Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

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Ontario

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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 289,975 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 460,425 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10,910 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 1,341,300 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 1,693,525 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 834,260 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 796,320 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 503,775 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 1,815,000 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 844,545 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 792,435 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 330,560 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 3,137,570 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 2,684,735 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 452,840 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 518,480 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 126,495 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 1,428,575 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 1,708,995 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 658,305 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 738,710 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 311,975 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 386,425 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 186,240 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 72,310 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 1,341,305 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 10 5 5 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 5 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 85 40 45 85 40 45
Naskapi 10 5 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 55 25 30
Plains Cree 35 5 30 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 355 135 225
Woods Cree 15 10 5 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 90 40 50
Malecite 10 5 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 65 30 35 65 30 35
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 5 0 5
Chilcotin 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dene 20 10 10 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 5 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 475 165 305 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Inuktitut 425 145 280 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 710 300 410
Cayuga 40 20 20 40 20 20
Mohawk 590 255 335 590 255 335
Oneida 55 15 40 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 25 15 15
Salish languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Dakota 5 5 5 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Nisga'a 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 5 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 725 405 320 725 405 320
Kabyle 425 225 200 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 250 140 110 250 140 110
Oromo 1,445 720 730 1,445 720 730
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 225 115 110
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 1,030 485 545 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 595 260 330 595 260 330
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 80 45 40 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 100 45 55 100 45 55
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 535 215 315 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 515 230 280 515 230 280
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 450 210 240
Welsh 435 180 260 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 225 120 110
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 1,240 630 620 1,240 630 620
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 210 100 110 210 100 110
Norwegian 940 405 540 940 405 540
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 170 80 85
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 345 170 175 345 170 175
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 285 150 135 285 150 135
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 420 200 215
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 1,200 635 565
Georgian 1,200 635 565 1,200 635 565
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 405 180 220
Mongolian 405 180 225 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 140 60 80 140 60 80
Edo 1,140 475 670 1,140 475 670
Ewe 560 270 295 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 365 180 185
Ga 600 275 325 600 275 325
Ganda 760 360 400 760 360 400
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 850 365 485 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 1,330 545 785
Shona 1,455 660 790 1,455 660 790
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 290 145 150 290 145 150
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 1,610 810 800
Dinka 345 170 175 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 855 405 450 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 1,640 775 865 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 25 10 15
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 515 255 260 515 255 260
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 640 295 345
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 10 10 5 10 10 5
Naskapi 10 5 5 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 105 50 55
Woods Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Inuktitut 140 60 80 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 210 90 120
Cayuga 5 5 5 5 5 5
Mohawk 185 80 100 185 80 100
Oneida 20 5 10 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dakota 5 5 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 345 175 170 345 175 170
Kabyle 255 125 130 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 170 80 85 170 80 85
Oromo 805 380 425 805 380 425
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 110 50 65
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 555 250 305 555 250 305
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 1,090 505 580 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 90 35 55 90 35 55
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 15 10 10 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 910 385 530
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 35 15 20 35 15 20
Malay 1,810 860 945 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 445 200 250
Pangasinan 90 40 50 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 380 175 200
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 1,060 540 520 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 860 350 515 860 350 515
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 175 80 90 175 80 90
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 355 160 190
Celtic languages 120 65 55 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 60 30 25
Welsh 30 10 15 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 35 20 15
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 755 365 390 755 365 390
Danish 280 135 150 280 135 150
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 90 45 45 90 45 45
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 45 20 30 45 20 30
Norwegian 70 30 40 70 30 40
Swedish 385 190 190 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 145 60 85
Yiddish 370 190 185 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 655 315 340
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 65 30 35 65 30 35
Konkani 540 260 280 540 260 280
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 135 60 75 135 60 75
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 110 50 60
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 770 420 355
Georgian 775 420 355 775 420 355
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 225 115 110
Mongolian 230 120 110 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 25 15 15 25 15 15
Edo 305 120 180 305 120 180
Ewe 135 60 80 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 110 55 55
Ga 175 80 100 175 80 100
Ganda 195 85 110 195 85 110
Igbo 540 265 275 540 265 275
Lingala 225 100 130 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 420 160 260
Shona 455 210 245 455 210 245
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 130 65 65 130 65 65
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 550 260 290
Dinka 120 60 65 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 425 195 225
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 265 115 145 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 1,010 480 530 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 1,315 615 695 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 10 5 10
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 770 385 380
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 290 150 140 290 150 140
Uzbek 585 290 295 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 250 130 120
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 790 290 500 790 290 500
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 465 245 225
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 86,720 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 399,410 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 92,220 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 493,295 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 15 15 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 10 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Moose Cree 145 70 75 145 70 75
Naskapi 25 10 10 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 65 25 45
Plains Cree 105 50 50 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 605 255 350
Woods Cree 45 25 25 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 180 95 85
Malecite 20 20 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 205 95 105 205 95 105
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 10 0 10
Chilcotin 10 0 10 10 0 10
Dene 45 20 30 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Gwich'in 10 0 10 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 840 320 525 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 730 285 445 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 120 35 85 120 35 85
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 1,625 710 915
Oneida 180 55 125 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 180 65 110
Salish languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Siouan languages 40 10 30 40 10 30
Dakota 20 10 10 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 925 505 415 925 505 415
Kabyle 530 280 255 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 355 200 160 355 200 160
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 370 170 205
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 1,310 660 645 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 755 340 425 755 340 425
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 110 40 65 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 215 115 100 215 115 100
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 565 245 320 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 1,480 720 765
Welsh 685 300 390 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 1,655 820 835 1,655 820 835
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 285 130 155 285 130 155
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 600 300 300 600 300 300
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 515 275 240 515 275 240
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 1,355 745 605
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 1,555 775 780
Georgian 1,555 770 785 1,555 770 785
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 515 225 285
Mongolian 515 225 285 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 385 195 185 385 195 185
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 880 435 445 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 700 320 375
Ga 1,340 645 695 1,340 645 695
Ganda 1,225 550 675 1,225 550 675
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 730 355 375 730 355 375
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 415 220 200 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 810 330 480 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 30 10 20
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 700 350 345 700 350 345
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 915 450 465
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 16,970 6,845 10,125 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 19,390 9,545 9,840 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 96,355 46,610 49,745 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 1,869,805 886,570 983,240 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 33,145 16,490 16,655 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 39,410 19,970 19,440 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 317,225 143,705 173,515 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 108,030 50,945 57,090 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 360,540 179,950 180,590 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 86,810 43,445 43,360 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 50,390 25,280 25,115 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 8,145 2,550 5,585 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 57,085 26,660 30,425 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 34,545 18,145 16,405 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 142,265 71,925 70,345 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 231,760 93,730 138,030 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 109,855 53,640 56,215 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 22,680 11,405 11,270 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 17,840 7,775 10,065 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 80,525 36,545 43,985 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 169,555 84,400 85,160 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 12,330 6,330 5,990 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 472,170 223,720 248,450 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 60,700 29,005 31,700 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 3,180 1,505 1,675 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 4,520 2,005 2,520 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 1,950 910 1,045 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 2,575 1,140 1,435 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 8,935 4,840 4,090 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 5,670 2,745 2,925 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 14,635 7,225 7,405 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 2,460 1,120 1,340 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 16,775 7,510 9,265 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 45,295 22,250 23,045 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 2,010 1,025 985 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 1,695 885 805 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,900 1,185 715 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensu