Census Profile, 2016 Census
Manitoba [Province] and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Manitoba

[Province]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Manitoba [Province]  Map : Manitoba [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,278,365 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,208,268 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 539,748 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 489,050 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.3 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 552,370.99 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,278,365 631,400 646,970 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 243,820 125,110 118,710 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 81,065 41,710 39,355 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 83,375 42,565 40,805 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 79,380 40,835 38,545 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 835,580 417,260 418,320 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 82,440 42,555 39,890 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 86,760 44,465 42,295 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 86,695 43,570 43,125 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 85,185 42,210 42,975 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 81,105 39,885 41,215 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 79,325 39,530 39,795 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 79,350 39,220 40,130 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 89,840 44,485 45,355 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 87,765 43,555 44,210 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 77,110 37,780 39,325 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 198,965 89,025 109,945 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 64,905 31,280 33,625 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 45,980 21,940 24,040 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 33,555 15,250 18,305 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 25,315 10,740 14,575 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 29,210 9,810 19,395 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 17,335 6,460 10,875 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 8,945 2,710 6,230 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 2,520 580 1,940 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 415 60 350 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 19.8 18.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 65.4 66.1 64.7 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.6 14.1 17.0 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.2 38.2 40.2 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.3 37.2 39.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 489,050 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 331,420 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 39,080 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 108,120 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 15,865 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 17,225 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,065 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 67,205 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 755 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10,435 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 489,050 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 135,500 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 164,880 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 71,065 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 66,675 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 50,930 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,240,700 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,034,545 506,280 528,260 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 593,615 297,280 296,335 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 503,390 252,210 251,175 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 90,230 45,075 45,155 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 440,925 209,000 231,930 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 300,415 162,440 137,980 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 24,845 11,080 13,765 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 54,860 22,780 32,080 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 60,805 12,700 48,100 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 346,160 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 171,435 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 71,630 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 65,500 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 37,600 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 346,160 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 287,200 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 242,100 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 45,100 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 58,960 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 45,930 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 13,025 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 287,205 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 137,135 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 150,070 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 55,730 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 59,965 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 34,375 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 58,960 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 34,305 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 15,895 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 8,765 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 212,415 104,435 107,980 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 489,050 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 323,125 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 130,475 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 192,650 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 11,110 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 154,815 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 135,495 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,315 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,261,620 624,095 637,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 1,135,395 566,980 568,410 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 1,485 680 800 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 108,460 49,205 59,255 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 16,285 7,235 9,050 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,261,620 624,100 637,520 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 1,203,025 596,475 606,550 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 39,200 18,880 20,325 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 3,545 1,755 1,790 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 15,840 6,985 8,860 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 40,975 19,760 21,215 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,261,620 624,095 637,520 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,230,115 608,820 621,300 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 941,130 468,430 472,705 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 900,610 448,960 451,645 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 40,520 19,465 21,055 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 288,985 140,395 148,590 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 29,710 14,265 15,440 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 28,070 13,505 14,565 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 5 0 5 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,820 7,085 7,740 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 30 5 20 55 25 30
Plains Cree 70 25 40 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 745 305 440 355 135 225
Woods Cree 65 20 40 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 13,915 6,725 7,195 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 5 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 13,235 6,410 6,825 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 6,730 3,180 3,550 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 6,505 3,235 3,265 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 815 375 445 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 815 380 440 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 810 375 435 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 80 20 60 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 65 20 45 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 40 40 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 5 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 630 305 330 10 5 5
Dakota 630 305 325 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 259,280 126,130 133,155 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,700 5,580 5,120 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 40 25 15 725 405 320
Kabyle 35 15 10 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,750 875 875 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 155 85 70 250 140 110
Oromo 345 175 170 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,245 610 640 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 8,840 4,640 4,200 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 1,770 885 885 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 4,695 2,500 2,190 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 545 320 225 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 40 20 25 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 1,770 905 865 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,180 1,970 2,205 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 135 145 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 3,895 1,840 2,060 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 52,905 24,685 28,220 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 175 80 95 595 260 330
