Census Profile, 2016 Census
Quebec [Province] and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Quebec

[Province]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Quebec [Province]  Map : Quebec [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 8,164,361 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 7,903,001 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 3,858,943 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 3,531,663 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.0 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,356,625.27 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 1,333,260 682,535 650,720 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 444,930 227,965 216,970 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 469,165 240,225 228,940 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 419,160 214,345 204,815 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 429,825 219,070 210,755 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 500,100 252,600 247,500 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 495,410 248,030 247,380 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 515,505 256,440 259,070 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 550,540 274,595 275,945 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 506,525 254,100 252,425 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 519,425 260,410 259,015 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 619,435 309,070 310,370 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 636,475 314,190 322,285 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 562,670 276,140 286,535 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 1,495,195 669,590 825,605 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 488,175 236,395 251,775 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 373,590 176,905 196,690 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 256,905 116,020 140,890 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 187,835 78,390 109,450 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 188,685 61,885 126,805 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 120,635 43,795 76,840 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 53,165 15,155 38,015 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 13,035 2,685 10,350 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 1,850 255 1,600 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.7 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.4 66.3 64.4 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 18.3 16.7 19.9 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.5 3.1 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.9 40.9 42.9 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 42.5 41.4 43.6 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 3,531,660 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,602,680 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 187,800 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,717,680 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 188,245 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 93,350 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 265,195 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,154,955 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15,940 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 23,505 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 3,531,665 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 1,175,230 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 1,227,765 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 489,460 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 426,250 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 212,960 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 7,965,455 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 1,501,160 752,025 749,135 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 103,625 46,390 57,240 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 483,195 194,430 288,760 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 389,555 84,345 305,210 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 2,257,560 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 1,204,955 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 466,310 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 412,160 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 174,140 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 2,257,560 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 1,878,095 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 1,128,355 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 749,740 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 379,460 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 284,900 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 94,565 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,878,095 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 970,260 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 907,840 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 356,640 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 384,875 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 166,315 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 379,465 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 234,695 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 109,670 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 35,100 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,579,070 775,765 803,305 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 3,531,660 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 2,197,340 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 947,305 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,250,040 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 29,595 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,304,725 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 1,175,230 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 129,500 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 372,445 187,595 184,860 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 75,065 31,000 44,060 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 964,120 482,985 481,135 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 278,710 144,060 134,655 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 72,775 29,845 42,930 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,103,480 555,015 548,465 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 13.7 14.0 13.4 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 601,155 301,860 299,300 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 1,060,830 517,700 543,125 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 45,570 22,530 23,040 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 33,140 16,365 16,770 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 31,430 15,575 15,855 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 8,715 4,155 4,555 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 5 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 590 285 305 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 135 55 80 135 55 80
Plains Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 35 15 15 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 10 5 5 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 15,790 7,920 7,875 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 485 225 260 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 485 220 260 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,215 565 645 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 1,185 555 630 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 20 10 15 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 5 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,970 5,955 6,015 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 11,895 5,925 5,970 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 375 165 210 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 365 160 210 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 30 35 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,015,260 495,175 520,090 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 197,535 104,185 93,355 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 20,845 11,125 9,720 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 12,470 6,625 5,840 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,375 4,500 3,875 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 1,125 545 580 1,125 545 580
