Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Nova Scotia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494 ... ... 923,598 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821 ... ... 921,727 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6 ... ... 0.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391 ... ... 458,568 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8 ... ... 17.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33 ... ... 52,942.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 923,600 446,885 476,715
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 133,825 68,370 65,455
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 42,005 21,365 20,640
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 45,980 23,650 22,330
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 45,845 23,350 22,490
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 605,950 295,100 310,845
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 51,255 26,240 25,015
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 56,160 28,150 28,010
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 53,725 26,790 26,940
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 51,730 25,130 26,600
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 52,010 24,560 27,450
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 57,050 27,245 29,805
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 61,890 29,720 32,170
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 75,675 36,615 39,065
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 76,505 36,925 39,580
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 69,960 33,735 36,225
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 183,820 83,415 100,405
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 63,710 30,810 32,905
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 45,005 21,520 23,485
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 31,545 14,520 17,030
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 21,915 9,425 12,495
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 21,645 7,140 14,505
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 13,205 4,845 8,360
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 6,320 1,830 4,485
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 1,855 415 1,430
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 270 45 225
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 14.5 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 65.6 66.0 65.2
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 19.9 18.7 21.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 43.5 42.5 44.4
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 45.5 44.5 46.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380 ... ... 263,470 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705 ... ... 21,350 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200 ... ... 102,300 ... ...
Semi-detached house 289,975 ... ... 20,465 ... ...
Row house 460,425 ... ... 10,215 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080 ... ... 12,435 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810 ... ... 58,405 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10,910 ... ... 780 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890 ... ... 14,870 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
1 person 1,341,300 ... ... 118,670 ... ...
2 persons 1,693,525 ... ... 156,825 ... ...
3 persons 834,260 ... ... 60,250 ... ...
4 persons 796,320 ... ... 44,970 ... ...
5 or more persons 503,775 ... ... 21,275 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160 ... ... 908,340 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 789,770 378,515 411,255
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 454,970 227,220 227,750
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 369,695 184,705 184,990
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 85,275 42,515 42,760
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 334,800 151,295 183,505
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 209,455 110,175 99,280
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 24,105 10,450 13,655
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 48,835 19,715 29,115
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 52,405 10,955 41,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540 ... ... 270,965 ... ...
2 persons 1,815,000 ... ... 157,600 ... ...
3 persons 844,545 ... ... 56,625 ... ...
4 persons 792,435 ... ... 41,095 ... ...
5 or more persons 330,560 ... ... 15,645 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545 ... ... 270,965 ... ...
Total couple families 3,137,570 ... ... 224,065 ... ...
Married couples 2,684,735 ... ... 181,435 ... ...
Common-law couples 452,840 ... ... 42,630 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975 ... ... 46,900 ... ...
Female parent 518,480 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Male parent 126,495 ... ... 9,305 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565 ... ... 224,065 ... ...
Couples without children 1,428,575 ... ... 128,125 ... ...
Couples with children 1,708,995 ... ... 95,940 ... ...
1 child 658,305 ... ... 43,810 ... ...
2 children 738,710 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
3 or more children 311,975 ... ... 14,535 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975 ... ... 46,900 ... ...
1 child 386,425 ... ... 29,480 ... ...
2 children 186,240 ... ... 12,810 ... ...
3 or more children 72,310 ... ... 4,610 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 175,575 81,140 94,435
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885 ... ... 260,280 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575 ... ... 124,000 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315 ... ... 136,280 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615 ... ... 5,285 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665 ... ... 136,425 ... ...
One-person households 1,341,305 ... ... 118,675 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365 ... ... 17,750 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 705 305 400
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 15 10 5
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 85 40 45 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 0 0 0
Plains Cree 35 5 30 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 5 5 0
Woods Cree 15 10 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 10 5 0 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 10 5 5
Algonquin 65 30 35 0 0 0
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 475 165 305 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 0 0 5
Inuktitut 425 145 280 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 0 0 0
Cayuga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 590 255 335 0 0 0
Oneida 55 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 5 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Dakota 5 5 5 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 725 405 320 10 10 0
Kabyle 425 225 200 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 130 65 65
Bilen 250 140 110 5 0 0
Oromo 1,445 720 730 60 30 25
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 15 5 5
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 115 50 65
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 0 0 5
Harari 1,030 485 545 0 0 0
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 210 115 95
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 15 10 5
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 5 5 5
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 595 260 330 5 5 5
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 150 60 90
Fijian 80 45 40 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 25 10 15
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 55 15 40
Malagasy 100 45 55 0 5 0
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 15 5 5
Pangasinan 535 215 315 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 20 10 15
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 1,010 595 420
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 40 20 15
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 365 205 165
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 315 185 130
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 275 130 140
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 100 35 60
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 50 20 30
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 45 15 30
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 515 230 280 5 5 5
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 120 60 65
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 55 25 30
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 225 105 115
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 205 105 100
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 20 10 15
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 795 365 435
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 1,285 615 670
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 80 40 40
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 35 15 15
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 5 5 5
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 145 65 85
Welsh 435 180 260 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 10 5 5
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 120 55 60
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 160 105 60
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 1,620 815 805
Frisian 1,240 630 620 35 20 15
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 210 100 110 45 20 20
Norwegian 940 405 540 110 60 50
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 25 10 10
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 20 5 15
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 475 290 185
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 195 125 70
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 745 445 300
Kashmiri 345 170 175 10 5 5
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 5 5 5
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 70 35 35
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 585 310 270
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 165 85 85
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 575 330 245
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 115 65 50
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 285 150 135 10 5 5
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 745 400 340
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 520 245 270
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 225 110 120
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 0 5 0
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 0 0 0
Georgian 1,200 635 565 5 0 0
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 5 5 5
Mongolian 405 180 225 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 40 25 25
Bamanankan 140 60 80 15 5 5
Edo 1,140 475 670 5 0 5
Ewe 560 270 295 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 5 5 0
Ga 600 275 325 10 5 5
Ganda 760 360 400 20 5 15
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 45 20 20
Lingala 850 365 485 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 50 15 30
Shona 1,455 660 790 30 15 15
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 135 65 70
Wolof 290 145 150 10 10 0
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 75 40 40
Dinka 345 170 175 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 55 25 25
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 190 90 100
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 1,145 535 610
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 20 5 15
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 855 405 450 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 30 15 20
Burmese 1,640 775 865 15 5 10
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 155 55 100
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 10 0 5
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 10 10 5
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 305 165 140
Uyghur 515 255 260 5 5 5
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 10 10 0
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 415 180 235
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 40 20 25
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 95 30 60
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 25 10 15
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 0 0 0
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 140 60 80 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 185 80 100 0 0 0
Oneida 20 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dakota 5 5 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 345 175 170 0 0 0
Kabyle 255 125 130 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 85 40 45
Bilen 170 80 85 5 0 5
Oromo 805 380 425 45 20 25
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 10 10 5
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 55 25 30
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 0 0 0
Harari 555 250 305 5 0 0
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 125 70 55
Maltese 1,090 505 580 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 0 0 0
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 1,140 550 585
Bikol 90 35 55 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 55 20 35
Fijian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 5 5 5
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 15 5 5
Malagasy 35 15 20 0 0 0
Malay 1,810 860 945 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 0 0 0
Pangasinan 90 40 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 0 0 0
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 425 240 185
Kannada 1,060 540 520 15 5 10
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 140 75 60
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 140 80 60
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 110 60 55
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 30 10 15
Latvian 860 350 515 10 5 10
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 15 5 10
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 175 80 90 0 0 0
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 65 30 30
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 25 15 10
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 65 25 40
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 45 25 20
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 0 0 0
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 235 105 125
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 785 385 390
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 30 15 10
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 5 5 0
Celtic languages 120 65 55 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 60 35 30
Welsh 30 10 15 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 0 0
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 755 365 390 30 15 15
Danish 280 135 150 15 0 15
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 135 70 70
Frisian 90 45 45 5 0 0
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 45 20 30 30 10 15
Norwegian 70 30 40 20 5 10
Swedish 385 190 190 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 5 5 5
Yiddish 370 190 185 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 15 5 10
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 1,850 995 860
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 250 135 115
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 100 60 35
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 310 190 120
Kashmiri 65 30 35 5 5 0
Konkani 540 260 280 0 0 0
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 30 15 15
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 250 125 125
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 95 45 50
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 340 175 165
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 960 475 480
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 85 50 40
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 1,240 595 645