Cebuano 1,245 565 675 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 35 15 15 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 390 170 220 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 1,365 630 730 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 175 65 105 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 655 315 340 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 135 65 70 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 48,530 22,670 25,855 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 50 30 25 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 570 275 305 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 290 140 145 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 265 120 145 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,565 825 735 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 95 50 40 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 790 410 380 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 480 255 230 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 195 115 80 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 158,350 77,605 80,750 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 350 170 180 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 65 35 30 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 34,450 15,845 18,605 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 165 65 95 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 80 35 45 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 85 35 45 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 34,280 15,775 18,510 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 40 20 25 515 230 280
Bosnian 575 285 290 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 140 70 65 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,030 505 530 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 615 310 310 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 145 70 75 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 6,455 2,905 3,545 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 9,130 4,495 4,640 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 655 335 320 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 240 110 130 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 405 175 225 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 130 140 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 14,505 6,325 8,180 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 115 60 55 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 20 450 210 240
Welsh 60 30 30 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 68,670 33,310 35,360 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 420 220 205 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 280 145 135 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,675 1,335 1,335 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 55 30 25 1,240 630 620
German 63,825 30,940 32,890 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 475 210 260 210 100 110
Norwegian 115 45 65 940 405 540
Swedish 135 70 70 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 310 125 180 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 355 175 180 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 170 80 85
Greek 1,285 665 615 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 32,325 17,135 15,195 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 29,520 15,700 13,820 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 1,170 675 495 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 3,115 1,660 1,455 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,270 1,215 1,060 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 35 20 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 135 80 50 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 720 355 365 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 18,320 9,650 8,670 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 60 30 30 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 670 345 320 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 3,015 1,655 1,355 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 2,705 1,365 1,335 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 415 210 200 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 275 130 150 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 2,020 1,030 990 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 21,100 10,385 10,710 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 5 285 150 135
Italian 3,840 1,910 1,930 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 6,585 3,190 3,390 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 645 310 335 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 10,005 4,965 5,040 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 420 200 215
Japanese 540 185 350 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 1,200 635 565
Georgian 15 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 3,760 1,810 1,950 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 405 180 220
Mongolian 20 5 15 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 3,895 1,965 1,930 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 150 90 65 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 75 25 45 140 60 80
Edo 40 20 15 1,140 475 670
Ewe 30 20 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65 35 30 365 180 185
Ga 15 10 5 600 275 325
Ganda 50 20 30 760 360 400
Igbo 280 155 130 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 75 30 40 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 60 65 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 250 125 120 1,330 545 785
Shona 110 50 60 1,455 660 790
Swahili 870 420 455 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 75 50 25 290 145 150
Yoruba 1,030 525 505 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 640 315 325 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 395 215 180 1,610 810 800
Dinka 175 90 80 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 125 100 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 440 230 210 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 240 125 115 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 100 95 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,880 9,320 9,565 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 18,305 9,025 9,280 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 6,625 3,140 3,485 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 55 30 25 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 10,170 5,110 5,060 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 325 150 165 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 55 50 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 530 475 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 575 295 285 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 85 50 30 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 430 215 220 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 5 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,120 525 595 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 875 445 430 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 240 85 165 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 340 190 150 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 30 20 15 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 210 120 95 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 40 25 15 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,440 655 790 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 10 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 225 85 135 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,185 550 635 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 31,505 15,280 16,220 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 4,365 2,140 2,230 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 25,965 12,530 13,440 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 695 380 315 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 470 230 245 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,261,620 624,100 637,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,197,145 593,020 604,120 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 1,052,345 521,280 531,065 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 1,035,475 513,465 522,010 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 16,865 7,815 9,055 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 144,800 71,740 73,060 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15,770 8,020 7,750 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 15,070 7,675 7,390 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 7,570 3,860 3,715 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 10 5 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 10 5 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 120 45 75 105 50 55
Woods Cree 15 10 5 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 7,415 3,790 3,620 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 7,495 3,820 3,675 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 2,505 1,280 1,225 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 4,990 2,545 2,455 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 635 305 330 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 635 305 330 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 630 305 330 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 5 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 10 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 25 10 5 0 5
Dakota 35 25 10 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 129,035 63,725 65,310 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,875 3,475 3,400 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 20 15 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 15 10 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 1,185 550 630 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 120 65 55 170 80 85
Oromo 210 95 115 805 380 425