Bilen 10 10 5 10 10 5
Oromo 15 10 5 15 10 5
Somali 1,075 515 560 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 30 20 10
Semitic languages 175,215 92,310 82,900 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 745 340 405 745 340 405
Arabic 169,890 89,590 80,300 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 150 80 70 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 15 10 5
Harari 0 5 5 0 5 5
Hebrew 3,885 2,040 1,845 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 25 10 15 25 10 15
Tigrigna 385 185 205 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 200 155 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 36,305 17,030 19,275 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 8,855 4,105 4,750 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 27,425 12,920 14,505 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 21,635 7,800 13,835 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 115 35 80 115 35 80
Cebuano 885 270 610 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 410 125 275 410 125 275
Ilocano 2,060 745 1,315 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 1,250 590 660 1,250 590 660
Malay 705 265 440 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 205 90 110 205 90 110
Pangasinan 95 40 50 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,545 5,480 10,065 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 50 10 40 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 320 140 180 320 140 180
Creole languages 56,990 25,220 31,770 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 2,220 1,055 1,170 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 53,785 23,675 30,110 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 980 490 490 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 14,865 7,435 7,430 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 240 130 110 240 130 110
Malayalam 440 235 205 440 235 205
Tamil 13,600 6,715 6,880 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 570 345 230 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 553,045 269,625 283,420 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 2,795 1,420 1,370 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 16,430 7,970 8,460 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 68,155 30,960 37,195 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 850 335 515 850 335 515
Latvian 290 120 175 290 120 175
Lithuanian 555 215 340 555 215 340
Slavic languages 67,310 30,630 36,675 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 80 45 35 80 45 35
Bosnian 1,620 805 815 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 6,985 3,385 3,600 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 2,330 1,165 1,170 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 1,465 690 775 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 205 105 95 205 105 95
Polish 13,935 6,065 7,865 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 28,565 12,715 15,850 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 3,140 1,590 1,545 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 1,805 865 940 1,805 865 940
Slovak 1,040 455 585 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 755 350 405 755 350 405
Ukrainian 5,210 2,285 2,920 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85 175 90 85
Celtic languages 155 95 60 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 10 20 15 10
Welsh 40 20 20 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 90 55 30 90 55 30
Germanic languages 27,540 13,280 14,260 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 125 60 65 125 60 65
Danish 395 190 200 395 190 200
Dutch 2,825 1,395 1,430 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 10 10 0 10 10 0
German 13,670 6,340 7,330 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 65 30 35 65 30 35
Norwegian 200 100 100 200 100 100
Swedish 555 255 300 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 540 240 300 540 240 300
Yiddish 8,985 4,560 4,420 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 175 100 75
Greek 38,635 19,435 19,205 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 76,040 39,205 36,835 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 45,845 23,875 21,970 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 10,995 5,620 5,380 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 6,070 2,980 3,090 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 3,030 1,635 1,390 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 20 15 5 20 15 5
Konkani 110 60 55 110 60 55
Marathi 255 145 110 255 145 110
Nepali 1,505 740 765 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,380 6,720 5,660 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 330 160 165 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 645 310 330 645 310 330
Urdu 10,470 5,460 5,010 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 29,760 15,105 14,655 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 985 550 430 985 550 430
Pashto 1,285 680 610 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 27,490 13,875 13,615 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 323,290 157,260 166,030 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 320 170 150 320 170 150
Italian 104,600 51,705 52,895 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 36,770 17,735 19,035 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 35,840 17,170 18,665 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 145,635 70,405 75,235 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 125 75 50 125 75 50
Japanese 2,525 775 1,750 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 170 80 85 170 80 85
Georgian 170 80 90 170 80 90
Korean 5,160 2,270 2,890 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 190 75 115 190 75 115
Mongolian 195 80 115 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 28,355 14,360 13,995 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 1,050 520 525 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 1,200 655 545 1,200 655 545
Edo 75 45 30 75 45 30
Ewe 730 400 325 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,055 1,080 970 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 80 40 40 80 40 40
Ganda 35 15 20 35 15 20
Igbo 120 70 50 120 70 50
Lingala 2,465 1,185 1,285 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,345 1,600 1,745 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,500 1,115 1,380 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 85 45 40 85 45 40
Swahili 3,010 1,460 1,545 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 3,230 1,745 1,485 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 255 155 100 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,135 4,235 3,895 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 345 180 165 345 180 165
Dinka 5 5 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 335 170 165 335 170 165
Sign languages 1,330 700 630 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 65 35 30 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 670 330 340 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 595 340 255 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 76,840 35,775 41,065 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 76,490 35,600 40,895 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 24,375 11,505 12,875 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 470 215 260 470 215 260
Mandarin 43,700 20,175 23,525 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 20 10 15 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,225 1,480 1,745 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,075 465 605 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,535 1,710 1,825 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 345 175 170 345 175 170
Burmese 80 30 50 80 30 50
Karenic languages 70 40 30 70 40 30
