Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Newfoundland and Labrador [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Newfoundland and Labrador

[Province]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Newfoundland and Labrador [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 519,716 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 514,536 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 1.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 265,739 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 218,673 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 1.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 370,514.08 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 519,715 253,930 265,790
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 74,440 38,200 36,240
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 22,365 11,430 10,930
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 26,040 13,430 12,605
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 26,035 13,340 12,700
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 344,245 168,555 175,695
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 27,255 13,980 13,275
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 27,700 13,915 13,785
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 28,245 14,095 14,150
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 29,405 14,185 15,215
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 30,740 14,555 16,185
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 34,505 16,745 17,765
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 38,665 18,740 19,920
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 42,620 20,730 21,890
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 43,080 21,035 22,045
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 42,025 20,570 21,460
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 101,025 47,170 53,855
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 37,485 18,310 19,180
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 26,170 12,720 13,445
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 16,950 8,015 8,935
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 11,060 4,885 6,175
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 9,360 3,245 6,125
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 6,175 2,300 3,875
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 2,485 790 1,695
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 610 140 475
100 years and over 650 115 535 90 20 75
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 14.3 15.0 13.6
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 66.2 66.4 66.1
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 19.4 18.6 20.3
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 1.8 1.3 2.3
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 43.7 42.9 44.4
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 46.0 45.4 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 218,675 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 160,245 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 750 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 56,245 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 8,545 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 10,390 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 25,235 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 11,645 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 435 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 1,430 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 218,675 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 53,755 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 88,715 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 37,700 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 28,270 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 10,235 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 512,255 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 445,275 215,720 229,550
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 277,300 138,640 138,660
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 230,815 115,460 115,355
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 46,485 23,180 23,305
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 167,980 77,085 90,895
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 107,650 57,545 50,105
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 8,570 3,760 4,815
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 22,225 9,535 12,685
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 29,530 6,245 23,285
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 161,010 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 91,965 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 36,220 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 26,060 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 6,760 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 161,010 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 136,755 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 113,520 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 23,235 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 24,250 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 19,295 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 4,960 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 136,760 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 76,080 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 60,675 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 29,785 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 24,525 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 6,365 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 24,250 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 15,885 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 6,445 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 1,925 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 80,020 36,715 43,315
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 218,675 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 154,090 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 73,210 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 80,880 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 3,430 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 61,155 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 53,750 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 7,405 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 515,680 252,315 263,370
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 488,800 241,310 247,490
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 120 60 60
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 25,940 10,580 15,365
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 820 365 455
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 515,680 252,315 263,365
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 512,350 250,610 261,740
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 2,255 1,205 1,050
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 350 180 165
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 725 315 410
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 2,425 1,295 1,135
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 515,680 252,310 263,370
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 513,980 251,490 262,495
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 502,060 245,305 256,760
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 499,710 244,065 255,645
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 2,350 1,240 1,115
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 11,920 6,190 5,735
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 2,620 1,270 1,350
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 2,130 1,030 1,100
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 2,120 1,025 1,095
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 1,505 725 780
Moose Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 605 295 310
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 0 0 0
Plains Cree 720 280 435 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 910 430 480 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 5 0 5
Malecite 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 5 5 0
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 0 0 0
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 490 235 255
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 45 435 205 230
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 50 30 20
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 0 0 0
Salish languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 0 0 0
Dakota 350 165 185 0 0 0
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 9,300 4,920 4,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 1,295 730 565
Berber languages 340 190 145 0 5 0
Kabyle 165 90 75 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 45 20 20
Bilen 315 185 130 10 5 5
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 35 15 15
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 5 0
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 1,245 700 545
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 25 10 15