Somali 845 385 460 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 5,650 2,895 2,750 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 1,045 520 525 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 3,105 1,600 1,505 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 355 195 160 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 1,135 580 555 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,900 1,370 1,530 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 2,775 1,315 1,460 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 27,215 13,065 14,155 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 30 15 15 90 35 55
Cebuano 495 250 245 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 15 5 10 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 125 55 75 910 385 530
Ilocano 390 190 200 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 55 25 30 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 245 120 130 445 200 250
Pangasinan 30 15 15 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,790 12,375 13,420 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 380 175 200
Creole languages 290 120 165 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 165 75 85 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 800 400 400 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 45 25 25 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 405 195 205 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 240 120 120 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 110 60 50 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 70,820 35,325 35,495 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 155 80 75 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 20 10 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 11,685 5,670 6,015 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 25 10 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 15 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 11,660 5,660 6,000 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 5 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 285 145 140 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 65 30 30 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 320 145 180 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 115 55 60 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 85 35 45 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,010 910 1,105 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 5,530 2,780 2,745 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 335 170 170 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 70 35 35 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 20 30 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 2,690 1,285 1,405 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 20 15 10 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 10 5 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 25,825 12,700 13,125 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 200 100 100 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 270 135 130 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 10 5 5 90 45 45
German 24,795 12,185 12,615 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 35 15 20 45 20 30
Norwegian 10 5 5 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 145 60 85
Yiddish 10 5 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 465 240 225 655 315 340
Greek 535 255 280 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 22,810 11,920 10,890 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 21,010 11,055 9,950 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 690 390 305 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 2,100 1,095 1,005 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,335 715 620 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 40 25 20 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 540 265 280 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,000 7,330 6,670 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 30 10 15 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 360 190 170 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,895 1,035 860 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,755 835 920 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 275 135 140 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 165 70 95 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,315 635 685 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 9,765 4,670 5,090 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 1,035 450 590 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 2,800 1,305 1,500 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 235 110 125 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5,695 2,810 2,885 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 175 75 105 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 770 420 355
Georgian 10 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 2,915 1,430 1,490 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 5 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 1,410 695 720 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 45 30 20 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 15 5 5 25 15 15
Edo 5 5 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 15 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 75 40 35 540 265 275
Lingala 40 20 20 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 35 35 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 55 50 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 10 455 210 245
Swahili 500 240 265 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 25 20 10 130 65 65
Yoruba 345 175 170 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 125 50 75 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 60 70 550 260 290
Dinka 80 35 45 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 425 195 225
Sign languages 560 310 255 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 255 135 120 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 305 170 135 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,910 6,920 6,985 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 13,445 6,685 6,765 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 4,455 2,105 2,350 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 25 10 15 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 8,080 4,105 3,975 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 135 65 70 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 675 365 315 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 465 235 225 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 55 30 25 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 370 190 180 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 535 250 280 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 430 210 220 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 105 40 65 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 135 70 65 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 10 5 10 770 385 380
Turkish 65 35 35 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 35 20 15 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 250 130 120
Uralic languages 305 140 165 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 35 15 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 270 125 145 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 465 245 225
Multiple responses 64,475 31,080 33,400 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 3,090 1,440 1,645 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 60,090 28,995 31,090 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 415 215 205 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 885 420 455 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,261,615 624,095 637,520 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 1,079,050 535,990 543,065 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 76,350 37,795 38,550 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 20,200 9,130 11,075 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 83,315 39,860 43,455 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 16,105 7,590 8,515 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 67,215 32,275 34,940 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 305 150 150 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 1,610 815 790 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 770 345 420 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,001,305 491,590 509,715 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 954,035 467,790 486,250 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,188 40,379 29,220 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 954,205 467,820 486,390 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,465 35,150 26,561 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 859,545 431,145 428,400 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,592 39,229 26,692 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 701,840 309,530 392,310 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,268 1,890 5,434 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 722,785 374,850 347,935 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,677 39,365 28,679 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,001,305 491,580 509,725 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 953,960 467,575 486,385 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,767 51,068 36,747 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 954,175 467,605 486,565 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,957 41,013 31,097 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,575 431,035 428,540 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,776 50,803 34,704 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 701,830 308,940 392,890 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,099 6,411 7,640 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 722,785 374,535 348,250 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,551 49,417 35,168 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,001,310 491,580 509,725 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 350,580 201,335 149,245 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,026 54,580 44,818 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,523 65,410 51,581 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.0 91.7 83.