Catalan 135 60 75 5 0 0
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 165 70 85
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 195 90 105
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 70 35 35
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 5 0 0
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 0 0 0
Georgian 775 420 355 0 0 0
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 0 0 0
Mongolian 230 120 110 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 10 0 10
Bamanankan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Edo 305 120 180 0 0 0
Ewe 135 60 80 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 0 0 0
Ga 175 80 100 5 0 0
Ganda 195 85 110 5 0 5
Igbo 540 265 275 15 5 5
Lingala 225 100 130 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 15 10 10
Shona 455 210 245 0 0 0
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 60 30 35
Wolof 130 65 65 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 35 20 20
Dinka 120 60 65 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 25 10 15
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 285 145 140
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 640 335 310
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 5 0 0
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 265 115 145 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 5 0 5
Burmese 1,010 480 530 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 0 0 0
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 55 20 35
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 0 0 0
Thai 1,315 615 695 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 5 5 0
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 140 70 75
Uyghur 290 150 140 0 0 0
Uzbek 585 290 295 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 0 5 0
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 75 35 40
Estonian 790 290 500 5 5 5
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 15 10 5
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 5 0 0
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 150 70 80
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 220 105 115
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 774,750 372,455 402,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 744,260 358,055 386,205
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 31,813 38,379 26,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 744,545 358,085 386,455
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 28,627 33,642 24,590
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 648,960 320,380 328,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 29,938 36,363 24,497
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 554,985 243,860 311,130
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 7,438 8,175 6,961
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 523,020 264,375 258,645
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 29,979 35,676 25,405
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 744,275 357,820 386,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 41,479 49,413 34,132
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 744,560 357,855 386,710
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 34,175 39,776 28,993
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 648,910 320,370 328,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 40,299 48,457 32,345
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 555,740 243,445 312,295
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 8,495 8,859 8,211
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 523,020 264,475 258,545
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 39,522 46,606 32,275
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 245,425 131,095 114,325
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 47,665 53,785 42,236
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 56,820 63,886 48,717
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 84.6 87.7 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 66.9 69.7 63.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 15.4 12.3 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 30,485 14,395 16,090
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 744,265 358,060 386,205
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.1 96.1 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 104,125 43,575 60,545
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 134,355 50,310 84,050
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 114,855 47,195 67,660
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 98,325 45,040 53,280
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 79,435 39,605 39,830
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 57,255 32,255 25,000
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 41,715 25,830 15,885
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 33,195 19,945 13,250
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 25,500 14,900 10,605
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 15,530 10,095 5,435
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 39,965 29,300 10,665
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 28,130 20,205 7,925
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 11,835 9,095 2,745
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 30,205 14,370 15,840
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 744,540 358,085 386,455
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 96.1 96.1 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 108,630 44,435 64,195
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 142,975 54,160 88,815
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 138,435 58,900 79,535
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 119,130 56,990 62,145
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 84,245 46,675 37,565
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 56,235 34,590 21,645
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 39,320 23,195 16,125
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 21,210 13,950 7,260
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 34,360 25,185 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 11,615 8,185 3,430
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 6,825 4,950 1,875
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 15,915 12,050 3,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 774,745 372,455 402,295
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 251,730 108,080 143,650
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 523,020 264,370 258,640
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 67.5 71.0 64.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 72,940 34,125 38,820
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 45,820 19,475 26,350
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 76,685 33,555 43,130
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 66,155 29,385 36,770
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 60,485 27,455 33,035
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 49,395 24,470 24,925
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 37,685 21,735 15,955
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 28,695 17,955 10,740
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 24,970 14,750 10,220
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 60,175 41,470 18,705
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 20,175 11,645 8,535
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 11,685 7,975 3,715
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 28,310 21,850 6,460
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287 ... ... 60,764 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285 ... ... 53,129 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300 ... ... 118,670 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900 ... ... 30,377 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219 ... ... 27,511 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875 ... ... 283,320 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967 ... ... 77,136 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528 ... ... 66,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856 ... ... 76,797 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322 ... ... 63,299 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115 ... ... 118,705 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571 ... ... 39,601 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830 ... ... 32,962 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060 ... ... 283,285 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773 ... ... 92,383 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157 ... ... 76,011 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Under $5,000 86,720 ... ... 6,830 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245 ... ... 7,755 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395 ... ... 12,330 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245 ... ... 20,155 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770 ... ... 20,210 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450 ... ... 18,700 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580 ... ... 21,645 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180 ... ... 19,995 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605 ... ... 19,285 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015 ... ... 18,235 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820 ... ... 33,450 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580 ... ... 30,470 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770 ... ... 27,755 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105 ... ... 24,340 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740 ... ... 20,240 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955 ... ... 100,600 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090 ... ... 38,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570 ... ... 24,330 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885 ... ... 23,445 ... ...
$200,000 and over 399,410 ... ... 14,730 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175 ... ... 401,990 ... ...