Tibetan 110 65 50 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 4,895 2,185 2,710 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 4,115 1,995 2,120 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 765 180 585 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 10 5 10
Turkic languages 7,980 4,095 3,880 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 290 160 130 290 160 130
Turkish 7,155 3,685 3,470 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 205 100 105 205 100 105
Uzbek 145 70 75 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 185 80 105 185 80 105
Uralic languages 6,400 2,985 3,410 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 195 75 120 195 75 120
Finnish 360 125 240 360 125 240
Hungarian 5,835 2,790 3,045 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 685 385 300 685 385 300
Multiple responses 184,905 92,600 92,310 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 72,395 36,695 35,695 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 27,485 13,545 13,945 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 67,075 33,110 33,970 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 17,950 9,245 8,705 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 782,185 391,125 391,060 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 585,890 283,150 302,735 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 40,190 20,205 19,980 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 28,695 14,385 14,310 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 28,110 14,105 14,005 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 7,375 3,590 3,790 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 590 295 290 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 60 30 30 60 30 30
Plains Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 15 5 10 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 5 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 14,590 7,355 7,235 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 220 115 110 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 220 110 105 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 370 170 200 370 170 200
Algonquin 360 165 195 360 165 195
Ojibway 5 5 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,375 5,770 5,615 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 11,350 5,750 5,600 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 70 35 35 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 70 35 30 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 10 25 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 545,695 262,940 282,755 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 91,660 46,550 45,110 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 7,495 3,895 3,605 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 5,105 2,660 2,450 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,390 1,235 1,150 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 535 240 295 535 240 295
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 5
Oromo 5 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 520 230 290 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 83,520 42,365 41,160 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 340 150 185 340 150 185
Arabic 81,105 41,150 39,955 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 95 50 45 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 10 0 5
Harari 5 0 5 5 0 5
Hebrew 1,705 880 825 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 205 95 105 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,980 11,675 13,305 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 5,180 2,370 2,805 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 19,790 9,295 10,495 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 9,715 3,960 5,750 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 15 5 10 15 5 10
Cebuano 230 100 125 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 130 55 75 130 55 75
Ilocano 740 305 435 740 305 435
Malagasy 360 185 170 360 185 170
Malay 175 85 95 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 60 30 30
Pangasinan 10 5 10 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,905 3,150 4,760 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 75 35 35
Creole languages 20,705 8,780 11,925 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 855 380 475 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 19,405 8,200 11,210 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 440 200 240 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 11,400 5,595 5,805 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 150 85 65 150 85 65
Malayalam 200 100 100 200 100 100
Tamil 10,720 5,215 5,500 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 330 190 135 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 15 5 5 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 303,215 146,100 157,115 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 1,615 795 820 1,615 795 820
Armenian 11,990 5,680 6,310 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 40,405 19,085 21,325 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 190 80 105 190 80 105
Latvian 75 40 40 75 40 40
Lithuanian 115 40 70 115 40 70
Slavic languages 40,220 19,000 21,220 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 25 15 15 25 15 15
Bosnian 965 475 495 965 475 495
Bulgarian 5,125 2,495 2,630 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 1,015 475 545 1,015 475 545
Czech 460 220 240 460 220 240
Macedonian 130 65 65 130 65 65
Polish 5,970 2,695 3,270 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 20,680 9,775 10,900 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 2,010 1,020 990 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 960 470 490 960 470 490
Slovak 245 120 130 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 95 135 225 95 135
Ukrainian 2,365 1,060 1,300 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 40 15 25
Celtic languages 30 20 10 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 10 10 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5 15 15 5
Germanic languages 9,890 4,980 4,905 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 15 10 10 15 10 10
Danish 50 25 25 50 25 25
Dutch 375 170 205 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 2,550 1,190 1,365 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 30 15 20 30 15 20
Norwegian 20 5 10 20 5 10
Swedish 105 50 60 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 40 70 35 40
Yiddish 6,665 3,485 3,180 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Greek 18,545 8,865 9,680 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 53,555 26,845 26,710 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 31,575 15,985 15,585 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 8,180 4,055 4,125 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 3,840 1,860 1,985 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 1,535 790 745 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 30 15 15
Marathi 80 40 40 80 40 40
Nepali 1,355 655 700 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,840 4,690 4,155 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 135 65 75 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 365 185 180 365 185 180
Urdu 7,180 3,620 3,565 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 21,745 10,740 11,010 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 510 280 235 510 280 235
Pashto 925 460 465 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 20,310 10,005 10,305 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 120 120 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 167,190 79,835 87,355 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 110 50 60 110 50 60
Italian 32,935 14,595 18,340 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 17,260 8,250 9,005 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 24,520 12,000 12,525 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 92,330 44,920 47,415 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 35 20 15
Japanese 1,050 425 620 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 70 35 35
Georgian 70 40 35 70 40 35
Korean 3,540 1,630 1,910 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 145 70 75 145 70 75
Mongolian 145 70 75 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 7,250 3,450 3,800 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 445 215 235 445 215 235
Bamanankan 265 135 125 265 135 125
Edo 10 5 5 10 5 5
Ewe 140 60 80 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 530 255 280 530 255 280
Ga 15 5 10 15 5 10
Ganda 5 5 5 5 5 5
Igbo 15 10 10 15 10 10
Lingala 625 270 355 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,110 510 600 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 530 225 305 530 225 305
Shona 20 10 10 20 10 10
Swahili 1,100 535 565 1,100 535 565
Wolof 1,035 555 480 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 55 25 25 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,350 635 710 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 130 65 65
Sign languages 1,770 1,000 775 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 90 35 50 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 700 360 340 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 985 600 385 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 60,370 28,925 31,450 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 60,155 28,805 31,345 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 17,845 8,470 9,375 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 155 75 80 155 75 80
Mandarin 37,075 17,870 19,200 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,830 830 1,000 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 780 355 420 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,435 1,190 1,240 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 115 100 215 115 100
Burmese 35 15 20 35 15 20
Karenic languages 65 40 30 65 40 30
Tibetan 70 45 30 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 2,375 1,145 1,230 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 2,150 1,055 1,100 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 225 90 135 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,120 2,540 2,575 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 100 50 55 100 50 55
Turkish 4,715 2,340 2,370 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 140 75 70 140 75 70
Uzbek 105 50 55 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 65 30 35
Uralic languages 2,025 895 1,130 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 30 10 20 30 10 20
Finnish 50 20 30 50 20 30
Hungarian 1,945 860 1,085 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 150 90 60 150 90 60
Multiple responses 322,820 157,960 164,860 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 86,715 43,820 42,890 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 54,400 26,255 28,140 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 139,385 66,610 72,775 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 42,320 21,270 21,045 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 513,410 263,670 249,735 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 320,370 158,340 162,030 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 317,790 154,450 163,340 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 5,700 2,645 3,060 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 312,085 151,810 160,280 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 36,235 18,285 17,955 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 28,630 14,075 14,555 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 23,470 11,365 12,095 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 1,420 740 680 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,975 37,842 28,522 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,535 33,110 26,119 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,067 35,597 25,012 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,307 5,851 8,246 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,263 35,627 27,219 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,546 49,087 36,203 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,887 39,292 30,616 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,505 47,810 33,079 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,590 7,846 9,229 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,382 45,974 34,313 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,111 51,622 42,433 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,564 62,750 49,085 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.4 88.3 79.1 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.4 71.4 64.6 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.6 11.7 20.9 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 216,685 99,555 117,125 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.5 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 789,595 351,935 437,660 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 1,188,135 476,630 711,500 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 976,210 428,390 547,830 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 852,735 414,105 438,625 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 747,995 378,215 369,780 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 540,265 292,110 248,150 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 375,935 214,805 161,130 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 286,025 164,240 121,790 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 189,350 113,715 75,635 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 122,750 80,090 42,660 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 348,620 246,360 102,255 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 236,515 164,145 72,370 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 112,105 82,215 29,885 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 215,120 99,375 115,750 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.0 96.6 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 822,725 359,045 463,675 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 1,246,480 505,165 741,315 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 1,192,885 541,080 651,810 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 1,096,510 553,200 543,315 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 793,150 425,040 368,115 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 498,475 283,130 215,345 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 309,415 180,470 128,945 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 167,895 108,500 59,395 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 291,635 205,155 86,485 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 95,010 64,670 30,335 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 55,980 39,080 16,905 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 140,645 101,405 39,240 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 69.8 73.9 65.8 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 606,300 311,780 294,520 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 367,030 162,150 204,885 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 681,920 305,995 375,920 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 586,140 269,950 316,195 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 565,425 277,135 288,285 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 476,665 247,105 229,560 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 359,180 203,580 155,600 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 266,650 156,255 110,395 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 224,040 129,890 94,150 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 494,440 344,585 149,855 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 139,830 90,295 49,540 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 93,860 64,160 29,700 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 260,745 190,125 70,620 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 3,531,665 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,822 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,207 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,175,230 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,574 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,469 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 2,356,430 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,645 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,665 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 3,531,665 