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.6 77.4 68.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.0 8.3 16.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,001,310 491,585 509,720 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 47,270 23,800 23,470 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 954,040 467,790 486,245 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.2 95.4 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 137,700 62,550 75,150 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 150,320 58,320 91,995 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 136,510 54,950 81,560 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 123,685 55,805 67,885 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 109,710 54,650 55,060 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 80,625 45,170 35,460 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 58,785 35,250 23,535 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 43,365 26,465 16,895 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 34,000 20,100 13,905 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 21,980 13,545 8,440 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 57,355 40,985 16,370 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 40,870 28,585 12,285 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 16,490 12,395 4,090 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,001,305 491,585 509,720 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 47,100 23,770 23,330 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 954,205 467,820 486,390 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.2 95.4 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 142,035 63,525 78,510 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 161,865 63,410 98,460 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 165,880 68,985 96,895 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 153,680 73,335 80,350 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 116,415 63,755 52,660 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 78,105 46,940 31,160 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 53,870 32,165 21,705 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 31,690 19,680 12,010 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 50,655 36,025 14,630 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 18,025 12,260 5,760 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 10,325 7,305 3,015 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 22,305 16,460 5,850 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,001,305 491,590 509,720 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 278,525 116,740 161,775 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 722,785 374,845 347,940 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.2 76.3 68.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 90,045 42,675 47,375 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 54,560 23,875 30,690 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 94,460 41,920 52,535 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 89,540 39,650 49,895 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 88,340 41,905 46,440 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 77,755 40,205 37,550 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 58,900 34,355 24,550 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 44,085 27,115 16,970 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 34,450 21,375 13,075 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 90,650 61,780 28,865 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 28,365 16,860 11,505 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 17,635 11,355 6,275 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 44,650 33,560 11,095 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 489,050 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,147 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,093 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 135,495 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,846 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,538 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 353,550 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,532 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,688 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 489,050 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,373 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,154 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 135,440 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,208 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,503 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 353,605 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,140 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,044 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 489,050 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 9,250 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,175 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,450 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,260 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 21,395 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 19,035 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,090 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 21,745 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 21,605 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,225 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,240 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 37,910 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,275 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,555 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 27,215 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 144,620 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 52,495 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,595 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 34,670 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 22,865 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 489,050 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 9,725 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,315 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,860 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,325 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,370 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,665 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,915 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 26,725 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 25,965 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 25,290 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 48,610 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 44,280 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 38,890 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,370 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,890 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 97,850 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,355 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,795 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,705 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 341,205 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,441 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,563 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 127,580 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,103 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,596 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 150,585 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,902 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,307 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 52,215 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,922 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,048 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 341,235 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,410 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,132 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 127,710 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,583 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,743 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 150,695 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,176 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,399 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 52,130 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,006 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,307 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 175,270 86,935 88,335 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,927 35,568 30,818 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,429 31,130 28,062 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 174,945 86,380 88,565 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,853 43,332 38,434 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,961 35,291 32,663 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 687,930 332,640 355,290 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 151,750 74,825 76,930 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 135,485 62,035 73,450 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 135,395 64,805 70,590 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 132,755 65,185 67,575 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 132,540 65,790 66,750 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 552,770 281,805 270,965 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 127,575 64,305 63,265 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 123,505 62,770 60,735 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 116,805 59,460 57,350 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 104,820 53,835 50,980 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 80,070 41,435 38,640 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,175,720 581,585 594,135 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 260,905 134,075 126,830 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 85,935 44,240 41,695 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 737,035 365,965 371,070 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 177,780 81,540 96,235 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 180,880 85,185 95,690 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 57,185 29,390 27,790 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 21,325 10,970 10,355 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 98,920 46,630 52,285 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 24,785 9,165 15,615 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.4 14.6 16.1 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 21.9 21.