Under $5,000 92,220 ... ... 7,145 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480 ... ... 7,885 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550 ... ... 12,545 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920 ... ... 21,370 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605 ... ... 23,030 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440 ... ... 22,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755 ... ... 25,495 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335 ... ... 23,945 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645 ... ... 22,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965 ... ... 21,635 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170 ... ... 40,585 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695 ... ... 35,920 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720 ... ... 29,795 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330 ... ... 24,160 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720 ... ... 19,275 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630 ... ... 64,210 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915 ... ... 31,985 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
$150,000 and over 493,295 ... ... 16,280 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580 ... ... 269,560 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089 ... ... 77,529 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531 ... ... 66,728 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890 ... ... 121,200 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459 ... ... 71,495 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237 ... ... 61,883 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115 ... ... 97,460 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381 ... ... 104,981 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205 ... ... 88,099 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180 ... ... 43,560 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363 ... ... 45,597 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317 ... ... 42,309 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080 ... ... 269,510 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328 ... ... 93,027 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410 ... ... 76,371 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580 ... ... 121,285 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425 ... ... 85,511 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952 ... ... 70,143 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295 ... ... 97,490 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590 ... ... 119,890 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144 ... ... 97,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945 ... ... 43,470 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748 ... ... 54,587 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742 ... ... 47,700 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 157,715 73,825 83,890
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 28,180 30,235 26,673
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 25,848 27,176 24,859
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 157,410 73,440 83,970
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 36,847 38,945 35,012
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 30,893 31,946 29,973
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 908,340 440,700 467,640
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 519,830 244,725 275,105
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 105,810 49,730 56,080
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 112,825 49,900 62,920
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 102,515 48,345 54,175
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 100,645 48,515 52,130
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 98,030 48,235 49,800
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 388,510 195,975 192,540
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 94,350 47,240 47,110
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 89,765 45,260 44,505
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 83,140 41,815 41,330
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 69,850 35,450 34,400
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 51,410 26,210 25,195
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 898,345 435,895 462,450
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 159,820 81,670 78,150
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 49,595 25,280 24,310
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 565,395 274,120 291,275
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 173,125 80,100 93,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 154,955 70,415 84,540
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 35,525 18,145 17,380
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 12,740 6,470 6,275
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 88,355 40,375 47,985
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 31,075 11,890 19,185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 17.2 16.2 18.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 25.7 25.6 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 15.6 14.7 16.5
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 17.9 14.8 20.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 70,745 34,290 36,460
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 15,285 7,805 7,485
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 5,645 2,870 2,775
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 52,220 25,185 27,030
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 3,240 1,295 1,945
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 9.6 9.6 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 11.4 11.4 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 9.2 9.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 15 15 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 20 15 10
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 145 70 75 0 0 0
Naskapi 25 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 0 0 0
Plains Cree 105 50 50 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 10 0 0
Woods Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 20 20 0 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 10 0 10
Algonquin 205 95 105 0 0 0
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dene 45 20 30 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 840 320 525 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 730 285 445 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 10 10 0
Cayuga 120 35 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 10 10 0
Oneida 180 55 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 10 0 10
Salish languages 10 0 10 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Siouan languages 40 10 30 0 0 0
Dakota 20 10 10 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 925 505 415 25 15 15
Kabyle 530 280 255 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 155 65 95
Bilen 355 200 160 20 15 10
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 40 15 20
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 20 10 10
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 260 135 120
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 0 0 0
Harari 1,310 660 645 0 0 0
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 630 370 260
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 25 0 25
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 15 0 10
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 755 340 425 10 0 10
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 185 80 100
Fijian 110 40 65 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 45 20 30
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 70 20 55
Malagasy 215 115 100 10 0 0
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 10 10 0
Pangasinan 565 245 320 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 35 15 20
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 1,365 785 580
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 75 45 35
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 560 310 250
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 450 260 190
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 405 185 215
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 110 35 80
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 50 15 35
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 55 15 40
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 10 0 10
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 145 60 80
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 75 35 35
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 275 105 165
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 210 95 110
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 90 55 30
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 900 410 490
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 1,945 970 970
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 115 70 50
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 35 10 20
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 0 0 0
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 910 400 505
Welsh 685 300 390 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 155 80 75
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 320 140 175
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 235 125 110
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 1,655 820 835 60 30 30
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 285 130 155 100 40 60
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 150 105 40
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 20 10 15
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 125 45 85
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 625 350 275
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 240 150 90
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 600 300 300 15 0 10
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 15 15 0
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 135 85 45
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 245 125 120
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 185 110 75
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 515 275 240 15 10 10
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 910 480 430
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 240 140 105
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 70 55 20
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 0 0 0
Georgian 1,555 770 785 0 10 0
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 10 0 10
Mongolian 515 225 285 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 65 40 30
Bamanankan 385 195 185 10 10 10
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 10 10 0
Ewe 880 435 445 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 10 10 0
Ga 1,340 645 695 30 15 20
Ganda 1,225 550 675 60 15 40
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 70 45 30
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 130 65 65
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 65 40 35
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 370 200 175
Wolof 730 355 375 35 15 20
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 50 30 20
Dinka 415 220 200 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 45 30 10
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 1,555 730 820
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 45 25 25
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 810 330 480 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 20 10 15
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 0 0 0
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 0 0 0
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 240 110 130
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 20 0 10
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 20 20 0
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 480 225 255
Uyghur 700 350 345 15 0 10
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 10 10 0
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 430 200 230
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 50 25 20
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 120 55 70
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 75 40 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 908,340 440,735 467,605
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 878,415 425,340 453,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 159,440 81,575 77,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 718,970 343,770 375,200
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 29,930 15,395 14,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 908,340 440,730 467,605
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 842,760 407,740 435,015
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 55,675 27,270 28,405
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 19,200 9,335 9,865
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 4,800 2,330 2,470
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 6,705 3,140 3,560
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 13,185 6,540 6,645
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 5,105 2,500 2,600
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 8,080 4,035 4,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 11,790 5,925 5,865
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 9,900 5,720 4,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 55,675 27,270 28,410
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 7,280 3,495 3,785
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 10,445 5,240 5,205
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 10,170 4,670 5,500
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 22,980 11,315 11,660
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 4,800 2,550 2,250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 55,680 27,270 28,410
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 10,610 4,830 5,780
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 175 75 100
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 175 90 85
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 95 50 45
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 170 85 90
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 55 30 30
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 480 210 275
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 325 155 175
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 105 35 75
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 220 120 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 7,375 3,320 4,055
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 1,430 675 750
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 22,110 11,195 10,920
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 210 115 100
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 180 75 105
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 610 330 280
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 2,600 1,270 1,330
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 505 270 235
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 110 40 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 475 225 255
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 525 310 215
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 1,645 790 855
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 630 265 365
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 220 140 80
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 180 100 80
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 585 270 315
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 90 45 45
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 335 145 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 11,275 5,815 5,460
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 1,930 985 945
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 3,525 1,855 1,675
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 25 15 15
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 770 395 370
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 185 105 85
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 125 75 50
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 80 50 30
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 350 185 165
Somalia 16,970 6,845 10,125 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 19,390 9,545 9,840 460 205 250
Other places of birth in Africa 96,355 46,610 49,745 1,465 790 675
Asia 1,869,805 886,570 983,240 18,955 9,100 9,855
Afghanistan 33,145 16,490 16,655 100 40 60
Bangladesh 39,410 19,970 19,440 315 180 135
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 317,225 143,705 173,515 2,830 1,140 1,685
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 108,030 50,945 57,090 280 130 155
India 360,540 179,950 180,590 2,225 1,190 1,040
IranCensus data footnote 61 86,810 43,445 43,360 970 525 440
Iraq 50,390 25,280 25,115 525 250 285
Japan 8,145 2,550 5,585 225 60 170
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 57,085 26,660 30,425 870 340 530
Lebanon 34,545 18,145 16,405 1,370 755 610
Pakistan 142,265 71,925 70,345 615 315 295
Philippines 231,760 93,730 138,030 2,570 1,035 1,540
Sri Lanka 109,855 53,640 56,215 310 140 175
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 22,680 11,405 11,270 1,150 565 580
Taiwan 17,840 7,775 10,065 225 100 120
Viet Nam 80,525 36,545 43,985 450 205 245
Other places of birth in Asia 169,555 84,400 85,160 3,930 2,130 1,795
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 12,330 6,330 5,990 480 295 180
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 472,170 223,720 248,450 11,785 5,920 5,870
Americas 60,700 29,005 31,700 1,390 675 715
Brazil 3,180 1,505 1,675 95 40 55
Colombia 4,520 2,005 2,520 15 0 15
Cuba 1,950 910 1,045 70 40 30
Haiti 2,575 1,140 1,435 20 15 0
Jamaica 8,935 4,840 4,090 195 100 95
Mexico 5,670 2,745 2,925 105 55 45
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 14,635 7,225 7,405 615 310 305
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 2,460 1,120 1,340 15 10 10
Other places of birth in Americas 16,775 7,510 9,265 275 115 165
Europe 45,295 22,250 23,045 2,210 1,165 1,045
France 2,010 1,025 985 110 55 55
Germany 1,695 885 805 215 110 100
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,900 1,185 715 75 50 25
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 880 400 480 25 10 15
Romania 2,425 995 1,430 40 25 15
Russian Federation