Census Profile, 2016 Census
Quebec [Province] and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Quebec

[Province]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Quebec [Province]  Map : Quebec [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 8,164,361 ... ... 4,067,175 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 7,903,001 ... ... 3,645,257 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 11.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 3,858,943 ... ... 1,654,129 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 3,531,663 ... ... 1,527,678 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.0 ... ... 6.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,356,625.27 ... ... 640,330.46 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 1,333,260 682,535 650,720 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 444,930 227,965 216,970 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 469,165 240,225 228,940 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 419,160 214,345 204,815 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 429,825 219,070 210,755 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 500,100 252,600 247,500 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 495,410 248,030 247,380 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 515,505 256,440 259,070 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 550,540 274,595 275,945 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 506,525 254,100 252,425 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 519,425 260,410 259,015 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 619,435 309,070 310,370 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 636,475 314,190 322,285 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 562,670 276,140 286,535 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 1,495,195 669,590 825,605 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 488,175 236,395 251,775 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 373,590 176,905 196,690 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 256,905 116,020 140,890 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 187,835 78,390 109,450 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 188,685 61,885 126,805 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 120,635 43,795 76,840 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 53,165 15,155 38,015 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 13,035 2,685 10,350 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 1,850 255 1,600 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.7 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 65.4 66.3 64.4 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 18.3 16.7 19.9 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 2.3 1.5 3.1 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 41.9 40.9 42.9 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 42.5 41.4 43.6 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 3,531,660 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,602,680 ... ... 946,225 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 187,800 ... ... 62,395 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,717,680 ... ... 471,090 ... ...
Semi-detached house 188,245 ... ... 86,765 ... ...
Row house 93,350 ... ... 116,625 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 265,195 ... ... 43,090 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,154,955 ... ... 223,360 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15,940 ... ... 1,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 23,505 ... ... 47,970 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 3,531,665 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
1 person 1,175,230 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
2 persons 1,227,765 ... ... 524,415 ... ...
3 persons 489,460 ... ... 245,075 ... ...
4 persons 426,250 ... ... 233,770 ... ...
5 or more persons 212,960 ... ... 158,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 7,965,455 ... ... 3,978,145 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 1,501,160 752,025 749,135 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 103,625 46,390 57,240 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 483,195 194,430 288,760 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 389,555 84,345 305,210 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 2,257,560 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
2 persons 1,204,955 ... ... 540,850 ... ...
3 persons 466,310 ... ... 235,245 ... ...
4 persons 412,160 ... ... 227,165 ... ...
5 or more persons 174,140 ... ... 111,330 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 2,257,560 ... ... 1,114,585 ... ...
Total couple families 1,878,095 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Married couples 1,128,355 ... ... 793,195 ... ...
Common-law couples 749,740 ... ... 160,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 379,460 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
Female parent 284,900 ... ... 123,490 ... ...
Male parent 94,565 ... ... 37,770 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,878,095 ... ... 953,325 ... ...
Couples without children 970,260 ... ... 443,665 ... ...
Couples with children 907,840 ... ... 509,655 ... ...
1 child 356,640 ... ... 190,010 ... ...
2 children 384,875 ... ... 213,910 ... ...
3 or more children 166,315 ... ... 105,735 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 379,465 ... ... 161,260 ... ...
1 child 234,695 ... ... 97,180 ... ...
2 children 109,670 ... ... 45,235 ... ...
3 or more children 35,100 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,579,070 775,765 803,305 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 3,531,660 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 2,197,340 ... ... 1,039,985 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 947,305 ... ... 414,570 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,250,040 ... ... 625,415 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 29,595 ... ... 36,120 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,304,725 ... ... 451,570 ... ...