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 24.8 24.8 24.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.4 12.7 14.1 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 13.9 11.2 16.2 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 115,965 56,255 59,705 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 33,260 17,040 16,220 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 12,310 6,325 5,985 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 73,655 35,895 37,760 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 9,045 3,325 5,725 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 9.7 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.7 12.7 12.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 14.3 14.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 9.8 10.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 1,224,985 607,375 617,605 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 1,223,665 606,760 616,905 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 108,560 49,435 59,130 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 340,250 165,150 175,100 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 40,465 19,410 21,050 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 38,305 18,375 19,930 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 0 10 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20,975 10,025 10,955 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 10 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 85 25 55 65 25 45
Plains Cree 190 90 100 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,140 505 640 605 255 350
Woods Cree 130 65 65 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 19,435 9,340 10,095 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 180 95 85
Malecite 10 10 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 17,710 8,520 9,185 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 10 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 9,685 4,560 5,125 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 8,045 3,975 4,070 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 1,120 525 595 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,110 520 590 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 1,110 520 595 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 110 55 55 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 80 35 45 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 15 10 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 210 115 95 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 10 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 760 365 395 40 10 30
Dakota 760 360 400 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 10 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 15 20 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 299,900 145,795 154,110 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,730 8,320 7,410 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 85 50 40 925 505 415
Kabyle 45 25 20 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 50 35 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 2,300 1,195 1,105 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 210 120 85 355 200 160
Oromo 535 275 260 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,550 790 760 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 13,685 7,300 6,390 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 2,475 1,370 1,105 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 6,650 3,590 3,055 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 10 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 3,370 1,735 1,635 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 65 30 35 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 2,225 1,175 1,050 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 80 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,230 2,545 2,685 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 185 150 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 4,905 2,370 2,535 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 65,305 30,220 35,090 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 225 100 125 755 340 425
Cebuano 1,615 805 810 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 65 35 30 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 425 180 245 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 1,875 880 990 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 375 180 195 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 945 415 530 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 205 100 110 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,165 29,640 34,520 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 115 55 55 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 200 80 120 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 1,310 605 705 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 635 310 315 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 680 305 375 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,840 945 895 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 175 95 80 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 830 400 430 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 655 330 325 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 255 150 110 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 175,950 86,435 89,510 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 390 195 195 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 65 50 15 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 39,530 18,780 20,745 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 230 90 140 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 115 45 70 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 120 50 65 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 39,360 18,720 20,640 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 65 25 45 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 835 405 430 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 155 95 60 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,595 765 825 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 735 335 395 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 140 75 60 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 7,655 3,625 4,035 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 13,455 6,715 6,740 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 870 470 400 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 190 75 115 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 480 215 260 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 100 175 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 17,095 7,795 9,305 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 225 125 100 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 90 65 25 1,480 720 765
Welsh 90 45 45 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 68,285 33,250 35,035 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 715 330 385 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 270 120 150 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 3,120 1,555 1,565 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 90 65 30 1,655 820 835
German 61,760 30,170 31,600 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 560 225 335 285 130 155
Norwegian 290 115 175 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 270 125 150 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 270 120 155 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 545 235 315 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,490 1,285 1,205 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,010 1,015 1,000 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 38,760 20,480 18,280 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 35,830 18,990 16,835 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,520 885 635 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 3,905 2,065 1,840 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 12,900 6,900 6,000 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 20 15 10 600 300 300
Konkani 40 30 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 275 170 105 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 600 285 315 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 22,900 12,035 10,865 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 150 85 65 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 920 500 420 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 4,600 2,540 2,060 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 3,035 1,525 1,515 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 600 295 305 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 290 135 150 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 2,295 1,175 1,120 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 230 125 105 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 34,360 16,630 17,735 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 10 10 515 275 240