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,306 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,404 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,174,695 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,042 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,262 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 2,356,970 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,878 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,426 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 3,531,665 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 47,170 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 56,315 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 119,570 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 180,865 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 179,690 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 154,150 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 185,000 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 184,435 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 179,855 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 170,445 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 313,600 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 273,620 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 241,940 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 208,620 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 176,355 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 860,030 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 327,435 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 204,105 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 192,155 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 136,335 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,531,660 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 50,445 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 57,335 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 120,860 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 190,300 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 202,905 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 187,365 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 231,765 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 225,695 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 211,990 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,760 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 363,775 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 309,825 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 256,150 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 208,765 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 166,295 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 545,440 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 269,170 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 130,225 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 146,045 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 2,261,890 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,378 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,152 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 930,195 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,075 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,224 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 911,980 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,246 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,844 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 364,085 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,708 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,805 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 2,262,045 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,863 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,060 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 929,645 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,304 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,167 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 912,560 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,835 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,279 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 363,610 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,753 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,052 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,433,210 711,180 722,030 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,195 31,526 27,210 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,706 28,214 25,434 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,430,625 708,225 722,405 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,684 39,840 35,571 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,513 32,729 30,321 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 747,785 368,385 379,395 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 898,605 408,705 489,900 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 997,185 481,975 515,210 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 996,230 490,275 505,960 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 938,080 467,425 470,655 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 881,640 444,865 436,775 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 806,685 409,470 397,220 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 700,450 357,000 343,455 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 557,160 286,195 270,960 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 441,630 227,185 214,445 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 1,564,410 800,455 763,960 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 532,410 272,790 259,625 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 1,335,220 620,210 715,010 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,160,190 542,405 617,785 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 222,955 114,410 108,540 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 75,270 38,595 36,670 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 688,130 334,825 353,305 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 249,110 93,170 155,930 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.6 13.8 15.4 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 14.3 14.3 14.2 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.4 14.0 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 18.7 15.0 21.8 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 731,340 358,085 373,260 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 129,325 66,400 62,925 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 44,375 22,705 21,675 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 514,540 261,485 253,060 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 87,475 30,205 57,270 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 10.5 10.0 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 6.6 4.9 8.0 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 1,610,980 776,265 834,720 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 50,890 25,190 25,700 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 37,515 18,545 18,965 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 34,415 17,050 17,370 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 9,850 4,735 5,115 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 10 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 775 385 385 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 260 130 130 260 130 130
Plains Cree 10 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 35 25 10 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 15 0 10
Woods Cree 10 10 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 17,175 8,600 8,575 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 885 460 420 885 460 420
