Census Profile, 2016 Census
Manitoba [Province] and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Manitoba

[Province]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Manitoba [Province]  Map : Manitoba [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,278,365 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,208,268 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 539,748 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 489,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 552,370.99 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,278,365 631,400 646,970 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 243,820 125,110 118,710 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 81,065 41,710 39,355 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 83,375 42,565 40,805 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 79,380 40,835 38,545 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 835,580 417,260 418,320 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 82,440 42,555 39,890 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 86,760 44,465 42,295 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 86,695 43,570 43,125 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 85,185 42,210 42,975 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 81,105 39,885 41,215 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 79,325 39,530 39,795 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 79,350 39,220 40,130 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 89,840 44,485 45,355 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 87,765 43,555 44,210 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 77,110 37,780 39,325 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 198,965 89,025 109,945 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 64,905 31,280 33,625 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 45,980 21,940 24,040 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 33,555 15,250 18,305 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 25,315 10,740 14,575 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 29,210 9,810 19,395 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 17,335 6,460 10,875 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 8,945 2,710 6,230 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 2,520 580 1,940 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 415 60 350 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.1 19.8 18.3 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 65.4 66.1 64.7 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 15.6 14.1 17.0 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 39.2 38.2 40.2 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 38.3 37.2 39.4 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 489,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 331,420 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 39,080 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 108,120 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 15,865 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 17,225 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,065 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 67,205 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 755 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10,435 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 489,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 135,500 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 164,880 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 71,065 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 66,675 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 50,930 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,240,700 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,034,545 506,280 528,260 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 593,615 297,280 296,335 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 503,390 252,210 251,175 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 90,230 45,075 45,155 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 440,925 209,000 231,930 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 300,415 162,440 137,980 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 24,845 11,080 13,765 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 54,860 22,780 32,080 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 60,805 12,700 48,100 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 346,160 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 171,435 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 71,630 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 65,500 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 37,600 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 346,160 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 287,200 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 242,100 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 45,100 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 58,960 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 45,930 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 13,025 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 287,205 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 137,135 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 150,070 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 55,730 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 59,965 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 34,375 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 58,960 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 34,305 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 15,895 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 8,765 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 212,415 104,435 107,980 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 489,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 323,125 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 130,475 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 192,650 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 11,110 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 154,815 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 135,495 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,315 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,261,620 624,095 637,520 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 1,135,395 566,980 568,410 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 1,485 680 800 1,485 680 800
English and French 108,460 49,205 59,255 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 16,285 7,235 9,050 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,261,620 624,100 637,520 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 1,203,025 596,475 606,550 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 39,200 18,880 20,325 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 3,545 1,755 1,790 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 15,840 6,985 8,860 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 40,975 19,760 21,215 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,261,620 624,095 637,520 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 1,230,115 608,820 621,300 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 941,130 468,430 472,705 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 900,610 448,960 451,645 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 40,520 19,465 21,055 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 288,985 140,395 148,590 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 29,710 14,265 15,440 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 28,070 13,505 14,565 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 5 0 5 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,820 7,085 7,740 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 5 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 5 20 30 5 20
Plains Cree 70 25 40 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 745 305 440 745 305 440
Woods Cree 65 20 40 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 13,915 6,725 7,195 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Malecite 0 5 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 13,235 6,410 6,825 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 6,730 3,180 3,550 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 6,505 3,235 3,265 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 815 375 445 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 815 380 440 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 810 375 435 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 80 20 60 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 65 20 45 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 40 40 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 5 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 630 305 330 630 305 330
Dakota 630 305 325 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 259,280 126,130 133,155 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,700 5,580 5,120 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 40 25 15 40 25 15
Kabyle 35 15 10 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,750 875 875 1,750 875 875
Bilen 155 85 70 155 85 70
Oromo 345 175 170 345 175 170
Somali 1,245 610 640 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 8,840 4,640 4,200 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 1,770 885 885 1,770 885 885
Arabic 4,695 2,500 2,190 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 545 320 225 545 320 225
Maltese 40 20 25 40 20 25
Tigrigna 1,770 905 865 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,180 1,970 2,205 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 135 145 280 135 145
Vietnamese 3,895 1,840 2,060 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 52,905 24,685 28,220 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 175 80 95 175 80 95
Cebuano 1,245 565 675 1,245 565 675
Fijian 35 15 15 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 390 170 220 390 170 220
Ilocano 1,365 630 730 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 5 0 0 5
Malay 175 65 105 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 655 315 340 655 315 340
Pangasinan 135 65 70 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 48,530 22,670 25,855 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 50 30 25 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 150 70 85
Creole languages 570 275 305 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 290 140 145 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 265 120 145 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 1,565 825 735 1,565 825 735
Kannada 95 50 40 95 50 40
Malayalam 790 410 380 790 410 380
Tamil 480 255 230 480 255 230
Telugu 195 115 80 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 158,350 77,605 80,750 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 350 170 180 350 170 180
Armenian 65 35 30 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 34,450 15,845 18,605 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 165 65 95 165 65 95
Latvian 80 35 45 80 35 45
Lithuanian 85 35 45 85 35 45
Slavic languages 34,280 15,775 18,510 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 40 20 25 40 20 25
Bosnian 575 285 290 575 285 290
Bulgarian 140 70 65 140 70 65
Croatian 1,030 505 530 1,030 505 530
Czech 615 310 310 615 310 310
Macedonian 145 70 75 145 70 75
Polish 6,455 2,905 3,545 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 9,130 4,495 4,640 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 655 335 320 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 240 110 130 240 110 130
Slovak 405 175 225 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 130 140 270 130 140
Ukrainian 14,505 6,325 8,180 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 75 40 30
Celtic languages 115 60 55 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 50 25 20 50 25 20
Welsh 60 30 30 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 68,670 33,310 35,360 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 420 220 205 420 220 205
Danish 280 145 135 280 145 135
Dutch 2,675 1,335 1,335 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 55 30 25 55 30 25
German 63,825 30,940 32,890 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 475 210 260 475 210 260
Norwegian 115 45 65 115 45 65
Swedish 135 70 70 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 310 125 180 310 125 180
Yiddish 355 175 180 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 25 10 10
Greek 1,285 665 615 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 32,325 17,135 15,195 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 29,520 15,700 13,820 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 1,170 675 495 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 3,115 1,660 1,455 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 2,270 1,215 1,060 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 5 5
Konkani 35 20 15 35 20 15
Marathi 135 80 50 135 80 50
Nepali 720 355 365 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 18,320 9,650 8,670 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 60 30 30 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 670 345 320 670 345 320
Urdu 3,015 1,655 1,355 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 2,705 1,365 1,335 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 415 210 200 415 210 200
Pashto 275 130 150 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 2,020 1,030 990 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 21,100 10,385 10,710 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 5 0 0 5
Italian 3,840 1,910 1,930 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 6,585 3,190 3,390 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 645 310 335 645 310 335
Spanish 10,005 4,965 5,040 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Japanese 540 185 350 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 15 10 10
Georgian 15 5 5 15 5 5
Korean 3,760 1,810 1,950 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 20 5 15
Mongolian 20 5 15 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 3,895 1,965 1,930 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 150 90 65 150 90 65
Bamanankan 75 25 45 75 25 45
Edo 40 20 15 40 20 15
Ewe 30 20 10 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 65 35 30 65 35 30
Ga 15 10 5 15 10 5
Ganda 50 20 30 50 20 30
Igbo 280 155 130 280 155 130
Lingala 75 30 40 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 60 65 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 250 125 120 250 125 120
Shona 110 50 60 110 50 60
Swahili 870 420 455 870 420 455
Wolof 75 50 25 75 50 25
Yoruba 1,030 525 505 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 640 315 325 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 395 215 180 395 215 180
Dinka 175 90 80 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 125 100 225 125 100
Sign languages 440 230 210 440 230 210
American Sign Language 240 125 115 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 100 95 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,880 9,320 9,565 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 18,305 9,025 9,280 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 6,625 3,140 3,485 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 55 30 25 55 30 25
Mandarin 10,170 5,110 5,060 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 5 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 325 150 165 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 55 50 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 530 475 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 575 295 285 575 295 285
Burmese 85 50 30 85 50 30
Karenic languages 430 215 220 430 215 220
Tibetan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,120 525 595 1,120 525 595
Lao 875 445 430 875 445 430
Thai 240 85 165 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 340 190 150 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 30 20 15 30 20 15
Turkish 210 120 95 210 120 95
Uyghur 10 5 10 10 5 10
Uzbek 40 25 15 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,440 655 790 1,440 655 790
Estonian 30 10 15 30 10 15
Finnish 225 85 135 225 85 135
Hungarian 1,185 550 635 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 155 85 70
Multiple responses 31,505 15,280 16,220 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 4,365 2,140 2,230 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 25,965 12,530 13,440 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 695 380 315 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 470 230 245 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,261,620 624,100 637,520 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 1,197,145 593,020 604,120 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 1,052,345 521,280 531,065 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 1,035,475 513,465 522,010 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 16,865 7,815 9,055 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 144,800 71,740 73,060 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 15,770 8,020 7,750 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 15,070 7,675 7,390 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 7,570 3,860 3,715 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 5 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 120 45 75 120 45 75
Woods Cree 15 10 5 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 7,415 3,790 3,620 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 7,495 3,820 3,675 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 2,505 1,280 1,225 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 4,990 2,545 2,455 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 635 305 330 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 635 305 330 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 630 305 330 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 5 10 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 10 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 25 10 35 25 10
Dakota 35 25 10 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 129,035 63,725 65,310 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,875 3,475 3,400 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 20 15 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 15 10 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 1,185 550 630 1,185 550 630
Bilen 120 65 55 120 65 55
Oromo 210 95 115 210 95 115
Somali 845 385 460 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 5,650 2,895 2,750 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 1,045 520 525 1,045 520 525
Arabic 3,105 1,600 1,505 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 355 195 160 355 195 160
Maltese 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 1,135 580 555 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,900 1,370 1,530 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 125 55 70
Vietnamese 2,775 1,315 1,460 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 27,215 13,065 14,155 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 30 15 15 30 15 15
Cebuano 495 250 245 495 250 245
Fijian 15 5 10 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 125 55 75 125 55 75
Ilocano 390 190 200 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 55 25 30 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 245 120 130 245 120 130
Pangasinan 30 15 15 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,790 12,375 13,420 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 30 15 15
Creole languages 290 120 165 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 165 75 85 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 115 45 75 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 800 400 400 800 400 400
Kannada 45 25 25 45 25 25
Malayalam 405 195 205 405 195 205
Tamil 240 120 120 240 120 120
Telugu 110 60 50 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 70,820 35,325 35,495 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 155 80 75 155 80 75
Armenian 20 10 5 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 11,685 5,670 6,015 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 25 10 15 25 10 15
Latvian 15 5 5 15 5 5
Lithuanian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Slavic languages 11,660 5,660 6,000 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 5 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 285 145 140 285 145 140
Bulgarian 65 30 30 65 30 30
Croatian 320 145 180 320 145 180
Czech 115 55 60 115 55 60
Macedonian 85 35 45 85 35 45
Polish 2,010 910 1,105 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 5,530 2,780 2,745 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 335 170 170 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 90 40 50
Slovak 70 35 35 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 20 30 55 20 30
Ukrainian 2,690 1,285 1,405 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages 20 15 10 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 10 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 25,825 12,700 13,125 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 200 100 100 200 100 100
Danish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Dutch 270 135 130 270 135 130
Frisian 10 5 5 10 5 5
German 24,795 12,185 12,615 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 35 15 20 35 15 20
Norwegian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Swedish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 15 5 10
Yiddish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 465 240 225 465 240 225
Greek 535 255 280 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 22,810 11,920 10,890 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 21,010 11,055 9,950 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 690 390 305 690 390 305
Gujarati 2,100 1,095 1,005 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 1,335 715 620 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 10 5 5
Marathi 40 25 20 40 25 20
Nepali 540 265 280 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 14,000 7,330 6,670 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 30 10 15 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 360 190 170 360 190 170
Urdu 1,895 1,035 860 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 1,755 835 920 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 275 135 140 275 135 140
Pashto 165 70 95 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 1,315 635 685 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 9,765 4,670 5,090 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 1,035 450 590 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 2,800 1,305 1,500 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 235 110 125 235 110 125
Spanish 5,695 2,810 2,885 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 175 75 105 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 10 5 0
Georgian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Korean 2,915 1,430 1,490 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Mongolian 5 5 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,410 695 720 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 45 30 20 45 30 20
Bamanankan 15 5 5 15 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ewe 5 5 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 15 35 15 15
Ga 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 75 40 35 75 40 35
Lingala 40 20 20 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 35 35 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 55 50 105 55 50
Shona 10 5 10 10 5 10
Swahili 500 240 265 500 240 265
Wolof 25 20 10 25 20 10
Yoruba 345 175 170 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 125 50 75 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 60 70 130 60 70
Dinka 80 35 45 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Sign languages 560 310 255 560 310 255
American Sign Language 255 135 120 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 305 170 135 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,910 6,920 6,985 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 13,445 6,685 6,765 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 4,455 2,105 2,350 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 25 10 15 25 10 15
Mandarin 8,080 4,105 3,975 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 5 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 135 65 70 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 675 365 315 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 465 235 225 465 235 225
Burmese 55 30 25 55 30 25
Karenic languages 370 190 180 370 190 180
Tibetan 5 0 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 535 250 280 535 250 280
Lao 430 210 220 430 210 220
Thai 105 40 65 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 135 70 65 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 10 5 10 10 5 10
Turkish 65 35 35 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 20 15 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 25 10 15
Uralic languages 305 140 165 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 35 15 15 35 15 15
Hungarian 270 125 145 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 40 25 20
Multiple responses 64,475 31,080 33,400 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 3,090 1,440 1,645 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 60,090 28,995 31,090 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 415 215 205 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 885 420 455 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,261,615 624,095 637,520 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 1,079,050 535,990 543,065 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 76,350 37,795 38,550 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 20,200 9,130 11,075 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 83,315 39,860 43,455 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 16,105 7,590 8,515 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 67,215 32,275 34,940 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 305 150 150 305 150 150
English and non-official language 1,610 815 790 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 770 345 420 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,001,305 491,590 509,715 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 954,035 467,790 486,250 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,188 40,379 29,220 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 954,205 467,820 486,390 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,465 35,150 26,561 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 859,545 431,145 428,400 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,592 39,229 26,692 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 701,840 309,530 392,310 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,268 1,890 5,434 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 722,785 374,850 347,935 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,677 39,365 28,679 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,001,305 491,580 509,725 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 953,960 467,575 486,385 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,767 51,068 36,747 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 954,175 467,605 486,565 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,957 41,013 31,097 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 859,575 431,035 428,540 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,776 50,803 34,704 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 701,830 308,940 392,890 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,099 6,411 7,640 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 722,785 374,535 348,250 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,551 49,417 35,168 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,001,310 491,580 509,725 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 350,580 201,335 149,245 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,026 54,580 44,818 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,523 65,410 51,581 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.0 91.7 83.1 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.6 77.4 68.6 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.0 8.3 16.9 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,001,310 491,585 509,720 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 47,270 23,800 23,470 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 954,040 467,790 486,245 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.2 95.4 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 137,700 62,550 75,150 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 150,320 58,320 91,995 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 136,510 54,950 81,560 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 123,685 55,805 67,885 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 109,710 54,650 55,060 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 80,625 45,170 35,460 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 58,785 35,250 23,535 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 43,365 26,465 16,895 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 34,000 20,100 13,905 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 21,980 13,545 8,440 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 57,355 40,985 16,370 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 40,870 28,585 12,285 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 16,490 12,395 4,090 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,001,305 491,585 509,720 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 47,100 23,770 23,330 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 954,205 467,820 486,390 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.2 95.4 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 142,035 63,525 78,510 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 161,865 63,410 98,460 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 165,880 68,985 96,895 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 153,680 73,335 80,350 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 116,415 63,755 52,660 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 78,105 46,940 31,160 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 53,870 32,165 21,705 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 31,690 19,680 12,010 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 50,655 36,025 14,630 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 18,025 12,260 5,760 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 10,325 7,305 3,015 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 22,305 16,460 5,850 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,001,305 491,590 509,720 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 278,525 116,740 161,775 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 722,785 374,845 347,940 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 72.2 76.3 68.3 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 90,045 42,675 47,375 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 54,560 23,875 30,690 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 94,460 41,920 52,535 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 89,540 39,650 49,895 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 88,340 41,905 46,440 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 77,755 40,205 37,550 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 58,900 34,355 24,550 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 44,085 27,115 16,970 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 34,450 21,375 13,075 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 90,650 61,780 28,865 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 28,365 16,860 11,505 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 17,635 11,355 6,275 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 44,650 33,560 11,095 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 489,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,147 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,093 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 135,495 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,846 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,538 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 353,550 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,532 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,688 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 489,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,373 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,154 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 135,440 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,208 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,503 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 353,605 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,140 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,044 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 489,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 9,250 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,175 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,450 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,260 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 21,395 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 19,035 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,090 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 21,745 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 21,605 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 21,225 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 40,240 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 37,910 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,275 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,555 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 27,215 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 144,620 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 52,495 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 34,595 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 34,670 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 22,865 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 489,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 9,725 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 8,315 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,860 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,325 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,370 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,665 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 25,915 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 26,725 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 25,965 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 25,290 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 48,610 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 44,280 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 38,890 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,370 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,890 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 97,850 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,355 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,795 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 26,705 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 341,205 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,441 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,563 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 127,580 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,103 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,596 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 150,585 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,902 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,307 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 52,215 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,922 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,048 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 341,235 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,410 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,132 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 127,710 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,583 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,743 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 150,695 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,176 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,399 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 52,130 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,006 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,307 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 175,270 86,935 88,335 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,927 35,568 30,818 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,429 31,130 28,062 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 174,945 86,380 88,565 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,853 43,332 38,434 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,961 35,291 32,663 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 687,930 332,640 355,290 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 151,750 74,825 76,930 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 135,485 62,035 73,450 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 135,395 64,805 70,590 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 132,755 65,185 67,575 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 132,540 65,790 66,750 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 552,770 281,805 270,965 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 127,575 64,305 63,265 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 123,505 62,770 60,735 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 116,805 59,460 57,350 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 104,820 53,835 50,980 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 80,070 41,435 38,640 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,175,720 581,585 594,135 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 260,905 134,075 126,830 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 85,935 44,240 41,695 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 737,035 365,965 371,070 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 177,780 81,540 96,235 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 180,880 85,185 95,690 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 57,185 29,390 27,790 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 21,325 10,970 10,355 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 98,920 46,630 52,285 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 24,785 9,165 15,615 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.4 14.6 16.1 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 24.8 24.8 24.8 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.4 12.7 14.1 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 13.9 11.2 16.2 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 115,965 56,255 59,705 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 33,260 17,040 16,220 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 12,310 6,325 5,985 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 73,655 35,895 37,760 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 9,045 3,325 5,725 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 9.7 10.0 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.7 12.7 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.3 14.3 14.4 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 9.8 10.2 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 1,224,985 607,375 617,605 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 1,223,665 606,760 616,905 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 108,560 49,435 59,130 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 340,250 165,150 175,100 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 40,465 19,410 21,050 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 38,305 18,375 19,930 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 20,975 10,025 10,955 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 10 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 85 25 55 85 25 55
Plains Cree 190 90 100 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 1,140 505 640 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 130 65 65 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 19,435 9,340 10,095 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Malecite 10 10 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 17,710 8,520 9,185 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 10 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 9,685 4,560 5,125 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 8,045 3,975 4,070 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,120 525 595 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,110 520 590 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,110 520 595 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 110 55 55 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 80 35 45 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 10 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 210 115 95 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 10 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 10 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 760 365 395 760 365 395
Dakota 760 360 400 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 15 20 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 299,900 145,795 154,110 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,730 8,320 7,410 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 85 50 40 85 50 40
Kabyle 45 25 20 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 50 35 10 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 2,300 1,195 1,105 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 210 120 85 210 120 85
Oromo 535 275 260 535 275 260
Somali 1,550 790 760 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 15 15 10
Semitic languages 13,685 7,300 6,390 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 2,475 1,370 1,105 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 6,650 3,590 3,055 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 10 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 3,370 1,735 1,635 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 65 30 35 65 30 35
Tigrigna 2,225 1,175 1,050 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 155 80 80 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,230 2,545 2,685 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 185 150 335 185 150
Vietnamese 4,905 2,370 2,535 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 65,305 30,220 35,090 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 225 100 125 225 100 125
Cebuano 1,615 805 810 1,615 805 810
Fijian 65 35 30 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 425 180 245 425 180 245
Ilocano 1,875 880 990 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 375 180 195 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 945 415 530 945 415 530
Pangasinan 205 100 110 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,165 29,640 34,520 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 115 55 55 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 200 80 120 200 80 120
Creole languages 1,310 605 705 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 635 310 315 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 680 305 375 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 1,840 945 895 1,840 945 895
Kannada 175 95 80 175 95 80
Malayalam 830 400 430 830 400 430
Tamil 655 330 325 655 330 325
Telugu 255 150 110 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 175,950 86,435 89,510 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 390 195 195 390 195 195
Armenian 65 50 15 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 39,530 18,780 20,745 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 230 90 140 230 90 140
Latvian 115 45 70 115 45 70
Lithuanian 120 50 65 120 50 65
Slavic languages 39,360 18,720 20,640 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 65 25 45 65 25 45
Bosnian 835 405 430 835 405 430
Bulgarian 155 95 60 155 95 60
Croatian 1,595 765 825 1,595 765 825
Czech 735 335 395 735 335 395
Macedonian 140 75 60 140 75 60
Polish 7,655 3,625 4,035 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 13,455 6,715 6,740 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 870 470 400 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 190 75 115 190 75 115
Slovak 480 215 260 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 100 175 275 100 175
Ukrainian 17,095 7,795 9,305 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 70 35 30
Celtic languages 225 125 100 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 90 65 25 90 65 25
Welsh 90 45 45 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 45 15 25
Germanic languages 68,285 33,250 35,035 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 715 330 385 715 330 385
Danish 270 120 150 270 120 150
Dutch 3,120 1,555 1,565 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 90 65 30 90 65 30
German 61,760 30,170 31,600 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 560 225 335 560 225 335
Norwegian 290 115 175 290 115 175
Swedish 270 125 150 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 270 120 155 270 120 155
Yiddish 545 235 315 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,490 1,285 1,205 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 2,010 1,015 1,000 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 38,760 20,480 18,280 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 35,830 18,990 16,835 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 1,520 885 635 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 3,905 2,065 1,840 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 12,900 6,900 6,000 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 20 15 10 20 15 10
Konkani 40 30 10 40 30 10
Marathi 275 170 105 275 170 105
Nepali 600 285 315 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 22,900 12,035 10,865 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 150 85 65 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 920 500 420 920 500 420
Urdu 4,600 2,540 2,060 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 3,035 1,525 1,515 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 600 295 305 600 295 305
Pashto 290 135 150 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 2,295 1,175 1,120 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 230 125 105 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 34,360 16,630 17,735 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 15 10 10 15 10 10
Italian 5,350 2,610 2,735 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 8,460 4,125 4,335 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 785 395 390 785 395 390
Spanish 20,605 9,910 10,695 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 45 15 60 45 15
Japanese 1,160 550 605 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 10 0 15 10 0 15
Georgian 15 0 15 15 0 15
Korean 4,240 2,100 2,145 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 55 20 35 55 20 35
Mongolian 55 20 30 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 7,970 4,125 3,845 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 260 165 95 260 165 95
Bamanankan 160 95 65 160 95 65
Edo 95 60 30 95 60 30
Ewe 50 30 20 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 25 50 25 25
Ga 30 10 15 30 10 15
Ganda 230 110 120 230 110 120
Igbo 665 345 325 665 345 325
Lingala 655 315 345 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 205 105 105 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 155 305 155 155
Shona 250 110 140 250 110 140
Swahili 1,930 1,020 905 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 150 85 70 150 85 70
Yoruba 2,630 1,330 1,295 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,440 765 680 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 410 225 185 410 225 185
Dinka 180 105 75 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 225 120 105 225 120 105
Sign languages 2,670 985 1,685 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 1,710 625 1,090 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 975 365 610 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,130 10,490 10,650 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 20,475 10,185 10,285 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 8,310 3,920 4,390 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 50 30 20 50 30 20
Mandarin 12,825 6,460 6,365 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 480 230 250 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 185 95 85 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,115 600 510 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 675 310 370 675 310 370
Burmese 185 115 70 185 115 70
Karenic languages 465 200 265 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 145 60 80 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,565 730 835 1,565 730 835
Lao 1,120 520 600 1,120 520 600
Thai 575 270 305 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 510 250 265 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 50 25 30
Turkish 365 180 185 365 180 185
Uyghur 30 15 10 30 15 10
Uzbek 40 20 15 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 45 15 30
Uralic languages 1,550 730 815 1,550 730 815
Estonian 45 20 25 45 20 25
Finnish 265 105 160 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,235 600 635 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 445 290 150 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,240,700 614,440 626,260 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,133,080 560,165 572,920 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 266,225 136,640 129,585 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 866,855 423,520 443,335 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 107,620 54,280 53,340 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,240,700 614,445 626,255 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 996,860 494,285 502,570 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 227,465 111,095 116,365 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 50,025 23,340 26,680 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 20,205 10,190 10,010 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 23,040 11,165 11,875 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 70,985 35,305 35,680 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 22,570 11,195 11,370 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 48,415 24,110 24,305 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 63,210 31,095 32,120 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 16,375 9,055 7,320 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 227,470 111,100 116,370 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 25,595 12,975 12,625 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 45,570 23,305 22,265 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 44,585 20,820 23,770 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 93,700 45,160 48,540 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 18,010 8,845 9,170 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 227,465 111,095 116,365 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 31,980 15,285 16,700 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 435 170 265 435 170 265
Colombia 1,050 510 545 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 2,480 1,325 1,155 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 1,135 515 620 1,135 515 620
Haiti 155 75 80 155 75 80
Jamaica 1,810 835 970 1,810 835 970
Mexico 6,655 3,330 3,320 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 235 85 150 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 1,505 785 720 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,100 3,100 4,000 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 9,425 4,550 4,875 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 56,705 27,815 28,890 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,055 530 525 1,055 530 525
Croatia 975 445 535 975 445 535
France 795 425 365 795 425 365
Germany 10,390 5,215 5,175 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 820 445 375 820 445 375
Hungary 815 435 375 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 650 310 340 650 310 340
Italy 2,755 1,405 1,350 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 2,250 1,185 1,060 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 5,280 2,455 2,820 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 4,380 2,170 2,210 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 720 345 375 720 345 375
Russian Federation 4,245 2,035 2,210 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 355 175 175 355 175 175
Ukraine 4,765 2,250 2,515 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 11,665 5,655 6,015 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 4,790 2,325 2,470 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 17,975 9,495 8,485 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 115 60 55 115 60 55
Egypt 980 525 455 980 525 455
Ethiopia 2,525 1,360 1,165 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 935 470 465 935 470 465
Morocco 250 140 110 250 140 110
Nigeria 3,820 2,070 1,750 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 755 350 415 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 975 465 505 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 7,630 4,055 3,570 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 120,230 58,215 62,015 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 615 285 330 615 285 330
Bangladesh 880 475 400 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 9,250 4,460 4,790 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,460 715 735 1,460 715 735
India 21,990 11,395 10,595 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,180 655 530 1,180 655 530
Iraq 860 460 400 860 460 400
Japan 225 70 150 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,880 1,415 1,470 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 265 165 100 265 165 100
Pakistan 3,125 1,675 1,450 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 61,950 28,800 33,150 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 1,015 515 505 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 805 390 410 805 390 410
Taiwan 215 110 110 215 110 110
Viet Nam 4,225 2,035 2,185 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 9,285 4,590 4,695 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 575 290 280 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 63,210 31,095 32,115 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 4,130 1,840 2,290 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 100 35 65 100 35 65
Colombia 185 70 120 185 70 120
Cuba 75 25 55 75 25 55
Haiti 15 10 0 15 10 0
Jamaica 340 175 165 340 175 165
Mexico 875 415 465 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 970 445 525 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 75 30 40 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 1,490 640 850 1,490 640 850
Europe 5,155 2,650 2,505 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 135 70 75 135 70 75
Germany 580 310 265 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 80 60 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 160 85 70 160 85 70
Romania 70 30 35 70 30 35
Russian Federation 1,145 530 610 1,145 530