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 1,140 645 490
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 0 0 0
Harari 260 135 120 0 0 0
Hebrew 960 505 460 5 5 0
Maltese 75 30 40 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 65 30 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 60 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 5 0 5
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 1,120 475 645
Bikol 425 205 225 5 5 0
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 60 15 40
Fijian 125 75 50 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 5 5 5
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 25 10 15
Malagasy 35 10 25 0 5 0
Malay 1,460 615 845 25 15 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 10 10 5
Pangasinan 290 115 175 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 970 415 560
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 10 5 5
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 35 20 15
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 25 10 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 15 5 5
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 275 150 120
Kannada 535 270 265 15 5 10
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 100 55 45
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 115 70 45
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 50 25 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 4,020 2,265 1,760
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 85 45 40
Armenian 500 250 245 5 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 585 310 275
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 10 10 5
Latvian 415 195 220 10 10 5
Lithuanian 600 285 315 0 0 0
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 575 300 270
Belarusan 65 30 30 0 5 0
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 15 10 5
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 65 35 30
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 30 20 15
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 35 20 15
Macedonian 360 185 175 5 5 5
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 105 55 50
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 220 120 100
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 30 15 15
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 10 5 5
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 10 5 5
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 40 15 25
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 0 5 0
Celtic languages 370 200 170 20 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 10 10 0
Welsh 175 85 80 5 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 10 5 0
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 715 425 290
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 55 30 25
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 55 30 20
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 110 70 40
Frisian 360 200 160 0 0 0
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 380 210 170
Icelandic 115 55 60 30 20 10
Norwegian 815 370 445 55 45 15
Swedish 875 405 470 20 10 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 5 0 0
Yiddish 140 70 70 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 10 5 0
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 55 40 15
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 1,640 965 670
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 1,325 800 530
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 325 220 105
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 70 45 25
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 175 100 70
Kashmiri 105 60 50 0 5 0
Konkani 370 190 185 0 0 0
Marathi 1,510 775 730 30 15 10
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 135 75 55
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 5 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 215 130 90
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 70 35 40
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 285 165 120
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 280 145 130
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 10 10 5
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 30 10 15
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 235 125 110
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 30 25 10
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 915 465 455
Catalan 75 30 45 0 0 0
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 105 60 45
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 165 90 70
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 45 15 30
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 595 290 305
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 5 0
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 45 15 30
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 5 0 0
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 125 50 80
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 0 0 0
Mongolian 540 255 290 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 320 170 145
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 30 20 10
Bamanankan 35 20 15 0 0 0
Edo 275 155 120 5 5 0
Ewe 245 145 100 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 0 0 0
Ga 145 80 65 0 0 0
Ganda 280 145 135 10 5 5
Igbo 1,165 625 540 30 20 10
Lingala 270 130 140 10 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 10 0 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 5 0 5
Shona 1,100 545 555 30 15 15
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 55 25 25
Wolof 280 165 110 5 5 5
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 60 40 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 65 35 35
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 35 20 15
Dinka 1,345 705 640 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 25 15 15
Sign languages 830 440 390 125 70 55
American Sign Language 335 165 165 50 25 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 75 45 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 1,620 830 790
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 1,590 815 775
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 360 195 165
Hakka 990 465 530 10 5 5
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 990 495 490
Min Dong 115 50 65 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 35 15 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 15 5 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 190 100 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 30 10 15
Burmese 430 230 200 10 0 10
Karenic languages 795 415 380 10 5 0
Tibetan 575 295 275 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 5 5 0
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 50 20 30
Lao 1,020 485 535 5 5 5
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 45 20 25
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 70 40 25
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 10 5 0
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 45 35 15
Uyghur 130 70 60 0 0 0
Uzbek 205 115 90 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 5 0 5
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 90 20 70
Estonian 190 90 105 20 10 10
Finnish 810 330 480 20 5 20
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 55 10 40
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 20 15 5
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 1,700 820 880
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 585 250 335
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 1,025 530 500
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 60 30 30
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 25 15 15
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 515,675 252,310 263,370
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 513,025 250,995 262,030
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 506,485 247,615 258,865
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 505,550 247,155 258,395
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 935 465 475
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 6,545 3,380 3,160
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 1,910 950 960
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 1,800 890 910
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 1,800 890 910
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 1,200 600 605
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 600 295 310
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 600 300 295 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 5 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 105 55 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 105 55 50
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 0 0 0
Dakota 175 85 85 0 0 0
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 4,635 2,430 2,205
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 830 425 410
Berber languages 200 105 95 5 0 0
Kabyle 90 45 40 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 5 0 5
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 40 20 20
Bilen 280 160 115 10 5 0
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 30 20 15
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 0 0 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 790 400 390
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 10 5 5
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 725 375 355
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 0 0 0
Harari 165 80 85 0 0 0
Hebrew 460 235 225 0 0 0
Maltese 15 10 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 50 20 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 40 20 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 40 20 15
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 500 235 265
Bikol 70 40 35 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 15 5 10
Fijian 45 25 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 5 0 0
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 5 5 0
Malagasy 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 405 205 195 5 5 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 5 5 5
Pangasinan 45 20 30 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 475 225 245
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 0 0 0
Creole languages 970 495 475 15 10 5
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 10 5 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 10 5 5
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 120 65 55
Kannada 210 105 105 0 0 5
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 35 15 15
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 55 30 25
Telugu 1,245 635 615 25 15 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 1,620 890 730
Albanian 1,060 570 485 30 20 15
Armenian 215 115 105 5 5 0
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 195 100 100
Baltic languages 410 210 200 0 0 0
Latvian 165 85 80 0 0 0
Lithuanian 250 125 120 0 0 0
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 195 100 95
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 785 400 385 5 5 0
Bulgarian 825 415 405 30 15 15
Croatian 1,800 905 895 0 0 5
Czech 875 440 430 5 5 0
Macedonian 175 90 85 0 0 0
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 30 15 15
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 95 50 45
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 0 0 0
Slovak 710 345 365 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 0 0 0
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 10 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 25 15 0 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 0 0 0
Welsh 15 5 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 155 85 70
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 15 5 10
Danish 150 75 75 25 10 10
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 15 10 5
Frisian 60 30 30 0 0 0
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 65 30 25
Icelandic 30 15 15 15 10 10
Norwegian 60 20 35 20 10 5
Swedish 145 65 80 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 5 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 0 0 0
Greek 1,015 490 525 10 10 5
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 860 505 360
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 685 410 275
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 150 105 45
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 20 10 10
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 75 45 30
Kashmiri 50 20 25 0 0 0
Konkani 75 40 40 0 0 0
Marathi 845 440 405 10 5 5
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 95 55 40
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 145 80 60
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 10 10 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 45 25 20
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 130 70 60
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 155 85 75
Kurdish 850 440 410 5 0 5
Pashto 1,640 845 795 10 5 0
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 145 75 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 365 175 190
Catalan 35 10 20 5 0 0
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 20 10 10
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 50 25 25
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 10 5 5
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 275 130 145
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 20 5 10
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 0 0 0
Georgian 160 85 70 0 0 0
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 60 30 35
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 0 0 0
Mongolian 335 155 175 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 105 50 55
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 5 0 0
Bamanankan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Edo 70 35 35 0 0 0
Ewe 80 45 35 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 0 0 0
Ga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Ganda 95 50 50 5 0 5
Igbo 265 125 145 0 5 0
Lingala 85 35 45 5 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 10 0 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 0 0 0
Shona 410 190 225 5 5 0
Swahili 1,090 530 565 45 20 25
Wolof 170 95 75 0 0 0
Yoruba 690 340 350 20 10 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 5 10 0
Dinka 800 420 380 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 5 5 0
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 210 120 90
American Sign Language 325 170 155 60 30 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 155 85 70
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 1,040 545 495
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 1,030 535 490
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 190 100 90
Hakka 315 135 185 0 0 0
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 705 365 335
Min Dong 20 5 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 15 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 120 65 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 10 5 5
Burmese 280 145 130 5 0 5
Karenic languages 665 340 320 0 0 0
Tibetan 420 220 200 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 10 5 5
Lao 465 215 245 5 0 0
Thai 655 285 370 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 30 15 15
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 0 0 0
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 15 5 10
Uyghur 80 45 40 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 70 65 10 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 5 0 0
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 25 10 10
Estonian 25 10 15 10 5 5
Finnish 105 50 50 0 5 0
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 10 5 5
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 5 5 0
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 2,655 1,320 1,340
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 400 185 215
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 2,175 1,095 1,080
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 55 25 30
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 515,680 252,310 263,365
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 505,060 247,185 257,870
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 3,190 1,655 1,535
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 3,160 1,305 1,855
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 4,135 2,095 2,035
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 685 315 370
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 3,450 1,785 1,670
English and French 1,535 775 760 20 10 5
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 45 25 25
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 65 35 35
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 437,940 212,785 225,150
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 422,335 205,915 216,425
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 31,754 40,880 25,314
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 422,475 205,925 216,550
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 28,883 36,040 23,623
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 350,685 178,440 172,240
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 30,580 39,940 23,812
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 320,165 142,895 177,270
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 9,208 10,950 8,142
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 299,155 154,695 144,455
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 31,528 41,659 24,445
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 437,935 212,780 225,155
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 422,695 206,060 216,630
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 45,210 56,724 34,259
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 422,850 206,070 216,780
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 37,105 45,371 29,247
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 350,865 178,415 172,450
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 45,500 56,985 33,617
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 320,275 143,070 177,205
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 9,823 10,636 9,166
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 299,155 154,695 144,460
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 46,153 57,421 34,087
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 437,935 212,785 225,150
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 127,135 65,460 61,670
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 55,696 64,859 46,313
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 67,716 80,565 54,077
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 83.5 86.9 78.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 72.0 75.7 66.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 16.5 13.1 21.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 437,940 212,785 225,155
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 15,600 6,875 8,730
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 422,335 205,910 216,420
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 96.4 96.8 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 54,190 20,040 34,150
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 80,625 30,610 50,015
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 66,445 26,040 40,410
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 50,800 24,220 26,585
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 40,710 20,675 20,030
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 28,815 16,365 12,450
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 22,170 13,390 8,790
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 16,585 9,950 6,640
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 14,525 8,380 6,140
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 11,570 7,230 4,345
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 35,890 29,020 6,870
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 24,160 19,130 5,030
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 11,730 9,890 1,845
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 437,935 212,790 225,150
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 15,465 6,865 8,600
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 422,475 205,920 216,550
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 96.5 96.8 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 55,965 20,310 35,650
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 84,935 32,255 52,675
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 77,570 31,835 45,730
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 60,145 30,005 30,140
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 42,845 23,560 19,285
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 29,740 18,000 11,735
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 21,810 12,880 8,925
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 16,275 10,280 5,995
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 33,195 26,780 6,410
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 9,910 7,385 2,525
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 6,785 5,580 1,205
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 16,495 13,810 2,685
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 437,940 212,785 225,150
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 138,785 58,090 80,695
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 299,155 154,695 144,460
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 68.3 72.7 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 41,945 19,065 22,885
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 25,185 9,870 15,315
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 43,245 18,425 24,820
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 34,575 14,615 19,960
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 26,880 13,045 13,840
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 25,000 12,240 12,755
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 19,620 11,050 8,570
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 16,510 9,855 6,655
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 12,995 7,755 5,240
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 53,195 38,785 14,415
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 12,605 7,075 5,530
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 9,920 6,290 3,635
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 30,660 25,415 5,245
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 218,670 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 67,272 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 59,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 53,750 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 27,593 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 25,750 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 164,920 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 83,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 72,188 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 218,675 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 87,392 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 71,750 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 53,735 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 41,684 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 33,968 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 164,940 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 102,281 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 84,058 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 218,670 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 1,610 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 3,325 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 6,270 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 10,620 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 11,065 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 10,490 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 12,560 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 9,765 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 8,675 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 8,390 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 15,745 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 14,835 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 13,210 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 11,965 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 10,690 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 69,465 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 21,315 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 16,030 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 18,490 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 13,630 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 218,675 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 1,715 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 3,370 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 6,350 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 10,970 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 12,220 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 11,580 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 13,770 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 11,505 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 10,270 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 10,130 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 19,260 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 17,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 15,335 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 13,145 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 11,470 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 50,175 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 21,485 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 13,060 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 15,630 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 159,665 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 83,589 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 72,193 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 71,340 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 69,513 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 61,160 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 61,695 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 120,644 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 100,500 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 22,155 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 45,630 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 42,926 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 159,645 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 102,559 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 84,156 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 71,405 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 87,485 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 72,251 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 61,740 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 137,066 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 110,501 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 22,125 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 57,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 50,395 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 69,430 32,260 37,175
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 26,545 30,718 24,334
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 24,852 27,806 23,469
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 69,470 32,190 37,280
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 39,398 45,493 34,137
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 32,455 36,753 28,743
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 512,255 250,910 261,340
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 254,565 119,495 135,070
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 45,825 21,025 24,800
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 62,600 27,510 35,090
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 49,300 23,290 26,015
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 48,540 23,710 24,825
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 48,295 23,955 24,340
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 257,685 131,420 126,270
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 49,765 24,975 24,790
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 50,430 25,400 25,035
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 52,970 26,900 26,075
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 55,005 28,170 26,840
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 49,510 25,975 23,535
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 509,340 249,445 259,895
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 89,425 45,880 43,545
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 26,950 13,780 13,170
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 324,715 158,305 166,410
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 95,200 45,265 49,935
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 78,595 34,740 43,850
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 15,920 8,110 7,810
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 5,205 2,670 2,530
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 40,420 17,430 22,990
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 22,250 9,200 13,055
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 15.4 13.9 16.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 17.8 17.7 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 19.3 19.4 19.2
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 12.4 11.0 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 23.4 20.3 26.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 29,200 13,915 15,285
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 6,065 3,095 2,970
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 2,035 1,080 955
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 21,880 10,305 11,570
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 1,255 510 750
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 5.7 5.6 5.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 6.8 6.7 6.8
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 7.6 7.8 7.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 6.7 6.5 7.0
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 1.3 1.1 1.5
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 512,250 250,910 261,340
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 511,220 250,445 260,775
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 511,100 250,390 260,705
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 25,965 10,395 15,575
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 17,245 8,800 8,445
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 3,035 1,425 1,610
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 2,270 1,085 1,180
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 2,220 1,070 1,150
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 1,575 765 810
Moose Cree 25 0 15 10 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 665 315 350
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 10 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 50 15 35
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 50 15 35
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 0 10 0
Algonquin 10 10 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 765 340 425
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 20 35 690 290 400
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 75 50 25
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 0 0 0
Salish languages 50 25 25 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 0 0 0
Dakota 530 285 245 0 0 0
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 14,220 7,380 6,840
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 1,705 930 770
Berber languages 540 335 205 20 10 15
Kabyle 225 125 90 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 20 0 10
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 35 10 25
Bilen 370 235 135 0 0 0
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 15 10 10
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 20 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 0 0 0
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 1,640 900 735
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 50 35 20
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 1,560 860 700
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 0 0 0
Harari 340 150 185 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 10 10 10
Maltese 145 85 55 10 10 10
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 25 20 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 35 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 55 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 50 25 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 1,315 530 785
Bikol 330 150 180 0 0 0
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 95 30 75
Fijian 340 195 145 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 0 0 0
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 35 10 30
Malagasy 80 40 40 0 0 0
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 110 70 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 0 0 0
Pangasinan 445 190 250 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 1,170 450 715
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 15 10 10
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 60 30 25
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 35 15 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 25 15 10
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 450 245 210
Kannada 1,035 520 515 35 10 25
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 150 75 80
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 245 145 100
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 7,080 3,835 3,245
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 125 70 60
Armenian 530 255 275 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 855 450 405
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 15 0 10
Latvian 590 300 290 10 0 10
Lithuanian 775 360 415 0 0 0
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 845 450 400
Belarusan 200 95 105 0 0 0
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 20 15 10
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 60 25 35
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 65 45 20
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 50 25 25
Macedonian 535 270 265 10 10 10
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 125 85 40
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 515 250 265
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 15 20 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 10 0 0
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 15 15 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 0 0 0
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 120 55 70
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 115 75 35
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 30 30 0
Welsh 315 180 130 40 30 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 50 20 25
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 1,765 965 800
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 85 50 40
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 100 55 45
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 150 80 75
Frisian 475 275 205 0 0 0
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 1,270 685 580
Icelandic 160 70 95 50 35 20
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 130 75 55
Swedish 1,635 800 835 55 40 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 0 10 0
Yiddish 250 130 115 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 0 0 0
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 95 55 40
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 2,070 1,230 840
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 1,760 1,070 690
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 370 240 125
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 60 35 20
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 595 355 240
Kashmiri 125 80 45 0 0 0
Konkani 625 300 320 10 0 0
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 25 10 15
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 175 110 60
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 485 305 180
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 80 45 35
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 405 255 145
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 275 150 130
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 25 25 0
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 50 35 15
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 205 90 110
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 70 45 30
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 2,450 1,240 1,210
Catalan 170 95 80 10 10 0
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 360 190 165
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 395 215 180
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 55 30 25
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 1,820 895 930
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 20 10 15
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 155 45 110
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 0
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 130 50 75
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 0 0 10
Mongolian 800 370 430 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 795 445 345
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 60 55 10
Bamanankan 60 30 30 0 0 0
Edo 620 325 290 10 10 0
Ewe 335 170 165 10 10 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 0 0 0
Ga 345 190 155 0 0 0
Ganda 610 305 305 55 35 20
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 90 45 45
Lingala 1,240 640 605 10 10 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 10 10 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 25 15 20
Shona 1,810 850 960 105 35 75
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 180 110 70
Wolof 600 365 235 0 0 0
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 200 115 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 130 75 60
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 55 35 20
Dinka 1,655 825 825 35 25 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 20 10 15
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 710 315 395
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 350 130 215
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 370 190 180
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 1,870 1,025 840
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 1,820 995 820
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 395 230 165
Hakka 1,180 515 660 0 0 0
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 1,265 665 595
Min Dong 85 50 40 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 35 25 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 10 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 265 160 110
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 50 30 20
Burmese 605 305 295 25 15 10
Karenic languages 805 415 390 35 25 10
Tibetan 860 430 430 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 65 30 35
Lao 1,520 730 795 15 10 0
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 55 25 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 80 50 30
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 0 0 0
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 60 45 15
Uyghur 290 135 155 0 0 0
Uzbek 425 200 225 20 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 10 0 10
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 120 35 80
Estonian 185 85 105 25 15 10
Finnish 1,045 455 590 15 0 10
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 85 25 65
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 40 20 20
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 512,250 250,910 261,335
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 503,160 245,925 257,240
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 88,805 45,585 43,220
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 414,355 200,335 214,020
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 9,090 4,990 4,100
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 512,255 250,910 261,340
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 496,410 242,465 253,940
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 12,080 6,230 5,850
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 3,430 1,765 1,660
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 905 455 450
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 1,210 625 585
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 2,860 1,490 1,370
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 995 500 495
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 1,865 990 875
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 3,675 1,890 1,780
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 3,770 2,215 1,550
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 12,075 6,230 5,845
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 1,535 745 790
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 2,095 1,090 1,005
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 2,090 1,035 1,050
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 5,420 2,840 2,580
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 940 515 425
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 12,080 6,230 5,850
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 2,280 1,080 1,205
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 30 15 15
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 110 50 65
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 10 10 0
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 30 15 10
Haiti 1,270 675 600 0 10 0
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 110 45 70
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 90 35 55
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 20 0 15
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 30 15 15
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 1,535 730 805
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 300 155 145
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 4,215 2,325 1,885
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 45 20 25
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 10 10 0
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 160 95 70
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 365 210 155
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 30 20 10
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 40 10 30
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 180 95 85
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 80 60 20
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 95 55 40
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 75 50 30
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 140 80 60
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 55 15 35
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 165 90 70
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 10 10 0
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 85 25 60
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 2,215 1,215 1,000
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 465 270 195
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 1,215 655 560
Algeria 1,340 715 625 30 20 0
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 215 135 80
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 50 30 25
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 25 10 20
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 25 20 0
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 185 105 80
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 135 55 80
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 535 280 260
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 4,295 2,145 2,150
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 45 15 25
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 165 95 70
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 835 405 425
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 80 60 25
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 640 355 285
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 65 35 35
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 220 115 105
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 15 0 15
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 35 0 25
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 35 35 10
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 245 145 95
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 855 330 530
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 115 65 50
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 315 145 175
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 35 20 15
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 30 15 20
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 570 315 255
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 70 20 50
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 3,675 1,890 1,785
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 460 230 230
Brazil 860 370 490 20 0 15
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 10 0 10
Cuba 465 215 255 30 15 15
Haiti 385 240 150 0 0 0
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 70 20 45
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 30 20 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 195 110 90
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 80 30 45
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 545 310 230
France 425 240 180 65 30 30
Germany 1,370 710 655 30 15 15
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 30 30 10
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 0 0 0
Romania 1,100 545 555 0 0 0
Russian Federation 1,235 430 805 45