6,555 3,545 3,015 0 0 0
Yoruba 885 485 395 10 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 17,720 9,125 8,595 35 25 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 695 345 350 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 695 345 350 0 0 0
Sign languages 7,775 3,095 4,675 20 10 10
American Sign Language 675 245 435 10 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 4,405 1,590 2,815 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,960 1,350 1,605 10 0 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 90,460 42,695 47,770 45 20 30
Chinese languages 90,060 42,480 47,580 45 25 25
Cantonese 31,885 14,900 16,980 20 10 10
Hakka 545 240 310 0 0 0
Mandarin 59,240 27,560 31,685 15 10 10
Min Dong 15 10 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,215 1,860 2,350 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,230 535 690 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,800 2,380 2,425 20 10 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 430 235 195 0 0 0
Burmese 140 75 60 0 0 0
Karenic languages 105 55 45 0 0 0
Tibetan 65 50 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 7,280 3,400 3,880 0 0 0
Lao 5,785 2,850 2,935 0 0 0
Thai 2,255 875 1,375 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 12,475 6,265 6,210 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 510 275 235 0 0 0
Turkish 11,415 5,755 5,665 10 0 0
Uyghur 230 110 120 0 0 0
Uzbek 230 105 125 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120 0 0 0
Uralic languages 7,870 3,710 4,160 10 10 0
Estonian 150 55 95 0 0 0
Finnish 500 195 305 0 0 0
Hungarian 7,215 3,450 3,765 10 10 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,140 1,170 970 0 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 7,585 3,755 3,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350 7,400 3,665 3,735
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,521,230 779,620 741,610 2,170 1,060 1,110
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740 5,235 2,610 2,625
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 379,910 188,245 191,665 190 90 100
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 7,590 3,755 3,835
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735 6,990 3,445 3,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,091,310 530,325 560,980 555 295 260
Before 1981 238,655 117,080 121,575 90 55 30
1981 to 1990 127,340 63,150 64,190 60 35 25
1991 to 2000 187,860 89,210 98,650 95 50 50
2001 to 2010 322,280 155,785 166,495 210 105 100
2001 to 2005 140,170 67,835 72,335 110 65 45
2006 to 2010 182,115 87,945 94,165 100 45 55
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 215,170 105,105 110,065 105 50 55
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 86,065 45,765 40,295 45 15 30
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,091,305 530,325 560,980 555 295 260
Under 5 years 112,930 54,600 58,330 70 30 40
5 to 14 years 174,020 87,165 86,855 95 65 35
15 to 24 years 215,350 98,880 116,475 100 55 50
25 to 44 years 515,770 256,095 259,675 260 130 125
45 years and over 73,230 33,590 39,640 30 20 10
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,091,305 530,330 560,980 555 290 265
Americas 247,505 113,190 134,315 80 40 45
Brazil 7,345 3,515 3,830 0 0 0
Colombia 25,580 11,645 13,935 0 0 0
El Salvador 11,120 5,500 5,615 0 0 0
Guyana 2,490 1,085 1,410 0 0 0
Haiti 80,965 35,375 45,585 10 0 10
Jamaica 4,665 2,040 2,625 10 10 10
Mexico 15,820 7,090 8,730 0 10 0
Peru 13,265 5,945 7,325 10 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 4,075 1,840 2,240 0 10 10
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 25,955 12,800 13,155 30 15 15
Other places of birth in Americas 56,235 26,370 29,870 25 15 10
Europe 311,090 154,910 156,185 120 75 40
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,785 1,890 1,895 0 0 0
Croatia 2,140 1,085 1,050 0 0 0
France 81,225 43,490 37,735 0 0 0
Germany 9,750 4,365 5,390 15 10 0
Greece 18,420 9,135 9,285 0 0 0
Hungary 3,325 1,620 1,700 0 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 820 485 330 0 0 0
Italy 51,025 25,370 25,655 10 0 0
Netherlands 1,990 1,035 955 0 0 0
Poland 10,735 4,675 6,060 0 0 0
Portugal 18,985 9,185 9,800 10 10 0
Romania 28,695 13,695 15,005 0 0 10
Russian Federation 11,355 4,975 6,375 0 0 0
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,790 830 960 0 0 0
Ukraine 8,670 3,800 4,870 10 0 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,905 6,645 6,260 45 30 15
Other places of birth in Europe 45,500 22,630 22,870 15 10 0
Africa 241,410 125,250 116,165 130 70 55
Algeria 59,465 31,180 28,280 0 0 0
Egypt 19,490 10,290 9,200 0 0 0
Ethiopia 995 495 495 20 10 10
Kenya 785 355 430 10 0 10
Morocco 60,700 31,435 29,270 0 0 0
Nigeria 1,340 740 600 20 10 10
Somalia 580 270 310 10 0 10
South Africa, Republic of 865 475 385 10 0 10
Other places of birth in Africa 97,200 50,005 47,190 65 35 30
Asia 289,825 136,175 153,655 225 105 115
Afghanistan 7,280 3,640 3,640 0 0 0
Bangladesh 7,940 3,990 3,950 0 0 0
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 49,555 19,905 29,655 20 10 10
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,730 2,290 2,435 10 10 0
India 17,865 9,195 8,670 15 10 10
IranCensus data footnote 61 17,760 8,880 8,885 0 0 0
Iraq 3,735 1,960 1,775 0 0 0
Japan 1,725 395 1,330 0 0 0
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,230 1,995 2,230 0 0 0
Lebanon 39,135 20,800 18,340 15 10 0
Pakistan 10,010 5,260 4,750 20 15 10
Philippines 24,410 9,040 15,370 120 45 70
Sri Lanka 10,715 5,335 5,380 10 10 0
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 17,775 8,800 8,980 0 0 0
Taiwan 2,735 1,100 1,635 0 0 0
Viet Nam 25,440 11,765 13,675 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 44,795 21,840 22,950 15 10 0
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,480 805 670 10 10 0
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 215,170 105,105 110,065 105 45 55
Americas 47,710 22,625 25,085 20 10 10
Brazil 3,010 1,495 1,520 0 0 0
Colombia 7,540 3,465 4,075 0 0 0
Cuba 2,565 1,260 1,315 0 0 0
Haiti 16,880 7,690 9,190 0 0 0
Jamaica 190 140 55 0 0 0
Mexico 4,210 1,955 2,255 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,990 2,265 1,720 15 10 10
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,955 935 1,020 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 7,365 3,425 3,935 10 0 0
Europe 39,320 20,085 19,235 0 10 0
France 20,030 10,855 9,175 0 0 0
Germany 580 250 330 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 105 35 0 0 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 3,750