One-person households 1,175,230 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 129,500 ... ... 85,490 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 372,445 187,595 184,860 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 75,065 31,000 44,060 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 964,120 482,985 481,135 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 278,710 144,060 134,655 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 72,775 29,845 42,930 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,103,480 555,015 548,465 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 13.7 14.0 13.4 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 601,155 301,860 299,300 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 1,060,830 517,700 543,125 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 45,570 22,530 23,040 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 33,140 16,365 16,770 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 5 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 31,430 15,575 15,855 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,715 4,155 4,555 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 590 285 305 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 135 55 80 50 15 35
Plains Cree 5 0 5 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 35 15 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 10 5 5 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 15,790 7,920 7,875 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 485 225 260 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 485 220 260 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,215 565 645 550 235 315
Algonquin 1,185 555 630 5 0 5
Ojibway 20 10 15 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 5 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,970 5,955 6,015 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 11,895 5,925 5,970 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 375 165 210 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 365 160 210 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 30 35 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,015,260 495,175 520,090 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 197,535 104,185 93,355 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 20,845 11,125 9,720 340 190 145
Kabyle 12,470 6,625 5,840 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,375 4,500 3,875 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 1,125 545 580 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 10 10 5 315 185 130
Oromo 15 10 5 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 1,075 515 560 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 40 20 20
Semitic languages 175,215 92,310 82,900 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 745 340 405 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 169,890 89,590 80,300 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 150 80 70 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 145 80 65
Harari 0 5 5 260 135 120
Hebrew 3,885 2,040 1,845 960 505 460
Maltese 25 10 15 75 30 40
Tigrigna 385 185 205 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 200 155 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 36,305 17,030 19,275 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 8,855 4,105 4,750 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 27,425 12,920 14,505 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 21,635 7,800 13,835 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 115 35 80 425 205 225
Cebuano 885 270 610 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 0 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 410 125 275 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 2,060 745 1,315 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 1,250 590 660 35 10 25
Malay 705 265 440 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 205 90 110 765 370 390
Pangasinan 95 40 50 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,545 5,480 10,065 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 50 10 40 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 320 140 180 980 430 550
Creole languages 56,990 25,220 31,770 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 2,220 1,055 1,170 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 53,785 23,675 30,110 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 980 490 490 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 14,865 7,435 7,430 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 240 130 110 535 270 265
Malayalam 440 235 205 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 13,600 6,715 6,880 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 570 345 230 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 553,045 269,625 283,420 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 2,795 1,420 1,370 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 16,430 7,970 8,460 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 68,155 30,960 37,195 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 850 335 515 1,010 475 535
Latvian 290 120 175 415 195 220
Lithuanian 555 215 340 600 285 315
Slavic languages 67,310 30,630 36,675 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 80 45 35 65 30 30
Bosnian 1,620 805 815 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 6,985 3,385 3,600 1,545 790 755
Croatian 2,330 1,165 1,170 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 1,465 690 775 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 205 105 95 360 185 175
Polish 13,935 6,065 7,865 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 28,565 12,715 15,850 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 3,140 1,590 1,545 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 1,805 865 940 970 480 485
Slovak 1,040 455 585 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 755 350 405 695 320 370
Ukrainian 5,210 2,285 2,920 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85 215 120 100
Celtic languages 155 95 60 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 10 135 70 65
Welsh 40 20 20 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 90 55 30 65 40 25
Germanic languages 27,540 13,280 14,260 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 125 60 65 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 395 190 200 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 2,825 1,395 1,430 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 10 10 0 360 200 160
German 13,670 6,340 7,330 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 65 30 35 115 55 60
Norwegian 200 100 100 815 370 445
Swedish 555 255 300 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 540 240 300 320 150 170
Yiddish 8,985 4,560 4,420 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 55 30 25
Greek 38,635 19,435 19,205 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 76,040 39,205 36,835 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 45,845 23,875 21,970 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 10,995 5,620 5,380 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 6,070 2,980 3,090 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 3,030 1,635 1,390 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 20 15 5 105 60 50
Konkani 110 60 55 370 190 185
Marathi 255 145 110 1,510 775 730
Nepali 1,505 740 765 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,380 6,720 5,660 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 330 160 165 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 645 310 330 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 10,470 5,460 5,010 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 29,760 15,105 14,655 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 985 550 430 1,550 845 705