Italian 5,350 2,610 2,735 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 8,460 4,125 4,335 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 785 395 390 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 20,605 9,910 10,695 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 45 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 1,160 550 605 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 15 1,555 775 780
Georgian 15 0 15 1,555 770 785
Korean 4,240 2,100 2,145 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 55 20 35 515 225 285
Mongolian 55 20 30 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 7,970 4,125 3,845 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 260 165 95 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 160 95 65 385 195 185
Edo 95 60 30 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 50 30 20 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 25 700 320 375
Ga 30 10 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 230 110 120 1,225 550 675
Igbo 665 345 325 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 655 315 345 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 205 105 105 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 155 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 250 110 140 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 1,930 1,020 905 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 150 85 70 730 355 375
Yoruba 2,630 1,330 1,295 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,440 765 680 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 410 225 185 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 180 105 75 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 2,670 985 1,685 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 1,710 625 1,090 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 975 365 610 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,130 10,490 10,650 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 20,475 10,185 10,285 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 8,310 3,920 4,390 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 50 30 20 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 12,825 6,460 6,365 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 480 230 250 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 185 95 85 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,115 600 510 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 675 310 370 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 185 115 70 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 465 200 265 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 145 60 80 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,565 730 835 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 1,120 520 600 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 575 270 305 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 510 250 265 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 365 180 185 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 30 15 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 40 20 15 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,550 730 815 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 45 20 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 265 105 160 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,235 600 635 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 445 290 150 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,133,080 560,165 572,920 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 266,225 136,640 129,585 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 866,855 423,520 443,335 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 107,620 54,280 53,340 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,240,700 614,445 626,255 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 996,860 494,285 502,570 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 227,465 111,095 116,365 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 50,025 23,340 26,680 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 20,205 10,190 10,010 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 23,040 11,165 11,875 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 70,985 35,305 35,680 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 22,570 11,195 11,370 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 48,415 24,110 24,305 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 63,210 31,095 32,120 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 16,375 9,055 7,320 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 227,470 111,100 116,370 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 25,595 12,975 12,625 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 45,570 23,305 22,265 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 44,585 20,820 23,770 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 93,700 45,160 48,540 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 18,010 8,845 9,170 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 227,465 111,095 116,365 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 31,980 15,285 16,700 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 435 170 265 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,050 510 545 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 2,480 1,325 1,155 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,135 515 620 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 155 75 80 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,810 835 970 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 6,655 3,330 3,320 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 235 85 150 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,505 785 720 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,100 3,100 4,000 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 9,425 4,550 4,875 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 56,705 27,815 28,890 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,055 530 525 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 975 445 535 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 795 425 365 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 10,390 5,215 5,175 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 820 445 375 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 815 435 375 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 650 310 340 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,755 1,405 1,350 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,250 1,185 1,060 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 5,280 2,455 2,820 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 4,380 2,170 2,210 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 720 345 375 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 4,245 2,035 2,210 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 355 175 175 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 4,765 2,250 2,515 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,665 5,655 6,015 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 4,790 2,325 2,470 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 17,975 9,495 8,485 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 115 60 55 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 980 525 455 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 2,525 1,360 1,165 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 935 470 465 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 250 140 110 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 3,820 2,070 1,750 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 755 350 415 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 975 465 505 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 7,630 4,055 3,570 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 120,230 58,215 62,015 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 615 285 330 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 880 475 400 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 9,250 4,460 4,790 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,460 715 735 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 21,990 11,395 10,595 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,180 655 530 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 860 460 400 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 225 70 150 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,880 1,415 1,470 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 265 165 100 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 3,125 1,675 1,450 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 61,950 28,800 33,150 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,015 515 505 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 805 390 410 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 215 110 110 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 4,225 2,035 2,185 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 9,285 4,590 4,695 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 575 290 280 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 63,210 31,095 32,115 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 4,130 1,840 2,290 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 100 35 65 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 185 70 120 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 75 25 55 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 15 10 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 340 175 165 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 875 415 465 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 970 445 525 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 75 30 40 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 1,490 640 850 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 5,155 2,650 2,505 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 135 70 75 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 580 310 265 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 80 60 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 160 85 70 880 400 480
Romania 70 30 35 2,425 995