Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saskatchewan [Province] and Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatchewan

[Province]
Calgary, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : Saskatchewan [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,098,352 ... ... 1,239,220 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,033,381 ... ... 1,096,833 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 13.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 495,582 ... ... 489,650 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 432,622 ... ... 466,725 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.9 ... ... 1,501.1 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 588,243.54 ... ... 825.56 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,098,350 545,785 552,565 1,239,220 618,245 620,975
0 to 14 years 215,685 110,410 105,275 226,980 116,520 110,460
0 to 4 years 73,130 37,335 35,795 77,985 40,055 37,930
5 to 9 years 74,460 38,155 36,305 79,365 40,865 38,500
10 to 14 years 68,095 34,920 33,175 69,630 35,600 34,030
15 to 64 years 712,240 358,110 354,130 873,835 438,600 435,235
15 to 19 years 67,660 34,675 32,980 69,730 35,750 33,985
20 to 24 years 70,060 36,075 33,985 78,640 39,855 38,785
25 to 29 years 77,525 39,290 38,235 100,140 49,745 50,390
30 to 34 years 77,520 38,610 38,915 109,445 54,705 54,740
35 to 39 years 71,590 35,940 35,650 100,400 49,855 50,540
40 to 44 years 64,950 32,515 32,440 93,405 46,790 46,615
45 to 49 years 63,580 31,780 31,795 87,810 44,415 43,400
50 to 54 years 75,245 37,230 38,015 86,890 43,590 43,295
55 to 59 years 76,195 38,070 38,125 82,265 41,220 41,045
60 to 64 years 67,915 33,935 33,985 65,120 32,675 32,440
65 years and over 170,425 77,265 93,160 138,405 63,120 75,285
65 to 69 years 53,230 26,285 26,945 48,920 23,915 25,005
70 to 74 years 37,740 18,225 19,510 31,590 15,040 16,550
75 to 79 years 29,400 13,415 15,985 22,715 10,220 12,495
80 to 84 years 23,115 9,945 13,170 17,315 7,495 9,820
85 years and over 26,940 9,395 17,550 17,860 6,455 11,410
85 to 89 years 16,280 6,305 9,975 11,435 4,505 6,930
90 to 94 years 8,000 2,515 5,485 4,925 1,595 3,335
95 to 99 years 2,290 520 1,760 1,335 335 1,000
100 years and over 375 50 325 160 15 145
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.6 20.2 19.1 18.3 18.8 17.8
15 to 64 years 64.8 65.6 64.1 70.5 70.9 70.1
65 years and over 15.5 14.2 16.9 11.2 10.2 12.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 1.4 1.0 1.8
Average age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.0 37.6 37.0 38.2
Median age of the population 37.8 36.9 38.7 36.7 36.2 37.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 432,620 ... ... 466,725 ... ...
Single-detached house 314,340 ... ... 262,950 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,520 ... ... 32,885 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 98,435 ... ... 168,855 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,705 ... ... 29,270 ... ...
Row house 18,535 ... ... 44,675 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,385 ... ... 21,865 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 57,115 ... ... 72,850 ... ...
Other single-attached house 700 ... ... 200 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 9,325 ... ... 2,030 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 432,625 ... ... 466,725 ... ...
1 person 121,175 ... ... 114,185 ... ...
2 persons 153,610 ... ... 150,820 ... ...
3 persons 60,240 ... ... 78,495 ... ...
4 persons 56,080 ... ... 75,330 ... ...
5 or more persons 41,520 ... ... 47,890 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,070,560 ... ... 1,222,325 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 882,670 435,375 447,290 1,012,245 501,720 510,520
Married or living common law 520,430 261,075 259,355 596,630 299,175 297,455
Married 437,875 219,800 218,075 506,625 254,030 252,600
Living common law 82,550 41,270 41,280 90,005 45,145 44,860
Not married and not living common law 362,240 174,310 187,930 415,610 202,545 213,065
Never married 242,070 133,750 108,325 293,200 160,610 132,585
Separated 19,795 8,945 10,855 22,285 9,740 12,545
Divorced 47,180 20,985 26,200 62,270 24,270 38,000
Widowed 53,190 10,635 42,555 37,860 7,920 29,935
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 302,260 ... ... 337,125 ... ...
2 persons 157,195 ... ... 155,535 ... ...
3 persons 58,770 ... ... 75,950 ... ...
4 persons 54,125 ... ... 74,800 ... ...
5 or more persons 32,170 ... ... 30,835 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 302,260 ... ... 337,125 ... ...
Total couple families 252,765 ... ... 289,540 ... ...
Married couples 211,500 ... ... 244,545 ... ...
Common-law couples 41,265 ... ... 44,990 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 49,495 ... ... 47,580 ... ...
Female parent 38,165 ... ... 37,090 ... ...
Male parent 11,330 ... ... 10,500 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 252,770 ... ... 289,540 ... ...
Couples without children 129,085 ... ... 126,120 ... ...
Couples with children 123,685 ... ... 163,420 ... ...
1 child 45,495 ... ... 62,440 ... ...
2 children 49,035 ... ... 71,345 ... ...
3 or more children 29,150 ... ... 29,630 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 49,490 ... ... 47,585 ... ...
1 child 28,110 ... ... 29,415 ... ...
2 children 13,280 ... ... 13,510 ... ...
3 or more children 8,105 ... ... 4,660 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 187,765 95,550 92,210 219,585 112,510 107,075
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 432,620 ... ... 466,725 ... ...
One-census-family households 285,675 ... ... 310,260 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,620 ... ... 115,180 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 161,055 ... ... 195,090 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,975 ... ... 12,935 ... ...
Non-census-family households 138,965 ... ... 143,525 ... ...
One-person households 121,175 ... ... 114,190 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,795 ... ... 29,335 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,083,240 539,100 544,130 1,227,995 612,735 615,255
English only 1,023,400 511,940 511,460 1,108,175 558,845 549,330
French only 535 255 280 1,170 510 660
English and French 51,360 23,290 28,065 89,400 41,380 48,015
Neither English nor French 7,945 3,620 4,325 29,245 11,995 17,250
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,083,240 539,105 544,135 1,227,990 612,735 615,260
English 1,060,225 528,155 532,075 1,172,990 587,775 585,215
French 13,555 6,590 6,960 18,965 9,605 9,365
English and French 1,770 890 885 7,405 3,665 3,740
Neither English nor French 7,685 3,475 4,220 28,630 11,690 16,945
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 14,435 7,035 7,405 22,670 11,440 11,230
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.8 1.9 1.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,083,240 539,105 544,135 1,227,990 612,735 615,260
Single responses 1,064,675 530,145 534,530 1,189,870 594,175 595,695
Official languages 907,715 452,955 454,760 824,965 418,045 406,920
English 892,615 445,635 446,985 806,815 408,850 397,965
French 15,100 7,320 7,775 18,150 9,195 8,955
Non-official languages 156,960 77,195 79,770 364,905 176,130 188,775
Aboriginal languages 28,340 13,685 14,660 690 255 440
Algonquian languages 19,965 9,640 10,325 485 185 300
Blackfoot 10 5 5 225 85 135
Cree-Montagnais languages 19,015 9,190 9,825 190 80 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 2,080 975 1,105 50 20 30
Southern East Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 250 115 135 10 0 5
Woods Cree 780 370 410 10 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 15,860 7,710 8,155 125 55 70
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 10 5 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 935 445 490 60 15 45
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 5 0
Ojibway 925 440 485 55 10 45
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 7,860 3,800 4,060 55 20 30
Northern Athabaskan languages 7,860 3,805 4,055 50 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 7,855 3,800 4,055 15 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 10 20 20 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 10 15 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 0 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 235 110 125 10 5 5
Salish languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 0 5 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 230 110 120 95 25 65
Dakota 195 85 105 20 10 15
Stoney 5 0 0 70 20 50
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 20 10 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 128,620 63,510 65,110 364,210 175,875 188,335
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,770 3,560 3,215 28,975 15,200 13,775
Berber languages 10 5 0 135 75 60
Kabyle 5 0 0 60 30 30
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 70 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,050 505 545 2,460 1,225 1,240
Bilen 55 25 30 50 25 20
Oromo 195 100 90 940 485 460
Somali 775 355 415 1,460 705 755
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 5 5
Semitic languages 5,685 3,035 2,650 26,340 13,875 12,465
Amharic 290 140 155 4,050 1,955 2,090
Arabic 4,040 2,200 1,840 18,390 9,875 8,510
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 160 145 280 150 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 80 40 40
Harari 5 0 0 70 40 30
Hebrew 75 45 30 480 240 240
Maltese 10 5 5 30 15 20
Tigrigna 680 340 340 2,750 1,460 1,290
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 210 100 110
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 45 30 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,560 1,250 1,305 13,400 6,260 7,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 70 70 840 400 435
Vietnamese 2,420 1,180 1,235 12,550 5,855 6,695
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 0 5
Austronesian languages 23,415 11,130 12,280 46,440 20,160 26,280
Bikol 85 40 40 190 80 105
Cebuano 1,545 685 855 1,930 825 1,105
Fijian 25 20 5 40 20 15
Hiligaynon 255 120 140 665 260 400
Ilocano 790 370 415 2,545 1,110 1,435
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 125 55 70 765 330 430
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 175 80 95 260 130 130
Pangasinan 40 15 25 125 50 75
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,045 9,590 10,455 39,285 17,065 22,215
Waray-Waray 60 30 35 140 70 75
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 265 125 140 470 195 275
Creole languages 220 105 120 605 305 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 150 70 80 410 205 210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 180 95 85
Dravidian languages 1,560 865 700 5,145 2,675 2,470
Kannada 60 35 30 285 140 145
Malayalam 850 455 395 2,085 1,075 1,015
Tamil 350 200 150 1,815 960 855
Telugu 285 165 120 930 495 435
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 25 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 90 45 45
Indo-European languages 73,170 36,230 36,930 175,540 86,895 88,640
Albanian 380 190 190 1,325 700 625
Armenian 70 40 30 245 125 120
Balto-Slavic languages 18,460 8,490 9,970 29,595 13,845 15,750
Baltic languages 175 85 90 495 230 265
Latvian 100 45 50 170 75 90
Lithuanian 75 40 35 325 155 170
Slavic languages 18,285 8,400 9,885 29,105 13,615 15,485
Belarusan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bosnian 225 110 120 780 390 395
Bulgarian 65 35 30 925 475 450
Croatian 455 240 220 1,890 930 960
Czech 235 115 125 1,360 640 725
Macedonian 55 30 30 150 75 75
Polish 1,865 850 1,015 7,680 3,610 4,065
Russian 3,045 1,460 1,580 9,255 4,185 5,070
Serbian 465 235 225 1,815 910 905
Serbo-Croatian 120 60 65 515 245 265
Slovak 115 60 55 1,075 520 555
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 40 45 235 105 135
Ukrainian 11,270 5,035 6,230 3,345 1,485 1,860
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 290 145 145 50 30 25
Celtic languages 60 30 30 115 60 60
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 50 20 25
Welsh 30 10 15 55 30 25
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 5 15 10 10
Germanic languages 24,455 11,710 12,745 15,660 7,500 8,155
Afrikaans 880 450 430 800 395 405
Danish 255 145 110 750 385 370
Dutch 1,385 685 700 3,435 1,720 1,720
Frisian 30 20 10 30 15 15
German 21,320 10,150 11,170 9,895 4,655 5,245
Icelandic 55 20 25 60 35 30
Norwegian 310 140 165 225 90 130
Swedish 150 60 90 275 125 155
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 35 90 45 50
Yiddish 25 10 10 80 40 45
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 10 0
Greek 935 490 445 1,470 735 735
Indo-Iranian languages 22,335 12,065 10,270 87,130 44,155 42,975
Indo-Aryan languages 19,995 10,780 9,210 74,315 37,490 36,825
Bengali 2,795 1,495 1,300 4,070 2,080 1,985
Gujarati 2,510 1,420 1,090 5,390 2,715 2,675
Hindi 1,545 880 665 7,050 3,595 3,455
Kashmiri 20 10 10 80 45 40
Konkani 35 15 10 165 85 85
Marathi 140 80 55 845 435 410
Nepali 770 400 370 1,925 1,010 915
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 10 100 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,250 2,890 2,360 35,780 18,020 17,760
Sindhi 120 65 55 1,675 785 890
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 130 135 925 450 470
Urdu 6,520 3,380 3,135 16,320 8,220 8,095
Iranian languages 2,065 1,130 940 11,875 6,170 5,705
Kurdish 145 80 65 740 395 345
Pashto 555 315 235 1,610 825 785
Persian (Farsi) 1,370 735 635 9,525 4,955 4,570
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 155 120 935 490 445
Italic (Romance) languages 6,470 3,225 3,250 39,990 19,765 20,225
Catalan 5 0 0 45 15 30
Italian 705 365 340 5,000 2,550 2,455
Portuguese 615 265 350 3,360 1,600 1,760
Romanian 850 425 430 4,495 2,285 2,210
Spanish 4,290 2,165 2,125 27,075 13,310 13,765
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Japanese 320 100 220 2,310 815 1,495
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 130 70 55
Georgian 5 0 5 125 70 55
Korean 1,670 800 865 8,880 4,110 4,770
Mongolic languages 40 20 25 450 210 240
Mongolian 40 20 25 450 210 240
Niger-Congo languages 2,310 1,235 1,075 5,580 2,865 2,720
Akan (Twi) 190 115 75 640 335 305
Bamanankan 0 0 5 10 5 5
Edo 35 20 15 100 65 40
Ewe 50 30 20 60 35 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 5 80 45 35
Ga 20 15 5 55 30 25
Ganda 35 15 20 40 20 20
Igbo 215 125 90 680 365 320
Lingala 30 20 15 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 145 85 65 140 70 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 55 60 115 60 60
Shona 90 55 40 290 145 145
Swahili 425 220 205 760 370 390
Wolof 20 10 10 120 65 55
Yoruba 465 240 220 1,375 720 650
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 430 220 215 1,040 515 525
Nilo-Saharan languages 335 195 140 1,495 735 755
Dinka 115 70 45 720 360 360
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 120 100 770 375 395
Sign languages 200 100 100 235 130 105
American Sign Language 65 35 35 85 45 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,500 6,700 6,795 68,130 32,075 36,060
Chinese languages 12,460 6,165 6,290 66,895 31,460 35,430
Cantonese 3,775 1,830 1,950 33,700 15,840 17,865
Hakka 35 20 15 340 155 190
Mandarin 7,230 3,600 3,630 28,355 13,370 14,985
Min Dong 5 0 0 45 20 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 210 110 100 1,675 745 925
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 25 370 170 195
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,135 570 565 2,400 1,155 1,245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,040 530 505 1,240 610 620
Burmese 180 115 65 260 135 130
Karenic languages 810 395 415 280 130 150
Tibetan 15 5 10 545 280 270
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 145 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 525 235 290 1,005 365 640
Lao 345 175 170 430 200 235
Thai 180 55 125 565 165 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 360 185 175 1,725 945 775
Azerbaijani 25 10 10 240 135 105
Turkish 290 155 130 1,210 685 525
Uyghur 5 0 5 60 25 30
Uzbek 30 5 15 70 35 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 140 60 75
Uralic languages 1,555 735 820 3,760 1,810 1,950
Estonian 20 10 10 85 45 45
Finnish 205 85 120 280 105 170
Hungarian 1,330 650 685 3,395 1,655 1,735
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 320 195 130
Multiple responses 18,560 8,955 9,605 38,125 18,560 19,560
English and French 2,045 985 1,060 3,195 1,530 1,670
English and non-official language 15,925 7,675 8,245 33,170 16,195 16,975
French and non-official language 315 150 165 1,005 510 490
English, French and non-official language 280 145 135 750 320 430
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,083,240 539,100 544,130 1,227,990 612,735 615,255
Single responses 1,049,130 522,390 526,740 1,145,000 572,180 572,820
Official languages 968,625 481,845 486,780 932,600 468,485 464,115
English 964,640 479,915 484,730 924,945 464,585 460,360
French 3,985 1,930 2,050 7,650 3,905 3,750
Non-official languages 80,505 40,540 39,960 212,405 103,695 108,710
Aboriginal languages 16,605 8,355 8,245 185 90 95
Algonquian languages 10,145 5,185 4,960 125 65 60
Blackfoot 0 0 0 60 30 30
Cree-Montagnais languages 10,000 5,105 4,895 60 30 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,195 580 610 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 95 40 55 0 0 0
Woods Cree 180 100 85 5 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 8,525 4,380 4,145 55 30 25
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140 75 65 5 0 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 145 80 70 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 6,360 3,130 3,235 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 6,365 3,130 3,230 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 6,360 3,130 3,230 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 0 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 5
Michif 45 20 25 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 50 25 20 25 10 15
Dakota 35 15 10 15 0 5
Stoney 0 0 0 15 10 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 63,905 32,185 31,720 212,220 103,610 108,615
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,625 2,340 2,290 17,955 9,170 8,785
Berber languages 0 0 0 60 35 25
Kabyle 5 0 0 25 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 15
Cushitic languages 720 335 380 1,640 800 845
Bilen 30 15 15 50 25 25
Oromo 140 75 70 705 345 350
Somali 530 245 290 890 425 465
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 5 0 5
Semitic languages 3,900 1,995 1,905 16,240 8,325 7,910
Amharic 150 75 70 2,705 1,295 1,405
Arabic 2,890 1,500 1,390 10,795 5,585 5,200
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 105 120 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 60 55 70 35 30
Harari 0 0 0 45 25 25
Hebrew 25 10 15 240 120 120
Maltese 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tigrigna 430 205 220 2,045 1,085 955
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 145 70 75
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 10 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,740 850 895 8,780 4,135 4,645
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 25 430 210 215
Vietnamese 1,700 830 865 8,350 3,920 4,425
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 5
Austronesian languages 12,515 6,210 6,300 24,830 11,580 13,255
Bikol 15 5 10 30 15 20
Cebuano 580 280 295 820 385 430
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hiligaynon 110 60 50 205 90 110
Ilocano 240 115 120 1,020 475 545
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 35 20 15 230 125 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 35 35 65 30 35
Pangasinan 10 5 5 20 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,345 5,630 5,715 22,235 10,355 11,880
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 50 25 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 145 60 85
Creole languages 95 35 65 280 145 140
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 210 110 110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 65 35 30
Dravidian languages 845 440 410 3,120 1,590 1,535
Kannada 20 10 10 115 60 55
Malayalam 525 265 260 1,280 650 630
Tamil 155 90 65 1,160 585 570
Telugu 145 75 70 550 285 265
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 31,235 15,915 15,325 97,370 48,430 48,940
Albanian 205 100 100 610 330 285
Armenian 45 25 20 105 50 55
Balto-Slavic languages 5,170 2,560 2,610 13,305 6,505 6,800
Baltic languages 80 35 45 230 120 110
Latvian 40 20 20 75 45 35
Lithuanian 40 15 25 150 80 70
Slavic languages 5,090 2,525 2,560 13,075 6,385 6,695
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Bosnian 85 45 40 350 175 175
Bulgarian 35 20 15 470 240 230
Croatian 170 85 85 675 335 345
Czech 30 20 15 395 190 200
Macedonian 35 15 15 80 35 40
Polish 480 220 255 3,130 1,515 1,615
Russian 1,725 875 840 5,645 2,730 2,915
Serbian 270 140 130 930 455 470
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 25 175 90 90
Slovak 30 15 15 420 205 210
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 35 15 25
Ukrainian 2,010 985 1,025 760 385 370
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 5 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 5 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages 8,110 3,990 4,120 2,050 965 1,090
Afrikaans 530 275 250 405 195 215
Danish 10 5 0 60 25 30
Dutch 200 110 95 395 195 200
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 0
German 7,290 3,565 3,725 1,075 505 580
Icelandic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Norwegian 10 5 10 25 10 15
Swedish 10 5 10 50 20 25
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 10 5 5
Yiddish 5 0 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 5 0 0
Greek 395 190 205 475 225 255
Indo-Iranian languages 14,385 7,560 6,825 58,850 29,535 29,315
Indo-Aryan languages 12,960 6,820 6,140 50,505 25,335 25,170
Bengali 1,915 980 930 2,715 1,360 1,355
Gujarati 1,585 865 720 3,055 1,530 1,525
Hindi 880 490 390 3,980 2,050 1,930
Kashmiri 5 0 0 45 25 25
Konkani 10 5 5 35 15 15
Marathi 55 30 30 445 225 215
Nepali 570 290 275 1,330 685 645
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 50 25 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,485 1,885 1,605 26,985 13,525 13,460
Sindhi 55 25 25 720 320 405
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 70 470 235 240
Urdu 4,265 2,180 2,080 10,685 5,345 5,345
Iranian languages 1,280 660 615 7,855 3,950 3,905
Kurdish 65 40 30 450 230 220
Pashto 345 185 160 1,030 520 505
Persian (Farsi) 865 435 430 6,375 3,195 3,175
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 65 490 250 240
Italic (Romance) languages 2,920 1,480 1,435 21,950 10,805 11,145
Catalan 0 0 0 20 10 15
Italian 155 80 75 1,215 535 680
Portuguese 220 100 115 1,645 790 855
Romanian 315 165 150 2,330 1,195 1,135
Spanish 2,220 1,130 1,085 16,740 8,270 8,470
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 120 45 75 1,070 470 600
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 80 45 35
Georgian 0 0 0 80 45 35
Korean 1,180 590 595 6,340 3,015 3,325
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 280 130 145
Mongolian 25 10 10 280 130 145
Niger-Congo languages 735 350 380 1,745 840 905
Akan (Twi) 55 30 25 300 155 145
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 10 0 5 25 10 15
Ewe 5 5 5 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 45 20 20
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 10 5 5 0 0 0
Igbo 40 15 20 130 65 70
Lingala 15 10 10 25 5 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 85 45 40 65 30 30
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 25 10 15
Shona 35 25 15 95 40 55
Swahili 200 90 110 340 150 185
Wolof 0 5 0 65 35 30
Yoruba 115 55 55 330 160 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 265 130 140
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 65 70 900 435 465
Dinka 65 30 30 440 215 225
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 460 220 240
Sign languages 285 175 105 315 180 135
American Sign Language 50 30 20 80 40 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 230 150 85 235 140 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,700 4,835 4,865 46,320 22,040 24,280
Chinese languages 8,925 4,450 4,475 45,440 21,595 23,845
Cantonese 2,400 1,140 1,265 22,030 10,280 11,750
Hakka 5 0 0 100 35 65
Mandarin 5,645 2,865 2,780 20,880 10,115 10,765
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 35 670 295 380
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 210 105 100
Chinese, n.o.s. 760 385 380 1,550 770 785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 775 380 395 875 440 440
Burmese 115 65 55 175 85 85
Karenic languages 640 310 335 235 105 125
Tibetan 10 0 5 400 210 190
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 75 35 35
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 105 380 170 215
Lao 125 60 60 175 80 95
Thai 70 25 45 195 85 115
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 195 100 95 975 515 465
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 105 55 45
Turkish 170 90 85 730 390 345
Uyghur 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uzbek 10 5 10 55 25 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 25 25
Uralic languages 240 125 120 1,300 635 660
Estonian 10 0 5 15 5 10
Finnish 15 10 5 35 20 15
Hungarian 215 110 105 1,245 610 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 115 70 45
Multiple responses 34,110 16,720 17,395 82,990 40,555 42,435
English and French 1,210 575 635 2,155 1,080 1,075
English and non-official language 32,250 15,810 16,435 79,255 38,725 40,530
French and non-official language 150 85 70 365 180 190
English, French and non-official language 495 250 250 1,210 570 645
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,083,235 539,100 544,130 1,227,990 612,735 615,260
None 983,935 490,490 493,450 1,014,475 509,200 505,275
English 41,920 21,045 20,875 92,865 46,230 46,640
French 9,340 4,085 5,255 11,900 5,445 6,460
Non-official language 46,495 22,705 23,785 104,880 49,940 54,940
Aboriginal 13,490 6,445 7,050 605 235 370
Non-Aboriginal 33,005 16,265 16,740 104,275 49,700 54,570
English and French 170 85 85 645 325 320
English and non-official language 860 440 420 2,065 1,050 1,015
French and non-official language 495 245 255 1,135 540 600
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 35 15 15
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 857,270 424,245 433,025 996,060 494,565 501,495
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 822,620 407,715 414,905 945,615 469,550 476,070
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,299 46,117 31,978 43,333 52,567 35,523
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 822,745 407,730 415,015 945,805 469,600 476,200
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,570 40,492 29,564 38,526 45,397 32,360
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 750,515 378,290 372,225 884,260 449,220 435,035
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,883 45,587 29,314 43,209 52,402 34,920
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 550,165 236,760 313,405 544,200 215,790 328,410
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,340 4,200 5,870 2,946 1,859 3,371
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 636,955 331,975 304,970 770,235 400,100 370,135
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,612 44,551 30,027 43,651 52,203 36,026
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 857,300 424,265 433,030 996,120 494,600 501,525
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,545 407,840 414,705 946,230 469,750 476,475
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,409 58,791 40,184 67,741 85,451 50,281
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,655 407,855 414,800 946,390 469,800 476,590
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,933 47,453 34,523 53,891 66,207 41,751
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 750,475 378,445 372,035 884,545 449,360 435,190
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,491 58,779 38,026 68,494 86,269 50,141
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 549,500 236,590 312,910 544,120 215,640 328,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,734 7,322 8,045 6,455 6,376 6,506
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 636,950 331,745 305,205 770,370 400,145 370,220
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,853 55,728 37,207 64,566 79,599 48,317
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 857,295 424,260 433,030 996,115 494,600 501,520
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 302,780 173,250 129,525 361,435 205,885 155,550
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,368 62,070 48,579 65,915 73,266 57,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,855 72,366 54,808 89,570 103,761 70,786
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.5 92.8 84.8 94.6 96.6 91.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.2 76.8 68.0 77.3 79.2 74.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.5 7.2 15.2 5.4 3.4 8.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 857,270 424,245 433,025 996,060 494,560 501,495
Without total income 34,645 16,530 18,120 50,440 25,010 25,425
With total income 822,620 407,715 414,905 945,615 469,550 476,070
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 94.9 94.9 94.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,780 47,325 58,455 123,490 48,715 74,780
$10,000 to $19,999 118,380 46,195 72,180 118,360 47,940 70,420
$20,000 to $29,999 107,890 42,345 65,545 107,775 43,800 63,980
$30,000 to $39,999 95,605 41,315 54,295 92,335 41,430 50,905
$40,000 to $49,999 89,285 42,260 47,025 88,770 42,425 46,340
$50,000 to $59,999 70,395 36,950 33,450 76,030 38,275 37,750
$60,000 to $69,999 53,855 31,055 22,795 62,505 33,360 29,145
$70,000 to $79,999 41,930 25,290 16,645 50,165 28,230 21,930
$80,000 to $89,999 34,305 20,750 13,560 40,150 23,135 17,015
$90,000 to $99,999 26,165 16,100 10,060 34,095 19,475 14,620
$100,000 and over 79,030 58,125 20,905 151,945 102,765 49,180
$100,000 to $149,999 56,160 40,025 16,140 83,680 52,265 31,415
$150,000 and over 22,870 18,100 4,770 68,265 50,500 17,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 857,270 424,245 433,025 996,060 494,565 501,495
Without after-tax income 34,520 16,515 18,010 50,250 24,960 25,290
With after-tax income 822,745 407,730 415,015 945,805 469,600 476,200
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.0 95.0 95.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,310 48,150 60,160 126,445 49,655 76,795
$10,000 to $19,999 123,690 48,420 75,275 123,495 50,260 73,235
$20,000 to $29,999 125,285 50,160 75,125 124,575 51,395 73,180
$30,000 to $39,999 119,460 54,365 65,100 115,600 53,865 61,730
$40,000 to $49,999 103,250 52,900 50,350 107,305 53,480 53,820
$50,000 to $59,999 73,855 42,315 31,540 83,880 44,665 39,215
$60,000 to $69,999 53,925 32,645 21,280 62,925 35,635 27,290
$70,000 to $79,999 38,615 23,385 15,235 47,940 27,740 20,200
$80,000 and over 76,345 55,395 20,950 153,640 102,905 50,740
$80,000 to $89,999 24,935 16,370 8,560 36,175 21,090 15,085
$90,000 to $99,999 16,260 11,815 4,445 24,895 15,460 9,435
$100,000 and over 35,155 27,210 7,945 92,575 66,355 26,220
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 857,270 424,245 433,025 996,060 494,560 501,495
Without employment income 220,320 92,270 128,055 225,825 94,465 131,365
With employment income 636,950 331,980 304,970 770,235 400,100 370,135
Percentage with employment income 74.3 78.3 70.4 77.3 80.9 73.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 82,210 38,805 43,410 80,405 36,480 43,935
$5,000 to $9,999 46,620 20,310 26,310 49,695 21,210 28,490
$10,000 to $19,999 77,480 33,900 43,575 84,830 36,960 47,870
$20,000 to $29,999 68,175 29,285 38,885 73,285 31,745 41,545
$30,000 to $39,999 66,120 29,825 36,295 70,585 32,870 37,715
$40,000 to $49,999 61,800 29,930 31,870 69,295 33,670 35,620
$50,000 to $59,999 51,075 27,565 23,510 60,915 30,840 30,075
$60,000 to $69,999 39,805 23,605 16,195 50,390 27,590 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 32,265 20,015 12,255 41,340 23,475 17,870
$80,000 and over 111,405 78,745 32,665 189,485 125,275 64,215
$80,000 to $89,999 28,240 17,220 11,020 33,865 19,910 13,955
$90,000 to $99,999 21,415 13,645 7,770 29,740 17,070 12,665
$100,000 and over 61,750 47,885 13,870 125,885 88,300 37,590
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 432,625 ... ... 466,725 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,412 ... ... 97,334 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,784 ... ... 83,074 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 121,175 ... ... 114,185 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,188 ... ... 52,342 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,099 ... ... 44,659 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 311,450 ... ... 352,535 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,530 ... ... 115,403 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,696 ... ... 98,205 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 432,620 ... ... 466,740 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,942 ... ... 137,333 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,837 ... ... 109,274 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 121,040 ... ... 114,230 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,880 ... ... 71,392 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,555 ... ... 56,974 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 311,580 ... ... 352,510 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,447 ... ... 158,700 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,320 ... ... 126,221 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 432,625 ... ... 466,725 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,930 ... ... 7,100 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,575 ... ... 4,365 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,675 ... ... 5,260 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,025 ... ... 9,365 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,845 ... ... 13,750 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,875 ... ... 10,680 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,700 ... ... 11,875 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,410 ... ... 12,920 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 17,345 ... ... 13,220 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,525 ... ... 13,585 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,595 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,700 ... ... 28,785 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,605 ... ... 27,960 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,810 ... ... 27,130 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,280 ... ... 25,690 ... ...
$100,000 and over 154,720 ... ... 226,710 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 48,375 ... ... 55,750 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,320 ... ... 42,560 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,875 ... ... 54,985 ... ...
$200,000 and over 30,160 ... ... 73,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 432,625 ... ... 466,725 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,355 ... ... 7,680 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,680 ... ... 4,435 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,860 ... ... 5,445 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,625 ... ... 9,785 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,275 ... ... 14,760 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,325 ... ... 12,320 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,700 ... ... 14,280 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 20,990 ... ... 15,685 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 20,395 ... ... 16,750 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,790 ... ... 17,600 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,680 ... ... 35,505 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,255 ... ... 35,045 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 32,575 ... ... 33,935 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,995 ... ... 31,940 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,545 ... ... 28,545 ... ...
$100,000 and over 114,570 ... ... 183,020 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 47,890 ... ... 57,420 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,680 ... ... 40,215 ... ...
$150,000 and over 36,995 ... ... 85,380 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 299,345 ... ... 331,360 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,747 ... ... 113,975 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,065 ... ... 96,963 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 122,845 ... ... 113,295 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,865 ... ... 106,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,765 ... ... 90,329 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 124,285 ... ... 163,305 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,530 ... ... 135,376 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,656 ... ... 114,195 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 44,110 ... ... 43,290 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,749 ... ... 67,076 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,776 ... ... 60,299 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 299,455 ... ... 331,360 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,031 ... ... 159,323 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,825 ... ... 126,269 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 123,045 ... ... 113,280 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,889 ... ... 154,614 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,074 ... ... 121,663 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 124,275 ... ... 163,395 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,718 ... ... 183,534 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,601 ... ... 144,540 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 44,125 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,208 ... ... 88,790 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,678 ... ... 74,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 161,805 82,400 79,405 187,270 98,085 89,180
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,875 40,000 32,247 44,339 47,217 41,240
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,415 35,306 29,777 38,945 40,894 36,765
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 161,560 82,510 79,050 186,880 98,015 88,865
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,756 49,739 41,598 60,494 65,469 55,006
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,229 40,766 35,581 49,024 52,251 45,465
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,070,555 533,385 537,175 1,222,325 610,570 611,755
In the bottom half of the distribution 506,055 243,040 263,010 453,645 221,015 232,630
In the bottom decile 111,770 55,530 56,245 90,080 44,995 45,085
In the second decile 104,900 46,610 58,285 80,640 37,540 43,105
In the third decile 94,035 44,535 49,500 87,230 41,835 45,390
In the fourth decile 96,045 47,015 49,030 93,300 45,835 47,460
In the fifth decile 99,300 49,350 49,950 102,395 50,805 51,590
In the top half of the distribution 564,505 290,345 274,160 768,680 389,560 379,125
In the sixth decile 104,200 52,705 51,495 109,200 54,675 54,525
In the seventh decile 109,400 55,670 53,725 117,280 58,930 58,350
In the eighth decile 115,215 59,255 55,965 130,300 65,880 64,420
In the ninth decile 121,965 62,875 59,085 156,320 78,930 77,390
In the top decile 113,730 59,840 53,885 255,580 131,145 124,435
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,014,605 505,225 509,380 1,222,325 610,575 611,755
0 to 17 years 230,205 117,925 112,275 267,250 137,070 130,175
0 to 5 years 79,345 40,700 38,645 93,505 47,960 45,550
18 to 64 years 631,280 316,125 315,155 827,250 413,850 413,395
65 years and over 153,120 71,180 81,950 127,825 59,645 68,180
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 130,220 60,375 69,845 113,505 54,495 59,010
0 to 17 years 41,010 20,960 20,050 34,415 17,720 16,695
0 to 5 years 15,420 7,850 7,575 12,405 6,375 6,030
18 to 64 years 67,080 31,315 35,765 68,340 32,690 35,650
65 years and over 22,130 8,100 14,025 10,750 4,085 6,665
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.0 13.7 9.3 8.9 9.6
0 to 17 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.9 12.9 12.9 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.6 13.3 13.3 13.2
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 9.9 11.3 8.3 7.9 8.6
65 years and over (%) 14.5 11.4 17.1 8.4 6.8 9.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 59,440 29,890 29,545 106,240 52,725 53,510
0 to 17 years 17,870 9,140 8,735 28,440 14,665 13,775
0 to 5 years 7,005 3,540 3,465 10,190 5,245 4,945
18 to 64 years 38,775 19,470 19,305 71,435 35,475 35,960
65 years and over 2,795 1,280 1,510 6,365 2,590 3,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 5.9 5.8 8.7 8.6 8.7
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.8 7.8 10.6 10.7 10.6
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.7 9.0 10.9 10.9 10.9
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.2 6.1 8.6 8.6 8.7
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.8 1.8 5.0 4.3 5.5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,070,560 533,385 537,175 1,222,405 610,605 611,800
Official languages 1,062,885 529,920 532,965 1,193,310 598,385 594,930
English 1,062,275 529,630 532,645 1,192,105 597,855 594,250
French 51,325 23,600 27,725 90,250 41,750 48,490
Non-official languages 187,450 91,805 95,645 460,425 223,355 237,065
Aboriginal languages 38,110 18,390 19,720 1,140 445 700
Algonquian languages 28,270 13,675 14,590 820 320 500
Blackfoot 10 10 0 340 115 220
Cree-Montagnais languages 27,065 13,115 13,950 395 170 225
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 40 30 15 0 10 0
Plains Cree 3,665 1,770 1,900 90 35 55
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 470 185 285 15 0 10
Woods Cree 1,260 570 695 55 15 40
Cree, n.o.s. 21,870 10,695 11,175 235 110 115
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,310 620 695 105 40 60
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 1,300 610 690 90 35 55
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 9,120 4,350 4,770 130 55 75
Northern Athabaskan languages 9,105 4,345 4,760 125 55 70
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 10 10
Dene 9,105 4,350 4,755 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 85 40 50
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 35 15 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 10 10 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 505 240 260 20 10 20
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 10
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 510 255 250 115 30 90
Dakota 415 205 210 65 25 35
Stoney 10 10 0 80 20 65
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 20 15 10 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 149,475 73,470 76,000 459,295 222,920 236,375
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,595 4,585 4,015 40,620 21,290 19,330
Berber languages 40 35 0 200 140 60
Kabyle 10 10 0 110 60 45
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0 90 80 10
Cushitic languages 1,305 620 690 3,580 1,825 1,760
Bilen 85 40 45 65 40 25
Oromo 160 70 90 1,370 715 655
Somali 1,090 520 570 2,175 1,085 1,090
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Semitic languages 7,500 4,075 3,425 37,460 19,700 17,760
Amharic 545 255 290 5,740 2,905 2,835
Arabic 5,605 3,165 2,435 27,555 14,645 12,905
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 505 240 265 300 145 155
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 195 95 100 90 45 50
Harari 0 0 0 100 50 45
Hebrew 470 245 230 1,550 745 810
Maltese 0 0 0 30 20 15
Tigrigna 705 350 355 3,555 1,925 1,630
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 120 125 245 135 110
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 160 90 65
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,315 1,685 1,635 17,275 8,245 9,035
Khmer (Cambodian) 210 105 105 1,140 620 520
Vietnamese 3,105 1,580 1,525 16,190 7,650 8,540
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 29,705 14,065 15,640 58,445 25,225 33,215
Bikol 90 30 55 165 70 100
Cebuano 2,115 945 1,170 2,675 1,205 1,475
Fijian 20 10 10 120 65 50
Hiligaynon 285 130 150 920 365 560
Ilocano 785 365 415 3,640 1,580 2,065
Malagasy 10 0 0 45 15 25
Malay 215 95 115 1,440 675 765
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 265 130 135 415 205 210
Pangasinan 45 25 20 205 80 120
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,655 13,575 15,080 55,265 23,695 31,570
Waray-Waray 35 25 10 190 70 115
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 300 145 155 555 230 320
Creole languages 495 230 270 1,665 820 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 240 95 145 1,070 535 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 565 270 295
Dravidian languages 2,190 1,205 980 7,040 3,690 3,355
Kannada 115 65 55 530 270 270
Malayalam 1,170 625 540 2,475 1,305 1,170
Tamil 635 345 290 3,165 1,655 1,505
Telugu 435 270 165 1,290 675 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 70 35 35
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 85 40 40
Indo-European languages 81,985 40,685 41,300 231,885 115,155 116,730
Albanian 560 275 285 1,680 885 795
Armenian 115 65 45 295 165 130
Balto-Slavic languages 20,395 9,470 10,925 34,560 16,785 17,780
Baltic languages 225 120 110 585 280 310
Latvian 135 60 70 230 110 115
Lithuanian 95 60 35 355 165 195
Slavic languages 20,265 9,400 10,860 34,195 16,615 17,580
Belarusan 20 0 15 70 30 40
Bosnian 325 155 165 1,230 655 575
Bulgarian 75 40 35 1,075 575 500
Croatian 605 355 250 2,515 1,245 1,275
Czech 300 155 150 1,620 770 855
Macedonian 65 35 35 270 145 120
Polish 2,185 1,040 1,145 8,920 4,255 4,660
Russian 5,275 2,585 2,690 13,255 6,395 6,860
Serbian 790 410 385 2,305 1,140 1,160
Serbo-Croatian 80 30 50 570 305 260
Slovak 125 85 40 1,460 800 655
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 50 50 285 130 150
Ukrainian 13,090 5,770 7,325 4,455 2,020 2,440
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 345 205 140 60 30 30
Celtic languages 165 105 65 440 210 235
Scottish Gaelic 55 35 25 165 75 90
Welsh 50 30 20 90 50 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 45 20 190 75 115
Germanic languages 21,275 10,435 10,840 24,095 11,910 12,185
Afrikaans 1,455 750 705 1,650 890 755
Danish 320 195 125 930 445 490
Dutch 1,510 720 790 4,235 2,085 2,150
Frisian 25 15 15 55 25 30
German 17,390 8,525 8,870 16,720 8,360 8,360
Icelandic 70 40 30 80 40 40
Norwegian 415 180 235 450 175 280
Swedish 230 95 130 600 280 320
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 25 50 110 60 50
Yiddish 75 35 30 175 95 80
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 265 135 125 60 20 40
Greek 1,470 725 745 2,310 1,165 1,145
Indo-Iranian languages 27,395 14,650 12,740 108,445 55,085 53,365
Indo-Aryan languages 25,355 13,530 11,825 96,045 48,500 47,545
Bengali 3,520 1,895 1,620 4,990 2,500 2,485
Gujarati 3,320 1,760 1,555 8,355 4,065 4,290
Hindi 8,040 4,480 3,560 28,410 14,550 13,855
Kashmiri 40 25 20 60 45 20
Konkani 40 30 15 375 195 180
Marathi 185 120 70 1,545 800 740
Nepali 835 435 400 2,215 1,225 990
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 150 70 75
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,300 4,635 3,665 47,135 23,930 23,205
Sindhi 180 105 75 2,630 1,160 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 355 205 150 1,355 680 685
Urdu 9,455 4,815 4,635 24,965 12,745 12,225
Iranian languages 2,285 1,240 1,040 13,280 6,975 6,310
Kurdish 145 90 60 950 525 430
Pashto 555 315 240 2,160 1,165 995
Persian (Farsi) 1,630 870 760 10,520 5,530 4,995
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 135 140 1,135 615 525
Italic (Romance) languages 12,660 6,085 6,570 65,745 31,920 33,825
Catalan 0 10 0 70 40 30
Italian 1,360 670 690 8,875 4,385 4,485
Portuguese 885 380 505 4,955 2,430 2,525
Romanian 1,105 525 575 5,580 2,885 2,695
Spanish 9,605 4,635 4,965 48,685 23,475 25,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 70 40 30
Japanese 1,205 540 665 4,140 1,865 2,275
Kartvelian languages 15 0 15 125 75 50
Georgian 15 0 10 125 75 55
Korean 1,930 850 1,080 9,895 4,585 5,305
Mongolic languages 55 20 30 650 305 345
Mongolian 60 25 30 655 305 345
Niger-Congo languages 4,125 2,245 1,885 11,365 5,780 5,585
Akan (Twi) 355 185 170 1,045 560 485
Bamanankan 0 0 10 15 10 10
Edo 20 0 20 215 130 85
Ewe 100 45 55 70 30 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 45 15 130 75 60
Ga 45 25 15 85 55 35
Ganda 20 10 10 75 30 45
Igbo 625 325 300 1,430 750 685
Lingala 140 70 65 420 225 195
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 150 130 170 95 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 55 105 40 60
Shona 150 90 55 475 205 270
Swahili 950 570 380 2,290 1,145 1,150
Wolof 40 25 15 330 195 135
Yoruba 965 470 495 3,260 1,670 1,595
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 815 480 335 2,055 995 1,060
Nilo-Saharan languages 300 150 145 1,650 760 890
Dinka 100 65 40 785 385 405
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 195 90 105 875 385 490
Sign languages 1,565 585 985 1,495 630 870
American Sign Language 650 215 435 805 305 500
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 915 365 545 710 335 370
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,580 7,115 7,470 78,985 37,685 41,305
Chinese languages 13,630 6,625 7,005 77,495 36,955 40,540
Cantonese 4,675 2,245 2,435 42,445 20,090 22,355
Hakka 30 10 20 425 180 245
Mandarin 8,995 4,335 4,660 38,805 18,290 20,515
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 35 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 260 125 135 2,350 990 1,360
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 30 570 245 320
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,245 620 630 3,020 1,485 1,540
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 960 495 460 1,520 730 785
Burmese 315 185 130 345 160 185
Karenic languages 635 310 325 295 145 150
Tibetan 30 15 10 805 400 395
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 150 60 95
Tai-Kadai languages 635 245 385 1,330 550 780
Lao 410 170 240 555 255 300
Thai 275 105 170 840 320 520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 640 365 285 2,525 1,340 1,185
Azerbaijani 25 20 10 350 165 180
Turkish 530 310 220 1,650 940 710
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 65 70
Uzbek 60 25 35 250 110 135
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 205 95 110
Uralic languages 1,765 850 915 4,550 2,185 2,360
Estonian 20 15 10 110 50 60
Finnish 360 170 190 300 140 160
Hungarian 1,385 670 715 4,135 1,995 2,135
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 210 135 770 435 335
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,070,555 533,385 537,175 1,222,405 610,605 611,795
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 998,035 496,635 501,395 1,075,485 539,490 535,990
Canadian citizens aged under 18 237,720 121,535 116,185 242,840 124,485 118,360
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 760,310 375,105 385,210 832,640 415,005 417,635
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 72,525 36,750 35,780 146,925 71,120 75,805
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,070,560 533,385 537,170 1,222,405 610,610 611,795
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 945,810 470,790 475,025 813,490 411,785 401,705
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,490 55,800 56,690 383,065 185,855 197,210
Before 1981 16,650 8,190 8,465 63,925 31,830 32,095
1981 to 1990 5,545 2,670 2,875 38,270 18,190 20,075
1991 to 2000 9,315 4,645 4,665 64,815 31,015 33,800
2001 to 2010 33,045 16,410 16,635 126,390 61,375 65,015
2001 to 2005 8,670 4,165 4,505 56,820 27,785 29,035
2006 to 2010 24,370 12,245 12,130 69,570 33,590 35,985
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 47,935 23,880 24,055 89,665 43,440 46,220
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,255 6,800 5,455 25,850 12,965 12,880
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,495 55,795 56,695 383,065 185,855 197,210
Under 5 years 12,060 6,100 5,965 34,960 17,830 17,130
5 to 14 years 21,295 11,015 10,280 64,790 33,705 31,085
15 to 24 years 19,295 8,990 10,305 74,550 34,270 40,285
25 to 44 years 50,945 25,060 25,890 172,855 83,030 89,820
45 years and over 8,895 4,635 4,260 35,905 17,020 18,880
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,490 55,800 56,690 383,060 185,855 197,205
Americas 10,765 5,010 5,760 41,020 19,550 21,465
Brazil 185 65 120 1,420 640 780
Colombia 555 275 280 5,580 2,645 2,935
El Salvador 630 290 340 2,335 1,180 1,155
Guyana 155 75 85 825 410 415
Haiti 65 45 20 490 260 235
Jamaica 815 425 395 2,835 1,280 1,550
Mexico 1,330 665 665 4,110 2,050 2,055
Peru 165 60 100 1,080 440 635
Trinidad and Tobago 210 105 110 1,375 655 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,845 2,045 2,800 10,715 4,915 5,800
Other places of birth in Americas 1,805 955 845 10,265 5,080 5,185
Europe 23,640 11,900 11,740 72,990 36,520 36,470
Bosnia and Herzegovina 455 215 245 1,945 990 955
Croatia 445 280 165 1,220 635 580
France 215 90 125 1,200 585 610
Germany 2,575 1,280 1,295 5,710 2,725 2,985
Greece 605 325 280 890 470 425
Hungary 395 215 180 1,840 925 920
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 845 490 355 1,620 850 765
Italy 570 305 265 3,625 1,950 1,675
Netherlands 1,220 585 635 2,890 1,540 1,355
Poland 1,395 690 705 6,420 3,030 3,390
Portugal 220 105 120 1,075 480 590
Romania 695 335 360 4,250 2,135 2,115
Russian Federation 805 345 460 3,875 1,685 2,195
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 585 305 280 1,060 530 530
Ukraine 3,280 1,630 1,650 2,855 1,315 1,545
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,020 3,520 3,505 22,150 11,440 10,705
Other places of birth in Europe 2,320 1,195 1,125 10,360 5,230 5,135
Africa 10,285 5,360 4,925 39,220 20,070 19,155
Algeria 50 35 15 745 400 340
Egypt 435 230 205 2,850 1,515 1,330
Ethiopia 635 285 355 5,195 2,565 2,625
Kenya 425 225 200 2,610 1,275 1,330
Morocco 180 95 80 660 340 315
Nigeria 1,695 845 855 7,385 3,830 3,560
Somalia 635 335 300 1,340 635 710
South Africa, Republic of 1,775 920 855 2,655 1,395 1,265
Other places of birth in Africa 4,455 2,390 2,065 15,790 8,115 7,675
Asia 67,120 33,175 33,945 226,295 107,935 118,360
Afghanistan 515 230 285 3,200 1,715 1,480
Bangladesh 2,575 1,365 1,210 3,110 1,595 1,515
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,485 3,445 4,035 34,550 15,930 18,620
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 765 370 400 10,925 5,310 5,615
India 9,630 5,190 4,435 44,365 22,305 22,060
IranCensus data footnote 61 785 465 325 5,675 2,920 2,755
Iraq 1,175 625 550 3,545 1,895 1,650
Japan 265 65 200 1,490 435 1,055
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,120 475 645 6,980 3,265 3,715
Lebanon 255 160 90 4,130 2,190 1,940
Pakistan 6,860 3,575 3,280 17,090 8,885 8,205
Philippines 26,860 12,655 14,210 51,550 22,480 29,065
Sri Lanka 440 235 205 1,965 1,010 955
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,155 610 550 2,150 1,125 1,025
Taiwan 180 80 100 2,185 925 1,255
Viet Nam 2,615 1,340 1,280 14,875 6,955 7,920
Other places of birth in Asia 4,425 2,290 2,140 18,515 9,005 9,515
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 675 350 325 3,535 1,775 1,755
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 47,935 23,880 24,055 89,665 43,445 46,220
Americas 2,320 1,090 1,230 8,735 4,390 4,340
Brazil 45 10 35 510 230 285
Colombia 115 55 65 1,250 600 650
Cuba 35 20 15 125 60 65
Haiti 10 10 0 140 95 50
Jamaica 405 230 180 425 220 210
Mexico 435 215 225 1,790 960 835
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 745 330 420 1,875 900 975
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 10 30 1,105 540 560
Other places of birth in Americas 490 220 270 1,505 785 715
Europe 4,855 2,405 2,455 8,680 4,445 4,235
France 50 15 45 270 155 115
Germany 190 105 80 420 195 225
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 525 315 205 575 360 210
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 100 50 50 420 240 180
Romania 95 35 60 580 290 285