Pashto 1,285 680 610 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 27,490 13,875 13,615 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 323,290 157,260 166,030 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 320 170 150 75 30 45
Italian 104,600 51,705 52,895 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 36,770 17,735 19,035 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 35,840 17,170 18,665 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 145,635 70,405 75,235 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 125 75 50 35 20 15
Japanese 2,525 775 1,750 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 170 80 85 230 130 105
Georgian 170 80 90 230 130 100
Korean 5,160 2,270 2,890 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 190 75 115 545 255 290
Mongolian 195 80 115 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 28,355 14,360 13,995 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 1,050 520 525 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 1,200 655 545 35 20 15
Edo 75 45 30 275 155 120
Ewe 730 400 325 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,055 1,080 970 230 120 100
Ga 80 40 40 145 80 65
Ganda 35 15 20 280 145 135
Igbo 120 70 50 1,165 625 540
Lingala 2,465 1,185 1,285 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,345 1,600 1,745 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,500 1,115 1,380 805 405 400
Shona 85 45 40 1,100 545 555
Swahili 3,010 1,460 1,545 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 3,230 1,745 1,485 280 165 110
Yoruba 255 155 100 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,135 4,235 3,895 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 345 180 165 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 5 5 0 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 335 170 165 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 1,330 700 630 830 440 390
American Sign Language 65 35 30 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 670 330 340 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 595 340 255 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 76,840 35,775 41,065 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 76,490 35,600 40,895 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 24,375 11,505 12,875 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 470 215 260 990 465 530
Mandarin 43,700 20,175 23,525 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 20 10 15 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,225 1,480 1,745 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,075 465 605 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,535 1,710 1,825 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 345 175 170 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 80 30 50 430 230 200
Karenic languages 70 40 30 795 415 380
Tibetan 110 65 50 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 4,895 2,185 2,710 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 4,115 1,995 2,120 1,020 485 535
Thai 765 180 585 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 20 10 15
Turkic languages 7,980 4,095 3,880 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 290 160 130 365 215 155
Turkish 7,155 3,685 3,470 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 205 100 105 130 70 60
Uzbek 145 70 75 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 185 80 105 215 95 120
Uralic languages 6,400 2,985 3,410 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 195 75 120 190 90 105
Finnish 360 125 240 810 330 480
Hungarian 5,835 2,790 3,045 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 685 385 300 690 415 280
Multiple responses 184,905 92,600 92,310 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 72,395 36,695 35,695 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 27,485 13,545 13,945 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 67,075 33,110 33,970 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 17,950 9,245 8,705 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 782,185 391,125 391,060 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 585,890 283,150 302,735 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 40,190 20,205 19,980 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 28,695 14,385 14,310 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 28,110 14,105 14,005 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 7,375 3,590 3,790 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 590 295 290 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 60 30 30 20 10 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 15 5 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 5 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 14,590 7,355 7,235 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 220 115 110 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 220 110 105 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 370 170 200 190 95 95
Algonquin 360 165 195 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,375 5,770 5,615 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 11,350 5,750 5,600 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 70 35 30 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 10 25 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 545,695 262,940 282,755 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 91,660 46,550 45,110 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 7,495 3,895 3,605 200 105 95
Kabyle 5,105 2,660 2,450 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,390 1,235 1,150 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 535 240 295 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 5 0 5 280 160 115
Oromo 5 0 0 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 520 230 290 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 83,520 42,365 41,160 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 340 150 185 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 81,105 41,150 39,955 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 95 50 45 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 95 50 40
Harari 5 0 5 165 80 85
Hebrew 1,705 880 825 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 205 95 105 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,980 11,675 13,305 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 5,180 2,370 2,805 960 460 500
Vietnamese 19,790 9,295 10,495 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 9,715 3,960 5,750 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 15 5 10 70 40 35
Cebuano 230 100 125 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 130 55 75 470 215 255
Ilocano 740 305 435 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 360 185 170 20 10 10
Malay 175 85 95 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 220 110 110
Pangasinan 10 5 10 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,905 3,150 4,760 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 280 120 155
Creole languages 20,705 8,780 11,925 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 855 380 475 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 19,405 8,200 11,210 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 440 200 240 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 11,400 5,595 5,805 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 150 85 65 210 105 105
Malayalam 200 100 100 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 10,720 5,215 5,500 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 330 190 135 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 15 5 5 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 303,215 146,100 157,115 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 1,615 795 820 1,060 570 485