Malecite 10 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 880 460 425 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,340 1,105 1,235 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 2,240 1,055 1,185 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 105 50 50 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 15 10 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 10 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 12,595 6,270 6,330 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 12,485 6,210 6,270 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 740 360 375 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 690 350 335 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 10 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 10 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 90 40 55 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,560,375 751,215 809,160 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 301,035 157,545 143,490 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 27,595 14,650 12,945 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 16,170 8,580 7,590 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 11,580 6,150 5,425 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 1,550 745 805 1,550 745 805
Bilen 35 20 10 35 20 10
Oromo 45 30 10 45 30 10
Somali 1,460 680 780 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 286,625 149,970 136,660 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 1,145 540 600 1,145 540 600
Arabic 267,965 140,280 127,685 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 95 95 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 18,035 9,490 8,540 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 40 10 25 40 10 25
Tigrigna 420 195 225 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 810 430 380 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 46,050 21,955 24,095 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,840 5,620 6,220 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 34,580 16,520 18,060 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 31,230 11,820 19,410 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 105 45 60 105 45 60
Cebuano 1,105 360 750 1,105 360 750
Fijian 15 0 10 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 540 195 350 540 195 350
Ilocano 2,500 890 1,610 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 1,980 940 1,040 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 1,210 525 690 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 95 100 195 95 100
Pangasinan 60 20 40 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 26,705 9,785 16,915 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 55 10 45 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 540 270 275 540 270 275
Creole languages 115,445 51,970 63,475 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 4,910 2,285 2,620 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 108,315 48,615 59,705 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,835 1,390 1,445 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 18,710 9,495 9,210 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 415 210 205 415 210 205
Malayalam 510 285 220 510 285 220
Tamil 17,245 8,680 8,565 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 930 540 390 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 35 15 25 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 912,945 435,785 477,155 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 3,375 1,730 1,645 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 20,290 9,790 10,500 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 88,425 41,725 46,700 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 1,080 500 585 1,080 500 585
Latvian 335 150 185 335 150 185
Lithuanian 755 350 410 755 350 410
Slavic languages 87,520 41,315 46,205 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 365 150 215 365 150 215
Bosnian 1,975 990 985 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 7,345 3,595 3,750 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 3,580 1,760 1,820 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 2,070 975 1,095 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 285 140 145 285 140 145
Polish 17,760 8,090 9,665 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 46,665 22,265 24,400 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 4,050 1,980 2,070 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 2,385 1,140 1,245 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 1,520 705 820 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 970 490 480 970 490 480
Ukrainian 9,015 3,885 5,135 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 150 75 75
Celtic languages 495 305 195 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 155 95 65 155 95 65
Welsh 85 45 40 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 265 175 95 265 175 95
Germanic languages 63,370 31,835 31,530 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 415 260 150 415 260 150
Danish 835 410 420 835 410 420
Dutch 5,060 2,665 2,395 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 15 10 0 15 10 0
German 43,475 21,950 21,530 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 140 80 60 140 80 60
Norwegian 510 255 255 510 255 255
Swedish 1,580 785 795 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 760 265 495 760 265 495
Yiddish 12,375 6,225 6,155 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 270 125 140
Greek 51,060 25,520 25,540 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 93,655 48,040 45,615 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 59,570 30,870 28,700 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 12,870 6,610 6,260 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 7,950 3,860 4,090 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 15,570 8,285 7,280 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 45 35 15 45 35 15
Konkani 150 70 75 150 70 75
Marathi 475 240 230 475 240 230
Nepali 1,445 725 720 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 55 35 20 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,860 9,690 8,165 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 500 240 255 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,335 625 710 1,335 625 710
Urdu 16,545 8,655 7,890 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 35,420 17,830 17,585 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 1,255 665 590 1,255 665 590
Pashto 1,825 1,005 825 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 32,965 16,560 16,405 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 845 425 420 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 627,545 293,620 333,920 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 890 525 365 890 525 365
Italian 173,710 84,430 89,275 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 55,100 27,620 27,475 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 42,655 20,550 22,110 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 390,355 177,610 212,745 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 490 345 145 490 345 145
Japanese 7,040 3,340 3,695 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 220 110 110 220 110 110
Georgian 215 105 110 215 105 110
Korean 6,260 2,825 3,430 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 270 135 130 270 135 130
Mongolian 265 135 130 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 52,840 26,665 26,175 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 1,800 945 855 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 2,385 1,240 1,145 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 190 95 95 190 95 95
Ewe 1,410 865 545 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 3,400 1,785 1,620 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 315 155 160 315 155 160
Ganda 90 40 55 90 40 55
Igbo 275 190 90 275 190 90
Lingala 9,630 4,430 5,200 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 4,490 2,210 2,285 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 3,535 1,640 1,895 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 150 75 80 150 75 80
Swahili 8,015 4,080 3,935 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 6,555 3,545 3,015 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 885 485 395 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 17,720 9,125 8,595 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 695 345 350 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 695 345 350 695 345 350
Sign languages 7,775 3,095 4,675 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 675 245 435 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 4,405 1,590 2,815 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,960 1,350 1,605 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 90,460 42,695 47,770 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 90,060 42,480 47,580 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 31,885 14,900 16,980 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 545 240 310 545 240 310
Mandarin 59,240 27,560 31,685 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 15 10 10 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,215 1,860 2,350 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,230 535 690 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,800 2,380 2,425 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 430 235 195 430 235 195
Burmese 140 75 60 140 75 60
Karenic languages 105 55 45 105 55 45
Tibetan 65 50 10 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 7,280 3,400 3,880 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 5,785 2,850 2,935 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 2,255 875 1,375 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 10 10
Turkic languages 12,475 6,265 6,210 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 510 275 235 510 275 235
Turkish 11,415 5,755 5,665 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 230 110 120 230 110 120
Uzbek 230 105 125 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120 235 115 120
Uralic languages 7,870 3,710 4,160 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 150 55 95 150 55 95
Finnish 500 195 305 500 195 305
Hungarian 7,215 3,450 3,765 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,140 1,170 970 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,521,230 779,620 741,610 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 379,910 188,245 191,665 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,091,310 530,325 560,980 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 238,655 117,080 121,575 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 127,340 63,150 64,190 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 187,860 89,210 98,650 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 322,280 155,785 166,495 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 140,170 67,835 72,335 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 182,115 87,945 94,165 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 215,170 105,105 110,065 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 86,065 45,765 40,295 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,091,305 530,325 560,980 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 112,930 54,600 58,330 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 174,020 87,165 86,855 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 215,350 98,880 116,475 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 515,770 256,095 259,675 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 73,230 33,590 39,640 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,091,305 530,330 560,980 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 247,505 113,190 134,315 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 7,345 3,515 3,830 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 25,580 11,645 13,935 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 11,120 5,500 5,615 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 2,490 1,085 1,410 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 80,965 35,375 45,585 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 4,665 2,040 2,625 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 15,820 7,090 8,730 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 13,265 5,945 7,325 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 4,075 1,840 2,240 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 25,955 12,800 13,155 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 56,235 26,370 29,870 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 311,090 154,910 156,185 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,785 1,890 1,895 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 2,140 1,085 1,050 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 81,225 43,490 37,735 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 9,750 4,365 5,390 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 18,420 9,135 9,285 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 3,325 1,620 1,700 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 820 485 330 820 485 330
Italy 51,025 25,370 25,655 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 1,990 1,035 955 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 10,735 4,675 6,060 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 18,985 9,185 9,800 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 28,695 13,695 15,005 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 11,355 4,975 6,375 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,790 830 960 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 8,670 3,800 4,870 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,905 6,645 6,260 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 45,500 22,630 22,870 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 241,410 125,250 116,165 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 59,465 31,180 28,280 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 19,490 10,290 9,200 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 995 495 495 995 495 495
Kenya 785 355 430 785 355 430
Morocco 60,700 31,435 29,270 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 1,340 740 600 1,340 740 600
Somalia 580 270 310 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 865 475 385 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 97,200 50,005 47,190 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 289,825 136,175 153,655 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 7,280 3,640 3,640 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 7,940 3,990 3,950 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 49,555 19,905 29,655 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,730 2,290 2,435 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 17,865 9,195 8,670 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 17,760 8,880 8,885 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 3,735 1,960 1,775 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 1,725 395 1,330 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,230 1,995 2,230 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 39,135 20,800 18,340 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 10,010 5,260 4,750 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 24,410 9,040 15,370 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 10,715 5,335 5,380 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 17,775 8,800 8,980 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 2,735 1,100 1,635 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 25,440 11,765 13,675 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 44,795 21,840 22,950 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,480 805 670 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 215,170 105,105 110,065 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 47,710 22,625 25,085 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 3,010 1,495 1,520 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 7,540 3,465 4,075 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 2,565 1,260 1,315 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 16,880 7,690 9,190 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 190 140 55 190 140 55
Mexico 4,210 1,955 2,255 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,990 2,265 1,720 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,955 935 1,020 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 7,365 3,425 3,935 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 39,320 20,085 19,235 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 20,030 10,855 9,175 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 580 250 330 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 105 35 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 3,750 1,695 2,055 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania