Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Manitoba [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 289,975 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 460,425 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10,910 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 1,341,300 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 1,693,525 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 834,260 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 796,320 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 503,775 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 1,815,000 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 844,545 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 792,435 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 330,560 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 3,137,570 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 2,684,735 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 452,840 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 518,480 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 126,495 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 1,428,575 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 1,708,995 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 658,305 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 738,710 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 311,975 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 386,425 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 186,240 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 72,310 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 1,341,305 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 1,485 680 800
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 10 5 5 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Moose Cree 85 40 45 0 0 5
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 30 5 20
Plains Cree 35 5 30 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 745 305 440
Woods Cree 15 10 5 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 10 5 5
Malecite 10 5 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 65 30 35 0 0 0
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dene 20 10 10 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 475 165 305 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 425 145 280 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 0 0 5
Cayuga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 590 255 335 5 0 0
Oneida 55 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 80 40 40
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 630 305 330
Dakota 5 5 5 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 725 405 320 40 25 15
Kabyle 425 225 200 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 1,750 875 875
Bilen 250 140 110 155 85 70
Oromo 1,445 720 730 345 175 170
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 10 10 0
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 1,770 885 885
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 0 0 0
Harari 1,030 485 545 0 0 0
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 545 320 225
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 40 20 25
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 280 135 145
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 595 260 330 175 80 95
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 1,245 565 675
Fijian 80 45 40 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 390 170 220
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 100 45 55 0 0 5
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 655 315 340
Pangasinan 535 215 315 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 150 70 85
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 1,565 825 735
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 95 50 40
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 790 410 380
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 480 255 230
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 350 170 180
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 165 65 95
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 80 35 45
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 85 35 45
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 515 230 280 40 20 25
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 575 285 290
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 140 70 65
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 1,030 505 530
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 615 310 310
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 145 70 75
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 240 110 130
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 270 130 140
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 75 40 30
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 50 25 20
Welsh 435 180 260 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 10 10 0
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 420 220 205
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 280 145 135
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 1,240 630 620 55 30 25
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 210 100 110 475 210 260
Norwegian 940 405 540 115 45 65
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 310 125 180
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 25 10 10
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 345 170 175 5 5 5
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 35 20 15
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 135 80 50
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 670 345 320
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 415 210 200
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 285 150 135 0 0 5
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 645 310 335
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 15 5 10
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 15 10 10
Georgian 1,200 635 565 15 5 5
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 20 5 15
Mongolian 405 180 225 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 150 90 65
Bamanankan 140 60 80 75 25 45
Edo 1,140 475 670 40 20 15
Ewe 560 270 295 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 65 35 30
Ga 600 275 325 15 10 5
Ganda 760 360 400 50 20 30
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 280 155 130
Lingala 850 365 485 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 250 125 120
Shona 1,455 660 790 110 50 60
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 870 420 455
Wolof 290 145 150 75 50 25
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 395 215 180
Dinka 345 170 175 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 225 125 100
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 440 230 210
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 55 30 25
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 855 405 450 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 575 295 285
Burmese 1,640 775 865 85 50 30
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 430 215 220
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 1,120 525 595
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 875 445 430
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 5 0 0
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 30 20 15
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 210 120 95
Uyghur 515 255 260 10 5 10
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 40 25 20
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 1,440 655 790
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 30 10 15
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 225 85 135
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 155 85 70
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 120 45 75
Woods Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 140 60 80 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 5 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 185 80 100 0 0 0
Oneida 20 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 35 25 10
Dakota 5 5 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 345 175 170 20 15 5
Kabyle 255 125 130 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 1,185 550 630
Bilen 170 80 85 120 65 55
Oromo 805 380 425 210 95 115
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 5 10 0
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 1,045 520 525
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 0 0 0
Harari 555 250 305 0 0 0
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 355 195 160
Maltese 1,090 505 580 10 5 5
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 125 55 70
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 90 35 55 30 15 15
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 495 250 245
Fijian 15 10 10 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 125 55 75
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 390 190 200
Malagasy 35 15 20 0 0 0
Malay 1,810 860 945 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 245 120 130
Pangasinan 90 40 50 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 30 15 15
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 800 400 400
Kannada 1,060 540 520 45 25 25
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 405 195 205
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 240 120 120
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 155 80 75
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 25 10 15
Latvian 860 350 515 15 5 5
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 10 5 5
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 175 80 90 0 5 0
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 285 145 140
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 65 30 30
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 320 145 180
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 115 55 60
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 85 35 45
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 90 40 50
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 55 20 30
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 10 5 5
Celtic languages 120 65 55 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 5 5 0
Welsh 30 10 15 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 755 365 390 200 100 100
Danish 280 135 150 10 5 5
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 270 135 130
Frisian 90 45 45 10 5 5
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 45 20 30 35 15 20
Norwegian 70 30 40 10 5 5
Swedish 385 190 190 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 15 5 10
Yiddish 370 190 185 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 465 240 225
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 690 390 305
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 65 30 35 0 0 0
Konkani 540 260 280 10 5 5
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 40 25 20
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 360 190 170
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 275 135 140
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 135 60 75 0 0 0
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 235 110 125
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 0 0 0
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 10 5 0
Georgian 775 420 355 10 5 5
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 5 0 5
Mongolian 230 120 110 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 45 30 20
Bamanankan 25 15 15 15 5 5
Edo 305 120 180 5 5 0
Ewe 135 60 80 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 35 15 15
Ga 175 80 100 5 0 0
Ganda 195 85 110 5 0 0
Igbo 540 265 275 75 40 35
Lingala 225 100 130 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 105 55 50
Shona 455 210 245 10 5 10
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 500 240 265
Wolof 130 65 65 25 20 10
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 130 60 70
Dinka 120 60 65 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 55 30 25
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 560 310 255
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 25 10 15
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 265 115 145 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 465 235 225
Burmese 1,010 480 530 55 30 25
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 370 190 180
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 535 250 280
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 430 210 220
Thai 1,315 615 695 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 10 5 10
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 65 35 35
Uyghur 290 150 140 0 0 0
Uzbek 585 290 295 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 25 10 15
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 305 140 165
Estonian 790 290 500 0 0 0
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 35 15 15
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 40 25 20
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 305 150 150
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 86,720 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 399,410 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 92,220 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 493,295 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 15 15 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 145 70 75 0 0 10
Naskapi 25 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 85 25 55
Plains Cree 105 50 50 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 45 25 25 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 10 10 0
Malecite 20 20 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 205 95 105 10 0 0
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dene 45 20 30 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 840 320 525 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Inuktitut 730 285 445 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 15 10 10
Cayuga 120 35 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 15 10 10
Oneida 180 55 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 210 115 95
Salish languages 10 0 10 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 40 10 30 760 365 395
Dakota 20 10 10 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 925 505 415 85 50 40
Kabyle 530 280 255 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 355 200 160 210 120 85
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 535 275 260
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 15 15 10
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 10 0 0
Harari 1,310 660 645 0 10 0
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 65 30 35
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 335 185 150
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 755 340 425 225 100 125
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 1,615 805 810
Fijian 110 40 65 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 425 180 245
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 215 115 100 0 0 0
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 945 415 530
Pangasinan 565 245 320 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 200 80 120
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 1,840 945 895
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 175 95 80
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 830 400 430
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 655 330 325
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 390 195 195
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 230 90 140
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 115 45 70
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 120 50 65
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 65 25 45
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 835 405 430
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 155 95 60
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 1,595 765 825
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 735 335 395
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 140 75 60
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 190 75 115
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 275 100 175
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 70 35 30
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 90 65 25
Welsh 685 300 390 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 45 15 25
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 715 330 385
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 270 120 150
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 1,655 820 835 90 65 30
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 285 130 155 560 225 335
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 290 115 175
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 270 120 155
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 600 300 300 20 15 10
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 40 30 10
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 275 170 105
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 920 500 420
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 600 295 305
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 515 275 240 15 10 10
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 785 395 390
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 60 45 15
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 10 0 15
Georgian 1,555 770 785 15 0 15
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 55 20 35
Mongolian 515 225 285 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 260 165 95
Bamanankan 385 195 185 160 95 65
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 95 60 30
Ewe 880 435 445 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 50 25 25
Ga 1,340 645 695 30 10 15
Ganda 1,225 550 675 230 110 120
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 665 345 325
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 305 155 155
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 250 110 140
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 730 355 375 150 85 70
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 410 225 185
Dinka 415 220 200 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 225 120 105
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 50 30 20
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 810 330 480 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 675 310 370
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 185 115 70
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 465 200 265
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 1,565 730 835
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 1,120 520 600
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 10 10 0
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 50 25 30
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 365 180 185
Uyghur 700 350 345 30 15 10
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 45 15 30
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 1,550 730 815
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 45 20 25
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 265 105 160
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 435 170 265
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 1,135 515 620
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 155 75 80
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 1,810 835 970
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 1,055 530 525
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 975 445 535
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 795 425 365
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 820 445 375
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 650 310 340
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 720 345 375
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 355 175 175
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 115 60 55
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 980 525 455
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 935 470 465
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 250 140 110
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 16,970 6,845 10,125 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 19,390 9,545 9,840 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 96,355 46,610 49,745 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 1,869,805 886,570 983,240 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 33,145 16,490 16,655 615 285 330
Bangladesh 39,410 19,970 19,440 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 317,225 143,705 173,515 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 108,030 50,945 57,090 1,460 715 735
India 360,540 179,950 180,590 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 86,810 43,445 43,360 1,180 655 530
Iraq 50,390 25,280 25,115 860 460 400
Japan 8,145 2,550 5,585 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 57,085 26,660 30,425 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 34,545 18,145 16,405 265 165 100
Pakistan 142,265 71,925 70,345 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 231,760 93,730 138,030 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 109,855 53,640 56,215 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 22,680 11,405 11,270 805 390 410
Taiwan 17,840 7,775 10,065 215 110 110
Viet Nam 80,525 36,545 43,985 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 169,555 84,400 85,160 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 12,330 6,330 5,990 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 472,170 223,720 248,450 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 60,700 29,005 31,700 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 3,180 1,505 1,675 100 35 65
Colombia 4,520 2,005 2,520 185 70 120
Cuba 1,950 910 1,045 75 25 55
Haiti 2,575 1,140 1,435 15 10 0
Jamaica 8,935 4,840 4,090 340 175 165
Mexico 5,670 2,745 2,925 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 14,635 7,225 7,405 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 2,460 1,120 1,340 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 16,775 7,510 9,265 1,490 640 850
Europe 45,295 22,250 23,045 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 2,010 1,025 985 135 70 75
Germany 1,695 885 805 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,900 1,185 715 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 880 400 480 160 85 70
Romania 2,425 995