Armenian 11,990 5,680 6,310 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 40,405 19,085 21,325 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 190 80 105 410 210 200
Latvian 75 40 40 165 85 80
Lithuanian 115 40 70 250 125 120
Slavic languages 40,220 19,000 21,220 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 25 15 15 15 10 5
Bosnian 965 475 495 785 400 385
Bulgarian 5,125 2,495 2,630 825 415 405
Croatian 1,015 475 545 1,800 905 895
Czech 460 220 240 875 440 430
Macedonian 130 65 65 175 90 85
Polish 5,970 2,695 3,270 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 20,680 9,775 10,900 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 2,010 1,020 990 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 960 470 490 315 160 155
Slovak 245 120 130 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 95 135 150 70 75
Ukrainian 2,365 1,060 1,300 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 55 30 25
Celtic languages 30 20 10 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 15 5
Welsh 10 10 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5 10 5 0
Germanic languages 9,890 4,980 4,905 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 15 10 10 1,705 835 875
Danish 50 25 25 150 75 75
Dutch 375 170 205 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 2,550 1,190 1,365 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 30 15 20 30 15 15
Norwegian 20 5 10 60 20 35
Swedish 105 50 60 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 40 60 30 25
Yiddish 6,665 3,485 3,180 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 425 215 210
Greek 18,545 8,865 9,680 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 53,555 26,845 26,710 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 31,575 15,985 15,585 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 8,180 4,055 4,125 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 3,840 1,860 1,985 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 1,535 790 745 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 5 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 30 15 15 75 40 40
Marathi 80 40 40 845 440 405
Nepali 1,355 655 700 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,840 4,690 4,155 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 135 65 75 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 365 185 180 1,480 750 730
Urdu 7,180 3,620 3,565 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 21,745 10,740 11,010 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 510 280 235 850 440 410
Pashto 925 460 465 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 20,310 10,005 10,305 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 120 120 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 167,190 79,835 87,355 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 110 50 60 35 10 20
Italian 32,935 14,595 18,340 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 17,260 8,250 9,005 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 24,520 12,000 12,525 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 92,330 44,920 47,415 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 10 5 5
Japanese 1,050 425 620 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 160 85 70
Georgian 70 40 35 160 85 70
Korean 3,540 1,630 1,910 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 145 70 75 335 160 175
Mongolian 145 70 75 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 7,250 3,450 3,800 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 445 215 235 845 415 430
Bamanankan 265 135 125 10 10 0
Edo 10 5 5 70 35 35
Ewe 140 60 80 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 530 255 280 105 55 45
Ga 15 5 10 40 20 20
Ganda 5 5 5 95 50 50
Igbo 15 10 10 265 125 145
Lingala 625 270 355 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,110 510 600 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 530 225 305 350 175 170
Shona 20 10 10 410 190 225
Swahili 1,100 535 565 1,090 530 565
Wolof 1,035 555 480 170 95 75
Yoruba 55 25 25 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,350 635 710 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 1,525 765 755
Dinka 0 0 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 725 350 375
Sign languages 1,770 1,000 775 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 90 35 50 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 700 360 340 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 985 600 385 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 60,370 28,925 31,450 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 60,155 28,805 31,345 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 17,845 8,470 9,375 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 155 75 80 315 135 185
Mandarin 37,075 17,870 19,200 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,830 830 1,000 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 780 355 420 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,435 1,190 1,240 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 115 100 1,500 770 730
Burmese 35 15 20 280 145 130
Karenic languages 65 40 30 665 340 320
Tibetan 70 45 30 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 2,375 1,145 1,230 1,130 505 625
Lao 2,150 1,055 1,100 465 215 245
Thai 225 90 135 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 5,120 2,540 2,575 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 100 50 55 155 90 75
Turkish 4,715 2,340 2,370 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 140 75 70 80 45 40
Uzbek 105 50 55 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 70 35 25
Uralic languages 2,025 895 1,130 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 30 10 20 25 10 15
Finnish 50 20 30 105 50 50
Hungarian 1,945 860 1,085 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 150 90 60 240 140 95
Multiple responses 322,820 157,960 164,860 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 86,715 43,820 42,890 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 54,400 26,255 28,140 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 139,385 66,610 72,775 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 42,320 21,270 21,045 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 513,410 263,670 249,735 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 320,370 158,340 162,030 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 317,790 154,450 163,340 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 5,700 2,645 3,060 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 312,085 151,810 160,280 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 36,235 18,285 17,955 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 28,630 14,075 14,555 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 23,470 11,365 12,095 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 1,420 740 680 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,975 37,842 28,522 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,535 33,110 26,119 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,067 35,597 25,012 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,307 5,851 8,246 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,263 35,627 27,219 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,546 49,087 36,203 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,887 39,292 30,616 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,505 47,810 33,079 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,590 7,846 9,229 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,382 45,974 34,313 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,111 51,622 42,433 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,564 62,750 49,085 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.4 88.3 79.1 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.4 71.4 64.6 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.6 11.7 20.9 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 216,685 99,555 117,125 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.5 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 789,595 351,935 437,660 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 1,188,135 476,630 711,500 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 976,210 428,390 547,830 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 852,735 414,105 438,625 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 747,995 378,215 369,780 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 540,265 292,110 248,150 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 375,935 214,805 161,130 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 286,025 164,240 121,790 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 189,350 113,715 75,635 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 122,750 80,090 42,660 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 348,620 246,360 102,255 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 236,515 164,145 72,370 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 112,105 82,215 29,885 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 215,120 99,375 115,750 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.0 96.6 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 822,725 359,045 463,675 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 1,246,480 505,165 741,315 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 1,192,885 541,080 651,810 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 1,096,510 553,200 543,315 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 793,150 425,040 368,115 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 498,475 283,130 215,345 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 309,415 180,470 128,945 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 167,895 108,500 59,395 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 291,635 205,155 86,485 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 95,010 64,670 30,335 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 55,980 39,080 16,905 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 140,645 101,405 39,240 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 69.8 73.9 65.8 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 606,300 311,780 294,520 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 367,030 162,150 204,885 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 681,920 305,995 375,920 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 586,140 269,950 316,195 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 565,425 277,135 288,285 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 476,665 247,105 229,560 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 359,180 203,580 155,600 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 266,650 156,255 110,395 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 224,040 129,890 94,150 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 494,440 344,585 149,855 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 139,830 90,295 49,540 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 93,860 64,160 29,700 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 260,745 190,125 70,620 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 3,531,665 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,822 ... ... 93,835 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,207 ... ... 80,300 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,175,230 ... ... 366,080 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,574 ... ... 47,948 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,469 ... ... 41,502 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 2,356,430 ... ... 1,161,600 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,645 ... ... 111,435 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,665 ... ... 94,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 3,531,665 ... ... 1,527,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,306 ... ... 125,522 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,404 ... ... 101,361 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,174,695 ... ... 365,000 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,042 ... ... 64,341 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,262 ... ... 52,116 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 2,356,970 ... ... 1,162,675 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,878 ... ... 144,729 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,426 ... ... 116,821 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 3,531,665 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 47,170 ... ... 21,660 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 56,315 ... ... 13,555 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 119,570 ... ... 18,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 180,865 ... ... 33,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 179,690 ... ... 51,505 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 154,150 ... ... 38,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 185,000 ... ... 42,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 184,435 ... ... 46,630 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 179,855 ... ... 46,520 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 170,445 ... ... 46,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 313,600 ... ... 95,425 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 273,620 ... ... 95,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 241,940 ... ... 92,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 208,620 ... ... 88,775 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 176,355 ... ... 84,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 860,030 ... ... 712,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 327,435 ... ... 184,595 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 204,105 ... ... 142,910 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 192,155 ... ... 181,960 ... ...
$200,000 and over 136,335 ... ... 202,745 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,531,660 ... ... 1,527,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 50,445 ... ... 23,395 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 57,335 ... ... 13,860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 120,860 ... ... 18,600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 190,300 ... ... 34,540 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 202,905 ... ... 55,010 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 187,365 ... ... 44,170 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 231,765 ... ... 50,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 225,695 ... ... 55,645 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 211,990 ... ... 57,695 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,760 ... ... 59,195 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 363,775 ... ... 119,200 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 309,825 ... ... 116,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 256,150 ... ... 112,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 208,765 ... ... 106,235 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 166,295 ... ... 95,600 ... ...
$100,000 and over 545,440 ... ... 565,335 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 269,170 ... ... 192,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 130,225 ... ... 132,240 ... ...
$150,000 and over 146,045 ... ... 240,305 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 2,261,890 ... ... 1,099,900 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,378 ... ... 109,997 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,152 ... ... 93,588 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 930,195 ... ... 407,300 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,075 ... ... 101,283 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,224 ... ... 86,043 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 911,980 ... ... 511,375 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,246 ... ... 133,186 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,844 ... ... 111,951 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 364,085 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,708 ... ... 62,909 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,805 ... ... 57,079 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 2,262,045 ... ... 1,101,485 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,863 ... ... 144,493 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,060 ... ... 116,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 929,645 ... ... 408,625 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,304 ... ... 137,805 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,167 ... ... 110,236 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 912,560 ... ... 512,615 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,835 ... ... 169,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,279 ... ... 135,623 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 363,610 ... ... 145,115 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,753 ... ... 80,406 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,052 ... ... 68,470 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,433,210 711,180 722,030 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,195 31,526 27,210 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,706 28,214 25,434 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,430,625 708,225 722,405 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,684 39,840 35,571 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,513 32,729 30,321 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 747,785 368,385 379,395 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 898,605 408,705 489,900 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 997,185 481,975 515,210 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 996,230 490,275 505,960 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 938,080 467,425 470,655 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 881,640 444,865 436,775 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 806,685 409,470 397,220 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 700,450 357,000 343,455 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 557,160 286,195 270,960 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 441,630 227,185 214,445 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 1,564,410 800,455 763,960 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 532,410 272,790 259,625 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 1,335,220 620,210 715,010 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,160,190 542,405 617,785 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 222,955 114,410 108,540 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 75,270 38,595 36,670 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 688,130 334,825 353,305 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 249,110 93,170 155,930 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.6 13.8 15.4 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 14.3 14.3 14.2 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 14.1 14.1 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.4 14.0 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 18.7 15.0 21.8 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 731,340 358,085 373,260 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 129,325 66,400 62,925 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 44,375 22,705 21,675 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 514,540 261,485 253,060 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 87,475 30,205 57,270 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 10.5 10.0 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 6.6 4.9 8.0 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 1,610,980 776,265 834,720 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 50,890 25,190 25,700 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 37,515 18,545 18,965 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 34,415 17,050 17,370 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 9,850 4,735 5,115 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 10 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 775 385 385 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 260 130 130 90 20 70
Plains Cree 10 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 35 25 10 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 45 25 25
Woods Cree 10 10 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 17,175 8,600 8,575 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 885 460 420 35 15 15
Malecite 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 880 460 425 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,340 1,105 1,235 955 425 530
Algonquin 2,240 1,055 1,185 10 10 0
Ojibway 105 50 50 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 15 10 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 10 0 10 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 10 10 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 12,595 6,270 6,330 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 12,485 6,210 6,270 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 740 360 375 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 690 350 335 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 10 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 10 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 90 40 55 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,560,375 751,215 809,160 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 301,035 157,545 143,490 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 27,595 14,650 12,945 540 335 205
Kabyle 16,170 8,580 7,590 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 11,580 6,150 5,425 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 1,550 745 805 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 35 20 10 370 235 135
Oromo 45 30 10 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 1,460 680 780 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 286,625 149,970 136,660 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 1,145 540 600 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 267,965 140,280 127,685 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 95 95 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 18,035 9,490 8,540 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 40 10 25 145 85 55
Tigrigna 420 195 225 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 810 430 380 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 46,050 21,955 24,095 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,840 5,620 6,220 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 34,580 16,520 18,060 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 31,230 11,820 19,410 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 105 45 60 330 150 180
Cebuano 1,105 360 750 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 15 0 10 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 540 195 350 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 2,500 890 1,610 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 1,980 940 1,040 80 40 40
Malay 1,210 525 690 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 95 100 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 60 20 40 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 26,705 9,785 16,915 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 55 10 45 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 540 270 275 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 115,445 51,970 63,475 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 4,910 2,285 2,620 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 108,315 48,615 59,705 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,835 1,390 1,445 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 18,710 9,495 9,210 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 415 210 205 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 510 285 220 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 17,245 8,680 8,565 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 930 540 390 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 35 15 25 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 912,945 435,785 477,155 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 3,375 1,730 1,645 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 20,290 9,790 10,500 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 88,425 41,725 46,700 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 1,080 500 585 1,360 660 705
Latvian 335 150 185 590 300 290
Lithuanian 755 350 410 775 360 415
Slavic languages 87,520 41,315 46,205 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 365 150 215 200 95 105
Bosnian 1,975 990 985 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 7,345 3,595 3,750 1,795 945 850
Croatian 3,580 1,760 1,820 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 2,070 975 1,095 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 285 140 145 535 270 265
Polish 17,760 8,090 9,665 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 46,665 22,265 24,400 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 4,050 1,980 2,070 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 2,385 1,140 1,245 1,095 550 540
Slovak 1,520 705 820 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 970 490 480 735 360 375
Ukrainian 9,015 3,885 5,135 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 250 120 130
Celtic languages 495 305 195 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 155 95 65 440 215 225
Welsh 85 45 40 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 265 175 95 450 220 225
Germanic languages 63,370 31,835 31,530 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 415 260 150 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 835 410 420 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 5,060 2,665 2,395 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 15 10 0 475 275 205
German 43,475 21,950 21,530 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 140 80 60 160 70 95
Norwegian 510 255 255 1,450 635 810
Swedish 1,580 785 795 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 760 265 495 380 170 215
Yiddish 12,375 6,225 6,155 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 51,060 25,520 25,540 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 93,655 48,040 45,615 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 59,570 30,870 28,700 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 12,870 6,610 6,260 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 7,950 3,860 4,090 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 15,570 8,285 7,280 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 45 35 15 125 80 45
Konkani 150 70 75 625 300 320
Marathi 475 240 230 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 1,445 725 720 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 55 35 20 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,860 9,690 8,165 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 500 240 255 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,335 625 710 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 16,545 8,655 7,890 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 35,420 17,830 17,585 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 1,255 665 590 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 1,825 1,005 825 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 32,965 16,560 16,405 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 845 425 420 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 627,545 293,620 333,920 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 890 525 365 170 95 80
Italian 173,710 84,430 89,275 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 55,100 27,620 27,475 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 42,655 20,550 22,110 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 390,355 177,610 212,745 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 490 345 145 250 130 125
Japanese 7,040 3,340 3,695 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 220 110 110 225 130 100
Georgian 215 105 110 230 130 100
Korean 6,260 2,825 3,430 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 270 135 130 800 375 430
Mongolian 265 135 130 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 52,840 26,665 26,175 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 1,800 945 855 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 2,385 1,240 1,145 60 30 30
Edo 190 95 95 620 325 290
Ewe 1,410 865 545 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 3,400 1,785 1,620 300 165 135
Ga 315 155 160 345 190 155
Ganda 90 40 55 610 305 305
Igbo 275 190 90 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 9,630 4,430 5,200 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 4,490 2,210 2,285 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 3,535 1,640 1,895 1,155 605 550
Shona 150 75 80 1,810 850 960
Swahili 8,015 4,080 3,935 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 6,555 3,545 3,015 600 365 235
Yoruba 885 485 395 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 17,720 9,125 8,595 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 695 345 350 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 0 0 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 695 345 350 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 7,775 3,095 4,675 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 675 245 435 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 4,405 1,590 2,815 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,960 1,350 1,605 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 90,460 42,695 47,770 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 90,060 42,480 47,580 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 31,885 14,900 16,980 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 545 240 310 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 59,240 27,560 31,685 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 15 10 10 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,215 1,860 2,350 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,230 535 690 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,800 2,380 2,425 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 430 235 195 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 140 75 60 605 305 295
Karenic languages 105 55 45 805 415 390
Tibetan 65 50 10 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 7,280 3,400 3,880 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 5,785 2,850 2,935 1,520 730 795
Thai 2,255 875 1,375 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 25 25
Turkic languages 12,475 6,265 6,210 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 510 275 235 630 325 300
Turkish 11,415 5,755 5,665 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 230 110 120 290 135 155
Uzbek 230 105 125 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120 355 170 180
Uralic languages 7,870 3,710 4,160 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 150 55 95 185 85 105
Finnish 500 195 305 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 7,215 3,450 3,765 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,140 1,170 970 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,521,230 779,620 741,610 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 379,910 188,245 191,665 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,091,310 530,325 560,980 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 238,655 117,080 121,575 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 127,340 63,150 64,190 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 187,860 89,210 98,650 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 322,280 155,785 166,495 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 140,170 67,835 72,335 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 182,115 87,945 94,165 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 215,170 105,105 110,065 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 86,065 45,765 40,295 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,091,305 530,325 560,980 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 112,930 54,600 58,330 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 174,020 87,165 86,855 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 215,350 98,880 116,475 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 515,770 256,095 259,675 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 73,230 33,590 39,640 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,091,305 530,330 560,980 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 247,505 113,190 134,315 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 7,345 3,515 3,830 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 25,580 11,645 13,935 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 11,120 5,500 5,615 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 2,490 1,085 1,410 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 80,965 35,375 45,585 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 4,665 2,040 2,625 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 15,820 7,090 8,730 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 13,265 5,945 7,325 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 4,075 1,840 2,240 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 25,955 12,800 13,155 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 56,235 26,370 29,870 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 311,090 154,910 156,185 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,785 1,890 1,895 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 2,140 1,085 1,050 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 81,225 43,490 37,735 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 9,750 4,365 5,390 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 18,420 9,135 9,285 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 3,325 1,620 1,700 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 820 485 330 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 51,025 25,370 25,655 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 1,990 1,035 955 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 10,735 4,675 6,060 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 18,985 9,185 9,800 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 28,695 13,695 15,005 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 11,355 4,975 6,375 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,790 830 960 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 8,670 3,800 4,870 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,905 6,645 6,260 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 45,500 22,630 22,870 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 241,410 125,250 116,165 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 59,465 31,180 28,280 1,340 715 625
Egypt 19,490 10,290 9,200 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 995 495 495 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 785 355 430 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 60,700 31,435 29,270 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 1,340 740 600 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 580 270 310 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 865 475 385 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 97,200 50,005 47,190 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 289,825 136,175 153,655 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 7,280 3,640 3,640 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 7,940 3,990 3,950 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 49,555 19,905 29,655 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,730 2,290 2,435 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 17,865 9,195 8,670 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61 17,760 8,880 8,885 8,910 4,655 4,250
Iraq 3,735 1,960 1,775 5,935 3,205 2,730
Japan 1,725 395 1,330 3,065 905 2,160
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,230 1,995 2,230 13,850 6,530 7,320
Lebanon 39,135 20,800 18,340 10,395 5,640 4,750
Pakistan 10,010 5,260 4,750 28,075 14,630 13,445
Philippines 24,410 9,040 15,370 123,830 54,075 69,755
Sri Lanka 10,715 5,335 5,380 4,835 2,475 2,365
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 17,775 8,800 8,980 4,800 2,515 2,280
Taiwan 2,735 1,100 1,635 3,455 1,460 2,000
Viet Nam 25,440 11,765 13,675 27,080 12,645 14,435
Other places of birth in Asia 44,795 21,840 22,950 39,250 19,485 19,765
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,480 805 670 9,940 4,950 4,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 215,170 105,105 110,065 207,790 100,845 106,945
Americas 47,710 22,625 25,085 20,060 9,660 10,400
Brazil 3,010 1,495 1,520 860 370 490
Colombia 7,540 3,465 4,075 2,295 1,020 1,275
Cuba 2,565 1,260 1,315 465 215 255
Haiti 16,880 7,690 9,190 385 240 150
Jamaica 190 140 55 1,660 765 895
Mexico 4,210 1,955 2,255 4,405 2,250 2,150
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,990 2,265 1,720 4,645 2,130 2,515
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,955 935 1,020 1,570 745 820
Other places of birth in Americas 7,365 3,425 3,935 3,785 1,930 1,855
Europe 39,320 20,085 19,235 20,870 10,830 10,045
France 20,030 10,855 9,175 425 240 180
Germany 580 250 330 1,370 710 655
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 105 35 1,355 835 520
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 3,750 1,695 2,055 715 365 350
Romania 2,945 1,260 1,685