Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saskatchewan [Province] and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatchewan

[Province]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : Saskatchewan [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,098,352 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,033,381 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 495,582 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 432,622 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.9 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 588,243.54 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,098,350 545,785 552,565 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 215,685 110,410 105,275 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 73,130 37,335 35,795 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 74,460 38,155 36,305 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 68,095 34,920 33,175 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 712,240 358,110 354,130 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 67,660 34,675 32,980 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 70,060 36,075 33,985 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 77,525 39,290 38,235 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 77,520 38,610 38,915 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 71,590 35,940 35,650 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 64,950 32,515 32,440 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 63,580 31,780 31,795 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 75,245 37,230 38,015 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 76,195 38,070 38,125 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 67,915 33,935 33,985 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 170,425 77,265 93,160 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 53,230 26,285 26,945 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 37,740 18,225 19,510 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 29,400 13,415 15,985 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 23,115 9,945 13,170 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 26,940 9,395 17,550 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 16,280 6,305 9,975 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 8,000 2,515 5,485 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 2,290 520 1,760 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 375 50 325 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.6 20.2 19.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.8 65.6 64.1 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.5 14.2 16.9 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 37.8 36.9 38.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 432,620 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 314,340 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,520 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 98,435 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,705 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 18,535 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,385 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 57,115 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 700 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 9,325 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 432,625 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 121,175 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 153,610 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 60,240 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 56,080 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 41,520 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,070,560 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 882,670 435,375 447,290 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 520,430 261,075 259,355 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 437,875 219,800 218,075 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 82,550 41,270 41,280 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 362,240 174,310 187,930 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 242,070 133,750 108,325 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 19,795 8,945 10,855 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 47,180 20,985 26,200 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 53,190 10,635 42,555 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 302,260 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 157,195 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 58,770 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 54,125 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 32,170 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 302,260 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 252,765 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 211,500 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 41,265 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 49,495 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 38,165 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 11,330 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 252,770 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 129,085 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 123,685 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 45,495 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 49,035 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 29,150 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 49,490 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 28,110 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 13,280 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 8,105 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 187,765 95,550 92,210 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 432,620 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 285,675 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,620 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 161,055 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,975 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 138,965 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 121,175 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,795 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,083,240 539,100 544,130 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 1,023,400 511,940 511,460 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 535 255 280 1,810 820 985
English and French 51,360 23,290 28,065 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 7,945 3,620 4,325 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,083,240 539,105 544,135 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 1,060,225 528,155 532,075 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 13,555 6,590 6,960 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,770 890 885 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 7,685 3,475 4,220 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 14,435 7,035 7,405 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,083,240 539,105 544,135 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 1,064,675 530,145 534,530 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 907,715 452,955 454,760 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 892,615 445,635 446,985 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 15,100 7,320 7,775 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 156,960 77,195 79,770 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 28,340 13,685 14,660 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 19,965 9,640 10,325 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 10 5 5 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 19,015 9,190 9,825 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 10 10 0 10
Plains Cree 2,080 975 1,105 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 250 115 135 25 15 10
Woods Cree 780 370 410 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 15,860 7,710 8,155 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 935 445 490 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 925 440 485 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 7,860 3,800 4,060 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 7,860 3,805 4,055 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 7,855 3,800 4,055 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 35 10 20 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 20 10 15 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 235 110 125 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 5 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 5 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 5 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 230 110 120 45 25 20
Dakota 195 85 105 30 15 20
Stoney 5 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 5 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 128,620 63,510 65,110 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,770 3,560 3,215 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,050 505 545 1,505 765 740
Bilen 55 25 30 5 0 0
Oromo 195 100 90 205 115 95
Somali 775 355 415 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 20 10 15
Semitic languages 5,685 3,035 2,650 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 290 140 155 1,370 670 700
Arabic 4,040 2,200 1,840 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 160 145 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 440 245 200
Harari 5 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 75 45 30 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 680 340 340 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,560 1,250 1,305 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 70 70 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 2,420 1,180 1,235 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 23,415 11,130 12,280 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 85 40 40 375 165 215
Cebuano 1,545 685 855 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 25 20 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 255 120 140 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 790 370 415 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 125 55 70 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 175 80 95 700 320 380
Pangasinan 40 15 25 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,045 9,590 10,455 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 60 30 35 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 265 125 140 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 220 105 120 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 150 70 80 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,560 865 700 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 60 35 30 280 150 135
Malayalam 850 455 395 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 350 200 150 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 285 165 120 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 73,170 36,230 36,930 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 380 190 190 1,465 765 705
Armenian 70 40 30 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 18,460 8,490 9,970 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 175 85 90 1,070 485 585
Latvian 100 45 50 565 255 300
Lithuanian 75 40 35 505 225 280
Slavic languages 18,285 8,400 9,885 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 225 110 120 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 65 35 30 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 455 240 220 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 235 115 125 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 55 30 30 325 160 165
Polish 1,865 850 1,015 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 3,045 1,460 1,580 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 465 235 225 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 120 60 65 1,395 670 725
Slovak 115 60 55 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 40 45 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 11,270 5,035 6,230 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 290 145 145 345 175 170
Celtic languages 60 30 30 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 30 10 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 24,455 11,710 12,745 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 880 450 430 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 255 145 110 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,385 685 700 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 30 20 10 295 145 145
German 21,320 10,150 11,170 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 55 20 25 275 135 145
Norwegian 310 140 165 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 150 60 90 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 35 445 220 225
Yiddish 25 10 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 935 490 445 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 22,335 12,065 10,270 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 19,995 10,780 9,210 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 2,795 1,495 1,300 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 2,510 1,420 1,090 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 1,545 880 665 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 20 10 10 65 35 25
Konkani 35 15 10 255 130 125
Marathi 140 80 55 620 325 295
Nepali 770 400 370 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,250 2,890 2,360 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 120 65 55 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 130 135 1,675 845 830
Urdu 6,520 3,380 3,135 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 2,065 1,130 940 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 145 80 65 1,765 945 825
Pashto 555 315 235 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,370 735 635 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 155 120 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 6,470 3,225 3,250 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 705 365 340 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 615 265 350 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 850 425 430 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 4,290 2,165 2,125 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 65 40
Japanese 320 100 220 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 5 85 50 40
Korean 1,670 800 865 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 40 20 25 360 150 205
Mongolian 40 20 25 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 2,310 1,235 1,075 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 190 115 75 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 5 10 5 5
Edo 35 20 15 85 50 35
Ewe 50 30 20 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 5 45 25 20
Ga 20 15 5 45 20 25
Ganda 35 15 20 90 45 45
Igbo 215 125 90 245 145 105
Lingala 30 20 15 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 145 85 65 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 55 60 155 70 80
Shona 90 55 40 215 100 115
Swahili 425 220 205 805 400 405
Wolof 20 10 10 50 25 25
Yoruba 465 240 220 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 430 220 215 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 335 195 140 340 175 165
Dinka 115 70 45 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 120 100 240 115 125
Sign languages 200 100 100 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 65 35 35 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,500 6,700 6,795 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 12,460 6,165 6,290 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 3,775 1,830 1,950 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 35 20 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 7,230 3,600 3,630 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 210 110 100 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 25 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,135 570 565 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,040 530 505 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 180 115 65 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 810 395 415 815 395 425
Tibetan 15 5 10 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 525 235 290 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 345 175 170 1,100 550 550
Thai 180 55 125 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 360 185 175 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 25 10 10 530 290 235
Turkish 290 155 130 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 0 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 30 5 15 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,555 735 820 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 20 10 10 705 295 410
Finnish 205 85 120 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,330 650 685 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 500 280 225
Multiple responses 18,560 8,955 9,605 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 2,045 985 1,060 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 15,925 7,675 8,245 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 315 150 165 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 280 145 135 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,083,240 539,100 544,130 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 1,049,130 522,390 526,740 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 968,625 481,845 486,780 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 964,640 479,915 484,730 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,985 1,930 2,050 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 80,505 40,540 39,960 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 16,605 8,355 8,245 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10,145 5,185 4,960 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10,000 5,105 4,895 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,195 580 610 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 95 40 55 0 0 0
Woods Cree 180 100 85 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 8,525 4,380 4,145 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140 75 65 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 145 80 70 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 6,360 3,130 3,235 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 6,365 3,130 3,230 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 6,360 3,130 3,230 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 45 20 25 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 50 25 20 15 10 5
Dakota 35 15 10 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 63,905 32,185 31,720 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,625 2,340 2,290 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 720 335 380 770 355 415
Bilen 30 15 15 0 0 0
Oromo 140 75 70 90 50 45
Somali 530 245 290 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 3,900 1,995 1,905 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 150 75 70 600 275 320
Arabic 2,890 1,500 1,390 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 105 120 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 60 55 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 25 10 15 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 430 205 220 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,740 850 895 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 25 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,700 830 865 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 12,515 6,210 6,300 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 15 5 10 75 30 35
Cebuano 580 280 295 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 110 60 50 415 175 240
Ilocano 240 115 120 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 35 20 15 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 35 35 150 70 80
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,345 5,630 5,715 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 310 150 160
Creole languages 95 35 65 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 845 440 410 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 20 10 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 525 265 260 1,225 615 605
Tamil 155 90 65 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 145 75 70 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 31,235 15,915 15,325 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 205 100 100 695 335 360
Armenian 45 25 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5,170 2,560 2,610 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 80 35 45 210 90 115
Latvian 40 20 20 80 30 50
Lithuanian 40 15 25 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5,090 2,525 2,560 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 85 45 40 595 300 300
Bulgarian 35 20 15 1,035 485 550
Croatian 170 85 85 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 30 20 15 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 35 15 15 150 75 75
Polish 480 220 255 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,725 875 840 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 270 140 130 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 25 500 235 265
Slovak 30 15 15 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 2,010 985 1,025 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 8,110 3,990 4,120 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 530 275 250 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 0 305 145 160
Dutch 200 110 95 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 7,290 3,565 3,725 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 10 5 10 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 10 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 0 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 15 5 5
Greek 395 190 205 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 14,385 7,560 6,825 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 12,960 6,820 6,140 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 1,915 980 930 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 1,585 865 720 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 880 490 390 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 55 30 30 270 140 130
Nepali 570 290 275 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,485 1,885 1,605 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 55 25 25 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 70 675 330 340
Urdu 4,265 2,180 2,080 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,280 660 615 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 65 40 30 1,080 540 535
Pashto 345 185 160 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 865 435 430 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 65 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,920 1,480 1,435 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 155 80 75 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 220 100 115 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 315 165 150 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 2,220 1,130 1,085 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 120 45 75 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,180 590 595 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 170 80 90
Mongolian 25 10 10 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 735 350 380 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 55 30 25 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 10 0 5 15 10 10
Ewe 5 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 10 5 5 10 5 5
Igbo 40 15 20 40 20 15
Lingala 15 10 10 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 85 45 40 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 60 25 35
Shona 35 25 15 65 25 40
Swahili 200 90 110 200 90 115
Wolof 0 5 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 115 55 55 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 65 70 140 60 75
Dinka 65 30 30 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 285 175 105 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 50 30 20 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 230 150 85 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,700 4,835 4,865 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 8,925 4,450 4,475 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 2,400 1,140 1,265 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 5,645 2,865 2,780 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 35 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 760 385 380 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 775 380 395 1,745 885 865
Burmese 115 65 55 720 375 350
Karenic languages 640 310 335 725 355 370
Tibetan 10 0 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 105 1,380 595 785
Lao 125 60 60 460 225 235
Thai 70 25 45 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 195 100 95 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 170 90 85 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 10 5 10 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 240 125 120 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 15 10 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 215 110 105 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 145 70 75
Multiple responses 34,110 16,720 17,395 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,210 575 635 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 32,250 15,810 16,435 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 150 85 70 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 495 250 250 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,083,235 539,100 544,130 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 983,935 490,490 493,450 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 41,920 21,045 20,875 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 9,340 4,085 5,255 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 46,495 22,705 23,785 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 13,490 6,445 7,050 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 33,005 16,265 16,740 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 170 85 85 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 860 440 420 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 495 245 255 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 857,270 424,245 433,025 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 822,620 407,715 414,905 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,299 46,117 31,978 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 822,745 407,730 415,015 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,570 40,492 29,564 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 750,515 378,290 372,225 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,883 45,587 29,314 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 550,165 236,760 313,405 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,340 4,200 5,870 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 636,955 331,975 304,970 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,612 44,551 30,027 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 857,300 424,265 433,030 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,545 407,840 414,705 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,409 58,791 40,184 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,655 407,855 414,800 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,933 47,453 34,523 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 750,475 378,445 372,035 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,491 58,779 38,026 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 549,500 236,590 312,910 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,734 7,322 8,045 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 636,950 331,745 305,205 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,853 55,728 37,207 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 857,295 424,260 433,030 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 302,780 173,250 129,525 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,368 62,070 48,579 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,855 72,366 54,808 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.5 92.8 84.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.2 76.8 68.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.5 7.2 15.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 857,270 424,245 433,025 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 34,645 16,530 18,120 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 822,620 407,715 414,905 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,780 47,325 58,455 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 118,380 46,195 72,180 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 107,890 42,345 65,545 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 95,605 41,315 54,295 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 89,285 42,260 47,025 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 70,395 36,950 33,450 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 53,855 31,055 22,795 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 41,930 25,290 16,645 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 34,305 20,750 13,560 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 26,165 16,100 10,060 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 79,030 58,125 20,905 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 56,160 40,025 16,140 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 22,870 18,100 4,770 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 857,270 424,245 433,025 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 34,520 16,515 18,010 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 822,745 407,730 415,015 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,310 48,150 60,160 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 123,690 48,420 75,275 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 125,285 50,160 75,125 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 119,460 54,365 65,100 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 103,250 52,900 50,350 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 73,855 42,315 31,540 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 53,925 32,645 21,280 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 38,615 23,385 15,235 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 76,345 55,395 20,950 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 24,935 16,370 8,560 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 16,260 11,815 4,445 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 35,155 27,210 7,945 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 857,270 424,245 433,025 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 220,320 92,270 128,055 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 636,950 331,980 304,970 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 74.3 78.3 70.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 82,210 38,805 43,410 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 46,620 20,310 26,310 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 77,480 33,900 43,575 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 68,175 29,285 38,885 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 66,120 29,825 36,295 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 61,800 29,930 31,870 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 51,075 27,565 23,510 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 39,805 23,605 16,195 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 32,265 20,015 12,255 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 111,405 78,745 32,665 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 28,240 17,220 11,020 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 21,415 13,645 7,770 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 61,750 47,885 13,870 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 432,625 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,412 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,784 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 121,175 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,188 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,099 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 311,450 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,530 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,696 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 432,620 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,942 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,837 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 121,040 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,880 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,555 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 311,580 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,447 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,320 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 432,625 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,930 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,575 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,675 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,025 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,845 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,875 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,700 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,410 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 17,345 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,525 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,595 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,700 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,605 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,810 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,280 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 154,720 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 48,375 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,320 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,875 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 30,160 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 432,625 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,355 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,680 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,860 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,625 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,275 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,325 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,700 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 20,990 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 20,395 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,790 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,680 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,255 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 32,575 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,995 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,545 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 114,570 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 47,890 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,680 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 36,995 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 299,345 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,747 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,065 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 122,845 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,865 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,765 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 124,285 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,530 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,656 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 44,110 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,749 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,776 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 299,455 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,031 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,825 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 123,045 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,889 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,074 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 124,275 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,718 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,601 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 44,125 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,208 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,678 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 161,805 82,400 79,405 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,875 40,000 32,247 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,415 35,306 29,777 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 161,560 82,510 79,050 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,756 49,739 41,598 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,229 40,766 35,581 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,070,555 533,385 537,175 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 506,055 243,040 263,010 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 111,770 55,530 56,245 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 104,900 46,610 58,285 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 94,035 44,535 49,500 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 96,045 47,015 49,030 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 99,300 49,350 49,950 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 564,505 290,345 274,160 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 104,200 52,705 51,495 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 109,400 55,670 53,725 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 115,215 59,255 55,965 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 121,965 62,875 59,085 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 113,730 59,840 53,885 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,014,605 505,225 509,380 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 230,205 117,925 112,275 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 79,345 40,700 38,645 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 631,280 316,125 315,155 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 153,120 71,180 81,950 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 130,220 60,375 69,845 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 41,010 20,960 20,050 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 15,420 7,850 7,575 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 67,080 31,315 35,765 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 22,130 8,100 14,025 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.0 13.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 9.9 11.3 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.5 11.4 17.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 59,440 29,890 29,545 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 17,870 9,140 8,735 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 7,005 3,540 3,465 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 38,775 19,470 19,305 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,795 1,280 1,510 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 5.9 5.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.8 7.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.7 9.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.2 6.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.8 1.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,070,560 533,385 537,175 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 1,062,885 529,920 532,965 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 1,062,275 529,630 532,645 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 51,325 23,600 27,725 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 187,450 91,805 95,645 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 38,110 18,390 19,720 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 28,270 13,675 14,590 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 10 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 27,065 13,115 13,950 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 40 30 15 10 0 10
Plains Cree 3,665 1,770 1,900 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 470 185 285 55 25 30
Woods Cree 1,260 570 695 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 21,870 10,695 11,175 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,310 620 695 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 1,300 610 690 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 9,120 4,350 4,770 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 9,105 4,345 4,760 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 9,105 4,350 4,755 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 30 15 10
Haida 10 0 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 505 240 260 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 510 255 250 55 20 35
Dakota 415 205 210 30 15 15
Stoney 10 10 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 20 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 149,475 73,470 76,000 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,595 4,585 4,015 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 40 35 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,305 620 690 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 85 40 45 20 10 15
Oromo 160 70 90 245 140 110
Somali 1,090 520 570 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 7,500 4,075 3,425 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 545 255 290 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 5,605 3,165 2,435 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 505 240 265 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 195 95 100 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 470 245 230 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 705 350 355 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 120 125 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,315 1,685 1,635 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 210 105 105 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 3,105 1,580 1,525 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 29,705 14,065 15,640 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 90 30 55 530 215 310
Cebuano 2,115 945 1,170 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 20 10 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 285 130 150 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 785 365 415 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 215 95 115 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 265 130 135 855 365 495
Pangasinan 45 25 20 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,655 13,575 15,080 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 35 25 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 300 145 155 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 495 230 270 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 240 95 145 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,190 1,205 980 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 115 65 55 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,170 625 540 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 635 345 290 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 435 270 165 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 81,985 40,685 41,300 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 560 275 285 1,640 840 795
Armenian 115 65 45 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 20,395 9,470 10,925 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 225 120 110 1,030 515 520
Latvian 135 60 70 555 290 265
Lithuanian 95 60 35 475 220 250
Slavic languages 20,265 9,400 10,860 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 20 0 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 325 155 165 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 75 40 35 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 605 355 250 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 300 155 150 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 65 35 35 400 220 185
Polish 2,185 1,040 1,145 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 5,275 2,585 2,690 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 790 410 385 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 80 30 50 1,525 770 750
Slovak 125 85 40 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 50 50 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 13,090 5,770 7,325 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 345 205 140 420 215 205
Celtic languages 165 105 65 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 55 35 25 660 395 265
Welsh 50 30 20 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 45 20 860 450 410
Germanic languages 21,275 10,435 10,840 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 1,455 750 705 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 320 195 125 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,510 720 790 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 25 15 15 465 230 240
German 17,390 8,525 8,870 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 70 40 30 405 210 195
Norwegian 415 180 235 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 230 95 130 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 25 50 545 270 275
Yiddish 75 35 30 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 265 135 125 155 95 60
Greek 1,470 725 745 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 27,395 14,650 12,740 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 25,355 13,530 11,825 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 3,520 1,895 1,620 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 3,320 1,760 1,555 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 8,040 4,480 3,560 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 40 25 20 60 30 25
Konkani 40 30 15 415 215 200
Marathi 185 120 70 1,475 780 695
Nepali 835 435 400 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,300 4,635 3,665 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 180 105 75 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 355 205 150 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 9,455 4,815 4,635 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 2,285 1,240 1,040 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 145 90 60 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 555 315 240 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,630 870 760 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 135 140 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 12,660 6,085 6,570 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,360 670 690 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 885 380 505 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,105 525 575 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 9,605 4,635 4,965 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 380 245 140
Japanese 1,205 540 665 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 15 0 15 115 55 60
Georgian 15 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 1,930 850 1,080 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 55 20 30 370 170 200
Mongolian 60 25 30 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 4,125 2,245 1,885 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 355 185 170 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 10 30 20 15
Edo 20 0 20 145 80 60
Ewe 100 45 55 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 45 15 105 30 70
Ga 45 25 15 150 95 50
Ganda 20 10 10 165 80 85
Igbo 625 325 300 425 240 185
Lingala 140 70 65 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 150 130 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 55 290 125 165
Shona 150 90 55 415 220 195
Swahili 950 570 380 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 40 25 15 50 25 30
Yoruba 965 470 495 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 815 480 335 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 300 150 145 405 210 200
Dinka 100 65 40 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 195 90 105 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,565 585 985 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 650 215 435 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 915 365 545 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,580 7,115 7,470 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 13,630 6,625 7,005 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 4,675 2,245 2,435 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 30 10 20 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 8,995 4,335 4,660 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 260 125 135 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 30 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,245 620 630 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 960 495 460 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 315 185 130 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 635 310 325 955 485 465
Tibetan 30 15 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 635 245 385 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 410 170 240 1,630 735 890
Thai 275 105 170 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 640 365 285 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 25 20 10 945 510 435
Turkish 530 310 220 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 60 25 35 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,765 850 915 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 20 15 10 780 350 425
Finnish 360 170 190 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,385 670 715 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 210 135 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,070,555 533,385 537,175 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 998,035 496,635 501,395 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 237,720 121,535 116,185 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 760,310 375,105 385,210 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 72,525 36,750 35,780 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,070,560 533,385 537,170 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 945,810 470,790 475,025 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,490 55,800 56,690 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 16,650 8,190 8,465 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 5,545 2,670 2,875 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 9,315 4,645 4,665 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 33,045 16,410 16,635 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 8,670 4,165 4,505 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 24,370 12,245 12,130 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 47,935 23,880 24,055 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,255 6,800 5,455 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,495 55,795 56,695 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 12,060 6,100 5,965 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 21,295 11,015 10,280 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 19,295 8,990 10,305 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 50,945 25,060 25,890 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 8,895 4,635 4,260 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,490 55,800 56,690 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 10,765 5,010 5,760 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 185 65 120 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 555 275 280 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 630 290 340 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 155 75 85 1,305 600 710
Haiti 65 45 20 570 250 315
Jamaica 815 425 395 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,330 665 665 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 165 60 100 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 210 105 110 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,845 2,045 2,800 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,805 955 845 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 23,640 11,900 11,740 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 455 215 245 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 445 280 165 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 215 90 125 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,575 1,280 1,295 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 605 325 280 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 395 215 180 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 845 490 355 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 570 305 265 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,220 585 635 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 1,395 690 705 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 220 105 120 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 695 335 360 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 805 345 460 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 585 305 280 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 3,280 1,630 1,650 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,020 3,520 3,505 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,320 1,195 1,125 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 10,285 5,360 4,925 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 50 35 15 485 310 175
Egypt 435 230 205 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 635 285 355 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 425 225 200 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 180 95 80 985 535 455
Nigeria 1,695 845 855 1,740 925 815
Somalia 635 335 300 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,775 920 855 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 4,455 2,390 2,065 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 67,120 33,175 33,945 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 515 230 285 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 2,575 1,365 1,210 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,485 3,445 4,035 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 765 370 400 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 9,630 5,190 4,435 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 785 465 325 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 1,175 625 550 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 265 65 200 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,120 475 645 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 255 160 90 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 6,860 3,575 3,280 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 26,860 12,655 14,210 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 440 235 205 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,155 610 550 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 180 80 100 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 2,615 1,340 1,280 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 4,425 2,290 2,140 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 675 350 325 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 47,935 23,880 24,055 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 2,320 1,090 1,230 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 45 10 35 1,145 525 615
Colombia 115 55 65 580 250 325
Cuba 35 20 15 140 60 80
Haiti 10 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 405 230 180 625 355 265
Mexico 435 215 225 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 745 330 420 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 10 30 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 490 220 270 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 4,855 2,405 2,455 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 50 15 45 970 510 460
Germany 190 105 80 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 525 315 205 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 100 50 50 245 120 125
Romania 95 35 60 690 310 380